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Historical and Gen ealogical 



VOL. XXXV. — .1 A N I ART, 1881 






D^vir> cxuJL-pi? & soisr, printers. 

564 Washington St. 



















John Ward Dean, A.M. (Editor), Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., 
Lucius K Pa 4GE , D.D., William B. Trask, 

Edmund F. ^laftek, A M., Henry H. Edes, 

Henry F. Waters, A.B. 


*#* Illustrations; 

1. Portrait of the Hon. JOHN HOWE PEYTON {to face page 9) . 

2. Extracts from the maps of Verrazano and Mercator. 




Sketch of the Life of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. By Col. J 
The Rev. John Eliot's Record of Roxbury Church Members. 
William B. Trask, Esq . 

Longmeadow Families. (Continued.) Com. by Willard S. Allen, A.M 

Diary of the Hon. Paul Dudley, 1740. Com. by B. Joy Jeffries, M D. 

Records of Dartmouth, Mass. (Concluded.) Com. by the late James B. Congdon 

Taxes under Gov. Andros. (Continued.) Town Rate of Topsfield. Com 
by Walter Lloyd Jeffries, A.B 

Lt. John Bryant and Descendants. By William B. Lapham, M.D. 

Quincy Family Letters. Com. by Hubbard W. Bryant, Esq. 

Early Records of Gorgeana. Com. by Samuel L. Boardman, Esq. 

The Youngman Family. Com. by John C. J. Broicn, Esq. 

Cabo de Baxos, or the Place of Cape Cod in the Old Cartology. By the 
Rev. B. F. De Costa J 

By Col 







Descent of Margaret Locke, Wife of Francis Willoughby. 
Joseph L. Chester, LL D 

Letters of Shirley and Moulton. Com. by JV. J. Herrick, Esq. 

The Atherton Family in England. By John C. J. Brown, Esq. 

Grantees of Meadow Lands in Dorchester. . Com. by William B. Trask, Esq 

Wright Genealogy. By the Rev. Stephen Wright . . 

Letters written during the Revolution. Com. by John S. H. Fogg, M.D. 

Notes and Queries : 

Notes.— Bryant ; Portrait of Judge Richardson, 8 s ; Phelps; Meachum ; In- 
scriptions at Wakefield ; Dennysville ; The Home Farm ; Early Australian 
Newspapers, 86; Census of New Hampshire; Library of the Hon. William 
Green, 87. 

Queries.— Hayden ; Sanderson, Swallow and Warner ; Dennis, 87 ; Wright • 
Wood; Early Boston-born Child ; Pemberton ; Angier, Sec. 88; Quotations 
wanted; Mayo, &c. ; Youngman; Mather; Value of a Pound; Sweet, 89. 

Replies.— French Priests, 89; Allen; Windham Canada, 90. 

Announcements.— Ellis's History of First Church, Boston ; Genealogies in 
Preparation, 91 ...;.. 85-91 

Societies and their Proceedings : 
New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 91 ; Rhode Island Historical 
Society, 93 

Necrology of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society* 

Hon. Aaron C. Mayhew,94; Nathaniel C. Nash, Esq. ; Rev. Daniel Lancaster 
95 ; Richard W. Sears, Esq. ; Ebenezer T. Farrington, Esq., 96; Rev. Ephraim 
Abbot, 97; George F. Gray, Esq.; Robert Mayo, M.D., 98; Amos Law- 
rence, Esq. ; Rev. John A. Vinton, 99 

Book Notices 

List of Recent Publications 







Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decavine records of rhp 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and political life of the people of the United States, and particu- 
larly of New England, is published quarterly by the New England Historic, Genealogical Societv 
Boston, on the hrst day of January, April, July and October, at $3 a year in advance or 7.5 efV 
a number. Each number contains not less than 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel.' Addres^' 
John Wakd Dean, Editor, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. • 

IT Entered at the Post-Office at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 



historical antr (iwafogical Register. 


:Xrto=22nfllantt 5tt?i8torfc, c;cncnloatcal Society. 





Pbinted by David Clapp & Son. 

71 580 620 










JAM A!;V, 1881. 


By Col. J. T. L. Pmraoir, Professor of M ' b, &c, in the Virginia Military 

Institute, Lexington, Va, 

f|M 1 E Late John II. Peyton, Esq., of Staunton, Ya., was one of the 

A finest specimens that we have ever known of the complete law- 
yer. During the prime of life he pursued his profession with a 
laborious assiduity rarely equalled, and though as age advanced 
upon him he remitted his efforts, he did not discontinue his prac- 
tice until a short time before his death, which occurred April 3, 
1847, in the 69th year of his age. None of his contemporaries 
secured a more ample reward in either reputation or pecuniary 

AVe have spoken of Mr. Peyton as a complete lawyer. Law, 
as a practical profession, has several departments, and it is not un- 
usual to see a lawyer distinguished in some of them, with a com- 
pensating deficiency in others. Some practitioners are successful 
collectors ; some are much esteemed as judicious advisers in matters 
not strictly legal ; some are favorite advocates, with a subdivision 
into those who are influential with the court, and those who are per- 
suasive before a jury ; some are designated good judges of law, or, 
in other words, safe counsellors, and of some the forte is Common 
Law Practice, while others are distinguished as chancery lawyers. 
The organization of the courts in Virginia, and the nature of the 
business, at least in the interior, requires every lawyer to enter 
upon the whole of this miscellaneous practice ; and it is not to be 
wondered at that some, even good lawyers, are not equally strong 
in every part. Mr. Peyton knew every part of his profession tho- 
roughly. He had studied diligently as a student ; he had known 
the expectant struggles of the young practitioner ; he had practised 


10 Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

under the old system before the reorganization of the judiciary, and 
afterwards under the new ; he had met in contest the strongest men 
in each department of the profession, and he had made himself a 
champion in all. We may add that some lawyers who exhibit the 
highest skill in securing the rights of their clients, are foolishly ig- 
norant of their own ; in other words, they let slip the fair, well 
earned profits of their profession — not so with Mr. Peyton. He 
knew the value of his professional services ; he gave them to the 
fullest extent to those who applied for them, and then he insisted 
upon just remuneration. We notice this point, not at random, but 
to present a feature belonging to the character of the complete 

The characteristic of Mr. Peyton's life was efficiency. This effi- 
ciency had for its elements native vigor of intellect, great resolute- 
ness of character and courageous self-confidence, ample and thorough 
acquirements and the quickness, precision and dexterity of action 
that belong only to those who have been taught by a varied experi- 
ence to understand thoroughly human nature. In conversation Mr. 
Peyton was ready, entertaining and instructive. But conversation 
was not his forte, though he was fond of it. He was not fluent, 
his manner was sometimes too direct for the highest style of polished 
social intercourse of a general nature, and besides he had a remarka- 
ble way of indulging in a strain of covert satirical banter, when his 
words would be so much at variance with the expression of his coun- 
tenance, and particularly with the expression of his mouth, that the 
hearer was often in an uncomfortable state of uncertainty how to 
take him. His person was large, and his bearing dignified but not 
graceful. His manner was unaffected, but not without formality, 
nor was it perfectly conciliatory. Some styled him aristocratic, 
while none could deny that his self-respect and confident energy 
gave an imperious cast to his demeanor. We have oftener than 
once thought applicable to him, in a general way, those lines of 
Terence : 

" Ellnm, confidens, catus, 
Cum faciem videas, videtur esse quantivis preti. 
Tristis severitas inest in voltu, atque in verbis fides." 

His voice was true and clear, and capable of sufficient variety, 
but without a single musical intonation, and a little sharper than 
you would expect to hear from a man of his size and form. If it is 
asked what was the style of his speaking, it may be replied — just what 
might be expected to belong to such a man as he has been described, 
that is to say, never was the speaker a more complete reflection of 
the man than in his case. We cannot believe that any one who 
knew him was ever surprised when they heard him speak ; what he 
said was just what they would expect him to say. This is often the 
case with speakers and writers, but not always. Energy, reality 
and efficiency were his characteristics as a man, and equally so as a 

1881. | Sketch of the Hon. John Howe, Peyton, 11 

speaker. I distinctness of conception lay at the foundation of his excel- 
lence. Some great speakers, some even preeminently great speak- 
ers, not unfrequently hurl unforged thunderbolts. They feel the 
maddening impulse of the god, but give forth their utterances be- 
fore tlic true prophetic fury comes «>n. 

Mr. Peyton's mind was no sybil's cave, whence came forth wind- 
driven leaves inscribed with mighty thoughts disposed by chance, 
hut a spacious castle, from whose wide open portal issued men at 
arms, orderly arranged. lit- had hardly opened his case, when the 
hearer was aware that he bad thought over the whole of it, had a 
given course to pursue, and would close when lie came to the end 
of it. This distinctness of conception comprehended the subject as 
a whole, and shed it- light upon each detail belonging to it. This 
ensured the most perfect method in all that he said. Before he 
began to speak he bad determined in his own mind, not only the 
order of the different parts of bis discourse, but also their relative 
importance in producing the general Impression. Hence he was 
never led away by the tempting character of any peculiar topic, to 
expatiate upon it unduly : he did not take up matter irrelevant to 
the case because it might touch himself personally; he never spoke 
for those behind the bar, nor did he neglect to secure the fruits of 
victory in order to pursue an adversary to utter discomfiture. He 
spoke as a lawyer, he -poke for the verdict, and expected to gain 
it by showing that he was entitled to it. Some speakers hope 
to accomplish their object by single, or at least, successive 
impulses — now a clinching argumentative question, now a burst 
of brilliant declamation, and now a piece of keen wit, or a 
rough personality. Such speakers forget, or do not know, that a 
jury may admire, may he diverted, and even moved, without being 
won. lie that gains the verdict must mould, and sway, and lead, 
and this is to be effected by continued persistent pressure, rather 
than by tours deforce. This Mr. Peyton knew well, and observed 
it with perfect self-command. His hearers came away satisfied with 
the whole, rather than treasuring up remarkable points and pas- 
sages. Let it not be supposed, however, that he was a cold speak- 
er, wdio treated men as mere intellectual machines, to be set in mo- 
tion by the pulley 8, screws and levers of logic. Far from it ; he 
understood human nature well, and knew the motive power ot the 
feelings; but then he knew, too, that the way to excite the most 
effective sympathy is not to make a loud outcry, but to make a 
forcible exhibition of real suffering— that the best way to rouse 
our indignation against fraud, deceit, or oppression, is not to exhort 
us to hate it, but to Bhow its hatefulness. One of his most distin- 
guished cotemporaries upon the same circuit was celebrated for his 
powers as a criminal advocate ; his manner was obviously upon 
the pathetic order, and perhaps a trifle too declamatory. We have 
seen them in the same cause, and have thought that if the eloquence 

12 Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

of Gen. Briscoe G. Baldwin flushed the countenance quicker, 
the earnestness of Mr. Peyton stirred the heart deeper. Of the 
oratory of a class of speakers by no means rare (not, however, in- 
cluding in their class the distinguished jurist above alluded to) , it 
has been well said, "declamation roars while passion sleeps;" of 
speaking justly characterized by this line, Mr. Peyton's was the 
precise reverse. With him thought became passionate before the 
expression became glowing, as the wave swells before it crests itself 
with foam. 

Mr. Peyton's language was forcible, pure and idiomatic. It 
served well the vehicle of his thoughts, but contributed nothing to 
them. There is a real and legitimate advantage belonging to the 
masterly use of words, of which many great speakers know well 
how to avail themselves. 

Mr. Peyton attempted nothing of the sort. His diction was 
thoroughly English, with a marked preference for the Anglo-Saxon 
branch of the language, and his sentences came out in the most 
natural order with unusual clearness and vigor, but not unfrequently 
with a plainness that bordered upon homeliness. His style, how- 
ever, was always that of speaking as distinguished from mere con- 
versation — a distinction which some of our modern speakers forget, 
when in order to appear at their ease, they treat with no little dis- 
regard not only the rules of rhetoric, but the rules of grammar as 
well, and use words and phrases which are (to take a word from 
the vocabulary we are condemning) nothing better than slang. 
On the contrary, there was in Mr. Peyton's style the fruit of 
early studies and high-bred association, a classical tinge, extreme- 
ly pleasant to the scholar, though perhaps not appreciable by those 
for whom he generally spoke. It must not be supposed, from what 
has been said of his excellent method, that he resembled in this re- 
spect some of our able but greatly tedious lawyers, who take up in 
regular succession every possible point in the case, however minute, 
and worry us by officiously offering help where none is needed — so 
far from it he showed his consummate skill as well in what he omit- 
ted as in what he handled, and, as a general thing, his speeches were 
shorter in duration, and yet fuller of matter than those of his oppo- 
nent. His use of figurative language was easy and natural, and 
not stinted ; but his figures were always introduced as illustrations 
and not as arguments. It is not unusual to meet with a speaker who 
is unable to enounce distinctly the general principle he wishes to use, 
throw out an illustration to enable himself to pick out the principle 
from it, or sit least to give his hearers a chance to do it for them- 
selves ; not so with Mr. Peyton. He held up the torch of illustra- 
tion, not to throw a light forward to guide himself in his own in- 
vestigations, but to enable those following the more readily to tread 
the road along with him. He had a very noticeable fondness for 
recurring to the primary fundamental principles of morals, and 

1881.] Sketch of the lion. John Howe Peyton. 13 

doubtless he was restrained, by his practical judiciousness, from in- 
dulging this disposition to the full. One of his favorite books was 
Lord Bacon's Essays, and under other circumstances he might him- 
self have been a distinguished moral essayist. 

As may well be supposed, his general strain was grave. The 
high idea he entertained of the dignity of his profession, and the 
earnestness with which he gave himself to it, alike precluded either 
levity or carelessness. However, he was fully able, quite ready 
upon occasion, to avail himself of a keen wit, that was all the more 
effective because it was dry and sarcastic. It occurs to us to men- 
tion an instance well known to his circuit, not illustrative of his 
severity but his pleasantry. In a criminal prosecution, he, as prose- 
cuting attorney, was opposed by two gentlemen of ability, whose pa- 
thos had been so great as to draw abundant tears from their own eyes. 
One of them, a gentleman who lias since filled a distinguished na- 
tional position (Hon. Alexander II. II. Stuart, Secretary of the 
Interior of the United States, 1850—3), was noted for the facility 
with which he could cover over his brilliant eloquence with the 
liquid varnish of his tears. On this occasion he had been singularly 
lachrymose, and supported by his colleague in the same way, the 
sensation produced was very considerable. Mr. Peyton commenced 
his reply by regretting the disadvantage the commonwealth labored 
under in being represented by him who was a very poor hand at 
crying, and certainly was not able to cry against two at a time. 
The ludicrousness of the expression completely neutralized the pa- 
thos of his opponents. He was not averse either to a bit of farce 
now and then, as is shown by a story told of him. In a remote 
part of the circuit a lawyer wished to adorn a moving passage of a 
speech he was just rising to make, with an apposite example, and ap- 
plied to Mr. Peyton, setting beside of him, to help him to the name 
of the man in the Bible who would have his pound of flesh. With 
imperturbable gravity he answered Absalom I The effect of thus 
confounding Shakspeare and scripture may be imagined. 

We have said that Mr. Peyton was thoroughly furnished in every 
part of his profession ; in one department his qualifications were 
peculiar and unsurpassed. Without disparagement to others, it 
may be said, we think, that he was the best commonwealth's attor- 
ney in the state of Virginia. He was the lawyer of the common- 
wealth, and he treated the commonwealth as a client, and labored 
for her with the same industry, zeal and fidelity that he manifested 
in behalf of any other client. The oft-quoted merciful maxim of 
the common law, " better that ninety and nine guilty men should 
escape than one innocent man should suffer," he interpreted as a 
caution to respect the rights of the innocent, and not as an injunc- 
tion to clear the guilty, and he labored to reduce the percentage of 
rogues unwhipt of justice as low as possible. With a clearness and 
force rarely equalled would he point out the necessity of punishing 
vol. xxxv. 2* 

14 Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

the guilty in order that the innocent might be safe, thus exhibiting 
the absolute consistency of strict justice with true mercy. So sim- 
ply and earnestly would he do this, that he not only bound the con- 
sciences of the jury, but also made them feel that they were indi- 
vidually interested in the faithful execution of the laws. Here his 
clear perception of the moral principles upon which rests the penal 
code, and his fondness for recurring to general principles, stood him 
in great stead. It was delightful to hear him expatiate upon this 
theme, for upon no other was he more truly eloquent. 

Mr. Pevton served at different times in both branches of the lesf- 
islature, but we speak not of him as a politician. Our purpose has 
been solely to exhibit some of the qualities which made him an emi- 
nent member and ornament of the legal profession. 

To this sketch may appropriately be appended the leading inci- 
dents in the life of Mr. Peyton, and the views entertained of him 
by a few of his cotemporaries, who have reduced them to writing. 
He was born at Stony Hill, Stafford County, Virginia, April 3, 
1778. After having received the elements of education in Frede- 
ricksburg, he entered the University of New Jersey, Princeton, 
where he was graduated in 1797, and received from that insti- 
tution the degree of A.M. He returned to Virginia and studied 
law under Judge Bushrod Washington, of the Supreme Court 
of the United States. Though pursuing a laborious course of 
leiral reading, he continued to cultivate the taste for literature 
with which his parents had inspired him, and soon acquired the 
notice of the able and learned men of Fredericks burs: and Rich- 
mond by the extensive and varied knowledge he displayed in his 
conversation. In 1800 he commenced the practice of the law 
at Fredericksburg, and almost immediately obtained an oppor- 
tunity, in defence of a man charged with murder, of exhibiting 
his rare powers as an advocate. New opportunities for distin- 
guishing himself were soon offered, and in the course of two 
years he was in full practice and his services rewarded by a 
handsome income. In 1804 he married Susan, daughter of Wil- 
liam S. Madison, a niece of James Madison, D.D., Bishop of Vir- 
ginia, and cousin of James Madison, fourth President of the United 
States. In 1806 he was elected a member of the House of Dele- 
gates from his native county, and served until 1810 with distin- 
guished ability. He entered the legislature as the friend of James 
Madison, and advocated the foreign and domestic policy which after- 
wards guided Mr. Madison's administration as President of the 
United States. From the first he was regarded as a brilliant de- 
bater, and at the end of his first session it was the general opinion 
that he had no superior in the state as a parliamentary orator. Dur- 
ing his term of service he wrote and pressed to adoption a series of 
resolutions upon the attitude of the state of Pennsylvania with refer- 
ence to an amendment of the constitution of the United States pro- 

1881.] Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. 15 

viding a tribunal for settling disputes between the state and federal 
judiciary. " So able and important," says Judge John H. McCue, 
"were these resolutions, as to attract the attention of the leading 
statesmen of the nation, and to guide every other state in opposing 
the efforts of Pennsylvania. In the memorable discussion between 
Daniel Webster and Gen. Hayne of South Carolina, Mr. Webster, 
in his second speech in reply to Hayne, referred to and quoted Mr. 
Peyton's resolutions, and declared that they were so conclusive of 
the question as to admit of no further discussion." [See Webster's 
Works. Vol. III., pp. 352-54.] " Mr. Webster was so much im- 
pressed with Mr. Peyton's ability," continues Judge McCue, "that 
meeting Daniel Sheffey, long one of Virginia's representatives in 
congress, he asked, 

"Do you know Peyton, of Virginia, the author of the resolutions 
passed by your legislature in 1810, on the subject of the federal and 
state judiciary ? " 

"Yes," replied Sheffey, " he is the leader of my circuit." 

" I am not surprised to hear it," rejoined Mr. Webster. 

" No," said Sheffey, " he is a sound lawyer, who unites to vigor- 
ous judgment and sterling ability intense study and vast learning." 

"Is he a speaker?" inquired Mr. Webster. 

" Not in the popular sense," said Sheffey ; " he is not a florid 
speaker, indulges in no meretricious display of rhetoric, but tho- 
roughly armed in the strength of his knowledge, research and cul- 
tivated ability, without effort he possesses gigantic power, and by 
it has risen to the head of the profession. And he is not only a 
great, but a good man." 

" It is a misfortune that such a man had not been sent to Wash- 
ington long ago," said Mr. W. ; " he would have maintained Vir- 
ginia's intellectual supremacy and by his sound statesmanship have 
enhanced her influence." 

In 1809-10 Mr. Peyton removed from Fredericksburg to Staun- 
ton, owing to protracted ill health (he had suffered for years with 
chronic dysentery) , and to accept the responsible office of Public 
Prosecutor in the Augusta, Albemarle and Rockbridge district. The 
late Judge Archibald Stuart met Mr. Peyton in Richmond in 1809, 
and was so much struck with his energy and ability, that he not 
only tendered this appointment to him, but persistently urged its 
acceptance. For over thirty years Mr. Peyton discharged the duties 
of this office, and one of his biographers, a former member of the 
Virginia bar, says that " his fame as a prosecutor of the pleas of 
the commonwealth has never been surpassed, if equalled, in Vir- 
ginia. On this field he achieved triumphs of the most brilliant 
kind." This writer continues : 

His pride in his profession, and the great principles of right and justice 
underlying it, no less than his inborn contempt for chicanery and fraud, not 
to speak of crime in its grosser forms, combined to make him a " terror to 

16 Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

evil doers." Some critics, even among the profession, sometimes were dis- 
posed to censure him as too harsh and unrelenting towards the prisoner at 
the bar. But if every circuit throughout our land possessed at this day so 
able, fearless and conscientious a prosecutor as did the Augusta and the sur- 
rounding circuit at that happier day in our history, perhaps we might find 
less cause to deplore the depravation of the public morals which so painfully 
marks the present era. 

It would be a halting and very defective sketch of this eminent jurist 
which failed to speak of his striking originality. Negatively speaking, 
there was little or no common-place and hum-drum in his forensic argu- 
ments, his debates in the senate, or his addresses from the hustings to his 
constituents. In a positive sense his speeches, at least on great occasions 
and when his powers were thoroughly roused, rarely failed to be marked 
by some flash of genius. I recall a conversation just after the close of a 
protracted and laborious June term of the Augusta Circuit Court, in which 
the late Judge Lucas P. Thompson and Gen. Briscoe G. Baldwin bore the 
leading parts. The last named was paying generous tribute to Peyton's 
force .and originality. Judge Thompson remarked iu substance that he had 
never seen Mr. Peyton go through a cause deeply interesting and moving 
him in which he did not utter some view or sentiment illuminated by geni- 
us, or, at the least, some illustration marked by a bold originality ; and he 
instanced two causes tried at the late term — one a civil suit and a very 
heavy will case, in which he made a novel and scorching application of a 
familiar fable of iEsop. I forbear to give its details, because both the critic 
and his subject have passed from earth. 

In the same cause three signatures were to be identified and proved — 
that of the testator and also of the two attending witnesses — all three hav- 
ing died since their attestation. Many witnesses were called to prove the 
genuineness of the three names. Opposing counsel sought to badger the 
witnesses by urging them to specify what peculiar marks there were in the 
handwriting and signatures, whereby they could speak so positively as to 
their identity and genuineness. This of course, for the most part, they 
could not do, and in the argument of the cause before the jury, the same 
counsel strove to throw discredit and contempt upon those witnesses (all men 
of good character) for their failure and inability so to describe the quality and 
peculiar marks in the calligraphy of the signers as to show they were famil- 
iar with their handwriting. In his reply to these sallies of his opponent, Mr. 
Peyton swept away the whole airy fabric by a single happy illustration. 
" Gentlemen," he said, " you have often been assembled in crowds upon 
some public or festive occasion. Your hats have been thrown pell-mell in 
mass with perhaps a hundred other hats, all having a general resemblance. 
Suppose you had attempted to describe your hat to a friend or servant, so 
that he might go and pick it out for you. It has as many points for accu- 
rate description as a written signature — its color, height of crown, width of 
brim, lining, &c. Do you think that friend or servant could by any possi- 
bility have picked out your hat for you? And yet when you went yourself, 
the moment your eye would light upon it you instantly recognize it amongst 
a hundred or five hundred other hats. Familiarity with it has stamped its 
picture on your mind, and the moment you see it the hat Jills and Jits the 
picture on your mind as perfectly as the same hat fits your head." The 
jury were evidently won and gave full credence to the ridiculed witnesses. 

The other instance during the same term (cited by Judge Thompson) 

occurred in the celebrated prosecution of Naaman Roberts for forgery 

in forging the name of Col. Adam Dickinson to a bond for $600. 

1881.] Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. 17 

The body of the bond was confessedly the handwriting of the prisoner at 
the bar. That was admitted. The signature was a tolerably successful 
attempt at imitating the peculiar handwriting of Adam Dickinson. But no 
expert could look at the whole paper and fail to see a general resemblance 
between the body of the instrument and the signature, raising a strong con- 
viction in the mind that both proceeded from the same hand. 

The defence strongly insisted upon excluding the body of the instrument 
from the view of the witness, by covering it with paper, or turning it down, 
and so confining the view to the signature only — upon the familiar doctrine 
of the law of evidence forbidding a comparison of the various handwritings 
of the party, as a ground for an opinion upon the identity or genuineness 
of the disputed writing. And this point was ably and elaborately argued 
by the prisoner's counsel. 

The learned prosecutor met it thus : 

" Gentlemen, this is one entire instrument, not two or more brought into 
comparison. Let me ask each one of you when you meet your friend, or 
when you meet a stranger, in seeking to identify him, what do you look at? 
Not his nose, though that is the most prominent feature of the human face 
— not at his mouth, his chin, his cheek ; no, you look him straight in the 
eye, so aptly called ' the window of the soul.' You look him in the eye, 
but at the same time you see his whole face. Now put a mask on that face, 
leaving only the eyes visible, as the learned counsel would have you mask 
the face of this bond, leaving you to view only the fatal signature. If that 
human face so masked was the face of your bosom friend, could you for a 
moment identify him, even though permitted to look in at those windows of 
his soul ? No, he would be as strange to you as this accursed bond has 
ever been strange to that worthy gentleman, Col. Adam Dickinson, but a 
glance at whose face traces the guilty authorship direct to the prisoner at 
the bar." 

This most striking illustration seemed to thrill the whole audience, as it 
virtually carried the jury. 

Mr. Peyton never was a politician. His taste and predilection lay not 
in that direction. But no man was better informed of the course of pub- 
lic affairs, nor had a keener insight into the character or motives of public 
men. Once, and so far as I knew once only, did he participate in the de- 
bates of a Presidential canvass. It was the memorable one of 1840 ; and 
the speech was delivered from the Albemarle hustings. His analysis of the 
political character of Martin Van Buren, and his delineation of his public 
career from his desertion of De Witt Clinton down to his obsequious ingra- 
tiation with Andrew Jackson, was incisive and masterly, and all the more 
powerful and impressive because pronounced in a judicial rather than a par- 
tisan temper. Competent judges, long familiar with the very able ha- 
rangues and debates on that rostrum, declared it one of the ablest that had 
been listened to by any Albemarle audience. 

Of his services in the Virginia Senate, I need only say, what every one 
would naturally expect, they were most valuable from that enlightened con- 
servatism in the prevention of crude and vicious legislation. In the last 
session of his first term in the senate a vigorous effort was made for the 
passage of a stay-law rather than an increase of taxation. 

It hardly needs to be said that he opposed the former and sustained the 
latter measure with all the vigor of his honest and manly nature. Nor could 
he ever have looked with any patience upon that brood of enactments since 

18 Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

his clay— the stay of executions, homestead exemptions, limitations upon sales 
of property, et id omne genus, professedly passed in the interest of the poor 
and the laboring man, yet in fact more detrimental to that class than to any 
other, and most damaging to the credit of the state abroad. 

Let me say in conclusion that the person and figure of Mr. Peyton were 
fine and commanding. His carriage was always erect, his head well poised 
on his shoulders, while his ample chest gave token of great vitality. On 
rising to address court or jury, there was something more than commonly 
impressive in his personal presence, and whether clad in " Virginia home- 
spun " or English blue broadcloth with gold buttons (and I have often seen 
him in both), whenever you saw him button his coat across his breast and 
slowly raise his spectacles to rest them on the lofty crown, you might con- 
fidently expect an intellectual treat of no mean order. 

There never was a broader contrast presented in the same person than 
that between Howe Peyton the lawyer, the Public Prosecutor, or even the 
senatorial candidate amongst the people, and the same individual in his own 
home. Here, in the midst of his family, or surrounded by friends, all the 
rigor of his manner relaxed, and he was the model of an affectionate hus- 
band and father, and the most genial of companions. He was "given to 
hospitality," and there was perhaps no mansion in all this favored region 
where it was more generously and elegantly dispensed, through many years, 
than at " Montgomery Hall." 

In the war of 1812—15 he served with distinction as major on 
the staff of Gen. Robert Porterfield, and on his return was chosen 
mayor of the city of Staunton, and served till 1817. 

From the close of the war he gave his entire energies to the pro- 
fession. During this time the distinguishing peculiarities of his 
intellect made themselves more manifest. It was observed that 
in all of his investigations his philosophical mind rose above the 
technicalities of the system of common law to the consideration of 
general principles, and he was never more eloquent than when ex- 
patiating upon those principles which lie at the foundation of all 
duty, and are equally applicable to all its forms. 

In 1822 Mr. Peyton married his second wife, Ann Montgomery, 
daughter of Col. John Lewis, of the Sweet Springs, by his wife 
Mary, a daughter of Col. William Preston, of Smithfield. To her 
warm affection, which was displayed in the care of his only son 
and child by his first marriage, William Madison Peyton, and as 
the companion of his long life and the mother of a rising family, he 
owed for many years that domestic happiness which was the chief 
solace of his life, and from which he allowed no public honors 
wholly to withdraw him. 

In 1836 he was elected state senator for the Augusta and Rock- 
bridge district, and served after a second election till 1845, when he 
resigned the position on account of his declining health. 

He addressed the following letter to his constituents on this 
occasion : 

1881.] Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. 19 

Fellow Citizens: — The terra for which I was elected your senator is 
drawing to a close, and as it is not my intention to become again a candidate 
for your suffrages, I feel it a duty incumbent on me to apprize you of it 
thus early, that you may have full time to select for yourselves a suitable 

In taking leave of the district I tender you my grateful acknowledg- 
ments for the distinguished honor which you conferred upon me four years 
ago by electing me to the station I now occupy. Whilst acting in the dis- 
charge of the duties devolved upon me by this elevated trust, it has been 
my anxious desire to promote your immediate interests and the general 
welfare of my native state. That such is the opinion of my constituents I 
have nol had the slightest reason to doubt. Under such circumstances it 
would be both my pride and pleasure to again serve you were it not for 
my peculiar situation. 

I have now arrived at that period of life when the quiet and repose of 
the domestic fireside are much better suited to my taste and more conge- 
nial to my feelings than the arena of politics and the strife of parties. Be- 
sides this I have duties to discharge to a young and growing family incom- 
patible with a longer continuance in public life. 

I have felt the less difficulty in coming to this conclusion because I know 
that I can do so without injury to the whig canst; or whig principles, in the 
success of which the people of my district feel so deep an interest. Their 
intelligence furnishes ample assurance that my place will be fdled wisely 
and judiciously ; and that they will call into their service some one fully 
competent to the discharge of all the high duties of the station, and who 
will devote himself to the furtherance of those great principles and sound 
measures of public policy which in the enlightened judgment of my con- 
stituents lie at the basis of all national prosperity. 

Your fellow citizen, 

John H. Peyton. 

Tbc Richmond papers and tbose of the state generally expressed 
their great regrets at bis retirement ; the "Whig" of Richmond re- 
marking " that not only the people of his district but of Virginia gen- 
rally would see with profound regret Mr. Peyton's purpose to retire 
from the public councils." " The abstraction," continued the Whig, 
"of his great abilities, large experience, legal and general know- 
ledge, moderation, firmness and courtesy, from any legislative body, 
would be seriously felt ; and where can there be found a man worthy 
to be his successor ? " Notwithstanding his declining to be a candi- 
date, the people of the district, unwilling to lose his services, in- 
sisted upon his consenting to serve again, and three candidates who 
had announced themselves, learning that if returned he would serve, 
withdrew from the canvas, and Mr. Peyton was elected without op- 
position. During this term he was prostrated by an attack of paraly- 
sis, and resigned his position as soon as he had sufficiently recovered 
from it to understand its serious nature. 

In 1840 he was one of the Board of Visitors to the U. S. Mili- 
tary Academy at West Point, and wrote the able and instructive 
report of the board for that year. He had previously served on 

20 Sketch of the Hon. John Howe Peyton. [Jan. 

several boards, and was for over ten years President of the Court 
of Directors of the Western Virginia Asylum. 

On the first of June, 1844, he resigned the office of attorney for 
the commonwealth for the county of Augusta, when this order was 
made by the Court : 

Augusta County Court, 
First day of the June Term, 1844. 

John Howe Peyton, Esq., who has acted as Commonwealth's Attorney 
in this County for thirty-two years, having this day resigned said office, the 
justices of the County in full session at their June term, do with unanimous 
consent express their high sense of Mr. Peyton's long and valuable ser- 
vices. They add a willing testimony to the distinguished ability, fidelity 
and zeal with which he has guarded the interest of the Commonwealth 
within the limits of the County, to his impartiality, prudence and firmness 
as a Public Prosecutor, and the commendable courtesy which has marked 
his intercourse with the Court, as becoming a public officer and a represen- 
tative of the Commonwealth. 

And it is the order of the Court that this testimonial, as an additional 
tribute of respect, be spread upon the records. 

Immediately after his resignation he was sworn on the commis- 
sion of the peace, but never took part in the proceedings of the court. 
He retired to his estate of Montgomery Hall, Augusta county, Va., 
and died there on the 27th of April, 1847. It may be truly said of 
him that there was no one in his public or private relations who 
was more loved, more honored, or more mourned by those who 
knew him best. 

He left by his first marriage an only child, the late Col. William 
Madison Peyton, of Roanoke, a man eminent for his talents and 
acquirements, who served the state with great advantage to the 
public as delegate in the legislature, as state proxy in the James 
River and Kenawha Company, and in other stations. 

By his second marriage he left two sons and eight daughters, who 
have married into the leading families of Virginia. His elder son 
by his second marriage is Col. John Lewis Peyton, ex-Confederate 
States Commissioner to England,* author of " The American 
Crisis , or pages from the note-booh of a State Agent during the 
Civil War in America ,*" " Over the Alleghanies and across the 
Prairies ," &c. ; and other popular works. 

* The lute W. Hepworth Dixon, author of " New America," etc., and long editor of the 
Athe?iceum, said of Col. J. Lewis Peyton, that " he was the ablest of the able men sent by 
the South to represent its cause in Europe, and though unrecognized by the British gov- 
ernment, he rendered unofficially signal service to his country." Col. Peyton lingered in 
England many years after the war, cheered by the respectful consideration and friendly 
esteem extended towards him by all classes, particularly persons of literature and science, 
and his departure for America was regretted as a general loss to society. 

1881.] Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. 21 



Transcribed by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

A recorcle of such as adjoyned themselves vnto the 

fellowship of this Church of Christ at 

Roxborough : as also of such children 

as they had when they joyned, & of 

such as were borne vnto them 

vnder the holy Covenant of 

this Church, who are 

most pperly the 

seede of this 


he came in the first m r William Pinchon,* he was chosen an Assistant yearely 
h^waTone of the so long as he lived among vs: his wife dyed soone after 
first foundation he landed at N. En^: he brought 4 children to N.E. Ann, 

of tne cliurcli at 

Kocksbrough. Mary, John, Margret. After some years he married 

m ns Francis Samford, a grave matron of the church at 
Dorchester. "When so many removed fro these parts to Plant Conecicot 
riv r he also w th oth r company went thith r , & planted at a place called Aga- 
wam. & was recomended to the church at Windsor on Conecticott, vntill 
such time as it should please God to pvide y* they might enter into church 
estate among themselves, his daughter Ann: was married to m r Smith, 
sohe to m r Samford by a former husband, he was a Godly, wise young 
man, & removed to Agawam w th his parents, his daughter mary was mar- 
ried to m r Hollioke, the sohe of m r Hollioke of Linn : m r Pinchons ancient 

Afterwards he wrote a Dialogue concerning Justification, w ch was Print- 
ed anno 1650, stiled The meritorious price, a book full of error & weaken 8 , 
& some heresies w ch the Generall Court of y e Massachusetts Condemned to 
be burnt & appointed m r John Norton then Teacher at Ipswich to confute 
y e errors contained therein. 

M r Thomas Welde 

William Dennison, he brought 3 children to N.E. all sons ; Daniel, Ed- 
ward, & George : Daniel married at Newtowne, & was joyned to the church 
there he afterwards removed to the church at Ipswich. [The rest of the 
paragraph has been cut out by some mutilator. See Register, xxxiii. 
238, and note.] 

Thomas Lambe, he came into this land in the yeare 1630 he brought 
his wife & 2 Children Thomas & John : Samuel his 3 d son was borne about 
the 8 th month of the same yeare 1630 & baptized in the church at Dor- 
chester. Abel his 4 th son was borne about the 6 th month 1633. in Rocks- 
bury. Decline his first daughter was borne in the 2 d mouth 1637. Benja- 
min his 6* child was borne about the 8 th month 1639 of w ch child his wife 
died & the child lived but few hours. 

* See Memoir of William Ptnchon, by the late Charles Stearns, of Springfield, 
Mass., Register, xiii. 289-95. 


22 Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. [Jan. 

He afterwards married Dorothy Harbitle a godly maide a sister of o r 
church : Caleb his first borne by her, & his 7 th child was borne about the 
midle of the 2 d month 1641. 

Samuell Wakeman. he came to N.E. in the 9 th month. 1631. he buryed 
his only child at sea : he was one of the first foundation of the church at 
Rocksbry Elizabeth his first borne here was borne about in the yeare. 

William Parke, he came to N.E. in the 12 th month, 1630. a single man, & 
was one of the first in the church at Rocksbrough : he afterwards married 
Martha Holgrave, the daughter of Holgrave of Sale, he married the 


Thomas Rawlings. he brought 5 children to this Land. Thomas, mary. 
Joane. Nathaniell. John, he came w th the first company : 1630 
Robert Cole, he came w th the first company. 1630. 
John Johnson 
Robert Gamlin senio r . 

Richard Lyman, he came to N.E. in the 9* month, 1631. he brought 
children : Phillis. Richard Sarah. John, he was an ancient christian, 
but weake, yet after some time of tryal & quickening he joyned to the 
church ; w n the great removall was made to Conecticot he also went, & 
vnderwent much affliction, for goeing toward winter, his catle were lost 
in driving, & some never found againe ; & the winter being could & ill 
pvided, he was sick and melancholly, yet after he had some revivings 
through Gods mercy, and dyed in the yeare 1640. 

Jehu Bur. 

William Chase, he came w th the first company, 1630 he brought one child 
his son willia. a child of ill qualitys, & a sore affliction to his parents: he was 
much afflicted by the long & tedious affliction of his wife ; after his wives 
recovery she bare him a daughter, w ch they named mary borne aboute the 
midle of the 3 d month. 1637. he did after y* remove intending to Situate, 
but after went w th a company who maide a new plantation at yarmouth 

Richard Bugby. 

Gregorie Baxter. 

Francis Smith. 

John Perrie. 

John Leavens he arrived at N.E. in the yeare 1632. his wife lay bed- 
rid divers years, after she dyed he maried Rachel write a Godly maide a 
memb r of o r church : John, his first borne, was borne the last of the second 
month ano. 1640. 

M ris Margaret Welde the wife of m r Thomas Weld. 
Sarah Lyman, the wife of Richard Lyman. 
Elizabeth Lambe the wife of Thomas Lambe. 
M r Richard Dumer. 
William Talmage. 

John Carman, he came to N.E. in the yeare 1631. he brought no 
child r — : his first borne John was borne the 8* of the 5* month 1633. his 
daughter Abigail was borne on the 5* month ; 1635. his 3 d child Caleb was 
borne in the first of the first month : 1639. 

Elizabeth Wakeman, the wife of Samuell Wakeman. 

1881.] Rev. John ElioCs Record of Church Members. 23 

Bur. the wife of Jehu Bur. 

Thomas Woodforde. a man servant, he came to. N.E. in the yeare. 1632. 
& was joyned to the church about halfe a yeare after, he afterwards maryed 
mary Blott. & removed to Conecticott, & joyned to the church at Hartford. 

Marjery Hamond a maide servant, she came to N.E. in the yeare 1632 
& about halfe a yeare after was joyned to the church : & after some years 
she was married to John Ruggls, of this church: 

Mary Chase, the wife of William Chase, she had a paralitik humor 
w ch fell into her back bone 90 \ ' ->li<' could not stir her body, but as she 
was lifted, and filled her w th great torture, & caused her back bone to goe 
out of joynt, & bunch out from the begin ing to the end of w ch infirmity she 
lay 4 years & a halfe, & a great pt of the time a sad spectakle of misery: 
But it pleasd God to raise her againe, & she bore children after it 

John Cosgshal] 

Mary Coffffshall, the wife of John Coggshall. 

John Watson 

Margret Dennison, the wife of Willia Dennison, It pleased God to 
work vpon her heart & change it in her ancient years, after she came to this 
Land; & joyned to the church in the yeare. 1G.'>2. 

Mary Cole, the wife of Robert Cole. God also wrought vpon her heart 
(as it was hoped after her coming to. N.E. but after her husbands excom- 
munication, & falls she did too much favor his ways, yet not as to incur 
any just blame, she lived an aflicted life, by reason of his vnsetlednesse & 
removing fro place to place. 

William Heath, he came to this Land, in the yeare. 1632. & soone after 
joyned to the church, he brought 5 children. Mary. Isaak. Mary. Peleg. 
Han ah. 

Mary Heath the wife of Willia Heath. 

William Curtis he came to this Land in the yeare. 1632. & soone after 
joyned to the church, he brought -1 children w tb him. Thomas. Mary. John. 
Phillip. & his eldest son Willia, came the yeare before, he was a hopefull 
scholler, but God tooke him in the end of the yeare. 1634. 

Sarah Curtis, the wife of Willia Curtis* 

Thomas Offitt. t 

[Isabel] Offitt the wife of Thomas Offitt. 

Isaak Morrell 

[Sarah] Morrel the wife of Isaak Morrel. 

Daniell Brewer 

[Joanna ?] Brewer the wife of Daniell Brewer. 

Griffith Crofts 

[Alice ?] Crofts, the wife of Griffith Crofts. 

Mary Rawlings, the wife of Thomas Rawlings. she lived a godly life, & 

* Sec Register, xxviii. 145. 

f He removed with William Pynchon to Springfield in 163o. His name is there written 
UfFord. Sec " Articles of Agreement " (Register, xiii. 295-97) , dated Springfield, May 16, 
1636, to which the names of William Pvnchon, Math. Mitchell, Thomas Vfford. Henry 
Smith, Jelme Burr, John Cabel, William' Blake and Edmund Wood are appended in lac- 
simile. Vfford and Burr made their marks. T * 

24 Rev. John Uliofs Record of Church Members. [Jan. 

went through w th weaknesse of body, & after some years, when her husband 
was removed to sittuate, she dyed, about the yeare. 1639. 
Thomas Gouldthwaight. 

M r John Eliot; he came to. N.E. in the 9* month. 1631. he left his in- 
tended wife in England, to come the next yeare ; he adjoyned to the Church 
at Boston, & there exercized in the absens of m r wilson the Pastor of y* 
church, who was gone back to England, for his wife, & family, the next 
sumer m r wilson returned, & by y* time the church at Boston was intended 
to call him to office ; his freinds w r come & setled at Rocksbrough, to whom 
he was fore ingaiged, y* if he were not called to office before they came, he 
was to join w th them, wherevpon the church at Rocksbrough called him to 
be Teacher, in the end of y* sumer & soone after he was ordained to y* office 
in the church. Also his wife came along w th the rest of his freinds the 
same time, & soone after theire coming, they were married, viz in the 8' 
month, 1632. Hanah. his first borne daughter, was borne, the 17 day of 
the 7 l month ano. 1633. John his first borne son, was borne in the 31 day 
of the 6* month, ano. 1636. Joseph his 2 (1 sone was borne in the 20 th day 
of the 10 th month, ano: 1638. Samuel his 3 d soiie. was borne the 22 d day 
of the 4*. month, aflo: 1611. Aaron his 4 l sonne was borne the. 19. of the 
12*. ano 1643. Benjamin his 5* sonne was borne the 29 of the 11*. 1646. 

M ris Ann Eliot, the wife of m r John Eliot. 

m r George Alcock, he came w th the first company ano. 1630. he left his 
only son in England, his wife dyed soone after he came to this land, when 
the people of Rocksbrough joyned to the church at Dorchester (vntill such 
time as God should give them oportunity to be a church among themselves) 
he was by the church chosen to be a Deakon. esp'c to regard the brethren 
at Rocksbrough : And after he adjoyned himselfe to this church at Rocks- 
brough, he was ordained a Deakon of this church : he maide two voy- 
ages to England vpon just calling therevuto ; wherein he had much 
experiens of Gods p r servation & blessing, he brought over his son John 
Alcock. he also brought over a wife by whom he had his 2 d son Samuel 
borne in the year. he lived in a good. & godly sort, & dyed in the end 
of the 10 th month aiio. 1640. & left a good savor behind him ; the Pore of 
the church much bewailing his losse. 

Valentine Prentise. he came to this land in the yeare. 1631. & joyned 
to the church in the yeare 1632. he brought but one child to the Land, 
his son John. & buryed anoth r at sea : he lived a godly life, & went through 
much affliction by bodyly infirmity. & died leaving a good sav' of godlyness 
behind him. 

Allice Prentise the wife of Valentine Prentise after her husbands death, 
she was married to John watson of this church. 

Abraham Pratt. 

Johannah Pratt, the wife of Abraha Pratt. 

m ns Francis Pinchon the wife of m r willia, Pinchon ; she was a widdow, 
a matron of the church at Dorchester. w r m r Pinchon married her. she 
came w th the first company, aiio. 1630. 

1881.] Longmeadow Families. 25 


Communicated by WiLLABO S. Allen, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from vol. xxxiv. p. 389.] 

4th Generation. Caleb Cooley, boo of Joseph and Margaret, was mar- 
ried to Ann Chirk, Feb. 7, L745. She died. Caleb was married ao-ain, 
Jan. 2, 1752, to Mary Burt, the daughter of Capt. John and Mary Burt of 

Fan. ^, not, 10 mary nurt, me uangnier oi ^apt. jonn ana luary Burt of 
Springfield. Their children — Ann, born Oct. 22, 1 752, died Aug. 23, 1831. 
Daleb, born Aug. 6, 175 1, died Feb. 1 1, 1785. Seth, born June 14, 1757, 
lied Nov. 2, 17(53. John, born Oct. 31, 1761, died Oct. 3, 1827. Henry 

2, 1841. Ann was married to Oliver 
Phelps, of Hadleigh. 

born Jan. 27, 17G5, lived at Salmi. N. Y. Clarinda, b. July 1, 1771, d. May 

Field, Nov. 4, 1773. Caleb married 
Hadleigh. Clarinda was married to Oliver Blanchard (who 
was bom March 23, 1769) .March 23,1794. Caleb the father died May 
16, 1793. Oliver Blanchard died Oct. 31, 1808, and his widow Clarinda 
was married Sept 24, L809, to Dr. Oliver Bliss, son of Aaron and Miriam 
Bliss. John, see p. 104. 

[I } <ige 100.] 4th Generation. Roger Cooley, son of Jonathan and Jo- 
anna, was married Aug. 4, 1748, to Mary Stebbins. Their children — 
Mary, born May 1G, L749, died Aug. 18, 1758. Jonathan, born Jan. 25, 
1750. Joanna, born April 20, 175;;. Persia, born Nov. 10,1755, died 
Aug. 5, 1758. Ilulda, born March 24, 1758. Roger, born Sept. 3, 1760. 
Alexander, born Jan. 4, 1763. Festus, born Oct. 4, 17G5. Mary, born 
Aug. 30, 1767. Persis, born June 8, 1769. Roger Cooley with his fami- 
ly removed to that part of West Springfield called Paugatuck. 

4th Generation. George Coltou Cooley, son of Jonathan and Joanna 
Cooley, was married to Mabel Hancock, daughter of John and Anna Han- 
cock, Jan. 12, 1749. Their children — Mabel, born May 16, 1749, died 
Oct. 27, 1781. Abner, bom Aug. 20, 1751, died Jan. 21, 1752. Abner, 
born Jan. 22, 1753, died March 7, 1776. Dinah and Lucy, born March 22, 
1755. Lucy died Nov. 7, 175G. George, born Oct. 15, 1756. Dinah, 

born Aug. 26, 1759, died July 20, 1760. Submit, born 8, 1761, died 

May 9, 1761. Lucy, born June 9, 1762. Jonathan, born June 10, 1764, 
drowned in the river Feb. 10, 1798. Noah, born Jan. 27, 1766. Eunice, 
born Dec. 15, 1769. Ezekiel, born Nov. 28, 1772. Mabel was married 
Feb. 13, 1772, to John Burt, of Springfield. Lucy was married to Na- 
thaniel Chapman July 24, 1780. George was married to Penelope Rum- 
rill, June 24, 1779. Jonathan married Stebbins, daughter of Ebene- 

zer Stebbins, of Springfield, and died without issue, being drowned in Con- 
necticut river. George the father died by the small-pox which he had by 
inoculation, June 6, 1778. Mabel the mother was married again, Nov. 29, 
1797, to Capt. Joseph Ferry, of Springfield, and died Dec. 28, 1806. Eu- 
nice was married to Hanan Colton, son of Gideon and Joanna Colton, 
June 1788. 

[Page 101.] 4th Generatian. Jabez Cooley, son of Jonathan and Jo- 
anna (page 95), was married to Abigail Hancock, Oct. 19, 1752. Their 
children — Asaliel, born April 5, 1753. Reuben, born Sept. 24, 1754. 
Uriel, born Aug. 25, 1756. Dinah, born Aug. 29, 1758. Bathshua, born 
March 11, 1761. Abigail, born Nov. 4, 1762. Reuben, born January 
vol. xxxv. 3* 

26 Long7neadow Families, [Jan. 

6, 1765. Bathsheba, born Jan. 23, 1767. Heman, born Nov. 1, 1768. 
Beulab, born April 3, 1772. Asenath, born June 21, 1773. Jabez, born 
March 10, 1775. Jabez Cooley the father settled in that part of Spring- 
field called Skipmuck, where his children were born. 

4th Generation. Stephen Cooley, son of Jonathan and Joanna, was 
married to Mary Field, date of their publishment Sept. 26, 1753. Their 
children — Stephen, born Feb. 14, 1754, died Aug. 18, 1754. Stephen, 
born March 27, 1755, died June 9, 1830, age 75. Abigail, born April 19, 
1757, died April 9, 1826, age 67. Joanna, born July 20, 1759. Luther, 
born March 16, 1761. Gideon, born Jan. 31, 1763, died Nov. 21, 1838, 
age 76. Calvin, born Feb. 16, 1765, died Feb. 19, 1846. Ithamar, 

born , died Feb. 15, 1767. Ithamar, born Aug. 10, 1768. Mary, 

born July 18, 1770, died June 24, 1814. Hanan, born July 18, 1773. 
Mary the mother died April 3, 1782. Eunice Jennings died March 5, 1823. 
Stephen the father married again, April 26, 1785, to the widow Eunice 
Jennings, of Ludlow. He died Jan. 7, 1787, age do. Abigail was married 
to Noah Bliss, Feb. 11, 1784. Joanna was married to Er Taylor, April 
13, 1784. Mary was married to Moses Taylor. The sons, see 106 and 107. 

[Page 102.] 4th Generation. Eliakim Cooley, son of Eliakim and 
Griswold, was married Nov. 7, 1734, to Mary Ashley. He settled in West 
Springfield. Their children — Elakim. Gideon, born March 15, 1739. Jus- 
tin, born Jan. 25, 1741, died Dec. 12, 1760. Martha, born May 12, 1743. 
Solomon, born June 22, 1745, died Sept. 2, 1746. Keziah, born May 5, 
1750. Solomon, born Jan. 24, 1753. Charles, born Sept. 15, 17-55. 
Thankful, born Feb. 17, 1760. 

4th Generation. Josiah Cooley, son of Eliakim and Griswold, was mar- 
ried to Experience Hale, daughter of Thomas and Experience Hale, Jan. 
3, 1739. Their children — Experience, born June 8, 1739, died June 18, 
1771. Hannah, born Oct. 1, 1742, died Sept. 23, 1820. Eleanor, born 
July 10, 1745, died Oct. 21, 1777. Sabinah, born Feb. 26, 1747, died 
Dec. 12, 1823. Josiah, born Nov. 30, 1749, died Feb. 13, 1824, age 74. 
Rebecca, born July 31, 1752, died Jan. 21, 1775. Simeon, born May 18, 
1755, did Nov. 12, 1757. Experience was married to Ebenezer Spencer, 
of Somers, March 27, 1766. Hannah was married to Jonathan Burt, Aug. 
20, 1761. Eleanor was married to Ebenezer Rumrill, Dec. 1, 1767. Sabi- 
na was married to Samuel Keep, June 4, 1767. Josiah the father died 
Sept. 7, 1778, in his 62d year. Experience the mother died Oct. 31, 1798, 
aged 84. The family of Josiah, see page 108. 

4th Generation. Hezekiah Cooley, son of Eliakim and Griswold, was 
married to Charity Clark, of Lebanon, Conn., date of their publishment 
Jan. 11, 1752. Their children — Charity, born June 15, 1753, died Aug. 
26,1763. Clark, born Sept. 6, 1754, died Nov. 2, 1757. Rubie, born 
Aug. 19, 1757. Charity, born Oct. 6, 1759, died Feb. 3, 1775. Esther, born 
Dec. 19, 1760, died April 9, 1777. Flavia, born Jan. 26, 1763. Heze- 
kiah, born March 11, 1765. Clark, born Oct. 1, 1769. Rubie was mar- 
ried to Robert Pease, of Somers, March 6, 1776. Flavia was married to 
Joseph W. Cooley, April, 1787. Clark was married to Lovina Billings, 
July 6, 1791. Hezekiah the father died March 27, 1796, aged 76. Cha- 
rity the mother drowned herself in a well, Sept. 23, 1808. 

[Page 103.] 4th Generation. Capt. Luke Cooley, son of Eliakim and 
Griswold Cooley, was married Jan. 8, 1739, to Elizabeth Colton, dauohter 
of Thomas and Joanna Colton. They settled in Somers, and died in that 
town. Their children — Solomon, born , died Oct. 3, 1741. Lois, born 

1881.] Longmeadow Families. 27 
. Eunice, born Nov. 6, 17 12. Joanna — Nathan — Elizabeth. Lovice 

Lucy — Luke — Dinah. Capt. Luke Cooley the father died Jan. 1, 1777. 
Elizabeth the mother died Aug. 8, 1777. Lois was married to Nathaniel 
Sikes, of Monson. Eunice was married to John Billings. Joanna was 
married to Levi Brace. Lovice was married to John Russell. Lucy was 
married to Stephen Jones. Dinah was married to Aaron Howard. 

4th Generation. Israel Cooley, son of Samuel and Mary Cooley, was 
married April 9, 1735, to Deborah Leonard. Their children — Joel, born 
July 11, 1735. Deborah, born Aug. 11), 1738, died Sept. 4, 1746. Jonah, 
born Nov. 5, 1741. Israel the father died Dec. 22, 1775. Deborah the 
mother died Jan. 3, 1781. The families of Jonah and Joel may be seen 
hereafter, page 108. Israel the father died 

4th Generation. Samuel Cooley, son of Samuel and Mary Cooley, was 
married to Patience Macranny, date of their publishment June 19, 1741. 
Their children— Samuel, born Aug. 28', 1742. Isaac, born May 30, 1745. 
Samuel the father died April 10, 1710. Patience the mother was married 
again to Thomas Killom, of West Springfield, Aug. 24, 1749. Samuel's 
family, see page 109. [saac was married to Eunice Bedortha, July 2, 1767. 
They settled in West Springfield. 

[Page 104.] 4th Generation. Eli Cooley, son of John and Mercy 
Cooley, was married Oct. 20, 1757, to Mary Phips, of Cambridge, Mass. 
Their children — Thomas and Lienor, born June 28. 1758. Mercy, born 
Nov. 13, L760. Lienor, born May 20, L762, died Dec. 20, 1844. John, 
born Feb. 18, 1764, died Jan. 29, 1835. Thomas, born July 15, 1767. 
Mary the mother died Aug. 11. 1767. Eli Cooley the father was married 
again May 12, 1774, to Rebecca Bliss, daughter of Ebenezer and Joanna 
Bliss. She died without issue. Oct. 3, 1 7^7. Eli Cooley was married again 
179G, to Polly Cross, of Ellington. He died Jan. 29, 1806, in his 80th 
year. Mercy was married to Richard Woolworth, May 24, 1780. Elenor 
was married to Dennis Crane. He being absent some years, she was mar- 
ried to George Colton, March 9, 1796. The family of John, see page 109. 

5th Generation. John Cooley. son of Caleb and Mary, was married to 
Sabrea Hitchcock, daughter of Stephen Hitchcock, of Springfield, March 2, 
1797. He died Oct. 3, 1827. age 66. She died Dec. 19, 1841, age 71. 
Their children— John, born Dec. 9, 1800. Clarinda, born Jan. 1,1805, 
married Joseph Evarts, Jan. 1, 1829. Oliver Blanchard, born Oct. 4, 1808. 
Mary Burt, born Oct. 10, 1814. A nameless child, born Oct. 6,1810. 
Sabra the mother died Dec. 19, 1841, age 71. 

[Vacant to page 106.] 5th Generation. Stephen Cooley, son of Ste- 
phen and Mary Cooley, was married to Mercy Stebbins, daughter of Ezra 
and Margaret Stebbins, Jan. 28, 1788. Their children— Stephen, born 
March 7, 1789, died June 28, 1826, at Rossville, Ohio. Judah, born April 
9, 1792. Noadiah, born Oct. 5, 1795, went away about 1836. Norman, 
born Jan. 3, 1800, lived in Philadelphia. Mercy the mother died Nov. 4, 
1807. Stephen Cooley died June 9, 1830, age 75. Stephen Cooley was 
married to Margaret Stebbins, widow of Ezra Stebbins. She died Oct. 15, 
1831, aged 67. " 

5th Generation. Gideon Cooley, son of Stephen and Mary Cooley, was 
married to Dinah Sikes, the daughter of James and Mary Sikes. She was 
born Nov. 13, 1765. They were married Nov. 29, 1798. He died Nov. 
21, 1838, age 76. She died Jan. 1, 1851, age 86. Electa, born Sept. 9, 
1799, married Joseph Hixon. Quartus, born Sept. 9, 1801, married Abi- 
gail Bliss. Gideon, born Sept. 27, 1804. Mary Ely, born Sept. 7, 180b. 

[To be continued.] 

28 Diary of Paul Dudley. [Jan. 


Communicated by B. Joy Jeffries, M.D., of Boston. 

TIpHE following entries by the Hon. Paul Dudley, of Roxbury, 
.1- are from an interleaved almanac for the year 1740, published 
by T. Fleet. A biographical sketch and a portrait of Chief Justice 
Dudley will be found in the Register, vol. x. pp. 338 and 343. 

Jan. — A moderate winter hitherto hardly any snow, very cold weather 
comes in with the full moon and holds many days. 

7. — A good fat Bear killd upon our meeting house hill or near it. 

8. — Capt. Forbes from London nine weeks from Falmouth brings news 
of Warr being declared against Spain not France. 

Measles continue in many Towns. 

10. — A storm, a little snow. 

11. — The Genl Court proroged (The Treasury not supplied) to the 12 th 
of March. Sad news from Annapolis Royall. Coll. Armstrong Lt. Gov. 
fell upon his own sword and killd himself. 

15. — Snow. Small pox at Rode Island. 

19. — Died. Mrs. Norton, Widow of the Rev. Mr Norton of Hingham. 
A very worthy religious person, in the eighty first year of her age. 

A house burnt at Lancaster. A woman and four children lost their lives. 
The husband's name Josiah Wilder. 

26. — Pleasant weather for the winter. 

28. — Died young Mr Hancock of Lexington assistant minister to his 
father, had the character of a very worthy promising youth. Died Mr. 
John Adams see the middle of the Almanack. 

31. — Pleasant day but very cold. Burnings — see the middle of the 

Feb. 1. — An exceeding cold day, none like it this winter. 

2. — little short of it. 

5 — A very cold Day. It has been a very dry time for three weeks past, 
neither snow nor rain — Smelts come — A dwelling house at Mitfleld burnt 
and four persons. Moderate weather. They have had a severe winter in 
England as to Cold and Storms. The like not known in the memory of 
Man. Winter breaking up. Abundance of Damage done in England this 
winter by the Storms and extreme cold. 

Measles prevail in many towns and the throat distemper yet in the 

28. — Very warm like April. The wild geese begin to flye to the Nor- 
ward. Garden and other spring birds come. 

29. — A ship from London. Capt. Egleston brings the Kings Speech 
to the Parliament Nov. 15 th . 

March 1. — Sftovv. News from the west Indies that Admiral Vernon 
had taken portabell. 

4.— Died Mr Saltonstall. 

7. — Snow. 

8. — Very cold like winter. Nothing but cold northerly winds keeps the 
spring back. 

1881.] Diary of Paul Dudley. 29 

12. — Genl Court sits. Died, the Rev. Mr Parsons of Salisbury. A te- 
dious Sup. Court at Boston. It has been a Terrible Winter in England, 
provisions there very dear. Wheat at seven and eight shillings pr. bushel. 
An ordinary dunghil fowl at three shillings. 

22. — Wild geese go to the norward. 

26. — Sup. Court adjourned to the 3 d of June. 

27. — A general Fast. 

28. — Genl. Court, dissolved. The Treasury not supplied. Had a quar- 
ter of fine lamb. 

April. — Snow and Winterish Weather the beginning of this month. 

5. — A fine salmon eat at Roxbury. 

7. — Wind Hangs yet to the Norward — Roxbury smelts not gone yet. 

9. — Some swallows seen. The begin 8 of this month a dwelling house 
burnt at Uxbridge. 4 persons lost their lives. Little done in the gardens 
till the 9th. The Rash pretty brief — and so the Measles. 

15. — Very warm spring weather — many swallows come, and a great 
flight of* wild pigeons — Dry Season — I sowed my Barley — planted Cucum- 
bers and Squashes. 

17. — Orders arrived to declare the Warr in form against Spain, and ac- 
cordingly it was proclaimed with the usual Solemnity at Boston the twen- 
ty first. The packet came from Coll. Spotswood via pensilvania — great 
encouragement and Direction to furnish five thousand men from the Conti- 
nent to subdue the Spaniards at Cuba and in the West Indies. An Ad- 
jutant Genl. expected every day. 

May — Tedious Courts at Plymouth and Barnstable, a great deal of busi- 
ness left undone and continued to the next year. My own health very poor 
— not a single criminal at either Court. Abundance of cold weather puts 
the spring back. The Kings fourth daughter, the Princess Mary married 
to the Prince of Hesse. His Majesty's orders referring to the Expidition 
into the West Indies arrived a few days before the Election. 

Coll. Gorham and Mr W m Brown chose into the Council. Mr. D r dropt 
and two negatived viz. Capt. Little and P. D. 

June. — Died Coll. Spotswood. designed to command the American forces 
in the intended Expidition. A tedious Court at York. Little more than 
half the business finished. Two persons received sentence of Death. An 
Englishman for Murther. an Indian for a Rape on a child of 3 years old. I 
was much indisposed at York and obliged to come home before the Court 
was over. 

Mr. Smith ordained at Marlborough this month. Likewise Mr Hill was 
ordained at Marsh field. The orchard worms did but little damage this 
year. Tis tho't because of the Cold and wet spring some frosts coming very 

The Throat Distemper got to Cambridge. Several died particularly 
Madam Holyoke. 

25 & 26. — Roxbury New Meeting house raised. 

Towards the latter end of January a dwelling house burnt at Deerfield, 
another at Lunenburgh, a third at Chelmsford, but no life lost. 

Mr Whitfield is without doubt a very extraordinary man full of zeal to 
promote the Kingdom and Interest of our Lord Jesus and in the conver- 
sion of souls. His preaching seems to be much like that of the old Eng- 
lish Puritans. It was not so much the matter of his sermons as the very 
serious, earnest and affectionate delivery of them and without notes that 
gained him such a multitude of hearers. The main subjects of his preach- 

30 Diary of Paul Dudley, [Jan. 

ing while here were the nature and necessity of Regeneration or Conver- 
sion, and Justification by the Righteousness of Christ as reed by faith alone. 

10. January. — I measured a pearch that came from Worster pond between 
sixteen and seventeen inches long, and ten inches round the middle, he 
weighed nearest a pound and three quarters, two more weighed one pound 
each and about fifteen inches long. I dont remember ever to have seen 
three such large pond pearch together. 

The latter end of Januarv last died at Cambridge and buried from the 
College Hall Mr John Adams. He had been a preacher at Rode Island, 
was a very ingenious Scholar, but for some considerable time before he 
died much distempered in his brain so that his candle went out in a snuff, 
the Character given of him in the newspapers extravagant, not but that he 
was an ingenious preacher, a very good Scholar, and no mean poet. 

Coll. Partridge was a very pious and sincere honest man, one that served 
his generation to a great age by the will of God, discharged the several 
offices of Honor and Trust the Government put him into with great dili- 
gence, prudence, courage and integrity. 

July. — Died the 11 th of this month Gov. Wanton of Rode Island 68 
years of age, about the same time died Gov. Jenks of Providence 84, he 
had been Gov of Rode Island formerly. 

The Commencement put by this year by reason of the Throat Distemper 
at Cambridge. The President's Lady died of it the latter end of June. 

Genl. Court rose the 11 th of this month by prorogation to the twentieth 
of August. Treasury supplied after a fashion. 

16. — News of Capt. Morris a London ship being lost in the Channel, the 
men saved. 

Great plenty of English hay this year, but little fruit. 

2 d day of this month at Hatfield a most terrible storm of Hail beat down 
and wholly destroyed a thousand acres of corn, grass, and flax — damage 
computed at near four thousand pounds. Glass windows broke. 

August. — The King at Hanover. 

Richard "Ward, Esq. (a Seventh day Baptist) chose Gov 1 " of Rode Island. 

Our Quota of the Forces designed for the Spanish West Indies getting 

A Muster Master arrives from York to view our forces. 

27.— Commencement. 

Sept. — The weather has been very unseasonable this summer in England 
— provisions very dear — Wheat at eight shillings pr bushel on the sea coast 
where the men of warr took up everything. A fowl sold at three shillings. 
a single onion at a penny Sterl g . 

12. — The Genl. Court prorogued to the of October, and then to the 

19 th of November. 

18. — The famous Mr. Whitfield arrived at Boston, where he continued i 
till the 29 th and then went to New Hampshire and York and returned mun- 
day the 6 th of October, preaching in his Circuit twice every day, admired 
and followed beyond any man that ever was in America. His preaching 
was so thronged that he was obliged to preach in the open air, the meeting 
houses not being large eno to hold the Hearers, especially at Boston where 
tis tho't there were twenty thousand auditors at his last sermon. 

October. — Our forces viz five companies sailed for Virginia. 

Died Thomas Cushing Esq. and Thomas Palmer Esq. for many years of 
his Majesty's Council, and persons of good Character for Piety and Virtue. 
News from of August (the beg.) the King at Hanover. 

1881.] Diary of Paul Dudley. 31 

Mr Whitfield left Boston the 13 th bound to Connecticut Rode Island and 
New York via Northampton. 

23 d . — Capt. SnelliDg safely arrived from London at last. 
Mr. Winthrop returned. 

A Tuesday Evening Lecture set up at Boston. 

A Tedious long court at Bristol not finished till Munday ye 3 d of No- 

Nov. — The Throat Distemper in many parts of the Province and very 
mortal. News comes of my Lord Cathear's being saild for the West In- 
dies with a great fleet of men of warr and transports — See below — Several 
ships get in from England this month. News arrives of the Hurricane in 
the West Indies doing great damage to the Spanish and French fleet. 
13. — A public Thanksgiving and Snow. 

Died Coll. Thaxter of Hingham — had been of the Council for many 
years, a very useful man — 75 years old. 

19. — Genl Court begin their Winter Sessions. I could not attend Sa- 
lem Sup. Court by reason of great, indisposition and cold stormy weather. 
17 — exceeding cold. 18 — stormy -now ami very cold. The Court pro- 
rogued to the 21 st a pleasant day. Sup. Court sat by Adjournment. 
18 th and 24 th and so the whole week Fog, stormy rain and dark weather. 
Several vessels cast away and Lives lost. ('apt. Jones (?) from London. 
L d Kathcar not saild the 20 th of October. News of the Kind's arrival and 
that Sir Chaloner Ogle was saild for tin; West Indies with a fleet of men 
of warr. 

Dec. — The dark stormy weather and Rain continued to the 8 th of this 
month, except one day we have not ^ecn the sun for above a fortnight. 
High tides at the Change. Wind out. 

3. — Fasting and Prayer with a Sermon in the Council Chamber by order 
of the Genl Court. Dr. Sewal preached. 

News comes of the Emperours death. Last month four Justices of 
Peace resigned their commissions rather than quit their place of Directors 
in the Land Bank. 

13-14 exceeding cold — More vessels cast away and lives lost, arrived 
13 th Mr Tennent from the Jerseys — one of the Methodist preachers, tho 
not so famous as Mr. Whitfield. 

17 — A snow storm in the morning. Coll. Leonard and Capt Watts dis- 
missed from their respective offices for being Directors or signers of the 
Manufactory bills. 21 — very cold from 22-27 extreme cold. Justice 
Blanchard dismissed on the acct of the manufactory bank bills. Treasury 
not yet supplied. 

26. — The two houses can't agree upon a bill. News by the way of New 
York that L d Kathcard was sailed with a great fleet. 

25 th .— Died Coll. Partridge of Hatfield in the 96 th year of his age. 
The news from Persia this year seems incredible, as if Kauli Can the 
Emperor had bro't away from India in his expedition against the Mogul, 
five hundred and fifty millions, five hundred thousand pounds Sterling 
Value, in Gold, Silver and other Treasure — What an amazing proof monu- 
ment must this be of the truth of what the wise man tells us in his Pro- 
verbs, — Riches take to themselves wings and flie away as an eagle towards 
heaven. 23. pro v. 5. and of a greater than Solomon Mathew 6 th 19 v where 
thieves break thro and steal — for oftentimes these warr prizes or Captures 
are little better than Public Robberies. 

32 Births, Marriages and Deaths in Dartmouth. [Jan. 


Transcribed for the Register by the late James B. Congdon, Esq., of New Bedford. 
[Concluded from vol. xxxiv. page 406.] 

Mosher, Paul, 
" Hannah, 
" Keziah, 
" Lydia, 

Butts, Moses, 



s. of John and Hannah 

d. of " 

d. of " 

d. of " " 

s. of Thomas 

d. of " 

d. of " 
s. of Thomas 
d. of John 
d. of Thomas 
d. of " 
s. of " 

Taber, Sarah, 
" Mary, 

" Joseph, 
Russell, Joseph, s. of Joseph ) . 

Taber, John, 

" Jacob, 

" Jonathan 

" Bethiah, 

" Philip, 

" Abigail, 

John, s. of 
William, s. of 
Mary, d. of 
Joshua, s. of " 
Jonathan, s. of Jonathan 
Deborah, d. of " 
Dorothy, d. of " 

s. of Thomas 

s. of " 

s. of 

d. of 

s. of " 

d. of " 

4 mo. 15, 


10 mo. 21, 


2 mo. 1, 


4 mo. 16, 


Octo. 22, 


April 17, 


Aug. 8, 

July 30, 


Jany 28, 


March 18, 


March 7, 


November 22, 


Nov. 22, 


May 6, 


July 10, 


Jany 26, 


Nov. 13, 


Jany 10, 


May 21, 


Febv 22, 


July 26, 


Sept. 22, 


Sept. 3, 


Feby 7, 


May 2, 


Note. — The twenty-three foregoing names are found upon what I consid- 
er the oldest existing page of Dartmouth records. It is, as many other of 
the loose sheets of these records are, very much dilapidated, and it should be 
borne in mind that whenever an omission is found it is owing to this fact. 
No one need look at the records with any hope of finding any more than 
is here given. 

Taber, Mary, 

d. of Philip 

" Sarah, 

d. of " 

" Lydia, 

d. of " 


s. of " 

" Abigail, 

d. of " 

" Esther, 

d. of " 

" John, 

s. of " 

" Bethiah, 

d. of " 

Badcock [Babcock] Mary, d. of return 
Dorothy, d. of " 

Jany 28, 


ilarch 26, 


Sept. 28, 


Feby 29, 


Oct. 27, 


Feby 23, 


July 18, 


April 18, 


Oct. 16, 


Jany 19, 


Badcock, Sarah, 

d. of 


" Elizabeth, 

d. of 


" George, 

s. of 


" Benjamin, 

s. of 


" Joseph, 

s. of 


" Return, 

s. of 


" James, 

s. of 


1881.] Births, Marriages and Deaths in Dartmouth. 33 

Jany 31, 1686 
April 5, 1689 
June 21, 1692 
Nov. 12, 1696 
Dec. 29, 1698 
Dec. 23, 1700 
June 22, 1703 

[The 17 next preceding names are from one of the earliest pages of the 
record. All the Babcocks are marked " transcribed."] 

Lapham, Elizabeth, d. of John and Mary July 29, 1701 

" John, s. of " " Oct. 2, 1703 

Briggs, Mary, d. of Thomas Augt 9, 1671 

" Susanna, d. of " March 14, 1672 

" Deborah, d. of " Oct. 16, 1674 

" Hannah, d. of " May 1, 1676 

" John s. of " Oct. 2, 1678 

" Thomas, s. of " April 27, 1684 

" Weston, s. of John Nov. 4 1702 

" Thomas, s. of " Jany. 10, 1704 

Slocumb, Meribah, d. of Eleazer April 28, 1689 

" Mary, d. of - Augt. 12^ 1691 

" Eleazer, s. of " Jany 20, 1693-4 

" John, s. of " Jany 20, 1696-7 

" Benjamin, s. of " Dec. 14, 1699 

" Joanna, d. of u July 15, 1702 

Soule, William, s. of William Augt 28, 1692 

" Keziah [see Reg. xxxiv. 198] June 1, 1694 

" George, s. of William Oct. 5, 1695 

" Benjamin, s. of " May 14, 1698 

" Mary, d. of " Jany 22, 1698-9 

" Joseph, s. of " Nov. 8, 1701 

" Sarah, d. of " Nov. 8, 1703 

Cummings, Mary, d. of Philip Jany 3, 1686 

" Sarah, d. of " Oct. 15, 1688 

" John, s. of " May 14, 1691 

" James, s. of " Nov. 9, 1693 

Abigail, d. of " Nov. 20, 1698 

11 Elizabeth, d. of " Nov. 22, 1701 

" David, s. of " Sept. 25, 1704 

" Benjamin, s. of " Sept. 6, 1695 

Howland, Edward, s. of Henry Augt 10, 1698 

" Zohuth, s. of « Nov. 2, 1701 

« * * * g# of « April 3) 1703 

Delano, Sarah, d. of Jonathan, Jun. March 18,17** 

" Jane, d. of " Dec. 16 



Taxes under Andros. 




No. IX. 

[Continued from vol. xxxiv. page 382.] 

Town Rate of Topsfield, 1687. 

The Country Rate of 
Tqpsfield Towne, Oct. 3* 1687. 

A William Averill & four Son, but 3 

B Jn° Broadstreet 

Daniel Borman & 2 Son's 
Tho. Baker & man 
Isaac Burton 
Benj a . Bixby 
Josiah Bridges 

C Daniel Clarke & 3 Sons 
Isaac Cummins & 3 Sons 
John Curtis s 
Thomas Cave & man 
W m Chapman 

D Ephraim Dorman 

Thomas Dorman & Sone 
Michael Duanet & Sone 

E Isaac Esty Sen r & Sone 
Isaac Easty Jun r 
Joseph Easty 
John Easty 

ff John ffrench 

G John Gold & 2 Sonns 
John Gold Jun r 

H Cap* John How & 2 Sons 
John Hovy & Sone 
Samuel Howlet 
Wm Hobs 
John Hunkins 
W m Howlet , 

K Philip Knight & Sone 
John Kenney 

L Jonathan Look & man 
Henry Lake 





a, a 



CD Sh 


CC 5-1 




W =3 



1: 1 


1: 1 



1: 1 



1: 1 









1: 1 



1: 1 









1: 1 









1: 1 












































x o 


4: 6 

0: 5 

4: 7 

6: 6 

: 4 

2: 2 

4: 4 

5: 7 

2: 5 

: 7 

: 1 

3: 6 
4: 5 
2: 3 

2: 4 
2: 2 
2: 1 
2: 1 

2: 2 

6: 3 

2: 4 
3: 7 
2: 4 
: 4 
2: 4 

4: 4 
2: 5 

2: 4 














o o 




2: 1 


: 2 


6: 1 


















6: 1 



3: 1 



: 1 



: 1 


: 1 



0: 1 



4: 1 



2: 3 



: 1 



1: 2 


4: 2 



4: 1 



: 1 



2: 1 






2: 1 



5: 2 




: 1 





Taxes under Andros. 


Brought from the other Syde 


of Topsfield 


ht over. 









■n M 

d < 


a> £ 






o o 



N William Nichols 



: 3 

3: 1 



John Nicholls & 2 Sons 





: 5 


0: 2 



P ffrancis Peobody 2 Sons & a 






: 8 



: 3 



W m Perkins 





: 6 





Tobias Perkins 





: 6 





Timothy Perkins Sen r 





: 3 




Thomas Perkins 





: 4 




John Pritchet 




: 4 





Jacob Pebody 





: 2 





Elisha Perkins 





: 3 




Zachcus Perkins 





: 2 





Timothy Perkins Jun r 
R John Redington 





: 2 



: 2 







: 6 


3: 2 



John Robinson & Sone 





: 6 

2: 2 



Daniell Kedington 





: 4 


3: 1 



S W m Smith & Sone 







3: 1 



Sain Standly 






3: 1 



W ,n Smith Junr 





0: 1 



John Standly 







4: 1 



John Smith 





Joseph Smith 




T Jacob Towne, Sen r 










Joseph Towne & man Sen 1 










Jacob Towne Jun r 









Joseph Towne Jun r 









Thomas Towne 








W m Towne 











John Towne 









W John Wiles & Sone 







5: 2 



James Waters a poor man 

Lives by Almes 


— 1 







x, , • t. John How 

EphraimDormanj E 

James Hewlett Thomag -^^ 




Topsfield Rate 


Taxes under Andros. 

[Jan . 



head hous land hors Cow shep swin yung nete Catle 



William Averil 
M 1 ' John Brodstrete 
L Thomas Baker 

Daniell Borman 

Beniamin Bixbee 

Isak Burtun 
D I sack Comins 

John Commins 

Daniell Clark 

John Curtius 

Thomas Cave 

Thomas Dorman 
L Ephraim Dorman 

Mikell Donrill 
S Isack Estie sen 

Isack Estie km 

Josiph Estie 

John Estie 
C John ffrench 
L John Gould 
S. John Gould 
Cop John How 
S John Houey 
S Samuell Houlit 

Wiliam Houlit 

Wiliam Hobs 

John Hunkins 

John Kenny 

Philip Knight 

Henery Lake 

Jonathan Looke 

Wiliam Nikales 

John Nikales 
L ffransis Pebody 

Jacob Pebody 
M r Wiliam Pirkins 
M r Tobyiah Pirkins 

John Pirkins 

Timothy Pirkins 

John Prichit 

Thomas Pirkins 

Zaceus Pirkins 

Elisha Pirkins 
S John Redington 

John Robinson 
C Daniell Redington 
Cla (?) AViliam Smith 
C Samuell Standly 

John Standly 

Widow Standly 

AViliam Smith 

John Smith 

Josiph Smith 
E Jacob Toune 

John Toune 

Wiliam Toune 










— 15 

— 01 


_ 06 

— 10 


— 09 

— 09 


_ 13 

— 04 


— 03 

— 01 


_ 04 

— 07 


_ 12 

— 05 


_ 01 

— 00 


_ 10 

— 07 


— 05 

— 08 


_ 06 

— 06 


_ 11 

_ 03 


_ 06 

— 02 


_ 04 

— 07 


_ 06 

— 10 


_ 03 

— 06 


_ 03 

— 02 


_ 03 

— 03 


_ 06 

— 08 


_ 11 

— 11 


_ 07 

— 06 


_ 06 

— 04 


_ 09 

— 10 


_ 05 

— 09 


_ 00 

— 06 


_ 05 

— 07 


_ 07 

— 07 


_ 05 

— 01 


_ 07 

— 06 


_ 02 

— 06 


— 07 

— 06 


— 04 

— 04 


— 11 

— 00 


_ 15 

— 09 


_ 04 

— 02 


_ 05 

— 10 


_ 06 

— 10 


_ 05 

— 00 


_ 04 

— 09 


_ 05 

— 04 


_ 06 

— 09 


_ 03 

— 07 


— 04 

— 05 


— 09 

— 05 


— 07 

— 07 


_ 06 

— 08 


_ 05 

— 04 


— 04 

— 11 


_ 01 

— 08 


_ 02 

— 05 


_ 02 

— 07 


— 01 

— 08 


_ 02 

— 01 


— 05 

— 01 


— 04 

— 01 


— 07 

— 04 


Lt. John Bryant^ of Plymouth, 




Joseph Tonne 
Joseph Tcune 
Jacob Toune 
John Wild 
James Watered 
Timothy Pirkins 
Thomas Toune 
Marke How 





— 03 






— 04 






— 11 






— 06 






— 08 






— 00 






— 05 






— 01 






daty e 19 th of Sep* 1688 
(Signed) Tobiah Perkins Commishenr 



Return for y e town 
Topsfield £19 

4 3 

Samuel Howlett Clark 
to y e Selectmen of 


Communicated by William B. Lapham, M.D., Augusta, Me. 

IN Vol. twenty-four of the Register, Mr. J. A. Boutelle gave some ac- 
count of Stephen Bryant, of Duxbury and Plymouth, who married 
Abigail, daughter of John Shaw, and of his descendants. He states that 
their oldest daughter Abigail married Lt. John Bryant, of Plymouth, Nov. 
23, 1665. The Plymouth Colony Records make the oldest child of Ste- 
phen Bryant a son, and do not record the birth of an Abigail. Savage 
conjectures that she may have been the daughter of Stephen, and probably 
she was, but I have failed to find positive evidence that such was the case. 
Perhaps Mr. Boutelle may have evidence not given in his article.* Who 
was Lt. John Bryant ? In a note in the Plympton town records made by a 
former town clerk (Bradford), it is stated he was the son of John Bryant 
and Mary Lewis his wife, of Scituate, but this is improbable, for Deane 
makes John Bryant, Jr., a resident of Scituate, and gives the names and dates 
of birth of his children, which are different from those of Lt. John as record- 
ed on the records of Plympton. Some of the names are the same, which 
would indicate that the families may have been related, but there is differ- 
ence enough to prove that they could not have been the same. I have made 
considerable effort to find out who this Lt. John Bryant was, but without 

The children of Lt. John and Abigail Bryant, as recorded on the Plymp- 
ton records, are as follows : 

* Mr. Boutelle writes us that, owing to a recent removal, he cannot conveniently refer to 
all his memoranda, but he sends us the following items to prove that John Bryant was a 
son-in-law of Stephen Bryant : " Edward Gray for vsing revileing speeches to John Bry- 
ant the son in law to Seuen [Stephen] Bryant of Plymouth on the Lords day as soone as 
they came out of the meeting was fined 10.00 " [probably 10 shillings].— Plymouth Colony 
Court Orders, June 3, 1668. "John Bryant son in Law to Stephen Bryant for vsing re- 
vileing speeches to Edward Gray was fined ten shillings to the vse of the Colonic —Ed. 
VOL. XXXV. 4* 

38 Lt. John Bryant, of Plymouth. [Jan. 

i. Mary, b. Sept. 11, 1666. 

ii. Hannah, b. Dec. 2, 166S. 

iii. Bethiah, b. July 25, 16T0. 

1. iv. Samuel, b. Feb. 3, 1673 ; m. Joanna . 

v. Jonathan, b. March 23, 1677. 

vi. Abigail, b. Dec. 30, 1682. 
vii. Benjamin, b. Dec. 16, 1688. 

Abigail, wife of John Bryant, died May 12, 1715. 

1. Samuel Bryant 3 {John 1 ) married Joanna . Children: 

2. i. Samuel, b. May 14, 1699; m. Tabitha Ford. 

ii. Joanna, b. March 1, 170i ; m. Thomas Sampson, of Plympton, Nov. 

16, 1730. 

iii. Abigail, b. July 5, 1703. 

iv. Elizabeth. 

v. Lydia, b. March 16, 1708. 

vi. Sylvanus, b. April 8, 1710. 

3. vii. Nathaniel, b. 1712. 

The four eldest were born in Plymouth, and the others in Plympton after 
it was incorporated from Plymouth. 

Samuel Bryant, the father, died in Plympton, March 3, 1750, aged 76 ; 
he was many years deacon of the church in that town. 

2. Samuel Bryant 3 (Samuel, 2 John 1 ) married Tabitha Ford, and was 
also deacon of the church in Plympton. Children : 

i. Susannah, b. Jan. 19, 1723-4 ; m. Asa Cook. 

ii. Lois, b. June 9, 1723 ; m. Barnabas Briggs, of Halifax. 

iii. Abigail, b. March 13, 1727-8. 

iv. Sylvanus, b. March 20, 1729-30 ; m. Sarah Sears. 

v. Tabitha, b. April 14, 1732; m. William Bennett. 

4. vi. Joseph, b. June 3, 1734 ; m. Zilpha Sampson, 
vii. Samuel, b. Nov. 18, 1736. 

viii. Joanna, b. July 12, 1739 ; m. Solomon Doten. 
ix. Lydia, b. May 12, 1741 ; m. Consider Fuller, Feb. 21, 1759. 
x. Joshua, b. Feb. 16, 1744-5. He had 3 wives, the last of whom was 
Dorcas Howard, and 14 children. 

5. xi. Solomon, b. Jan. 4, 1746 ; m. Elizabeth Curtis, of Hanover. 

Samuel the father died May 21, 1774, and Tabitha his wife died Aug. 
25, 1773, in her 75th year. 

3. Nathaniel Bryant 3 (Samuel, 2 John 1 ) married Zerviah Curtis, of 
Pembroke. He was deacon of the church of Plympton. He died Dec. 
6, 1793, and his wife Zerviah died April 21, 1790, aged 83 years. Children : 

i. Benjamin, b. Dec. 25, 1734 ; d. May 2, 1824. 

6. ii. Nathaniel, b. June 21, 1737 ; m. Joanna Cole, Feb. 21, 1759. 

iii. Zerviah, b. July 24, 1739; m. Ephraim Holmes, Jr. ; they were the 
grandparents of Dr. Ezekiel Holmes, for many years the able editor 
of the Maine Farmer. 

iv. Joshua, b. July 26, 1741 ; d. Sept. 22, 1743. 

y. Elizabeth, b. May 31, 1744 ; d. Sept. 15, 1747. 

vi. Ezekiel, b. June 6, 1746. 

4. Joseph Bryant 4 (Samuel? Samuel? John 1 ) married Zilpha Samp- 
son. He moved to Middleboro', where he lived many years, and where his 
wife died. He then returned to Plympton and died there. Children : 

i. Joseph, d. May 13, 1759. 

ii. William. 

iii. Rizpah. 

iv. Tabitha. 

v. Ruth, m. William Shaw, 2nd, of Middleboro'. 

1^81.] Quincy Family Letters. 39 

vi. Silence, m. Prince Churchill ; d. Nov. 3, 1801, a^ed 83 yrs 
vii. I'm L, (I. in the U. S. Army, Nov. 4, 1791, aged S\{ years ' 
Till. Lois. 

ix. Jane, m. Heazer Dunham, of Carver, Mass., afterwards of Paris 
Maine. ' ' 

5. SOLOMON Bbyant* (Samuel* Samuel? John 1 ) married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Ramsdall or Randall) Curtis, of Han- 
over, Mass., who was bora May 18,1750. He moved to Gray, Me., and 
subsequently to Paris, being one of the early settlers. He died in 1827. 
Children : 

i. Elizabeth, m. Isaac Curamings. 

ii. Betsey, m. first, Peter Brooks; m. second, Jonathan Fickett. 

iii. Cheistophee, b. March 26, 1771; m. Susannah Swan. 

iv. Solomon, !>. Oct. 30, I77r, ; m. Sally Swan. 

v. Ltdia, I). March 30, 1778 ; m. Luther Briggs. 

vi. Bami 1.1., 1'. M:iy •». 1780; in. Lucy \\\\ 

vii. Lusannah, b. May 30, 1785; m. Levi" Berry, of Paris, Me., son of 

irge and Joanna (Doane) Berry, born in Falmouth, Me., April 

25, 1777. lie died at Smyrna, Me., Feb. 6, 1854, and his wife 

Lusannah died in the ^imc town, Oct. 18, 1849. (Grandparents of 

the writer hereof.) 

viii. Aim. ml, in. Meh in Pool. 

ix. Jo ANN AH, 1). Sept. '-'7. 17ill ; d. 1874, num. 

x. MaETHA, b. June 2, 17!) 1 ; m. Thomas Winship. 

0. X \ni \.\iii. Bri LNT, Jr.* ( Natlianiel? Samuel 2 John 1 ) married Joan- 
na Colo. Sin- was tlir daughter of Ebenezer and Ruth (Churchill) Cole, 
the lai in- being the daughter of William and Ruth Churchill, the latter born 
Sept. 11, 171G. 


Communicated by Svbbard W. Bryant, Esq., of Portland, Me. 

TPIE following letters were written by Edmund Quincy, of 
Hoston, merchant and author. lie was the fourth Edmund in 
direct succession, and son of the eminent jurist. He was born 1703, 
and died July 4, 1788 (see Register, xi. 72). He was graduat- 
ed at Harvard College in 1722, and was the author of a treatise on 
Hemp Husbandry, published in 1765. His daughter Esther was 
married to the attorney general of Massachusetts, Jonathan Sewell. 
Another daughter, "Dorothy Q.," married Gov. John Hancock. 

Medfleld Oct 16 1777. 
Dear d r Katy 

I have wrote your sister G. several times from Boston & this place via 
Worcester & Boston, & this day in particular to congratulate her especially 
upon ye signal advice arrived here yesterday from the No ward — assuring 
us, that, agreeable to ye last accot of our having routed ye Enemyout of 
their intreuchments, at Saratoga, & causing them to retreat six miles No 
wd towards Ty— & that upon their retreat Gen 1 Gaits had despatched sev 1 
large bodies to cut off their retreat, the same was effected & their Craft 
prepared to waft them over hudson's river being destroyed; Burgoine 

40 Quincy Family Letters, [Jan. 

found himself under a necessity of surrendering at discretion, their pro- 
visions almost spent, &c. I advis'd particularly, that but 30 men were 
kill'd & abt. 200 wounded & no Captain nor other superiour officer killed 
on our side w h gave me great satisfaction, as thereby I was convinced 
that your good Bro r Greenleaf was safe, before ye retreat — and I hope is 
now — as it is not probable he was much expos'd after that If ye acc° of 
surrender be genuine. Ye event is remarkable & calls on ye whole Conti- 
nent to express their hearty return of gratitude to Him, who is ye Great 
Superintendant of human affairs & who in a peculiar manner has hitherto 
manifested a wonderful series of kind dispensations of his providential care 
of the people of this young Country, who, as all Europe will own have been 
most unjustly treated by the people of Britain, for some years & especially 
for more than 3 years past. 

Should a kind providence afford similar success to ye Sothern troops 
& Howe obliged to retreat w th a mutilated army on board his ships We may 
reasonably hope that this year (agreeable to Dr. Franklin's expectation 
manifested in a Letter of abt April last) will be ye last of ye American 
Contest. This we may hope, but with a Spirit of due Submission to the 
Supreme Governour of the Universe ; who may if He sees fit for ye fur- 
ther punishment of the King & people of G. B. and No. America permit 
such a distraction to seize them as to consent to Carry on ye War tho, to 
their own ruin as well as to the still further annoyance & prejudice of No 
America, however possibly an European War may put an issue to our 
Fears ! 

You may encourage yoself in an expectat" of having y r Bro Hancock's 
Company the ensuing Winter, in Case of both Burgoine & Howe's defeat 
for I suppose ye Congs. will adjourn over ye Winter — and leave Genl W. 
with a respectable army in Phila. & Genl. Gaits in Albany in w ch places 
they may remain very comfortable thro, ye Winter. 

I have been here 5 or 6 days & wait for yr Bros Chaise being repaired 
to return to L in, no one to be had that I can hear of in ye town. I 
dont care to ride a bad horse & saddle nor have any bags — w ch detains 
me here Contrary to expectation. I want greatly to be w th your sister, but 
hope if ye surrender of B's army be true yr B r G. may be w th you soon — 
your Bro & sister Q, send love &c. 

I hope M Wheelock has proved as helpful to your s r G. &c as promised. 
Priscilla not suiting Mrs. Bridge — B has brot. hither, & luckily your S r Q. 
wanted her much — I hope this will meet you & yr sister w th the children 
all well, to whom my kind love — & accept ye same from Dear Child 
Your affect Father & Friend 

Ed. Quincy. 

No Woollen for a gown, one side only ; Some Tow Clo. for Eunice. I 
hope to send Mrs Bigelow from hence. 

To Miss K. Quincy. 

P. S. y r S r H. I suppose retd last Saturday from B. Yr uncle Q I pre- 
sume was not a little pleased with such a kind of visitor, after having been 
among ye doubting Christians &c I hope by next post or express from 
Phila. your sister may receive advice greatly in favor of Genls Troops. For 
as G. ye 3 d of Gt. B: — has thro, his wretched Ministers ordered that the 
troops under Howe Shd. at all hazards enter ye City of P: and those under 
Burgoine should get into possession of Albany as we are told and is very 
probable, upon ye disappointment of last year I Cant but be devoutly de- 

1881.] Quincy Family Letters. 41 

sirous, that at all hazards, so infernal a Resolution and order may be, by ye 
ordinance of ye King of Kings frustrated to all intents and purposes, and you 
well know for 3 years or more, I have manifested myself nearly certain, 
that if the B: Administration — should finally resolve to pursue their un- 
warrantable scheme (by advice of wicked Governors, Ltenant Governors 
Commissioners Judges & other interested ambitious, haughty & ignorant 
men, who conceited themselves wiser than other mortals, as well as more 
worthy) of subjugating 3 or 4 millions of Americans to their absolute and 
uncontroulable Governmt. their Projection would prove as abortive, as it 
was unjustifiable, tho sanctified by a solemn previous act of parliamt. In a 
word, I had then little and have now much less doubt of ye fatal issue to Brit- 
ain & ye Contrary, with respect to No. America ; I wish heartily the Former 
may repent of, & survive their unspeakable Folly ; the Latter, I doubt not 
will not only be supported under and carried thro : their uncommon trial, but 
will be made to grow and Flourish phaps vastly beyond any degree wch. ye 
proud & persecuting country hath ever attained to : But then, (melan- 
choly thought !) probably thh flourishing country, in idea may in a compar- 
ative small no. of years be reduced to a similar condition, wth every 
preceeding grand Republic or Empire, wch growing rotten at heart like 
an Antient Oak, have crumbled into pieces & have been for ages past to be 
found no more, but in the historic page. This is the State of mortals!! 
Its well said " Pride is not made for man !" May we be thoroughly weaned 
from this & similar considerations. 

Meddeld Aug 10 th 1778. 
Dear d 1 Hancock 

I am just informed (how truly I know not) that Mr Hancock was gone 
with a Certain Corps, on ye present expedition agt the enemy at Newport. 

If on his march, pray God to favor him wth health equal to his patriotic 
zeal & these troubled States all that success wch he may see best & further 
it is my devoutest wish, that ye public tranquillity may be restored, thro, 
the present combined force of France & No. America agt. their British 
enemies. For I doubt not ye Issue of this Campaign (in w ch ye scene is 
so much changd) will be ye absolute destruction of ye B. minist 1 scheme 
agt America : except what relates to ye Noward wch I presume will con- 
sequentially fall off, upon ye confirmed success of these more S°thern Unit- 
ed States. 

If peace be obtained I should give it as my earnest advice, that M r Han- 
cock would content himself in improving to ye utmost the degree of health 
& strength wch he may enjoy, w th his political faculties and influence to set- 
tle and quiet ye expected murmurs & complaints w ch naturally succeed to 
the close of every Civil War, especially where liberty will be so extensive 
as among these emancipated Colonies now free fy independent States : 
Pater Patrice or Father of his Country has been and always must be esteemed 
ye most illustrious Title which any modem or antient Hero, or Lover of 
his Country, has ever heretofore sustained or may expect, and as Provi- 
dence has seen fit, thus far to indulge our generous friend w th ye exalted 
Character. He seems also to point out to him ye path which he has yet 
to tread in order to its Completion : may it be that " of the just w ch shineth 
more & more unto y e perfect day." 

We hear y e Combined Fleet & army have begun their attack I pity ye 
innocent inhabitants of ye Island : & believe a surrender will soon take 

42 Early Records of Gorgeana. [Jan. 

place — I wish you the happy sight of Mr Hancock & hope may be this 
week with the agreeable advice of almost a bloodless surrender : in wch 
case communicate ye most sincere & hearty congratulations from 

my dear child, 
Your most affectionate Father 

Edm: Quincy. 

Pray kiss my little Washington for me. I hope he may enjoy the fruits 
of his parents' patriotism. 

Yr Br & sisters with family well & send love &c. Yr B r & S r Q from 
Providence lately left Mr. Green's youngest son near death & Mr Hill just 
expired of ye dysentery. 

I hope youv'e Eunice w th you as y r sister tells me you designed with con- 
sent of Mr H. 

To Mrs Dorothy Hancock 
in Boston. 


Communicated by Samuel L. Boardman, Esq., of Augusta, Me. 

WHERE as the Inhabitance of Pascataquacke Georgeana & Wells in 
the p'vince of Mayne, have here begune to p'pagate and populat thes 
parts of the Cuntery, did Formerly by power derivative from S r Firdinando 
Gorges exersise the regulating of the affayre's of the Cuntery as ny as we 
could according to the Lawes of England & such other ordinances as was 
thought meet & requiset for the better regulating thereof: Now for as much 
as S r Firdinando Gorges is dead, the Cuntery by ther generall letter sent to 
his Heyre in June 1647 & (48' but by the sad distractions in England noe 
return is yet come to hand: and command from the Parlamentnot to meddell 
in soe much as was granted to m r Rigby. most of the Com rs being dep ted the 
p'vince, the Inhabitance are for p r sent in some distraction about the regu- 
lating of the affayres of these p tes for the better ordering wher of tell Fur- 
der order power and Authorryty shall come out of England : The Inhabi- 
tants w th one Free and unius Animus Consent doe bynd themselves in a 
boddy pollitick and Combination to see the's partes of the Cuntery and 
p'vince regulated according to such lawes as form r ly have bine exersised 
and such other as may be thought meet not repugnant to the Fundamentall 
lawes of our Nation & Cuntery : and to make choyse of such Governer or 
Governors and majestrats as by most voysses they shall thinck meet. 

Dated in Gorgeana: alias Accom 8 . the daye of July 1649. The 

priviledg of Accom. Charter excepted : 

At a Generall Courte houlden at Gorgeana alls Accom* 9 the 16th of Oct r 
1649, before the right worp 11 Edward Godfrey Dep: gov r m r Nicholas 
Shapleigh, m r Abraham Preble, Edward Rushworth assistants : and 
Basill Parker: Re: Cor: 

Robert Mendam p r sented for giveing publicke entertainment and draw- 
ing wine and beare contrary to a Generall Court order and a towne order : 
Robert Mendam p r sented for letinga company of Fishermen to be drunke 

1881.] Early Records of Gorgeana. 43 

in his house aboute a fortnight agoe : and also a m r of a voyage so drunke 
that hee could hardly goe or speaker 

For the's 2 p'sentments the Courte sensereth him X£ upon his peticion 
the Courte abated him 40s of his fine. 

The wife of Stephen Flanders pr sented for abuseing her husband and 
her neighbours, the Constable to have a warant to bring her to the next 

Mrs Hilton p r sented for fighting and abuseing hur neighbours w th hur 
tonge : for this she was admonished bye the Court. 

m r William Hilton p r sented for a breach of the Sabbath in carrying of 
woode hee himselfe and others fourth of the woods : this to be travest : 
^ m r William Hilton p'sented for not keeping vittuall and drink at all 
times for strangers and inhabitants : admonished by the court and farther 
to be delt w th if comp* 

The names of the grand Jury 

1. mr Hatewill Nutter 8. m r Anthony Emiry 

2. mr Thomas Withers 9. m r Richar. Bauckes 

3. mj\ John Alcocke 10. m r Arthur Bragdon 

4. m r Francis Raynes 11. m r John Taire 

5. m r John Hnrd 12. m r Sampson Auger 

6. m r Nicholas Frost 13. m r Thomas Curtis 

7. m r John Twisden Senio r 

Mr Nicholas Shapleigh chosen Treasurer for this yeare next ensueing, 
and to have full power and authority to demand and reseave all fines and 
Imposte of wine and licors and for any p'son or p'sons that shall draw wine 
by retaile to paye for ever but or pipe 20s. and for any smaller caske rata- 
bly : and for any Licors iiid. p. gall : and for all Imposte layd upon Wine 
& licor from hence forward to be payd unto the Tresurrer q r terly : and in 
case any p son or p sons shall deny to make satisfaction the Tresurer shall by 
vertu of his warrant compell them them ther unto : and the sayd Tresurer 
to give in an Acco c at everie generall court if hee bee called ther unto. 

It is ordered this court and power ther of: That all gode people w th in 
the Jurisdickton of this p'vince who are out of a Curchway and be ortho- 
dox in Judgment and not scandalous in life, shall have full liberty to gather 
them-selves in to a Church estate, p'vided they doe it in a Christian way: 
with the due observation of the rules of Christ revealed in his words : and 
every church hath Free liberty of election and ordination of all her officers 
from tyme to tyrne p'vided they be able, pious and orthodox: 

It is ordered this that who soever directly or indirectly shall raise any 
faction or disturbance to the weakening of the authority of this Jurisdiction, 
shall upon legall conviction bee punished according to law in those cases 

It is ordered this court : that if it doe justly appeare that any that doeth 
keep an ordnary : bringe in a false acco* of what wine or licor that they shall 
drawe shall be liable to paye double impost for all that they have drawen: 

It is ordered this court: That any Woman that shall abuse her husband 
or neighbours or any others by approbrious language, being lawfully con- 
victed, for the first offence shall be put in the stockes 2 houres, for the sec- 
ond offence to be coucked — and if incorrageble for to be whipped 

And for men who are guilty of such like offence's upon lawf ull conviction 
are to be dealt w'th all according to the penalty of law in such cases p'vided. 

44 Early Records of Gorgeana, [Jan. 

It is ordered this court : That whereas Jo 11 Crose by reason of some dis- 
temper is drawne to a general] neglect of his Famyly, by his continewall 
wandering up and downe the country w th out any nessesary cause, it is or- 
dered any p r son or p r sons what soever the sayd Crose shall come either at 
Gorgeana Newichawanoke or any other passage w th in this Jurisdiction shall 

carry or send him backe agayne to Wells, except he can any just cause 

of his going under the magistrats hand : if he will not be kept at home 
after twise sending backe, the magistrate is for to bind him over to the next 
court wher hee sha be lyable to answer his defalt : If any man shall Ferry 
over John Crose over any River except he can give a just acco of his going 
is to forfit 5s. 

It is ordered this Court that the Tresurer is for to provid a pare of bill- 
bowes & a coucking stole to be payd for out of the publicke stocke, and to 
order the constable that the stockes be set up at m r Hiltons. 

It is ordered this court that m r Norton the p'vost marshall shall have for 
his attendance at every court to be houlden for this p'vince xiii s 4d to be 
payd out of the tresury : besides his other Feese: 

It is ordered this court that m r Parker the Recorder is allowed out of 
the Tresury three pounds p. yeare so longe as hee contiues in that place: 

Wheras ther is heer in this River of Pascataquacke a youeth accidentally 
mayntayned & being examined boeth how hee came to New Ingland as also 
how hee came to goe one this voiadge hee saieth his name is Tho s Bar- 
tholme ; was sent for New Ingland by one m r Parker & was heer in divers 
sarveces : as w th m r Parker, Hudson's son & one Craptree. being in Boston 
was solicited by m r Lymon Overre to goe one this voyage & appoynted to 
meet at the forte poynt, after being at the lies of Sholes m r Sampson Lane 
sent others backe, would have sent him backe to Boston : but m r Lymon 
Overre asked him yf hee would sarve him, And p'mised at his retorne to 
agree w th his m r yf he had any tye one him, & to pay for his time hee should 
be in his sarvis & that Capt Sampson Lane had noe hand in bringing him 

In testimony wher of wee give this testimo'y Authenticated under the 
seale this p'vince of Mayne this 29: 9vemb. 1650. 

Edward Godfrey, Gov r . 

At a Generall court houlden at Gorgeana the 15th of Octo r 1650 m r Ed- 
ward Godfrey, by the vote of the Countrey chosen go r m r Nicholas 
Shapleigh. m r Abraham Preble assistants, and Basill Parker assistant & 

Capt. Francis Champanowne pi 1 m r John Tomson deft, in an acco. upon 
the case for takeing awaye a boate for damage to the valew of 40£ sterling. 

George Rodgers & mr 8 Batcheller pr sented upon vehement suspition of 
incon tenancy for liveing in one house together & lieing in one rome,' They 
are to be separated before the next court or to pay 40s. 

William Wormewod pr'sented for a common swarrer and a turbulent 
parson. Wormwod to be brought to the next court for his sentance. 

Thomas Donstan and his wife pr'sented for neckleckting the ordinance 
of god upon the sabath day. Donstan and his wife for this offence to 
paye 10s. upon complayut here after 40s. 

It is ordered that the Grand Jury is for to have one meale for the time 
of every court. 

It is ordered this court that the inhabitants of cape Nedicke are for to 

1881.] The Youngman Family. 45 

jbe rated for the payment of the ministers wages by such as are appoynted 
to make rates for Gorgeana. 

It is ordered that Robert Mendam shall be p'mitted to keep an ordnary 
or house of entertaynement for the tearme of one yeare from the date here- 
of w th this p'viso. that the maigor p te of the Inhabitance of the River Pas- 
cataquacke, be ther w th content: 

[To be continued.] 


Communicated by John C. J. Browx, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

IN the last number of the Register (vol. xxxiv. pp.* 401-4) was given 
a brief sketch of this family, in which the author expressed the 
hope that " it may interest the descendants and also prove an incentive to 
the lovers of genealogical research to furnish further information." It 
would interest and disgust the descendants of Anna (Fisher) Heath to read 
that she — whose father was a legislator, his will witnessed by the Wares, 
sons of the progenitor of a long line of moral teachers, whose first husband 
belonged to the Roxbury family celebrated for their patriotic and moral 
virtues, had with the apparent consent of her husband, twenty days before 
his death, married another, inaugurating polyandry into New P^ngland. This 
interest would increase to learn that she had a granddaughter who compli- 
cated her own marital relations by marrying her step-father, for which, 
under the law of 1695, the participants would have been given forty stripes 
each, exhibited for an hour seated beneath the gallows with the noose 
around their necks, and forever after to have worn in a conspicuous place, 
sewn upon their clothes, the letter I of a contrary color to their garments. 
These examples are enough to show the folly of presenting for publication 
a hasty sketch, ignoring its verification by the use of material close at 

The library of the society furnished ready material, and the city and 
county registers' offices, by their admirable indices, guided directly to in- 
formation which the author could have collected in an hour, and by correct- 
ing his sketch saved the Register from misleading those who rely upon 
the general accuracy of the magazine. 

Upon the society's shelves can be found Lower's " Patronymica Britan- 
nica, The Roxbury Records, Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, ^ Barry's 
Framingham, AYorcester's Hollis, N. H., and the past volumes of this maga- 
zine, which would have been of service to the author. 

The origin of the name is given by Lower, p. 394: " Youngman ; the 
same as Young, the second syllable being an unnecessary addition. Young ; 
this well known surname appears to be of common origin with the classical 
Neander, Juvenal, &c, and to refer to the youth of the first bearer, at the 
time when it was adopted or imposed." 

1. Francis 1 Youngman appears to have been the first of that patrony- 
mic in this colony. The earliest date attached to this name is Dec. 2, 
1 685, when he was married to the widow of Isaac 3 Heath (Isaac, 2 William 1 ). 
Her first husband died at the early age of 29, amply provided for by his 
father, who had given him a homestead farm in Roxbury, beside land at 
Brookline. These were settled upon his son Isaac 4 by his will dated Dec. 


46 The Youngman Family. [Jan. 

19, 1684, and his moveable estate was bequeathed to his widow Anna 
(Fisher) Heath, daughter of Cornelius and Leah Fisher, of Dedham. Her 
father added to her estate by bequeathing to her one-fifth of his real and 
personal property, after deducting his special bequests. His will is dated 
Feb. 3, 1699, proved 15 June, 1699. Savage gives the date of his death 
January instead of June, and says he was " the first head of a family who 
died in the town in a natural way for thirty years." The newly married 
couple purchased in the name of the husband, Francis Youngman, an estate 
of about eight acres near Hog Bridge, over Stony River, between what h 
now Centre Street, Roxbury, and the homestead of the Curtis family* Rob- 
ert Pepper owned the next estate north. His grandson Joseph married Anna, 2 
the eldest daughter of Francis 1 Youngman. John Crafts 4 (Ephraim, 3 John, 3 
Griffiths 1 ) owned the adjoining estate on Centre Street, and married Eliza- 
beth, 2 the only remaining unmarried daughter. After the death of Fran- 
cis 1 Youngman, his widow made an agreement (Lib. 43, Fol. 34) with her 
children, by which her son Isaac 4 Heath should ultimately come in for a 
share of her property. 

Francis 1 Youngman, cordwainer, married Dec. 2, 1685, widow Anna 
(Fisher) Heath. He died July 23, 1712 (a). Their children, born in 
Roxbury, were (a, b, c) : 

2. i. Jonathan, b. Oct. 9, 1686. 

3. ii. Cornelius, b. Sept. 1, 1688 ; m. Mary Story. 

4. iii. Ebenezer, b. Nov. 2, 1690; m. Mercy Jones. 

iv. Anna, b. Dec. 1, 1695; m. Joseph Pepper, Dec. 15, 1720 (b, c). 

v. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 1697-8; d. soon. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 14, 1698-9 ; m. John Crafts, Feb. 5, 1722-3 (b). 

vii. Leah, b. May 4, 1701 ; d. xMay28, 1701 (b). 

viii. John, birth not recorded ; d. July 26, 1711 (b). 

2. Jonathan 2 Youngman (Francis 1 ), born Oct. 9, 1686; inherited 
the homestead, and by agreement with his mother had a double portion of 
the personal property. While a resident of Framingham, Dec. 3, 1720, 
he sold the homestead to his brother Ebenezer for £200, reserving a small 
piece of land for his mother. Ebenezer sold the place in 1725 to Samuel 
Gore for £250. He married Sarah . They had : f 

i. Eleanor, b. in Roxbury, July 23, 1710 ; m. Joseph Skillins, of Rich- 
mond, Aug. 19, 1731. 

ii. Sarah, b. in Framingham, June 9, 1713 ; m. William Amos, April 
30, 1733. 

iii. Leah, b. in Framingham, April 14, 1715 ; m. Richard Robinson, Aug. 
28, 1759. 

iv. Anna, b. in Roxbury, " Feb. the last," 1716-17 ; m. Daniel Marrow, 
June, 1738. 

v. Mary, b. in Roxbury, Feb. 17, 1718-19. 

vi. Francis, b. in Roxbury, July 31, 1720. 

vii. Jonathan, b. in Framingham, May 20, 1722. 

viii. John, b. in Sudbury, June 1, 1724. A husbandman ; d. in Brook- 
line, Sept. 1745 ; Ebenezer Pierpont, of Roxbury, administered 
upon estate. 

ix. Daniel, b. in Roxbury, March 12, 1725-6. 

3. Cornelius 2 Youngman (Francis 1 ), b. Sept. 1, 1688 ; m. Mary 
Story, of Brookline. They had daughter Mary, who died Sept. 17, 1710. 
Mary, the widow of Cornelius, was married, April 25, 1715, by Hon. Sam- 

* See Drake's History of Roxbury, pp. 399-401, for an accurate description of this neigh- 
borhood, with a picture of the old Curtis homestead. 

(a) Savage's Diet., iv. pp. 671-72. He omits one Elizabeth, (5) Roxbury Records, 
(c) Barry's Framingham, pp. 358 and 451. 

f Barry's Framingham, p. 451 ; also Record in office of City Registrar and Reg. Probate. 

1881.] The Youngman Family. 47 

uel Sewall, to Philip 3 Torrey, of Brookline (Jonathan, 2 Philip 1 ). (See rec- 
ord at City Registrar's Office.) 

4. Ebenezer' Youngman {Francis 1 ), b. Nov. 2, 1690; m. by Dr. 
Cotton Mather, Jan. 8, 1 7 1 2, to Mercy Jones (daughter of Matthew and 
Susanna). He was a felt-maker, and carried on his trade near the bridge, 
corner of Hanover and Blackstone Streets (as now called). He lived in a 
brick house on Fish Street, with the rear on Clarke's Square (now North 
Street and North Square). In 1728 he left Boston, giving his wife, her 
brother Thomas and Joseph Rix, a full power of attorney. His own prop- 
erty was heavily mortgaged. He probably died away from home. His 
wife administered upon his estate in 1734. Amount of inventory of person- 
al property was £13: 6: 6 ; beside which he had some land in Woodstock, 
Conn. (New Roxbury originally), valued at £15. His widow married 
Samuel Ry lands, Aug. 21, 1735, but was again a widow in 1740, when she 
sold one-fifth of an estate on Milk Street, probably a part of the P. O. site, 
for £150. This estate was inherited from her parents, who also left prop- 
erty on Hanover and Common Streets to their children. Her brother Mat- 
thew had his share separated ; the remaining heirs were her brothers Tho- 
mas and Ebenezer Jones, and her sisters Anna, wife of William Swords, 
and Mary, wife of Rainsford Greenough. Children of Ebenezer (d) and 
Mercy (e) : 

i. Ebenezer, bapt. Jan. 9, 1714-15 (d). Died young. 

ii. Mercy, bapt Dec. 2, 1716 (d) ; m. John Simnies, March 13, 1734 ; dau. 

Mercy m. Thomas Barnes, ropemaker. 
iii. Susan, bapt. Oct. 26, 1718 ; m. Edward Chase, Aug. 26, 1740. 
iv. Cornelius, h. Aug. 10, 1720 (f) ; bapt. Aug. 14, 1720 (d). 
v. Sarah, b. Feb. 13, 1721-22 ( /") ; in. John Crafts, May 20, 1740. 
vi. Nicholas, b. Oct. 18, (sic) 1723 (/) ; bapt. Oct. 13, 1723 (e). 
vii. Thomas (y), b. June 5, 1725 ( /') ; bapt. Jan. 13, 1725 (e) ; m. first, 

Mary Darling, Aug. 22, 1746 ; m. second, MehitableSmaliedge, Dec. 

7, 1752 ; m. third, Susannah Wales, Aug. 26, 1757. No children, 
viii. John, b. July 20, 1726 ( f) ; bapt. July 24, 1726 (e) ; m. widow Martha 

(Marks) Eddy, Jan. 1*760; d. s. p. 
ix. James, bapt. April 14, 1728 (/) ; d. young. 

For an account of the descendants of Nicholas, see Worcester's History of Hollis, 
N. II., pp. 206, 376, 393, etc., which gives more information than was included in 
the brief sketch. 

Note by the Editor.— The following appear to be the principal errors in the 
brief sketch given in the last number. Francis 1 was not married in 1684 ; be 
had daughters Elizabeth 2 and Leah, 2 and a son John, 2 omitted there ; he had no 
daughter Sarah to be married to William Ames. 

The family of his son Jonathan 2 was entirely omitted ; the Sarah who was stated 
to be a daughter of Francis, 1 was a daughter of Jonathan. 2 

The widow of Ebenezer 2 had for a second husband Samuel Rylands, who did not 
marry her daughter Mercy— John Symmes or Simmes being the daughter's husband. 
A son James was omitted. 

One of Thomas's wives was given to his brother John, and John's actual wile 
was omitted. 

(d) Records of the North Church. Ebenezer 2 Youngman's name being placed alphabeti- 
cally is the last on the church record, and the following note is made against it : the 

first who confessed the covenant, p. 75, Jan. 2, 1714-15— the first is truly the last in this 
instance." . 

(e) N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. xix. p. 324; Records of the New Brick Church; 
Mercy adm. Jan. 1728-9. 

( f) Alphabetical transcript of City Records, original not to be found. 

(.9) Thomas was a baker, died in Jan. 1760. His brother John administered, ine amount 
to divide was £3 16 7, " which by Jaw belongs one half to the said Administrator, and the 
other half to Nicholas 3 Youngman, they being the only surviving brothers of the said ino- 
mas." Order of Court, dated 11 Feb. 1760. 

jo imp) 




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J2 N- 59 *S 

S P I 5* 

* § 

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1881.] Cabo de Baxos. 49 

Or, the Place of Cape Cod in the old Cartologt. 

By the Rev. B. F. De Costa, of New York City. 

IF the bold foreland known as Cape Cod could frame articulate speech, 
what a story its storm-swept shores might tell. It has looked out 
through scudding mists upon the enterprise, the hopes and fears of many 
nations. Histories have been engulphed in its waves and buried in its 
sands. Cape Cod, however, is simply the wreck of an old and more ex- 
tensive promontory. Even since the seventeenth century large portions of 
its coast have been devoured by the sea, while other portions have been 
invaded by the silicious drift which has changed fertile tracts into glister- 
ing saharas. 

At some distant period the cape was connected with the neighboring 
isles, though a portion of the islands themselves have now disappeared. 
The great shallows tell of islands that once rose above the waves. In the 
year 1701 the " Sloop Mary " anchored under the lee of an island of which 
no vestige now remains.* Nevertheless, at the beginning of the sixteenth, 
century, when the French and Spanish navigators came upon the coast, it 
presented substantially the same aspect as to-day. Then, as now, the mark- 
ed feature of the coast was found in the great riffs which maintained a 
deafening roar, even at a distance being ominous in the mariner's ear. The 
floor of the sea was literally ploughed up by the roaring tide. The classic 
age, however, had passed away, and the sailors, instead of referring to Scyl- 
la and Charybdis, applied other but not less emphatic names, which, what- 
ever may have been the language, always signified the same thing — The 
Shoals ; while the cape was known as The Cape of the Shoals. Ver- 
razano employed the term " sirtis," though others used such words as 
" arrecifes," " faralones," " mallebarre," " baturier " and " Baxos." 

This repellant coast more than once frustrated the scheme of the French, 
Spanish and Dutch navigator, and served, in a sense, to check the advance 
of continental enterprise at a time when Englishmen were not prepared to 
take possession of the New England shores. Still the English found it far 
from a friendly coast, and for years the advocacy of the Cape Cod Canal 
has been marked by an undertone suggestive of the mariner's woe. 

In his letter to Francis I. Verrazano does not mention the syrtis, though 
the description of his voyage implies a passage around the cape. The 
shoals were probably described in the " little book " to which he refers as 
containing details, while the map of his brother shows them prominently, 
the land opposite being called " C. della Bussa," which seems to be the 
equivalent of "baturier," applied in following time. In the old cartology, 
therefore, Cape Cod, under various names, is constantly coming to notice. 
Two other points are also indicated, and with even more prominence. 
These are Sandy Hook and the Bay of Fundy. It is, indeed, by the care- 
ful study of these three features of the old maps that we are able to fix upon 
the true place of Cape Cod, and to indicate how well it was known to the 
sailors and geographers of the sixteenth century. 

* " Journal of the voyage of the Sloop Mary," &c. . Albany, 1866, p. 27. " Pre-colum,- 
bian Discovery," p. 29, and the Register, xviii. 37.. 

VOL. XXXY. 5* 

50 Oabo de Baxos. [Jan. 

These three points are not indicated upon every map, though one, and 
we might even say two, are seldom wanting. Reference, however, will be 
made almost exclusively to those bearing the threefold nomenclature. 
These are so numerous, that, taken in connection with written descriptions 
of the coast, they fix the identity of the places beyond question.* 

The earliest map that has any bearing upon this subject is the anony- 
mous map of 1527, which shows Sandy Hook as " c. d. arenas," while 
eastward is the word " golfo," which may indicate the Bay of Fundy. In 
1529 we have the map of Ribero, which is similar to the map of 1527, 
though it has more coast names. Besides Sandy Hook and " golfo " is the 
indication of " c. de arecifes," though it is placed eastward of what seems 
to have been intended for the Penobscot. These two maps represent the 
voyage of Gomez, about which little is known. It was evidently a partial 
survey, which accounts for the failure of the maps. On the other hand, 
Verrazano examined the coast from the Carolinas to New Foundland, and 
his map is more definite. On this map, besides the " sirtis " and " bussa," 
indicating Cape Cod, we find the Bay of Fundy, while the Cape of 
Sandy Hook is also well defined, the name being " Lamuetto."f These 
three points were never lost sight of. The names were frequently changed, 
Sandy Hook often being called the Cape of St. Mary or St. John. To 
Verrazano belongs the credit of giving these points their first definition, 
while his delineation of Sandy Hook exercised a controlling influence over 
French map makers for nearly a hundred years. 

Passing by such maps as that of Ramusio, 1534, and the Propaganda 
map of the same period,^ let us proceed to the map of Alonzo Chaves, as 
described by Oviedo in 1537, who sets Ribero aside until after passing 
northward of Cape Breton, a region evidently not included by Chaves. § 
Drawing upon the map of Chaves, Oviedo shows much knowledge of the 
three points under notice. The latitudes are incorrect, but this is the case 
with maps in general at that period. The Cape of the Arenas is put too 
far south. The latitude of the Hudson, however, is nearly right, being in 
41° N., and the situation is described perfectly. Thence, Oviedo says, the 
coast stretches north-easterly to Cape " Arrecifes ;" while at a point far- 
ther on is the Bay of Fundy, called " Bahia de la Ensenada." The dis- 
tances, like the latitudes, are inaccurate, but the main features of the coast 
are well described. The Hudson (Rio S. Antonio) is depicted as running 
north and south, while eastward, beyond Arrecifes, there is an " archipela- 
go." || This description alone would be sufficient to establish the identity 
of Cape Cod, called "Arrecifes," or the " Reef Cape." This latter word, 
it should be observed, is Arabic, and is related to the English " reef;" but, 
as the Castilian tongue improved, the word fell out of use, and the pure 
Spanish word " Baxos " generally took its place, though on some charts 
the old " arrecifes " was retained. The failure to understand this has led 
to much confusion, some supposing that the two names referred to separate 

Let us next glance rapidly through some of the maps of this period, tak- 

* A fourth point might be included, as Cape Breton stands on the maps properly related 
to what represented the Bay of Fundy . This, however, will he taken for granted in the 

t Possibly this name was misspelled by the draughtsman. 

t Found in " Verrazano the Explorer," p. 53. Barnes & Co., 1880. 

% Ibid. 

|| Historia general y Natural de las Indias," &c. Tomo I, (segunda parte) p. 146, ed. 
1852, and Hist. Magazine, 1866,. p. 372. 

1881.] Cabo de Baxos. 51 

ing first the so-called "Cabot Map" of 1542. This map shows Sandy 
Hook definitely, as " C: de S: Juan," while " Capo de aracefe " stands for 
Cape Cod, and " rio fondo " for the Bay of Fundy. It is not meant, of 
course, tlmt in these cases Cape Cod is defined in outline, but rather that 
this name is placed on the coast where the cape ought to be.* The defini- 
tion is found in such writers as Oviedo, who, at the point of the Reef Cape, 
describes a headland pushing into the sea, with a great bay beyond and be- 
hind it. Yet however conventional this representation of the map, the 
three points are laid down near their true latitudes, a proportional distance 
apart.f The map of Henry IV. shows " C. de Sablons " (Sandy Hook) 
and "Les Condes " (Fundy), but Cape Cod is wanting.^ Map X. in 
Kunstman's Atlas, shows " C: de las arenas," " C. de las Saxas," and 
" Condes." " Saxas " is simply a corruption of Baxos. 

A copy of the unpublished map of John Rotz, 1542, in possession of the 
writer, shows Sandy Hook prominently without its name, and Arricifes in 
its proper place, with the region between it and Penobscot. An ancient 
Spanish map§ of the same period shows " c: de s: Joan," " R. de las farelones" 
and ki ancones." " Farelones " is one of those world-wide terms signify- 
ing outlying rocks and shoals, while "ancones" stands for " fondo," indi- 
cating a deep bay. The fact that in this case "farelones" is connected 
with a river forms no objection. The Bay of Fundy is often called a river, 
and is sometimes indicated by Cape " fundo." The characteristic thing on 
these old conventional maps is the main term, as the map maker was often 
confused in its application, and readily changed the Cape of Faralones into 
"river" or "bay." In 1542 Mercator published the plans of a globe, and 
on the Atlantic coast of North America he gave " C. S. johan " for Sandy 
Hook, and " Cabo d. Malabrigo " (Bad shelter) for Cape Cod. Fundy is 
not shown, but a bay perhaps intended for Long Island Sound is called 
" Baia hondo," a name elsewhere not applied to that coast. Probably this 
was carelessness on the part of the engraver, who should have placed 
" hondo " east of " malabrigo," a corruption of Baxos, if not intended as an 
equivalent. Gomara may be quoted next to confirm our interpretation of 
the maps. In 1555 this writer gives the three main points, though, like 
some map makers, he puts Cabo de Arenas (Sandy Hook) too far south of 
the River San Antonio, and computes the distance from that river to " Cabo 
Bajo," or Cape Cod, at more than a hundred leagues. Thence to Rio Fon- 
do he computes it at about one hundred and sixty.|| Humboldt, however, 
in such connections, teaches us that distances are not to be relied upon ; 

* There was a great deal of rigidity and conventionality about the work of the early car- 
tographers, who, in the absence of accurate surveys, would put the names of capes and 
bays on the border of the coast without attempting to indicate their forms. Besides, their 
work was done on a small scale that seriouslv interfered with the introduction ot details. 
Thus points were not indicated except by name. The case of Sandy Hook is a notable 
exception, and for the reason that the great bay of New York was a safe resort tor man- 
ners, and thus was explored, together with the prominent headlands. Cape Cod, on tne 
other hand, though well known, was a dangerous and unprofitable place that was never 
explored with any care. The harbor of New York appears to have been visited by tne 
French prior to 1562, as Ribault, speaking of the " xl degrees," mentions " the declaration 
made vnto vs of our Pilots and some others that had before been at some ot those P/aces 
where we purposed to sail." Divers Voyages, p. 114. On the Verrazano map Cape boa is 
prominently indicated by the shoals, but afterwards, down to the seventeenth century, n 
is known by the names placed on the coast. 

t See the map in Jomard's " Monuments de la Geographic" 

X Ibid. 

§ Carta de Indies, Madrid, 1879. , ,__. ,., , . _ t,„_ 

|| Historia General de las Indias y nuevo mundo, p. 9, Tome ii., ed. 1555, edited oy Gar- 
cia. Hist. Magazine, 1866, p. 368. 

52 Cabo de Baxos. [Jan. 

and we therefore repeat that the three points on the coast are invariably 
placed near their proper localities, and are proportionately distant from one 
another. As late as the seventeenth century, the distance between Alexan- 
dria and Marseilles was overstated by five hundred miles. 

Next notice the map of Mercator, 1569, which, so far as it concerns the 
geography of the coast northward from Sandy Hook, was more or less a 
failure. This map shows the three features upon which we are dwelling, 
but a part of the work is in duplicate. Elsewhere the writer has shown 
how this happened, resulting in a double representation of the Island called 
by Verrazano " Luisa." This island Mercator calls " Claudia," and again 
" Briso," # not knowing that " Briso " was a corruption of " Luisa," and 
that the two names referred to the same thing. " C. de Lexus " stands for 
" Baxos," the " Lexus " being a corruption of " Baxos." " C. de Lexus," 
however, is properly connected with Claudia (Luisa), the modern Block 
Island, off Newport. The position of " Lexus " in its relation to the Bay 
of Fundy (G. de lus Condes) and Sandy Hook (G. de arenas) shows that 
such a place as Cape Cod was well known. Besides, he puts his Cape de 
Lexus in the right latitude, that is near 41° N. His mistake consisted in 
putting Claudia and Lexus too far east, and in putting the Penobscot west 
of these points. The latitude of Claudia was fixed from the data in the 
letter of Verrazano, which, however did not give the longitude. Neverthe- 
less, on the map of Mercator, as on the map of Verrazano, and as stated 
in the letter of Verrazano, Claudia was represented approachable from the 
west by water. When, therefore, Mercator's map is corrected, as respects 
Norumbega or the Penobscot, it is found to show a substantial resemblance 
to Verrazano. The Ortelius of 1570-1573, 1575 and 1579, copies the 
errors of Mercator too closely, but it is not necessary to dwell upon the 
work in detail, as it suffices to observe that the delineations of Ortelius 
maintain the identity of Baxos. Ortelius, like Mercator, puts Lexus and 
Claudia in the right latitude, and the Bay of Fundy (B. de los Condes) in 
the proper place, though " C. de Arenas " is too far south. He also du- 
plicates Cape Cod. 

Dr. Dee's unpublished map of 1580, now in the British Museum, does 
not follow Mercator in his outline of the New England coast, but copies his 
error in putting "arrecifes" (Cape Cod) east of the Norumbega, though 
showing Sandy Hook and the Bay of Fundy in their proper places. 

Lok's map of 1582 shows Sandy Hook as " Carenas," but puts Claudia 
east of what was intended for Norumbega, thus reflecting the mistake of 

In 1583 Hakluyt's friend, Stephen Bellinger, of Rouen, sailed to Cape 
Breton, and thence coasted south-westerly six hundred miles, which would 
have taken him near Cape Cod. He " had trafique with the people in tenne 
or twelue places."! Hakluyt says, using the term in the sense of exploring, 
that he " discouered very diligently cc. leagues towardes Norumbega," the 
latter term being used in a loose way. He doubtless saw Cape Cod. 

Bellinger's enterprise seemed to stir up the men of St. John de Luz, 
" who sent lasteyere to sollicite the Frenche Kinge and his Counsell to plante 
there."$ This explains why Gosnold in 1 602 found in New England " eight 
Indians in a Basque shallop." Brereton says, " It seemed by some words 

* Sec the explanation of these errors in " Verrazano the Explorer," p. 55. 
t See Hakluyt's " Westerne Planting,'* in the Maine Coll., ser. 2, vol. ii. pp. 26 and 84. 
Edited by Charles Deane, LL.D» 
X Westerne Planting, 101. 

1881.] Cabo de Baxos. 53 

and signs they made, that some Basques of St. John de Luz have fished or 
traded in this place."* 

We find, however, that the old maps, with all their conventionalisms, were 
better than the later productions, inasmuch as they represented actual sur- 
veys, while, on the other hand, many modern maps stood for theories. It is 
assuring, therefore, at this stage of the discussion, to be able to refer to map 
XIII. of Kunstman's atlas, bearing the date of 1592, and showing in their 
proper positions, " C de. las arenas, " C. de las Saxos," a misspelling of 
Baxos, and the well known Bay of " Condes." This map was the work of 
an Englishman, as the inscription reads, u Thomas Hood made this platte, 

In 1593 the " Speculvm Orbis Terras " of de Tode, printed at Antwerp,! 
contained a small map, showing south of Cape Breton " C. de Lexus," the 
misspelled " Baxos," evidently taken from Mercator. What appears to 
have been intended for Sandy Hook is marked " c. de s. Helena," but the 
map is distorted, and the Bay of Fundy is not mentioned. 

In 1597 Wytfliet's work contains a map with coastline according to 
Mercator, the map being repeated in the edition of 16034 This map 
shows "C.Baixo" and " Cap Hondo" in their proper relations, but the 
name of Sandy Hook is omitted. Mercator, however, is corrected as re- 
spects Baxos, which is put south-west of the Penobscot, in its proper place. 

Linschoten, in 1598, is found giving an accurate description of the main 
divisions of the coast under consideration, though he does not appear to 
have attracted notice. He makes the distance from Rio Fundo to Cape 
Baxos one hundred and sixty miles, and thence to the Hudson one hundred 
miles. § Linschoten 's work was published in Dutch and English, and was 
found in every navigator's hand. With Linschoten before him, Hudson, in 
1609, could lay no claim to the discovery of the river which bears his name. 

The next map that claims attention is that projected by Wright and en- 
graved by Molyneux in 1600. This map is celebrated as being the u new 
map " referred to by Shakspere in " Twelfth Night " (Act iii., s. 2).|| The 
map shows the influence of the English who had colonized Virginia, and indi- 
cates also that new ideas had been acquired respecting New England. This 
is very evident from a comparison of the map with a globe made by Moly- 
neux eight years before. || The globe, as respects New England, follows 
the school of Mercator and Ortelius, placing Claudia far east of the " Grand 
Bay," intended for Penobscot Bay. But in the map of 1600, Claudia is 
placed near 41 9 N., while the Penobscot, as the " R. Grand," lies east of 
Claudia. New England is reduced to an island by a narrow strait running 

* Mass. Coll., 3 s. viii. 86. The visitors were incorrectly supposed by a recent writer to 
have been English. Maine Coll., vol. vii. p. 133. 

f The only copy of this edition of de Tode known to the writer is in the Public Library 
of Geneva. Switzerland. It does not appear to have any place in our best bibliographies. 

+ The editions of 1597, 1598 and 1603, together with Magnin's French edition, 1611, put 
all the latitudes too high. 

§ "From the point of Baccalao to the bay of the riuer, are 70. miles, fro the bay of the 
Riuer to the bay de los Ilos, 70. miles, from thence to Rio Fundo 70. miles, from thence to 
Cape Baxo 160. miles, and again to the riuer of Saint Anthony, 100. miles." " Discours of 
Voyages," Book ii. p. 217, ed. 1598. . .. . . 

|| That Shakspere referred to this map appears to have been suggested first by the late 
Mr. Lenox, in 1859, when writing his introduction to Mr. Mulligan's " de Insu e ot Syl- 
lacius. Mr. Lenox possessed one of the three known copies of the map, lately given in 
facsimile by the Hakluyt Society, though their editor failed to read the map correctly. 
See Markham's " John Davis," and the notice in the Nation of June 17, 1880. The Shak- 
spere Society also appears to have failed to appreciate the language " and map with the 
augmentation of the Indies," which probably referred to the new world. 

54 Cabo de Baxos. [J 


from the St. Lawrence and opening on the New England coast in latitude 
40,° as on the map of Lok.* At the mouth of this strait, in Molyneux' s 
map, " C. de Gamas," or Stag Cape, is laid down, " Claudia," or Block 
island, being opposite ; thus identifying the " Stag Cape " with Cape Cod, 
so called, perhaps, for the first time, though the name was every way ap- 
propriate on account of the abundance of deer. Far eastward, beyond the 
Bay of " Menan,"f is a large bay, evidently intended for the Bay of Fun- 
dy. Southward of Cape " Gamas " is the Hudson, " R. de S. Antonio," 
though Sandy Hook is poorly delineated. The improvement of the map of 
Molyneux over his globe of 1592 is very significant and instructive. 

The " new map," as well as the work of Linschoten, must have been in 
the hands of Bartholomew Gosnold when he sailed on his voyage in 1 602. 
This brings us to the reputed " Discoverer" of Cape Cod,$ and recalls the 
fact that Mr. Bancroft, in speaking of Gosnold, says, " Cape Cod was the 
first spot in New England ever trod by Englishmen."§ This, nevertheless, 
is untrue, as other Englishmen were on the coast of New England long be- 
fore. Nor is it probable that Gosnold was the first Englishman who landed 
upon the Cape.|| Still, Gosnold is popularly credited as the " Discoverer." 
Upon what, then, is his claim based ? The answer has already been given, 
as the Cape had been well known to geographers ever since the time of 
Verrazano and Gomez. Under the circumstances, the advancement of Gos- 
nold in this connection is a little curious. 

First of all, it should be noticed that Gosnold made no claim for him- 
self. It is simply recorded that he gave the present name to the Cape. 
On the other hand no early writer made any claim on his behalf. It is true 
that, in 1609, when Hudson was on the coast, Juet, his pilot, wrote in the 
journal, " This is that headland which Captaine Bartholomew Gosnold dis- 
covered in the year 1602, and called Cape Cod."H Juet, however, uses this 
word, not in the modern sense, but simply to convey the idea of exploration 
or survey. This was the common use of the word in English. In the con- 
tinental languages it was employed in the same way. The failure to appre- 
ciate this fact has led to blunders.** Verrazano says that he " discovered " 
(discoperto) countries that all the world knew were discovered in the mod- 
ern sense, that is found, many years before. Thus also Barlow " discovered " 
Virginia in 1584, at a time when the region was already famous ; while the 
Dutch in 1614 "discovered" portions of New England well depicted in 
the published French maps of 1609 and 1613. All such writers as Mourt 
(Morton), Smith, Bradford, Rosier and Josselyn, use the word "discover" 
in the sense of to explore or survey. Hubbard kept up the usage, and its 
general signification was always understood. Juet simply meant to say, 

* Allefonsce was of the opinion that the Penobscot ran to the St. Lawrence. See, also, 
Lok's map in " Verrazano the Explorer," and in " Divers Voyages." Smith probably re- 
ferred to this feature of Molyneux's map where he says that " New England is no island." 
" Advertisements," p. 20. 

f Hakluyt and others knew of Manan. See Mass. Coll., s. 3, vol. viii. pp. 105-23. They 
probably had their information from English voyagers. At Whale's Cove in Grand Manan 
copper is found on the surface to-day. 

X On Gosnold's voyage, which was an unauthorized venture, leading to the confisca- 
tion of his cargo by Sir Walter Ralegh, see the author's article in the Register, July, 1878. 

$ The Centennial Edition of his History, i. p. 88. Also Freeman's " Cape Cod," i. 29. 

fl See Introduction to Bishop White's Memoirs of the Protestant Episcopal Church, pp. 
viii. and ix., ed. 1880. Prior to 1583, at least two English expeditions visited the coast be- 
tween Nova Scotia and Cape Cod. This subject - , however, is reserved for separate treat- 
ment. It is possible, also, that Martin Frobisher sighted Cape Cod in 1586, when sailing 
home from Virginia. 

H The Hakluyt Society's Henry Hudson (Ashcr), p. 66. 

** See " Verrazano the Explorer," p. 39. 

1881. ] Cabo de Baxos. 55 

that this was the headland which Gosnold examined. If he had said more 
Juet would have proved that lie was badly informed concerning the pub- 
lished maps and relations. 

In this connection the claims of the Dutch have never been attended to 
sufficiently. Let us hear, therefore, the report of the Board of Accounts 
on New Netherlands, dated Dec. 15, 1644, taken from the archives at the 
Hague. It is said : 

"New Netherland, situate in America between English Virginia and 
New England, extending from the South river, lying in 34J degrees, to 
Cape Malabar, in the latitude of 41 \ degrees, was first frequented by the 
inhabitants of this country in the yen- L598, and especially by those of the 
Greenland Company, but without making any fixed settlements, only as a 
shelter in the winter. For which purpose they erected on the North and 
South Rivers there two little forts against the incursions of the Indians."* 

Mr. Brodhead puts this statement in a foot note, and says that " it needs 
confirmation. "f The confirmation, however, is at hand, though it is not 
found exactly where one would look for it. Nevertheless, Bradford says, 
in his letter to Sir Perdinando Gorges, of June 15, 1627, that the Dutch 
on the Hudson kk have used trading there this six or seven and twenty 
years," adding, they " have begun to plant there of later time."$ Brad- 
ford was certainly competent to speak on this subject. He lived in Holland 
in 1608, and thus had opportunities for becoming acquainted with Dutch 
enterprise, while his own interests would prevent him from making any over 
statement. It must be conceded, therefore, that the Dutch were thus 
early at the Hudson ; and, as the way home lay along Cape Cod towards 
the banks of Newfoundland, they must have been familiar with the region. 
The Hudson was their central point for the trade in peltry, and thence 
they ranged the coast far and wide. They did not publish their operations, 
which would have defeated their plans, but they went back and forth quietly 
collecting their gains, being contented with the solid profits. 

If any additional evidence were wanted, it could be found in connection 
with Allefousce, who was on the coast near the year 1542. In his narra- 
tive it was described as ' k a cape which is high land, and has a great Island 
and three or four small ones." The reference here appears to be the Eliza- 
beth group, possibly in connection with Nantucket. Eastward of the 
Cape was the River of Norumbega, and south-westerly was the Hudson, 
tk a great river of fresh water," in front of which lay Sandy Hook, described 
as an "island of sand."§ Allefonsce knew well the " mighty headland " 
of Gosnold, where " Highland " Light now stands. 

Regarding Gosnold himself, it is clear that he understood the situation 
when he came upon the coast. As the " Concord " approached the ter- 
minus of the Cape, Archer wrote : 

" The fifteenth day we had again sight of land, which made ahead, be- 
ing as we thought on an island, by reason of a large sound that appeared 

* N. Y. Col. Doc, i. 149. 

t History, i. 35. . ,, . . . . 

% Mass. Coll., iii. 57. The Dutch, however, in 1721, hesitated to " impeach the rights of 
the English." Col. Mss., vol. i. . , 

§ A full copy of the manuscript of Allefonsce, so far as it relates to America, was made 
for the writer under the supervision of the late M. D'Avezac-, and as he hopes some day to 
publish the translation, the subject is here simply touched upon. The extracts already pub- 
lished were drawn from the copy thus obtained. This extract, however, is from the printed 

56 Cabo de Baxos. [Jan. 

westward between it and the main, for coming to the west end thereof, 
we did perceive a large opening, we called it Shoal Hope."* 

Again he says, on the twenty-first, while coasting along the outside of 
the Cape to the southward, that they saw what they supposed to be the 
w end " of the water taken for " a large sound," and the narrative says, 
that finding " there were but three fathoms a league off, we omitted to 
make further discovery of the same, calling it Shoal-Hope."f 

But why did they apply the name of " Shoal Hope ?" First, why did 
they use the word " Hope ?" The answer is at hand. In the language of 
that period, the term " Hope " indeed had its modern signification, but to 
this was added another and a geographical meaning, being equivalent to an 
opening in the hills. The term, as used in the narrative, had a double sig- 
nification. Gosnold was on the lookout for a passage through the land to 
the Indies. As late as 1660 the land separating the Atlantic from the 
Pacific was supposed to be only about two hundred and fifty miles$ wide. 
When Gosnold saw the opeu water, he thought he had what, in modern 
parlance, is sometimes called " a fair show." In the tracts appended to 
the narrative of Gosnold's voyage, among the reasons urged in favor of 
exploration was, that some voyage would yet " conduct us to the hopes 
that men do greedily thirst after," and to a u way to be made part over- 
land and part by rivers and lakes into the South Sea unto Cathay, China 
and those passing rich countries lying in the east parts of the world." 

Hakluyt, in setting forth " Inducements " for the voyage " in 40 and 42 
degrees of latitude/' appended to Brereton, mentions as his fifth, " a great 
possibility of further discoveries of other regions from the north part of the 
same land by sea," thus giving the trade to the Indies. 

This was the beautiful dream of Gosnold and all the men of his time. 
Dermer, when at New York, in 1619, where Hudson vainly searched in 1609, 
fondly believed that he had reached the gateway to the east. It was every 
way fitting, therefore, to call what appeared to be a water gate through the 
land a "Hope." The term was perfectly intelligible to the geographers 
of the time. But why the "Shoal" Hope? This leads to the statement 
that Gosnold seemed to know his ground ; as before any shoal water is 
mentioned he applies the name of " Shoal Hope," while after the shallow 
water is found he confirms the name. It would appear that he had the great 
shoal in mind, and, knowing that he was near it, employed the equivalent 
of the Baxos that he had seen on the maps of Wytfliet, and read about on 
the English page of Linschoten. Others had found nothing to boast of or 
to assure their courage in passing along this region, but it would seem 
almost as though Gosnold desired to signalize his visit to this place, by con- 
necting it with something unique. 

That he knew his position is evident. He had come forth on this voy- 
age with the letter of Verrazano in his hand,§ and was in search of the 
region where the Island of Luisa lay, an island which, as " Claudia," was 
depicted near the Cape of Gamas on the map of Molyneux. It was the 
" situation in fourtie degrees" that Carlisle desired to colonize in 1583. || 
It was the exact region that Sir Humphrey Gilbert sailed for on his fatal 

* Mass. Coll., ser. 2, vol. viii. p. 74. 

f Ibid. p. 75. later a " Sound " was called " Gosnold's Hope." 
X '• Verrazano the Explorer," p. 57. 

$ See the proof in the Register, 1878. Also note the fact that Archer speaks of the 
destination of the voyage as " our purposed place." Mass. Coll., s. 3, vol. viii. p. 73. 
|| Hakluyt, iii. 184. 

1881.] Cabo de Baxos. 57 

voyage. This Hakluyt declares when he prints upon the margin of his 
page which refers to Claudia, " The countrey of Sir 11. G. Voyage."* The 
old "sirtis" of Verrazano, therefore, crops out in connection with the 
hope of a route to the opulent Cathay through what is now the territory 
of Massachusetts. f He gave the name of Cape Cod to the cape, possibly, 
in a merry mood, as the cod took so readily to his bait. Bradford gives a 
tolerable resume of the subject when he writes: 

" A word or two by y c way of this cape ; it was thus first named by Cap- 
ten Gosnold and his company. An": L602, and after by Capten Smith was 
caled Cape James; but it retains y e former name amongst sea-men. Also 
y* point which first, showed those dangerous shoulds unto them, they called 
Pointe Care, and Tucker's Terrour ; but by y e French and Dutch* to this 
day call it JMalabarr, by reason of those perilous shoulds and ye losses 
they have suffered there."! 

But though the English sailors relished the name given by Gosnold, it 
did not immediately pass into geography. In 1603, Wytfliet published ano- 
ther edition of his work, as already 0D8< rved, containing the map of 1597, 
with the Cape indicated as " Baxos," and in its proper place, in opposition 
to A I creator. 

In 1G05 Champlain came to the C ape, and he says that he named it 
" Cape Blanc," since it contained sands and dunes which had a white ap- 
pearance^ On one of his maps, however, he calls it " C. Mallebare," the 
bad shoal, or Baxos. 

In 1608, the Fascicvlvs Geographicvs\\ lavs down " C. Baixo" where 
Cape Cod should be, while the kv B. de ensenada" or Bay of Fundy stands 
in its proper position between "Baixo" and Cape " de Breton." Where 
the Hudson should appear there is an indication of habitations, and a river, 
with the word " Comakee." Sandy Book is not found under any name; 
while the name of that Cape, " de las Arenas," is attached to the region 
of Cape Hatteras, with Virginian names standing northward of it. No 
new English map had appeared since that of 1G00; though the next year 
Lescarbot published his Nouvelle France, with a map of the coast, giving 
Cape Cod feebly defined as " Malebarre." 

In 1609, after landing on Cape Cod, and passing a night entangled in 
the ancient Baxos, Henry Hudson went southward and reached the Hud- 
son. All his movements indicate that he knew of the river previously 
through Smith, and that his object was to explore with reference to a route 
to the Indies.^ 

* " Divers Voyages," p. 64. Hakluyt clearly knew that Mercator gave the wrong lati- 
tude as well as wrong name to the Island. 

f The strait passing westward from Cape Gamas was, possibly, suggested hy Long Island 
Sound, which had not been explored, and which might have been regarded as running to 
the St. Lawrence. 

t Mass. Coll., s. 4, vol. iii. p. 77. 

$ (Euvres, ii. 64. 

II " Fascicvlvs geosraphievs Complectens prrecipvarvm TOTivs orbis Regionum tabulas 
circitcr centum, vim cum enrundem'Enarrationibus," &c. Coin am Rein Bey Iohan Bux- 
emacher. MDCVIII. fol. 84. 

IT The Dutch themselves declare that Hudson proposed two things to his crew, the first 
of which was to "proceed on the latitude of 40 degrees to the coast of America, being 
chieflv moved to this by letters and charts which one Captain Smith had sent him from Vir- 
ginia." N. York Coll., s. 2, vol. ii. p. 369. Juet, the pilot, must have had the letter of Ver- 
razano before him in Hakluyt's version, ns was the case with Gosnold. Juet says, ' The 
land is very pleasant and high," and Verrazano savs " a very pleasant place among ccr- 
taine steepe hilles "; and while the former speaks of the harbor as " an open sea, and ' a 
good harbour for all windes," the latter savs it was a " pleasant lake,' and " well tensed 
from the winde." Asher's Hudson, p. 78, and " Divers Voyages," p. 63. 


58 Gabo de Baxos, [Jan. 

Magnin, in 1611, pays no attention to Gosnold, and, to illustrate his text, 
uses a map like that of 1603. Mercator's double representation of the 
Island of Louisa, under the names of " Claudia " and " Briso," are still 
retained and put in latitude 44°, east of the Penobscot ; but eastward of 
the Penobscot is " Cap Hondo," or Cape Sable, intended for the mouth of 
the Bay Hondo ; while in a south-westerly direction, where it belongs, is 
" C. Baixo."* 

In 1613 Champlain published his work, but paid no attention to Gos- 
nold. He does not even mention him. The Dutch " Figurative map " ox 
1614, first shows Cape Cod fairly delineated, but the map remained unpub- 
lished until recent times. The English surveys are not indicated, though 
French names translated into Dutch are taken from Lescarbot and Cham- 
plain. This map represents genuine work by the Dutch, who examined 
the cape carefully, and called Plymouth Harbor " Crane Bay."| On this 
map Cape Cod is " Staten hoeck," and Sandy Hook is " Sandpunt." " C. 
Mallebarre " is attached to the shoals out at sea. 

Cape Cod does not appear in any published map as Cape Cod until Sir 
William Alexander published his map in 1624. This map does not include 
the region of Sandy Hook, though the Bay of Fundy is called " ArgaPs 
Bay."$ The map of New England made by the English, however, did not 
prove very serviceable to some navigators. When off the Cape, in 1605, 
Waymouth's chronicler says, " We found our sea charts very false, putting 
land where none is."§ Gosnold, it would appear, did not improve the car- 
tology. Though Smith directed Hudson to search in latitude 40° N., on 
this point he is very emphatic, saying : 

" I have had six or seauen plats of those Northern parts, so vnlike each to 
other, and most so differing from any true proportion, or resemblance of 
the Countrey, as they did me no more good, then so much waste paper, 
though they cost me more."|| Smith, in his own map, published in 1616, 
calls the Cape " Cape James." 

The Mercator of Hondius, in 1619, ignored the explorations of Gosnold 
and Champlain, but they put the ancient Baxos in its proper place west of 
the Penobscot, Hondius thus correcting his master, while " C. Hondo " is 
applied to the region of the Bay of Fundy. The latitudes on this map cor- 
respond with Mercator's of 1569, and dissent from those of Wytfliet and 
Magnin, which put Claudia near 44° W. Another map from Hondius, 
given by Purchas in 1625, corresponds with the representation of Baxos in 
1619. In the same volume Purchas gives a map of New England, which 
was an improvement upon Alexander's, and with Cape Cod well delineated 
in the modern way, and with its present name.1I 

* " Histoire Vniverselle des Indes Occidentales," &c. A Dovav : Chez Francois Fabri. 
L'an 1611, p. 95. 

f This was probably the work of De Witt and Volckertsen, 'of " the Little Fox" and 
"the Crane," in 1613. Brodhead's "New York," p. 46 and 757. O'Callaghan's "New 
York," vol. i., and Doc. Hist. N. York, i. 13. 

X Encouragements, p. 216. 

§ Mass. Coll., s. 3, vol. viii. p. 131. It may be observed here, that De Bry, in 1619 and 
1624, has maps without Cape Cod. 

|| Smith, in his Description of New England, London, 1616, after speaking of the work 
of Gosnold, Waymouth and others, says, " I must entreat them to pardon me ... if 
I offend in saying that their true descriptions are concealed, or neuer well observed, or died 
with the Authors : so that this Coast is yet still but euen as a Coast vnknowne and vndis- 
couered." Boston reprint, p. 22. 

1 Pilgrimes, iii. 857-53, and vol. iv. p. 1873. In the answers found in the " One Hundred 
Prize Questions" (Montreal, 1880), the name of the Bay of Fundv is incorrectly deduced 
from " Fond de la Baie Franchise." See " Verrazano the Explorer," p. 38. 

1881.] Margaret Locke, wife of Gov. Willoughby. 59 

Coming to the year 1G33, we find that the Mercator of Hondius dismisses 
B;ixos to the limbo of geographical antiquities. The word had done its 
work for the time, and Gosnold's term, "Cape Cod," superseded all other 
names. Nevertheless, "Cabo <le Baxos" is now drawn out of its obscu- 

»rity and sent forth into the world to perform a duty too long delayed, and 
to witness to the honorable and adventurous activity of men who braved 
the danger of Verrazano's " Birds " half a century before Bartholomew 
Gosnold coasted our rugged shores. 


By Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., of London, England. 

[In the Register for January, 187G, was printed an account of 
the Willoughby family, by Isaac J. Greenwood, Esq., of New 
York, who give-, among other notes from the will of Margaret, the 
third wife of Deputy Governor Willoughby, the following, viz. : 
that she left "to her sister Elizabeth Loch £100, due her out of 
rents in England." This sentence, meeting the eye of Col. Chester 
of London, threw a flood of light upon what had long been a gene- 
alogical mystery to him. In working out the family history of 
Mr. P. A. Taylor, M.P. for Leicester, his intimate friend, and a 
warm friend to the United States, descended from Daniel Taylor, 
a wealthy merchant of London, a great Cromwellian, and one of 
the Commissioners of Customs during the Commonwealth, Col. 
Chester found that Daniel Taylor married a second wife named 
Margaret ; and after many years he discovered that she was a daugh- 
ter of William Lock, of Wimbledon, Surrey, Gent., and found rea- 
son to suppose, from some of the family papers, that she had re-mar- 
ried a Willoughby. The sentence above quoted from Margaret 
Willoughby's will gave the needed clew, and opened a place for her 
in the Lock pedigree, which Col. Chester had already drawn up, 
including "all the Locks who ever lived in England." The follow- 
ing abstract of these researches of our learned fellow-countryman was 
kindly sent by him to Mrs. Salisbury, wife of Prof. Edward E. 
Salisbury, of New Haven; and is by her contributed to the Reg- 
ister, with some few notes added by her husband. Mrs. Salisbury 
is a lineal descendant, both on the side of her father Judge Mc- 
Curdy, and that of her mother Sarah Ann Lord, of Lyme, Conn., 
from Gov. Willoughby by his third wife Margaret, through their 
daughter Susannah, wife of Nathaniel Lynde, of Saybrook, Conn., 
a brother of the first Chief Justice Benjamin Lynde, of Massa- 

The paper here published, while interesting to a wide family-cir- 
cle, cannot fail also to attract the notice of students of our colo- 

GO Margaret Locke , wife of Gov. Willoughby. [Jan. 

nial history, to whom the name of Gov. Willoughby must have be- 
come familiar. Col. Chester's authorship will give it additional 
value for comparison with the " Historical Account of the Locke 
Family in England," reprinted from the " Gentleman's Magazine " 
for 1792, Vol. 62, which is appended to the K Book of the Lockes" 
by John Goodwin Locke, a member of the New England Historic, 
Genealogical Society, published at Boston in 1853. Prof. Salisbury's 
notes give some additional details respecting certain persons of 
the name in England, drawn from this last named work, and point 
out a difference or two between the two statements. But Col. Ches- 
ter's paper will be found distinguished by a completeness and tho- 
roughness, genealogically considered, beyond comparison with the 
older account.] 

I. William Locke (Lock, Lok, or Loke, as the name was indifferently 
spelt in early times) had two sons, viz., John Locke, citizen and mercer of 
London, who died in 1519, leaving no issue, and 

II. Thomas Locke, also citizen and mercer of London, who died in 1507. 
By his wife Joanna Wilcocks, of Rotheram, co. York, who died in 1512, and 
was buried with her husband in Mercer's Chapel, he had an only son, viz., 

III. Sir William Locke, Knight, Alderman of London, who was born 
about 1486, as he was admitted to the freedom of London, at the end of his 
apprenticeship, in 1507. He succeeded to his father's business and estate, 
and became an eminent tradesman and citizen. lie received the royal ap- 
pointment of Mercer to King Henry VI II., with whom he was an especial 
favorite,* having a key to the King's Private Chamber, and occasionally 
entertaining him at dinner at his house in London. There are records 
in existence showing materials furnished by him to the royal household, in- 
cluding Queen Anna Boleyn and the Princess, afterwards Queen, Eliza- 
beth, as also Will Somers, the King's Jester. After being several years 
an alderman, he was elected Sheriff of London in 1548, and was knighted 
on the 3d of October in that year, but died before it was his turn to become 
Lord Mayor. 

Sir William Locke married four wives : 

1st. Alice, daughter of a citizen and fishmonger of London named 
Spencer, who has not yet been identified. She died in 1522, and was 
buried in Mercers' Chapel. 

2d. Catherine, daughter of William Cooke, of Salisbury. She died in 
childbed of her eleventh child (Sir William's twentieth) 14 Oct., 1537, 
and was buried at Merton, in Surrey. 

3d. Eleanor, widow of Walter Marsh. They were married at St. Law- 
rence, Old Jewry, London, 13 May, 1540, her first husband having 
been buried there the preceding 20th of January. She died in 1546, 
having had no issue. 


4th. Elizabeth, widow of Robert Meredith, citizen and mercer of Lon- 

* In the 25th year of Henry "VIII., William Locke " undertook to go over to Dunkirk 
and pull down the pope's hull which had been there posted up by way of a curse to the 
Kingand kingdom. For this exploit the King granted him a freehold of £100. per annum, 
dubbed him knight, and made him one of the gentlemen of his privy chamber." The 
crest — " A hand ppr. holding up a cushion or" — given by Burke to the Lockes, with the 
shield described by Col. Chester at the end of this paper, probably symbolizes this ex- 
ploit as an upholding of the Protestant pulpit. 

1881.] Margaret Locke, wife of Gov. Willoughby. 61 

don, and formerly wife of Hutton. Their marriage-license was 

granted 28 January, L 547-8, her husband Meredith having been bu- 
ried at St. Lawrence, Jewry, 9 Jan., 154G-7. She survived Sir Wil- 
liam Locke, having no issue by him, and was buried in Mercers' 
Chapel, London, 5 Dec, 1551. The curious feature of this marriage 
was that sin- wis the second wife and widow of Sir William Locke's 
own son-in-law. Robert Meredith having first married a daughter of 
Sir William by bis first wife, as will be seen hereafter. 
Sir William Locke died at the age of about 64, on the 24th, and was 
buried in Mercers' Chape] 27 August, 1550. (In the " Diary of Henry 
Machyn," published by the Camden Society, will be found an account of his 
burial, at page I, and at page 12 an imperfect one of that of his last wife.) 

By bis second wife, Catherine Cook, Sir William Locke had eleven child- 
ren, viz., Dorothy, Catherine, John, Alice, Thomazin, Francis and a sec- 
ond John, of none of whom is there anything of particular interest to re- 
cord. The first two married tradesmen in London, and the others died 
without issue. 

Elizabeth, one of the daughters, married, first, Richard Hill, citizen and 
mercer of London, and second, after bis death in 15G8, the Right Rev. 
Nicholas Bullingham, Bishop of Worcester. l>y her first husband she had 
thirteen children, one of whom, Mary, married Sir Thomas Mouncleford, 
and was mother of Bridget, who married Sir John Bramston, Lord Chief 
Justice of the King's Bench. 

Rose, another of the daughters, married, first, Anthony Hickman, of Lon- 
don, Esq., and second, Simon Throckmorton, of Brampton, co. Hunting- 
ton, Esq. By her first husband she \\;i^ ancestress of the Earls of Ply- 
mouth, their grandson Dixie Hickman having married Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of Henry, fifth Lord Windsor, and bad a son Thomas, who suc- 
ceeded his uncle (by limitation of the patent) as seventh Lord Windsor, 
and was created Earl of Plymouth, 6 bee., 10tf2. The title became ex- 
tinct only on the deatli of the eighth Earl, 8 Dec, 1843* 

Of the sons,t Michael Locke became a merchant of eminence in London, 
and was twice married : first, to Joane, daughter of William Wilkinson, 
Sheriff of London, and second, to Margery, widow of Dr. Caesar Adelmare, 
by whom she was the mother of the celebrated Sir Julius Cassar. Michael 

* This daughter of Sir William Locke, in certain "memoires" originally inserted in a 
family Bible, and long carefully preserved in the female line of her descendants, " says that 
in the tyme other first husband, Anthony Hickman, after the death of Edward the Sixth, 
Queen Mary changinge the religion, her husband and her elder brother Thomas Lock, be- 
inge merchants ami partners, they liued to geather and sheltred manie of the godlie 
preachers in theire house ; but the Queen inioyninge all to come to mass, and persecutmge 
the refusers, they were forced to let them goe, giuiug them monie ; she mentions Hooper, 
Fox, Knox, and'one Reinger. for which her husband and brother beinge questioned before 
the commissioners (she calls them high commissioners) were committed close prisoners to 
the Fleete, and then shee tells how they gott out ; . . . . after which she says her husband 
went to Antwerpe, tooke a house there at 40 pounds rent, sent for her, but she being with 
child could not goe, but went into Oxfordshire to a gentleman's house . . . wher she was 
deliuered ; names not the child . . . but says she went to Cranmcr, Latimer and Ridlie, 
prisoners then in Oxford, to know whether she might christen her child in the Popish man- 
ner. They answered her that baptisme was the least corrupted in that church, and there- 
fore she might . . . but she says she put sugar instead of salt into the handkercher which 
was to be deliuered vnto the priest, after which she went to Antwerpe to her husband, lett 
2 houses of her husband's, well furnished, one in London, another at Rumlord,. taking noe- 
thing but one feather bed "... etc. __ .„■>,. .*,. 

t This is in conformity with the statement of the " Gentleman's Magazine, and not with 
that of the author of the " Book of the Lockes," who conjectured that this Michael was a 
brother rather than a son of Sir William. From Michael was descended, in the iourtn 
generation, the philosopher John Locke, born Aug. 29, 1632. 

VOL. XXXV. 6* 

62 Margaret Locke, wife of Gov. Willoughby. [Jan. 

Locke had by his first wife five sons and three daughters, the eldest of 
whom, Zachary Locke, Esq., died in 1603, being then Member of Parlia- 
ment for the Borough of Sonthwark. 

The interesting fact in the history of Michael Locke is that he was the 
original patron of the celebrated Sir Martin Frobisher in his earliest expe- 
ditions.* He was living as late as 1611. 

The other son, Henry Locke, was also a citizen and merchant of London. 
He married Anne Vanghan, and had issue a daughter Anne, who married 
Robert Moyle, of Cornwall, whose descendants intermarried with the St. 
Aubyns and Prideauxs, among the best families in that connty ; and two 
sons, viz., Michael, to whom the historian Hakluyt left a legacy in his will ; 
and Henry Locke (or Lok), a poet of some note in his day, an edition of 
whose scarce productions was issued in 1871 by the Rev. Dr. Grosart 
(nearly the whole of the biographical introduction to which I had the plea- 
sure of furnishing, and which upset all the conjectures and theories of 
previous writers). 

We now return to the children of Sir William Locke by his first wife, 
Alice Spencer, who were nine in number, eight sons and one daughter, viz. : 

William, Peter, Richard, and William, the first, second, fourth and 
fifth sons, all died in infancy or childhood, before their mother. Philip, the 
seventh son, died in 1524, unmarried. Edmund, the sixth son, lived until 
1545, but died unmarried. One of the old heralds added to the entry in 
one of the visitation-pedigrees : *' He died for love of Sir Brian Tuke's 

Matthew Locke, the eighth son and youngest child, but second surviving, 
was a citizen and mercer of London, and married Elizabeth Baker, by 
whom he had an only daughter Elizabeth, who married Richard Candler, 
Esq., and had an only daughter Anne, who married Sir Ferdinando Hey- 
borne, Kt., one of the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber to Queen Eliza- 
beth. Matthew Locke died in 1552. 

Joane (or Jane, for she is called both), the only daughter, married Rob- 
ert Meredith, citizen and mercer of London, who, after her death, remar- 
ried Elizabeth Hutton, widow, who in turn, after his death, remarried Sir 
William Locke, father of his first wife. From this Robert Meredith and 
Jane Locke descends the present Earl of Romney, through their daughter 
Mary, who married Richard Springham, whose daughter Magdalen mar- 
ried Thomas Marsham, whose son was Sir John Marsham, Baronet, whose 
grandson was created Lord Romney in 1716, whose grandson was created 
Earl of Romney in 1801. 

We return now to the third son, but eldest and only surviving child, of 
Sir William Locke, by Alice Spencer, his first wife, viz. : 

IV. Thomas Locke, who was born on the 8th of February, 1514-15, 
and became, like his fathers, a citizen and mercer of London. He married, 

* In the Cottonian Library is a MS. written by this Michael Locke, in which he says that 
at the age of thirteen " he was sent over the seas to Flanders and France, to learn their 
languages, and to know the world, since which time he has continued these 32 years to tra- 
vel in body and mind, following his vocation in the trade of merchandize, passing through 
many countries, had the charge of and captain of a great ship of more than 1000 tons, three 
years in divers voyages; and that he has more than 200 sheets of MSS. of his travels." 

Hakluvt's Voyages contain a " History of Sir Martyn Frobishere's Voyage for the Dis- 
covery of a Passage towards Cathay, in 1^74, written by Michael Locke, Locke himself 
being a great adventurer therein ;" and Hakluyt speaks thus of the map: " Tne mappe is 
master Michael Locke's, a man for his knowledge in divers languages, and especially in 
cosmographie, able to do his country good, and worthy in my judgment, for the manifolde 
good partes in him, of good reputation and better fortune." 

1881.] Margaret Locke, wife of Gov, Willoughby. 63 

19 Jan., 1544-5, at St. Peter's, Cheapside, London, Mary, daughter of 
Simon Long, of the Isle of Wight, who, after his death, remarried Dr. 
Owen, and subsequently Sir William Allen, Kt., Alderman of London. In 
1552-3 he obtained from King Edward VI. a grant of the Rectory of Mer- 
ton, co. Surrey, which remained in the family for about one hundred years, 
when it was sold.* His line had their residence during this period at Mer- 
ton Abbey, some members of it, however, continuing in business in London. 
He died at his London house, which was in Walbrook, and was buried in 
Mercers' Chapel, 30 Oct., 1556. His issue were five sons and two daugh- 
ters, viz., William, Rowland, Matthew, John, Thomas, Mary and Anne, 
some of whom died before their father, and of the others no subsequent 
trace has been found, except the third son, viz. : 

V. Matthew Locke, who, as eldest (and probably only) surviving son, 
succeeded to the estate at Merton. He was born about 1558. He mar- 
ried Margaret, third daughter of his stepfather, Sir William Allen (his 
mother's third husband) by his first wife Joan, daughter of John Daborne, 
of Guildford, co. Surrey. He died in June, 1599, as "Matthew Locke, 
Esquire, of Merton," and was buried with his fathers in Mercers' Chapel, 
London. His widow remarried Sir Thomas Muschampe, Kt., of London, 
and of Mitcham, co. Surrey, whom she also survived. She died 25 Aug., 
1624, and was buried with her first husband in Mercers' Chapel. 

Their issue were as follows : 

1. Thomas Locke, who succeeded to the estate at Merton, which he sold in 1646. 

He died about February, 1056-7, leaving a widow Jane and several children. 

2. Robert Locke, who continued the business in London, where he died. He was 

buried at St. Alphage, 9 Sept., 1625, and appended to the entry of his burial 
in the Parish Register are the descriptive words "a good parishioner." 
By his wife Elizabeth, who was living his widow as late as 1647, he had 
four sons and three daughters, viz., Matthew, William, Robert, Thomas, 
Mary, Elizabeth and Margaret, of whom Thomas and Margaret died before 
their father, and Williamdied before 1047. At this last date Matthew and 
Robert were still living, the former being then a citizen and scrivener of 
London, as also Mary, married to Hugh Justice, and Elizabeth, married to 
Edward Mason. 

3. Francis Locke, who was living in 1599, but of whom I find no later trace. 

4. William Locke, of whom hereafter. 

5. Mary, who was still living in 1023, wife of Edward Thrille. 

6. Elizabeth, who was living in 1599, but died unmarried before 1623. 

7. Anne, who died unmarried between 13 April and 23 May, 1623, and directed 

in her will to be buried in Mercers' Chapel. 

The fourth son of Matthew Locke and Margaret Allen, viz. : 

VI. William Troche, was sometime of Merton, and afterwards of Wim- 
bledon, co. Surrey, his condition, as near as I can make out, being that of 
a country-gentleman in comfortable circumstances. He married Susanna, 
one of the daughters and coheirs of Roger Cole, of St. Saviour's, South- 
wick, co. Surrey, Gentleman, one of the Proctors of the Court of Arches. 
In 1623, the date of the Heralds' Visitation, they had only a daughter 
Mary living, from which it is evident that the marriage had taken place not 
very long before. This daughter Mary probably died young, as she was 
not named in her father's will, which was made 10 June, 1661, and of which 
the following is a full abstract : 

* Merton estates seem to have been held by members of the Locke family at an earlier 
period, perhaps even as early as 1291, certainly in 1499. The author of " Book of the 
Lockes " says he thinks " it is evident that they belonged to the Lockes before 1552, as the 
second wife of Sir William Locke was buried there, Oct. 14, 1537, and Sir William himselt 
in 1550." 

64 Margaret Locke, wife of Gov. WUloughby. [Jan. 

I, William Lock, of Wimbledon, co. Surrey, Gentleman— As to the houses in 
St. Saviour's, Southwark, given and bequeathed by my father in law Mr. Roger 
Cole to Susanna my wife and her children, whereas there is an agreement between 
mv children that said houses shall remain to such of them as I and their mother 
shall appoint, on condition of my settling on the rest of them portions of a greater 
value than the divisions of said houses would amount to, which portions I have 
made good to my three eldest daughters, Hannah, Susannah and Margaret, whom 
I have bestowed in marriage, and whereas I shall lease an estate m land tor lho- 
mas my son, and provide otherwise for Elizabeth my daughter, I now appoint that 
five brick tenements, and another known formerly as the Gaden House, all on the 
ground given by Mr. Roger Cole as aforesaid, shall remain to my daughter Sarah 
Lock and her heirs forever, and the two other houses in said parish, next the 
Thames, in tenure of Mr. Robert Bowes, I give to my daughter Jane Lock and 
her heirs forever— To my wife Susanna 4 brick tenements, called Beane .Acre, in 
Lambeth, co. Surrey, she giving £200 thereout to my daughter Elizabeth— lo the 
poor of Wimbledon, £3— All residue to my wife, whom I appoint my executrix. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 7 June? 
1664, by Susanna Lock, relict and executrix. She was still living 25 Oct., 
1670, when she proved the will of her daughter Jane, after which I have 
failed to find any further trace of her. All that I have been able to ascer- 
tain concerning their children is as follows : 

1. Thomas Locke, only son, who was still living 19 March, 1669-70, with two 

children, Henry and Susanna. 

2. Mary, who, as we have seen, evidently died young. 

3. Hannah, who married, before her father's will, Thomas Bragne. Both were 

living 1669-70. , _ T 

4. Susanna, who married at Wimbledon, Surrey, 8 Oct., 1657, the Rev James 

Stephenson, then the Puritan Vicar of Martock, in Somersetshire, who was 
ejected in 1662 (see an account of him in Palmer's ' k Nonconformists Memo- 
rial," ii. 371), to whom she was second wife. She was buried at Martock, 
25 April, 1662, leaving two daughters, Susanna and Mary, who were both 
living in 1669-70. 

5. Margaret, of whom hereafter. , ,. ,, ... 

6. Elizabeth, who was still unmarried at the date of her sister Margaret s will, 

21 Aug., 1680. , ,. , _ _ 1A _. . 

7. Sarah, who was living unmarried in 1661, but evidently died before 19 March, 

1669-70, as she was not named in the will of her sister Jane. 

8. Jane, who died unmarried. She made her will 19 March, 1669-70, as ot Wim- 

bledon, Surrey, "one of the daughters of William Locke, Gentleman, de- 
ceased.'" The following is a full abstract of it : 

To my dear and honourable mother Mrs. Susanna Locke, £20— To my 
brother Mr. Thomas Locke £10.— To my sister Mrs. Hannah Bragne £20— 
to my sister Mrs. Margaret WUloughby £10.— To my sister Mrs. Elizabeth 
Locke £20— To Francis and Susanna the two children of my sister Wil- 
loughby each 50 shillings— To Susanna and Henry Locke, the children of my 
brother, and to Susanna and Mary, the children of my sister Stephenson, 
each 20 shillings— To the poor £5, at the discretion ot my brother Mr. I no- 
mas Bragne— To the poor of Wimbledon 40 shillings— All residue to my 
mother Mrs. Susanna Locke, and I make her my executrix. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 25 Oct., 
1670, by the executrix. 

I have searched every possible source for the wills of the mother Su- 
sanna, and Thomas the son, in vain, and, as they were not named by Mar- 
garet WUloughby in her will, the presumption is that they died before her. 

We now return to the fourth daughter and fifth child of William Locke 
and Susanna Cole, viz. : 

VII. Margaret Locke. She was first married at Clapham, co. Surrey, 
8 August, 1 654, to Daniel Taylor, a wealthy citizen and haberdasher of 
London, descended from an ancient family in Huntingtonshire, ancestor of 

1881.] Margaret Locke , wife of Gov. Willoughby. 65 

Peter Alfred Taylor, Esq., for many years and still M.P. for Leicester. 
She was Mr. Taylor's second wife, he having buried his first on the pre- 
ceding 3d of February. He settled upon her a considerable jointure 
and (lied within a year after the marriage, being buried in London on 
the 20th of April, 1G55. She had no issue by him. She remarried, proba- 
bly in London (exactly when or where it is impossible to ascertain, 
owing to the deficiencies and irregularities in parish-registers at this 
precise period), certainly as early as 1659, Francis Willoughby, Esq., who 
had been some years in New England, but had returned to England, and 
was one of the two members for the borough of Portsmouth in the last 
Parliament of the Commonwealth, which assembled on the 27th of January, 
1658-9, and was dissolved on the "22d of April following. In the parish- 
register of St. Olave, Hart Street, London, is an entry that their son 
Francis was born 29 Feb., 1659-60. They shortly after emigrated to New 
England, and the rest of their history must there be sought. 

The maternal descent of Margaret Locke-Taylor- Willoughby was as 
follows : 

I. William Cole, of Hittisleigh, co. Devon, livimr 1243, whose heir, 
II. Roger Cole* was of ChumTeigh, in the same county, and was living as 
late as 1301, in which year lie is supposed to have been slain in an ex- 
pedition against the Scots, as also his son and heir 

III. Roger Cole, whose son and heir 

IV. John Cole was summoned to represent the county of Devon in Parliament 

in 1323-4, and was living in 1341. His son and heir 

V. Sir John Cola, of Brixham, was in the military service, and was knighted 

on the field, in France, 25 July, 1380. He married Anne, daughter and 
heiress of Sir Nicholas Bodrigan, Kt., of Gorrans, in Cornwall, by whom 
he had issue 

VI. Sir William Cole, Kt., who married Margaret, daughter of Sir Henry 

Beanpell, Kt.. and was father of 
VII. Sir John Cole, Kt., who attended the Duke of Gloucester at the battle of 
A<;ineourt, 25 Oct., 1415, and is supposed to have then received his knight- 
hood. By li is wife Agnes, daughter of Sir Fitzwarine, Kt., he had 

four sons, of whom the third, 
VITI. William Cole, had two sons, the younger of whom, 
IX. William Cole, was father of 

X. John Cole, of Sudbury, co. Suffolk. (Thus far the descent is from the 
elaborate pedigree drawn up in 1630 by William Segar, Garter King of 
Arras. What follows is in the outline from the Heralds' Visitations, but 
elaborated from my own researches.) He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of John Martyn, by whom he had five sons. Our line is through the 
second son, viz. 
XI. William Cole, of Sudbury, who married Catalina, daughter of Ferdinando 
de Gallegos, a Spaniard of noble extraction, by whora he had two sons, 
the eldest of whom died without issue, when the second became heir, viz. 
XII. Rogtr Cole, of St. Saviour's, Southwark, co. Surrey, who signed the Visi- 
tation-pedigree of 1623, naming his wife as Anne, daughter of Edward 
Maisters, of Rotherhithe, co. Surrey ; his sons Roger, Roger (the second) 
and John, as all dead without issue ; and his three daughters, viz., Eliza- 
beth, married to William Plaud, of London; Catalina, then unm. ; and 
XIII. Susanna, then wife of William Lock, of Merton, co. Surrey. 

It will be seen, therefore, that, Susanna Cole being a coheiress, her hus- 
band William Locke was entitled to impale her arms, which are — Argent, 
a bull passant gules, armed Or, within a bordure sable bezantee. 

The arms of Locke are — Per fesse azure and or, in chief 3 falcons volant 
of the second. 

It follows, also, that the descendants of Francis Willoughby and Mar- 
garet Locke, who are entitled to bear arms, have the right to quarter these 
two coats. 

London, 27 Feb., 1880. 

66 Letters of Gov. Shirley and Col. Moulton. [Jan. 


Communicated by N. J. Herrick, Esq., of Washington, D. C. 

I SEND for the Register another letter of Gov. Shirley to Col. 
Pepperrell (ante, xxxiv. 384). The Hon. Jeremiah Moulton, 
who signs the letter enclosing it, was colonel of the Third Massa- 
chusetts Regiment (see Register, xxiv. 371). An account of 
Judge Hill, to whom Moulton's letter is addressed, will be found in 
this periodical, xii. 263. 

Boston April 19 th , 1744. 
Sr. These are to Direct you forthwith to Send out Your Orders to the 
Several Commanders of the Military Companies in the Regiment under 
your Command to take a perfect List of all persons in their District obliged 
by Law to appear under Arms upon any Alarm and to take Effectual Care 
that all Such persons & all others be Compleatly furnished with Arms & Am- 
munition according to the Directions of the Law; And Transmit to You the 
Lists so taken as also an acco* how they find the persons within their Com- 
panies provided. And thereupon You do as Soon as may be make out a 
List of the Companies in Your Regiment — Expressing the names of the 
Commission officer only and the number of the whole ; and also that You 
Report to me in what Condition the Companies Generally are as to Arms 
& Ammunition — And that you take an acco* from the Selectmen of each 
Town in Your Regiment of their Town Stock of Arms & Ammunition and 
Examin them by Law and Your Lists & Inform me Immediately Particu- 
larly as to each Town how far they are Conformable to the Law in that 
Case. Yr. friend & Servant 

To Coll° William Pepperrell. 

Kittery May 14 th 1744. 
Dear Sr. 

The above is a Copy of a Letter I Received but last Friday from the 
Govern 1 . I would have you forthwith to Send the Same to Berwick and 
Direct each Cap* Immediately to comply with said orders and to send me a 
list of their men and how they are provided with arms & ammunition both 
the men and the Town for a Stock. I have Directed Maj° Shapleigh to 
Inquire into this Town and Do you for York and be sure to Dispatch the 
inclobed Letters forthwith. 

Cap* Edward Tyng Commander of the Province Galley called me out| 
of my Bed last night about 12 of the Clock and Shewed me a Letter from 
Govern 1 " Shirley that Directed him to proceed Directly to Annapolis Royal 
with a letter to Maj or Malcoreane in a Letter that the Govern 1 " writ to Cap* 1 
Tyng he saith that War was proclaimed with France. I every minute ! 
expect a Letter from the Govern 1- of the same Contents which when I re- 
ceive you shall know. 


The Atherton Family in England. 


My Desire is to meet you at Berwick Tomorrow morning. If you think 
it will not be safe to go to Phillips Town without the Troop with their 
Pistols & Guns you may give Cap 1 Shapleigh orders to meet us accordingly. 
I am your assured Friend & Serv't 

Jer. Moulton. 
To the Hon ble John Hill Esq r . 


Communicated by John C. J. Brown, Esq., of Boston. 

HPHE county palatine of Lancaster has always been distinguished for its 
1_ ancient families whose names were the same as their manorial estates ; 
some of the old families of New England were branches of them, as Stand- 
ish of Standish of which Duxbury was originally a part (represented by 
Myles Standish, Plymouth) ; Atherton of Atherton (represented by 
Humphrey and James Atherton, Dorchester and Milton); Mawdesley of 
Mawdesley (represented by John and Henry Mawdesley of Dorchester), 
whose descendants in New England changed their name to Moseley. Some- 
times it is said that the existence of a mythical ancestor is never questioned, 
if he is stated to have been located within Lancashire in a location corres- 
ponding in name with his own, as ki Simon Browne of Browne Hall," which 
is literally giving " to airy nothing a local habitation and a name."* 

The Record Society of Lancashire has commenced the publication of 
ancient records, which will be of great assistance in connecting our ancestry, 
who emigrated from that county, with the long pedigrees of the line of 
eldest sons and immediate collateral relatives which have previously been 
published by the Chetham Society. 

The extract given below may refer to the Major Gen. Humphrey Ather- 
ton, who, upon his way home to Dorchester, after a review of the troops on 
Boston Common, Sept. 17, 1661, was killed by being thrown from his horse, 
which stumbled over a cow lying in the road. 

" Inquisition taken at Wigan, 18 January, 11th James— 1613-14, before Edward 
Rigbye, Esq., Escheator, after the death of Edmund Atherton of Winstanley, by 
oath of Robert Marklaml of Wigan, Gentleman, and the other jurors named in the 
previous inquisition, who say that the said Edmund was seised of a messuage in 
Billindge and 4 acres of arable land, 4 acres of meadow and 6 acres of pasture there- 
to belonging, which are held of Richard Fleetwood, Knt. and Bart, as his Barony 
of Newton, in free and common socage by fealty and a pepper-corn rent, and are 
worth per annum (clear) 20s. 

11 Edmund Atherton died 10 April last (1613) ; Humphrey Atherton, his son and 
next heir is aged at the time of taking this Inquisition 4 years and 3 months or 
there abouts." 

This inquisition merely indicates the lands held under the semi-feudal sys- 
tem which prevailed over a great part of this county ; he may have owned 
absolutely in Winstanley other real estate, and probably did, that town 
being designated as his home. Both of these towns were in the parish of 
Wigan ; Winstanley is described as fertile and picturesque ; Billinge cover- 
ed a very large area, and was divided into two townships. About the year 
1720 a square stone building, known as the Beacon, was erected upon the 

* No such place as " Browne Hall " is known to the antiquaries of Lancashire. See Local 
Gleanings of Lancashire and Cheshire, vol. ii. p. 293. 

68 The Atherton Family in England. [Jan. 

highest elevation of Billinge " as a sea mark ;" it commands a view not 
only over the Irish Sea to a very great extent, but expands over sixteen 
different counties. The whole face of the country has been greatly changed 
by the mining and quarrying operations ; the best cannel coal and material 
for scythe stones being obtained here. 

Liverpool, at the mouth of the Mersey, is the S. W. boundary of Lanca- 
shire. Following the coast-line of the Irish Sea twenty miles north, is the 
River Ribble ; if a line is then struck eastward fifteen miles and from this 
point southward to Manchester, then following the River to Liverpool, an 
area is embraced rich in coal-mines, quarries of useful stones, cotton manu- 
factories and iron works. Through the central part of this territory the 
Atherton family had immense possessions, which were accumulated by mar- 
rying heiresses, until it became one of the richest families of the great com- 
moners of England. 

The town of Atherton is ten miles north-west of Manchester. Here the 
family originated, and 

Robert 1 de Atherton lived in the time of King John, 1199-1216.* 
He was the Shreave (High Sheriff) of the County, and held the Manor of 
Atherton of the Barons of Warrington ; his son 

William 2 de Atherton held the manors of Atherton and Pennington, 
1251. Nicholas, a cadet of the family, m. after 1327, Jane, dau. of Adam de 
Bickerstaffand heiress of that family ; Margaret Atherton, their descendant and 
heiress, m. James the heir of the ancient and wealthy Scarisbrick family ; 
their only dau. Eliz'h m. Peter Stanley of Bickerstaffe ; their only dau. and 
heiress m. Henry Stanley of Aughton, a descendant of the first Earl of Der- 
by, and in this line the title is now vested. 

William 3 Atherton (William 2 ) of Atherton, 1312, had wife Agnes, 
1339. Children: Henry*; Alexander, m. and had children William? Ag- 
nes? Margerie* ; Margaret* m. Otho de Hal sail. 

Henry 4 Atherton of Atherton, 1316-30, m. Agnes 1387; had 

Richard, 5 1333, and 

Sir Wr liam 5 Atherton of Atherton, Knight, 1351 ; m. first, Jane, 
dau. of William and sister of Sir Raphe Moberly, Kt. ; m. second, Mar- 
gerie, a widow, 139G. He obtained permission of the bishop of Lichfield 
to have divine services within his manors. The parish church of Leigh 
stands in both townships of Pennington and West Leigh ; it is built of 
stone, and consists of a nave, side aisles and towers, with galleries on the 
North and West sides. There are two private chapels included in the 
edifice, Tidesleys to the North and the Athertons to the South. The Ath- 
ertons have a family vault within theirs, and some escutcheons hang there. 
Arms (entered in the Visitation of Sir William Dugdale, Norroy King of 
Arms, 1661-5): Gules, three sparrow-hawks, argent. Crest: a swan, 
argent, Another Crest: on a perch a hawk belled, proper. By first 
wife, William 6 had — 

Sir William 6 Atherton, Kt. 1381, died 1416; his wife was^Agnes, 
sole da u. and heiress to Raphe Vernon, Baron of Shipbroke, 1397-1407. 
They had Raphe, 7 1418 ; he m. Alice ; Kathirine, m. to Robert de Long- 
ley, he not 15 years of age ; and 

Sir William 7 Atherton, Knight; m. first Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John 
Pilkinton, Kt, 1400 ; m. second, Elinor. Children by first wife : Marga- 
ret? m. Jc n Duttou, of Hatton, co. Cest, 1424-1454, and 

* All the dntcs given arc from muniments presented to Sir William Dugdale, Norroy; 
in cor.ouoration of the pedigree, not necessarily of births, deaths, or marriages. 

1881.] The Atherton Famihj in England, 69 

Sir William 8 Atherton, Kt., d. before 1441 ; m. Margaret, da'i. of 

Sir John Byron, Knight; they had Nicholas? William? (eldest son m. Isa- 
bel Balderston) died s. p. ; Margaret, m. 1460, John Ireland, Esq., of the 
lint and Hale ; and 

John 9 Atherton, Esq., d. L508; he in. Joh. dau. of John Warren of 
Foynton, co. Cest. 1466 ; they had 

George 10 Atherton, b. 1487 ; m. first, Anne, dan. of Richard Ashton, 
of Middleton, 1~><>8; m. second. Anne, dan. to Sir Thomas Butler; by 
second wife lie had dan. Anne? 1 m. Thomas Leland ; by first wife 

Sir John 11 Atherton, Knight, b. 1514; m. first, Elizabeth, dau. of 
Sir Alexander Ratcliffe, Kt., from whom he was divorced ; m. second, 
Margaret, fourth dau. and coheir of Thomas Caterall of Caterall, 1566. The 
Visitation of 1533 recorded the fust marriage and entered the Arms — no crest 
was then in use by tin; family. He died in L573, having been High Sheriff 
of Lancashire under three sovereigns, in years 1551, L555, and 1561, and 
commander of tin; Military Hundred, L553. His children, all by his sec- 
ond wife, were: Margaret; 12 Elizabeth, 13 d. young; Elizabeth, 12 m. Henry 
Bulmer ; Richard 13 (second son) ; William 12 (third son), and 

John 12 Atherton, Esq., b. 1556 ; High Sheriff, 1583 ; m. first, Eliza- 
beth, dau. to Sir John Byron, Kt. ; m. second, Katharine, dau. and coheir- 
ess of John, Lord Conyers, of Hornby Castle ; by the second wife, who d. 
8 March, 1622, he had John 1 ' 3 Atherton of Skelton, heir to his mother ; 
by the first wife, beside Elizabeth, 13 who m. James Browne, and Racket? 3 
d. s. p. 1648, he had another son — 

John 13 Atherton of Atherton, Esq., buried 23 May, 1617 ; m. first, 
Gysmund, dau. to Henry Butler of Rawcliffe : m. second, dau. to Raphe 
Calvely of co. Cest, by whom he had Richard 14 Atherton of Ciiowbent, 
in Atherton ; by first wife he had 

John 14 Atherton of Atherton, Esq., died 1646; m. Elianor, dau. of 
Sir Thomas Ireland of Beausey, Kt. They had: sons, I. Thomas 16 ; 
II. George 1 *; IV. William; V. Ireland ; VI. Thomas ; VII. Raphe; and 
daughters Margaret?* m. John Bradshaw of Bradshaw; Met nor?* m. 
Robert Clayton of Fulwood ; and Anne?* beside son 

John 15 Atherton of Atherton, Esq., High Sheriff of Lancashire, died 
1655 ; m. Mary, dau. to Richard Bolde of Bolde, Esq. They had: Elea- 
nor 16 ; Mary 16 ; Joane 16 ; all died infants; sou John, 16 d. a few days after 
his father, leaving an only son. 

In the Prince collection (Shelf 06, Nos. 43-5), Boston Public Library, 
is a volume of Sermons and Poems upon the death of John 15 Atherton, who 
died Jan. 17, 1655. The volume bears the autograph of Samuel Sewall, 
the diarist, and has an index of subjects in the hand-writing of the Rev. 
Mr. Prince. The first sermon is addressed to the Judges of the assize* 
and to the Sheriff of the county. His remarks on a judge crisping his hair 

* By John Livesev, Minister of the Gospel at Atherton, alias Chowbent, preached before 
Risht Hon. Richard Newdi^ate and Robert Hutton, Judges of the Assize. ... . in ^ 
Judge Newdigate was appointed Chief Justice of the Upper Bench j in lb// created a 

This name would interest Jud^e Samuel Sewall, because Elizabeth and Sarah Newdi- 
gate, co-wovshippers with him at the Old South Church, had married John ana reieruiv. 
ver, sons of the beloved Elder Thomas; a nephew of theirs had accompanied f»ewail to 
England when he went there to meet Rev. Increase Mather, who had fled *£>£ J?°y/ £*" 
dros's tyranny. Mather's father was born in the vicinity of Atherton, and his biotl ici lim- 
othv had married a daughter of Mai. Gen. Humphrey Atherton m Dorchester, it is iiKuy 
that he shared the interest of the judge, and the volume may have been pur. mseu wntu 
they were together in England. 

70 The Atherton Family in England. [Jan. 

would have pleased Michael Wigglesworth, — " A man that is proud and 
useth deceit in his hair will be false on the Bench,— such a man will not 
deal truly in any good cause." His savage suggestions of how Quakers 
should be punished equalled Cotton Mather's approval of the barbarities 
practised upon the so-called witches. Panegyrical poems in Latin and 
English, acrostically and anagrammatically arranged, besides others in the 
usual form, make an appendix to the sermons. The following extracts, 
which Artemus Ward would say " slopped over," are examples of the 

If birth, if name, if place, if children dear, 

If that fair spouse of thine, (whose virtues rare 

Make her to be admired) if house or lands, 

Or skill, or art, or love of dearest friends, 

If prayers, or tears— which sometimes Heaven move, — 

If youth or strength, if good men's sighs, or love,— 

If any or if all these had been able 

Thou'dst lived as yet ; but Death's inexorable 

It's said the day whereon thou wast interred 

Heaven did weep as tho' it had abhorred 

80 sad a sight 

Only seraphick tongues due laud can give 

To thee, great John, too good with us to live 

Thy grave deportment on the bench was such 

Though young that myriads did admire it much 

A parallel husband, father, friend, brother, 

Justice or sheriff where can you discover ? 

Such was thy temperance and sobriety 

Thy patience, prudence and dexterity 

Great Atherton the style of parasite 

I need not fear while in thy praise I write. 

Richard 16 Atherton. With his name the pedigree of the Lancashire 
Visitation of 1664 ends ; it was rendered and signed for him by L. Raw- 
storne, who was probably the managing steward of the property. Richard 
was less than ten years of age when the accumulation of estates became 
his, but before he was twenty-one he had another large accession 
from his great-aunt, the widow of Sir Gilbert Ireland, whose hall was in 
Atherton ; his main possessions were in Bewsey, Penlton, Holmes and 
other towns in that vicinity. She received them from her husband, who 
died April 30, 1675, and upon her death, which occurred July 1, 1675, she 
willed her whole fortune to Richard Atherton. 

John 17 Atherton, son of Richard, married Elizabeth Chormondly, 
heiress of her father Robert and his wife a daughter of Sir Henry Vernon 

of Hodnet. w«- 

Richard 18 Atherton, son of John, m. Elizabeth, daughter of William 
Farrington, of Shaw Hall. Their only daughter Elizabeth was the last born 
to inherit the name of Atherton in this line ; she married Robert Gwillym, 
their son Robert Vernon assumed the name of Atherton, married Henri- 
etta Maria Leigh, whose daughter Henrietta Maria married Thomas Powys, 
second Lord Lilford, and the whole property of the Athertons became his. 
Thomas Atherton Powys, third Lord Lilford, married Mary Elizabeth Fox, 
whose mother Elizabeth Vassall (granddaughter of Florentius Vassall, 
who left Boston in 1775) became the mistress of Henry Richard Fox, 
Lord Holland, while yet the wife of Sir Godfrey Webster, Bart. The 
estates are now in possession of Thomas Littleton Powys, fourth Lord Lil- 

* N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. xvii. p. 126 ; Sabine's Loyalists, &c. vol. ii. p. 385. 

1881.] The Atherton Family in England. 71 

ford ; his eldest son, Thomas Atherton Powys, was born in 1861. The 
motto of the family is appropriate : " Parta tueri" — to maintain acquired 
possessions. Lord Lilford holds a court leet and court baron at Atherton 
annually on the first Thursday in November. 

The original manor house of the Athertons was Lodge Hall, which is 
now in ruins. Subsequently the family erected the first Atherton Hall, 
built by Richard Atherton, Esq., to which the chapel (afterward Church) 
at Chowbent was the domestic place of worship; but in 1723 they began 
an immense structure called Atherton Hall, to supersede it, upon the luxu- 
riant eminence between Leigh and Chowbent, which was completed in 1743, 
at a cost represented by our money at this time of more than $1,000,000. It 
is described, with the plans, in Vitruvius Britannicus, vol. iii. p. 89. The great 
Hall was 36 by 45 ft., and the principal apartments, some of which were never 
finished, were of corresponding dimensions. After standing a little more than 
a century, Atherton Hall was taken down by order of the second Lord 
Lilford, and the materials sold. A spacious farm house has been built 
upon the desmense, which is adorned by a lake three quarters of a mile in 

In the preceding pages the line of heirship has been followed ; the scions 
are found in the different parts of the county, all worthy representatives of 
the main stock. 

At Pemberton, in the village of Lamberhead Green, the Wesleyan 
Methodists have erected buildings and schools to commemorate the fact 
that Rev. W. Atherton, president of the Wesleyan Conference from 1846 
to 1850, was born in that village, which adjoins Winstanley, the birthplace 
of Humphrey, before referred to. 

Thomas Atherton was vicar of Chipping Parish from 1701 to 1721. 
In St. Mary's church, Prescot, five hundred years old, partly rebuilt in 
1820, is an organ, the gift of William Atherton, Esq. The church also 
contains an exuberantly ornamented slab, upon which is this inscription : 
" Thomas Barron of Prescot and his widow Francis daughter of John Ath- 
erton of Prescot died April 1751." On the south side is a splendid pro- 
duction from the chisel of Westmacott, to the memory of William Ather- 
ton of Prescot, Esq., who died June 22, 1803, aged 61, surmounted by the 
family coat, with the motto, " clarior tenebris." 

In 1715 a branch of the Atherton family bought one-third of the manor 
of Walton. (William Atherton was rector of St. Nicholas Church, Liv- 
erpool, in 1699, and Walton was part of his parish.) The family held this 
property through three generations, John, 1 John, 2 John Joseph, 3 then sold 
it to Thomas Leyland, mayor of Liverpool, of which town it is now a part. 
In 1782 Richard Atherton' was Guild Mayor of Preston, an office filled 
once in twenty years, attended with the most splendid pageants. The pro- 
viso under which the charter was given, in order to have the privilege of 
franchise, requires each would-be voter to belong to a guild and march in 
the procession. Costly entertainments lasting thirty days are indulged in, 
and people come from all parts of the kingdom to witness the show. 

These gleanings have been gathered from the Collections of the Chetham 
Society, the works of Gregson, Baines and Britton. 

The writer has been asked to furnish a full list of Humphrey Atherton's 
children, which is given below, with a little preliminary matter. 

The necessary information to ascertain if the Humphrey Atherton men- 
tioned at the beginning of this article was the Major General of New Eng- 

72 Grantees of Meadow Lands in Dorchester. [Jan. 

land,* can be easily obtained by the gentleman who is collecting material 
for a genealogy of the New England families of this name. It is most 
probable that Humphrey Atherton, with his wife Mary and three children, 
Jonathan, Isabel and Elizabeth, came in the James from Bristol, England, 
in 1G35. Rev. Richard Mather, in his journal of the passage, mentions 
one hundred passengers, but gives the names of few ; among them Nathan- 
iel Wales,f whose will was witnessed by Humphrey Atherton, who was 
also mentioned in it as tk loving brother-in-law." Both of them assist- 
ed Mather in nurturing the first church of Dorchester into thrifty life again, 
notwithstanding so much of it had been transplanted to Windsor, Conn. 

Humphrey Atherton, born in Lancashire, England, about ; died 

Sept. 17, 1661 ; married Mary Wales, who died in 1672. Their children, 
as appears by the Suffolk Probate Records, were : 

i. Jonathan, probably born in England ; was a mariner. His mother 
left him by her will £5, if he luould come for it. As he was in Boston 
in 1673, he probably took it. Upon the Register of St. Peter's 
Church, Cornhill, London, under date of 1663, appears the marriage 
of a Jonathan Atherton, mariner (possibly this Jonathan), and Sa- 
rah mrebread, Spinster, of Ratcliffe (Lancashire). 

ii. Isabel, probably barn in England ; m. Nathaniel YVales, Jr. 

iii. Elizabeth, probably born in England; m. Timothy Mather, 1650? 

iv. Consider, probably born in New England, m. Anne Annable, 14 Dec. 

v. Mary, probably born in New England ; m. Joseph Weeks, 9 April, 

vi. Margaret, born in New England ; m. James Trowbridge, 30 Dec. 

vii. Rest, bapt. 26 May, 1639 ; m. Obadiah Swift, 15 March, 1660-61. 

viii. Increase, bapt. 2 Jan. 1642 ; d. at sea, Jonathan admin. Aug. 1673. 

ix. Thankful, bapt. 28 April, 1644 ; m. Thomas Bird, Jr., 2 April, 1665. 

x. Hope (Rev.), bapt. 30 Aug. 1646 ; m. Sarah Hollister, 1674. 

xi. Watching, bapt. 24 Aug. 1651 ; m. Elizabeth Rigby, 23 Jan. 1678-9. 

xii. Patience, bapt. 2 April, 1654; m. Isaac Humphrey, 1685. 


Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

HP HE following list of grantees of meadow lands in Dorchester, 
JL is copied from the original Dorchester Records, vol. i. p. 31. 

A rude map of the localities, made probably not later than 1637, 
may be seen on tbe Records ; names and quantities given below. 
Tbe map and names were omitted in the Fourth Report of the Rec- 
ord Commissioners, recently published. 

* We woald caution our readers against assuming this conjecture, which is a very plau- 
sible one, to be a fact. — Editor. 

f " Narhaniell Wales son of John Wales of Idle baptized Februarie xxvj 1586-7."— Tieg- 
isters of Calverly, to. York, edited by Samuel Margerison, p 52. lie was a brother of Rev. 
Elkan Ii Wales, of Trin. Coll., Cambridge. " For accounts of this celebrated minister, see 
his memoir by Rev. James Sales, Birch MSS. No. 4460, in the Brit. Mus. ; Turner's Non- 
conformity in Idle; Round about Bradford, &c." The editor supposes Nathaniel to be the 
person of this name who came to New* England. No .sister Mary is found among the 

1881.] Grantees of Meadow Lands in Dorchester, 


The Map of the Meddows beyond the Naponset riuer and how y* is 

allotted out. 

1 Squantoms 

2 Mr. Hill 6 D. 

3 Jo Phil [ips ?] 

4 M r Duncan 4 acres. 

5 Marshfeild 5 a 

[6] George Way 8 acr. 
[7] Hall 4 a. 

[8] J. Knill 2 a. 
[9] R. Calicot 8 a. 

10 M r Purchas 2 a. 

11 M r Richards 12 a. 

12 J. Barber 2 a. 

13 Stev. ffrench 4 a. 

14 M r Hill 5 a. 

15 M r Johnson 6 a. 

16 J: Eales 4 a. 

17 Nich Vpshal 8 a. 
M r Newbury v hows 

18 Caping 6 a. 

19 Swift 4 a. 

20 J. Caping 2 a. 

21 J. Walcot [?] 2 a. 

22 Jo: Pierce 4 a. 

23 M r Waru 6 a. 

24 M r Maverick 

25 Jos: Holy 4 a. 

26 Tho Jefreys 3 a. 

27 Roger Clap 3 a. 

28 M r Smith 4 a. 

29 C. Gibson 2 a. 

30 War. ffiler 6 a. 

31 G. Gibbs 4 a. 

32 J. 

33 N. gillet 4 a. 

34 Holland 3 a. 

35 M r Hull 4 a. 

36 T. J. more 4 a. 

37 6 a. 
[3]8 G. Dyer 4 a. 

39 Eales, 2 a. 

40 W. Philps 6 a. 

41 Hanna 2 a. 

42 M r Piney 10 a. 

43 Denslow 3 a. 

44 Wilton 5 a. 

45 Meinot 4 a. 

46 Pope 4 a. 

47 M r Hathome 

f Mata- 
< chuset 
( Rock. 

48 Picher 4 [a] 

49 Rocket 4 a. 
[50] Rositer 

51 Lumbert 6 a 
M r Edeston 4 

Hart 4 a 


54 M r Branker 

55 T [?] Hull 6 [a] 

56 venner [?] 6 [a] 

57 Brins[mead] 

58 H way 

59 M r Tery 12 [a] 

the next wilbe out of order 

A a rock poynting to the place 

M r Way had marsh out other 

sides of that M r Tery. 

60 J. Wichfeild 4 a. 

61 M r Hosford 2 a. 

62 M r Sention 2 a. 

63 J. Hull 6 a. 

64 T. Dewis 4 a. 

65 T. Holcom 3 a. 

66 G. Phillips 5 a. 

67 M r Hulbert 6 a. 

68 J. Heyden 3 a. 

69 Mathews 3 a. 

70 Grenway 3 a. 

71 M r Holman 

72 M r Parker 4 a 

73 Ca[pt.] Mason 6 a. 

74 R. Elwel 3 

75 W. Rockwel 4 a. 

-f- aboue M r Roseiter ioyning to 
him M r wolcot 14 a. next m r 

76 w. Gay lor 6 a. 

77 T. Hach 2 a. 

78 Henery Fooks 8 a. 

79 T. Tilestone 3 a. 

80 Nuton 2 a. 

81 ancient Stoughton 6 a. 

this runs vp between the highe' 
land & m r Roseiter 

82 John Hill 4 a. 

83 M r Tillie 4 a. 

84 Elias Parkman 4 a. 

85 El: Pomery 6 a. 

M r Stoughton 16 a. 

vol. xxxv. 


74 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 

gp:nealogy OF LIEUT. ABEL WRIGHT, of spring- 
field, MASS. 

By Rev. Stephex Wright, of Glen's Falls, N. Y. 

1. Lieut. Abel "Wright 1 was found among the early settlers of Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, in the Connecticut Valley, who spent a mature life of 
seventy years there, from 1655 to 1725, when he died at the advanced age 
of ninety-four years. Where he came from or who were his parents, I have 
been unable to ascertain. There were other Wright settlers in the colo- 
nies before him in Eastern Massachusetts, — as Capt. RicJtard Wright, at 
Lynn, in 1630 ; John Wright, at Woburn, in 1641 ; Robert Wright, at 
Boston, in 1643, according to Dr. Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary, 
besides others in various places of a later date than the above named. And 
at Wethersfield, Conn., below Hartford, there was a llwmas Wright as 
early as 1639, who had quite a family. Also Dea. Samuel Wright was an 
early settler at Springfield about the same year, 1639-40, who had a family 
of eight children, all named ; but no Abel among either of these families 
is given in their records. 

It is possible, if not most probable, that these last two settlers, so near 
each other, were brothers, and from the date of their family records, uncles 
to Abel Wright, who might naturally have followed in the wake of his kins- 
man to Springfield, at the age of twenty-four years, where he is found in 
January, 1655. Hence I can safely begin his record at that date, and shall 
endeavor to follow his line of posterity for several generations, according 
to authentic information obtained by much labor, from both town and family 

Although the town had been settled in 1636, it was still in its infancy 
when our Abel appeared on the stage, to claim a place among his fellow men. 
I give two or three extracts from the town records of Springfield, which I 
made in November, 1863, that read as follows : k ' Jan. 2, 1655, — There is 
granted to Abell Wright, a home lot containing three acres in the land next 
ye Round Hill." And Feb. 13, 1656, again: "It is granted to Abell 
Wright an amount of Twenty (20) acres which had formerly Come into the 
hand of Rowland Thomas, lying in ye great plain over ye great river, called 
Chickuppy plain, provided he continues five years in town.' ; And it seems 
in the sequel that he came to stag, as he did for seventy years. 

Again says the record: " March 13, 1660, — There is granted to Thomas 
Bancroft Abell Wright, John Lumbard and Richard Sikes, a parcel of land 
lying on the west side of y e great river over against y e long meadow below 
George Colton's, which land hereby granted, lyeth between two brooks, and 
it is to run westward from y e river to a hill about 40 rods westward ; — Thos. 
Bancroft to lie next to the Southermost brook, Abell Wright next toward 
the north, John Lumbard next to him, and Richard Sikes next to him : — 
They four sharing thereof equally in three-score acres of land, if there be 
so much there ; — or if there be not so much they are to divide the piece 
equally amongst them, lying as above expressed." — See Record of Deeds, 
vol. i. p. 203. Various other grants of land, to the number of sixteen in 
all, from 1655 to 1695, as well as several to his sons Joseph and Abel, Jr.., 
are on the town records also. In those primitive times the farming was on 
a smaller scale than we see now, and hence the few acres allotted to each 

1881.] Wright Genealogy. 75 

is ^01. uonu 1 yncuuu, aamuei leny, jonn miss, iliomas Koot, Kobert 
Vslilcv, Hugh Dudley, Thomas So wall, Obadiah Miller, Eliezer Holyoke, 
folni Holyoke, James Osborne* Nathaniel Pritchard and Thomas Gilbert ; 

nth Deacons Samuel Chapin, Samuel Wright (until 1657, when he re- 

settler in these grants. Contemporary with Abel Wright were such men 

as Col. John Pynchon, Samuel Terry, John Bliss, Thomas Root, Robert 

Asl " 



removed to Northampton, ami died there Oct. 17, 1665, when asleep in his 

chair), Jonathan Hurt, Benjamin Parsons, John Hitchcock and James War- 

riner, and Rev. Pelatiah Gloveb from 1059 to 1G'J2, and Rev. Samuel 

Brewer from 1694 to 1725. and onwards to 1733, when the last pastor 

died; all these in the First Congregational Church. 

"Feb. 23, 1662. In the order of Seating persons in church, Abell 
Wright is put in the 'eighth 31 at ' with Mr. Ilorton, John Bag, Josh- 
ua Riley and Lyman Beaman. And Samuel Terry in the 9th seat with 
four others." According to the Springfield Records that I saw and han- 
dled in 1863, the following facts are shown : 

Abel 1 Wright married Dec. 1, 1659, Martha Kifcherel, daughter of Sam- 
uel K. of Hartford, Conn., and had a family of thirteen children, of whom 
ten married (see Dames below). He was a citizen of some note, both in 
the civil and military service of the town. In L695 he was elected to the 
"General Court," and in May. 1696, Dea. Hurt and Lieut. Abel Wright 
were chosen to answer a petition of the people on the west side of the river 
asking to become a separate parish and procure a minister of their own. 
In 1708, July 26th, Indians came upon the town and despoiled his family, 
Bcalping his wife, who died in consequence on the 19th of October follow- 
ing. They also killed an infant of his son Henry, and captured his wife, 
who died soon after. But this venerable ancestor lived until 1725, for his 
tombstone record says: " Lieut. Abel Wright died October 29th, 1725, 
aged 9 1 years.*' His children were as follows: 

2. i. Joseph, 1). Sept. 1. 1660, and m. Sarah Osborne. 
ii. Martha, b, Nov. 29. 1062; m. Thomas Marlow. 

3. iii. Abel, I). Sept- 25, L664; m. Rebecca Terry, Sept- 16, 1691, and had 

thirteen children. 

4. iv. Benjamin, b. March 11, 1007; in. Mary Chapin in 1694; had three 

v. Hannah, b. July 28, 1669 ; 111. Joseph Saxton, Nov. 20, 1690, and had 

seven children :—Gershom*b. 1091 ; Hannah, 3 1692; Joseph, 3 1694; 

Mind well 3 1090; David 3 1700; EzeJael? 1701; and Charles, 3 1708, 

at Enfield. 
vi. Henry, b. May 23, 1071. and d. young, 
vii. Sarah, b. May 8, 1073 ; m. Thomas Chapin, Feb. 15, 1694, and had 

eleven children. She died July 26, 1770, aged nearly 98. 
viii. Mary, b. March 9, 1675; 111. Nathaniel Bliss in 1698. 

5. ix. Henry, 2d, b. June 8, 1677 ; m. Hannah Bliss. May 24, 1705. 

6. x. Samuel, b. June 17, 1079 ; m. .Mary Case, of Lebanon, Nov. 27, 1710. 
xi. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 18, 1682, and d. June 17, 1683. 

xii. John, b. April 21, 1685. and d. soon. 

xiii. Elizabeth, 2d, b. Aug. 22, 1687; in. Ebenezer Dewey, of Lebanon, 

Nov. 8, 1709, and had Elizabeth 3 b. Oct. 7, 1710, and Ebenezer 3 Jr., 

b. Jan. 24, 1712. 

2. Joseph 2 Wright (Abel 1 ), b. Sept. 1, 1660, at Springfield; m. Sarah 
Osborne, Dec. 29, 1087, and bad eight children, born in S., as below. He 
must bave followed bis younger brother Abel to Lebanon, Conn., about 
1708. as a petition of his to the town authorities is on record there, dated 
Dec. 13, 1708, asking for a grant of land near Abel Wright's first division, 
" because the enemy had spoiled and carried away much of his estate at 
Springfield ; which was granted him Dec. 17th, 1808. How long he con- 
tinued at L. we are unable to say. His children, born at S., were : 

76 Wright Genealogy, [Jan. 

i. Mindwell, b. Sept. 24, 1688, and d. young. 

ii. Joseph, Jr., b. Oct. 14, 1690. 

iii. Sarah, b. Nov. 20, 1692, and m. probably June 20, 1719, Hezekiah 

Porter, of Hartford, Conn, 
iv. Benjamin, b. Nov. 11, 1694, and slain by the Indians in 1712. 
v. Mindwell, 2d, b. March 4, 1697. 

vi. Martha, b. June 16, 1699 ; m. probably, Jonathan Old, Feb. 18, 1720. 
vii. Mary, b. Sept. 24, 1702. 
viii. Rachel, b. Dec. 4, 1706. Can give no more of this family now. 

3. Ensign Abel 2 Wright {Abel 1 ), b. Sept. 25, 1664; m. Sept. 16, 1691, 
Rebecca Terry, b. Dec. 5, 1673, daughter of Samuel and Anna (Lobdell) 
Terry, of S., and had thirteen children, like his father before him, of whom 
nine married. Of these, four were born in Springfield, when he removed 
to Lebanon about 1700, where the other nine are on record. He spent 
forty-five years of his life there, and became quite a landholder and business 
man among his fellows. In 1702 he bought ninety acres of land of Josiah 
Dewey and William Clarke " for Seven Pounds, Silver, Current money of 
New England ;" and January 24, 1 703, twenty-one acres more of Philip 
Smith; and in 1711, June 6, nine acres more of Dewey and Clarke ; mak- 
ing one hundred and twenty acres in all. But his greatest purchase was, 
May 30, 1717, of Rev. Samuel Whiting, minister of Windham, of eight 
hundred and twenty-nine acres, partly in W. and partly in Lebanon, for 250 
pounds, as the deed on record at Windham says. From these lands he 
afterwards deeds one hundred and forty acres to his daughter Rebecca and 
her husband Jacob Old way, in 1718 and 1720 ; to his son Abel, Jr., one hun- 
dred and eighty acres, Oct. 22, 1718 ; and to his loving son Ebenezer, one 
hundred and eighty acres, Aug. 24, 1722 ; being part of the tract bought of 
Rev. Samuel Whiting, and sold still to several others as late as the year 
1*739. His last will is dated Jan. 10, 1744, in which he names four sons 
and four daughters, making his " Beloved wife Rebecca and son Ebenezer 
Wright the Executrix and Executor of his last will and Testament/' &c. 
This will was probated before Judge Jonathan Trumbull, at Windham, 
Sept. 18, 1747, and certified in due form on the records by Ichabod Rob- 
inson, clerk of said court. He had died June 2, 1745, and was buried in 
Lebanon near the graves of the Trumbull, Fitch and Terry families. 
The names of his thirteen children are as follows : 

i. Rebecca, b. Sept. 7, 1692 ; m. Jacob Ordway, of L., about 1711, who 

had four children:— 1. Mary, 4 b. Aug. 16, 1712. 2. Rebecca * b. 

Jan. 16, 1714. 3. Jemima 4 b. Dec. 11, 1715. 4. Rachel 4 b. Nov. 

28,1717. (SeeLeb. Rec.) 
ii. Samuel, b. July 4, 1694, and d. July 10, 1694. 
iii. Abel, b. Aug. 22, 1695 ; m. Mary Calkins, at L., Nov. 7, 1717, and 

had :— 1. Sarah 4 b. Aug. 25, 1718. 2. Samuel 4 b. May 14, 1720. 

3. Abel, Jr. 4 b. Feb. 23, 1722. All at Windham, 
iv. Samuel, 2d, b. Dec. 2, 1698, and no more of him. 

7. v. Ebenezer, b. Feb. 22, 1701, at Lebanon; m. Elizabeth Newcomb. 
vi. Mary, b. Nov. 22, 1702, and no more of her. 

8. vii. Ephraim, b. Feb. 29, 1704 ; m. Hannah Wood, June 29, 1724. 

viii. Martha, b. April 12, 1705 ; m. Holbrook, as named in her fa- 
ther's will. 

ix. Jemima, b. Sept. 24, 1707 ; m. Hutchinson, as in the will. 

x. Ann, b. June 4, 1709 ; m. Buell, as named in will. 

xi. Miriam, b. Nov. 14, 1710, and no more of her. 
xii. Benjamin, b. July 29, 1712, and d. Aug. 1712. 

9. xiii. Benjamin, 2d, b. March 3, 1714 ; m. in 1734, Rachel . 

1881.] Wright Genealogy. 77 

4. Benjamin 2 Wright (Abel 1 ), b. March 14, 1667; m. Mary Chapin 
in 1694, dau. of Henry C. of Springfield, likely, and had three children, and 
died Dec. 25, 1704, and his widow died Jan. lo, 1708. Their children are 
as follows : 

i. Benjamin, b. May 22, 1697. 

ii. Henry, b. May 19, 1700. 

iii. Mary, b. May 1, 1705 ; posthumous. 

5. Henry 2 Wright, 2d (Abel 1 ), b. June 8, 1677; m. Hannah Bliss, 
dau. of John Bliss, May 24, 1705, and had two children. His wife was cap- 
tured by the Indians July 26, 1708, and with her infant son was killed soon 
after, at the calamity already named. He then married, March 15, 1711, 
Sarah Root, daughter of Thomas Root, of Westfield, probably, who bore 
him six more children. He also must have followed his older brother Abel 
to Lebanon, and lived awhile, as it is there recorded that Henry Wright 
deeded thirty acres of land to his brother Abel, Nov. 23, 1705. And again 
May 5, 1707, Henry Wright and Hannah deeded a piece of land to Abel 
Wright, as Josiah Dewey had deeded twenty-one acres to Henry Wright, 
Feb. 1, 1703. The presumption is that he sold out his interest at Leba- 
non and returned to Springfield, where the great calamity mentioned above 
fell upon him in 1708 ; when he married second wife, Sarah Root, raised up 

his family, lost Sarah, and married a third wife Elizabeth , who, as the 

Springfield records say, died June, 1738. His own death is there recorded 
as transpiring in 1768, at the age of 91. His eight children are given as 
follows : 

i. Hannah, b. May 18, 1706. 

ii. Henry, Jr., b. Jan. 9, 1703, and killed July 26, 1708. 

iii. Moses, by second wife, b. about 1713 ; date not given exactly. 

iv. Stephen, b. 1716. 

v. Caleb, b. 1718. 

vi. Elisha, b. 1720. 

vii. Sarah, b. 1723. 

viii. Deborah, b. . No date at all. 

6. Samuel 2 Wright (Abel 1 ), b. June 17, 1679, at S. ; m. Mary Case, 
of Lebanon. Nov. 27, 1710, and had three children recorded there, aa given 
below. He must have followed his brother Abel to Lebanon, as the records 
show a deed of two hundred acres of land from Josiah Dewey and \\ illiam 
Clarke to Samuel Wright, dated January 30, 1702. (See Old Records, 
pp. 84, 85.) Little more can be said of him than to give the nam.-, of his 
children, and that he married, Dec. 13, 1727, Anna Loomis, of L., and that 
he lived at Norwich awhile. His children were : 

i. Aaron, b. March 29. 1713. 
ii. John, b. Sept. 23, 1710. 
iii. Mary, b. May 10, 1721. 

By second wife : 

iv. Rebecca, b. Sept. 24, 1723. 
v. Elijah, 0. Aug. 14, 1730. 
vi. Anna, b. Oct. 7, 1732. 
vii. Samuel, b. Feb. 17, 173"*. 
viii. Eleazer, born Aug. 3, 1739. 

7. Ebenbzeb 8 Wright {Abel? AM), b. Feb. 22, 1701, al Lei mon i 
m. April 20, 1721, Elizabeth, b. L701-2,dau. of Simon and Deboran 

'nb. of L., who bore him three children, and died J 
He married second, Marcb 28, L728, Sarah Huntington, b. Maj 25, 17 

78 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 

dau. of Dea. Joseph and Rebecca (Adgate) Huntington, and sister to Gov. 
Samuel Huntington's father, by whom eight children, when she died Oct. 
19,177"). Be married third, Feb. 15, 1776, Mrs. Mary (Mason) Hunt- 
ington, the widow of David II., a brother of his wife Sarah, with whom he 
lived ten years, and died April 22, 1786, at Mansfield, aged 85. He was 
a farmer and quite a land owner, like his father Abel, lie removed to 
Mansfield about 1740, where he became a baptist, as several of his children 
did also. His last will, dated Dec. 2, 17G8, at M., names all his eleven 
children, and makes his wife Sarah, and his son Capt. Amaziah AW, the 
executors of his estate. The following are his children : 

i. Zerviau, b. March 12, 1722, at Windham; m. Jan. 8, 1741, John 

Upton, and had Sarah, 5 b. Oct. 17, 1741. and others we presume, 

as he mentions the heirs of his beloved daughter Zerviah Upton in 

his will. 
ii. Deborah, b. Jan. 29, 1725 ; m. Paul Davis >n, Ma} 7 7, 1747, and had 

Abial* b. March 7, 1748, and Deborah, 5 b. May 11, 1750. Mr. D. 

died Aug. 20, 1751, at Newtown, N. J., when she married, second, 

Aaron Youn^love, Jan. 17, 1753. 
Ebenezer, b. Jan. 2, 1727 ; m. Mercy Leach, who had ten children. 
Rev. Eliphalet, b. Feb. 27, 1729 ; m. Hannah Marsh. 
Elizabeth, b. Nov. 30, 1730; m. Eleazer Baldwin, April 8, 1751, and 

had nine children, from whom a large posterity have come. 
Sarah, b. Sept. 22, 1732 ; m. Dea. Jeremiah Lemngwell, of Pomfret, 

Ct., about 1755 ; had nine children and a large posterit 
Elisha, b. Sept. 18, 1734; m. Hannah Baldwin, Oct. 28, 1756. 
Mary, b. Jan. 15, 1737 ; m. John Turner about 1763, and had ten 

children, from whom a large posterity. 
Capt. Amaziah, b. Feb. 11, 1739 ; in. Zerviah Fitch, dau. of Capt. 

and Dea. Eleazer F., of Windham, and had ten children. 
Eleazer, b. April 12, 1741 ; m. Anna Marsh, dau. of Joseph M., of 

Windham, April 25, 1765, and had twelve children. 
xi. Rebecca, b. about 1744 or 45 (date wanting) ; m. Marsh, of Kil- 

lingly, Ct., and as tradition in the family saj's, had one son, 

James, b who married and went into central New York, had four or 

five children, and was despoiled or killed by the Indians, and his 

family lost to the knowledge of their kindred. 

8. Ephraim 3 Wright (Abel, 2 Abel 1 ), b. Feb. 29, 1704, at Lebanon; 
m. June 29, 1724, Hannah Wood, and had six children at Lebanon. He 
was a farmer, and deeded lands to several persons from Sept. 30, 1737, 
to June 14, 1751, according to the records of L. and Windham. His 
wife died March 18, 1737, and he married again and raised a second family 
of several children, as an extant letter in my possession from his youngest 
son, Gen. Daniel Wright, testifies, dated May 2, 1809, at Westport, Essex 
Co., N. Y. He says he was born in Hebron, Conn., in 1756, and that 
he was the son of Ephraim W., and after the death of his brother, 
Lieut. Beriah W., and his father also in the French war, about 1758-9, 
his mother put him in the care of his uncle Ebenezer* JT, at Mansfield, at 
the age of five, as she had several small children, so he was brought up 
among his kindred there. So far as known his children were: 

i. John, b. March 18, 1726. 

ii. Hannah, 1). Feb. 24, 1731. 

iii. Martha, b. dan. 14, 1733. 

iv. Ephraim, Jr. ) twins; b. March 16, C Ann m. March 11,1756, John 

v. Ann, 5 173.). ( Huntington, of Windham, and 

had a daughter Wealt/UM,* b. Jan. <>, 17">7. and the mother died 
May (i, L768. 
vi. Lieut. BlRIAH, '». |-YI>. 98, 1737, and died at Albany in 1759, re- 
turning from his military campaign, and his father Ephraim only 
reached his home at 11. to die very soon. 














1881.] Wright Genealogy. 79 

vii. — ix. Several, whose names nrc wanting. 

x. Gen. Daniel, b. in 1756 at Hebron ; ra. Patience , and had seve- 
ral children — the oldest, Jerusha? b. about 1778, m. Elias Sturte- 
vant, b. 1709 ; had son Dea. George VV. S., and died June 20, 1856, 
aged 87 years, as bis son did Feb. 23, 1863, aged 61, at Westport, 
N. Y., leaving several children. Gen. Wright was in the war of the 
revolution some years after 1775, and afterwards removed to New 
Hampshire for a time, but in 1798 located at Westport, where he 
died, Oct. 1, 1822, and his wife Patience April 17, 1829, aged 71 

9. Benjamin 3 Wright (Abel, 2 Abel 1 ), b. March 3, 3 714, at Lebanon ; 

m. Rachel in 1734, and had nine children, as recorded in L. I have 

only an imperfect knowledge of him and his posterity, but can give the 
names and birth-dates of his children, as below. In 1865 Rev. Jehiel Kel- 
logg Wright, an aged baptist minister at West Cornwall, Vt., gave me some 
account of this family in the line of his son Benjamin? b. July 5, 1737, 
and his son Daniel? b. Aug. 15, 1770, who died at Cornwall, Jan. 5, 1837. 
Rev. J. K? Wright was b. Aug. 15, 1801, and d. Aug. 25, 1875. By him I 
learned there was a large posterity from his grandfather Benjamin* of 1737, 
of whom I hope to gather fuller records. About the same year I gathered 
from Mr. Elijah Wright, of Westport, N. Y., some account of Abel, 4 born 
Aug. 8, 1742 (Benjamin? Abel? AbeV) } who m. Elizabeth Bald win, had 
three children at Hartford, Vt., where be died Feb. 1828, aged 85| years. 
This Elijah? b. Dec. 28, 17 ( J0, was at his grandfather's funeral, being a son 
of Abel b and Alice (Page) Wriglit, who had six children, and died July, 
1827, at Hartford, Vt. He reports quite a posterity from Abel? of 1742, 
more of whom 1 hope to reach in due time. The children of Benjamin 
and Rachel were : 

i. Lucy, b. May 15, 1735. 
15. ii. Benjamin, I). July 5, 1737 ; m. Ann Redington. 

iii. Mercy, b. July 26, 1739. 

iv. Abel, b. Aug. 8, 1742; m. Elizabeth Baldwin, and three children, 
Abel? Irene 5 and Mary? and died as given above, Feb. 1828. 

v. Mary, b. Oct. 2, 1711. 

vi. Rachel, b. Feb. 13, 1747 ; in. Whiting Strong. 

vii. Major David, b. March 14, 1749 ; m. Bailey, as reported, and had 

five children in Hartford, Vt., viz. : David 5 b. about 1775-6 ; Han- 
nah? b. 1778, in. Milo Marsh, and six children ; Daniel? M.D., 
b. about 1780 ; William? b. about 1783-4 ; and Wealthy? b. about 
1786-7, and m. Pmneo. 

viii. Rebecca, b. April 2, 1752; m. Christopher Pease, and had six child- 
ren or more . 

ix. Jonathan, b. March 31, 1754; in. Ryder, as reported, and died 

in Lebanon, N. H., or in that vicinity. I have 175—200 of the pos- 
terity of Benjamin W., 3 of 1714, more or less correctly named and 

10. Ebenezer 4 Wright (Ebenezer? Abel? Abel 1 ), b. Jan. 2, 1727, at 

Windham; m. March 11, 1751, Mercy, dau. of Amos and Leach, and 

had ten children, and has had a posterity of over twelve hundred to the 
tenth generation already attained. He was a farmer, lived in Mansfield a 
few years, then in New Fairfield, Conn., then in Newtown, Sussex Co., N. J., 
and about 1765-6 removed to Shaftsbury, Vt. The events of the war of 
the revolution sent him to Canada West, where he spent the evening of his 
life, with his companion and five children near him, at Cornwall and 
Johnstown, where he died July 18, 1809, as his wife had done May 13, 
1801, aged 67 J years. Their children were: 

80 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 

16. i. Dea. Abraham, b. July 13. 1752 (N. Style) ; m. Sarah Babcock, and 
had nine children, and second, Phebe Bart, and three more. 
Capt. Asahel, I). Aug. 18, 1754; m. Eve Haynes, and nine children. 
Zehyiah, b. Dec. 4. 1750 ; in. March 3, 1775, Charles Spencer (b. Mar. 
10, 1749), of Shaftsbury, and had eight children, and died April 
29, 179,'i. Mr. S. was a soldier in the revolutionary war. a fanner, 
and died Nov. 18, 1813, aged 94 years and eight months. A pos- 
terity of about 200 have come from Zerviah \\\ Spencer. 
Sbenezer, b. Oct. 15,1758: m. about 1780-?- Rachel Marsh 

17. ii. 

18. iv. Ei 

19. v. Amos, b. June 22, 1761, at Newtown, N. J., and m. Sabra Wilcox, of 

lie d.3d July 18, 1796. 

— , about 1785, and had four children. 
>. b. Nov. 16, 1763, at Newtown ; in. Ta 

20. vi. David, b. Nov. 16, 1763. at Newtown ; in. Tamar Burritt about 1796 , 

had eight children, and died Oct. 25, 1819, at Cornwall, a farmer. 

vii. Mercy, b. March 26, 1766, at Shaftsbury, Vt. ; m. Nov. 12, 1783, 

George McEwen, a farmer of Hinesburg, Vt. ; had nine children, 

and died at H., Dec. 26. 1817. leaving a good posterity. Her child- 

b. Dec. 19, 1794, and ten children ; Caroline* b. Jan 29, 1798, and 
one child; Rebecca* b. July 11, 1800, m. and died soon ; and l\Urcy 
Morinda* b. May 31, 1802, and had six children. A large posterity 
came from Mercy W. McEwen. 

viii. Sarah, b. Sept. 3, 1768; m. Pel eg Spencer, a brother of Charles, 
above, and had seven children, and died Jan. 2. 1844, at Johnstown, 
C. W. 

ix. Elizabeth, b. April 24. 1773, and d. Oct. 9. 1777. 

x. Rebecca, b. April 24, 1776 ; in. Mace, and one child, Sybil * born 

1795 ; m. second, Henry Barnhart, Sept. 2, 1800, and had nine 
children and over fifty grandchildren. A farmer's wife, and d. Sept. 
1, 1847, at Cornwall, C. West. 

11. Rev. ELirnALET 4 Wright (Ebenezer* Abel, 2 Abel 1 ) was born Feb- 
27, 1729, at Windham. Conn. He married, May 2*2. 1751, Hannah, dau. 
of Thomas Marsh, of W., and had nine children born at W. and South 
Killingly, Ct. He was a tanner and currier and shoemaker by trade in 
early life, but became pastor of the Congregational church at South Kil- 
lingly in 1764, where be continued until his lamented death. Aug. 4. 1 784. 
His widow lived to a great age. and died Jan. 2. 1815, at Hinsdale. Mi 
at the home of her son, Capt. Samuel 5 "Wright, who cared for her in the de- 
cline of life. Though not liberally educated. Rev. Eliphalet Wright was 
an acceptable preacher, and published a sermon preached on Thanksgiving 
Day, Dec. 5, 1776, of which 1 now possess a copy, that has the ring of true 
patriotism in it, for those " times that tried men's souls." It was printed by 
J. Trumbull, of Norwich, Conn. His children were: 

i. Hannah, b. Jan. 9, 1752, at M. ; d. April 6, 1753. 

ii. Hannah, 2d, b. July 9, 1751 ; m. Jan. 177-2, Barnabas Davis, and had 
seven children, She died at Killingly. Sept 24, 1844, aged 90. 

iii. Eliphalet, Jr., b. Dee. 16, 1756; d. 1760. 

iv. Eunice, b. May 3, 1759; d. Aug. 11, 1760. 
21. v. Capt. Samuel, b. April 12, 1761 ; m. Keziah Stearns, had eight child- 
dren ; by second wife, Betsey Watkins, had lour more. 

vi. EuNicE,2d, b. March 1, 1761; m. Day. 

vii. Sarah, b. March 7, 1766, at Killingly ; m. Isaac Sprague and had 
Bev< n children, among them Rev. Ezra Spra<;uc, B of the M. E. order. 

viii. Rebecca, b. Dee. 1, 1767; m. James Parkis, and had live children. 

ix. Olive, b. Jan. 6, 1770; in. Capt. Abraham Washburn, of Hinsdale, 
Mass . in April, 1806, as second wiie. and had three children — 
Abraham* d. young; Mary Northrop* b. -May'), 1808, m. Klijah 
II. Goodrich oi 11. (had ins, of whom two are college gradu- 

1881.] Wright Genealogy. 81 

atcs, Rev. John E. 7 of the University of Vermont, class of 1853, and 
Rev. Chauncy, 7 of Wms. College, class of 1861) ; andOfrt-e, 6 b. June 
4, 1810. Mrs. Washburn died June 22, 1842, and her husband 

Aug. 23, 1851, aged nearly 98 years, having been born Dec. 20, 17.j.». 

12. Elisiia 4 Wright (JSbenezer* Abel, 2 Abel 1 ) was born in Windham, 
Sept. 18, 1734. He married, first, Hannah, daughter of John Baldwin, of 
Norwich, Oct. 28, 1756, and had ten children, when his wife died June 6, 
1777, and five of his children also, of an epidemic, in five months of time. 
He married, second, Chloe Spafford, April 11, 1 778, who bore him three 
more children. He was a tanner and small farmer at Mansfield, where he 
died, Oct. 23, 1785, being crushed under a cart wheel. His widow out- 
lived him fifty-four years, dying April 10, 1844, aged 95. Their children 
were : 

i. Araunah, b. Nov. 15, 1757 ; d. May 6, 1777. 

22. ii. Elisiia, b. Nov. 9, 1750; m. Asenath Brigham about 1792, and had 

four children. 

iii. Hannah, > twins ; b. Feb. 4, C Hannah d. Aug. 27, 1777. 

iv. Elizabeth, > 1702. ( in. Paul Clark, a soldier of the revo- 

lution, and a fanner, in 1785, and had eight children, all born in 
Hartford, Vt., of whom seven married and hail about fifty children 
in their families. Mrs. Clark died Sept. 24, 1843, at Williston, Vt. 

v. Mary, b. Feb. 22, 1764 ; d. Aug. 10, 1777. 

vi. Lucy, b. Sept. 30, 170(5; in. Amass Watkins, of Reading, Vt., and 
had eight children. 

vii. Olive, b. March 7, 1709; d. Aug. 13, 1777. 

23. viii. Abraham Spafford, b. Jan. 19, 1772; in. first, Hannah Dunham, and 

second, Polly Shaw, and had eleven children in all. He died March 
4, 1820, at Royal ton, Vt. 
ix. PaRTHENA, b. May 2.'!, 1771 ; d. A.Hff, 6, 1777. 

24. x. John Hyde, b. April li). 1777; in. Lorinda Royce, of Mansfield, Oct. 

7,1802; had lour children. He was a farmer, and d. in Willing- 
ton, Ct., Feb. I860, aged 89, as his wife did the same month. 

By second wife : 

xi. Hannah, 2d, b. Feb. 1G, 1780; died at Lebanon, August 29, 1810. 

xii. Olive, b. Jan. 1, 1782 ; m. Timothy Williams, of Lebanon, Sept. 28, 
1809, and had eight children. Mr. Williams had been a school 
teacher in early life, and was a member of the Connecticut legisla- 
ture several terms in his maturer years. 

xiii. Partuena, 2d, b. July 23, 1784; m. 1805, Dea. Jesse Gurley, of 
Mansfield (b. May 1, 1785), and had three daughters who each be- 
came the second wife of Baptist ministers — Sophia Sybil, 6 m. Rev. 
Leonard Slater, missionary to the Indians ; Sophronia Spafford , 6 m. 
Rev. Bela Hicks ; Mary* m. Rev. Miner G. Clarke, and has an only 
son, William Cary, 7 in business at Chicago. Mrs. Mary G. Clarke 
has done good work with her pen. 

13. Capt. Amaziah 4 Wright (Ebenezer* Abel, 2 Abel 1 ) was born Feb. 
11, 1739, at Windham. He married, April 1, 1762, Zerviah, dau. of Capt. 
and Dea. Eleazer Fitch, of W., and had five sons and five daughters. He 
served in the war, was a farmer in Mansfield, and the executor of his fa- 
ther's last will, dated Dec. 2, 1768, and probated in 1787-8. About 1793 
-4, he removed to Salisbury, in the north-west corner of Connecticut, where 
he and his wife (who were both baptists) died not long after. But definite 
information is lacking. Their children were : 


i. Sarah, b. Tues. 2 o'clock P.M., March 29, 1763. 
25. ii. Ebenezer, b. Wednes. 1 A.M., April 10, 1765 ; m. Anna Galusha, a 
sister of Gov. Jonas G., of Shaftsbury, Vt., about 1787-8, and had 
eight children and a large posterity widely scattered. 


82 Wright Genealogy. [Jan. 

iii. Zerviah, b. Nov. 21, 1767; d. unmarried. 

iv. Eleazer Fitch, b. March 22, 1770 ; m. but lost to kindred. 

v. Deborah, b. Feb. 6, 1773 ; m. Nichols, in Salisbury, had three 

children, all dead, and she died Dec. 18, 1849, at Canfield, Ohio. 

vi. Dr. Amaziah, b. Jan. 5, 1776 ; m. Maria A. Lane, of New Mil ford, 
Ct., Jan. 10. 180 ( J ; had a son George William* b. March 22, 1813, 
and one daughter. He died at N. Milford, Dec. 11, 1838, after 
a successful practice in New York city. 

vii. Eliphalet, b. Dec. 28, 1777, and d. at Salisbury, unm. 
26. viii. Thomas, b. March 1, 1779; m. Clarissa Holienbeck, and second, 
Eliza Pryor, and had ten children; was a farmer; d. August 21, 
1854, at Hudson, O. 

ix. Mary, b. Feb. 23, 1782 ; m. Augustus Hammett, at Jewett City, Ct., 
and had one son, Samuel Adams * b. Feb. 4, 1816, who was a cap- 
tain in the Mexican war, an author, and a merchant in New York 
city. Mrs. II. died in New York city April 5, 1826. 

x. Jerusha, b. Aug. 29, 1784; m. Ensign Church, in Salisbury, Ct., 
and had two children, when Mr. C. died in 1813. She m. second, 
Eli T. Boughton, May 22, 1814, and had four more children. One, 
Mary Sophia 6 Church, b. Feb. 20, 1807, is the wife of Judge Ebene- 
zer Newton, of Canfield, Ohio, where the mother died about 1870, 
leaving quite a posterity. 

14. Eleazer 4 Wright {Ebenezer? Abel, 2 AbeV) was born at Mansfield, 
April 12, 1741, and m. Anna Marsh, April 25, 1765, dau. of Joseph M., of 
Windham, b. Nov. 3, 1745, and had twelve children, four sons and eight 
daughters, all born in M., where the parents lived and both died — the father 
Jan. 1, 1825, and the mother April 10, 1825. They were baptists, as many 
of their children and posterity are. Their children were as follows : 

i. Anna, b. Oct. 2, 1766 ; m. Capt. Daniel Dimock, of Coventry, Ct., 

Nov. 16, 1786, a farmer, and had nine children. She died June 20, 

1832, and he died Aug. 1, 1833. 
ii. Parthena, b. Dec. 20, 1767, and died Sept. 2, 1769. 
iii. Elizabeth, b. July 21, 1769 ; m. Capt. Shubael Dimock (cousin of 

Daniel), Jan. 23, 1789, and had eight children. She died August 1, 

1837, at Mansfield, 
iv. Eleazer, Jr. b. Feb. 23, 1771, and d. Sept. 21, 1802, unm. 
v. Marvin, b. June 8, 1772 ; d. Dec. 27, 1773. 
vi. Eliphalet, b. Nov. 30. 1774 ; d. Nov. 3, 1775. 
vii. Clara, b. Aug. 19, 1776; m. Robert Barrowes, a farmer of M., Nov. 

25, 1799, and had ten children, and d. March 3, 1836, at M., as her 

husband did March 24, 1850. 
viii. Mary, b. May 19, 1778, and d. unm. Aug. 23, 1851. 
ix. Jemima, b. Aug. 25, 1780: m. Abram Parrish, March 15, 1801, and 

had ten children, and d. Jan. 11, 1823, at Wilkesbarre, Pa. 
x. Sophia, b. Sept. 28, 1782 ; m. Horace Hanks, of M., March 11, 1801, 

and had eight children — one, Rev. Sledman Wright 6 now of Boston, 

b. Sept. 6, 1811, was a graduate of Amherst College in the class of 

1837. She died Jan. 1, 1850, at Mansfield. 
27. xi. Stedman Huntington, b. July 4, 1784; m. Polly Barrows, of M. ; 

had ten children, and died at South Weymouth, Mass., Nov. 3, 1857. 

Two of his daughters were the wives of Rev. Sylvester Barrows, a 

baptist pastor. 
xii. Orrilla, b. May 3, 1786 ; m. Ralph Storrs, of Mansfield, a farmer, 

Jan. 14, 1810, and had five children, and died March 8, 1864. 

Note. — Of other families I may not give an account at present, for want of room, 
from numbers 15 to 27, as 1 had intended. S. Wright. 

Nov. 22, 1880. 

1881.1 Letters Written during the fit ion. 83 


Communicated by John S. H. Fo a, M.D., of Son! 

I. Robert Morris to John Bradford. 
John Bradford esq. Phil 1 24. 1776, 

I )ear Sir 

I have just rec pour favours of the 2t N Dec: by 

the firat il appears to me thai you have written Borne I- tters thai bai u< wet 
come to hand, for I know aothing aboul the Bhip loaded with - in 

a particular manner : nor have I heard any thing of the others yon Bay 
were to be Bold iii the course of a Month. I the lett< r in which 

these things have been mentioned must have fallen into the En< my's hands. 
The hill you have drawn for Ace 1 of the Bchooner Wolf & ; mall l><: 

paid when presented, and I am very glad you have drawn it as I wished 
the matter settled before I left this Town : it' I should be obliged to \< 
it. Yon urn t have undoubtedly heard of our unhappy situation here, the 
Enemy have marched unmolested through New Jersey with an avowed 
Bign «»l taking po session of this City, & yel the Militia, or rather :t — * «-I:i- 
both of thai & this State cannot be prevailed on to turn oul in that 
genera] and spirited manner that People Bhould do on such an Occasion : 
their backwardness does nol proceed from want of Spirit, but from a dissat- 
isfaction that is bul too general both there & here, with the Constitute 
formed for their future Governments, with many of tl le now in 

Power, with the scarcity & high price of Salt Sc many otl \ The 

Tories & disaffected People amongst us take adva :' the present con- 

fusion, work on the tears of the timid, e\eite ihe jealoi suspicious, 

and in short, one way or the other prevent the I of the Country from 

being exerted in this day of Tryal. 

I am now at the 26 tb Dec' & have the pleasure to tell you the ass 
tors are coming down from the hack parts of this State; those from the 
City have been with Genl. Washington for some time ^v I 1 .in to have 
hopes that Phil' may he preserved from the hands of our Em mies. The 
loss of it would he the most fatal hlow that America could I as our 

artificers & manufacturers have proved a Constant Magazine of Nece 
rys lor the Army, Navy & all the other State-. The Congress ad- 
journed about a fortnight ago to Baltimore in Maryland, at that time I sent 
away my Family, Books, papers, and a considerable Value in Effects, but 
having still a great deal left here I am unwilling to depart until it hecomes 
absolutely necessary tor personal safety, especially as I find myself very 
useful in adjusting a deal of Public business that the Congress left unfin- 
ished. I mention these things to shew you that 1 have not with me tho 
Copies of the former letters 1 wrote yo\\, nor any other of your Letters than 
the two acknowledged in the beginning of this. I cannot help regretting 

O DO loo 

very much that your answer to my letter of the 8 th Oct never came to hand, 
for it was in that Letter of the « th if I remember right that I proposed 
Speculating in Prize Goods && Your reply therefore would have been 
very useful & for want of it I am much at a loss what to say on that subject. 
Having been called off when I had got thus far on with this letter I am 

84 Letters Written during the Revolution. [Jan. 

now at the 12 th Jany. You will think it strange I should be so long as 
from the 24 th Dec r to the 12 th Jany writing you a letter & so it seems to 
me, but I declare to you my time is so taken up with Public business since 
the Congress departed from hence that I am obliged to neglect my own 
affairs totally. With respect to any purchase you have made on specula- 
tion in which you have interested me or did intend to interest me, lam con- 
tent to abide by what you have done and reposing unlimited confidence in 
your judgment and integrity, I agree that you proceed in such speculations 
as I formerly proposed to the extent then mentioned, and I will send you 
money to pay my quota fast as you advise me of the sums necessary. Thank 
God I think our City is now perfectly safe, and as I think the British Troops 
must soon evacuate all New Jersey our intercourse will become free & open 
again: in the mean time if you are obliged to advance Money or borrow it, 
to pay a part of the purchase I will cheerfully pay the interest. 

The Congress have appointed myself & two other Members that hap- 
pened to remain here, a Committee to Conduct the Continental business in 
this place & plenty of it we have & are like to have. 

I gave Mr: Alex: Rose & Mr: N. Eveligh of South Carolina letters of 
introduction to you, these Gent" deposited considerable Sums of Money 
in the Loan Office here & took with them the Continental Loan Office Cer- 
tificates bearing interest. I persuaded them to this measure supposing they 
would readily get money for the notes in all or any of the Eastern States, 
but depend on you to prevent their being disappointed, of which however 
I hope there is not any danger ; but rather than they should suffer I will 
send them the money from hence on notice that it is necessary. I am very 
happy to learn the Alfred is arrived in your Port & her Prize at Bedford 
in Dartmouth: the Cargo of that Prize will be particularly useful to the 
States at this time as the recruiting Service for the New Army goes on very 
fast. The Wolfe is sailed from Virginia with a Cargo of Tob° forCurracoa 
& I hope will arrive safe. Your draft on me was paid soon as it appeared 
& if you can draw on me for any Money, wanted in our speculations the 
bills shall meet equal honor. 

I congratulate you on our late successes in New Jersey and with great 
esteem remain Dear Sir Your obed* hb le Servant 

Robt. Morris. 

P. S. I expect to write you seperate letters on Public business. 

John Bradford Esq. 

[Addressed : " To | John Bradford Esq: | Agent to the Continental | 
Navy, | Boston." " Eree | Robt Morris.''] 

II. From Francis Lightfoot Lee. 

Philadelphia Jany 5 1779. 
Dear Bro : 

The uncertainty of the Post last week prevented me from writing, 
and dow from the uncertainty of this Letter's reaching you before you leave 
home, I am at a loss what to say. 

Common Sense has attacked Mr: Deane something in his own way. but 
I think lias not made tlu i best use of the materials in bis hands: how- 
ever it appears he has stung the Gent*, tor he has had the impudence to 
complain to Congress, of his being abused by Payne in his official charac- 

1881.] JN~otes and Queries. 85 

ter, in consequence of which we have had some warm debates, not much to 
Mr: Deanea advantage. The impudence and villainy of this man are be- 
yond expression : & it much increases my bad opinion of mankind, & the 
unfavorable prospect of our affairs, to find him bo warmly supported. It 
appears to me at present that ho will he continued in the public service, with 
an approbation of what lie has done, hut you will probably have time to be 
present at the shameful decision. Your piece is in tin; hands of Mr: Ad- 
ams for his opinion ; tlio I am inclined to delay it till you come, as the 
public is likely to be entertained in the mean time. Finance i> finished, 15 
million dollars raised by tax, this year, 6 millions yearly for l 6 \ ears a- a sink- 
ing fund, the two last large emissions, amounting to tO odd millions, which 
are supposed most counterfeited, are called in by the 1 st dune, and new money 
given in Exchange. I fear tin- plan will not sufficiently check the rapid 
depreciation which has lately taken 'place as the money has almost ceased 
to be current in the Eastern States. Altho we have regularly the report 

of the day, yet there is very little of consequence to be depended on, tho 
I believe it is certain the Enemy's Shipping at N. York, ha- Buffered much 
by the late bad weather. It is said to day. that there is a fleet of Merchant- 
men in the mouth of the River convoyed by a trench line of battle ship 
and a Dutch man of war. 

1 have Letters for you from I)r: Lee late in Sept 1 ", they are in Cypher 
& will wait for you here, nothing new in Europe when these Dispatches 
Came away. If you have an opportunity to M 1 Airy before you leave 
home shall be obliged if you will get from Mrs: Garrett a sealed Packet I 
left in her care: and bring it up with yon, it contains my Loan Office cer- 
tificates, Lottery Ticket. ».v >ome Money- Love to Chantilly & Stratford. 

Yours Aflly. 

Francis Ligiitfoot Lee. 

The report of the fleet in the River not true. 



Bryant. — Since the article on Lt. John Bryant in this issue (pp. 37-0) was print- 
ed, I have been able to verify the statement that John Bryant married Abigail, dau. 
of Stephen Bryant. I have found recorded in the Plymouth County records, a deed 
dated January 24, 1609, in which Stephen Bryant conveys ll to my son-in-law John 
Bryant, mariner," &c. 

By mistake in the same article, I made Levi Berry, who married Lusannah, dau. 
of Solomon Bryant, the son of George of Falmouth. He was the son of William of 
Falmouth, grandson of George and Sarah Stickney, great-grandson of George and 
Elizabeth Frink ; great-great-grandson of George and Deliverance Haley, of Kit- 
tery ; probably g. g. g. grandson of Joseph, and g. g. g. g. grandson of William, of 
Portsmouth, N. H., in 1631. W illiam Berry Lapham. 

Augusta , Me. 

Portrait of the Hon. William Adams Richardson. — A fine portrait of Hon. 
William A. Richardson, Judge of the United States Court of Claims, has been 
painted by Staigg. The subject of the picture was Secretary of the Treasury 
under Gen. Grant, and this is his official portrait, to be put up in the Treasury De- 
partment together with those of previous secretaries. Judge Richardson was very 
popular as Judge of Probate in Middlesex County, in this state; and his friends. 

VOL. XXXV. 8* 

86 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

recognize with pleasure the skill of the distinguished artist in placing on canvas a 
very life-like expression of his lace ; the firm mouth, and very keen but genial eyes 
are especially noticeable. — Boston Traveller. 

Judge Richardson is an honorary vice-president of the New England Historic, 
Genealogical Society. 

Phelps. — I learn through correspondence with administrator and friends of Henry 
J.Wright (late of Hartford, Conn., deceased 1871), that information concerning 
Phelps Genealogy cannot be had through his former efforts, as " his books and 
papers which he had been to so much pains to collect, were burned in New York a 
year or two before his death." Some manuscript in regard to his own (the Wright) 
family is in existence. B. R. Phelps, Jr. 

W. R. Junction, Vt. 

Meachfm. — In Savage's Gen. Diet, it is stated that " Jeremiah Meachum, of 
Salem, 1660, married Deborah, dau. of John Brown of Watertown," &c, and died 
1695, sd. 81. Having had occasion lately to look up the Meachums and Hackers, I 
find an egregious mistake regarding the above marriage, which should be set right. 
The above Jeremiah made his will April 12, 1694, at which time he styles himself 
" quite ancient, and about 81 years old." His will was proved Nov. 18, 1695, at 
which time he would be 82 years old. He also names his first wife Margaret, de- 
ceased, and his present wife Alice. 

Mr. Meachum was born about 1613. Mr. Brown, father of Deborah, born 1631, 
and the last named born 1673. 

In farther search I found it was Mr. Meachum's grandson Jeremiah, born Dec. 
21, 1673, who married said Deborah, a partial account of whose family is on Salem 
records. I thought an abstract of the foregoing, published in the Register as erra- 
ta, would prove beneficial to the public. I would say that the grandson Jeremiah 
was son of Jeremiah, Jr., and Mary, dau. of Henry Trask. Perley Derby. 

Salem, Mass. 

Inscriptions at Wakefield. — The following inscriptions were copied by Alfred 
Poor, Esq., from the burial ground at this place : 

D Wm. Hescy, aged about 70 years, died 30 th of May 1689. 

Nath 1 Goodwin aged 51, died Aug. 23, 1693. 

Cap 1 Jona. Poole died 1678, in his 44 th year. 

Matthew Edwards, aged 52, died Dec. 23, 1683. 

Dea. Thomas Parker, one of the foundation of the Church, died Aug. 12, 1683, 
aged about 74. 

Dennysville, Me. — The 75th anniversary of the organization of the Congrega- 
tional Church at this place was celebrated there, Oct. 25, 1880. An account of the 
services, including the Historical Address by the Rev. Charles Whittier, the pastor, 
is printed in the Easlport Sentinel, Nov. 24, 1880. 

The Home Farm. — Messrs. Boardman & Hall, Journal Building, Augusta, Me., 
have commenced the publication of a weekly agricultural paper, under the title of 
" The Home Farm : a Journal of Practical Agriculture and Home Life." The 
editor is Samuel L. Boardman, Esq., a writer of ability, whose contributions to the 
Register have made him familiar to our readers. lie has had much experience as an 
agricultural editor, having served on the stalf of the Maine Farmer and American 
Cultivator. The first number was issued Nov. 13, 1880. Each number contains 
8 quarto pages, I3i by 20 inches. The subscription price is $1.50 a year. Mr. 
Boardman makes a very interesting and valuable paper, and he and his partner have 
our »ood wishes for their success. 

Early Australian Newspapers. — The October, 1880, number of Welch's Literary 
Intelligencer contains a valuable bibliographical list of the early newspapers printed 

in the Australian Colonies. The first newspaper named is the Sidney Gazette, and 

New South Wales Advertiser, published at Sidney by George Howe. The first num- 
ber bears date March 5, 1H03. 


Notes and Queries. 


Census of New Hampshire, 1775. — The following is a copy of an apparently 
contemporary document furnished for the Register by John Langdon Sibley, A.M., 
late librarian of Harvard University : 

Number of Inhabitants— Extract— Mint* of Com tce of Safety 1775. 






































OF u 




1— < 













-^ co 







I— H 































• • * • 



















































[Underneath in another hand is :] 

.Massachusetts March 1776. 

343876 Whites 
5249 Blacks 

352171 Whites 1786 
4371 Blacks 

Library of the late Hon. William Green. — We would call the attention of our 
readers to the sale of this valuable library, advertised in the present number of 
the Register, and to the review of its catalogue among our " Book Notices." 


Hezeriah Hayden. — Stiles, in History of Windsor, says he was taken prisoner 
in 1776 and died of starvation on board the prison ship at New York. He was then 
35 years old. Was he a married man ? Did he leave any children ? 

Charles Hayden, the father of Judge Chester Hayden, of Oneida Co., N.Y., 
was born Wallingford, Conn., Sept. 20, 1762. His lather, according to family tra- 
dition, " died on board the British prison ship Jersey." Was he a son of Heze- 
kiah ? The writer will be very grateful for an answer. 

Wilkes Barre, Pa. Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Saunderson, Swallow and Warner. — Information is desired which will lead to 
the identification of the persons named in the following items : 

'* Susanna Saunderson married Joseph Swallow." 

" Samuel Warner was married to Marah Swallow the 4th of May 1684." 

The latter is found in the records of the old town of Dunstable, now preserved at 
Nashua, N. H. Edward E. Swallow. 

Needham, Mass. 

C. E. Dennis. 

S* Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

Wright. — Can any one help me in reference to the following dates and pei 
ol the i 'apt. . \ m ; i /. i : i h ' Wright family ? Capt. Amaziah W .. b »n "I E b< I s -/- 

rah (Huntington) Wright % ol Mansfield, born Feb. 1 1. 1739 ; m. Zen iah Pitch, April 
1, 1762, a daughter of Captain and Deacon Eleazer F., of Windham, 4 on. He 
lived in Mansheld most of bis life, where bis ten children were born from 1703 to 
178.">. Lie settled the estate of hie father, who died April 22, 1786, in M.,and re- 
moved soon afterwards to Salisbury near the northwest corner of the Btate, where he 
and bis wife dud, and als i son EXiphalet* born Dec. 28, 1777. 

Who can give the dates of these three deaths? or any of them from tombstone 
inscriptions or authentic records? Or the dale of their settlement in Salisbury ? 

Again : he had a son Eleazer Fitch 6 IV'., born March 22. 1770; m. (can any 

one say to whom ?), removed to central or western New York, and had » 
daughters — Walter,* Maria, 6 Caroline* and Electa.* Caroline married Mr. Rich- 
ard -Morris and went to Cedar Lake, Waushara Co., Wis.; and Maria lived with 
them unmarried, years ago. Who can give any knowledge of this family, or any 
of them ? or their P. 0. address, so I may try to reach them? 

Glen's Falls, N. Y.,Dec. 1880. S. Wright. 

Wood. — Any one possessing any records or items concerning the family of 
u Wood," ol' the colony of Rhode Island, prior to the marriage of Isaac Wood and 
Ruth Barker, of Dartmouth, R. I., about 1755, will please forward the same to the 
undersigned, and in this way assist in establishing a reliable record of the family, 
back to the English County families, if possible. 0. E. Dennis. 

Auburn, N. Y. 

Early Boston born Child.— Ipswich, Nov. 27, 1730. On Thursday last in the 
Forenoon died here Mrs. Grace Graves, Widow, in the 99th Year of her Age. •'She 
was one of the first Female English Children that was Born in Boston in New El _- 
land ; She retained her reason and understanding to a good degree to the last. — 
Boston Gazette, Nov. 30, 1730. 

Query. What was her maiden name? 

Pbmberton, — Rev. Ebenezer, D.D., installed over Brick Church. Boston, 1754; 
m. Anna, daughter of John Pownall, Esq., when? She died in Boston, March 8, 
1770, cet. 47 years. He made his will, June, 1777, mentions no wife, but give- to 
Susannah, wife of Rev. Mr. Syms, of Andover, and sister to the testator's last wife, 
seven worked chairs which belonged to his said wife, lie died Sept. 9, 1777, set. 73. 
What were the maiden names of his previous wife or wives, and when did he marry 

It appears from a deed of Ebenezer Waters, of Boston, dated July, 17SG, record- 
ed Suffolk Probate. Bk. 158 : 155, that he sells to Henry Newhall, of Boston, ship- 
wright, who had marrird his niece Hannah Newhall, deceased, house and land near 
Bennett Street, given and granted by John Chamoek to John Pirn, and devised by 
said Pirn to his wife Hannah, who afterwards married the aforesaid Henry New- 
hall, and their estate which " my said niece inherited after the death of her sister, 
the wife of Parson Pemberton, deceased." 

I am inclined to think from the above, that one of his wives was a Waters. 
Salem, Mass. Matthew A. Sticks 

ANGIER, CoLSON, HOWLAND, PHILLIPS, TlLDEN and OsMSNT. — Information is de- 
sired of tl e parentage ol' Dorothy , wile of Samuel Angier, of Cambridge. 

was born Hiss (probably July), died at Pembroke, Sept 14, 1758. 

Of Ann Colsoii, who married A Dram llowland. ol Duxbury or Pembroke, I 

Of Thomas Phillips, of Duxbury, who died Deo. 17, 1759, aged 81 years. His 
mother's name was Mary. 

Name and parentage of the wives of Samuel Tilden, born loot), of Scituate, and 
Samuel Tilden, bum 1718, <»l Scituate or Marshfield, 

Any information concerning the name of Osmcnt, or any family of the name. 
It appears in I lymouth Deeds (1 think but once) in 1711. 

So, Hanover. Mass* C 1\ Phillips. 

1881.] Notes and Queries. 89 

Concord (Ms.) Sleepy Hollow Burial Ground. — On the most elevated portion 
of this cemetery is a slab over a tomb more than a hundred years old, if I mistake 
not, containing the remains of a Mr. Bond. After enumerating his virtues and the 
honors paid to him, the inscription terminates with the following quotation: — 
" What now but immortality ean please? 1 ' 

Over another tomb or grave, near by, the slab records the death of a Mr. Beatton, 
and states at the end, in quotation marks, " He closed his eyes and saw his God." 

From whom or what are these quaint quotations ? L. 

Mayo, Merrick and Clark. — Deacon Joseph Mayo, of Brewster, or Harwich (?), 
Mass. (born 1696, died 1772) ; married in 1717-18, Abigail Merrick or Myrick. 
Who were her parents and grandparents? 

Scotto Clark, of Harwich, Mass. (born 1680), was married in 1706 to Mary . 

Whose daughter was she ? N. F. Clarke. 

81 Milk Street, Boston. 

Nicholas Youngman, born in Boston, Oct. 18, 1723 ; married Mary Wright; was 
living in Dunstable, N. H., in 1756, and in Hollis in 1770. Can any one inform 
me when and where he married ? where he lived previous to 1756, and where be- 
tween 1756 and 1770? He had sons John and Thomas, who each served during 
the revolutionary war, and afterwards settled in Vermont. Can any one inform me 
in what towns ? Please address : David Youngman. 

Boston, Mass., 657 Trcmont St. 

Matter, Jeremiah. — Joseph Riggs, of Roxbury, Mass., in his will, dated Feb. 5, 
1714-15, proved May 5, 1715, speaks of his daughter Hannah Mather, and her hus- 
band Jeremiah Mather. Who was this Jeremiah Mather? To what family did he 
belong? William B. Trask. 

Value of a Pound in Mass. and Conn. Colonies at Different Periods. — What 
was the value of a pound, " old tenor," in Mass. Colony in 1646? in 1688? in 1716? 
In Conn. Colony in 1749? in 1754? in 1765? in 1775 ? and 1780? Was the value 
of the pound nearly the same in Massachusetts, R. Island and Conn, colonies at the 
same time? I think the value of the pound was generally regulated by the worth 
of an ounce of silver plate. What was the value of an ounce of silver at each time 
specified? When did the value of a pound in this country first become the same as 
in England ? Address : J. Quincy Adams. 

Natick, Kent Co., R. 1. 

Sweet. — Can any one give me the date and place of birth, and of the marriage of 
Silas Sweet, who died Nov. 25, 1822, and who was buried at or near Bradford, Vt.? 
His wife, Mary Blackman, died Feb. 27, 1827. Silas was the father of Paul and 
the grandfather of the Hon. Ezra Smith Sweet — the writer's grandfather. Any further 
information respecting Silas or his antecedents will be gladly received and duly 
appreciated. Chas. Sweet Johnson. 

1121 Tenth St., Washington, D. C. 


French Priests mentioned by Penhallow. — In the Register, xxxiv. 90-3, was 
printed a report by Samuel Penhallow of a mission by Theodore Atkinson and 
himself in 1703, to the Penobscot Indians. In it three friars, Monsieurs Pelas- 
sus, Gaulin, and Philip Rogent, are mentioned. We wrote to John Gilmary Shea, 
LL.D., of Elizabeth, N. J., asking for information relative to them. He answers 
as follows : 

" Rev. Michael Anthony Gaulin was a priest of the Seminary of Quebec, and Mis- 
sionary Apostolic. He was born in the parish of la Sainte Famille, Isle Orleans, 
his parents being Francis Gaulin and Mary Rocheron. He was ordained priest Dec. 
21, 1697. — Tainguay, Repertoire Gen., p. 71. He succeeded Thury on the Penobscot in 
1699, and as missionary of the Abenakis of Acadia, attended the great treaty of 

90 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

Montreal in 1700. — N. Y. Col. Doc. ix. p. 720. He remained with the Penobscot 
Indians with Rev. Mr, Rageot till 1703, and returned to Quebec in Sept. 1704. Mr. 

Noiscaux, a Canadian compiler some years ago, states that he founded a mission 
among the Cenis in Texas, and was there two years. The Spanish Franciscans had 
missions in that tribe, and would not have permitted a French priest there. Nor 
does Gaulin's name appear in any Louisiana document. This statement looks very 
doubtful. lie was certainly near Port Royal in 1711, and in September notified Cos- 
tebelle of the weakness of the English garrison, and that the Acadians and Indians 
needed only a French officer to carry the place. — Canada Doc. ii. pp. 893-0 ; N. Y. 
Col. Doc. ix. 859, 929. 

11 He at this time owned a bark on the coast, which was apparently taken by Eng- 
lish privateers (ib. p. 930). In 1713 he was asked to urge the Acadians and In- 
dians to remove to Louisburg. In 1720, as missionary to the Micmacs, he induced 
them to make peace with the English, and incurred the displeasure of the French 
authorities. — M . Y. Col. Doc. ix. 950. He was still there later and was imprisoned by 
the English — Charlevoix, v. p. 297, but was still on his mission work in 1727-8. 
He died at the Hotel Dieu, Quebec. March 6, 1740, aged 66, and was buried in the 
Cathedral, in the sanctuary of the Holy Family. — Tainguay, Repertoire, p. 71. 

His associate, Rev. Philip Rageot. evidently the Rogent of Penhallow, was born 
at Quebec, June 11, 1678, son of Giles Rageot and Magdalen Morin, and was or- 
dained July 14, 1701. 

'' From 1704 to his death in 1711, he was engaged in parochial duties in Canada, 
and was at the time of his decease, cure (i. e. parish priest) of Kamouraska. — Tain- 
guay, Repert. 

" Monshiur Pelassus, the Norridgewalk friar, puzzles me. Rasles could not easily 
be twisted into Pelassus, yet I think he was intended; for I know no other name 
that will come near it." 

Allen (vol. xxxiv. p. 204). — I am informed by E. C. Leonard, Esq., of New Bed- 
ford, that my grandfather, John Allen, who came to this town from Plymouth, 
Mass., about 1810, was of the sixth generation from George' 1 Allen of Sandwich, 1640, 
through Ralph, 2 Joseph, 3 William,'* and William 5 his father. 

Croydon, N. H. Alonzo Allen. 

Windham Canada. — In the Register for April, 1880 (vol. xxxiv. p. 203), F. C. 
Pierce inquires where Windham village, alias " Canada," was located. The man- 
ual of the old Congregational Church in Windham, Ct. (formed Dec. 10, 1700), and 
printed at Norwich in 1860, now before me, says : " In 1723, a Colony of over sixty 
members was dismissed to form a church at ' Canada,' now Hampton." Does not 
this fact settle his question ? But further : in this manual a list of more than 
1280 names are printed, and among them occur those of Elizabeth and Ruth Bemis 
(Nos. 224 and 374), who went from the Windham to form this Hampton church. 
This may account for the dismissal of " Stephen Pierce and wife Abigail Bemis to 
Windham Canada" — as some of her kindred already may have lived there in 
1732. S. Wright. 

Glen's Falls, N. Y., Dec. 10, 1880. 

[Barber (Conn. Hist. Coll. 424) calls it " Kennedy."— Ed. J 

History of the First Ciiurcti in Boston. — Arthur B. Ellis, son of the Rev. Rufus 
Ellis, 1). I)., pastor of the First Church in Boston, is writing a history of that church 
from 1630 to 1880. His uncle, the Rev. George E. Ellis, D.D., will furnish a pre- 
face to the work. The first chapter has been printed as a specimen of the work, 
which promises to be one of much merit. 

Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will Be useful. We would suggest that all facts o[' 
interest illustrating toe family history or eharaeter be communicated, especially 
service under the U.S. government, toe holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with dates and places of birth, marri:'. 
residence and death. 

1881.] Societies and their Proceedings. 91 

Aylsworth. By Dr. Homer E. Aylsworth, of Roseville, Warren county, III. — 
The ancestor of this family was Arthur Aylsworth or Aylwortb, who emigrated 
before July 29, 1679, married Mary Brown, of Providence, It. I., and settled in N. 
Kingston, R. 1., where he died in 17-J5, leaving six sons. 

Cleveland. By J. B. Cleveland, of Oneonta, Otsego County, N. Y. — This 
is intended to contain a record of all the Cleveland* in America descended from 
Moses Cleveland, who emigrated in 1035 and settled in Wohurn, Mass. It will be 
published in quarterly numbers of from 48 to 00 pages, at 50 rent- each, or 6 num- 
bers for $2.50. The whole work will be furnished lor $5. The first number will 
probably hi; issued in February, 1881. It may be ordered of the author, as above, 
or of 11. Q, Cleveland, Clifton House, Chicago, 111. 

Emerson. By Prof. Benjamin K. Emerson, Ph.D., of Amherst College, Am- 
herst, Mass. — lie has been ibr a Long time engaged in collecting materials for an 
Emerson genealogy. 

Hopkins. By James H.Hopkins, 9 Mollis Hall, Cambridge, Mass.— Mr. Hop- 
kins is tracing the descendants of Stephen Hopkins, of Plymouth, who came in the 
Mayflower, particularly the branch that settled in Barnstable county. Those who 
claim to be descendants of the Pilgrim are requested to send him any Tacts that will 
aid him. 

Jacobs. By John A. Alton, of Webster, Ma — . 

Learned, By the Hon. William L. Learned, justice of the Supreme Court of 
New York, Albany, N. Y.— Judge Learned is preparing a genealogy of the family 
of Learned — otherwise spelled Lamed, Lear nard, and Lerned — descendants of Wil- 
liam Learned, of Charlestown, Mass. 

M rriam. By M. B. Merriam, !) Joy Street, Boston, Mass. — The work is now in 
preparation for the press. Family data, anecdotes, or any other material suited to 
add to tin; interest of the work, may be addressed as above. 

Payson. By John P. Payson, of Chelsea, Mass. — Mr. Payson has been engaged in 
Collecting materials for a genealogy of this family for upwards of thirty years, and 
has nearly completed the lines of Massachusetts, New fork, Connecticut, Penn- 
sylvania, Maine, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. He would like definite informa- 
tion regarding any of these lines of deSC int. He has had the use of the collections 
of the late Lev. Abner Morse, of Boston, and the late Lewis P. Pays m, Esq., of 
San Antonio, Texas. 

Pierce. By Fred. B. Pierce, 4? Broad Street, Boston, Mass. — The genealogy of 
the Pierce family, from Thomas Pierce, of England, wdio settled with his family in 
Charlestown, Mass., in 1634, to the present time, is now, after a hard and laborious 
work of about ten years and at great expense, completed — and will be published, 
provided enough subscriptions can be obtained. It will include fac similes of over 
three hundred original autographs, including that of the original ancestor, besides 
steel-plate engravings, beliotypes, and copies of original deeds and wills. It will be 
a work of some 500 pages, and will cost $5 per e 


New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, September I. — A stated meeting was held 
at the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, this afternoon at three o'clock, the pre- 
sident, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. In the absence of the recording 
secretary, George H. Allen was chosen secretary pro tern. 

The president announced the death of the historiographer, the Rev. Samuel Cut- 
ler, and appointed the Rev. Drs. Dorus Clarke and Thomas R. Lambert, and Wil- 
liam B. Trask a committee to prepare resolutions of respect to his memory. 

A nominating committee for 1880-81 was chosen, viz., the Rev. Increase N. Tar- 
box, D.D., the Rev. Henry A. Hazen, the Hon. Nathaniel F. Safford, 0. Carleton 
Coffin and Elbridge H. Goss. 

_ William Lawton, of New Rochelle, N. Y., a retired New York merchant, eighty- 
six years old, gave some interesting reminiscences of that city in the early part of 
this century. 

George H. Allan read a paper on " Col. John Crane of the Massachusetts Ar- 

99 Societies and their Proc p«\ [Jan. 

The president next introduced th< I . LL.D., secretary ol the 

R I! S ciety of Greet Britain, then on a visit to this country, wno m 

Borne remarks upon the fraternal relations between his own country and the United 

The president, in the name of the society, thanked Dr. B for his eloquent 

mid hisgood wishes, andon bis retiring to fill an engagement elsewhere, the 
members honored him by rising as he left the ball. 

Thanks were voted to M< ssrs. Lawi >n and Allan, arid Dr. R 

John Wan! Dean, the librarian, reported 153 volumes and 300 pamphlets, as do- 
nations since the last meeting. 

William ('. Bates, historiographer pro t'/n.. reported memorial sketches of sii 
deceased members, namely, JSdmund B. O'Callaghari, Ml). LL.D. ol N v i rk, 
Rev. Samuel Cutler of Boston, Rev. Daniel Lancaster of New York, Nathaniel C. 
Nash. Simeon 1*. Adams, and Strong B. Thompson of Boston. 

The Hon. Thomas 0. Amory, chairman ol the committee on heraldry, made a re- 
port on the question whether Gov. John Leverett was knighted by Charles II., as 
has been assumed by some modern writers. 

The president announced that the society had been invited by the city authorities 
to take part in the procession in honor of Boston's 250th anniversary on the 17th 
of this month.* 

October 6. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon, president Wilder in 
the chair. 

William W. Wheildon made some remarks upon the approaching centenary of 
the constitution of Massachusetts on the 25th of this month. He thought, though 
it was too late to celehrate ^o important an event in a suitable manner, the d 
should not be suffered to pass without some observance. The matter was referred 
to the hoard of directors with full powers. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., chairman of the nominating committee, 
ported the names of John Ward Dean, A.M., Rev. Lucius R. Paige, I).I>.. Rev. 
Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Jeremiah Colburn. A.M., William B. Henry F. 
Waters, A.B., and Henry II. Edes, as a committee on publication for the ensuing 
year, and they were unanimously elected. 

William A. Mowry, A.M., of Providence, R. I., read a paper on " Our P< - 
6ions in Oregon; How we Secured them and how we Retained them." 

Remarks on the subject and the paper followed from C. Carleton Coffin. II >n. 
Stephen M. Allen and President Wilder, after which thanks were voted to .Mr. 

The librarian reported 23 volumes and (59 pamphlets as donations. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, reported letters accept- 
ing the membership to which they had been elected, from Alexander Brow 
Norwood, Va., as corresponding ; and Alonzo B. Went worth, of Dedham, I 
Ballon of Boston, J. 0. Kittredge of Tewksbury, and Charles A. Rogers of V> 
as resident members. 

William 0. Bates, historiographer pro ton., reported memorial sketches ( >f three 
deceased members, namely, the Rev. John Waddington, D.D., of London, I 
the Hon. Aaron C. Mayhew of Milford, and Richard W. Sears of Boston. 

* The 250th anniversary of the settlement of Boston occurred on the 17th of September, 
1880. The society having b sen invited to take part in the ceremonies, joined the procession 
in fourteen carriages, the first of which was the carriage of Gov. Eustis, in which Gen. 1 
ette entered Boston in 182 1. The following members occupied these carriage?, naraelj 
Marshal] '.'.Wilder, president ; lion-. George C. Richardson, Israel Washburn and 
Walker, vice-prest's ; Mr William H. Montague, the last Burvivorof the founders of tli 
ety ; Hon. Nathaniel F. Safford and Messrs. Jeremiah Colburn, William I and John 

Ward Dean, committee of arrangements ; Mr. Isaac Child, Bon. Edward S . Mr. 

Aaron 1). Weld, Col. Henrv Smith, lion. Francis B. Hayes. Rev. Artemas B. Muzze\ Mr. 
J. Henry Stickney, lion. Stephen M. Allen, Hon. George L. Davis, M^v. 
well, Mr George Craft, Mr. Elbridge Waeon, Mr. Edward P. Burnham, Ron. Edwin H. 
Bugbee, Hon. James W. Clark, Hon. Otis Clapp, Hon. Cvrus Woodman, Hon. 
Austin. Mi- George K. Clarke, Hon. Charles L. Flint, Mr, Daniel T. V. Hnntoon, Hon. 
Samu< l B. Noyes, Mr. Alfred ll. Hersey, Mr. John W. Letherbee, Mr. Horatio N. Perking, 
Mr. El isha Clarke Leonard, Edward T. Eastman, M.D., Mr. David Pulsifer, \1 
! , M.D., Mr. John T. Moulton, Mr. C. Granvl Mr. Oliver B. Stebbins, M 

r c. Miliiken, Mr. Edward Russell, Rev. Joshua P. Bodrlsh, and Cant. Piei 
Penhallow. The occupants of the Lafayette carriage were. Mr. Benjamin g. smith, 
marshal, Mr. William E. Baker, the owner of the carriage, and his sou Manet Walter F. 

1881.] Societies and their Proceedings. 93 

Monday, October 25. — A special meeting to commemorate the centenary of the 
constitution was held at the Society's House, at three o'clock this afternoon, it 
being one hundred years this day since the organization of the government of Mas- 
sachusetts under the constitution of 1780. President Wilder presided. In the ab- 
sence of the recording secretary, George II. Allan was chosen secretary pro tern. 

The president made some introductory remarks, and read a letter from the Hon. 
Robert C. Winthrop, president of the Massachusetts Historical Society, expressing 
regret at his inability to be present ; also a note from His Excellency John D. Long, 
governor of the Commonwealth, who had intended to be present, but was prevented 
by a prolonged executive session. 

Historical papers, suitable to the occasion, were read by William W. Wheilden, 
of Concord, and the Hon. Thomas C. Amory and the Hon. Nathaniel F. Safford, of 
Boston, for which thanks were voted. 

Kemarks were made by the Hon. G. Washington Warren, David Pulsifer and 
George II. Allan. 

Wednesday, November 3. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, President 
Wilder in the chair. 

The president announced the death of Simeon P. Adams, Esq., a life member, 
who left a legacy to the society, and appointed the Hon. G. Washington Warren, 
the Hon. James VV. Austin and George T. Littletield a committee to prepare reso- 
lutions of respect to his memory. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., chairman of the committee appointed for the pur- 
pose, reported resolutions on the death of the Rev. Samuel Cutler, historiographer 
of the society, in which the principal events in his life were recited ; and regret was 
expressed at the loss of a sincere friend, a wise counsellor and a faithful officer. 
After remarks by William C. Bates, Dr. William M. Cornell and the president, 
the resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

Charles Carleton Coffin then read a paper on " The History of the Northwest and 
its Future Relations to Boston.'' 

Remarks were made bv several members, after which thanks were voted to Mr. 

The librarian reported 12 volumes and 28 pamphlets as donations. 

The historiographer pro tern, reported memorial sketches of six deceased members, 
namely, the Hon. Peleg Sprague, LL.D., Thomas C. Smith, the Rev. Frederic A. 
Whitney, the Hon. William 13. Spooner and the Hon. John T. Clark, of Boston ; 
and Joseph Leeds, of Philadelphia. 

December 1. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon. President Wilder being 
absent, the Rev. Edmund F. Shifter, A.M., was chosen president pro tern. 

David G. Haskins, Jr., read a paper on " The United States and the Indians." 
Remarks followed from several gentlemen, and thanks were voted to Mr. Haskins. 

The librarian reported 19 volumes and 158 pamphlets as donations. 


Providence, Tuesday, October 5, 1880. — A quarterly meeting was held this eve- 
ning, at 7.45 o'clock, at the Cabinet in Waterman Street, the president, the Hon. 
Zachariah Allen, LL.D., in the chair. 

The Rev. Edwin M. Stone, the librarian, reported the donations since the last 
quarterly meeting, and gave a retrospect of his connection with the society as libra- 
rian, to which office he was elected January, 1851, nearly thirty years ago. He thus 
concludes his report : 

" And now, Mr. President, with duties of a domestic and personal nature de- 
manding in future a large portion of my time, I now, with no common emotion, 
fulfil a purpose long since formed, and respectfully resign my office as librarian of 
the Rhode Island Historical Society." 

At the conclusion of the reading of the paper, the following resolutions, drawn 
up by Prof. J. Lewis Diman, were unanimously passed : 

" Whereas, the Rev. Edwin M. Stone has tendered his resignation of the office 
of Librarian and Cabinet Keeper of the Rhode Island Historical Society, held by 
him for the past thirty years, 

Resolved — That in accepting the resignation of the Rev. Mr. Stone, the Historical 
Society desires to express its sense of the zeal shown by him during this long period 
in promoting the interests of the Society, and that the thanks of the Society be ten- 
dered to him." 


94 Necrology of Historic, Qt\ fical Society. [Jan. 

a R ider in behalf of the library committee, made an exhaustive report 
np0D the improvement recently introduced. Rules for the regulation of the library 
were then adopted. 
Tut sdau Oct 19.— A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in the chair. 

The attendance, b >th ol ladies and gentlemen, was unusually large. 

Sidneys L Rider read a defence* 6 of two Rhode Island writers (Rer.Ja 
Knowles and Prof. William Qammell) against a charge oi falsification; alter 
which be presented, by the aid of the Btereopticon, photographs oi a variety ol his- 
toric relics. Thank- were roted to Mr. Rider. 

Thursday, Nov. 4.— A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in tl.e 

^William A. Mowry, A.M.. read a paper on " Our P. is in Oregon : How 

wp Serum! them and How we Retained them. 
IWrks on the* Object followed from the Hon. Amos C. Barstow and President 

Allen. Thanks were voted to Mr. Mowry. 

Tuesday, Nov. 16.— A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in the 

Stephen B. Miller, of Hudson, N.Y., read a paper on ■« Budson and Providen 
The lormer place was settled by Providence pe ipfe about a century ago. ..'marks 
followed by Charles E. Carpenter, Prof. John W P Jencks, Hon. Amos Perry and 
Col. Nicholas Van Slyck, and thanks were voted to Mr. Miller. 

Thursday, Dec. 2.— A meeting was held this evening, President Allen in the 

Ch Cof John Ward, of New York city, read a paper on "Rhode Island's States- 
men at the period of the Stamp Act and during the Early Sessions of the Continen- 

^R^afkffonowed from the president. Prof. Gammell, Prof. Diman and the lion. 
Amos Perry, and thanks were voted to Col- W ard. 


Prepared by William C. Bates, Esq., Historiographer pro tern, of the Society. 

The historiographer pro tern, would inform the society, that the memo- 
rial sketches which are prepared for the Register are necessarily brief 

in consequence of the limited space which can be appropriated. All 
the facts, however, he is aide to gather, are retained in fche Archives ,d the 
Society, ami will aid in more extended memoir, for which the » lowne 
Memorial Fund " is provided. The Brat volume, prepared under the 
direction of a committee appointed for the purpose, has just b next 

The Hon. Aaron Claim* Mayhew, of Milford, Mass., a life member andbenefco- 
tor died there Sept. 26, 1880, aged 68 years. 

Mr Mayhew wJs bom at Hop&nton, Mass.. July 22, 1812, n of Johnand 

Nan-v(V el;,nd»M,vlu,v. tfe was educated at the common schools oi Hopkinton 
and "Framingham, and attended one term at the Framipgham Academy. At the 

fe&ffl^WJ *£$■ finnbein^ Godfrey £ .Mayhew. On the 
death of Mr Godfrej the firm beoame in 1853 A. ( . Maybe* 1 ■ 

M?. Mayhew was soceee hi in business and soouireJ aeimhHr. He jwA 
\„ril 23 1834 OlWia Loring Sumner, and bad— 1. Sara* Elizabeth, born Jul) 88, 
l£s; ffi> •. born Feb. II, 1843. Both ol them, with the widow ol Mr. 

M S? e Mk?bCT T wi»« man of untiring industry and energy, and was deeply intcr- 
linTubUoafiaira. He was a prominent Republican, and bad been a member 

1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 95 

of the State Central and District Committees. For two years, 1859-60, he was a 
member of the Governor's Council (with Gov. Banks), and in 1875 and 1870 was 
a member of the State Senate, lie was twice a member of the house of representa- 
tives. For many years he was president of the Mutual Fire Insurance Company; 
vice-president of the Milford Savings Bank. From 1854 he was president of the 
Mil ford National Bank. 
He was admitted to membership Dec. 31, 1873. 

Nathaniel Cushing Nash, Esq., of Arlington, Mass., a life member and bene- 
factor, died at Arlington, August 31, 1880, aged 76 years. 

He was born at Scituate, Mass., April 6, 1804, a son of John and Deborah (Cush- 
ing) Nash. He attended the common school of his native town ; came at an early 
age to Boston and entered the store of the late Joshua Sears. For many years he 
was engaged in the wholesale grocery business ; and of late years was largely in- 
terested in the importation of sugar and molasses, and in the Revere Sugar llefine- 
ry, the firm name being Nash, Spaulding & Co. ; but for several years preceding 
his death he did not take an active part in business. 

He acquired a large property during his long business career, and was noted as 
one of the solid business men of Boston. His education had been mainly that of 
affairs ; and he brought to bear upon the questions of the day not only a sound 
business judgment, but a far-seeing mind which looked to results beyond the lire- 
sent. His interest in public affairs led him to considerable activity in promoting 
movements likely to enhance the public welfare. He was an early advocate of the 
levelling or removing of Fort Hill, Boston, and was among the first to recognize the 
need of better buildings for business purposes. He was earnestly in favor of the 
opening of the Boston Public Library on Sundays, and was an active opponent of 
monopolies, among which he classed the supply of gas in cities. Mr. Nash was an 
opponent of slavery and an adherent of the republican party from its organization. 
He sympathized with the theological views of the late Rev. Theodore Parker, being 
what is called a liberal, progressive man. lie was firm in his opinions and out- 
spoken in their expression, securing the respect of those who differed from him by 
his evident sincerity, and by the ability with which he advocated his own views. 
While hardly, in the general sense, a public speaker, he could well express his con- 
victions and enforce them by the logic of facts. 

Mr. Nash was called to public service in the Common Council of the city of B >ston 
in ls56. in the Board of Aldermen from 1864 to 1867, and to the state legislature in 
1858, 1868 and 1869. 

He married, May 31, 1840, Lucy Turner Brings, who deceased April 14, 1862. 
One son survives, Nathaniel Cushiny Nash, born April 4, 1862, who entered Har- 
vard College, 1880. 

Mr. Nash left a large property and made several public bequests. The later years 
of Mr. Nash were spent at Arlington, Mass., where he died. 

His membership in this Society is from Dec. 31, 1873. 

The Rev. Daniel Lancaster, A.M., of New York city, a corresponding member 
since Nov. 10, 1846, died at New York, May 28, 1880, aged 83. 

He was born at Acworth, N.H.,Nov. 30, 1796, the son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth 
(Davidson) Lancaster, and was graduated at Dartmouth College in 1821, and at 
Andover Theological Seminary 1824. He was ordained pastor of the First Congre- 
gational Church at Gilmanton, Sept. 21, 1825, and was dismissed July 25, 1832. 
After supplying from August, 1832. he was installed pastor of the Centre Church 
in that town, and continued there till Jan. 26, 1852. During this time Mr. Lan- 
caster gained a wide influence in the denomination to which he belonged. He 
was for twelve years secretary of the State Bible Society, and nine years scribe of 
the Deerfield Congregational Association ; he was many years a trustee of the New 
Hampshire Missionary Society and of the Gilmanton Academy. For three years 
he was Chaplain of the State Insane Asylum, and for one session was chaplain of 
the legislature. In 1845 he published a History of Gilmanton, N. H. 

After leaving New Hampshire he was acting pastor at Middletown, N. Y., from 
1855 to 1859. After the latter date he resided in New York city. 

He was chiefly instrumental in the formation of the Dartmouth College Alumni 
Association ol New York, and was the last surviving member of his class. 

Mr. Lancaster was twice married : Aug 29, 1827, to Annie E. Lemist, daughter 
of John Lemist, of Dorchester ; and second to Eliza G. Greely, daughter of Daniel 
Greely, Esq., of Foxcroft, Me., Feb. 14, 1831. 

9G Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Richard Wiu.ard Bears, Esq., a resident member, died suddenly on the morning 
of S.-pt. 15, 1880. 

lit- was born at Boston, Nov. 22, 1835, and was the son of Ehen Sears, formerly 
n well known builder o( this city, by bis wife Eliza, daaghter of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth ( Warden) In ase. 

He was seventh in direct lineage from Richard 1 Sears the Pilgrim, who came over 
with the last sixty of John Robinson's congregation from Ley den, and landed at 
Plymouth, May 6, 1630, through Paul,'- ('apt. John. 3 Wniard, 4 Willard, 5 and 
Elien. 6 He was descended also from Got. Prince, Elder William Brewster, John 
Uowland and other fathers of the Old Colony. 

Early left an orphan, he was placed by his uncle and guardian, Mr. Willard 
Sears, at school at Easthampton, and afterwards at Phillips Academy, Exeter. N. H. 
On completing his education in 1854, he sailed for the West Indies as supercargo 
in the barque "Alfred Hill,'' belonging to the firm of Hill, Sears & Co., of which 
his brother was a member, it being her first voyage. At Matanzas he was brought 
to death's door by a violent attack of yellow lever, from which he barely reco\ered, 
having to lament the loss of his compaynon du uuyaye, Henry Mead, son of Samuel 
O. Mead, formerly of Belmont. 

Soon alter his return home, he was offered a position in the Banking House of 
Coolbaugh & Brooks, Burlington, Iowa, but after one or two years service he left 
them to become a partner with his brother in the linn of E. & il. W. Sears, ship- 
ping merchants of this city. Since the decline of this busin<->. consequent upon 
the rebellion, Mr. Sears has devoted his attention to mining interests, in connec- 
tion with which he recently spent a year in Colorado. 

For several years he had been a great sufferer from inflammatory rheumatism, 
and once passed a year in Europe in hopes of getting relief at some of the mineral 
springs. During the last two years his health had !>< en very precarious, and he 
was aware that he was liable; to a fatal attack at any time. The evening bef>re his 
death he spent at his brother's house, suffering extremely from pain in his left 
hand and wrist, which were excessively swollen, and was obliged to leave at an 
early hour for his room at the Parker House, retiring about b P.M., though the 
waiter was in attendance upon him till near 2, A.M. In the morning his brother 
called and found him, as he supposed, quietly sleeping, ami was about to leave the 
room without disturbing him, when upon a closer examination he found that he 
was dead. From his perfectly natural position and placid expression it was evident 
he iiad passed away without a struggle. 

Mr. Sears was of a very sunny, genial disposition, always thoughtful for others, 
kind hearted to a fault. Throughout his life he attached to himself hosts of friends, 
who now deeply feel his loss, lie was never married. 

His elder brother, Mr. Ehen Sears, survives him, and also two sisters, Mrs. Emma 
E. May and Mrs. Adelaide L. Gilman, of Newton. 

Mr. Sears was a member of Revere Lodge, St Andrew's R. A. Chapter, St. Ber- 
nard Commandery, Sovereign Consistory 32°, the Athenian, Apollo, and Art; 
Clubs, etc. 

His membership in this society dates from March 31, 1877. S. P. May. 

Ebenezer Trescott Farrington, Esq., of Jamaica Plain. Boston, Mass. , a life 
memberand benefactor, died at that place, Aug. P>. 1880, aged 75. 

lie was the son of Oliver and Betsey (Tresoott) Farrington, and was born at 
Wrentham, Mass., Dec. 15, 1804. 

Mr. Farrington came to Boston at the early age of fifteen, and was employed by 
the firm of Bar tlett & Woodman, wholesale grocers. On the death of Mr. Wood- 
man in 1825, he was admitted a partner in the new firm of Levi Bar tlett & Co.. and 
this .elation was continued for nearly forty years, till 1864, when it was termi- 
nated by the death ol Mr. Bartlett. Mr. Farrington continued in the same hnsi- 
i lor several years, under the firm nameo! Farrington, 'foxier ft Hall, and became 
largely interested in the importation and refining of sugar, an outgrowth of their 
interesl being the organization ol the Stan lard Sugar Refinery, of which Mr. Far- 
rington was a director 

lie married in 1825 Eliza Delano, of Kingston, Mass., who deceased January 
9, 1880. One son, Charles F.»eurvn 

Mr. Farrington never held public office; be was, however, h -Id in high esteem by 
his associates, and was a director in the Bank of Commerce for twenty-i 
For more than lii'u years he was identified with a single business interest ol' 15 >ston, 
and as a oonsequence was widely Itnownand respected for bis steadfast, even-going 

business career. 

1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 97 

The Rev. Ephraim Abbot, A.M., corresponding member, died at Westford, 
Mass., July 21, 1870, aged ( J0. 

A sketch of the Rev. Mr. Abbot's life was printed in the Register, vol. xxvii. 
p. 88 ; and he is noticed in vol. xxviii. 252. In both places it is correctly stated 
that he was born in Newcastle, Maine, and in the latter that he died at Wcstjidd, 
Mass., in August, an error for Westford ', Mass., on 1st July. 

The late Rev. Nathaniel Bouton, D.D., furnished a note which was printed in 
vol. xxix. p. 321, but accidentally his name was not appended. In it Dr. Bouton 
corrects the error in vol. xxviii. as to the place of Mr. Abbot's death, and also 
states that he was born in Concord, N. H., and not in Newcastle, Me. We wrote 
recently to a daughter of the Rev. Air. Abbot, to ascertain the truth in this matter, 
and the following is an extract from her letter : 

" I answer the question about the birthplace of my father, Rev. Ephraim Abbot. 
He was born in Newcastle. We all distinctly remember having repeatedly heard 
him say so, and I copy from written statements now before me. From the Family 
Record of Benjamin 13 Abbot, my father's grandfather [see Abbot Genealogy, 113], 
I transcribe a part of a note appended in my lather's handwriting : 

" Benjamin Abbot and Sarah Brown joined in wedlock, Jan. 29, 1778. 

Ephraim, their son, was born in Newcastle. I). Maine, Sept. 28, 177!).* 

Hannah, their daughter, was born in Pownal borough, March 9, 17b2. Ruth and 
their other children were born in Concord, N. 11. Ruth Morrell, June 27, 1784,'' etc. 

In the family record of Benjamin 4 Abbot I lind the following : 

" Ephraim Abbot son of Benjamin Abbot and Sarah His wile was born in New- 
castle in Massachusetts, the 28th of September 177!). Hannah Abbot Dafter of 
Benjamin Abbot and Sarah His Wife W as Born in Pownalborough in Massachu- 
setts, the 9th of March, 1782. Ruth Morrell Abbot Dafter of Benjamin Abbot and 
Sarah liis Wife was born in Concord Newhampehire the 27th of June 178-1," etc. 

From an unfinished autobiography of my father I copy : 

" 1 was born in Newcastle Me. 28th Sept. 177!). Soon after my birth my Father 
moved to a place which he had bought in what was then called Pownalboro', in 
that part of it wiiich is now called Alney." .... "In May 1784 my Father 
moved his family to Concord, N. H.," etc. 

The sketch of my father's life in the Register, xxvii. 88, to which you allude, 
seems to have been chiefly condensed from an article prepared by my brother for 
Harvard Necrology. See pp. 10-13, of a pamphlet entitled " The Necrology of 
Harvard College, 1809-1872." As it appears in the Register, this sketch contains 
one or two unimportant errors, which I will notice. First, it states that in 1811-12 
Mr. Abbot was a missionary to the Indians in Eastern Maine. It is true that he went 
under the auspices of the " Society for Propagating the Gospel among Indians and 
others," but the great majority of those to whom he ministered were white people, 
and we have quite full lists of their names and places of residence, and also a manu- 
script journal of his life there, lie always congratulated himself that he succeeded 
in distributing a large number of bibles and school books just previous to the last 
war with England, during which the recipients would otherwise have been with- 
out them. 

Second, it states that he was ordained in Greenland the 28th of Oct. 1813. It 
should say the 27th of Oct. 1813. 

It is not strange that the Rev. Dr. Bouton made the mistake in his statement in 
the Register, xxix. 321, as he knew that in Concord were the homesteads of Ben- 
jamin Abbot, Sen. and Jr., that my father's youth was spent there, and that he 
always retained his interest in the town, giving it the same affection as if it had 
really been the place of his nativity. With the exception of the two errors above 
mentioned, the statements in the biographical sketch in the Register appear to be 
correct. We have just verified them by reference to family records, journals and 
other original documents." 

* George E. H. Abbot, A.M., the writer of the article in the " Necrology of Harvard 
College," referred to in the text, furnishes us with the following extracts from the fly leaf 
of a pocket cash book of his lather. They " appear to have been hastily jotted down by 
him as he received the information from the lips of some older friend soine time in the 
spring of 1811 " : 

" 1 was born in New Castle, now New Milford, in the house owned by John Bradstreet,. 

built by James Carr. James Ayers can tell me concerning the place of my nativity 

At the head of the tide on Sheepscot river a Mrs. Plummer owns the house [probably in 
Alna] in which my father lived before his removal to Concord." 
VOL. XXXV. 9* 

98 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, [Jan. 

ROE Frederick Gray, Esq., of Dover, N. II., a resident member, died March 
6. 1880, aged 51. 

Ho was born in Dover, July 23, 182-i. His father, Georire Gray, son of Samuel 
Gray, of Salem, Mass., was born in that place, Dec. 31, 1800. His mother, w 
maiden name was Lydia Jones Barden, was a daughter of Frederick Darden, who 
was superintendent ol' a nail factory in Dover, from 1824 t i 1828. 

George F. Gray received his education at the Franklin Academy in Dover. For 
five yeare he was local editor of the Dover Gazette , and was afterwards editor of 
tin' Dover Press. From 1852 till his death he was the Dover correspondent of 
the Boston Herald. In 1875 he visited Europe, where he spent about a year, and 
wrote very interesting letters to this country, which were published in Dover 

He married, Oct. 13, 1875, Mary Ednah Hill, daughter of Nathaniel R. Hill, by 
whom he had three children — 1. George Frederick; 2. Charles Hill ; 3. Ruth Eaz- 
abcth. His wile and two of his children survive. 

He was social and kindhearted ; was a racy, pleasing writer, and had the faculty 
of making his articles readable. 

lie was admitted a member June 10, 1879. 

Robert Mayo, M.D., of Washington, D. C, a corresponding member, was born 
at Fine Creek, in Powhatan County, Va., April 9, 1781; and died in Wa-hington, 
Oct. 20, 1864, aged 80. 

He was the son of Joseph and Martha (Tabb) Mayo, and was educated at Wil- 
liam and Mary College under Bishop Madison's presidency, and at the University 
of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, where he graduated with much distinction about 
the year 1805 or 1806. For several years after his graduation he resided at Phila- 
delphia. He never extensively or sedulously practised his profession, yet few of 
its followers possessed more science or more of the qualifications to make a sucoet - 
ful and distinguished physician. His tastes directed him to literary pursuit*, and 
his acquirements, talents and labor were chiefly devoted to the compilation of edu- 
cational books, being an ardent devotee of' learning from the rudiments up to the 
classics. He was the author and first projector of a rhyming spelling book. He 
likewise wrote or compiled systems of mythology and ancient geography for the 
use of seminaries. The following is a list of his publications as far as they have 
come to our knowledge : 

1. Inaugural Thesis on the Sensorium. University of Pennsylvania, 1808. 2. View 
of Ancient Geography and Ancient History. Philadelphia, 1813. 3. Epitome of 
Ancient Geography, with Maps, for the use of Seminaries. Philadelphia, 1811. 
4. New System of Mythology. 4 vols., Philadelphia, 1815-19. 5. Pension Laws 
of the United States, including sundry resolutions of Congress, from 1776 to 1833. 
Washington, 1833. 6. Political Sketches of Eight Years in Washington. Part I. 
8vo. Baltimore, 1839, pp. 216. 7. Synopsis of the Commercial and Revenue S; 
tern of the United States. Washington, 1847. 8. Treasury Department in its 
various fiscal Bureaus; their Origin, Organization and Practical Operations, illus- 
trated. Washington, 1847. 9. [With F. Moulton.] Army and Navy Pension 
Laws, and Bounty Land Laws of the United States, including sundry resolutions of 
Congress, from 1776 to 1852. 8vo. Washington, 1852. 

Dr. Mayo was a singularly handsome man, tall, well formed, athletic and of great 
courage. His habits were always social, yet he was strictly temperate in all things. 
His tastes were refined, delighting in the arts, and, th >ugh no -performer, in music. 
He was a fine Latin scholar and mathematician. He spoke and wrote French with 
ease, and was fond of the society of cultivated Frenchmen. 

About the year 1822 or 23 Dr. May » returned to Virginia and settled at Rich- 
mond, and when Gen. Jackson came to the front as a candidate for toe presiden 
he started a newspaper called the Jarhs^ti Republican, strongly and efficiently a 
eating the general's claims. After Jackson's election in 1828, Dr. Mayo removed 
to Washington and held office under that administration. He manic 1 there his 
only wife, Catherine Elizabeth llarbaugh, who died in Washington dan. 10. IS 17, 
aged forty-four years. They had two children, Martha who died in infancy, and 
j. lert, bom Feb. K), 1840, still living. 

For several years previous to the death of Dr. Mayo he was zealously engaged in 
the preparation of a genealogy of the Mayo Family and its connections. 

He was admitted to membership June 5, 1855. 

1881.] Boole Notices. 99 

Amos Lawrence, Esq., an honorary member, died in Boston, Mass., Dec. 31, 
185*J, aged 66. Admitted Jan. 8, 1847. Fur memoir and portrait, see Register, 
voi. xxxiv. pp. 9-11. A memoir of him by William M. Cornell, LL.I)., -will also 
be found on pages 500-501 of the first volume of " Biographic Memorials of the 
New England Historic, Genealogical Society," just published at the charge of the 
Towne Memorial Fund. 

The Rev. JonN Adams Vinton, A.M., a life member, died in Winchester, Mass., 
Nov. 13, 1877, aged 70. Admitted Feb. 3, 1803. For memoir and portrait, see 
Register, xxxiv. pp. 127-31. 


The Editor requests persons Bending books for notice to slate, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to he added for postage when sent by 

The. History of the Honourable Artillery Company. By Captain G. A. Raikes, 
F.S.Ai, F.S.S., F. R. His. Soc., Third West York Li^ht Infantry Militia. Instruc- 
tor of Musketry Hon. Artillery Company, Corresponding Member of the New I 
land Historic, Genealogical Society, Author of '• Historical Records of the First 
Regiment of Militia." With Maps and Illustrations. In Two Volumes. Lon- 
don : Richard Bentley & Son, New Burlington Street, Publishers in Ordinary to 
her Majesty the Queen. [8vo. vol. i. 1878, pp. 491 ; vol. ii. pp. 5G3.J 

Of the numerous institutions organized on the continent of North America in im- 
itation of those which have existed in Europe, the oldest is The Ancient and Hon- 
orable Artillery Company of Massachusetts, and an authentic history of its parent 
in our father-land, — the Honourable Artillery Company of London, — is consequently 
a valuable addition to every collection of historical works on either side of the 

The London company was originally chartered by Henry VIII., on the 25th of 
August, 1537, as the Guild of St. George, for M improvement in the science of Ar- 
tillery, or Long Bows, Cross Lows and Hand (inns." Its place of rendezvous was 
called the Artillery Garden, and when. — during the reign of queen Elizabeth, — the 
Spanish Armada threatened the destruction of London, it furnished officers from its 
ranks lor the Train Lands of the British metropolis, and of other ports of the king- 
dom. From that time down to the present day, the Honourable Artillery Company 
of London has continued to teach its members the Art of War, and has always, — 
in times of danger at home or abroad, — proved a reliable arm of the military service 
of Great Britain. 

When an English commercial company planted the Colony of Massachusetts Bay 
on our rock-bound coast, the emigrants were well supplied with armor, arms and 
ammunition by the Board at London. A prominent member of this Board was 
Capt. Henry Waller, who was at that time the commander of the Honorable Artillery 
Company, and it is reasonable to suppose that he encouraged same of the members 
who sought homes in the new world to form a similar company there. Captain 
Waller died at London, where he was buried on the 31st of October, 1631, and his 
funeral discourse was preached by the Kev. George Hughes. He was styled " the 
Worshipful Captain Henry Waller, the worthy commander of the renowned Band of 
the Honourable City of London, exercising arms in the Artillery ;" and we learn from 
the discourse that he was much esteemed both in public and private life, — that he 
was one of the Common Council of the City, — and that he was about to be pro- 
posed as its representative in Parliament when he died. 

There was some dissention in the Honourable Artillery Company about the 
choice of a successor to Capt. Waller, and King Charles I. settled the dispute by 
declaring that thenceforth the Sovereign would name the commander. The second 
captain thus appointed was Walter Neale, who had previously resided three years 
in New England, where he had established a colony on the banks of the river Pis- 
catauua. In 1638 Captain Neale urged the King to appoint him "marshal" of 

100 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Virginia, with the charge of all military affairs in that colony, and he subsequently 
petitioned that lie might be appointed " Governor of New England." 

" The Military Company of the Massachusetts " was chartered by Gov. Winthrop, 
by order of the General Court, on the 17th of March, 1(538. Military organization 
was then the only social distinction in the infant colony, for while all acknowledged 
allegiance to Cod and to the commonwealth, there were no forms in religion or no- 
bility in the government. The clergy pointed out their narrow road to Heaven, and 
the drill-sergeants taught men of dauntless energy how to use weapons fcr their 
self-defence while on earth. The early confederation of the United t Colonies of New 
England, for mutual military self-defence against savage toes and French invaders, 
finally resulted in independence, followed by the establishment of the United States 
of America. 

Capt. Robert Keayne, one of the charter-members of the Military Company of the 
Massachusetts, and its first commander, had been admitted a member of the Hon- 
ourable Artillery Company of London on the 6th of May, 1623. Another char- 
ter-member of the Massachusetts company, Robert Sedgwick, was — as we are told 
by Johnson, a contemporary writer — " brought up in London's Artillery Garden." 
He subsequently served with distinction in the British army, and died in England, 
having attained the rank of Major General. Several other members of the Mas i- 
chusetts and of the London company served in the Parliamentary army organized 
by Oliver Cromwell, and are honorably mentioned in history. 

The British company had its annual " feast," preceded by a sermon, until 1685, 
an example which has been followed by the Massachusetts company to the present 
time, and there are other points of resemblance between the two corps. The Brit- 
ish company has refused, with a single exception, to admit honorary members, and 
the only ones ever chosen by the Massachusetts company are two distinguished cap- 
tain generals of the British company: Prince Albert in 1857, and his son Prince 
Albert Edward in 1878 — both having been proposed by Past Commander the Honor- 
able Marshall P. Wilder. 

Captain Raikes (who is the author of several other valuable military historical 
works), is Inspector of Musketry to the Honourable Artillery Company of London, 
and he has collected, in two handsome volumes, the leading events in its history, 
which are profusely illustrated by portraits of commanders ; pictures of armory build- 
ings, uniforms, flags and weapons; illustrations of the manual exercise ; and maps 
of the company's drill-yards in the city of London. Unlocking the historical treasures 
of the glorious old company, he has traced its progress through the fierce struggle 
which has gradually changed the unwritten British constitution from the aspect 
which it wore in feudal times into that form of rational liberty which it now bears, 
and has made dear Old England as young in energy, capability and progress a< she 
was when the Honourable Artillery Company of London was summoned to the field 
by queen Elizabeth, — the type of queen Victoria, as well in the truly English com- 
plexion of her character, as in the hold which she possessed over the hearts of the 
Anglo-Saxon race on both shores of the Atlantic. 

The British company now consists of a troop of Light Cavalry, a Battery of Field 
Artillery and a Battalion of Infantry. Each member pays an entrance lee of £5, 
and an annual subscription of £2. 2s., and provides his own uniform, the approxi- 
mate ccst of which is : for the cavalry, £29 ; the artillery, £14, and the infantry, 
£13. Arms and accoutrements are provided and kept in order by the company. 
The drill-yard is six acres in extent, and the drill hall is 160 by 40 feet. There are 
regular drills for the Infantry on Monday and Thursday evenings, for the Artillery 
on Tuesday evenings, and for the Cavalry on Wednesday evenings. Instruction in 
fencing and in broadsword exercise is given free of charge to those members who 
wish to receive it. 

It is to be regretted that Captain Raikes could not have given us more details 
concerning the personal appearance, history and habits of those who have been 
prominently connected with the British company, and have enlivened his accurate 
historical details with graphic descriptions of the "feasts" and "field-days." 
But he has nevertheless furnished a valuable Contribution to military literature in 
thus chronicling the oldest martial organization in the world. He has also given 
many interesting facts concerning the Massachusetts company, — the oldest martial 
organization on this continent, although they are clumsily arranged, and fad to 
give an idea of the strength and 'position of the .junior corps, which has outlived 
every institution except the christian church and the public school that was in ex- 
istence in the colony of Massachusetts Bay when it was chartered. Each organi- 
zation forming a link between past and present generations, is Ancient and Hon- 

1881.] Booh Notices, 101 

orable, and the old quotation may well be applied to them : " Fair Mother — Beauti- 
ful Daughter." 

[By Major Ben: Perky Poore, of West Newbury.] 

A Relation of a Voyage to Sagadahoc. Now first printed from the Original Manu- 
script in the Lambeth Palace Library. Edited, with Preface, Notes and Appen- 
dix, by Rev. B. F. De Costa. Cambridge: John Wilson & Son, University 
Press. 1880. [8vo. pp. 43. Private edition, reprinted from, the Proceedings of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society for May, 1880.] 

The fact of the Sagadahoc Colony is as well established as any fact of history. 
The earliest writers on America, the earliest voyagers to the new world, the later 
histories of our country based <>n the authority ot early MSS. and accepted as trust- 
worthy, acknowledge the existence of the Sagadahoc, or Sir John Popham colony, 
at the mouth of the Kennebec River in Maine, in 1007. There is not the shadow of a 
historic doubt upon this point. But the historical significance of this colony has in 
late years formed the subject of much unnecessary and hitter controversy, though, 
as we arc glad to acknowledge, this fog of controversy is clearing up, leaving us 
to see beneath the clear statements of historic truth, upon which all students may 
rest and form such conclusions as in their own minds the lacts seem to warrant. The 
general historian has not yet dealt largely with the philosophy of the historic signifi- 
cance or valueof the Popham colony; this has been left to the special historian and 
historical essayist. But after going carefully over the whole subject, and gi\ inu; a close 
reading t > all the existing information upon the subject, who will not Bay the com- 
pact argument of the late lion. John A. Poor, in his " First Colonization of 
America," is not as worthy of acceptance as the rhetoric of the late Hon. Krastus 
C. Benedict, in his " Beginning of America;" or that tin; solid, candid explana- 
tion of historic facts by the late Dr. Edward Ballard, the learned and polished and 
gentlemanly secretary of the Maine Historical Society, is not entitled to as much 
weight as tiie criticisms of Mr. William Frederick Poole. .Much has been contrib- 
uted to this controversy, especially that which was occasioned by the action of the 
Maine Historical Society in erecting the Memorial Tablet to Popham in the walls 
of Fort Popham in 1862, that has been of little consequence, and which will be en- 
tirely overlooked by historical students as the years go on ; for even now, alter the 
lapse ol nearly twenty years, who places any particular value upon half the state- 
ments forming the staple of public discussion 01 that date, and which their writers 
thought so important? The facts of history remain, and as the years go on their 
historical importance and significance will receive the proper recognition and ac- 
ceptance. We need not fear that when this acceptance is established, any locality, 
or person, or fact of importance, will be overlooked, or fail to receive its just share 
of merit and distinction. The facts of history cannot be warped in such way that 
the testimony of the centuries will not sometime set them right. 

The literature of this subject has received a new contribution in the tract now 
under notice. William Strachey, Gent., of whom but little is known, was Secre- 
tary and Recorder to the Virginia Company of London,* in America, 1G09. In 1612 
he was in London, and edited a quarto book accompanying Capt. John Smith's 
map of Virginia, at Oxford, in that year. He wrote an account of the early settle- 
ments in Virginia " vpon the Island of Roanoak," at kk the expense and charge of 
Sir Walter Raleigh ;" and also " gathered " (so says the title page of the original 
MSS. in the library of the British Museum), a book "of the Northern Colonie, 
seated upon the River of Sachadehoc, Transported Anno 1585, at the charge of Sir 
John Popham, Knight, late Lord Chief Justice of England." This narrative of 
Strachey was published by the Hakluyt Society of London in 1849; in 1852 por- 
tions ol it were reprinted in the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society 
(Series iv. vol. i. p. 219), and in 1853 those chapters of this work relating to the 
colony of " Sachadehoc," four in number, were re-published by the Maine Histo- 
rical Society (Collections, vol. iii. p. 286). It has been evident, from a careful 
study of Strachey 's report of the '* Northern Colonie," that he derived his inform- 
ation from some source which he did not credit ; and Mr. De Costa believes that 
the "Relation of a Voyage to Sagadahoc,' 1 which he now gives to the public, is 
the (me from which Strachey drew his information. This manuscript was found by 
Mr. De Costa in the Lambeth Palace Library, London, in the summer of 1875, and 
he is satisfied that the MS., or at least a tolerable copy of it, passed through Stra- 

* Ncill's History of the Virginia Company of London, 1869, p. 43. 

102 Booh Notices* [Jan. 

chey's hands, and formed the principal source of his knowledge respecting the Pop- 
ham colony. Its author is believed to have been James Davis, one of the council 
of the colony. The title of the MS. found by Mr. I)e Costa, states that it was 
found among " y 8 papers of y truly Wori ,iul S r Ferdinando Gorges K nt , by me Wil- 
liam Griffith." 

The Relation occupies seventeen pages of Mr. De Costa's very unique pamphlet, 
beginning with the first day of June, 16u7, and ending 26th September, to which 
is appended, from the Oxford MS., the portion corresponding with the last pages of 
the narrative which forms the conclusion of Strachey's ki Historic," the last words 
of which are so familiar to historical students, " And this was the end of that north- 
ern colony upon the River Sachadchoc." The narrative abounds in curious details, 
is enriched with copious notes, and contains those quaint outline representations of 
the various islands and headlands seen along the coast, first given in the Hakluyt 
Society volume. In his preface, which occupies twelve pages, Mr. De Costa gives 
an interesting account of the original MS. of this voyage, how it was discovered 
and copied, the evidences of its authorship, and reviews at considerable length and 
with great candor and wealth of learning the historic significance and claims of the 
colony of Sagadahoc. A full investigation of the facts shows that the Popham 
colonists were men of fair character, though the majority may not have been supe- 
rior to colonists of 1600 in general. Still, the record of Sagadahoc is unstained, 
and its claims do not conflict with the claims of Plymouth, which have received full 
acknowledgment. It is undisputed that Sagadahoc formed an essential prelimin- 
ary to the colonization of New England, and an essential part of the irrepressible 
British activity abroad, not only in New England but in Virginia ; and so far as 
the historic facts remain, we believe the Sagadahoc colonists can never be deprived 
of the credit due them in laying the foundations of New England. And it is an 
honor to the colonists that on " Sondaye, beinge the 9th of August in the morninge,*' 
the " holl company " landed, the cross was erected, and the devoted clergyman, 
Rev. Richard Seymour, delivered a sermon, " gguing God thanks for our happy 
meetinge and safe aryvall into the contry" And is it too much to say in the words 
of Mr. De Costa : " A christian priest stepped upon the soil of New England for the 
first time at Monhegan in 1607, an authorized minister pronounced the first bl< 38- 
ing, and then and. there New England was formally consecrated to christian 

Historical students everywhere, whether accepting the full claims of the Sagada- 
hoc colony, as stated by Mr. De Costa, or not, can but thank him for the great care 
with which he has edited this tract, the richness of the learning and historic ex- 
planations which he has added to the text in copious notes, and the broad spirit of 
historic unselfishness and desire for accuracy which seems to have prompted every 
expression of opinion, or inference from a fact. 

[By Samuel L. Boardman, Esq., of Augusta, Ale.} 

Memoirs of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America : Con- 
taining — 1. A Narrative of the Organization and of the Early Measures of the 
Church ; 11. Additional Statements and Remarks ; III. An Appendix of Orig- 
inal Papers. By theRt. Rev. William White, D.D. Edited, with Notes and a 
Sketch of the Origin and Progress of the Colonial Church, by the Rev. B. F. De 
Costa. New York : E. P. Dutton & Co. 1880. [8vo. pp. 474. For sale by A. 
Williams & Co., Boston.] 

The reader takes up this volume with pleasure as he regards the superior typo- 
graphy, the fine paper and the excellently engraved portrait of the vcneiable author 
opposite the title page. 

It is hardly necessary to remark upon the judicious manner in which it is edited 
by the learned historian, the Rev. B. F. De Costa, who is known not only lor his 
general large historical information, but as one who has studied and published val- 
uable contributions relating to the annals of the church of which this book is a 

To the churchman and ecclesiastical scholar this work of Bishop AVhite has long 
been known, and its accuracy and value appreciated, but it will interest the general 
reader who may be tempted to study this contribution to the religious history of 
our country, to know something of its venerable author and his eminent fitness for 
the work. 

The Rev. Dr. William White is known to popular fame chiefly as the chaplain of 
the Continental Congress in 177."). ale i oi that assembled at Xorktown at the time of 
the capture of Philadelphia, lie at one time wrote : " I continued as did all of us 

1881.] Boole Notices. 103 

to pray for the kin^ until Sunday before the 4th of July, 1770. Within a short 
time after I took the oath of allegiance to the United States, and have since remain- 
ed faithful to it. My intenti >ns were upright and moat seriously weighed. " 

Jn the revision of the forms of BerYice 01 the Church of England, alter the inde- 
pendence of this country had been established, and in adapting the muted action 
of parishes of that communion in convention to the newly existing condition of 
affairs in the United States, his eminent abilities were no ,1. His Bound 

judgment united with extensive information, and his intellectual attainments, well 
qualified him for the task. 

There was a strong popular prejudice against this religious body through 
the country, arising h*om jealousy of apprehended prelatical and political ten- 
dencies, and active incisures were used t> prevent the ardently desired wish of 
its people to perfect their organization by the necessary consecration in England of 
bishops for America. Dr. Seabury, of Connecticut, had been consecrated by the 
Scottish non-juring bishops at Aberdeen in L784, hut the de-ire lor continuity with 
the English succession led the first genera] convention of this church held in I'hila- 
delphia, of which Dr. White was unanimously chosen president, to forward a peti- 
tion for the consecration ol American bishops through Mr. Adams, the American 
minister in London, to the Archbishop of Canterbury. Mr. Adam- readily under- 
dee and assisted its object, lie wr s after, " 1 her. 
no part of my life on which I look back and reflect with more satisfaction than the 
part I took, bdld, daring and hazardous as it was to myself and mine, in the intro- 
duction of episcopacy in America." 

Dr. White was subsequently unanimously elected Bishop in Pennsylvania, em- 
barked for London, and was consecrated at Lambeth Chapel in 1787, being the first 
bishop of tiie strictly English succession consecrated for America. 

He was not prelatical in in offensive sense- The many trusts and oflS »s of dig- 
nity which had been placed upon him by popular and also ecclesiastical favor did 
not affect the mild urbanity and humility of bis character. lie believed with quaint 
Francis Quarles's Enchiridion, " II thou art not worth more than the world can 
make thee, thy Redeemer had a had pennyworth." 

Calm, dignified, thoroughly informed, exact, he was eminently fitted to prepare 
these Memoirs of the Protestant Episcopal church, and the value of the work will 
not he likely to be overestimated by one Btudying the general history of ecclesiasti- 
cal movements in the United Stfl 

The book had become rare and consequently expensive, and the thanks of the 
public are due to Messrs. E. P. Dutton & Co. for reproducing it in such excellent 
form, and to the Reverend Eld i tor tor his labors which add value to it. 

[By J. Gardner White, A.M., of Cambrid 

An American Edition of the TreatySi oj / sshynge wyth an Angle, from the Boke of 
St. Albans, by Dame Juliana Berners, A D. 1496. Edited by <>'<> W. Van 
Siclen, of the New York Bar. ^NewYork: Orange Judd Company. 1880. [Sq. 
l6mo. pp. 118. Price $1.50.] 

The " Treatyse of Fysshynge wyth nn Angle " is not only the very earliest, hut 
by far the most curious essay upon the subject which has ever appeared in the Eng- 
glish, or perhaps in any other language. There has been some doubt as to the au- 
thorship of this celebrated book, hut it hat oeral consent been attributed to 
Dame July ans (or Juliana) Berners, Bernese or Barnes, prioressof the nunnery of 
Sop well, near St. Albans; a lady of noble family, and celebrated for her learning 
and accomplishments. It was first written in 1480, and fragments of a MS. of the 
treatise are found in one or two private libraries in England. The first edition was 
" Emprynted " hy Wynkyn de Worde in 1496, and hut two or three copies of this 
edition are known to be in existence — one in the library of the British Museum. It 
was originally included in " Treatyses perteynynge to Hawkynge, Huntynge and 
Fysshinge with an angle " — although an edition was printed by de Worde in a sepa- 
rate form. The popularity of the hook, if we may use a modern term, is attested 
by the fact that it had " run through " ten editions before the death of Queen Eli- 
sabeth ; and. for nearly a hundred years it was the sole book of its kind, Leonard 
Moscall writing his " Booke of Fishing with Hooke and Line " in 1590. Walton's 
" Compleat Angler " did not appear till 1653, and he borrowed many of his prac- 
tical suggestions from Dame Juliana, as an examination of the two boo! 3 will show. 
The several reprints of the " Treatyse " have been — one by William Pickering, 
London, in 1827, from the types of John Baskerville; one by Thomas White, London, 
in 183:2 ; one by James L. Black, New York, in 1875, and one by Mr. Elliot Stock, 

104 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

London, in 1880. This last is a very rich edition, in far-simile, reproduced by pho- 
tography iroin the copy of the first edition now in the 15. itisb Museum, and edited by 
Rev. Q. M. Watkins. The first American edition was edited by Mr. I W . Van 

Siclen, of the New York bar, for whom it was privately printed, and by him dedicat- 
ed to the members oi the Willewenoc Club, an association of New Fork the 
" gentylecryft " whose headquarters are on the Beaverkill in Sullivan county. N. V. 
It is from the plates of this edition, wejudge, that the present publishers have issued 
the new impression now under notice, as it is in every respect identical with that, 
though on many accounts we prefer the genuine "Van Siclen edition." t in 
the larger Orange Judd edition, the fresh, quaint, charming '•Trcatyse" is sure 
to find many admirers, and the patient, mediaeval spirit of its four-huudrcd-y ear- 
old wisdom will charm many a modern disciple of Dame Juliana and dear old 

[By Samuel L. Board/nan, Esq.\ 

History of the Flag of the United States of America, and of the Naval and Yacht- 
Club Signals ; Seals and Arms, and Principal National Songs of the United States, 
with a Chronicle of the Symbols, Standards, Banners and tlags of Ancient and 
Modern Nations. By Gbo. Henry Preble, Rear-Admiral D.S.W. Second Re- 
vised Edition. Illustrated with ten Colored Plates, Two Hundred Engravings on 
Wood, Maps and Autographies. Boston : A. Williams & Co. 1880. [8vo. pp. 
xxi.-f-8l5. Price $7, including postage in the United States or to any Postal 
Union country.] 

Charles Lamb once said that previous to reading Milton he wished to hear a sol- 
emn service of music, that he might be prepared to appreciate the grandeur and 
magnificence of his poems. It would be fitting before following the author thro 
this volume, that one should listen to the booming of cannon from a man-of-war, 
hear the strains of martial music from a full band, and so be charged with pat: 
ism, that he might appreciate the glory attending his country's dag as here tr 
from its humble beginnings to the present time when it floats so proudly amoi 
of the most favored nations The author's enthusiasm for his subject, the Length of 
time given to it, and the untiring industry of research displayed, have brought a 
wealth of material to his command that must make the book a fountain to draw 
from, as well as authority to look up to, for any future writer on this interesting 

It is none too soon cither to have some one gather up and record, as is here done, 
the facts and incidents concerning our flag during the late war against the union. 
The truth in regard to causes and conduct of war between widely separated nati 
is difficult to discover and unfold, but to unravel the snarled skein in a fratricidal 
strife of such magnitude, where disloyalty to the country's flag was within uur own 
borders, is doubly so. This Admiral Preble, with a clear insight into the s r nte of 
mind then prevailing, endeavors to do, and has succeeded in presenting a tr 
worthy and succinct history of the flag during that eventful period. One cannot 
read it, even at this distant day, without trembling for the fate of the stars and 
stripes. Trailed in the dust as it was by rebel hands, all such indignity and humili- 
ation only served to endear it the more to loyal hearts. It had perforce t ick 
to its enemies, but never with dishonor. In truth it emerged from the conflict with 
added lustre. One very significant illustration of this is the reference by Admiral 
Preble to the lines by Campbell, the poet of Hope : 

11 Your standard's constellation types 
White freedom by its stars ; 
But what's the meaning of your stripes, — 
They mean your negro's scars." 

This taunt, at the time it was given, did have its sting, notwithstanding the reply 
by Hon. George Lunt, admirable as that was. Bandying wrong against wn 
not, however, lessen the Sting in either case. It was only after our own nation had 
Wrestled with the wrong and overcome it, that it could proudly point to its standard 
witli the stain removed. 

Another important part of the text oi' the book is the chronicle of the Syml 
Flags, &c., OI ancient ami modern nations. The dust of many an old, tten 

tome must have been disturbed in gathering this mass ofourious information, il 
we find matter and incidents relating to the Cross, Crescent. Egyptian Standards, 
.esoi the Romans, Banners pf the Knights, Masonic Emblems, Lilies of Fran . 
and a long catalogue beside, too numerous to mention. It is to be feared the scheme 

1881.] Booh Notices, 105 

of this part of the work is too comprehensive, and that the general reader will pass 
it by in order to come directly to the main object of the hook. As might have heen 
expected from the author's outlook, the navy comes in for a fair portion of his pages. 
The beginnings of our Naval Organization are given with great detail. It is inter- 
esting to note what a wide scope was taken in giving names to the first five vessels 
purchased in 1775. " The first was named Alfred, in honor of the founder of 
the greatest navy that ever existed ; the second, Columbus, after the discoverer 
of this quarter of the globe ; the third, Cabot, for the discoverer of the northern 
part of this continent; the fourth, Andrea Doria, in honor of the great Genoese 
admiral ; and the fifth, Providence, the name of the town where she was pur- 
chased, and the residence of Hopkins who was appointed the first captain." 

To the Alfred is claimed the high honor of being the first to wear " the flag of 
America." She was reported as mounting twenty 0-pounders ; and, that one may 
see what have been the changes in naval warfare within a hundred years, Admiral 
Preble states the weight of shot thrown from the Alfred's entire battery or both 
broadsides was not equal to the weight of a single shot thrown by one ol our mod- 
ern monitors. To one who has spent so many years under the folds of the Hag, and 
who has kept step to the music of the union upon the quarter-deck bo much oi that 
time, it is but natural that an account of the songs of our country should go with 
the history of its flag. Consequently 53 pages are added at the end, wherein a 
^reat number of interesting facts are brought together regarding our patriotic songs, 
from Hail Columbia to the famous John Brown song. In respect to the latter, a 
great amount of evidence is given as to its origin, from which it seems conclusive 
that the song originated in the very beginning of the war, at Fort Warren, Boston 
harbor, and was first published in Charlestown. Probably no one song was ever so 
distinctively a soldier's Bong as this, made up as it was line upon line by the soldiers 
themselves. It possessed the impelling force of the old hero himself, and was the 
rallying song through the long years of that war his daring deeds and heroic death 
did so much to precipitate upon his countrymen. 

There are other features in this valuable b >ok that demand notice, as the most cas- 
ual reader of even the title-page will observe, but lack of space forbids touching upon 
them. It is to be hoped the book will find its way into many homes of our land, to 
diffuse its patriotic spirit, and that the joy of loyalty and devotion to our national 
flag in the future shall cause it to be held in that honor and respect described by 
Admiral Preble as accorded in the Russian navy to its nation's e >! >rs. 

The ensign is lowered with great formality at sunset. The officers are assembled 
on the quarter-deck, wit!) the band in p isition, and the crew in their places ; as the 
flag begins to descend the national air is played, and the officers and crew stand un- 
covered before the emblem of the nation's sovereignty. It is hoisted with similar 

[By Abram E. Cutter, Esq., Charlestown, Boston, Mass.] 

Proceedings of the Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the Gathering in Eng- 
land, Departure for America and Final Settlement in New England, of the First 
Church and Parish of Dorchester, Mass., coincident with the Settlement of the 
Town. Observed March 28 and June 17, 1880. Boston : Geo. H. Ellis, Pub- 
lisher, 101 Milk Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 176. Price 75 cents in cloth, or 50 
cents in paper.] 

The two services of the first parish in Dorchester, commemorative — as stated in 
the title-page of the book before us — of the gathering of the church, its departure 
from England, and its planting on these shores, were admirably conducted, as a 
reference to the printed pages will show. The Rev. Mr. Barrows, in the first of his 
sermons, entitled, " The Genesis and Exodus of the first Church at Dorchester," in 
a learned, lucid and satisfactory manner traces the incipiency, progress and ulti- 
mate development of Puritan principles, and their effects upon the lives and char- 
acters of our fathers, permeating their thoughts and feelings, making true noblemen, 
fit for the stirring duties and conflicts of their day and generation. There was a 
gradation of steps, it may be said, from John Wycliffe the reformer, to John 
White the " patriarch of Dorchester." They might be considered relatively as 
the cause and sequence of principles and ideas that resulted in the formation of the 
Dorchester church, which was organized in Plymouth, England, and came over a 
distinct, embodied church. Whether the portion of the church that left for Wind- 
sor, Conn., in 1036, under Warham, the junior pastor, or the other portion who 
remained with the senior pastor, Maverick, in their midst, should be entitled to the 
appellation of the First, the original church, the fact remains, as Mr. Barrows 

VOL. XXXV. 10 

106 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

ISWeU said, "that both tin- church at Windsor and that at Dorchester directly 
ve their origin to the little hand that gathered in Plymouth, England, in 1630." 


The alter n services of that day consisted of a welcome by the pastor, singing 

from the version of Sternhold and Hopkins, words and tunes used by our lathers 
two hundred and fifty years ago, with other tune- and words of more modern com- 
position. Addressee were made by, or Letters received from, ministers representa- 
tives of churches in Plymouth, Salem, Boston, Watertown, Rozburv, the second 
church in Dorchester and the church in Milton. At the second celebration. .June 
17th. the Bubject of the sermon by the Rev. Mr. Barrows was, "The vine planted 
in the wilderness." It was substantially a history of the church, interspersed with 
notes of some contemporaneous events which occurred in various countries of the 
world, the religious epochs of the church, the growth and development of the coun- 
try, and various other topics flowing legitimately out of the subject before bim. 
Interesting addresses were made in the afternoon by Gov. Long, Prof. Willi am Ev- 
erett, Edward Everett Hale, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Dr. George E. Ellis, 
the Key. Mr. Wilson, of Windsor, Conn., and others. The Appendix contains let- 
ters received from distinguished personages, among them Gen. Grant, the Hon. 
Robert 0. Winthrop, the Hon. Josiah Quincy, the Hon. B. W. Stoughton. 

The following telegram was received that day from the Mayor of Dorchester. Dor- 
setshire, England : " Old Dorchester sends cordial congratulations t » New Dor- 
chester upon its two hundred and fiftieth anniversary, and warmly reciprocates its 
affectionate attachment." 

[By William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston.] 

Fourth Report of the Record Commissioners. 1880. [City Seal.] Boston : Rock- 
well & Churchill, City Printers. 1880. [8vo. pp. V.+332. With Index of 

This is the fourth report of Messrs. Whitmore and Appleton, the Record Com- 
missioners of the city of Boston. The three previous reports have already been 
noticed in the Register (xxxi. 347; xxxii. 110; xxxiii. 264). In these notices we 
have expressed our opinion of the value of the work the commissioners are doing. 
The present report contains the first volume of the records of the old town of Dor- 
chester, Mass., from 1032 to 1054. 

It is asserted in the History of Dorchester (p. 29), that this record book. " in 
point of time, takes precedence of any town records in Massachusetts." \\ e kn >w 
of no contemporary town record of earlier date. The Rev. Thaddeus Mason Hani-, 
D.D., 1834, wrote a description of this book, which was printed in a pamphlet of 
four pages, now verv rare, under the title, " Some Account of the Old Bjok of 
Records of the Town "of Dorchester." This pamphlet is reprinted by Mr. Trask in 
the Register (xxi. 103) in the introduction to his annotated copy ol the early por- 
tion of these records (Jan. 21, 1032, to Sept. 2, 1037), which appeared thir 
years ago in the Register for April, July and October, 1807, and January. 1808. 
A list of grantees from the original book is printed in this number of the Register, 
page 72. 

We are glad to see prefixed to this volume the admirable report o[ Alderman 
O'Brien, chairman of the committee on printing, as it contains sound views on the 
duty of towns to preserve their ancient records, and the best way oi printing them. 
We understand that the commissioners have in press two other volumes to be issued 
soon namely, a volume of the town records of Koxbury, and the articles late 

Mr. Nathaniel I. Bowditch in the Boston Evening Transcript, under the signature 
of M Gleaner," upon the history of real estate in Boston. 

Fifth Register of the Massachusetts Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion of the United States, Boston, May, 1880. Bosion : Pre-- of Rockwell A: 
Churchill. 1880. [12mo. pp. 46.] 

This order was instituted April 9, 1805, "to cherish the memories and associa- 
tions of the war in defence of the unity and indivisibility of the Republic, " and 
for kindred objects. The Massachusetts Commandery was organized and instituted 
in March, 1808, and is in a nourishing condition. The present pamphlet contains 
a register of every member oi the commandery, living and dead. I « May, 1880, 
w ith the date of admission, the original entrance into the service, present address 
of the living, and other particulars. Prefixed is a copy of the constitution and by- 
laws of the parent order. 

1881.] Booh Notices. 107 

The Lake of the Red Cedars; or Will It Live? Thirty Years in Lake. A Record of 

the First Thirty Years of Baptist Labors in the County of Lake, State of Indiana. 

By Y. N. L. Crown Point, Ind. : T. H. Ball, Publisher. 1880. [l2ino. pp. 

357. With map.] 

This little volume deals mainly with the experiences of a small Baptist colony from 
West Springfield, Massachusetts, who in 1837 left their old family homes in that town 
and founded a settlement in Lake, the north westernmost county of Indiana, and now 
almost under the shadow of the great city of Chicago. The spot chosen for this 
settlement was a lovely one, and the varying fortunes of the settlers, though writ- 
ten in a rambling, disconnected way, are described in an interesting manner. There 
are no accounts of hair-breadth escapes from Indian attacks, no perilous ad- 
ventures or other thrilling incidents peculiar to early border life in the West, 
but only a simple history of the rise, progress and development of a western 
township based on New England traditions and New England character. Aside 
from its merit as a narrative of religious progress, the book contains some interest- 
ing family sketches and personal records which are of value to those engaged in 
tracing family lines to which these are related. The appendix, which adds ten 
years record to the body of the work (from 18f58 to 1878) contains, among other in- 
teresting matter, a record of Baptist marriages in Lake County, from March 3, 
1842, to March 20, 1880. The style, as has been already stated, is rambling, but is 
varied in an entertaining manner by personal anecdotes and incidents. The prin- 
cipal defect of the work is the lack of an index, which in all books pertaining to 
family history is necessary and desirable. 

[By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq., of Boston.] 

Peirce's Colonial. Lists. Civil, Military and Professional Lists of Plymouth and 
Rhode Island Colonies. Comprising Colonial, County and Town O/fuers. Cler- 
gymen, Physicians and Lawyers. With Extracts from Colonial Laws defining 
their Duties. 1621—1700. By Ebenezer YV. Peirce Boston: A. Wil- 
liams & Co., 283 Washington Street ; David Clapp & Son, 56-1 Washington Street. 
1881. [8vo. pp. 156. Price $2, including postage.] 

Of this book it may truly be said that it supplies a want that has long been felt. 
Whitmore's " Massachusetts Civil List," the only book resembling this, contains" 
the colonial officers of Plymouth colony, but does not give the military and town 
officers and the professional men. A list of the officers and professional men in 
Rhode Island is here first collected. The facts gathered up and clearly arranged in 
this book are such as are often found the hardest to obtain, and those who have 
spent days and weeks in endeavoring to ascertain a single fact in our early history, 
will be thankful to Gen. Peirce for the labor which future investigators into local 
history and genealogy will be spared by the use of this book. 

We had no idea that such complete lists, as we find in this book, of the " colo- 
nial, county and town officers, clergymen, physicians and lawyers " of the colonies 
of Plymouth and Rhode Island could be gathered together. To do this must have 
required much unremitting toil, and the perseverance which the compiler has shown 
is worthy of all honor. The extracts from colonial laws defining the functions of 
officials have been made with judgment, and will be found very useful. 

" Should the demand for this work/' we are informed in the preface, " seem to 
warrant the effort for a further and enlarged publication in the same line, the com- 
piler will probably, ere long, publish in like form the Civil, Military and Profes- 
sional Lists of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Haven and New Hampshire colo- 
nies, which, with the present work, will constitute complete books of reference to 
all Colonial New England." We trust that sufficient encouragement may be given 
to Gen. Peirce for him to continue his labors. 

The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut , from May, 1757, to March, 1762, 
inclusive. Transcribed and Edited in accordance with a Resolution of the Gene- 
ral Assemby. [State Seal.] By Charles J. Hoadly, State Librarian. Hartford : 
Press of The Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company. lS^O. [8vo. pp. 662.] 

The eleventh volume of the Colonial Records of Connecticut, issued last Septem- 
ber, brings the records down to the year 1762. This volume contains " the first 
four hundred and forty-six pages of the ninth manuscript volume of the Public 
Records of the Colony. Neither the Journal of the Governor and Council, nor that 
of either branch of the General Assembly during the years which this volume em- 
braces, are known to be extant." The "Answers to Queries from the Board of 

108 Boole Notices. [Jan. 

Trade, 1761-2," printed as an appendix, " from copies procured at the Public Rec- 
ord (.Hire in London," Bhow the condition of the colony at that time in regard to 
trade, manufactures, &o. 

Like previous volumes, a full index of subjects and names i^ L r iven. Mr. Iloadly 
deserves great credit for the superior manner in which he brings out these volumes. 

The Early Records of Groton. Massachusetts, L672 — 1707. Edited by Samuel 
A. Green, M.D. Groton: 1880. [8vo. pp. 201.] 

The town of Groton is fortunate in having a son like Dr. Green, who is interested 
in gathering up and preserving every incident in its early history, and rescuing 
from oblivion the memory of its founders, among whom we find the name oi Ben- 
jamin Garfield, ancestor of Gen. James A. Garfield, presidentelect of the United 
States, liis historical addresses, which have been noticed in the Register (xxx. 
4<^M ; xxxiv. 231), are replete with the lore of the past. 

The volume before us is a work of marvellous industry, though few who look 
upon its clear type and beautiful paper, will probably suspect it. Those, how- 
ever, who have seen the tattered pages of the original record and pored over its 
perplexing hieroglyphics, portions of which are gone and others half obliterated, 
to which fantastic spelling adds other difficulties, can form suine idea of the 
amount of labor which Dr. Green has bestowed upon the work. 

Portions of this book, under the titles of " Early Records of Groton " (xxxiii. 
454), and '.' Early Land Grants of Groton '" (xxxiv. 112), have been noticed in the 

These " records of the town of Groton are the earliest extant, and were probably 
the first made of any meeting held within its limits. They are copied from the only 
book of records kept during the Indian wars, and are now printed in accordance 
with a vote of the town. From the fact that the book was for a while preserved 
rolled up, i't acquired the name of ' The Indian Roll. 1 It appears to have been 
lost at one time, but was subsequently found." 

The copying and superintending the printing of this volume is entirely a labor of 

Washington Academy. Historical Address of the Hon. James Gibson at the Cen- 
tennial Celebration, held at Salem, N. Y.,on August 25-26, 1880. [Royal 8vo. 
pp. 25.] 

The one hundredth anniversary of this academy, located at Salem, Washington 
County, N. Y., was celebrated last August. The full proceedings are printed in 
the Salem Press, Sept. 3 and 10, 1880. The oration by the Hon. James Gibson is 
reprinted from the Press in the pamphlet before us. The town of Salem was set- 
tled between 1764 and 1770 by Scotch Irish, German Palatines and New England 
people. In 1780 there were three hundred families there. In that year a classical 
school was founded, which eleven years later was incorporated as " Washington 
Academy," wdiose centenary was observed on the above-named occasion. 

Mr. Gibson in his address gives an interesting narrative of the settlement of that 
part of New York state, and biographies of the principals of the academy and 
others connected with it, with glances at the state of society and of education there 
at different periods. The author of this address has prepared a full history of the 
academy, which he will publish if sufficient encouragement is given. \Ve trust 
that he may be encouraged to do it. 

Suffolk Deeds, Liber 1. Boston : Rockwell & Churchill, City Printers, No. 39 Arch 

St. 1880. [8vo. pp. 827.] 

This volume has been printed by order of the Board of Aldermen of the city of 
Boston, acting as County Commissioners. The original, which has a value to the 
historical student as well as the conveyancer, had become SO much dilapidated that 
the most prominent members of the Suffolk bar petitioned Feb. 10, 1879, that the 
Volume be copied and printed verbatim, which has been done. The copy has been 
made by William I>. Trask, Esq., than whom no more competent person could be 
found. Mr. Trask lias superintended the printing, lb' has also indexed the work 
in a thorough manner, there being five separate indexes, filling 330 pages. John 
T. Elassam, Esq., to whom the public are ni >re indebted than any other person for 
bringing this matter to the attention of the members of the bar and the board of 
aiderox n, has rend* red valuable assistance on the indexes and in other ways. 

The volume has been completed at so late a day, that a notice worthy -)i' the 
book cannot be prepared in season for this number. We hope to do justice to it 
in our April issue. 

1881.] Booh Notices. 109 

The Relation of the Fisheries to the Discovery and Settlement of North America. 
Delivered bejore the New Hampshire Historical Society, at Concord, June, 1880, 
and the Massachusetts Fish and Game Protection Society, at Boston, 1880. By 

( n \kles Levi Woodbury Boston: Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers. 1880. 

[8vo. pp. 26.] 

Mr. Woodbury is well known as a diligent student of New England history. This 
short essay is the result of his studies of some of the early European voyages of 
discovery to these shores, and particularly fishing voyages. He points out some 
interesting relations between the winter fisheries and settlements not hitherto no- 
ticed. He also touches upon many points relating to the period of discovery and 
colonization, that historical students will find woithy of their consideration. Our 
space will not allow us to indicate fully Mr. Woodbury's interesting views of the 
characters and events of the period upon which he writes. We commend this re- 
view to all who desire to see this great subject freshly and vigorously considered. We 
regard it as an earnest of what we may expect from his other historical researches. 

[By Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston.] 

The Life of James A. Garfield. By Charles Carleton Coffin (War Correspondent 
" Carleton '). With a Sketch of the Life of Chester A. Arthur. Illustrated. 
Boston : James H. Earle, Publisher. 1880. * [ISmo. pp. 364.] 
This book was written in haste in the early portion of the recent presidential cam- 
paign ; and now that the subject is soon to be raised to the highest gilt in Ameri- 
can citizenship, a new interest surrounds it. Though written in haste, it is 
well done. The aptness of Mr. Coffin in collating incidents which are surrounded 
by things exciting interest, is shown in this work. The subject of this biography 
affords a line field for research and writing, which makes the book one of great 
interest. The struggle of the parents, the youth of Garfield, his endeavors to se- 
cure education, his aptness in the class room as teacher, his patriotism and service 
in the war, and the breadth and culture displayed in Congress in dealing with the 
multitudinous questions which arise in the affairs of state, all of these open to a 
wide-awake author a richness of theme rarely surpassed. Mr. Coffin has done his 
work well ; and in this brief notice we will not mention it as a mere campaign 
book, for it has proven itself more than that already, but speak of it as a foundation 
on which can be made a standard work among the biographies of those representing 
the best American life. 

[By the Rev. Aaron Titus, Jr., of Weymouth, Mass.] 

Reminiscences of Distinguished Men of Essex County. Communicated by Hon. Na- 
than Crosby, LL.D. From the Hist. Coll. Essex Inst., vol. xvii. part 2. Salem : 
Printed at the Salem Press. 1880. [8vo. pp. 29.] 

This paper was read before the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, on the 
7th of April last (Register, xxxiv. 318). It was again read on the 19th of the same 
month before the Essex Institute, and printed in their Collections, from which this 
reprint is made. 

Judge Crosby prefixes to his reminiscences some eloquent remarks upon the pre- 
eminence of Essex County in the history of this commonwealth. u She is," says he, 
" our Mecca and our Antioch ; our national birth-place and our christening." The 
reminiscences relate chiefly to three eminent men of about the author's own age, 
viz. : the Hon. Rufus Choate, the Hon. Caleb Gushing and the Hon. Robert Ran- 
toul, Jr., " born within a lew miles of each other, Choate in 1799, Cushing in 
1800, and Rantoul in 1805, of parents of about equal condition and position in 
society." Among the other celebrities with whom Judge Crosby was acquainted 
and has given interesting recollections here, are Garrison, the anti-slavery leader, 
Prescott, the historian, Whittier, the poet, Hawthorne, the novelist, Peabody, the 
benevolent banker, and Miss Hannah F. Gould, the poetess. 

of Benni 
Tuttle & 
1879. [8vo. pp. 232.] 

The services on the two days named in the title of this book were intended to 
commemorate the centenaries of two separate events in the history of Vermont ; the 
first the independence of the state, and the second an important revolutionary bat- 
tle fought on its soil. The true centenary of the independence of V T ermont was 

VOL. XXXV. 10* 

110 Boole Notices. [Jan. 

Jan. 17, 1877, that being one hundred years from Jan. 17, 1777, when a conven- 
tion of the people at Westminster declared Vermont to be "a separate, free and 
independent jurisdiction or state." It was thought best, however, to combine the 
two celebrations. 

The oration on Vermont day was by Daniel Roberts, Esq., of Burlington, and 
that on Bennington day by the Rev. Samuel 0. Bartlett, D.D., president of Dart- 
mouth College. Both are worthy of the occasion that called them forth. Some of 
the most eminent men in the nation contributed to the interest of these two days, 
and their speeches and writings are printed with the above-named orations in this 
volume. The volume also contains a good account of the Battle of Bennington, by 
the venerable Hon. lliland Hall, LL.D., and the proceedings at three local celebra- 
tions in 1877, namely, one in Westminster Jan. 15, the centenary of the declaration 
ot independence by Vermont ; another at Ilubbardton July 7, the centenary of 
the battle ol Ilubbardton ; and the last at Windsor July 8 and 9, the first day be- 
ing the centenary of the adoption of the constitution of Vermont. Several fine 
engravings on steel embellish the volume. The celebration was a credit to the state, 
and the book is a fitting memorial of it. 

The Writings of Louis Hennepin, Recollect Franciscan Missionary. By Rev. Ed- 
ward D. Neill, President of Macalester College. [1880. 8vo. pp. 10.] 

The Rev. Mr. Neill, the author of this paper, which was read Sept. 6, 1880, at 
the monthly meeting of the Department of American History, Minnesota Historical 
Society, has done much by original research to elucidate the early history of our 
country. Mr. Neill here shows that Hennepin's first book, " The History of Louis- 
iana," is " a compilation from the writings of others with the interjection of exag- 
gerations." In his " New Discovery " gross falsehoods are pointed out. The au- 
thorship of this work has been doubted, but Mr. Neill gives reasons for believing 
it to be by Hennepin. " Recent doubts," he adds, " can never shear him of his 
reputation as the author of the ' Nouvelle Decouverte,' and nothing has been dis- 
covered to change the verdict of two centuries, that Louis Hennepin, Recollect 
Franciscan, was deficient in christian manhood." 

Catalogue of the Choice and Extensive Law and Miscellaneous Library of the late 

Hon. Wm. Green, LL.D., Comprising nearly 10,000 Volumes To be sold 

by Auction, January 18,1881 John E. Lau<rhton, Jr., Auctioneer 

No. 910 Main Street, Richmond, Va. [8vo. pp. 210. J 

An advertisement of this sale, to wdiich we refer our readers for detail?, will be 
found on the cover of this Register. The catalogue, which was prepared under the 
supervision of R. A. Brock, Esq., corresponding secretary and librarian of the Vir- 
ginia Historical Society, and a personal friend of the late owner, exhibits care and 
lucid arrangement. It is a neatly printed book of 210 pages, and in the department 
of law particularly has special value, as presenting, possibly, a more complete bib- 
liography of the "tortuous science" than has yet appeared, as the library con- 
tains many volumes which are said by those well informed, and whose dictum is 
authority, not to exist elsewhere. The late owner was a profound bibliopole as well 
as lawyer, and it was his uniform habit to annotate his books, which are thus well 
freighted with the w r ealth of his untiring investigations. Many of them are attrac- 
tive also by reason of past associations, containing as they do memorials of distin- 
guished ownership in England and America, autographs, book-plates, MS. notes, &c. 

Census of Seymour. 1880. Price 25 els. Published by W. C. Sharpe, Seymour, 

Conn. [12mo. pp. 25.] 

This pamphlet contains the names of all the residents, male and female, of Sey- 
mour, Conn., June I, 1880, as taken by Mr. Henry Bradley, the United States cen- 
sus enumerator for that town, but without the ages and other particulars. It will 
be useful to genealogists. 

The Family of Fuller. Some Royal, Noble, and Gentle Descents of the Kerry 
Branch. Compiled for his Descendants, by James Franklin Fuller, F.S.A. 
[Motto.] (Twenty copies only.) Printed at the Private Press of John Wilson, 
C. E., Urmond Road, Dublin. 1880. [Folio, 33 leaves unpaged.] 

The. J or vis Family ; or The Descendants of the First Settlers of the Name in Massa- 
chusetts and Long Island, and those who have more recently Settled in O/her Parts 
of the United States and British America. Colleeted and Compiled by George A. 
Jarvis of New York : Qeorgb Murrav Jarvis of Ottawa, Canada ; William 
Jarvis Wetmore of New York ; assisted by Alfred Harding of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

1881.] Booh Notices. Ill 

Hartford: Press of The Case* Lookwood & Brainard Company. 1879. [8vo. pp. 
?ii.-f-350+19. With blank Family Record, 4 leaves appended.] 

Peirce Genealogy, being the Record of the Posterity of John Pcrs, an Early Inhabitant 
of Watertown in Sew England) who came from Norwich, Norfolk Count//, Eng- 
land; with Notes on tin- History of other Families of Petrce, Pierce, Pearce t etc. 
By Frederick Clifton Peirce, Esq Worcester: Press of Charles Hamil- 
ton, No. 301 Main Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 278. Price $4.] 

Memoir of Col. Joshua Fry, sometime Professor in William and Mary College, Vir- 
ginia, and Washington's Senior in Command of Virginia Forres, 17.">1, etc. etc.; 
with an Autobiography of his son, Rev. Henry Fry, and a Census of their De- 
scendants. By Rev. P. Slaughter, 1) I)., Author of "History of St. George's 
Parish." "St. Mark's Parish," "Bristol Parish," etc. etc. [1880. 8vo. pp. 

Genealogical Memoirs of John Knox and the Family of Knox. By the Rev. Charles 

Rogers, LL I)., Historiographer of the Royal Historical Society London: 

Printed for the Royal Historical Society. 1879. [8vo. pp. 184.J 

Genealogical Memoirs of the Scottish House of Christie. Compiled From Family 
Papers and the Public Record, by the Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D Lon- 
don : Printed for the Royal Historical Society. 1878. [8vo. pp. 7rt.] 

Genealogical Memoirs of the Families of Colt and Coults. By the Rev. Charles 

ROGERS, LL.D London: Printed lor the Royal Historical Society. 1H70. 

[8vo. pp. 59.] 

Sharpc Genealogy and Miscellany. By W . C. Sharpi, Author of the " History of 
Seymour." Record Print, Seymour, Conn., 1880. [l2mo. pp. 178; with por- 
traits, fac-si miles and coat-of-arms. Price $1.50, to be obtained of the author, 
Seymour, Conn.] 

Some Account of the Clayton Family of Thelwall, co. Chester; afterwards of St. 
Dominion's Abbey , Doneraile and Mallow, co. Cork. A Paper read before the 
Historic Society of Lancashire and Chester, \th March, 1880. By J. Paul Hy- 
lands, F.S.A., &c. [Seal.] Liverpool j T. Brakell, Printer, 08 Dale Street. 
1880. f8vo. pp. 20.1 

The Starkie Family of Pennington and B><1 ford, in the Parish of Leigh, co. Lan- 
caster. Two Papers By J. Pail RtLANDS, F.S.A. Leigh, Lancashire: 

1880. (Not Published.) [8vo. pp. IS J 

Contributions to the Genealogy of the Burbank and Burbanck Families in the United 
States. By G. T. Ridlon. Saco, Me. : From the Press of C. P. Pike. 1880. 
[8vo. pp. 56.] 

A Genealogy of the Li/tlehale Family in America from 1033 to 1G80. Collated and 

Compiled by F. II. LlTTLEHALE, of the Eighth Generation Dallas, Texas : 

Bolles & Stevens, Mercantile Job Printers. 1880. [8vo. pp. 10.] 

A Memorial of a Respectable and Respected Family, and especially of Joshua Bick- 
ncll, Farmer, Representative, Senator, Judge and Eminent Christian Citizen: 
" The Noblest Roman of them All.'* Boston, Mass. : New England Publishing 
Co., Pi inters. 1880. [8vo. pp. 32-f-xvi.] 

The Towne Memorial ; Compiled from the New England Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Register, Towne Manuscripts, Public and Family Records, for A. F. 'Towne, 
Esq., San Francisco. Cal. By EnwiN Huhilvrd Chicago: Fergus Print- 
ing Company. 1880. [8vo. 114-f-xvi.] 

We continue this quarter our notices of genealogical works recently published. 
The elegant work on the Fuller family, whose title heads our list, consists of thir- 
ty tables, giving the descent of the author's children from " royal, noble or gentle " 
families for several hundred years. Among their ancestors may be named Charle- 
magne and Alfred the Great. Mr. Fuller has been very successful in tracing these 
descents, and has displayed them in a clear manner. 

The Jarvis genealogy is a neatly printed work of nearly four hundred pages, with 
numerous portraits and other illustrations. Among the distinguished persons of 
this name recorded here are — Edward Jarvis, M D., the venerable president of the 
American Statistical Association; William Jarvis, U.S. Consul and charge d'af- 
faires at Lisbon ; the Rt. Rev. Abraham Jarvis, D.D., bishop of Connecticut^and his 
son the Rev. Samuel F. Jarvis, D.D., LL.D. An index would double the value of 
the volume. 

The Pierce genealogy is by the author of the History of Grafton, noticed by us in 
April last (Register, xxxiv. 220). The book seems to be thoroughly prepared. 

112 Recent Publications, [Jan. 

being precise and full as to names and dates ; and is clearly arranged, with good 
indexes. The volume is handsomely printed, and is illustrated with numerous 
Bteel-plate, heliotype and ar to type portraits and views. Among the distinguished 
descendant^ of John Peirce of Watcrt )\vn, may he named Gov. John A. Andrew, 
the Hon. ES. Rockwood Hoar, the Hon. George F. Hoar, Prof. Benjamin Peirce of 
Harvard University, and the Hon. Henry L. Pierce. 

The Kev. Dr. Slaughter's book contains much interesting local and general histo- 
ry, as well as the biography and genealogy of the Frys. It is well prepared and 
well printed. 

The three volumes of genealogy by the Rev. Dr. Rogers, of London, are like all 
his works, models of historical and genealogical research. In the first book, the 
genealogy of the famous reformer, John Knox, is traced, and his biography fully 
given. The Scottish families to which the other books are devoted, have a historic 

The author of the Sharpe genealogy published a work in 1874 on this name which 
was noticed in the Register (xxxiii. 267). The present work is much enlarged and 
improved. Among those who have aided the author is Miss Thomasin Elizabeth 
Sharpe, of Kensington, England, author of " A Royal Descent and other Pedigrees" 
(Register, xxxi. 349). English genealogy and biography, as well as American, are 
here given. 

Of the two works by Mr. Rylands, the first is a reprint from the "Transactions 
of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire," for the year 1880 ; and the sec- 
ond is a reprint of two Papers contributed to the " Historical and Genealogical 
Notes " in the Leujh Chronicle. They are valuable additions to the genealogy of 
the two counties of Lancaster and Chester. 

The Rev. Mr. Ridlon's pamphlet is the first work yet published on the Burbank 
family, and is a valuable " contribution " to its genealogy. 

The Littlehale pamphlet gives descendants of Richard Littlehale, an early settler 
of Rowley. The author, who resides in the state of Texas, deserves much credit for 
compiling so satisfactory an account of the Littlehales under the disadvantage of 
distance from his kindred and the records of his family. 

The Bicknell genealogy gives the ancestry and descendants of Joshua 6 Bicknell 
(Joshua, 6 Joshua, 4 Zachariah, 3 John, 2 Zachary 1 ), with biographical matter. Ap- 
pended is the pamphlet noticed in July last (Register, xxxiv. 234). 

The Towne genealogy is by the author of the pamphlet noticed last October (Reg- 
ister, xxxiv. 432), but is much enlarged and improved. The manuscript genealogy 
of this family by the late William B. Towne, Esq., to which Mr. Hubbard acknow- 
ledges his indebtedness, ought to be published in full. Mr. Towne spent more or 
less time for nearly half a century in collecting and arranging his materials, some 
of which were obtained from persons now dead, and from records which cannot now 
be found. His work is very full and quite voluminous. 


Presented to the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, to Dec. 1, 18S0. 

Atlas of Barnstable County, Massachusetts. Compiled from recent and actual surveys 
and records, under the direction of the publishers. Published by George II. Walker & 
Co., 81 Milk Street, Boston, Mass. 1S80. [Folio, pp. 81.] 

Pictorial History of Lynn. Lynn, Mass., 1880. Published by the Photo-Electrotype 
Co., 171 Devonshire St Boston. James H.Stark, C. A. Wood, Editors. Price 15 cents. 
[Folio, pp. 24] 

Memoires dc la Societe Historique de Montreal Voyage de Kalm en Amerique. Ana- 
lyse et traduit par L. VV. Marchand, Avocat, Griffier de la courd'appel, Membre de la Soci- 
ete Historique de Montreal, Membre Correspondent de la Societe Qes Antiquaires da Nord, 
etc. etc. [Arms.] Montreal: Imprime par T. Berthiaume, Nos. 212 et 214 Rue Notre- 
Dame. 1880. [Royal 8vo. 2 Nos. Scptieme Livraison, pp. 168. Huitieme Livraison, 
pp. 256.] 

The City of Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, and the surrounding country j their 
condition,' resources and advantages, and the inducements they ofler to those seeking homes 
or places for business, investments, etc. by Jed. Hotehkiss, Consulting Engineer, author 
of the " 8tate Summary of Virginia," "A Prefatory" and "A Complete Geography of 
Virgina," etc. Staunton, Va. Spectator Steam Printing-House. D. E. Strasburg, Book 
and' Job Printer. [Imp. 8vo. pp. 48.] 

The Charter and By-Laws of the Tennessee Historical Society, revised Oct. 1S78, with a 
list of members. Nashville : Printed for the Society. 1880. [8vo. pp. 24.] 

1881.] Recent Publications. 113 

Memorial of the Centennial Celebration of the battle of P.mlus Hook, Aug. 19th, 1879; 
With a history of the early settlement and present condition of Jersey City, N. J. Kdited 
by George H. Farrier. . . . Jersey City: M. Mullone, Printer. 1379. [8vo. pp. 182.] 

The First Church in Gloucester. An authentic historical statement. Showing also the 
legal relations of Parishes and Churches. Procter Brothers, Printers, Gloucester. 1880. 
[8vo. pp. 27.] 

Subjects fur Master's Degree in Harvard College. 1655—1791. Translated and arranged 
with an introduction and notes by Edward J. Young. [Reprinted from the Proceedings of 
the Mass. Historical Society, June, 18o0.] Cambridge: John Wilson & Son, University 
Press. 18S0. [8vo. pp. 33'.] 

The City of Buffalo and its surroundings, its business facilities and its advantages as a 
place of residence and summer resort. . . . Buflklo : Published by William Thurston. 
The Courier Company, Printers, 107 Main Street. 1830. [8vo. pp. 4s.] 

A Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the ('Diversity of Virginia. Fifty-sixth 
Session. 1879-80. Richmond : Whittet & Shepperson, Printers, cor. loth and Main Sts. 
1880. [8vo. pp. 64.] 

Memoirs ofQeorge B. Wood, M.D , LL.D. By Henry Ilartshnrnc, A M., M.D. (Read 
before the American Philosophical Society, Oct. 11, 188ii.) [3vo. pp. 35 ] 

The two hundred and forty-second Annual Record of the Ancient and Honorable Artil- 
lery Company of Massachusetts. 1879-80. Sermon by Rev. Bdward Everett Hale, of Boston, 
Mass. Boston : Alfred Mudge & Sou, Printers, 34 School St. 1380. [8vo. pp. 117.] 

Necrology for 1879-80, Dartmouth College. [8vo. pp 20.] 

The Fencing of Railroads. A correspondence between William O. Brown, Esq., chair- 
man of the hoard ofCounty Commissioners of the County of Worcester, and lion. a. A. 
Burrage. Published by request. Boston: Printed by Warren Richardson, 146 Franklin St. 
and 149 Congress Street. 1380. [8vo. pp. 39.] 

The Boston Public Latin School, 1635-1880. Bv Henry F. Jenks. Illustrated. Cam- 
bridge, Mass. : Published by Moees King. 1881. [8vO. pp 2b] 

Act and Bull, or Fixed Anniversaries. A paper submitted to the Numismatic and Anti- 
quarian Society of Philadelphia, Nov. 4, 138'), bv Lewi- A. Scott, with an ap >cndix con- 
taining the Bull of Gregory XIII. translated, and the body of the Act of Parliament. [8vo. 

Biographical Memoranda respecting all who ever were members of the Cla-s of 1832, in 
Yale College. Edited by the Class-Secretary, for private distribution. New Haven: Tut- 
tle, Morehouse & Taylor, Printers. [1380. ' Folio, pp. 30(3+. J 

Proceedings of the u. S. Naval Institute; the autobiography of Commodore Charles 
Morris, U.S.N. [Seal.] Published by the Institute, Annapolis, Md. [8vo. pp. 219.] 

Harvard University Library Bulletin, No. 10, October 1st, 1SS0. Vol. II. No. 3. 

Report of the Proceedings of the Society of the Army of West Virginia, at its first three 
meetings. . , . With Constitution and By-Laws of the Society. Cincinnati: Peter G. 
Thompson, Publisher, 179 Vine St. 1880. [8vo. pp. 56.] 

Memoir of the Hon. John Albion Andrew, LL.D. By Peleg W. Chandler. Reprinted 
from the proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society for April, P>b0. Cambridge: 
John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1880. [8vo. pp. 32] 

Semi-Ccntcnnial Meeting of the Orange County Conference, held at Randolph, Vt., with 
the historical discourse by Rev. L. H. Eliot. 1830-18b0. Montpelier, Vt. : Argus and Pat- 
riot Job Printing House. 1880. [8vo. pp. 28.] 

Christianity and Science, an Address by Rev. John P. Gulliver, at his inauguration as 
Stone Professor of the Relations of Christianity to the Secular Sciences, Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary, June 23, 1379, together with a memorial of the founder and the statutes 
of the foundation. Andover: Printed by Warren A. Draper. 1830. [3vo. pp.46.] 

The Farewell Sermon delivered by Rev. Sereno D wight Gammcll, on Sunday, August 1, 
1880, in Boxford, Mass., at the conclusion of his settlement over the first church and parish 
in that town; also extracts from resolutions passed by church and parish, and htatistics. 
Boxford : Sidney Per ley. 1880. [8vo. pp. 8. J 

Proceedings of the Grand Commandery of Maine ; and its twenty-ninth annual conclave, 
held at Portland. May o, 1880. Vol. IV— Part I. [Seal.] Portland: Stephen Berry, 
Printer. 1880. [8vo. "pp. 108.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Chapter of Maine at its fiftv-fifth annual convocation, Irld at 
Portland, May 4, 1880. Vol. VI. Part 11. [Seal.] Portland : Stephen Berry, Printer. 
1830. [8vo. pp. 268.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodae of Maine, at its sixty-first annual communication, held 
at Portland, Mav. 1880. Vol. X.— Part II. [Seal.] Portland: Stephen Berrv, Printer. 
1880. [8vo. pp. 580 ] 

The Three Years' Service of the Thirty-Third Mass. Infantry Regiment, 1862-1865, and 
the campaigns and battles of Chancellorsville, Beverlev's Ford, Gettysburg, Waukatchie, 
Chattanooga, Atlanta, the march to the sea and tlnough the Carolinas, in which it took 
part. By Adin B. Underwood, A.M., formerly colonel of the regiment, Brig. Gen. and 

114 Recent Publications. [Jan. 

Brevet M;ij. Gen. U.8.V. Boston: A. Williams & Co., Publishers, 283 Washington Street. 
1881. [8vo. pp. 299+.] 

Noti oncerning the Wampaaoag Tribe of Indians, with some account ofa Rock Picture 
on the shore of Mount Hope Bay, in Bristol, B. I., by William J. Miller. Providence: 
Sidney s. Rider. 1880. [8vo. pp. 148. J 

The General Association of the Congregational Churches of Massachusetts, 1880; Min- 
utes of the seventy-eighth annual meeting, Salem, June lo-17, with the statistics. Boston ' 
Congregational Publishing Society, Congregational House. 1880. [8vo. pp. 120.] 

History of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 1829-1878. [Seal.] Boston : Printed 
for the Society. 1880. [8vo.pp.545.] 

Exposition du Canada, Montreal, 1880. Exposition Scolairc de, la Province de Quebec. 
Catalogue et list offlcielle des recompenses. Imprimee par J B. Laplante, 24o Rue St. 
Jacques, Montreal. 1880. [8vo. pp. 1.54-68.] 

History of Corinthian Chapter No. 7 of Royal Arch Masons, Belfast, Maine, from 1818 
to 1880. By Russell G. Dyer, Secretary. Belfast ; G. W. Burgos, Pi inter. 18:0. [8vo. 
PP- 80.] 

The new Public Buildings on Penn Square in the city of Philadelphia; address of Hon* 
Benjamin Harris Brewster, at the laying of the corner stone, July 4, 1874, with a descrip- 
tion of the buildings, the statistics and progress of the work up to January 1, 1880. . . . 
Printed for the Commissioners. Philadelphia: 1880. [8vo. pp. 38] 

Reminiscences of Fugitive Slave-Law Days in Boston. By Austin Bearse. Boston: 
Printed by Warren Richardson, 146 Franklin Street and 149 Congress Street 1880. [8vo. 

Report of the joint select Committee to inquire into the condition of the Election Returns 
of Sept. 8th, 1879, and the expenditure of public moneys under the direction of Governor 
Garcelon and Council, made to the 59th legislature of Maine. Augusta : Sprague & Son, 
Printers to the State. 1880. [8vo. pp. 838] 

A Sketch of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in America. The annual address delivered be- 
fore the Massachusetts Eclectic Medical Society, June 4, 1880. Bv Milbrey Green, M.D. 
Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, No. 34 School Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 66.] 

185.5—1880. A Discourse commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the organization of 
the Parish of Grace Church, Newton, Mass., delivered by the Rev. G. W. Sliinn, Rector, 
Sunday, Sept. 26, 1880. Boston : Press of D. Clapp & Son. 1880. [Sq. Svo. pp. 25.] 

History of the Seventh Squadron Rhode Island Cavalry. By a Member, 1862. " Old 
Times " Office. Yarmouth, Me. 1879. [Svo. pp. 11.] 

Minutes of the Seventy-First Annual Meeting of the General Association of New Hamp- 
shire, held at Portsmouth, Sept. 14, 15 and 16, 1880. Seventy-Ninth Annual 

Report of the New Hampshire Home Missionary Society. Bristol, N. 11. Printed by R. 
W. Musgrove. 18 W. [Svo. pp. 97.] 

The Back Bay District and the Vendome, Boston. By Moses King. 1S80. [Svo. pp. 31.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of the most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free 
and Accepted Masons. Quarterly communication, Sept. 8, 1880. Boston: Press of Rock- 
well & Churchill, 39 Arch Street." 1880. [Svo. pp. 101.] 

Visitors' Guide to Salem. Salem, Mass. Henry P. Ives, Publisher. 1880. [8vo. pp. 
54, xxxii ] 

Biographical Memoir of Mrs. Arabella Maclay Widney. [8vo. pp. 23.] 

Catalogus Senatus Academici et coram qui munera et officia gesserunt quique honoribus 
academicis donati sunt in Universitate Brunensi, qnaa est Providential in Republics Insula) 
Rhodiensis. Providential: J. A. et 11. A. Rcid, Typographic. MDCCCLXXX. [Svo. pp. 125.] 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society at the semi-annual meeting held at 
Boston, April 28, 18S0. [Seal.] Worcester: Printed by Charles Hamilton, Central Ex- 
change. 1880. [Svo. pp. 91.] 

Curiosities of History: Boston, September Seventeenth, 1630— 16S0. Bv William W. 
Wheildon. Second Edition. Boston : Lee & Shepard, Publishers. 1880. [12tno. pp. 141.] 

Reply to Francis Brinley on the claims of Hon. John P. Bigelow as founder of Boston 
Public Library. By Timothy Bigelow. Read before Boston Antiquarian Club, May 11, 
1*80. Boston : Tolman & White, Printers, 3S3 Washington St. 18S0. [Hvo. pp. 60.J 

Collections of the Minnesota Historical Society. Vol. III. Part 3. [Seal.] Saint Paul: 
Published by the Society. 1880. [Svo. pp. 162.] 

The Philosophy of History. A valedictory address delivered at the commencement ex- 
ercise- of Woodward and Hughes High Schools, Cincinnati, June IS, 1S80. By Walter W. 
Spooner. [Svo. pp. G.] 

Constitution and By-Laws of the British Charitable Society, together with a list of mem- 
bers and donors, [seal.] Revised, May, 1880, Boston: Wright & Potter Printing Co., 
No. 18 Post-Office Square. 1880. [l2mo. pp. 26.] 

Fifty-Ninth Annual Report of the Hoard of Direction of the Mercantile Library Associa- 
tion of the City of New York. May, 1879— April, 1880. New York : Terwtlliger& Peck, 
Steam Printers and Stationers, No. 83 Eighth Avenue. 1880. [Svo. pp. 30.] 

1881.] Recent Publications, 115 

Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the University of Alabama. With a statement 
of the courses of instruction in the various departments. 1879-80. [Seal.] Tuscaloosa, 
Ala. 188). [8vo. pp. 32.] 

Bulletin of the Boston Public Library, July, 1880. Vol. 4, No. 7. [Royal 8vo. pp. 32.] 

Obituary Record of Alumni of Wesleyan University for the academic year ending June 

24, 1880. Issued for the use of the alumni. No. 17 of the printed series. Middletown, 

Conn. 1880. [8vo. pp. 22.] 

The Grand Encampment and Knights Templars' Triennial Conclave, at Chicago, August 
16, 17, 18 and 19, 1880, containing a complete programme of the ceremonies and Festivities 
of the four days' entertainment, together with a History of the Order, chronicles of previ- 
ous conclaves, description of arches and other decorations, explanations of emblems, etc. 
etc. By W. 8. Walker and Charles W. Northup. . . . Chicago: Culver, Page, Hoyne 
& Co., Printers. 1880. [8vo. pp. 128] 

Report of the Superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, showing the progress of 
the work Cor the fiscal year ending with June, 1876. Washington: Government Printing 
Office. 1879. [Folio, pp. 416-f .] 

Memorial Services of Commemoration Day, held in Canton May 29, 1880, under the aus- 
pices of Revere Encampment, Post 91. Grand Armv of the Republic. Boston: William 
Bense, Printer, 35 Congress St. I860. [8vo. pp. 28.] 

The Threshing-Floor. A Critic criticized, and School Reform indorsed. Mr. Bates win- 
nowed and passed through the sieve ; his wheat and chaff separated ; and the Boston 
School Committee sustained. Reported for the guidance of parents and tax-payers by their 
sub-committee of One. Boston: Lee & Shepard, Publishers. 1880. [8vo. pp. 18.] 

Society of the Army of the Cumberland, eleventh re-union, Washington City, D. C. 
1879. Published by order of the Society. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Company. 1880. 
[8vo. pp. 292.] 

Settlers of Aquidncck, and Liberty of Conscience. Read before the Rhode Island His- 
torical Society, February, 1880. By Henry E. Turner, M.D. Published bv the Newport 
(R. 1) Historical Publishing Co. R. H. Tilley, Secretary, 128 Thames St. 1880. [8vo. 
pp. 51.] 

Correspondence connected with the withdrawal of Mr. Theodore Thomas from the Col- 
lege of Music of Cincinnati. Cincinnati : Press of Robert Clarke & Co. 1880. [8vo. 
pp. 15.] 

Address at the Unveiling of the Monument erected to the memory of James Lewis 
Young, delivered in Machpelah Cemetery, Mt. Sterling, Ivv., on October 2. 1879. By Wm. 
C. P. Breckinridge. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke cSi Co. 1879. [8vo. pp. 20.] 

Unveiling of Ward's Equestrian Statue of Major General George H. Thomas, Washing- 
ton, November 19, 1879. Address bv Stanley Matthews. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & 
Co. 1879. [8vo. pp. 30.] 

Address to Alumni of Kenvon College, June 23, 1880. By Stanlev Matthews. Cincin- 
nati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1880. [8vo. pp. 33.] 

Lewis D. Campbell, of Ohio. A brief Biographical Sketch. . [8vo. pp. 8.] 

Report of the Joint Select Committee to inquire into the condition of the Election 
Returns of September 8th, 1879, and the Expenditure of Public Moneys under the direc- 
tion of Gov. Qarcelon and Council, made to the 59th legislature of Maine. [8vo. pp 30-f-.] 

Register of the Commissioned, Warrant and Volunteer Officers of the Navy of the United 
States, including officers of the marine corps and others, to July 1, 1880. Washington: 
Government Printing Office. 1880. [8vo. pp. 79.] 

Report on the Training Systems for the Navy and Mercantile Marine of England, and 
on the naval training system of France, made to the Bureau of Equipment and Re- 
cruiting U. S. Navy Department. September, 1879. Bv Lieutenant Commander F. E. 
Chadwick, U. S. Navy. Washington Printing Office. 1880. [8vo. pp. 207.] 

Report on Foreign Svstems of Naval Education. Bv Professor James Russell Soley, 
U.S.N. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1880. [8vo. pp. 335.] 

Annual Report Secretary of the Navy on the operations of the department for the year 
1879. Washington : Government Printing Office. 1880. [8vo. pp. 379.] 

First Annual Report of the State Board of Health, Lunacy and Charity of Massachu- 
setts, 1879. Supplement containing the reports and papers on Public Health. Boston : 
Rand, Avery & Co., Printers to the Commonwealth, 117 Franklin St. 1880. [8vo. pp. 277.] 

Minutes and Reports of the General Conference of the Congregational Churches in 
Maine, and Maine Missionary Society. 1880. [8vo. pp. 152.] 

An Account of the Commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the Boston Street M. E. 
Church, Lynn, Mass., May 20, 1878. Lvnn, Mass.: Leach & Lewis, Printers, Sherry's 
Block, Munroe Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 40.] 

Circulars of Information of the Bureau of Education. Nos. 2 and 3, 1880. . . . Wash- 
ington : Government Printing Office. 1880. [8vo. pp. 96 f 110.] 





Appletov, Mrs. Frances Anne Atkinson, 
wife ol the Hon. Edward Appleton, at 
Reading, Mass., Friday morning, Ju- 
ly 30, 1880, aged 63. She was a dau. 
of Theod >re and a granddaughter of 
William K. Atkinson, of Dover, N.U., 
of which ))lace she was a native. She 
was educated at the academy in that 
town, and in 1842 married Mr. Apple- 
ton, who in 18-14 removed to Reading, 
where she has since resided. 

Her life work has been chiefly in her 
own household, the care of a large fam- 
ily, in the frequent absence of Mr. 
Appleton in his professional work, 
devolving upon her. In the discharge 
of these duties she found her highest 
pleasure, making her home attractive 
alike to her family and friends. While 
she was eminently social, the life and 
the light of her household, her sym- 
pathies reached out to those around. 
She was thoughtful of the poor, and 
kept in preparation things that she 
might bestow for their comfort. Many 
will rise up to call her blessed. 

Mrs. Appleton was of one of the most 
prominent pre-revolutionary N. Hamp- 
shire families, viz., that of Col. Theo- 
dore Atkinson, councillor, secretary of 
the Province, and at one time owner of 
about one-fifth of the state not previ- 
ously granted or settled. The town of 
Atkinson was a portion of his posses- 
sions, and also the towns of Frances- 
town and Deering, named in honor of 
his son's wife, Frances Deering Went- 
worth, daughter of Samuel Went- 
worth, of Boston, who was a lady 
of rare beauty and accomplishments. 

By her mother's side she was a de- 
scendant of the Harris, Mason and 
Wendell families of this state, her 
grandmother being a sister of the Rev. 
Thaddeus Mason Harris, D.D., of 

Mrs. Appleton had a large collection 
of family souvenirs of more than or- 
dinary interestand value, some of them 
associated with historic families and 
dating back to colonial times. She was 
quite a student of genealogy, and col- 
lected many facts concerning the an- 
cestry of her relatives and friends. 

Cowles William Wade. Esq., at B B- 
ton. Mass., Oct. 4, 1880, aged 62. He 
was bom at Ghranby, Mas-., May 28, 
1818. He was lor over twenty years a 
well known broker in Huston, where 
he was a prominent member of the 
New Jerusalem church 

Fuller, Hiram, at Paris, France, Nov. 
19, 1880, aged 66. He w i of 

Thomas and Sarah Fuller, of Halifax, 
Miss., where he was born Sept. 6, 
1814. His emigrant ancestor was Dr. 
Samuel Fuller, of the Mayfl >wer Pil- 
grims. After teaching the public 
school in Plympton one winter, and 
a private school in Plymouth several 
years, Mr. Fuller became the princi- 
pal of Green Street Seminary, Provi- 
dence, R. I., where he had as an as- 
sistant the gifted Margaret Fuller, a 
descendant of Thomas Fuller, of rro- 
burn (Reg. xiii. 3.37, 363), not known 
to be related to the Pilgrim. He 
was afterwards a bookseller in Provi- 
dence. In 1843 he was associated with 
Nath'l P. Willis and George P. Morris 
in publishing the New Mirror. The 
Evening Mirror was a later venture 
by the three, but Mr. Fuller subse- 
quently became the proprietor. He 
was a genial, sociable companion and a 
writer of considerable talent. His pu- 
pils in Plymouth are said to speak of 
him as an excellent teacher, and hold 
him in affectionate remembrance. 

Some years ago he went abroad, es- 
poused the Confederate cause, and 
established at London The Cosmopo- 
lite, a weekly newspaper. He was 
afterwards engaged in journalism in 
Paris. He published The Groton Let- 
ters, N. Y., 1845 ; Belle Britain, or 
a Tour in Newport, N. Y., 1858 ; 
Sparks from a Locomotive, X. Y., 
1859 ; North and South, by the White 
Republican, London, 1863. 

Hatden, William, Esq , at Maiden, 
Mass., Oct. 6, 1880, aged 84. He was 
born, Nov. 8, 1795. at Richmond, Va., 
but was of New England ancestry. 
He was descended from the Vassals 
of Cambridge (Register, xxv. 41). 
His education was received at the B — 
ton public BChools, and he has been 
prominently connected with public 
affairs here in city and state. From 
1821 to 1811 he was auditor of Boston, 
and was afterwards editor of the Boston 
Atlas. He wis several years a mem- 
ber of the Boston c minion council, and 
a representative of this city in the 
Massachusetts general court. 

WtmAN, Miss Hannah Adams, in Med- 
ford, M;is^., Oct. .">. 1880, aued 68 yrs. 
7 mos. 16 days. She was a daughter 
of the late Joseph, Jr , and Elizabeth 
Lynde (Blanchard) Wyman. 


or i hi. 



The committee in charge of tlie publication of the first volume of biographies 

of deceased members of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 

printed at the cost of the "Towne Memorial Fund," announce that it is 

completed. It contains biographies of forty-three members, being ;ill who 

(fled during- the first eight years of the Society's existence, namely, from 

1845 to 1852, inclusive. The following is a list of the memorials with their 

authors : 

Introduction, "with biography of William 15. Towne, A.M., by tie B . !!■ nry , 1. Haaen, A.M. ; 
Hon. William Durkee Williamson, A.M., by the Hon. Joseph Willi \ M.. of Belfast, 

Me.; Benjamin Shurtleff, M I)., by Hiram S. Shurtleff, A.M., of Boston; Hon. Job 1>' 
I.L.I)., by the Hon. Thomaa Durfee, LL.D., Chief Justice of I -land; Luther Wait, by 

Mr. Abraham P. Wait, of [pswich; Samuel John Carr, M.D., by John War \.M.. of 

Boston; Bon. James Kent, 1.1.. I)., by Mr. Jam i Kent, of Fishkill- on- Hudson, N. Y.; Hon. 
Timothy Pitkin. LL.D., by the Rev. Thomas C. Pitkin, D.I> . of D troit, Mich.; Hon. Samuel 
Hubbard, LL.D., by Mrs. Elizabeth Gn ■■■■■ B fc,of Andover; Hon. John Quincy Adams, LL.D., 
by the Kon. Charles Francis Adams, LL.D., of Quincy; Prof. Merritt Caldwell, A.M., by 
William H.Allen, LL.D., President of Girard College, Philadelphia, Pa.; Hon. Nathaniel 
Morton Davis, A.M., by Charles Deane, LL.D., of Cambridgi ; Son. Harrison Gray I 
LL.D., by Augustus '/'. Perkins, A.M., of Boston; Benjamin Franklin Thompson, by Henry 
Onderdotik, Jr., A.M., of. Jamaica, N. \ . ; I. d 1". 1 ward Brewster, by Mr. D V. Hun 

of Canton; Hon. Theodore Lyman, Jr., A. M.. by 1 . A.1L. of Boston; Dr. 

Daniel Gilbert, by Dr. Daniel i). Gilbert, A.M., of Boston; Hon. Albert Gallatin, LL.D., by 
Henry Adams, A. 15., of Boston; Rev. John Peirce, D.D., by Mr. William li Trash, of Boston; 
Theodore Gushing, by Mr. William T. Cushing t of Atlantic City, Iowa; Hon. Samuel Turell 
Armstrong, by Mr. Uriel Crocker, of Boston; Rev. William Cogswell, D.D., by the 1 
Ephraim O. Jameson, A. 15., of East Medway; Hon. Joseph Sew all, by the Hon. Samuel E. 
Sewall, A.M., of Melrose; Hon. Daniel Putnam King, A.M., by the Hon. Benjamin C Perkins, 
of Peabody; Daniel Pinckney Parker, by John War i Dean, A.M.. of Boston; Rev. William 
Ely, A.R., by Rev. Increase N. Tarbor, D.D.. of Newton; William Pitt Greenwood, D.D.S.. by 
Isaac J. Greenwood, A.M., of New York, X. Y.; William Savage, by Miss Mary J. Cooper, of 
Amherst; Hon. Henry Alexander Scammel Dearborn, by Charles K. Dilla . A.M., of B 
ton; Lewis Bradford, by Mr. Bradford Kingman, ofBrookline; Hon. Levi Woodbury, LL.D., 
by the Hon. Charles Levi Woodbury, of Boston; William Ingalls, M.D., by William Ingalls, 
M.D.. of Boston ; EbenezeT Turell Andrews, by Mr. F. W. Andr ws, of Boston ; Israel Put- 
nam Proctor, by the late Mr. John W. Proctor, of Darners; Rev. Oliver Alden Taylor, A.M., 
by the Rev. Jeremiah Taylor, D.D., of Providence, R. I. ; Hon. Henry Clay, LL.D., by the 
lion. Robert C. Winthrop, LL.D., of Boston; Prof. Janus Luce Kingsley, LL.D., by William 
L. Kingsley, A.M., of New Haven, Conn.; Henry Holton Fuller, A.M.. by Hairy H. Fuller, 
M.D., of Boston; Hon. James Whiteomb, by Major Ben: Perley Poore, of Washington, D. C. ; 
Hon. Daniel Webster, LL.D., by the Hon." Charles II. Bell, A.M , of Exeter, X. II.; Prof. 
Daniel Drake, M.D., by the lion. Ch'irles I). Drake, of Washington, D. C. ; Ralph Haskins, 
by David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge ; Hon. David Henshaw, by Mr. Andrew 
Ilcnshaw Ward, of Bridgewater ; Amos Lawrence, by William M. Cornell, LL.D., of Boston. 

The volume contains over five hundred octavo pages, printed on superior 
paper, and handsomely bound. The price is $2/25. When the book is sent 
by mail, the postage, 25 cents, will be added. 

The money received for this volume will be added to the income of the 
"Towne Memorial Fund," and used in defraying the expense of the second 
volnine, now in preparation. Subsequent volumes will in due time be issued, 
forming a series replete with historic and biographic lore, of constantly in- 
creasing value. 

Only a small edition is printed, and those who wish the work should at 
once send in their names with the number of copies desired. 


ChoArman of the Committee, 

18 Somerset St., Boston, Mass. 



48 Central Street, Lowell, Mass 
i Bisto .—(From last page of cover.) 

Cincinnati in 1860 Stevens, p. 216, cl. Maps&c. 1.26 
Colorado, A Summer In— Bowles, pp. 168 1.00 

Concord, Mass.— Shattuck, pp. 392. Rare. 1835 10.(0 
Congregational Quarterly. 20 vols. Nos. com- 
plete. 79 PortN. [Hist., Biog. and Geneal.] 25.00 
Connecticut, Hist, of— Trumbull, Ports. 1793 6.00 
nine Laws, 1638. Plate. Ed. IS30 1.60 
Connecticut Evang'l Mag. 5 vols., oalf. 1800- i 
Dunstable, Mass.— Elias Nason, pp. 316. 1877 2.60 
Dunstable (Old)— ('. J. Fox, pp. 278, clo. 18-16 3.60 
Easthampton, Mass. [Genealogies.] Lyman 1.60 
Easthampton, Mass., Centennial. 1S7(>. Cloth .75 
Ecclesiastical Hist, of New England— J. B. Felt, 

pp. 1380 2 vols. 1856. Rare 10.00 

Eliot Apostle, Life of— ^Dearborn, pp. 32. 1850 .50 
Fall River, .Mass., Hist of-(>. Fowler, pp. 100 '2.00 
Fitchburg, Mass. — Torrey. Orig. ed. 1836. Rare 5.00 
Same, second ed. 18(55 1.50 

Framingham, Mass. — Barry, pp. 450, clo. 1S47 3.60 
Franklin, Conn. — Woodward, pp. 151, clo. 1.50 

Free Masonry, General History of. Half mor. 2.50 
Gardiner and Pittston, Me. pp. 343, clo. 1852 2.50 
Glen Cove, L. L— Scudder, pp. l ( .).">, clo. 1.50 

Granite Monthly, N. Hampshire Magazine [His- 
torical, & c.J 2 vols. Cloth 4.00 
Hampton, Va. Institute, pp. 250, clo. 1874 l.'O 
Haverhill, .Mass.— Mirick, pp. 227, bds. 1832 5.00 
Hazzen, Richard, .Journal of, 1741. pp. 11 -75 
Henniker, ST.H.— Cogswell, p. 803, Ports. 1880 3.50 
Hingham, Mass.— Lincoln, pp. 183, bds. 1827 5.00 
Hollis, N. H.— S. T. Worcester. Port's, p. 393 2.50 
Hudson, Mass. Centennial. Clo. 1877 1.00 
Illinois in 1837. Map. pp.143 1.25 
Illinois, Hist, of, 1811 to 1847— Ford, pp. 464, clo. 5.00 
Iowa, 1856— Parker. Map. pp. 187, clo. 1.25 
Iowa in 1857— Parker. Map. pp. 282, clo. 1.25 
Ipswich, Essex and Hamilton, Mass., Hist, of— 

J. B. Felt, pp. 319, clo. Port. Rare. 1834 5.00 

Lancaster County, Pa.— Harris, pp. 639. 1872 2.00 

Lawrence, Mass. — H ayes, pp. 168, clo. 1808 3.00 

Lawrence, Mass.. History of — H.A. Wads worth. 

70 Portraits. 1880. Cloth 1.25 

Same, sheets, folded 2.00 

Lewis County, N. Y.— Hough, pp. 319. Pts. 1860 3.00 

Leominster, Mass. — Wilder, pp. 263, clo. 1853 2 50 

Lexington, Mass.— C. Hudson, pp. 745 4.50 

Londonderry, N. H. — Parker, pp. 350 0.50 

Long Island, N. Y., Hist, of— Prime, pp. 420 3.00 

Louisiana— Darby, pp. 320. 1810 2.00 

Louisiana— .Stoddard, pp. 488. 1812 3.50 

Lowell, Mass., History of— Cowley. Port's. 1871 1.00 

" " Offering. Ed. by Factory Girls 2.00 

" " Masonic History, etc. 1872 .75 

Lowell, Mass., John St. Congl. Church. 40th 

Anniversary. 4 Portraits, 8vo. 1870. Rare .75 
Lowell, Mass., as it was and is — Miles. Map. 1845 1.00 
Maine, Ecclesiastical History of— Jona. Green- 
leaf, pp. 371. Rare. 1821 
Marlborough, Mass.— Hudson, pp. 545. 1862 
Massachusetts — Carpenter, pp, 330, clo. 1854 
Massachusetts, Gazetteer of— Nason. pp. 576 

Same, half Turkey morocco binding 
Massachusetts, History of— Austin, pp. 578. 1S75 3 00 
Massachusetts Historical Collections. — J. W. 

Barber. 200 Engravings. Map 5.00 

Mason, N. H.— Hill [Genealogies}, pp. 324. 1858 3.50 

Mather's Msgnalia, 1702, orig. map. hlftk'y 50.00 

" Another copy, tree calf 

" " fac simile map to same 

" " 2 pp. of errata 

Medford, Mass., Hist, of— Brooks, pp. 576, clo. 

Ports, and plates. 1855. Very rare 
Merrimack River, fao8imiU of old .Map 
Middlesex Co.) Ma — . Old Landmarks and 

Historic Fields— Drake. 1876 
Milwaukee, Wis.— Buck. Portraits. 1876 
Minnesota— Oliphant, pp. 306, clo. (855 
Montpelier, \'t- —Thompson, pp. 312, clo. 1800 
Natick, Mass. — Bacon, pp. 261, clo. 1856 
Natick, Mass., Hist, of— -Bigelow, pp. . v 7. 1830 
Newbury, Mass.— Coffin, pp. 116, do. 1846 
Newburyport, Mass.— Smith, pp. ill. 1864. 
Newburyport, Mass.- Cushing. 1826 
.V v. England, Hist, of— Prince, pp. 439. 1820 
New England— Morse and Parish. 1820 
New England Primer. Facsim. reprint, 1777 ed 
New Hampshin — Whlton. 1834 

Hampshire Historical 80c. Colls., B vols. 



2 50 


New Hampshire, Hist, of— J. Belknap and John 
Farmer. Sheets folded, uncut, pp.528. 18312.59 

New Hampshire Geology and Mineralogy — 

Jackson. Map- and plate-. 1SH. Rare 5.00 

New Hampshire Gazetteer -Farmer and Moore. 
Map and plates. 1826 2.00 

AnotherXopy, half morocco 2.50 

New Ipswich, N. H.— Kidder. Hit" mor. 1862 
New Plymouth Colony— Baylies ami Drake, 2 

vols., do. Maps. 1866 5.00 

Newport, N. H., Historical Sketches of. 1870 .26 
New York— Dunlap. 2 vols. Maps, &c. 1837 2.50 
New York Clergy. 50 Steel Pts., pp. 635. 1874 3.50 
New York, Churches of. pp. 222, do. 18 1.25 

North Carolina— Wheeler. 2 vols., pp 618. 1861 3.00 
Norton, Mass.— Clark. Pts. pp. :,;><>, clo. 1859 
Norwalk, Conn.— Hall [Genealogies]. 1847. 4.00 
Norwich, Conn., Hist, of— F. M. Caulkins. Half 

Turkey mor., pp. 704. 16 Ports. 1866 
Norwich, Conn. Jubilee — Stedman. Map. 1859 2.00 
Old South Church, Boston, History of— Burdett .60 
Patent Office Reports. [U.S.] 1790 to 1871 65.00 
Pennsylvania. History of— Cornell, pp. 576. 
Penn. Insur. of 1744— Brackenridge, pp. 336 2.00 
Philadelphia in 1824. Map and Illus. pp. 254 1.50 
Philadelphia in 1852— Smith. Illus. pp. 452. do. 2.00 
Plymouth, Mass.— Thacher. 1835 200 

Plymouth, Mass.— W. 8. Russell. Plates. 1840 1.50 
Another Edition. 1851. pp. 148 1.50 

Plymouth and R. I. Col's— Peiree's Civil, Mili- 
tary and Professional Lists. 1881. Cloth 2.00 
Portland, Me., Illust. History of— Neal, pp. 1G0 .50 
Portsmouth. N. II., Annals of— N. Adams. 1825 4.50 
Reformed Church in America — Corwin. 3d ed. 

cloth. 1870. 18 Portraits, 22 views 3.00 

Rehoboth, Mass., Hist.— L. Bliss, Jr. Rare. 183 
Ridgelhld. Conn , Hist, of— Teller, pp. 251. 1878 1.50 
Rowley, Ms. With Genealogies— Cage. 111. 1^40 6.00 
Roxbury, Mass. — F. S. Drake. Clo. uncut. 1878 3.50 
Rutland, Mass. — J. Reed. 1830. Orig. ed. Rare 5 00 
Salem, Ms., Annals of— Felt. 2 v. Rare. 1S45 8.00 
Saratoga and Ballston, N. Y.— Stone. 1875 2.00 

Seymour, Conn. — Sharpe, pp. 148. Rare. 1878 2.56 
Seymour, Conn. — Sharpe. 111. pp. 244. 1879 2 2.3 
Shrewsbury. Mass. — Ward [Genealogies]. 1847 4 50 
South Carolina — D. Ramsay. Vol. II. only. liar 
Spencer, Mass. [Genealogies] Draper. Pts. ISO'! 3.00 
Stanstead County, P. Q., Genealogies of 500 

Families — Hubbard & Lawrence, pp. 307. 1874 3.50 
St. John, N. B.— Conwell. Cloth. ls77. 1::.') 

Vermont— Coolidge and Mansfield. Plates. 1860 3.00 
Virginia— Thos. Jefferson. Port, and Map. 1802 Jf.00 
Warren, Me. — Eaton. Ports, and plates. 1>77 3.50 
Warren, N. H.—W. Little, pp. 592. Pts. 1870 4.50 
Warren, R. I.— Tustin and Fessenden, 1845 2.00 
Washington, D. C, Described— Phil), and Haley LOO 
Wenham, Ms.— Allen, pp. 220, clo. i860. Scarce 2.50 
West. States, Annals— J. M. Peck, pp. B18. 1851 5 00 

Provincial Papers, 

Priced Catalogue oi " 


•J. no 



:{.. r )(i 









Western States, Hist, (school)— L. Lilly. . 
White Mountains, N. II. -Willie, pp. 296 
Windsor [Ancient], Conn.— Stiles, pp. Moo. 2 v. 

Same, first edition, pp. 922 
Winthrop Me. — Thurston [Genealogies}. 1855 
Wisconsin — Lapham. Map. pp. 208. 1846 
Woodbury [Ancient], Conn., History and Gen- 

ealogv — Win. Cothren. :i vols. 
Woonsocket, R. [.—Richardson [Gen's]. 1870 
Worcester, Mass. — Win. Lincoln, pp. 384, clo. 
Worcester, Mass. in the Rebellion —Marvin 
Worcester County, Mass. — 1'. Whitney, pp. .339. 

Orig. Map. 17'.»:;. Very Rare 
Wyoming, Pa., Poetry and History of— Stone 
Wyoming, Pa. — Charles Miner. Slaps, etc. 
York, Me. [Ancient Gorgeanna] — Emery, i v 71 

One complete Bet Bos. Med. and Surg. Journal, 
weekly periodical, from 1828 to 1875. ( .'I vols. 
/// Sh( < Is. In good condition and warranted 










Vols. XIV. to \\. New Fug. Hist, and Gen. Reg. 

Also, Oct. No. 1862, of same. 

Vols. l. and II. (or either vol.) of Savage's Genea- 
logical Dictionary. 
Histories Of Scituate and Concord. Mass. 
Memorial of the Morses, Aimer Morse. 
Farmer's Genealogical Register. 

Chelmsford, Mass., Newspapers and publications* 

Lowell, Mass., Newspapers and Magazines. 

Americana," Bent, post-paid, to any address. 
[See last page of Cover.~\ 


JL of the kite Hon. William Green, LL.IX, will be sold by the subscriber at 

Richmond, Va., by Auction, commencing January 18, 1881, at 4 o'clock, P.M. 

The collection comprises nearly 

10,000 VOLUMES, 




And is more valuable, probably, than any that lias ever before been offered within the limits 

of the Southern States. 


Ranging from the English Imprints of 149!) to the latest publications, and including the 

various Text-Books and English and American Reports; the last. Federal and Si 

has not, it is thought, been equalled in any private collection, 

laa Early Imprint* there nre innnr curiou* cxnmplen of Typography nn d Binding. 


Is more varied than exists elsewhere, and includes 


An important feature is the critical explanatory MANUSCRIPT NOTES AM) REFER- 
ENCES, by which the value of a large majority of the volumes in this truly remarkable col- 
lection has been greatly enhanced by their late eminently learned possessor, which singular 
merit as well as the character of the library is satisfactorily demonstrated by the following 
authoritative testimonials : 

From the Hon. R. C. L. Mopci as, President of the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia: 

"The Law Library of the late 1 William Green, Esq., of Richmond, Va., is of immense 
value. He was a lawyer of the greatest Learning and highest qualifications, and made very 
many notes in many, if not most of his books, and thus greatly increased their value." 

The eminent juris -consult,. Con wav Robinson, Esq., in a recent letter refers t<» his recorded 
estimate of Mr, Green as " that gentleman of wonderfully great learning * * ♦ to whom 
Mr. John William Wallace has suitably inscribed his volume, entitled the ' Reporters,' and 
whose ■ great and various contributions to all parts of it' are cordially acknowledged therein." 
VII. Robinson's Practice, p. 107-5. 

"In 1874 I wrote of him and Nathaniel P. Howard as 'jurists in fact as well as in name, 
with a combination of legal and literary attainments rarely to be met with. Each had such 
a knowledge of the classics and such attainments in genera] literature as would have been 
appreciated in England in one of the great universities.'" — Ibid, p. 1099. 

Mr. Robinson adds: "Mr. Green has been for more than half a century accumulating a 
large collection of books of great value in themselves, and that value is largely increased by 
his manuscript notes. Since his removal to Richmond, some twenty years or more a:, r <>, I 
have in his office frequently noticed the manner in which, and the extent to which, his man- 
uscript tilled space which had been blank at the sides, tops, and bottoms of pages. With what 
has been so done by him, the little that has been done by me would not deserve to be com- 
pared. Within the range of my acquaintance there has, I suppose, been no citizen of 
Virginia owning at his death so large and valuable a library." 

From the Hon. Joux William Walha.CE, President of the Pennsylvania Historical Society. 

and late Reporter of the Supreme Court of the United States. 

" My acquaintance with the late William Green was not much less than forty years' stand- 
ing. * * * His knowledge of law-books, both reports and text- books, exceeded that of 
any man — indeed I may say exceeded that of all the men put together — whom I have ever 
known, either English or American. It was fairly to be called wonderful. And it extended 
alike to what was in books and to what related to them. For the learning of the old law 
he had a passion. He understood it all, and therefore, I suppose, enjoyed it as he did. He 
seemed to be acquainted with nearly every case in the old reports and with the principles 
of them also. He handled them, body and spirit, with the utmost ease, and I doubt not 
with correctness of appreciation. His manuscript annotations in these old books, I should 
think, would be of value to anyone searching into the foundations of the law. He never 
seemed to care how much he paid for a book ; and his library, I know, had volumes in it which 
I never heard of as being in any library, public or private, elsewhere." 

Copies of the catalogue will be furnished on application. It was prepared under the su- 
pervision of Mr. R. A. Brock, the corresponding secretary of the Virginia Historical Society, 
whom those desiring information as to the condition of special features of volumes may 

Orders to purchase will be filled by the auctioneer or by either of the several local book- 


Auctioneer of Literary and Personal Property, etc., 

916 Main Street, Richmond, Va % 


R A ME A M E RICAN 1! O O K S', 

48 Central Street, Lowell, Ma 



MOKISON or Mm rison Family, Traditions oi the Morrisons, History of the Morison Settlers of 
Londonderry , N. H.. with Genealogical Sketches. Also of the Brentwood, Nottingham, 
and Sanborviton Morri.-ons, etc. By Leonard A. Morrison. 8vo. pp. 468 (30 pp. Indexes). 
10 fine Portraits. Map and View*. Boston, 1880. Edition limited, nearly all of which were 
sold ribers. I have a few copies, doth, uncut (all that were Baved in this condition), 

winch I iffer at same mice as cut copies. One of the best Genealogies published . $3.00 

Boodey Family in New England, Annals of; together with the Life of John Eliot, the Apostle to 
the Indians, and an account, of the Elliotts in England. By K. 15 Caverly. lxmo. cloth, pp. 2U7. 
Flat'-. Lowell, Mass., 1880. Edition 200 copies, and nearly exhausted . . 2.50 

Fletcher Family. Genealogical and Historical sketches of; descendants of Robert Fletcher, 

uncord", Mass., 1030. 8vo pp. 10, uncut. Lowell, 1878. Reduced from 50c. to . 35 

ly Famiiy Genealogy of, from A.I). 1116 to 1880. By Dr. A. M. Caverly and R. B. ( 
erly. 8vo. cloth, pp. 106. Portrait. Reduced from $3 to .... 2.50 

England Historical and Genealogical Register, 1847 to 1880 inclusive. A fine and complete 
gel of 34 volumes. Cloth, society binding. Reduced from $150 to .... 135.00 

Another .fine and complete set in numbers as issued, 34 vols. Reduced from $140 to . . 125.00 

Historical Magazine and Notes and Queries concerning the Antiquities, History and Biography 
u\' America. Edited by John Ward Dean. Henry B. Dawson and others. 23 vols., complete 
set, in numbers. is">7 7">. Rare. An elegant set of this rare publication . GO.OO 

Billerica, Mass. Historical .Memoir of, from its First Settlement to 1810. By John Farmer. 
8vo. pp. 36, uncut. Amherst, N. H. : 1816. A perfect facsimile reprint, on old paper, of the 
rare original, which sells for $12 00 Reduced from $l' to ...... .75 

Charlestown, Mass. Historical Sketch of. By Josiah Bartlett. 8vo. pp 24, uncut. Boston, J814. 

An exact /oc simile on old paper of the original rare pamphlet. Reduced from $1 to .75 

'Dunstable, Mass. Historical Sketches of. Bicentennial Oration. By George B. Loring. Svo. 

pp.19. Lowell, 1873. K.duced from 50c. to ....... .35 



American Genealogist— W. H. Whitmore, 1S75 2.50 
Genealogies, Index to — Durrie, 1M38 2.00 
Belcbcrtown, Mass.— Doolittle, pp. 285. 1852 2.00 
Bisbee Family — W. B. Lapham. pp. 4*-. 1876 1.00 
Braiuerd Family— Field, pp. 303; el. Ports. 1857 3.00 
Brigham, Hapgood, Willis ct al&\ Families 3.50 

Burbank and Burbanck Families, pp. 26. 1880 .75 
Burke and AlVord Families— Boutelle, pp. 240 
Chapin Family Gathering,, pp. 97. 1862 
Clapp Family— Ebenezer * lapp, cloth, pp. 520 
Colchester, Conn. Records— Janitor, pp.156, cl. 1.25 
Copp's Hill [Boston] Epitaphs— Bridgman. 18513.50 
Corwin, Curwin, Curwen Families, pp. 284, 1872 1.50 
Crosby Family— N. Crosby. Portiaits. 1877 1.50 
Dawson Family — C. C. Dawson. Ports., pp. 572 5 no 
Drake Family— S. G. Drake, pp. 51. Rare 3.50 

Eddy Family— J. W. Porter, pp. 7^. 1877 -1.00 

Eddy Famih Tree— C. Eddy, (pub. at3.0»). 1880 1.50 
Edsons of Bridgewater, pp. 62. 1864. Rare 2. no 
Eliot Family— Eliot and Porter, p. 184, hlf mor. :J.OO 
Eliot, John, the Apostle, and Eliots in England 

—Caverly. 12mo. cloth, 1880, new 1.25 

Farrington Fam., Mass. and .Maine, pp. 24. 1880 .75 
teuton Family— W. L. Weaver, pp. 34. 1867, 1.00 
Hadlev. etc. (.Mass.) Families— E. M. Boltwood 2.60 
Harris", Win. Thaddeus, Sketch of— Drake 
llarrixni, Mi'., Early Settlers of. pp. 138. 1877 
Hatch Family— Fletcher, pp. 30, cloth. 1879 
Hazeh Family— 11. A. Ila/.en, pp. 7. uncut 
Hazen Genealogy and .Journal of Richard 

Hazzen, 1741— H. A. Hazen, pp. 18. uncut 
Heraldry, Guide to— Montagu, pp. 75. cl. 1840 
Hinman's Early Puritans of Conn, pp.884 

Same, NO. 4, rcprii/t, rare 

No. 6 [Hinnaan Genealogy] 
Howe Family Gathering. 1671, pp. 46. Scarce 
Hovt Family*— U. W. Hoyt, pp. 144, cl. Plates. 
Hull Family— O. Hull, pp. 36. 1863, /.'"/•- 
Hunt Family — Wy man, pp. 430, cloth. 18 
Huntington Family — E. B. Huntington, pp. 428 
Lapham Family— Dr. W. l'>. Lapham, pp. :;i 
Lawrence Family— John Lawrence, 3rd and 4th 

eds. 2 vol-, pp. 406. 1869-76. Rare 
Lawrence Family— John Lawrence, pp.71. 1876 
Leonard Family — W. R. Deane, pp. 24. 1853 
Locke Family— J. G. Looke, pp. 106. Pts. - 
Morris Famih. pp. 103, cl. Plate. 1853. Scarce 2.00 
Mudgc Family— A. Mudge, pp.443 1868 3.60 

Munroe Family— J. G. Locke, pp. i">. Port. 18 
Pedigrees. Chauncey and Cotton Families, eaoh 50 
Pedigrees. Dudley, Eliot, Lawrence, Lererett, 
Sumner, Walter, Bradstreet, Pow- 
ers. Boyd, Chamberlain Fam's, each .35 
Perklni Famih G. A. Perkins, pp 16. I 

Continued on last 





Porter Famih— .7. W. Porter, pp. 344, cloth $3.00 
l{awson Family [V E. II. Gen. Keg.], pp.40. .75 
Keed Family— J. W. Heed, p. 596, $0. Pts. 1861 4.00 
Bice Family— A. H. Ward. Cloth, pp. 379. Rare 5.00 
Bicker Family— Wm. B Lapham, pp. 20. 1877 1.00 
Rockwood Family, pp. 151, cloth. Boston. 1850 .75 
Savage's Genealogical Diet. Vols. III. and IV. 12.00 
a-ne. Vol. I. Unused 10.00 

Same. Notes and Errata to— Dal 1, pp. 8 .75 

Shrewsbury [Mass.] Families— Ward, pp. 200 3-50 
Spalding Family. Port's, etc. pp. 630. 1872 0.00 
Sprague Family, Hingham, pp. 68 1828 Rart 
Steele Famih — Durrie, op. 145, cloth. 1859 2.50 

Stoddard Family— D. W. Patterson, pp. 96. 18732.50 
Taintor Family— p. M. Taintor. 1847 1.25 

Thayer Family, etc., Memorial, pp. 280. 1835' 5.00 
Tilley Family. 8V0., cloth, pp. 80 1.25 

Turner Family —J. Turner, pp. 04. 1852. Hare 2.00 
Tyngsboro\ Mass., Genealogies, "etc. 1876 Rare .75- 
Walker Family, pp. 4.31, do. Portraits. 1861 4.00 
Ward, A. II. Memoir with Genealogy. :- .50 

Watson Family — Watson, pp. 47. Pt. Scarce. 2.50 
Windham (Ancient), Conn.. Fam's— Weaver 
Woodbridge tamily— M. K. lalcott. 1.00 

Local History, Et\ . 
Amer. Antiq. Soc. Proceedings, 70 Vols. 
Amer. Antiq. Soc. Collections, 7 vols. 1820-75 
American Quarterly Register. 16 vols. Ports. 

Same. 15 vols. Wants Portraits 
Andover, Mass.— Abbot, pp. 204, bds. 
Andover, Mass. — Bailey, p. 650, clo. 1880. 20 111 
Arlington, Mass., History and Genealogies of 
Baptists in America, pp. 476, cloth-. 1836 
Belfast, Me., History of. pp. 956, cloth. 
Boston, Hist. Ol 2d Church, clo.. pp. 320. Ptl 

Sketches of— Homans. Plates 
Boston and Vicinity— Bow en. bds. uncut. 1829 2 
Boston, Mnnic'l Hist. of. 8 VO. clo., pp. 444 
Boston, (East)— Sumner, pp. 801. Portrafti 
Boston, (Sdhth) Hist. of. cloth, pp. :«1. If 
Boston Notion^ — Dearborn. Plates. 1M-* /, 
Bradford, Vt., 11 i-t . of— McKeen, Svo. pp. 464 3 
Parley's V. s. Gazetteer. pp. 892, cloth, i- 
Canadian Handbook [Historic]. Plates, pp 
Canada, History of— Withrow, pp. 616. 1870 3 
candia, v 11.— F. B. Eaton, pp. . 1 

( !arlisle, Mass., His:, l 1 1- — t Parish 
Charlestown, Gen. and Estates of— -Wyman 
charl< Mass. — Froth in ghao Bore 6 

* helmsford, Mass— Wilkes Allen. 1820. Bare 10. 
Cincinnati Directory. 1810; pp. 156. bds. uncut 2. 
Cincinnati in 1841. Cist, pp. 800, CIO. 1. 

" 1861. Clit, pp. 866, clo. 1 
" I860. Cist, pp. 367. Pts. J 

page t 



















Historical and Genealogical 



VOL. XXXV.-APRIL, 1881. 





564 Washington St. 




John WARS Dun, A.M. (Editor), Ji.kemiau CoLBUKN, A.M. 
Lucius R.. Paige, D.D., William B.Tbaml, 

Edmcnd F. Slai i ik, AM., lli.Nuv II. Edes, 

111 Ni;v V. BBS, A.B. 
















1. Portrait of JONATHAN BROWN BRIGHT, Esq. (to face page 117). 

2. Facsimile of Signatures to the Roxbury Petition, page 123. 

Sketch of the Life of Jonathan Brown Bkight. Bv the Rev. Thomas Hill, 

D.D., LL.D. 117 

Censures on Harvard College, 1672. Com. by William B. Trash, Esq. . 121 
Taxes lxdek Gov. Andros. (Continued.) Estates of Rochester (Kingston, 

R. I.). Com. by Walter Lloyd Jeffries, A.B 124 

Declaration in behalf of John Chifman, 1651-2 127 

Annual Address before the New England Historic, Genealogical Soci- 
ety. By the President, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D 129 

Virginia Documents. Com. by Col. John L. Peyton 145 

Zardiel and John Boylston. By Charles W. Parsons, M.D. • . . . IcO 

Witchcraft in Springfield, Mass. Com. by Stanley Waters, A.M. . . 152 
Correspondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold. Com. by the Hon. Isaac X. Arnold 153 

Who was the First Minister of Men don ? By the Rev. George F. Clark . 157 

Longmeadow Families. (Continued.) Com. by Willard S. Allen, A.M. . 159 

Documents concerning Philip English. Com. by Stanley Waters, A.M. . 163 

Bowdoin Papers. Cum,, by Stanley Waters, AM 164 

William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. By Prof. Edicard E. Salis- 
bury, LL.D 167 

Notes and Queries : 

Notes. — Deposition of Henry Mare, 166; College Chronicle; Barrett, 181; 
Harvard Observatory: Towns in King's Province; Menotomy, 182. 

Queries. — Genealogical Queries, 182; John Robinson; Woodbridge ; Gen. 
John Patterson ; Temple ; Waterman ; John Blake, 183 ; Hill ; Gorham, 184. 

Historical Intelligence. — New Hampshire Bi-Centennial, 184. 

Announcements. — Genealogies in Preparation, 184 .... 166, 181-185 

Societies and their Proceedings : 
New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 185 ; New Brunswick Historical 
Society, 186; Maine Historical Society; Old Colony Historical Society , 187; 
Weymouth Historical Society ; Rhode Island Historical Society ; New York 
Genealogical and Biographical Society; New Jersey Historical Society, 188; 

Kansas Historical Society, 189 



Necrology' of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society: 
Henry White, A.M., 189; Hon. William H. Tuthill, William B. Spooner, Esq., 
190; John T. Clark, Esq., Nathan B. Gibbs, Esq., 191; Rev. Frederick A. 
Whitnev ; Hon. Peleg Sprague, LL.D., 192 ; Thomas C. Smith, Esq., 193; Ed- 
mund B. O'Callaghan, M.D., LLD.; Prof. William C. Fowler, LL.D., 194 ; 
Rev. John Waddington, D.D.; Dana B. Putnam, M.D., 195; Rev. Silas Ketch- 
urn, 196; Col. James H. Jones; John S. Jenness, A.M., 197; Elias H. Derbv, 
A.M., 193 

XVIII. Book Notices 
XIX. List of Recent Publications 
XX. Deaths .... 





Biographic Memorials of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society. — The 
first volume of this work, containing the biographies ol' forty-three members, or all who 
died during ; the first eight years of the Society's existence, namely, from 1845 to 185*2, in- 
clusive, has been published. It makes an octavo of 533 pages, printed on superior paper 
and handsomely bound. Price §2.25, or $2.50 by mail. Address John Ward Dean, 18 
Somerset St., Boston, Mass. 

(The $cw-?5m)land iitetorical and (OcneaUniual liciitetcr. 

Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records of ths 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and political life of the people of the United States, and particu- 
larly of New England, Is published quarterly by the New England Historic. Genealogical Society, 
Boston, on the first day of January, April, July and October, at B8 a year in advance, or 7fi cts, 
k number. Bach Dumber contains not less than 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on Bteel. Address, 
John Wash Di in, Editor, 18 Somer§et Street t Boston^ M 

[L7* Entered at the Post-Offlco at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 






. APEIL, 1881. 



By the Rev. Thomas Hill, D.D., LL.D., of Portland, Me. 

ONATHAN BROWN BRIGHT was born in Waltham, Mas- 
sachusetts, April 23, 1800, and died there, Dec. 17, 1879. 

Mr. B right's volume, " The Brights of Suffolk, England," print- 
ed for private distribution in 1858, but accessible to genealogical 
inquirers, closes with Henry Bright, Jr., who came to New Eng- 
land in 1630, and settled in Watcrtown, Mass. Henry Bright, 
Jr., married Anne Goldstone, who came from Suffolk, England, 
in 1634. Through her he inherited the homestead of her parents, 
in Watertown, east of and adjoining the estate of the late John P. 
Cushing, and opposite that of the late Alvan Adams. Here Henry 
Bright, Jr., lived and died. 

His son, the first Nathaniel Bright, of Watertown, married Mary 
Coolidge, of the same town ; and their son, the second Nathaniel 
Bright, married Ann Bowman, all of Watertown. The homestead 
of the second Nathaniel Bright was about three-fourths of a mile 
west of the Goldstone place, and still remains in the hands of his 
descendants. The old house upon it, taken down in 1877, was said 
to have been built before 1700. 

The third Nathaniel Bright, son of the second, married Sybil 
Stone, of Sudbury, Mass., a descendant of Gregory Stone. Their 
son John Bright, of Waltham, married Elizabeth Brown, of Wa- 
tertown, daughter of Capt. Jonathan Brown. This John Bright 
settled, in 1776, in Waltham, where he lived until his death, in his 
87th year, in 1840. His ten children, of whom Jonathan Brown 
Bright was the youngest, were born in the house which stood nearly 
where that stands in which the latter died, on the main highway 
into Waltham, on the eastern bank of Beaver Brook, the estate 
being divided by Grove Street. 

Elizabeth Brown, the mother of Jonathan B. Bright, was a 
daughter of Jonathan Brown, of Watertown (captain in the army 
vol. xxxv. 11 

118 Jonathan Brown Bright, [April, 

at Lake George, 1758) and Esther Mason, of Watertown, a de- 
scendant of Hugh .Mason. Capt. Jonathan Brown was a son of 
Jonathan Brown, of Watertown, and Elizabeth Simonds, of Lex- 
ington. This Jonathan was son of Capt. Abraham Brown, of Wa- 
tertown, and Mary Hyde, of Newton. Capt. Abraham Brown 
dropped the final e, which his father Jonathan Browne and grand- 
father Abraham Browne had carried. Abraham Browne had mar- 
ried Lydia , in England, and settled in Watertown, Mass. ; and 

his son Jonathan married Mary Shattuck of that town. 

The old Brown estate, an original grant to the first Abraham, 
now reduced in size, is still owned by descendants of the name. 
The main body of the house was built by Capt. Abraham Brown, 
but a part is still more ancient. It stands on the road from Water- 
town village to Waltham, a little to the east of the estate once 
owned by Gov. Gore, afterward by Theodore Lyman. 

The items given above may be recapitulated in the following ta- 
ble, giving the pedigree of Jonathan B. Bright, on both the father's 
and the mother's side. 

Henry Bright, Jr. = Anne Goldstone. Abraham Browne = Lydia . 

Nathaniel Bright = Mary Coolidge. Jonathan Browne — Mary Shattuck. 

Nathaniel Bright = Ann Bowman. Capt. Abraham Brown = Mary Hyde. 

Nathaniel Bright = Sybil Stone. Jonathan Brown — Elizabeth Simonds. 

John Bright = Elizabeth Brown. Capt. Jonathan Brown = Esther Mason. 

Elizabeth Brown = John Bright. 

John Bright, the father of Jonathan Brown Bright, was a far- 
mer and a tanner. Only two of the descendants of Henry Bright, 
Jr., are known to have received a college education ; Henry, Har- 
vard 1770, and Nathaniel Francis, Harvard 1866. But they have 
been and are, almost without exception, men of good sense, with a 
taste for reading, and of practical sound judgment. Mr. John 
Bright's large family made industry an essential virtue among his 
children ; and his strictly religious character made him a strict disci- 
plinarian to enforce it. At the age of four Jonathan B. was sent 
to the district school ; and during the next ten years was taught to 
read, to write and to cypher, working at home during the long vaca- 
tions. At fourteen he was sent for one quarter to Wcstford Acade- 
my ; after which he took lessons for a short time of the Rev. Sam- 
uel Ripley, so long pastor of the first parish, Waltham ; but. having 
no desire for a collegiate education, he resumed labor on the farm 
and in the tan-yard. 

In 1816 he attended, one term only, Framingham Academy. 
The next year, having no more taste for tanning or farming than 
for study, he went, witli an older brother, to Now Orleans by sea, 
thence up the river to St. Louis, and became his brother's clerk ii 
a store. Here he remained until of age, with the exception of one 
season in a branch store at Franklin, on the Missouri. As >oon as 
he was of age he began a retail business for himself in St. Stc- 

1881.] Jonathan Brown Bright. 119 

phens, Alabama ; but the next year moved to Selma. During the fol- 
lowing year, 1823, of the seven men of northern birth in that town, 
four died of fever ; and the other three, including Mr. Bright, suffered 
severely with the same disease. This decided him to quit the South. 
In 1824, finding no vessel at Mobile for Boston, he went to New 
York and sought employment. Making an engagement with Black- 
stock, Merle & Co., cotton brokers, he paid first a brief visit, after 
seven years' absence, to his home ; then returning, spent twenty-five 
years in New York, first as clerk, afterwards as partner ; the firm 
changing to Merle & Bright, and then to Merle, Bright & Co. 

In 1849 he returned to the homestead on Beaver Brook, then 
occupied by his maiden sister Mary ; with whom also an unmarried 
brother John resided. Mr. Bright built here a larger house a few 
feet east of the old one; and he and his only child, with the brother 
and sister, constituted the family. Thirty-two years absence had 
not diminished his attachment to the old place and to the compan- 
ions of his childhood. They passed away before him, but the thirty 
years of quiet enjoyment which followed his retirement to the place 
of his birth, were made much happier by the prolongation of the 
sister's life nearlv to the close of his own. 

In 1827 Mr. Bright married Miss Mary Iluguenin Garbrance ; 
but his happiness with her was interrupted by her early death in 
1830. Her only child, a daughter, came with her father to Walt- 
ham in 1849, and in 1861 married her cousin William Ellery Bright. 
They with their three children still occupy the estate. 

The thirty years, from 1849 to 1879, in which Mr. Bright lived 
free from active business cares, were by no means years of idleness. 
With the exception of a journey in 1859 to Nassau, Havana, New 
Orleans and St. Louis ; and a shorter one in 1860 to Buffalo and 
Quebec ; the occupation of all those years was found in his native 
town, doing private kindnesses and fostering public improvements. 
I remember that one of the earliest impressions I received of him 
was from the chairman of the board of assessors, who told me that 
he had just had a peculiar experience; Mr. Bright had come in, 
after the town had been assessed, and said, "You have not made 
my tax large enough ; add so many thousand dollars to my personal 
property." It revealed the character of the man ; it was both his 
integrity and his public spirit that made him thus, voluntarily assume 
a larger proportion of the public expenses. 

In 1856 he was put on a town committee to select ground for a 
new cemetery ; dre\V up the report which was accepted, and named 
all the avenues in the new grounds, Mt. Feake, after ancient Walt- 
ham families ; a token of the strong interest which he then took in 
the matter of genealogy. 

He furnished a good deal of valuable local history and antiqua- 
rian lore to the Waltham Sentinel and the Waltham Free Press, 
during the years 1856-1863. He was an active promoter and lead- 

120 Jonathan Brown Bright* [April, 

er of the Union League of the town during the civil war; and be- 
fore thai in the organization of a Farmer's Club, which is still in 
active operation. 1 >ut the wire-pulling accessary to success in car- 
rying on matters dependent on popular votes was bo distasteful to a 
man of his pure, simple and manly integrity, that, after L858, lie 
resolutely declined to serve on any committee in town affaii 

In L848, just before retiring from business in New York, Mr. 
Bright accidentally heard that Dr. Henry Bond, of Philadelphia, 
had a genealogy of the Bright family. Mr. Bright had a great in- 
terest in that matter, although up to that time he had had DO leisure 
to examine it. He immediately wrote to Dr. Bond, and the corre- 
spondence was kept up until the latter gentleman's death. Dr. 
Bond proved to have descended, in one line, from Henry Bright, 
Jr., and was also remotely connected with Mr. J. B. Bright by 
the marriage of his grandfather to Mr. 1 night's aunt. Dr. Bond 
visited Mr. Bright at Waltham and spent some weeks there, while 
both were much en^ao'ed in collecting genealogical material. Mr. 
Bright afterward employed Mr. II. G. Somerby to make researches 
in England; and in 1858 printed his valuable records of 'The 
Brights of Suffolk, Eng." 

Since that volume was printed Mr. Bright has collected material 
which would fill three more volumes of the same size, relating to 
the family on this side the Atlantic, and to other families of the 
same name.* 

The descendants of Henry Bright, Jr., have been mostly farmers 
and mechanics, occasionally shopkeepers, none holding other than 
town or parish offices ; but none dishonoring the name. The num- 
ber bearing the name is small, not exceeding, to the year 1850, one 
hundred and fifty ; but the descendants in the female line have been 
more numerous. 

By a will dated December 15, 1860, Mr. Bright bequeathed to 
Harvard College fifty thousand dollars, the income of which should 
be equally divided between the purchase of books for the college 
library and the support of scholarships to which Brights, lineally 
and legitimately descended from Henry Bright, Jr., shall have pri- 
ority of claim. "I have selected Harvard College," he says, "the 
most ancient and venerated scat of learning in my native state, to 
be the custodian of this legacy, as an expression of my appreciation 
of its liberal yet conservative character; trusting that its govern- 
ment will always respect the sincere convictions of the recipients of 
tin- income thereof." His daughter was made sole executrix, and 
by a codicil her husband was added as co-executor. They have paid 

* Mr. Bright was admitted a resident member of tlio New England Historic, Genealogi- 
cal Society, Dec 11, 1850, and made himself a life member March 20, 1863. He interested 
himself much in the society, and was ;i frequent donor to it> library. In 1S70 he gave live 
hundred dollars t<- the Building Fund, for purchasing and titling tor the uses of the soci- 
ety the building which it now occupies. — Editor. 

1881.] Censures on Harvard College, 1672. 121 

over the full legacy a year in advance of the time allowed by law ; 
so that the college enters at once upon the enjoyment of the income. 

Mr. Bright's phrase " liberal yet conservative character," which 
he applies to the college, might well be employed in describing him- 
self. With an energy of character which in less than thirty years 
lifted him from the humblest commercial beginning to a competence 
that could afford such a legacy, he combined a genuine shrinking 
modesty which obscured his worth from careless eyes. His energy 
led him to join in aiding liberalizing movements ; his modesty held 
him in reserve and allowed his cool sound judgment to keep him in a 
more conservative position. His independence was maintained by this 
happy self-restraint, which would allow him to run into neither ex- 
treme of standing by old errors nor of rushing into new ones. Early 
in life he adopted views of the christian religion in substantial agree- 
ment with those of Dr. Channing, and he never saw reason to modify 
them in any essential degree. His warmest virtues were kept, as it 
were, cool and in the back ground by this wise and modest caution. 
He gave time, labor and money to many good causes, public and 
private; and he gave with a kindly,, cheerful spirit; yet so unos- 
tentatiously and so wisely that men's attention was more taken up 
with the results of the action than with the action itself. In private, 
personal kindnesses he exercised a great delicacy ; so that, in some 
cases, the recipient of a needed help received regular periodical dona- 
tions of a fixed sum, and endeavored for some time in vain to know 
from whom, or through what channel, they came ; in other cases the 
recipient thought of the gifts as tokens of friendship rather than as 
any pecuniary aid. 

On Sunday he rose from his chair to remove the blower from the 
grate, and from some unexplained cause fell, and fractured his right 
hip. The shock proved too great for his physical strength, and on 
Wednesday he passed quietly to his rest ; sustained in his last 
days, as during his whole life, by an unfaltering cheerful trust in the 
blessed promises of the Gospel. 


Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

THE signers of the following document appear to be all residents 
of Roxbury. There is an uncertainty as to the hand writing. 
Possibly the document may have been drawn up elsewhere and copies 
sent to this and other towns in the colony, so that there may be 
others extant. The name erased at the top of the left-hand column 
is probably that of Thomas Weld, then an inhabitant of Roxbury, 
who was a son of the Rev. Thomas Weld. 
vol. xxxv. 11* 

L22 Censures on Harvard College, 1G72. [April, 

The humble Petition of some of the people that lvve under the Jurisdic- 
tion of tlu: massachusets government, unto our honored Jlagistrats this 5 tu 
day of march ir>72 


That Whareas it hath pleased our ever honored Magistrats to send 
their letters to the Churches,* to move us to a liberal contribution towards 
the Colledg. and in one of those leters declared that if any of the good 
people have any obiecsion you give us leave to propose it, and also are 
pleased to promise us, to adde your indeavor to remove the same. We take 
the boldnesse to propose an obiecsion not with any intent to shorten either 
our owne or others hands to so good and pins a work, as we trust we shaall 
make it appeare by our actions, but our only scope is, to indevor the remo- 
val of an ev'yl (as it appereth to us) in the educasion of youth at the Colledg. 
and that is, that they are brought up in such pride as doth no wayes become 
such as are brought up for the holy service of the lord, either in the Magis- 
tracy, or ministry especialy. and in perticular in their long haire, which last 
first tooke head, and broke out at the Colledg so far as we understand and 
remember, and now it is got into our pulpets, to the great greife and 
ffeare of mauy godly hearts in the Country 

we find in the scriptures that the sons of the prophets, and such as were 
dedicated to god, were brought up in a way of mortification and humility, 
we beseech you to consider amos. 2. 11. 12. I raised up of your sous 
to be prophets, and of your young men to be Nazarites, is it not even 
thus o ye children of Israel saith the lord, but ye have given the nazarites 
wine to drink. Consider also pro. 16. 31 the hoary head is a crowne of 
glory if it be found in the way of righteousnesse. and are those haires so 
found, that are defiled with this lust ? we beseech you consider, whether all 
other lusts which have so incorigibly brake in upon our youth, have not 
first sprung from the incorrigablenesse of this lust, our humble request is 
that you would please to use all due indeavours to cure this evyl. and so 
we commend you to the lord and to the word of his grace and remaine 
your Vmble petecinors att the thron of grac to assest and iu able you in all 
your Waighty consarns and remain your Worships humble 


Thomas fToster: Giles paison 

Abraham Neuell Seaner John Parpoint 

Isaac Neuell Samuell Rubles 

Jacob nuell Robbert williams 

Robert Pepper Samvell williams 

abraham how Edward Bridge 

Samuel mey edward paison 

John watson Ritchard coad 

Ralph hemeuway John Eliot 

John Bowles 
Danil bruer : 
Samuell gary 
Robert Scaner 
John poley 
Edward morrist 
[Endorsed] Mr. Eljots &c peticon abt. youth''. 

* Can any reader of the RiazSTBB semi us a copy of this letter (if the magistrates r— Ed. 

t A facsimile of these autographs will be found on the opposite page. 


Facsimiles of Roxbury Signatures. 



3 WJflJS.tft 

% 4t 


Taxes under Andros. 




No. X. 

[Continued from page 37.] 

Assi:^s^i i:\ts of y c Estates of y" Towne of RocnEST 1 * in y c Kings 

Province SEP r 6 th 1687. 

Cornell us Hightman 

John Sweete 

Stephen Northtrop Junio r 

Ste})licii Northtrop Senio r 

William Knowles 

Danie [torn] 

John Callerrell 

John Brigffs Senio r 

Robert llanah 

Eber Sherman 

Thomas So well 

Peleg Mum ford 

John Ki union 

Samuel Browne 

James Kinnion 

Henry Northtrop 

John Remington Junio r 

James Coggeshall 

Henry Tebbits Senio r 

John North 

Joseph 1 ii'ii olds 

Bryar Browne 

Ephraim Hull 

Rouse Ilclme 

Thomas Mumford 

Ben: Morey 

Thomas CI i ace 

Joseph Northtrop 

Thomas Hanens 

Arthur Aleworth 

Robert II. (torn) d 

Joh (torn) 

Edw (torn) Austin 

Samuel 1 1 <>| >ki ns 

John Cole .Innio r 

Thomas Brookes 

Aaron Ickcwayes 

Henry Knowles 

Henrj Bull 

* Kingston, R. I. Sec Notes and Queries in this number. 


money L 



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Taxes under Andros. 


Majo r Rich d Smith 
John Andrew 
William Palmer 
Samuel Tift 
Zerubabell Westcoate 
Henry Gardiner 
Daniel Downeing 
Benonia Gardiner 
Joseph Case 
Enoch Place Junio T 
John Snook 
Job Jennings 
Geo: Gardiner 
Nicholas Gardiner 
Petter Welles 
John Sheldon 
Moses Barber 
John Watson 
John Eldred 
Enoch Place Senio r 
Robert Spink Senio* 
Theoph Weale 
Thomas Ayres 
George Wliijjhteman 
Thomas Eldred 
Joseph Doliver 
John Gard 
W m Bently 
Widow Phenix 
W m Tanner 
Francis West Semo T 
Jacob Pinder 
Ben Sweete 
James Greene 
Jeremiah Browne 
James Renolds Junio T 
Ben Congdon 
Cap 1 Fomes 
Lef 1 . Updick 
M r Brinley 
Edward Greene 
Alex: Tenant 
Jeff: Champlin 
John Cole Senio r 
Samuel Albrow 
Samuel Eldred Junio r 
W m Gardiner 
Samuel Vernon 
James Renolds Senio r 
Francis Renolds 
Daniel Eldred 

Pole money 
s d 




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Taxes under Andros. 


Samuel Eldred Senio* 
Joseph Bray man 
George Hanena 
Daniel Maokeney 
Alexand 1 " King 
James Ray 1 
Samuel Wilson 
Jolm Carr 
James Hi^hams 
Nicholas Utter 
John Fomes Junio r 
Israel Newton 
Thomas Weathers 
Samuel Sheperd 
Jeremiah Fomes 
Samuel Fomes 
Henry Tybitts Junio r 
Francis Battes 
Daniel Whightman 
Jeremiah Wilky 
Robert Spink Junio r 
Shebna Spink 
John Spink 
John Brigs Junio 1 
James Brigs 
William Cole 
Joseph Place 
Samuel Sweete 
James Sweete Junio r 
John Nickols 
Henry Hill 
Thomas Marshall 
Ezekiell Bull 
Jeremiah Austin 
Stephen Hazard 
Ben Gardiner 
Arch i bail Id Morris 
Francis West Junio' 
Rich d West 
John Gard Junio* 
Sh (torn) Wilk (torn) 


Hen: Sweet (torn) 
Elisha Mich (torn) 
Francis Cole (torn) 
William Shr (torn) 
John Wilson 

Pole money 
s d 

Pole Money 

L s d 

£ 24 10 GJ 

£ 11.8.4 11 08 4 

~~W 18 10} 

1881.] Declaration in behalf of John Chipman. 127 


the mark of Com r 

Errors Excepted P Jeflfry I Champling 

Jo (torn) Cole James I Renolds the S 8 mark of 

Enoch Plas the mark of Samuel Albrovv 

William Gardiner Daniel Vernon, 


John Brigs ) The within Rate being perused 

John Eldridg >- Constables Corrected & perfected by us Comissi r 

John Watson ) ffor the sundry towns in y e County. 

John Rodman 
(Signed) Edward Smith 

Peleg Tripp 
James Greene 
Ebenezer Sloeum 
John Heath 

sign mark 
Jefery I Champlin 
Nathaniel JSiles. 


A BRIEF Declaration with humble Request (to whom These IV-^ents 
Shall Come) for further Inquiry & Advice in v° behalf of John Chip- 
man, now of Barnstable in the Goverment of New Plimouth in New 
England En America being y c only Son & Heir of M r Thomas Chipman 
Late Deceased at Brinspittlle about live miles from Dorchester in Dor- 
setshire in England concerning [some Certain]! Tenement or Tene- 
ments with a Mill & other Edifice thereunto belonsnni: Lying & being in 
Whitechurch of Marsh wood vale near BurfortJ Alias Breadport in Dor- 
setshire afores d hertofore worth 40 or 50 Pounds p' Annum which were 
y e Lands of y e s d Thomas Chipman being Entailed to him & his Heirs for 
Ever but hath for Sundry years [been] Detained from y e s d John Chipman 
the right & only Proper Heir Thereunto, By reason of Some kinde of Sale 
made of Inconsiderable value by the s d Thomas (In the time of his Single 
Estate not then minding marriage) unto his kinsman M r Christopher Derbe 
Living Sometime in Sturtle near Burfort afors d being as the said John hath 
been Informed but for 40 11 And to be maintained Like a man with Diet 
Apparel &c by the s d Christopher as Long as the s d Thomas Should Live 
whereat y e Lawyer w c made the Evidences being troubled at his Weakness 
in taking Such An Inconsiderable Price tendered him to Lend him money 

* This document was printed in the Register for January, 1S30 (iv. 23-4), from a copy- 
made by the Rev. Richard Manning Chipman, A.M., now of Hyde Park, Mass. Some 
notes upon it by him appear in the number for October, 18o0 (iv. 251-2). As Mr. Chipman 
did not have an opportunity to correct the proof, some important typographical errors are 
found in the document there printed. We have borrowed from the owner, William Churchill 
Chipman, Esq., of Sandwich, Mass., through the intervention of C. C. P. Waterman, Esq., 
of that town, the document copied by Mr. Chipman, doubtless a contemporary transcript 
of one sent to England, and it has been copied for us by D. P. Corey, E>q., of Maiden, 
Mass., who has been assisted in reading the proof by William B. Trask, Esq., of this city. 
The document is not in the handwriting of John Cliipman himself. 

t In the original the words above quoted in brackets are in the left hand margin. 

X Breadport stricken out. 

128 Declaration in behalf of John Chipman, [April, 

or to give to him y° s d Thomas Seven hundred Pounds for y* s d Lands But 
yet the matter [sailing ai Aiors d The Vote of the Country who had know- 
ledge of it was thai the s d Thomas had much wrong in it Especially After 
it pleased God to Change his Condition, and to give him Children, being 
turned offby the s' 1 Christopher only with a poor Cottage and Garden Spott 
instead of his fors d Maintainance to the great wrong of his Children Espe- 
cially of hia Son John Afors d to whom y e s' 1 Lands by right of Entailment 

did belong Insomuch that m r 'William Derbe who had the B d Lauds in his 
Possession then from his father Christopher Dcrbe told the s' 1 John hut if 
y e s' 1 Lands prospered witli him that he would then Consider the s d John to 

do for him in way of recompence for the same when lie should he of Capa- 
city in years to make use thereof The s d John further Declareth that one 
m r Derbe A Lawyer of Dorchester (he Supposes y e father of that m* Der- 
be now Living In Dorchester) being a friend to the mother of the 8 d John; 
Told her being Acquaind with y e Business and sorry for the Injury to her 
Heir, that if it pleased God he Liv'd to be of Age he would himself upon 
his own Charge make A Tryal for the recovery of it and in Ca>e he recov- 
erd it Shee Should give him 10 11 Else he would have nothing for his trou- 
ble and Charge. Furthermore John Derbe Late Deceased of Yarmouth 
in New Plimouth Goverment Afors d hath Acknowledged here to the s d 
John Chipman that his father Christopher had done him much wrong in the 
fors d Lands but y e s d John Chipman being but in a poor and mean outward 
Condition hath hitherto been Afraid to Stir in it as thinking he should 
never get it from y e rich and mighty but being now Stirred up by Some 
friends as Judging it his Duty to make more Effectual Inquiry after it for 
his own Comfort his wife and Children which God hath pleased to bestow 
on him if any thing may be done therin, & in what way it may be attained 
whether without his Coming Over which is mostly Desired if it may bee. 
Because of Exposing his wife & Children to Some Straits in his Absence from 
them, he hath Therfore Desired these as afors d Desiring also Some Searh may 
be made for further Light in y e Case into the Records the Conveyance of the 
Said Lands being made as he Judgeth about Threescore years Since as Also 
that Enquiry be made of his Sisters which he Supposeth lived about 
those parts & of whom Else it may be thought meet, and Advice Sent over 
as Afors' 1 , not Else at present But hoping that there be Some Left yet in 
England alike Spirited with him in 21) Job whom the Ear that heareth of 
may bless God for Delivering y c poor that Crieth and him that* hath no 
helper Being Eyes to the blind feet to the Lame A father to the Poor 
Searching out y e Cause which he knoweth not, &c 

John Chipman Desires his Love be 

Barnstable as Afores d this 8 th of 

lie Desires also Enquiry be made 
his Sisters what those parchn 
riteings Concerned in the Cust 
of his mother when he was there 

presented to his Sisters Ilanner and 

Feb. (51) Tamson and to hear particulary 

from them if Living and doth lur- 
of his Sisters what those parchment ther request that Enquiry be made 
writeings Concerned in the Custody- of m r Oliver Lawrence of Arpittle 

who was an Intimate friend of his 


[On the left hand margin is written as follows, viz.] The B d John Chip- 
man Supposeth his Age to be About thirty seven year.-: it being next may 

Twenty & one year Bince he Come out of England. 

[Endorsed in the same hand writing] — A Brieff Declaration In Behalf of 

Jn° Chipman of Barnstable. 

* and him that stricken out. 

1881.] President Wilder s Address. 129 


Delivered at the Annual Meeting of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 

Society, January 5, 1881. 

Gentlemen of the Society : 

Eighteen hundred and eighty is gone ! Time with unerring 
finger has engraved on the cycle of ages another year. But, thanks 
to Him with whom time has no beginning nor end, we still live to 
prosecute the noble work in which we are engaged. Thanks also to 
you, my fellow associates, for placing me again at the head of our 
Institution, and for your courtesy, counsel and co-operation, without 
which all my labors would have been in vain. 

The past year, if we except the usual turmoil in the East and the 
disquietude and distress in Ireland, has been remarkable for the 
peace and prosperity of the world. No great wars have drenched 
the earth with blood, and no great revolutions have shaken the 
thrones of monarchies. In our own land, the year has been the most 
memorable one in its history, for rapid advancement and general 
prosperity, placing it only third on the roll of commercial nations of 
the globe ; and the peaceful election of another President of the 
United States has been everywhere recognized as the precursor of 
still greater growth, wealth and power. 

Most heartily do I rejoice to meet again so many old friends with 
whom I have stood shoulder to shoulder for a long course of years 
in social intercourse and in efforts for the advancement of our 
Society, whose voices are always heard with pleasure, and whose 
presence always adds dignity and encouragement to our work. 

Many who were with us a year ago have passed the bridge of 
life, and wait for us on the other shore. While we mourn their loss, 
and may find consolation in those promises which are everlasting and 
imperishable, we should remember that our lives are transitory and 
short. All are subject to the Almighty behest that declares " dust 
thou art and unto dust shalt thou return," — we soon pass away like 
ripples on the surface of the water, or a shadow passing over the 
plain. Man rises as the flower in spring time, blooming with bright 
anticipations of ripening years — revelling in the summer-tide of 
favor and honor, when suddenly there comes "a frost, a killing 
frost," and he withers and sinks like the faded leaf to mother earth. 

During the past year, as will be seen by the Historiographer's re- 
port, forty-four members of the Society have died. Of most of 
them appropriate notice has been taken in the record of our pro- 
ceedings. This is a larger number than in any other year since the 
formation of our Society. Their average age is over seventy-one 
years, being about the same as for the last five years. 

VOL. XXXV. 12 

130 President Wilder s Address, [April, 

Among them I may mention : 

Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thacher, of the United States Navy, 
"in peace a high-toned, loyal and virtuous citizen; in war, a bold 
seaman, a brave and gallant officer, and a fearless defender of his 
country's Hag — honored in the service to whose highest rank lie had 
BO worthily risen." Of his donation to our Society — in whose 
prosperity he always manifested the highest concern — of the invalua- 
ble letters and documents of his grandfather, Gen. Henry Knox, a 
patriot general of our revolutionary army, I have spoken on an- 
other occasion. Their importance and value will be more fully 
treated of in the report of the Rev. Mr. Slafter, chairman of the 
committee for arranging and binding them, which will be submitted 
at this meeting. 

Joel Munsell, Esq., of Albany, manifested in many ways a deep 
interest in this Society. For three years he was the publisher of 
the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, and for more 
than twenty years was a frequent donor to our library. He performed 
noble service by the publication of his numerous works, which are 
of constantly increasing value to historical students. 

The Hon. Peleg Sprague, LL.D., honored and respected for his 
long public service, having held the office of United States Senator 
six years, and United States District Judge for twenty-five years — 
a gentleman universally respected for his genial disposition, integrity 
of character and judical decisions. He was one of the oldest 
members of our Society. 

The Hon. Richard Frothingham, LL.D., held a high rank among 
American historical writers. His "History of the Siege of Boston," 
"History of Charlestown," "Life of Gen. Joseph AVarren," "Rise of 
the Republic," and other works, are models of conscientious research 
and critical acumen. His memory will be held in grateful recollection 
to the latest day of our republic. 

The Rev. Edwin Hubbell Chapin, D.D., "one of the most power- 
ful and effective pulpit orators in America," during a long and use- 
ful life has been a public speaker before numerous literary associa- 
tions, and has exercised a great influence in promoting the cause of 
temperance and other movements of moral reform. He is the 
author of many religious and other works extensively circulated both 
at home and abroad, which have placed him in the front rank of 
public men. 

The Rev. Silas Kctchum, whose Xew Hampshire Biographical 
Dictionary, on which he was engaged for many years, has been un- 
fortunately left unfinished, was a writer of much talent, and of in- 
defatigable perseverance in collecting historical and biographical facts. 
His manuscripts relating to New Hampshire biography, consisting 
of about one thousand articles ready for the press, with materials for 
two thousand more, were bequeathed by him to this Society. AVe 
shall endeavor to have this work completed according to his plan, 
and published. 

1881.] President Wilder' s Address. 131 

Simeon Pratt Adams, Esq., a sterling and upright citizen, was a 
frequent visitor to the library, and often attended the meetings of the 
Society, in whose doings he was much interested. He was a life- 
long collector of antiquarian matters, and his collection of books, 
pamphlets, newspapers and documents illustrating New England local 
history, he bequeathed, with a legacy in money, to this Society. 

Colonel Leonard Thompson, of Woburn, the oldest member of 
our Society, died on the street, Dec. 28, 1880, aged 92 years. 
Of himself he states: "I was placed on the board of selectmen, 
assessors and overseers of the poor for several years, and had even 
a seat in the State Legislature. I have held office under the au- 
thority of our Commonwealth and also the United States, and have 
been commissioned by Governors Strong and Brooks as a captain, 
major and lieutenant-colonel in the Massachusetts militia." He also 
served the people of his town in many other important trusts. 

Among those who were with us at our last Annual Meeting, were 
the Kev. Samuel Cutler, the Historiographer of this Society, and the 
Hev. George Punchard. Mr. Cutler was Historiographer for five 
and a half years, and discharged the duties of his office with ability 
and great fidelity. He was an active co-worker, deeply interested in 
the progress of our work. He took a lively interest in all benevolent 
efforts, especially in the Christian faith, of which for thirty years he 
was a faithful minister, a conscientious laborer, a wise counsellor and 
true friend, whose abiding faith in the joys of a better world gave a 
charm and beauty to his life. When I saw him last, he gave me 
this parting benediction, — "If we meet not aijain in this world, I hope 
we shall walk the streets of the New Jerusalem together in the w r orld 

The Rev. Mr. Punchard was truly a christian man, in whose char- 
acter were combined cheerfulness, sympathy and love. He was active 
in all the benevolent objects of the age — in the pulpit, the school, 
and the editorial chair. The later years of his life were devoted to 
visiting the suffering and sick, and goin^ about doin^ ijood. Although 
suffering from severe trials himself, he was always cheerful and pa- 
tient, never for a moment wavering in his trust in God and a glorious 
immortality beyond the grave. He was a man of literary taste and 
extensive reading, and was connected with the Boston Traveller for 
many years. His writings were marked with great simplicity and 
force of diction. He was especially attached to the pure Saxon, 
remarking to me once, after the delivery of an address, "Never, my 
friend, use Latin while you can speak your mother tongue." 

Side by side these gentlemen sat on our last anniversary, promot- 
ing by their presence and words the objects of our Society, and we 
fondly hope they are now uniting their voices in the melodious songs 
of the blest. By their gentle deportment, christian character, sym- 
pathy, and earnest prayers for the welfare of their fellow men, they 
won the affections of all who knew them, and we cherish the fond 

132 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

hope that they have received rich rewards for well spent lives on 
earth. Their work is done, and well done! We mourn noblighted 
hopes. Their live- were rounded out in the full growth of godly 
men. Many others who have been distinguished in public life might 
be mentioned, but we have only space to name, the Hon. Jacob II. 
Loud, the Hon. Eliaa Basket Derby, Col. J. Hemphill Jon--. 
Col. John T. Heard, and the Hon. William B. Spooner. 

The average age of our deceased members gives a greater length 
of life than that allotted by the good book to man; thus affording, 
perhaps, some evidence, as has been suggested, that our association 
is a "life preserving institution." Be that as it may, we rejoice in 
the continuation of the lives of so many of our members, whose ages 
have exceeded this limit, and we hope that they may long continue 
to work with us, that their good deeds may live after them. 

While we thus speak, we know that ere long the sunset signal shall 
summon many of us to our rest ; but thanks to Him who liveth for- 
ever, the resurrection trump shall arouse us from our sleep, and we 
shall spring up on the new morning in those celestial fields, where 
there shall be no more blight, decay or death — 

•' Where the Father Avaits over the way, 
To prepare us a dwelling- place there." 

The annual reports of the various departments of our Society, 
which are to be submitted at this time, afford gratifying evidence of 
our progressive and prosperous condition, and of the increasing interest 
manifested by the public in the objects we are seeking to promote. 
These are, the collection and preservation of Historical, Biographical 
and Genealogical material, and the cultivation of an improved taste 
for historical studies. Our Library contains 16,000 volumes and 
50,000 pamphlets, and its collection of Local Histories, such as 
towns, cities, counties and parishes, is very large. In family his- 
tories, it is more extensive than any other in our country. Under 
the care and supervision of its committee, and the untiring labors of 
Mr. Dean, the Librarian, whose cheerful devotion to our work we 
desire gratefully to acknowledge, it is now generally considered one 
of the best depositories of historical information. 

In this connection, I am happy to state, that among the important 
labors of our members the past year, and which will be valuable 
acquisitions to our library, are those of the Boston Record Commis- 
sioners, Messrs. William II. Whitmore and William S. Apple ton. 
Since our last meeting, another volume, containing their fourth re- 
port and the earliest records of Dorchester, has been issued, and 
other volumes are now in press, under the able and praiseworthy 
superintendence of that committee. 

The first volume of the Suffolk County Record iA' Deeds, which 
w;is in a dilapidated condition, has lately been printed in a beautiful 

octavo yolume at the request of the leading members of the Suffolk 

1881.] President Wilder } s Address. 133 

bar, by the Board of Aldermen of the City of Boston, acting as 
county commissioners. The volume, besides its usefulness to the 
conveyancer as a record of the transfers of estates in early times, 
has a great value as a repository of historical facts illustrating the 
history of the metropolis of New England. The labor of copying 
this volume and superintending the press, was entrusted to another 
member of this Society, Mr. W-lliam B. Trask, whose skill in de- 
cyphering the obscure chirography of those times is acknowledged 
by all. He has made an accurate copy of the book, with all the 
abbreviations, so that the inquirer will have no occasion to consult 
the original. An ingenious and thorough index, in five divisions, 
has been prepared by still another member, Mr. John T. Hassam, 
Mr. Trask rendering material assistance. Mr. Hassam has spent 
gratuitously much time and labor in perfecting the volume. 

It is to be hoped that our city and county will continue the good 
work they have so well begun, and that the Commonwealth of Mas- 
sachusetts will follow their example. Our early archives in the 
Secretary of State's office are of priceless value ; and there is no 
good excuse for delaying longer to preserve them from the risk of 
destruction, and make them accessible to the people. If entrusted 
to competent and judicious hands, a volume could be printed every 
year till they are completed, without an unreasonable draft on the 
public treasury. 

It is with great pleasure that I am able to-day to state, as will also 
be seen by the Report of the committee to whom the Society are 
much indebted for gratuitous labors, that the first volume of bio- 
graphies of deceased members of this Society, printed at the charge 
of the Memorial Fund founded by our lamented associate, the late 
William B. Towne, will soon be ready for delivery, as it is already 
printed and in the binder's hands. The volume contains biographies 
of all the members of this Society, forty-three in number, who died 
before the year 1853, embracing some of the most prominent 
persons, in their day, in this country, and the memoirs are from the 
pens of competent writers, among whom will be found some of our 
most distinguished authors. 

The objects and intentions of this Society are so well known to 
you, as to require but little notice at this time, and the duty and 
importance of sustaining it would seem to need no argument from, 
me. I cannot, however, refrain from expressing the disappointment 
and surprise I feel, that no large bequests or donations have been . 
made to us during the past year. Let me therefore suggest again, 
the expediency of keeping this subject constantly before our members 
and friends. If, in the distribution of their wealth, a few noble ex- 
amples by donation or bequest were to be made, for the promotion 
of our objects, they would excite others to similar acts of benevolence, 
and would suggest what is eminently true, that our Society is wor- 
thy of the generous patronage of an enlightened community. So 
vol. xxxv. 12* 

134 President Wilder 's Address, [April, 

fully am I impressed with the importance of our work, and of its 
benign influences on the welfare of mankind, that, if I had the 
means, after providing for an extensive line of kith and kin, I would 
place in our treasury one hundred thousand dollars for the successful 
prosecution of our work, when I shall have ceased from labor in its 

In my address to the Society last year, I spoke of the importance 
of enlarged accommodations for our library. Every returning an- 
niversary renders our want in this direction still more pressing. 
Since our last meeting we have purchased two stables in the rear of 
the Society's House. The land on which those two structures stand, 
together with an unoccupied piece which already belonged to the 
Society, will enable us to enlarge our building to about twice its 
present capacity. The experience of the past teaches us that this 
enlargement should be made at once. The interest in family and 
local history, which we have done so much ourselves to create, was 
never increasing more rapidly than at the present moment. Inves- 
tigators crowd to our library as the source of a large part of the 
material which they wish to incorporate into their works. I regret 
to say that while our doors are open, and in the interest of history 
we extend to them a cordial welcome, we have not really the room 
to give them suitable and convenient accommodations. Having 
undertaken by the establishment of this Society thirty-five years 
ago to stimulate studies in these departments, we must not in its 
present stage put any hindrance in the way, or, in other words, fail 
to offer the most ample facilities for their successful prosecution. 
The space for the proper arrangement and display of our books and 
pamphlets is too narrow and contracted. In some departments 
the room is at present sufficient, and will be for some time to come, 
but in others, and in the most important ones, it is wholly inadequate, 
the volumes are crowded together in double or triple rows, render- 
ing it difficult to withdraw them from their hiding places, as well as 
perilous to the security of their bindings. For our pamphlets we 
need twice the room they now occupy. Our collection in this de- 
partment is exceedingly valuable, indispensable for the study of local 
and family history ; and we are gradually, as rapidly as a prudent 
expenditure of our means w r ill warrant, rendering them accessible 
for use. But they require ample space, that any one of them may 
be readily found, and withdrawn for examination without the disar- 
rangement and confusion of the rest. 

We need likewise another fire-proof room, as large, if not larger 
than the one which we happily now possess. All manuscripts and 
books that cannot be duplicated belong in this room. This material 
is accumulating every day. It is the class of historical literature 
which a great Society which is really alive, and means to be useful 
to the public, must largely possess. All writers of history expect 
to find this material in the archives of such societies. So many 

1881.] President Wilder s Address. 135 

manuscripts and rare books have been destroyed by fire, that all 
associations entrusted with them are morally bound to provide the 
means of protecting them against the ravages of this destructive 

I am sure, gentlemen of the Society, that you will all agree with 
me as to the importance, I may say necessity, of this enlargement of 
our building, after hearing the reasons which I have thus briefly 

To accomplish it will require the gift to the Society of a large 
sum of money, either by some member, or members of our associa- 
tion, or by some other person, who appreciates the vast work which 
we are doing for our family and local history. 

And now, gentlemen, as prosperity reigns throughout our land, I 
commend to your attention this opportunity of associating your names 
with a beneficent and noble work, and at the same time of conferring 
a lasting benefit upon the children by furnishing them with the means 
of a more ample knowledge of the Fathers of New England. 

The year that has just closed has been remarkable for the number 
of centenary celebrations which have taken place in New England. 
We rejoice in these observances, tending as they do to preserve and 
hand down to future generations those examples and principles to 
which we are indebted, and which must ever control the progress of 
civilization and the happiness of the human race. These celebrations 
create a lively interest in the present generation to learn all we can 
of the manners, customs and characters of our ancestors. W r e look 
with loving eyes on those features which speak from the marble, and 
linger with pleasure before the portraits of those left on the canvas, 
who have made us and our nation what we are. 

As the representative of our Society, I have attended during the 
3'ear the following public celebrations : 

The 250th Anniversary of the Settlement of Boston. 

The 250th Anniversary of the Settlement of Dorchester. 

The 250th Anniversary of the formation of the First Church in 

The observance of the 100th Anniversary of the establishment of our 
State Government at the Council Chamber. 

The 50th Anniversary of the American Academy of Arts and 

The General Session of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science. 

These celebrations have developed the history of the rise and 
progress of various institutions, the objects for which they were 
formed, and the events which they commemorate — connecting as 
they do the civilization and enterprise of olden with the present time. 
Among these are specially to be remembered the 250th anniversaries 
of the settlement of Boston, and Dorchester now within her domain, 

136 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

an event \vlii<h markfl a period that will ever be memorable in the 
history of our country. This fifth jubilee which commemorates the 

settlement <>t* our Puritan Fathers in this city, will constitute in 
American history another golden page, to perpetuate the influence 
of the past. Much as we revere and honor the landing of our 
Pilgrim Fathers at Plymouth, we regard the crossing of Charles 
River by the Puritans in L630 ae one of the most memorable events 
in the history of New England, which in connection with the Pil- 
grims' examples, principles and institutions, will confer benefactions 
on the world, as long as gratitude has a place in the heart of man. 

When we look back on what Boston was when purchased of the 
Rev. William Blaxton for thirty pounds, "King's money,"' and 
compare it with her present exalted position, we are astonished at 
her progress and prosperity. When we reflect on little Boston, 
which history informs us was "too small to contain many people — a 
little peninsula, boggy, stony, and sapped by the sea," whose neck 
was bathed in summer by the waves of the ocean, whose harbor in 
winter was encased in ice, and whose shores were enrobed in snow 
— when we compare the Boston of that day, with her at this time, 
with her more than three hundred and fifty thousand souls, her free 
schools and seminaries of learning, her numerous churches, her 
libraries of halt' a million of volumes, her almost numberless associa- 
tions for charitable and beneficent purposes, her rapidly augmenting 
commercial, manufacturing and financial enterprises, we involuntarily 
exclaim, "The Lord hath done great things for us, whereof we are 

Boston has played a memorable part in the history of American 
progress. Here commenced the opposition to the Stamp Act, which 
made of her harbor a "great tea pot," the flavor of which has impreg- 
nated the waters of the globe. Here, on her borders, commenced the 
war which ended in American independence, and under her shadow 
was established the first free public school of which we have any ac- 
count in the world. Well does an English writer remark, "Boston 
has played a great part in the historical drama of the world, and her 
sons arc the best of a notable breed."' Boston has had to wait her 
time for large commercial enterprises, but a glorious era is dawning 
upon her. Already she has stretched her arms to the great lakes, the 
fertile valleys of the west, clasped the continent with her iron rails, 
laid her hands on Pugct Sound, and ere long will have connections 
with the rich lands of the great North A\\>t and South West, wh 
products are to find a great cut rep 6t in our city — where there has 
been on the rails at the same time fourteen hundred cars waiting to 
deliver their freight on shipboard, and from whose wharves th< 
have departed in a single week twenty steamships, and during the 
past vear lour hundred and forty, laden with the products of OUT 

hind. Boston may nol exercise the Bame controlling influence that 

She did a hundred years ago. but she has a great past, and the world 

1881.] President Wilder 's Address. 137 

is enjoying fruits which are the direct outgrowths of the principles of 
the fathers, the labors of her sons, the blessings of her institutions, 
and the culture and refinement of her society. But whatever rank 
may be assigned her on the roll of cities, the light of her example 
can never be extinguished. Her history and fame will be cherished 
and revered while the name of Franklin the father of American 
Science, Hancock the first signer of the Declaration of American 
Independence, and Warren the great martyr on Bunker Hill, shall 
have a page in the annals of time. 

The interest now manifested in geographical and archaeological re- 
searches is worthy of special notice and commendation. Wonderful 
indeed have been the results obtained by the enterprise of our 
geographical societies, the explorations and surveys of national gov- 
ernments, and the untiring enterprise of archaeologists, both in our 
own and foreign lands. It is, I think, only about sixty years since 
the first geographical society in the world was established. Now 
there are more than fifty such associations actively engaged in their 
appropriate work, which are constantly bringing to light territories and 
resources in the hitherto unknown parts of the globe. One of the 
most important of these is the American Geographical Society, of 
which Chief Justice Daly is president. To the efforts of these so- 
cieties and the patronage of governments, we are largely indebted 
for the extensive explorations in Asia Minor, Japan, China ; South, 
Central, and North America and the Arctic Shores. In regard to 
the latter, we understand that Prof. Nordenskjold believes that voy- 
ages from the Atlantic to the Pacific, around the North coast of Asia, 
may be regularly made by suitable steamers at the proper season of 
the year. 

The geological and geographical surveys in our vast western ter- 
ritories, from New Mexico to our northern Alaska, and the great 
territory lying west and north-west* of the great lakes — which our 
associate, Mr. Charles C. Coffin, has graphically described as suffi- 
cient for eleven states as large as Ohio, and ultimately to be joined 
to our own territory — are constantly opening up to us more and 
more of the immense acreage and fertility of our soil. It is within 
the present century that Lewis and Clarke ascended the Missouri to 
its source, reached the Pacific, and returned through the Yellow 
Stone, now opening up to us by the Northern Pacific Railroad, 
giving the world a knowledge of the surpassing richness and resources 
of these regions. 

The Reports of Hay den, Powell and others, in regard to our 
western and south-western territories, continue to afford most 
important information, and are regarded as among the most valuable 
outlays of our government. From the researches in South and 
Central America by Drs. Fahn and Le Plongeon, whom we hope 
to see here in the spring, we learn that our western world, although 
last discovered, was probably the home of a very early civiliza- 

138 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

tion. Says Dr. Fahn, 'The result of my observations is, that 
America is the Old World, from whence emigrated the human 
family, and that Europe, Asia and Africa are the New World." 

N The languages spoken by the Indians of Peru and Bolivia, exhibit 

astounding affinities with the Arabic, and the roots of the early 
Aryau tongue are found in the purest condition in the languages 
of these Indians." We need more information in regard to the 
origin and relation of the native races, which is bo essential to the 
study of the aboriginal life of America, and although we may never 
ascertain the antiquity or locality of the progenitors of the race, yet 
the investigations of archaeologists and historians are constantly 
bringing to light discoveries which give evidence relating to an age 
far anterior to what we had supposed, and will, ere long, we hope, 
settle the question which of the continents, the Eastern or Western, 
is entitled to seniority as the residence of mankind. 

Large portions of the globe also remain to be discovered, where 
the light of civilization, the commerce of nations, and the refine- 
ments of social life are yet to be established, and where we con- 
fidently believe the English tongue will yet be spoken. The late 
explorations by Stanley, Pinto, and other travellers in Africa, con- 
stitute some of the most remarkable and valuable contributions to 
modern history, and make known a country with nearly two hundred 
millions of souls, one seventh part of the population of the globe, 
some of whose immense rivers will yet be navigated under the 
influence of trade and the industries of modern times. 

In these enterprises, we are glad to learn that Boston is not be- 
hind the age, and that the Archaeological Institute of America, 
whose home is here, and to which we extend a most hearty welcome 
— an institution which has now an able student in Colorado and 
New Mexico, engaged in the study of the ruins of the ancient Indian 
Pueblos, and of the life and customs of the existing Pueblo Indians 
— is about to send out a commission under the direction ot Prof. 
Charles Eliot Norton of Harvard University, to the ancient city of 
Assos, which the Apostle Paul once visited, the site of which is on 
the eastern shore of the Greek Archipelago, about thirty miles south 
of the site of ancient Troy wdiere Dr. Schleiman has been excavating, 
and who, we understand, is now pursuing similar work near 1 hebes. 
Nor would we omit to mention the excavations and discoveries at 
Athens and Olympia, in Greece, just now being made known to the 
public, by Professor Thomas Davidson, of Boston. 

Truly, the world moves ! The earth revokes I The sun pours 
his revivifying rays into the bosom of mother earth, and nature, 
daughter of the skies, comes forth to supply the wants of man. 
Science with her piercing eye penetrates her very depths, and brings 
forth treasures which have laid hidden from the foundation of the 
world. Civilization waves her banner, ever beckoning us on to 
higher and higher attainments, and history records with diamond 

1881.] President Wilder s Address. 139 

pen the progress of the age, for the benefit of those who are to 
follow us. 

I hail with gratitude and pleasure the increased interest so generally 
manifested in family history and genealogical researches, for which 
our Society is so justly celebrated, and in which from its earliest in- 
ception it has been zealously engaged. Many of us can remember 
the time when very little attention was given to the subject, by 
societies or individuals. Within the period in which I have had the 
honor to occupy this chair, there was but little interest, compara- 
tively, in the study of family or town history. Now the whole of 
New England is wide awake to its importance, and our libraries are 
constantly thronged for books and information on these subjects. 
It has become a common study, and our archives are richly stored 
with books which are daily consulted for information. The 
great deficiency of family histories was, until within a few years, a 
source of deep regret. To supply this want was the object and 
purpose of the founders of our Society, and upon it the Society has 
bestowed special and persistent labor. Our department of genealogy 
and family history, I am happy to repeat, has become a great de- 
pository and contains a vast amount of valuable information. 

The inquiry is sometimes made, of what use are all these 
researches into the history of our families? To this we reply, 
that the history and even the genealogy of families seems by the 
Bible to have been of Divine origin, the records of which have been 
deemed so important as to have been inscribed on its pages, in the 
lines of ancestry and descent from Adam down to the christian era, 
thus to be carefully preserved, to show us that the great and good 
of the world come not by chance, but are the results of good fathers, 
good mothers and good examples. Some men boast of being self 
made ; but, trace back their origin, and it will generally be found 
that what they possess of excellence came down from the inheritance 
of good blood and good principles. Not to know from whence we 
came, not to care any thing about our ancestors, is to detract from the 
honor and gratitude due them, to suppress from posterity and to blot 
from human record the elements which have made us what we are. 

Strange, indeed, it is, that so little attention had been given to 
this subject in former years. Says the late Rev. Mr. Ketchum, 
" It is a fact that manv men of average intelligence do not know the 
names of their own grandfathers ; and all the knowledge they possess 
about their ancestry is the common tradition that they descended 
from one of three brothers who came over from the old country, 
and that it is said there are large estates which have been for a long 
time waiting to be claimed by those of their name." If it is con- 
sidered a matter of importance to trace the genealogy of our cattle in 
the Herd Book, of the horse back to Godolphin Arabian, or a strain 
of the camel back to an ancestry of one or two hundred years, how 
much more noble and important to trace the blood of man, made but 
n a little lower than the angels," and lord of this lower world ! 

140 President Wilder** Address. [April, 

Resuming the Bubjed of history to which I called your attention 
last m:u\ I b< ^ again to impress on you it? importance and influence, 
for I know of no tlu-mc which is more appropriate or worthy of your 
consideration. The history of mankind, either as individuals, 
communities or nations, is like an electric current coursing through 
the past, present and future time, connecting and vitalizing by 
its moral force the human race, like the providence of (rod, 
carrying out His beneficent plans for the elevation and sal- 
vation of the world. This influence moulds the character of 
mankind, transmits from generation to generation examples worthy 
of imitation, presents virtue in her most enchanting form, vice in 
its detested garb, and inscribes on monuments of fame names and 
deeds which will live in grateful remembrance Ion-- after tie- moun- 
tains from which the shafts were hewn shall have melted away. 
The achievements of men and nations are like mirrors reflecting the 
principles and precepts of the great and good, stimulating us to 
imitate their examples, filling the hearts of millions with high and 
holy aspirations, and speaking to us from the printed page, the 
marble and the canvas, proclaiming as with clarion voice, 'This is 
the way, walk ye therein." Thus the good influences permeate 
the minds of men for all time, ever acquiring concentrating 
power, striking their roots deeper and deeper into the heart of 
communities, making men more useful citizens, inspiring them with 
the love of liberty, country and God. The record of our struggles 
for independence and for the preservation of our union will yet 
cause monuments to rise in the South as well as in the North to 
commemorate the blessings of freedom, union and equality. His- 
tory links together in one great circle the nations of the world, 
gathers up, preserves and perpetuates the record of human life. 
By it the discoveries in art, science and civilization are made the 
ministers of untold blessings to the world, and harbingers of still 
greater glories to come. 

We cannot move a step forward without consulting the records 
of the past. Blot these out and we have no lessons for our guid- 
ance ; strike these records out of existence, and our boasted civiliza- 
tion would wither like the leaves of the forest, and be swept by the 
wintry blast of desolation from the face of the earth. History 
is to direct and govern all future generations in the march of im- 
provement, to teach them how to control the forces of nature, to culti- 
vate and adorn the earth, unlock the doors of nature's Becret labora- 
tories, and bring forth the treasures of air, earth and water that are in 
waiting for the use of man. History enlarges the Bcope ^\' human 
thought, and prepares us for the greater ble88ing8 W Inch are in Btore fof 
mankind. Onward ! is the word, and we must obey it. Christian 
Civilization spreads out her arms and gathers up for use all that may 
tend to the happiness of our race : and history promulgates to the 
ends of the earth the power to make men great, and nations pros- 
perOUfl and Mrong. 

1881.] President Wilder *s Address. 141 

How important, then, that we should have a knowledge of history ! 
President Chadbourne, our associate member, says, "To him who 
takes in the history of the past, life is lengthened. He may count 
no more revolving years than his fellow man whose thoughts never 
wander farther back than his boyhood. He who reads the past 
multiplies his days a hundred fold." Things which appear at the 
time of little consequence often turn out in their results to be of 
momentous importance. A suggestion, an action or an accident 
recorded in history may have been the father of discoveries which 
have conferred untold blessings on our race. Just as a grain of 
invisible pollen impregnates the open- blossom, fertilizing it and 
producing a fruit that charms the eye, gratifies the taste, cools 
the fevered lip, and ministers to the comfort and relief of millions 
who partake of it. 

We build upon the past, we look to history for the record of 
human thought, of individual life, of national character, and as the 
author last quoted says, "it is in their light we walk." Nine-tenths 
of all the movements in trade, art or science rely for their success 
on the experience of the past. Without these guides we wander in 
the mazes of doubt, and might as well expect to produce a beautiful 
flower or luscious fruit without a knowledge of the sources from which 
they were to emanate. 

And now as our statues commemorating the worthy dead are 
rising up in various parts of this city, let us recur for a moment 
to the history of New England. I have spoken on this subject 
before, but I desire to repeat in substance what I have said, having 
nothing to alter or amend. New England principles are to re- 
generate, remodel and reconstruct the governments of the world. 
Here was laid, said Mr. Winthrop, " the corner-stone of a mightier 
and freer nation than the sun in its circuit ever before shone upon." 
New England ideas and principles which had here their first illustra- 
tion, as President Hayes, one of our Vice-Presidents, has lately 
said, "have had a great influence in shaping the affairs of the people 
of the United States, much to do with the prosperity we now enjoy, 
and about which Ave may rightfully be boastful, and which we cannot 
too highly esteem." Well did Secretary Evarts, a Boston boy, say 
in his late speech before the New England Society in Brooklyn, 
N. Y., in regard to the influence of New England principles on 
the world, f Who can measure it? Who can circumscribe it? As 
the Puritan settlement at Plymouth is to the United States of 
America as it now is, so is the United States of America to the future 
possession and control of the world as it is to be." 

Look for instance at what New England has done for the advance- 
ment of civilization, the support of constitutional authority, thedevelop- 
ment of our national resources. How she has encouraged every effort 
for the cause of education, the diffusion of knowledge, the extension 
of human freedom and the spread of the Gospel ! How she has sent 
vol. xxxv. 13 

142 President Wilder' s Address. [April, 

her -"ii- Forth as pioneers to stimulate by their examples, to build 
up by their enterprise, to enrich by their wealth, and to plant, 
wherever their feel -hall tread, Schools, churches and institutions for 

the welfare of mankind ! 

Look at her history presenting examples of genius, enterprise and 
benevolence, unsurpassed in the annals of the world ! 

Who was it that drew the lightning from the fiery cloud, and held 
it in his hand ! 

Who was it that laid the mystic wire, dry-shod, from continent 
to continent, in the almost fathomless abyss of the mighty deep ! 

Who was it that taught the electric spark, with tongue of fire to 
speak, quick as thought, all the languages of the globe ! 

Who was it that brought Lethean sleep, the heaven-born messen- 
ger, to assuage all human suffering, and to blot from memory the 
cruel operations of the surgeon's knife ! 

Who planted the first free school on this continent, if not the first 
free school in the world — the free school, that tree of knowledge 
whose fruits are freedom of thought, freedom of speech, freedom of 
worship — that tree whose leaves are for the healing of the nations ! 

Whose sign manual appears at the head of the signers of that 
immortal Declaration of American Independence ; who were they 
wdio fell where yonder column rises ; and who were the volunteers 
that rushed first to the defence of the Capitol in the late fearful 
struirsrle of our union ! 


Who were the men who conceived the idea and laid the plan for 
the greatest missionary enterprise on our western shores, going 
forth with the ensign of the cross in one hand and the flag of our 
nation in the other, to the distant islands of the sea ! 

Who were the men on this hemisphere that first stood forth, as the 
champions of human freedom and equal rights, boldly declaring, 
with their lives in their hands, like Paul on Mars Hill, that God 
ff made of one blood all the nations of men ! " 

By whose bold adventure, untiring energy, and wonderful despatch, 
was our western continent spanned by the iron tracks of the Pacific 

road ! 

Who was it that was honored with princely obsequies at West- 
minster Abbey, and whose remains by order of her Majesty the 
Queen of Great Britain, were sent home to us under royal convoy, 
in testimony of his noble benefactions to mankind ! 

Were not these New England men? Were not these beneficent 
acts and achievements the result of New England mind? Aye, 
they were Massachusetts men ! It is these that have elevated our 
institutions as shining lights, whose beneficent rays have penetrated 
the darkest recesses of the earth, and whose golden record -hall 
shine with brighter and brighter glory on the historic |>;i^ 

These are the words I spoke t<> you eleven years ago, and from 
which I have nothing to retract. But in filial duty to the land which 

1881.] President Wilder 's Address. 143 

gave me birth, I desire once more to place on record, to impress on 
your memories, and on the mind of every child that shall be born 
on New England soil, this wonderful story of the genius and renown 
of her sons. Thus will we record these examples of patriotism, 
moral worth, and christian benevolence, that they may live forever 
on the tablet of the memory. 

" We'll teach them to our sons, 
And they again to theirs, 
That generations yet unborn 
May tell them to their heirs." 

Forever shall they be cherished and remembered ! Never shall 
they be forgotten, No, Never ! Through the ages of all time pos- 
terity shall respond, in the words of our own poet, 

"Forever! Never! Never! Forever!" 

Gentlemen, I cannot close these remarks without referring to the 
prosperous condition of our country, to which I briefly alluded 
last year. This 1 am happy to believe is still on the increase. When 
we consider the stupendous progress and prosperity since our fathers 
planted the flower of freedom which has shed its fragrance all over 
our land — when we think of the vastness of our country, looking out 
on Europe on the east and Asia on the west, capable of producing 
almost all the products of other climes, of feeding a great portion of 
the people of the world, its rapidly increasing population coming 
from all parts of the globe, and combining into a race more power- 
ful than any that has preceded it — with a constant immigration still 
surging on to the great West, to occupy not only our present lines 
but the lands of the great Northwest, whose advantages were so 
graphically described by our associate, Mr. Coffin, in his late paper 
read before us — when we reflect on these things we instinctively 
inquire to what will this all come at the close of two and a half 
centuries more. 

When 1 think upon what I have witnessed in my own day, my 
heart throbs with intense desire that my life may be prolonged 
for another eighty years to see something more of the great future 
of this blessed land, more of its rising greatness and power 
when it shall have been filled up with the push and onward march 
of American enterprise, and I involuntarily exclaim — "Tell us, ye 
prophets of the Lord, O tell us, to what glorious end these signs 
of promise are pointing"? Were we permitted to look forward 
through the lens of the future, methinks we should see, ere some who 
hear me shall have gone down to their graves, amazing develop- 
ments springing from the benign influences of New-England princi- 
ples and institutions. How clearly do we see the hand of an 
overruling Providence who has designed this continent for the uses 
of a great nation, a most magnificent dwelling-place prepared by 
Him for man's abode — a home for the oppressed of the world, 

144 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

and of a people who are almoners of freedom to the advancing millions 
that are to dwell within its borders. 

The tide of humanity is constantly surging westward without re- 
gard to age or color, and is every year increasing its volume. Our 
eastern cities and towns join in the grand procession with the hun- 
dreds of thousands who are seeking a home nearer the setting sun, 
in those rich lands where thriving villages, towns and cities, will 
arise as by enchantment, and become as populous and affluent as 
we now are. Whether this comes in one or five centuries, it is as 
sure to come as that day follows night. 

In a word, our country, with is vast territories, its fertile and pro- 
ductive fields, its rapidly increasing population, free schools and 
benevolent institutions spread broadcast over the land, together with 
the development of its immense mineral resources, may look forward, 
in all human probability, to a future the like of which the world has 
never seen, a future which neither Greece nor Rome, nor the most 
favored nations of the past could ever have dreamed of — a future, 
when nations shall do honor to our civilization, science and refine- 
ment, as it now does to our progress, power and prosperity — when 
the flag of our republic shall unfold its stars and stripes throughout 
the world as the symbols of civilization and benevolence, where every 
man may sit under the shadow of the tree of liberty, and enjoy the rich 
fruits which spring from freedom of conscience and the right to 
worship God according to its dictates. 

Thus Providence has placed our nation where it stands, in the 
midst of cast-down or declining monarchies, as an emblem of Divine 
justice, the terror of tyrants, the protector of human rights, and on 
whose ensign is inscribed "Law, Freedom, Truth, and Faith in 
God" — a nation where, in the words of the martyred Lincoln, "The 
mystic ties of memory stretching from every battle-field and patriot 
grave, to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, 
shall yet swell the chorus of the Union when touched, as surely they 
will be, by the better angels of our nature." Nothing but some tre- 
mendous convulsion, some great moral earthquake, some dire revul- 
sion of human excellence, virtue and renown, which shall shatter our 
confederacy into atoms and cover our fair land with anarchy and dis- 
union, can ever obstruct the grandest and most glorious march of 
civilization on the globe. 

When I look back on the past and see what has been accomplished 
by the planting of our free institutions on these New England 
shores, when I look forward to the future and consider the vastness 
and capacity of our national territory, its immense annual crop of 
twenty-five hundred millions of bushels of grain, sufficient for feed- 
ing its fifty millions of people and supplying the needs of the rest of 
the world — its eighty thousand miles of railroad, with net earnings of 
two hundred millions of dollars yearly, and its rich mineral resources 
— a territory yet to be filled up with a free and industrious population, 

1881.] Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. 145 

I feel a great desire to see more of the development of this wonderful 
country — when the five Pacific railroads shall have enclasped our 
continent, when the inter-oceanic canals shall have united the waters 
of our oceans — when the thousands of our rivers shall be navigated, 
the vast interior of our continent occupied by an industrious, intelli- 
gent, and enterprising community — when the sound of the steam 
whistle, the ring of the iron rail, the click of the telegraph, and 
the voice of the telephone shall be heard around the world — when the 
genius of man, the progress of letters, the philosophy of nature, the 
mysteries of science shall have been fully unfolded — when these shall 
have accomplished their Divine mission, and man master of them 
all shall approach nearer and nearer to that wisdom and perfection 
which arc finally to characterize our race — when "Liberty, Equality 
and Fraternity" shall be the countersign from land to land — when all 
the peoples of the earth shall join in hallelujahs of thanksgiving to 
the God of nations, whose song of jubilee -ball be, FREEDOM and 

Salvation ! Free and Equal ! Free and Equal fobei eb ! 


Communicated by Col. Joun Lewis Peyton, of Stccphill, near Staunton, Virginia. 

^J^IIE Peyton family is of high antiquity in tbc mother country. 
JL According to Du Moulin, ( lamden and other antiquarians and 

historians the founder was William de Malet, one of the great ba- 
rons who accompanied William I. to the conquest of England, and 
obtained from that monarch many grants of manors and lordships as 
a recompense for his military services. Among these lordships 
were Sibton and Peyton Halls in Norfolk, from the latter of which 
a junior branch of the de Malete assumed the surname of Peyton 
in accordance with the usage of the times. 

The name is also one of the earliest connected with the coloniza- 
tion of Virginia. Sir Henry Peyton, who was knighted by James 
I., and was gentleman of the Privy Chamber of Prince Henry in 
1610, was a member of the London Company to whom King James 
granted a charter May 23, 1609, "to deduce a colony and make 
habitation and plantation in that part of America commonly called 
Virginia." [See Hening, vol. i. p. 82.] Sir Henry Peyton was 
the fourth son of the Right Hon. Thomas Peyton, M. P. for Dun- 
wich in 1557, by his wife Lady Cecelia Bouchier, daughter of John, 
second Earl of Bath. He married Lady Mary, daughter of Ed- 
ward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, but it does not appear that he 
ever visited Virginia or left descendants. His nephew John Pey- 
ton, son of his brother Robert, is supposed to have been the first of 
the family who undertook the voyage to Virginia circa 1622, when 
vol. xxxv. 13* 

L46 Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family* [April, 

in his twenty-sixth year, lie had previously married Ellen Pak- 
Lngton, of London, and left at his death two sons : 

i. Henry IVyton, of Acquis, Westmoreland Co., Va. 
ii. Col. Valentine, of* Nominy, " " 

The descendants of these two sons arc scattered through Virginia, 
the South and West. An accurate list of their offspring cannot be 
now Furnished, but it id hoped that it will he forthcoming at no dis- 
tant day. 

Thus much, however, may he said, that from Valentine was de- 
scended the gallant Col. Harry Peyton of revolutionary fame, who 
when he heard that his last son had been killed at the sieire of 
Charleston, S. C, 1780, by a cannon hall from the British fleet, 
exclaimed, ' Would to God I had another to put in his place." 

And Frances Peyton, who married Judge John Brown, Chan- 
cellor of the Staunton (Va.) district, and left issue : 

i. Judge James E. Brown, of the AVytheville district, uncle of Gen. 
J. E. B. Stuart, of the Confederate Cavalry. 

ii. Margaret, who married Judge Briscoe G. Baldwin, of the Supreme 
Court of Appeals of Virginia, the father of Col. John B. Bald- 
win, of Mrs. Alexander A. H. H. Stuart, Mrs. James M. Ran- 
son, of Jefferson Co., West Virginia, and Mrs. Chapman I. 
Stuart, of Richmond, Va. 

iii. Martha, who married William S. Eskridge, and left issue : 
Mrs. Jno. Towles, of Louisiana, and 
Mrs. R. T. W. Duke, of Albermarle, Va. 

From Henry Peyton, of Acquia, descended Col. Balie Peyton, 
of Tennessee, a distinguished lawyer and soldier. He served in 
congress for Tennessee, and in the Mexican war as colonel of the 
5th Louisiana Regiment, and afterwards as Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Chili, 1848-1853. The Hon. E. G. Peyton, late Chief Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of Mississippi ; Col. Henry E. Peyton, 
wdio served throughout the war on the staff of Gen. R. E. Lee, 
and is now secretary of the U. S. Senate ; Col. Robert L. Y. 
Peyton, a member of the Confederate States Senate for Missouri, 
and others too numerous to be here mentioned. 

With these simple facts by way of introduction, we present our 
naders with some of the earliest papers on record in our country. 

Will of Henry Peyton, gent, of A<-qiu'<i. in the County of Westmoreland 

I irgima, 1 658. 

In the name of God amen 1 Henry Peyton, of Acquia. in the County 
of Westmoreland, Gentleman, being of good and perfect memory, & thanks 

be to God, well & sound in bodily health, but being bound tor a voyage to 

l iK»t knowing how it may please God to dispose ol mc doc make this 
my lasl will & testament, In manner $ form flowing. 

Imprimis. I give & bequeath my soul to God that gave it. & my body 
to tin- Earth from whence it came, or as it shall please God the Almighty 
otherwise t<> dispose of it. 

1881. Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. 147 

Item. I give & bequeath to my loving wife Ellen Peyton one half of the 
whole estate that it has pleased the Almighty God to bestow upon me in 
this world, excepting the legacy hereinafter given to my brother Valentine 

Item. I give & bequeath to my sons Henry & Valentine Peyton the 
other half of mine estate equally to be divided betwixt them, to be paid to 
them, at their ages of one & twenty years. 

Item. I give & bequeath to my brother Valentine Peyton One thousand 
pounds of tobacco to buy him a mourning suit. 

Item. My will is that none of my land or estate in Virginia do fall to my 
sons or next heirs in law as inheritance, but that if my wife desire it then 
it is to be sold & valued as personal estate & then be divided according to 
my will. 

Item. My will & desire is that my brother Col. Valentine Peyton & mine 
Uncle Thomas Pakington of London, be overseers of this my last will & 
testament to be performed according to my true intent & meaning, & in 
case my wife marry again to take security for or to take into their pos- 
session that part that belongeth to the children. 

Item. I constitute & ordain my loving wife Ellen Peyton sole execu- 
trix of this my last will & testament. 

Witness my hand & seal this 17 th day of May 1658. 

Henry Peyton [seal] 
Signed & sealed in presence of 
Walter B rod hurst 
Hugh Brodhurst. 

This will was proved & recorded 20 th of October 1659. 
A copy. Teste 

J. Warren Hutt, 

Clerk of Westmoreland 
August 1880. 

Will of Colonel Valentine Peyton, gent, of Nominy, 1662. 

In the name of God Amen I Valentine Peyton of the County of West- 
moreland, Virginia Gentleman being about to take a voyage to Jamestown, 
& knowing the life of man to be uncertain doe make this my last will & tes- 
tament in form following, to wit ; 

Imprimis. I give & bequeath my soul into the hands of God my maker 
hoping for salvation through the merits & passion of my alone Saviour 
Jesus Christ, & my body to the earth decently to be buried at the discretion 
of my Executrix hereinafter named. 

Item. I give my estate real & personal both of lands, goods, chattels & 
debts to my dear & loving wife Frances Peyton whom I ordain nominate 
& appoint my sole executrix, excepting only the legacies hereinafter men- 

Item. I give unto my son-in-law Thomas Speke one two year old Mare 
& four Cows with their increase for the future to be delivered to him when 
he comes to the age of twenty one. 

Item. I leave my father-in-law Thomas esq & M r Robert Sligh 

both of Maryland overseers to see this my last will performed. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this 27 th of No- 
vember 1662. 

Valentine Peyton [seal] 

148 Virginia Document* — the Peyton Family. [April, 

phen Warward 

Augustus Hull 


This will was recorded Jane 29 th 1665. 

A copy, teste 

J. Warren Butt, clerk. 

Sep' 14 th , 1880. 

Mrs. Frances Peyton's to Major John Washington Power of Attorney, 


Know all men by these presents that I Frances Peyton the relict & wid- 
ow & Adm* with the will annexed of Colonel Valentine Peyton late of the 
County of Westmoreland, deceased doe make, constitute, appoint & ordain 
my trusty and well beloved friend Major John Washington, 4 of the said 
County my true & lawful general attorney in all causes & in all Courts with- 
in the Colony of Virginia to act for me either as plaintiff' or defendant 
hereby giving & granting unto my said attorney as full power & authority 
in the prosecution of my interests as any attorney or attorneys hath or 
ought to have. And whatsoever my said attorney shall lawfully doe in the 
premises I do & shall ratify & confirm as powerfully & effectually as if I 
myself was there personally present to do the same. In witness whereof I 
have hereunto set my hand & seal this 21 st of July 1665. 

Frances Peyton [seal] 
Signed, sealed & delivered in the presence of 

John Lord 

Thomas Wilsford 

This letter of attorney was recorded on the 22 nd of July 1GG5. 

A copy, teste 

J. Warren Ilutt, Clerk. 
Sept. 14 th , 1880. 

Will of Col. Gerrard Peyton, of Nominy, in tlic Co. of Westmoreland, J'a., 


In the name of God amen. I Gerrard Peyton, of Nominy in the Co. of 
Westmoreland, finding myself very sick and weak in body, but of sound 
and perfect memory calling to mind the frailty of all human flesh and the 
decree of our Heavenly lather that all mankind are once to die and de- 
scend into the grave and to Bleep until the loud and dreadful trumpet shall 

sound and awake us all to judgment before the great tribunal judge, both 

of quick and dead: doe by these presents make, constitute, ordain and ap- 
point this to be my true La8t will and testament, hereby revoking, disannull- 
ing and making void all manner of former wills and testaments by me here- 
tofore made or done. 

/'7/-.s7. [ give and bequeath my immortal soul unto (*oi\ my Heavenly 
maker, who gave it first unto me, hoping through the merits, passion and 
intercession of bis boh my alone dear Saviour Jesus Christ, to behold and 

[lastingly enjoy my maker and redeemer in the Kingdom of Heaven 
* M.ijnr John Washington vrai the grandfather of the Ulnstriooi Washington. 

1881.] Virginia Documents — the Peyton Family. 


and my body to the earth from whence it came to be decently buried and 
interred according to the decision of my executrix hereinafter named. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my dearest well beloved sister Eliza- 
beth Hardige, her heirs, Executors, administrators and assigns all my real 
estate and personal property, my lands &c. And if my said sister Eliza- 
beth Hardidge should have no issue of her body, then my full and whole 
estate both real and personale with all my lands to be disposed of by her 
last will and testament. Also, I the said Gerard Peyton doe by these pre- 
sents nominate, constitute, put, place, ordain and appoint my loving and 
kind father-in-law M r William Hardidge, of Nominy aforesaid to be sole 
executor of this my last will and testament. 

In witness whereof I the said Gerard Peyton being in good and perfect 
memory have hereunto set my hand and seal this 27 th day of Dec r A.D. 
1687. Anno reg. Jacobi secundo tertio. 

The words " her heirs, executors & c " interlined in the 12th line before 

Codicil. I also give and bequeath unto my kind and loving father-in- 
law my sword and belt and case of pistols. I also give and bequeath unto 
Valentine Harris One hundred acres of land. Unto M rs Margaret Blagg 
my horse " Jocky," to M rs Edward Franklyn fourteen and a half yards 
of silk and a pair of shoes. Unto Cuthbert one pair of breeches and a 
trunk and unto Negro Dick the first mare colt that shall fall. 

c . , t -, , -, ,. , Gerrard Peyton fseal] 

bigned, sealed and delivered L J 

in presence of 

Joseph Lewis 

Richard Sturman 

Robert Chamberlain 

Jan* 11. 1G87-8. 

Upon petition of M r W m Hardidge, Executor of the last will and testa- 
ment of the above named Col. Gerrard Peyton this will was proved in 
Court by the Oaths of Joseph Lewis, Richard Sturman and Robert Cham- 
berlain witnesses thereto subscribed and it was ordered to be recorded. 

Thom. Marsen, 

Deputy Clerk. 

A.D. 1731. 

Westmoreland Co. ) 
to wit. I 

At a court held for the said County the 
27 th day of October 1731. 

Col. Henry Ashton by his letter to this Court representing that the leaf 
of the record book in which the will of Col. Gerrard Peyton dec d 1687 was 
recorded is by some accident broken off (which it seems was before George 
Tuberville, the present Clerk of the County was in that office) And it re- 
mains in a loose leaf of the said book. And as the whole right of a great 
quantity of lands belonging to his daughter and grand daughters depend 
on the said will, therefore prayed the Courts order for recording the same 
in a proper book which being considered by the Court it is ordered that 
the said Col. Peyton's will be re-entered in the present record book for 
wills of this county. And the original will of said Peyton happening to 
be in possession of said Ashton and being produced in Court it is also or- 

150 Zdbdiel "nil John Boylston, [April, 

dered thai the same be lodged and remain in the clerk: a office <>f this county 
amongst other original wills. TetU (i. Tubbervtle, C. C. W. 

\i corded the SO* day of October 1731. 

> r (;. t., C. C. W. 

A copy, teste J. Warren Hntt, 

c. c. w. 

Virginia Land Registry Office, Richmond. 

Extracts. — The following are grants of lands to the Peytons, made be- 
fore the Revolution : 

Peyton, Henry, book 4, p. 255 ; 400 acres in Westmoreland Co., Novem- 
ber 1,1657. 

Peyton, Valentine, book 4, p. 42G ; 1600 acres in same County, July 20, 

Peyton, Major Robert, book 7, p. 81 ; 1000 acres in New Kent Co., April 

Peyton, Robert, book 7, p. 233; 150 acres in Kensington Parish, Glouces- 
ter Co., Feb. 20, 1682. 

Peyton, Thomas, book 17, p. 524 ; 100 acres in Gloucester Co., June 16, 


Communicated by Charles "W. Parsons, M.D., of Providence, R. I. 

I^HACHER'S American Medical Biography contains an intereet- 
- ing memoir of Dr. Zabdiel Boylston, distinguished for hav- 
ing introduced inoculation for small-pox into this country. This 
memoir was mostly drawn from materials communicated to the late 
Dr. George C. Shattuck, by Ward Nicholas Boylston, the eminent 
benefactor of Harvard College. The printed memoir omits an in- 
cident related at the end of Mr. Boylston's paper, and never hith- 
erto made public. I copy from his manuscript. 

" Here, perhaps, says Mr. Boylston, I may be allowed to intro- 
duce an anecdote I learned with pleasure and surprise from the late 
Dr. Franklin, to whom I was introduced at his seat near Paris, in 
the year 1783. There were several gentlemen and ladies in the 
room at the time of my name being announced to him, when he arose 
from his chair and took me by the hand, saying, K I shall ever re- 
vere the name of Boylston ; Sir, are you of the family of Dr. Zab- 
diel Boylston of Boston ?" to which I replied that he was my great 
uncle; "then, Sir, I must till you I owe everything 1 dow am to 
him." He went on giving this account oi' himself, viz. : ' N\ lien 

Dr. Boylston was in England, I was there reduced t<> the greatest 

distress, a youth without money, friends or COUn8el. I applied in 
my extreme distress to him, who supplied me with twenty guinea.- ; 

1881.] Zabdiel and John JBoylston. 151 

and, relying on his judgment, I visited him as opportunities offered, 
and by his fatherly counsels and encouragements I was saved from 
the abyss of destruction which awaited me, and my future fortune was 
based upon his parental advice and timely assistance. Sir, I beg you 
will visit me as often as you find you have leisure while in Paris." 
During my stay I availed myself of this, visited and dined with him 
several times, and always received his marked attentions." 

Dr. Boylston was in England in 1724 and 1725, and young 
Franklin reached London about the end of the year 1724, where he 
found he had been deceived by worthless letters of recqmmendation 
from Gov. Keith, and was almost friendless and moneyless, though 
he soon found employment as a printer. The incident above related 
is the more creditable to Dr. Boylston from the fact that the New 
England Couvant, conducted by the Franklins, had joined in the 
outcry against inoculation, by which Dr. Boylston had suffered so 

Dr. Boylston had a son John, who presented many interesting 
traits of character. His letters to which I have had access show a 
very amiable man, kind to his relatives in Boston, simple in tastes, 
and warmly attached to his native town. He has been ranked as a 
tory, and is mentioned accordingly in Sabine's " American Loyal- 
ists." It appears that he left Boston for London in 1768, on ac- 
count of impaired health. He was then nearly sixty years old, 
having been born in Boston March 23, 1709. He established a- 
mercantile correspondence with Boston and Jamaica, and resided in 
London till November, 1775, when, on account of increasing in- 
firmities, the interruption of commercial intercourse caused by war, 
and the expense of living in the metropolis, he went to Bath, 
where he died unmarried in 1795. 

His letters through the whole period of the war show that his 
sympathies were with his "townsmen," as he continued to call his 
friends in Boston. He deprecates the "vindictive measures" of 
government, sends money for the relief of the distressed people of 
Boston, and writes as follows, after hearing of the defeat of Gates 
at Camden i " This unfortunate *vent has buried all pacific thoughts, 
and inspired this sanguinary administration to continue this infernal 
contest, with the ostensible view of subjugating the colonies, 
although the real purpose is continuing in office, and fleecing the 
people, whose spirits seem wholly dissipated and broke." 

He kept up a long and constant correspondence w 7 ith the Rev. 
Thomas Wren, a dissenting clergyman of Portsmouth, England, 
in regard to the relief of American prisoners-of-war held at Forton, 
near Portsmouth. He contributed money at many different times 
for their aid and comfort, directing that preference be given to those 
who belonged in Boston, and next to those from other parts of Mas- 
sachusetts. The Forton prisoners make the subject of an interesting 

152 Witchcraft in Springfield > Mass. April, 

communication, published in the Register from L876 to 1*7!'. by 
William R. Cutter, Esq. The visits «»t Mr. Wren, made frequently 
once a week, are repeatedly mentioned in that article, with ;i notice 
of his bringing money to the prisoners. Mr. Boylston gave very 
liberally for this object j and the correspondence between him and 
Mr. Wren .-hows that both parties were very tender in their sympa- 
thies and active in beneficence. 

Mr. Boylston*8 letter.- frequently refer to a plan lie long cherished 
of bequeathing a large part of his property for the benefit of the 
poor of Boston. It would appear that he had taken measures with 
this intent before leaving Boston in L768. He write- from Bath, in 
17s;i : " It is now more than thirty years since by will I d 
my small property to this purpose, having to this day taxed my ex- 
penses for this intent." His last will, executed at Bath in the ; 
1793, creates a trust which is still in operation. One portion of 
the bequest is for the benefit of " poor and decayed householders of 
the Town of Boston," — "not under fifty years of age," — " persons 
of good character and reduced bv the act of Providence, not bv in- 
dolence, extravagancy, or other vice." The other portion is to be 
applied to " the nurture and instruction of Poor Orphans and 
Deserted Children, of the Town of Boston, until fourteen year.- of 
age." The two funds, according to recent reports of the City Audi- 
tor, now amount to considerably more than one hundred thousand 
dollars. They are respectively known as the ' f Boylston Relief 
Fund," and the "Boylston Education Fund." 


Communicated by Stanley Watbbs, A.M., of Salem, M 

TIMIE late Samuel G. Drake, A.M., in his "Annals of Witch- 
JL craft," pp. 64 to 72, gives an account of the trial of Hugh Par- 
sons, of Springfield, and his wife on the charge of witchcraft. In 

the Appendix, pp. 219—58, Mr. Drake gives the evidence in the 
case as found in a manuscript volume belonging to him. The fol- 
lowing depositions, found among the Suffolk court files, undoubtedly 
relate to this case. 

The testimony of Joanna \ ( ' wife of John Lumhard taken on oath May 

22 Ul 1651. 

Tliis deponent sayth y f hir husband y c last Sumer beings dawbinge his 
bowse Layd dowo hi- trowel! at y* doore of hi- bowse on y 1 .-ill and goings 
to fetch more mortal-, afterward came to fetch his trowel! where he 1. 
it, and it was gon. Both Bhee ami hir husband Bought it all over y r 1: 
hut could not linde it. The 3d <l:iv after Hindi Parsons came to o r h< 
St he ami hir husband were Btanding at y* doore at wch tyme an Indian 

by y 1 had bin in y* how—' v' da;, trowel! WSS lost, who called to 

1881.] Correspondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold. 153 

y e Indian to come to him, intending to aske him if he had not stole ye trow- 
ell. Hugh Parsons s d why doe you call him — her husband s d , to inquire of 
him if he had not stole my trowell. S d Hugh Parsons, heere is the trowell, 
& there it was on y e doore sill where hir husband had layd it, but it was 
not to be seen there formerly. Henry Smith. 

The Testimony of Alexander Edwards taken on oath May 26 th 1651. 

This deponent sayth y* he tooke good notice y* his Cow lessened her milke 
on a suddaine, and from 3 quarts shee gave not above one quart at most : 
alsoe y* her milke was of a verry odd colour in all her teates, yellowish 
& somewht Blooddy as if it were festered & it continued soe about a 
weeke. This fell out to y c Cow the next meale after y k his wife had de- 
nyed Hugh Parsons milke, and y* y e Cow ayled nothinge to any of y r apre- 
hentions and grew well agayne and came to her milke without any meanes 
used. Henry Smith. 

The Testemony of Richard Excell taken on oath May 20 th 1651. 

Richard Excell affirmeth y* he heard Hugh Parsons aske Sarah Edwards 
for milke, and shee told him shee could spare him no moer milke, she would 
pay him wht else shee owed him some other way. He replyed he had 
rather have wht was due to him in milke. The next meal Rich: Excell 
saw y e milke y c Cow gave, and it was farr differinge fro ye usuall colour of 
milke it was verry yellow and unfitt for any to eate, and it was not above 
a quart y* y e Cow gave if it were soe much. 

All Testetied on oath before me Henry Smith. 


Communicated by the Hon. Isaac N. Arnold, of Chicago, 111. 

THE following are copies of several papers of historic interest 
which I think should be made accessible to the student of 
history. The originals of all these papers, with the exception 
of the letter to the Rev. B. Booth, are in my hands, but will soon 
be returned to the Rev. Edward Gladwin Arnold, M.A., rector of 
Great Massingham, Norfolk, England [Register, xxxiv. 197], to 
whom they belong. They were sent to me by him with others 
used in preparing my Life of Benedict Arnold. 


Benedict Arnold to the Rev. Mr. Booth. 


May 25. 1779. 
Dear Sir 

Being in daily expectation of sending my sons to You, has p revented 
my answering Your favor of the 2 d of April before. 

I am extremely happy in committing the care of their education to a 
gentleman so universally esteemed, & admired, not in the least doubting 

VOL. XXXY. 14 

154 Correspondence of Gen. Benedict ArnohL "April, 

your care & attention t<> them in every particular. Lei me beg of You, 
my Dear Sir, to treat them in tin* same manner as you would lour own. 
When they de ction I wrish not to have them spared. They have 

been for some time in this City, which is a bad School, & my situation 
has prevented my paying thai attention to them, I otherwise should ha 
done. If they have contracted any bad habits they are uot of long stand- 
ing, & I make no doubt under Your care they will Boon forget them. 

1 wish their education to be useful, rather than learned. Life is too 
short. Ov: uncertain to throw away in speculations upon subjects, that perhs 
only one man in ten thousand has a genius to make a figure in. You will par- 
don my dictating to You sir, but as the fortune of every man in this coun- 
try is uncertain, I wish my sons to be Educated in such a manner that witli 
prudence tSc industry they may acquire a fortune, in case they arc deprived 
of their patrimony, as well as to become useful members of society. 

My tailor has disappointed me, & sent home their clothes unfinished. 
I Am therefore under the necessity of Bending them undone or of detaining 
the wagon. I cannot think of doing the latter, & must beg the favor of You, 
to procure their clothes finished, & some new ones made out of my obi ones. 
I must beg you to purchase any little matters necessary for them. I have 
enclosed three hundred dollars, for their use, out of which you will please 
to give as much to spend as you think proper, with this condition, that they 
render to you a regular account, as often as You think necessary, of their 
expenses, a copy of which they will transmit to me. This will teach them 
economy & method so necessary in life. If any books wanting I beg of 
you to purchase them, & whenever You are in want of money to draw on 

I shall expect they will write me frequently ; of this they will doubtless 
want reminding. I have the Honor to be 

with great respect & esteem 
Dear Sir 
Rev. B. Booth. Your most Obedient & humble Servt 

B. Arnold. 

The Rev. Bartholomew Booth taught an academy at Delamere Fo: 
Washington Co., Maryland, in 1779. lie "taught," says his great-grand- 
son, Dr. "William Booth, " the sons of quite a number of prominent per- 
sons and officers of the Revolution at that time. Among the number v. 
lien, & Richard, two sons of Benedict Arnold." These boys were then 
about 10 and 11 years old. 

It is a curious fact, that while Benedict Arnold was clothing his own : 
by having his old clothes made up for them, he was contributing liberally 
to the support of the children of his friend Gen. Warren. See tetter from 
Samuel Adams, dated Dec. 1, 1779, quoted in Frothingham's life of War- 
ren, p. 450. " Gen. Arnold //as generously assisted by enclosing $500 to 
their support." Also Feb. 11), 177'.). $500, sent by Lieut. Peter Richs 
expenses of Gen. Warren's children. — Arnold?* Li /»'. Arnold^ p. 22 

II. ' 

Letter to Earl Spencer. 

My Lord Gloucester I Mace June l' : 17 

Having had some Experience in Conducting naval, as well a- Military 
I I rations, 1 think it my duty at this alarming ( risis, to tender my 

1881.] Correspondence of Gen, Benedict Arnold, 155 

vices to your Lordship to be employed, as you may think proper, whether 
they are employed or not I presume my zeal for his Majesty's Service will 
apologize for the liberty I take in addressing your Lordship. 
I have the honor to be very respectfully 
My Lord 

Your Lordship's 
The P* Honble Most Obed* 

Earl Spencer & most Hble Serv* 

&c. &c. &c. B. Arnold. 


Letter to Lord Cornwallis. 

Gloucester Place Dec r 29. 1796. 
My Lord 

I have had the honor of receiving your Lordship's letter of the 24 th 
Ins* and beg you will accept my thanks for your kindly attention in speak- 
ing to M r Pitt on the subject of my Plan, which the more I consider it, the 
more important it appears to me in its consequences, provided it can be car- 
ried into effect, and tho' existing circumstances may at present preclude the 
means for that purpose, the case may soon be altered, and as I apprehend 
that the principal objection is the hazard of taking so many ships of the 
line from other service, I beg leave to say that, that objection may in a 
great measure be obviated by adopting a plan that I have taken the liberty 
to enclose for your Lordship's Consideration. 

The naval force of the Enemy in the S. Seas, by the latest intelligence was 
very inconsiderable, consisting only of Two or three ships of the line, one 
fifty & a few Frigates. — Should they detach more ships of war to that 
part of the World, I presume it cannot be done without our knowing their 
destination, in which case we can undoubtedly spare as many ships from 
home service, to counteract them. — If their naval Force in that Country is 
not superior to ours, it would soon fall into our hands, and make such an 
addition to our ships, as would render them sufficiently formidable, to Cover 
our Operations by land, against any force that Spain could send. — And I 
will pledge myself that with such a covering fleet as I have mentioned and 
five thousand effective men to begin Operations, I will soon raise so for- 
midable an army of the Natives, Creoles & People of Colour, that no force 
that Spain has there, or can send to that Country, will be able to resist it, 
or prevent their freeing the Country from the Spanish Government. — Per- 
mit me to request the favor, my Lord, that whenever there appears a favor- 
able Opportunity to carry such plan into effect that you will have the good- 
ness to remind M r Pitt of it, & of my wishes to be employed in it. — 

I have the honor to be with great respect 
My Lord 

Your Lordship's 

Most Obedient & 
most obliged 
Humble Ser* 
[Addressed to Lord Cornwallis.] B. Arnold. 

L56 ( >rre8pondence of Gen. Benedict Arnold* [April, 


Gen. Arnold i Memorandum of his ' - ated Property. 

Memorandum of General Arnold's Property confiscated and Bold in 
Philadelphia, 1779 or L78L 

Si iling 

A pair of Horses for which 6. Arnold refused . . . . «£: 

Carriage almost new, worth ....... LOO 

A valuable Negroeman slave 22 Fears old .... 100 

Plate £50 Furniture Beds Bedding Linen, Ac &c 250 . 

Books Electrical Machine Microscope &c&c China Glass 5 -&c&c 200 

Cloths &c. 50 

Sterling £950 

V>. Arnold. 


Certificate of Jeremiah Miller, Jr. 

I do Certify that I was acquainted with Brig* General Benedict Arnold 
for many years in America, and that lie was for Several Years pre- 
vious to the War considered as a Merchant of Property, and did a g 
deal of Business ; — He was possessed of an elegant House, Store II« 
Wharf &c, in New Haven, Connecticut, which I have been informed and 
believe was worth upwards of Twenty four Hundred pounds, that Curren- 
cy, which with all his property in Connecticut has been confiscated and 
sold, and I have also been informed, and have no reason to doubt but that 
His Estate was free from Encumbrances ; from the nature of His Business 
and trade in General in that Country, I am of the opinion He must have 
had very considerable Out-Standing Debts. 

I do also Certify that in the Year 1780, the State of Connecticut under- 
took to make good the Depreciation of the pay of their Officers upon a 
given scale of Depreciation (to a certain time I think to the year 1778. 
The Treasurer of Connecticut gave His Notes to the Officers for the same, 
which Notes were negotiable and did pass for a certain time at their nom- 
inal Value. Jeremiah Miller, Jr. 

London 5 th March 1784. 


Gen. Arnold's Statement relative to Joshua Hett Smith. 

Tn the Prosecution of the Agreement between S 1 Henry Clinton & my- 
self. Jt became necessary for me to have a Personal Interview with the 
Man of Sir Henry's Confidence, who was the unfortunate Major Andre 

who by appointment of S r II. was to meet me (with a Flag o\ Trace) at 

Dobbs's Kerry <>n the North River at 12 o'clock on a certain day appoint- 
ed by as; at the time appointed I approached the Ferry in my B 
expecting to meet him, hut to my great Mortification Instead of meeting 

him I wa> attacked by three (inn Boats from New fork, who hy BOOM 
fatal mistakes were neither called oft' their Post 01 made acquainted with 

1881.] Who was First Minister of Mendon 9 157 

our Intended meeting, and It was with Great Risque and difficulty that I 
escaped from them, soon after in Order to bring the meeting with Major 
Andre about, I had to send for him from the Vulture Sloop of war, then 
Lying below the American lines in Hudson River, the utmost Secrecy was 
necessary, and the Person who was sent to bring Major Andre and myself 
together was Joshua H. Smith Esq r then residing at Haverstraw where the 
Interview was effected. 

I did not open the intention to Mr Smith but having from various previ- 
ous Conversations discovered M r Smith's Biases in Favor of the British 
Government and Interests, I hoped everything from his Instrumentality to 
accomplish the Design, which unhappily failed by Incidents too well known 
to the world to need mentioning. 

Given under my hand this 

20 th Day of Dec r 1784. B. Arnold. 


By the Rev. George F. Clark, of Mendon, Mass. 

THE "Annals of the Town of Mendon," by John G. Metcalf, M.D., 
have recently been published in a large octavo volume. The book is 
a very valuable contribution to the local histories of New England, and 
ought to be in the hands of all the natives and residents of the town. In 
one particular, however, relative to the first minister, the annalist, through 
inadvertence, has fallen into a mistake that should not be overlooked and 
allowed to go down to posterity as a veritable fact. On pages three and 
four of the book may be found a report, dated " 22: 5: 1662," of the com- 
mittee having charge of the settlement of the plantation at Netmocke, now 
Mendon. Among the names of those accepted as proprietors, or to whom 
allotments of land were made, a portion of whom are said to be of Brain- 
tree and others of Weymouth, appears that of " Goodman Raynes" of 
Weymouth. The annalist has recorded it as " Rayner," and connected 
with it, in parenthesis, the words (" The Minister"), which do not appear 
in the original record, and are therefore misleading. He assumes, more- 
over, that this man, whose christian name appears to have been "John," 
was the first minister of the town. Now the original entry clearly reads 
" Raynes." And in a copy of the first book of records, made by order of the 
town, in 1846, by the annalist himself, the name is rightly written 
" Raynes." 

Furthermore, there is no evidence that Rev. John Rayner, at one time a 
preacher at Mendon, was ever an inhabitant of Weymouth. His father, 
Rev. John Rayner, was for several years the minister of Plymouth, Mass., 
and about 1655 removed to Dover, N. II., where he resided until his death. 
Moreover, the John Rayner, Jr., assumed to have been one of the proprie- 
tors and the first minister of Mendon, was in the year 1662 a student in 
Harvard College, and only nineteen years old, having been born at Ply- 
mouth in 1643. He could not, therefore, have been the man accepted in 
1662 as one of the proprietors of the new town, as no person under age 
would have been. Nor would, a boy of nineteen have been called 
" Goodman." 

vol. xxxv. 14* 

158 Who was First Minister of Mention / [April, 

\_iin. Rev. Abner Morse published in the Genealogical Register (vol. 
i.\. p. 51) the names of those who in 1662 were accepted as proprietors 
from Braintree and Weymouth, and lie gives the name as u Goodman 

()n page 10 of the "Annals," under date of July 14, 1667, mention is 
made of a grant <>f meadow land to Col. William Crowne and the pn 
minister, with others whose aamea are given. The annalist again assumes 
thai " the present minister" was John Rayner, and puts his mum.' into the 
lisl : whereas he La oof mentioned by nam*' as receivings portion of mea- 
dow, nor docs his name, so far as we can ascertain, appear any where upon 
the town records. The only evidence that John Rayner was ever a preacher 
in Mendon is to he found in a petition of the inhabitants to the General 
Court, dated .May 16, 1669, asking for more meadow land, wherein they 
say : " And now God having given us good hope to enjoy the Gospel & gath- 
er a Church by the help of Mr. John Rayner, whose labors we have had 
comfort of this winter, & trust liee will settle with us, besides severall good 
people, members of churches, tender themselves to come to us had wee 
meado to supply them." This indicates that Mr. Rayner had been preach- 
ing for them, how long ? The petitioners say " this winter." What win- 
ter? Most clearly the winter of 1GG8-9, just past, is meant. Had Mr. 
Rayner been preaching at Mendon three years or more, as the annalist in- 
timates, would the petitioners have been likely to have said simply "this 
winter "? His father died at Dover, N. IT., April 20, 1 009, about a month 
previous to the date of the petition above mentioned. Mr. Rayner doubt- 
less left town near the date of his father's death, and probably never re- 
turned to resume his parochial duties, for on the 22d of July, following, he 
was invited to occupy the pulpit at Dover, made vacant by his father's 
death, though he was not ordained there until July 12, 1 07 1 . 

Furthermore, the statement is made in the Genealogical Register of 
July, 1872, p. 332, by Rev. A. II. Quint, D.D., who is reliable authority, 
that John Rayner, Jr., after graduation in 1G63, resided for some time at 
Dover, and pursued his theological studies with his father, and was in fee- 
ble health, though some of the time he was an assistant to his father. Hence 
there is hardly a possibility that he could have been at Mendon in 1GG-I, as 
the annalist supposes. 

It will, therefore, be readily seen that the mistake relative to the lirst 
minister arises from the assumption that "Goodman Raynes," of Wey- 
mouth, admitted as a proprietor in 1662, was John Rayner the subsequent 
minister. Rut they were very different persons, a> we -hall see. 

There was a John Banes who married. November 21, 1659, Mary, the 
daughter of Dea. John Rogers, of Weymouth. And he, in all human 
probability, was the ''Goodman Raynes" mentioned in 1662 as one of the 
proprietors of Mendon, and said to be of Weymouth. In those days the 
same name was frequently spelled differently, according to the fancy of who- 
ever wrote it. Dea. Rogers, in his will, calls his son-in-law "John R 
The name Kayner is also spelled several different ways. All this goes tO 

prove that it was "• Goodman Raynes," or " Ranes," or " Rane," to whom 

land was allotted in L662. He, however, probably never resided at Men- 
don. as his name, we think, is found no where else on the town records. 

Who, then, was the "present minister"' to whom meadow land was as- 
signed in l(')67? There may be a little doubt who he was. Rut the pre- 
sumption is very strong that it was Benjamin Eliot, boo of the ** Apostle 
Idiot," as he is called. At any rate, the first allusioo to a minister in the 

1881.] Longmeadow Families. 159 

town records is under date of " 24 Aprill 68," where is found this entry : 
" Ordered to send A letter to give M r Benjamin Aliot A call w th his fa- 
ther's leave, and A letter sent to y e effect." How long he had been preach- 
ing in the town previous to his " call," is not known. But in those days 
ministers usually preached some months before they were invited to settle. 
Hence Mr. Eliot might have been, and probably was, " the present minis- 
ter" on July 14th, 1667. Certainly there is no evidence that anyone 
preached earlier than he. At this time (1667) he would have been only 
twenty-one years old, having been born June 29, 1646. In " ye olden 
tyme " persons sometimes commenced preaching before reaching their ma- 
jority. Mr. Eliot is said to have been a man of great ability as well as 
of ardent piety. He probably did not receive " his {father's leave " to set- 
tle, because his father was very desirous to have him as his own colleague 
or assistant at Roxbury. And he was for some years associated with his 
father in preaching to the Indians. He died in 1687, but was never for- 
mally ordained. 

There is hardly a shadow of doubt that Benjamin Eliot was " the first 
minister " of the town. John Rayner in all probability was the second. 
Then came Rev. Joseph Emerson, who was the first settled pastor of the 

Communicated by Willakd S. Allen, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from page 27-] 

5th Generation. Calvin Cooley, son of Stephen and Mary Cooley, was 
married June 17, 1790, to Eunice Warrmer, of West Springfield. He 
died Feb. 19, 1846, age 81. She died Oct. 30, 1842, age 77. James, born 
April 7, 1791. Eunice, born March 21, 1794. Loice, born Feb. 18, 1798. 
Calvin, born July 14, 1799, died March 13, 1867, age 67. Mary, born 
Nov. 11, 1804, died Sept. 4, 1808. Lewis, born Jan. 28, 1806, died Sept. 
4, 1808. Alfred, born Sept. 1, 1807. Lewis, born Dec. 23, 1810, and 
died Jan. 25, 1811. Dinah Warriner, sister of Calvin Cooley's wife, died 
June 26, 1833, age 72. Eunice married Diamond Colton. Loice mar- 
ried William White. 

[Page 107.] 5th Generation. Hanan Cooley, son of Stephen and Mary 
Cooley, was married Dec. 19, 1799, to Sarah Booth, daughter of Henry 
and Dorothy Booth, of Enfield. She was born Dec. 5, 1780. Their child- 
ren — Henry Booth, born Dec. 5, 1801. Lucina, born Dec. 18, 1803. 
Ethan, born March 2, 1806. Emeline, born Feb. 12, 1808. 

6th Generation. Alford Cooley, son of Calvin and Eunice Cooley, was 
married Nov. 14, 1833, to Caroline Bliss Saxton, daughter of Noah and 
Martha Bliss Saxton, of Wilbraham. Their children — Caroline Louisa, 
born April 21, 1835. Martha Bliss, born Sept. 2, 1836. James Calvin y 
born Nov. 5, 1838. Noah Saxton, born Feb. 9, 1842. Mary Ella, born 
April 1, 1847. 

[Page 108.] 5th Generation. Josiah Cooley, son of Josiah and Expe- 
rience Cooley, was married March 13, 1777, to Abiel Bliss, daughter of 
Col. John Bliss and Abiel his wife, of Wilbraham. He died Feb. 13, 1824, 
age 74. She died July 8, 1830, age 72. Their children — Rebecca, bora 

160 Longmeadow Families. [April, 

Jan. 7. 1778, died at Granville. John Bliss, born April 17. 1781, died 7. 1786. Svlva. bora March 11. 1785, died at Pittefield. Lydia, 
bora A L 787, died July 81, L823,age86. Lucy, bora Dec 12, 1*7 

John Bliss, bora Not. 8, 1798, died Nov. 1. 1858, ai Wilbraham. Eli 
bora June 2, L 799, died Oct. 8, at Brookfield, 1851. Harriet, born Dec. 
19, L802. Rebecca was married June 22, 1800, to Bezekiah Robinson, of 
Granville. Sylva was married Jan. 22, 1806, to Amhros Collins. Lucy 
married Luther Oolton, Dec 17. 1809. Harriet married G. Olcott Ii 
May 21, 1828. Eliza married Aaron Kimball, of Brookfield, April. 1829. 

5th Generation. Joel Cooley, son of Israel and Deborah Cooley, was 
married to Sarah Olcott, date of their publishment July 4, l7o."». Their 
children — Levi, born Feb. 12, 1756. Lucy, born Jan. 8, 1759. Levi, 
born Nov. 17G1. Deborah, born June 21, 1764. Gad, born Jan. 25, 17G7. 
AValter born — Sally born. Joel Cooley with his family removed to Charles- 
town, state of New Hampshire. 

5th Generation. Jonah Cooley, son of Israel and Deborah, was married 
to Experience Hale, daughter of Thomas and Abigail Hale. They had 
one child, Experience, born Nov. 9, 1780. Experience the mother died 
May 8, 1782. Jonah Cooley married again to Abigail Keep, daughter of 
Mathew and Abigail Keep, published Feb. 8, 1783. Their children — 
Nabby, born Dec. 18, 1783. Jonah, born March 31, 1785. Leonard, 
born Oct. 10, 1786. Ethan, born Sept. 16, 1788. Deborah, born Oct. 
1790. Israel, born Dec. 1792. Jonah Cooley with his family removed 
to Vershire, state of Vermont. 

[Page 109.] 5th Generation. Samuel Cooley, son of Samuel and Pa- 
tience Cooley, was married to Experience Tnbbs, of Middletown. published 
Nov. 2, 1765. Their children — Samuel, born July 12, 1766. Theodocia, 
born March 28, 1768, died May 21, 1807. Simeon, born May 31, 177u. 
William, born Nov. 19, 1775. Theodocia married Samuel Comes, son of 
Samuel, July 20, 1792. Samuel the father died in the American war with 
Great Britain, Sept. 4, 1777, at Albany. Experience the mother died 
Sept. 26, 1778. The family of Simeon, see below on this page. Lydia 
and stillborn, Dec. 30. Lydia bapt. Jan. 3, 1773, died March 20, 177 6. 

5th Generation. John Cooley, son of Eli and Mary Cooley, was mar- 
ried Jan. 9, 1788, to Martha Lancton, daughter of John and Sarah Lane- 
ton, of West Springfield. Their children — Henrv, born June 26, 1792. 
Mercy, born Jan. 16, 1794, died May 23, 1812. Polly, born July 1,17 
Betsey, born Aug. 31, 1798. Walter, born Feb. 1, 1804, died June 13, 
1811. Jerusha, born Oct. 8, 1809. Martha the mother died March '.'. 
1813, age 15. John Cooley died Jan. 29, 1835, aged 71 years. 

6th Generation. Simeon Cooley, of Longmeadow, son of Samuel and 
Experience Cooley, was married in 1805 to Sirviah. who had been the wife 
of Luther Lyman, and was the daughter of Samuel Williams Corkins, of 
Stafford, and Elizabeth his wife. She died July 21, 1862, age 82. Their 
children — Samuel, born Jan. 26, 1806. Theodocia, born Dee. 2. 1><>7. 
William, born January 22, 1810, Simeon, born October 8, 1815, <". 
Jan. 15, 1816. A child born March 19, 1820 (no name given it), died 
March 31. 1820. Emily, born Oct. 20, 1816. Harriet, "born June 22, 
'. | Vacant to page 1 1 1. 1 

6th Generation. Joseph Whiting Cooley, son of Joseph ( and 

Jerusha his wife, of Somers, the grandson of George Cooley, and great- 

indson of Joseph and Mary Cooley (page 98), who removed from Long- 

1881.] Longmeadow Families. 161 

meadow to Somers. He was married April, 1787, to Flavia Cooley, the 
daughter of Hezekiah and Charity Cooley. He was born Sept. 12, 1767. 
Their children — Jerusha, born Dec. 3, 1787. Jerusha, born March 24, 
1790. Whiting, born May 20, 1792. Flavia, born June 5, 1794, died 
Jan. 18, 1820. Cyrus and Venus, born Aug. 11, 1796. Venus died June 
11, 1829. Joseph Cooley the father died May 31, 1841, age 74. Flavia 
the mother died Feb. 16, 1844, age 82. [Vacant to page 116.] 

Samuel Coomes, son of Richard and Hepsibah Coomes, was born Jan. 
26, 1730, was married May 18, 1761, to Miriam Hale, daughter of Noah 
and Miriam Hale. Their children — Samuel, born Aug. 30, 1761, died 
June 9, 1816. Silence, born Jan. 22, 1765, died Jan. 27 of the same year 
1765. Walter, born April 23, 1766, died Dec. 25, 1842, age 77. Silence, 
born April 17, 1768, died Nov. 7, 1845, age 77. Noah, born Aug. 3, 1770, 
died May 13, 1805. Achsa, born March 10, 1773, died Oct. 3, 1807. 
Moses Newel, born July 16, 1775, died July 10, 1777. Moses Newel, 
born Dec. 9, 1777, died May 28, 1840, age 62. Miriam, born Nov. 6, 1782, 
died April 25, 1796. Samuel the father died Dec. 17, 1795, in his 66th 
year. The mother died April 25, 1796, in her 56th year. 

Samuel Coomes, son of Samuel and Miriam Coomes, was married July 
20, 1792, to Theodocia Coolev, daughter of Samuel and Experience Cooley. 
Their children— Maria, born Nov. 20, 1793, died Aug. 26, 1794. Maria, 
born July 8, 1796. Experience Cooley, born June 24, 1801. Theodocia 
the mother died May 21, 1807. June 10, 1807, the father wished his sec- 
ond Maria to have an addition of Theodocia Cooley to her name, to bear 
the name of her mother. Samuel Cooley died June 9, 1816. 

Walter Coomes, son of Samuel and Miriam Coomes, was married Jan. 
6, 1790, to Flavia Colton, daughter of Festus and Eunice Colton. Their 
children — Sally, born Oct. 6, 1790, died Nov. 15, 1794. Miriam, born 
Feb. 1, 1793. Sally, born Feb. 18, 1796. Walter, born Jan. 2, 1798, 
died June 5, 1843, age 45. Flavia their mother died Aug. 16, 1799. Wal- 
ter the father was married again, Dec. 4, 1799, to Abigail Skinner, of East 
Windsor. Their children — Chauncy Bliss, born Jan. 1, 1801. Flavia 
Colton, born April 25, 1803. Samuel Skinner, born Jan. 12, 1805, died 
Dec. 16, 1866. Achsa, born Aug. 16, 1807. Lucinda, born May 12, 1809. 
Aurelia B., born Dec. 2, 1815, died Nov. 1, 1835. The father died Dec. 
25, 1842. 

[Page 117.] Noah Coomes, son of Samuel and Miriam Coomes, was 
married Jan. 13, 1799, to Mary Colton, daughter of Henry and Mary 
Colton. Their children — Samuel Hale, born Oct. 25, 1799. Henry Burt, 
born Dec. 4, 1800. William, born Oct. 29, 1803. Walter, born Oct. 19, 
1804. Mary, born Jan. 12, 1806. Noah Coomes the father with his wife 
removed to a place called Aurelius, in the county of Cayuga, state of New 
York, where all his children were born except the youngest, and where he 
died May 13, 1805. 

John Coomes, son of John and Midwell Coomes, of Enfield, and grand- 
son of Richard and Hepsibah Coomes, was born Dec. 22, 1762, was mar- 
ried Feb. 23, 1784, to Joanna Colton, daughter of Thomas and Deborah 
Colton. Their children — Horace, born April 5, 1784. Dolly, born Aug. 
9, 1786. Fannie, born Feb. 17, 1789. John, born April 10, 1792, died 
Sept. 23, 1820, age 28. James, born June 26, 1794, died April 4, 1867, 
age 73. Alexander, born June 18, 1796. Dinah, born April 21, 1799. 
Bela, born March 14, 1802. Elias, born April 26, 1806. Lucy D., born 

162 Long meadow Families. [April, 

April 18, 1811. Fannie was married May 18, 1800, to Carlos Nichols, 
of West Springfield. 

[Page 1 18.] Horatio Coomes, of Longmeadow, son of John and Joan- 
na Coomes, was married Aug. 20, 1807, to Ansa B. Amadon, of Wilbra- 
liain. Their children — Horatio, born Oct 81, L807. Edmund, horn Oct. 
L2, 1800. Hannah Coomes, horn Jan. 19, 1812, died Oct 6, 181 1. Alon- 
zo Coomes, born May 28, L81 1. Hannah, born Aug. 1, 1810. died Sept. 
10, 1839. Nathaniel, born April 1, 1819. Delia, born May 1. 1821. 
John Dickenson Dudley, Aug. 21, 1823. Elizabeth, born Dec. 1825, died 
March 10, 1832. Charlotte and George, born Aug. 5, 1828. Adeline, 
born Oct 28,1830. 

Isaac Corkins, of Longmeadow, son of Samuel Williams Corkins and 
Elizabeth his wife, of Stafford, was married Oct. 18, 1801, to Abigail Hale, 
daughter of Thomas and Ann Hale. Their children — Lovice, born Sept. 
10, 1803, married James Col ton. Abigail, born Nov. 22, 180G. Isaac, 
born Oct. 30, 1800. Reuben, born Feb. 21, 1813. Henry Sexton, born 
Feb. 13, 1816. Emeline Calkins, born Sept. 10, 1818. Eliza Ann Cal- 
kins, born Jan. 15, 1821. William, born Sept. 0, 1824. 

Aaron Crane, of Longmeadow, son of Hezekiah . and Rachel Crane, of 
East Windsor, was born May 8, 175G, was married June 16, 1778, to Mary 
Barber, daughter of Thomas and Jane Barber. She was born Aug. 14, 
1754. Their children — Polly, born May 16, 1770. Aaron, born March 
24,1781. Timothy, born Jan. 28, 1783. Ziba, born March if». 1785. 
Eli, born Aug. 3, 1787. Jane, born Dec. 24, 1780. Lucina, born Aug. 
10, 1702. Elihu, born Nov. 17, 1704. Hezekiah, born Feb. 1, 17 
Almira, born July 18, 1700, died Sept. 6, 1808. Aaron the father died 
July 3, 1826, age 70. 

\Page 110.] Edward Crandol, son of Peter and , of Enfield, was 

married April 7, 1757, to Dorcas Bement, daughter of Jonathan and , 

of Enfield. Their children — Edward, bapt. May 15, 1757, died July 2, 
1757. Lucy, born May 21, 1758, died April 12, 1750. Levi, born Feb. 
1, 1760. Lucy, born April 10, 1762, died Jan. 22, 1831, age 60. Still- 
born child, May 4, 1765. Simeon, born May 20, 1766. Mary, born Nov. 
20, 1768. Sarah, born March 5, 1771. Asenah, born Aug. 17, 1773. 
Dorcas the mother died Dec. 29, 1770. Edward the father married again 
to Sarah Brown, of Coventry. He removed to that town. They had one 
child named Ethan, born August, 1786. Edward the father died May, 

Levi Crandol, son of Edward and Dorcas Crandol, was married Jan. 27, 
1701, to Aphia Lad, of Franklin, Conn. He died Nov. 22, 1840. She 
died Feb. 1, 1835. Their children— Oliva, born Nov. 27, 1791, died Feb. 
10, 1838, age 46. Edward, born July 4, 1704, drowned June 26, 1821. 
Simeon and Levi, born Sept. 23, 1706. Simeon died May 14, 17'.'*. Levi 
died April 27, 1708. Levi, born June 3, 1700. Sally. May 30, 1801. 

[Page 120.] Elihu D wight, son of Capt Samuel D wight, was born 
March 22, 1730, and was married to Eunice Ilorton, daughter of John and 
Mary Ilorton, of Springfield. Their children — Oliver, born April 1 1. 17693 
died Aug. 17, L825. John, bom July 12, 1767, died May 23, 1812. Eu- 
niee. born April 15, 1761. Mary, born dan. 81, 1763. Lucy, born Sept. 
10, 1764. Eunice the mother died May L6, 1801. Folly was married to 
Benjamin Powel, July 9, 1788. Elihu Dwight the father died Dec 19 
1810, aged 80 years. 

Oliver Dwight, son of Elihu and Eunice, was married July 2, 17'.'.. to 

1881.] Documents concerning Philip English, 163 

Mehittable Keep, daughter of Mathew and Mehittable Keep. Their child- 
ren— Mchitttable, born Jan. 5, 1798. Oliver, born Aug. 28, 1799. Daniel, 
born April 22, 1802. John, born Sept. 10, 1803. Eunice, born April 6, 
1807, died Sept. 29, 1813. Henry, born Feb. 27, 1810. Norman Dwight, 
born Jan. 30, 1815. Oliver the father died Aug. 17, 1825. [Vacant to 
page 122.] 

[To be continued.] 


Communicated by Stanley Waters, A.M., of Salem, Mass. 

THE following documents are from [the Massachusetts State 
Archives, vol. xi. 

The pet n to Hon. Lieut. Gov. Dummer of Mass. Bay, of David Mossom 
Clerk, Minister of the Church of England in Marblehead in behalf of Phi- 
lip English humbly sheweth, 

That the said Philip English having as frequently as he could from the 
first erecting the church at Marblehead resorted to the Public "Worship of 
God at the said Church of which sufficient prof has been made to me by 
the Testimony of many Persons before I had the Charge of said Church and 
from my becoming Minister thereof for more than six years past, upon my 
own knowledge do declare that he the said Philip English has (during the 
Sumer season especially) frequently come to Church .... and the 
Reasons of his not coming so constantly as his Inclinations led him was 
the utter impossibility of getting over the ferry on the Lord's day, notwith- 
standing which he the said Philip English was three weeks since committed 
Prisoner to his Maj tys Goal in Salem, and is to this day there closely con- 
fined for non payment of an assessment made for the support of the minis- 
ter of said Town of Salem he in his defence declaring to the collectors 
that he belonged to the Church at Marblehead and contributed to the sup- 
port of the minister thereof, and of myself I would further observe to your 
honour that the Collectors having not exacted this Rate of him for five years 
past, no probable Reason can be assigned for their surceasing it but the pre- 
sumption that he did belong to the Church at Marblehead, &c. &c. 

Boston, Feb. 11, 1724. 

Jane English at present of Salem but born in the Isle of Jersey, of full 
age testifyeth & deposeth, that from my arrival in New England live years 
and six months since, having lived in the house of my uncle M r Philip 
English of Salem, he always professed himself to belong to the Church of 
England at Marblehead, and that he and I went very frequently together 
to the said Church, I having been in full Comunion with the Church in 
Jersey, entered into the same with the church there, & the only thing which 
prevented our constant going, if in health, was the want of a ferry boat on 
the Lords (day) over the River. 

Salem Fe ry 9 : 1724-5. 

Thomas White ferryman between Marblehead & Salem aged twenty 
(seventy ?) nine years testifieth & saith that I have often heard Mr. Philip 
English of Salem, for the space of six years or more last past declare that 

164 Bowdoin Papei [April, 

he would go t<» the Church of England at Marbleh< tier than lie did if 

be could and therefore was desirous of agreeing with me to carry him o\ 
the ferrj by the year as often as winds & weather would permit, but I re- 
fused tending the ferry on the Lord's day. 
Salem Feb. 9, 1724-5. 

John Abbot of Salem Bhoreman aged seventy years testifyetfa and depo- 
sethThal during my acquaintance of many years with M r Philip English of 
Salem who is now a Prisoner in the Baid Town Goal, I have heard him the 
said English declare, that he was bred ^v born in the Comunion of the 
Church of England, and that he would go to no other publick worship 
willingly, and if he had opportunity to go to a Church agreeable to which 
when the Church was erected at Marblehead, he the said English & I have 
frequently gone thither together from that Time down to this, and further 
there lying a ferry between this Town and Marblehead, over which the 
ferryman could by no means be prevailed upon to carry us every Lo 
day. he the said English has several times spoke to me to be partner with 
him in a P>oat that we might go thither constantly to Church. 

Salem Feb ry 9 : 1724-5. Joux Abbot. 

The result of this petition was the writing of "Letters to Coll. 
Brown & Coll. Turner, Feb. f2, 1724-5," one of which ran — 


This is by Order of the Honble. the L* Gov r & Council to desire you 
would use your best Endeavours to have the Amur of Mr. English speedily 
compromised & the Man discharged from his Imprisonment : Wch the 
Board apprehend of great Consequence to the General Interest of this 
Province, And that a very ill use will be made of the Proceedings against 
him unless he have some speedy redress. 

I am w th g* Respect Sir, 

Y x humble Serv*. 


Communicated by Stanley Waters, A.M., of Salem, Mas?. 

rpiIE following documents I found some twenty years ago in an 
JL early volume of the Essex Registry of Deeds. 

They throw some light on the early passage to this country of 
Pierre Boudouin, a Huguenot refugee from Rochclle, the ancestor 
of the Bowdoins, Winthrops and others. 

Salem. Nov. 9,16? 
Know all men by these pr'sents I Peter Bowden in my owne right, A 
as true & lawful] attorney unto John Chadwine being both late <>t" \ e city 
Wexford in Ireland & now residentery in Salem in y* county of 1 
.v colon} <>f'y c Massathusetts in New England, for* in consideration of y° 
full cv just Bume of forty pounds lawful] & currant money oi New England, 
to me in hand paid by Capt John Price, one fourth part John Ruck ond 
fourth part, Lt Thomas Gardner one fourth part, & Charles Bedford one 
fourth part at& before y* signing Beating A delivering of these present! 

1881.] Bowdoin Papers. 165 

wherewith I confess myselfe fully sattisfied contented & payd, have in my 
owne right three quarters & as attorney unto Jno. Chadwine aforesd in his 
right one quarter bargained & sold . . . unto ye aforesd .... 
merchants one barque or small ship of burdhen about twenty tuns, be she 
more or less, caled ye John lately of Dublin & there recorded according to 
instrument baring date in Dublin July 17 th Anno: Dom: 1684, To have & 
to hold ... ye hull of sd. barque or ship, with all her masts, yards, 
riggin, sales, cables, & anchors, with all other appurtenances of any kind 
now belonging unto y e sd. barque or att her first arrival in y e harbour in 
Salem, . . . further I y e sd Bodouin for myselfe & as atturney to 
John Chadeayn aforesaid . . . will give possession. ... I have 
hereunto sett my hand & seale this 2 d November Ann: Dom: 1686, An- 
noque Regni Regis Domini Nostri Jacobi Secundi Secundo. 

Peter Baudouin & a seale. 

Signed, sealed, ...... in ye pr'sence of us. 

Samuell Beadle. 
Robert Bartoll. 

Salem, November 11 th 1686. 
Peter Baudouin personally appearing acknowledged . . . before me 

Bartholomew Gedney, one of his Majesties 
Councill for his Territory & dominion of New England. 

Port Wexford. 

Know yee y l Peter Bodwin merchant hath here laden on hord 

A seale. ye John of Dublin Alie Rambert Mr. for Pensilvania hence : 

nineteene barrells of beef, two tunns of shipp beer two hundred 

w't. of butter, two hundred w't. chees, halfe a hundred w't. can- 

A seale. dies, one barrell peas, one barrell of beanes, twenty hundred w't. 

bread, forty yards frize, for all which his Majesties duties has 

been payed as witness our hands & seals of Office, this sixth day 

of May one thousand, six hundred eighty and six. 1686. 

Richard Nixon 

Custo. M r & Comp*. Caesar Colclough* Coll r . 

To all to whome these pr'sents shall come : 

Sir Humphrey Jarvis Knt. Lord Mayor of y e city of Dublin send greet- 
ing : Know yee & I doe hereby certifie y* John Chadeyne master of ye 
John of Dublin, Peter Arondos & Peter Rolos, mariners, came over from 
France by reason of ye persecution, and by vertue of an act of parliament 
are admitted amongst us as inhabitants of this city, enjoying ye privilidges 
& imunities of free born subjects of this Kingdom. 

Given under my hand & the seall of y e Mayoralty of this city, 6 th July a 

A seale. Humph: Jarvis. 

with this inscription 
Sigillum Maioratus 
Civitatis Dublini. 

* Pronounced " Cokeley " in Wexford I found in 1874. The family burying-ground is 
not far from Tintern Abbey in the same county. 


166 Deposition of Henry Mare. [April, 

Port Dublin. 

Pursuant to an act of Parliament, made in ye 12 th yeare of his Afajestaies 
raigne entituled an act for y* encouraging and encreas of Bhipping & navi- 
gation: whereas it is required thai all forraigne built ships y ft shall be deem- 
ed or have ye benefit of a ship to England, [reland, Wales, or towne of l>ar- 
wick or any of them, shall first be made appear to the officers of y e customs 
of y e next port to the place of his or their aboad, by ye personall oathe of 
ye owners and proprietors thereof, that she doth really belong to them, 
& no part of her doth either directly or indirectly belong to forraigners: 
now Know ye that Peter Bodouin a protestant stranger and made a deni- 
sen of this city of Dublin pursuant to y e act of parliament in y l case made 
and provided, & now inhabitant of ye town of Wexford, came this day be- 
fore us & hath deposed on ye Holy Evangelists y l ye Ship or barque now 
caled ye John of Dublin, whereof John Chadeayne is master, being a for- 
raigne built ship, being twenty tunn burthen or thereabouts, doth wholy & 
solely belong to him ye said Peter Baudouin & that no foraigner hath 
. . . any share or part of her ; wherefore ye sd. ship John of 

Dublin is to be reputed a ship really belonging to Dublin, and is to enjoy 
as much benefit & privilidge as any ship belonging to Ireland : wittness 
our hands & seals of office, this 17 th day July 1684, & in ye thirty-sixth 
yeare of ye raigne of our Soveraigne Lord, Charles ye second, of Englaud 
&c. King. Sylvanus Stireop 

W m Airy D. Sur r Gen'l and 

D. Cust. & Coll r D. Com r 

& a seale. & a seale. 

Salem, November: 15: 1G86. 

I doe acknowledge by these presents, I constiued my atturney Mr. Peter 
Bodouin my friend, and give him power to sold the quart: belonging to me 
of y e good ship called y c John of Dublin, under 30 tunn or thereabout, for 
such price as y e sd. Bodoin shall think fitt, & to receive the money & given 
receipt of it, & I will approved of ye same, in Salem the 15 th of October, 
1686. John Chadeayne & a seall. 

Wittnis pr'sent 
John Baudouin. 

Deposition of Henry Mare. — The following deposition is copied from the Suf- 
folk County Court files : 

Henry Mare aged 38 yeares or thereabouts tcstifieth & saith that I hoard If* Xa- 
thaniell Patten of Dorchester now deceased) say upon his death bed had 
given to his Cousen Benjamin Beale all that at Boston eom'only called by the name 
of Halsys' wharfe & that bee should hane all that bee had at Dorchester alter that 
hec A:, his wife was dead & further this Deponent saith that hee heard m r Nathaniel! 
Patten say that hee would not give to his Consen Thomas Patten nor to his brother 
John Patten any thing of his Estate & further saith not. 

Sworn in Court Feb r - V : 1: 1673 
Attest I. A. C. 

This is a true Coppie of the Original! on file. 

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1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. 167 


Abstract of a Paper read before the New Haven Colony 
Historical Society, June 28, 1875, with some Additions. 

By Prof. Edward E. Salisbury, LL.D., of New* Haven, Conn. 

WHEN, in the year 1821, it had been decided to obliterate from the 
Public Square all traces of the ancient burial-ground of New 
Haven, among the monuments removed to the Cemetery on Grove 
Street, were those, as a contemporaneous document* informs us, of Mr. 
William Diodate and his relict Sarah. To preserve the memory of certain 
interesting facts connected with this name, which have been lately brought to 
light — carrying us back, through England and Switzerland, to the Italy of 
the Middle Ages, the following paper has been prepared. 

It will be proper to begin with bringing together a few items from New 
Haven records, respecting William Diodate himself, lor which we are in- 
debted to researches of the late Henry White, of all New-Havenera of 
recent times the most familiar with the history of \\\-> Dative town. The 
first notice of William Diodate, in our town-records, is in 1717. when a 
deed of land to him, dated April 23, 1717, is recorded. On the 4th of 
March, 1719-20, he purchased half an acre on the corner of Elm and 
Church streets, where the " blue meeting-house" afterwards stood— which he 
sold Jan. 7, 1720-1. He was married' Feb. 16, 1720-1, to Sarah Dunbar, 
daughter of John Dunbar, of New Haven, by his firsl wife, whose name 
is unknown ; and in the month of May following he purchased his home- 
lot, on State street, on the south-west corner of what is now Court street, 
containing \\ acre, with a house and a small barn on it, for £100. In 
1728-0, Feb. 24, he purchased a vacant lot adjoining, next south, contain- 
ing If acre, for £7.3 ; and about the year 17.">o several tracts of ontlands 
were added to his real estate. His will, dated May 26, 1747, with a codi- 
cil dated March 9, 174S-H, was proved on the loth of May. 1751, in which 
year, therefore, he probably died ; for, though the grave-stone of his " relict " 
Sarah, who survived him several years, still exists, f his own has not been 
found, so that the exact death of his death is not ascertained. Thus much is 
an outline of what the town-records tell us with regard to our subject. 
From the records of the First Church of New Haven we also learn that 
he made profession of his Christian faith on the 20th of March, 1735, under 
the ministry of Rev. Joseph Noyes ; and that his wife had joined the same 
church more than twenty years before, on the 10th of April, 1713, several 
years before her marriage ; a tankard which, till within a short time, made 
part of the communion-service of plate owned by the First Church, was her 
gift, and bore her name. 

An item of special interest to us in the will of William Diodate and the 
inventory connected with it, is the following : " Item — all such books as I 

* Proceedings of the City of New Haven in the Removal of Monuments from its An- 
cient Burying Ground, etc.," New Haven, 1822, p. 26. 

t The inscription on her gravestone reads as follows : " In memory of Mrs. Sarah 
Diodate, relict of Mr. William Diodate, who departed this life the 25th of April, 1764, in 
the 75th vear of her age." 

1G8 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

Bhall die p< I off, which shall have the following Lattin words wrote 

in them with my own hand-writing, viz. : ' Usque quo, Domine,' I give and 
devise unto mj said son-in-lavi Mr. Stephen Johnson, to use and improve 

during his natural life, and at his death I give and devise \ K same to my 

grandson Diodate Johnson, to be at his dispose forever." Seventy-six 
volumes, mostly theological works, were thus bequeathed, valued at £20.6.7 

— certainly, in themselves, a remarkable collection of book- for that time, 
fitted to awaken curiosity respecting its possible origin ; and this the more 
when one notices, by the inventory, that among these volumes were " Mr. 
Diodate's Annotations/ 1 and " Le Mercier's History of Geneva."* Could 
it be, one might ask, that the author of those Annotations, the celebrated 
divine of Geneva, of the time of the Reformation, was a relative of our New 
J Iaven testator of the same name? and did William Diodate, one might 
further inquire, make an heirloom of his library, as the words of his will 
imply, not only on account of its being so rarely large for a hundred and 
twenty-five years ago, but also on account of family-associations with it ? and 
was the sentiment, expressed by the motto which he wrote in each volume, au 
inheritance of the spirit of ancestors who had with "long patience" strug- 
gled for freedom of faith, in those times of conflict and peril ? An affirma- 
tive answer to the first of these inquiries, which suggested itself, indeed, 
some time since, to one of the descendants of our William Diodate. but 
which we are now first able to make on satisfactory grounds, almost inevita- 
bly leads to the same reply to all of them. 

It is to be noticed, further, that his residence in the colony of Connecti- 
cut must have dated from a yet earlier period than that of the first appear- 
ance of his name on the town-records of New Haven ; for a copy of Dr. 
Diodati's Annotations, presented to the Collegiate School at Saybrook in 
1715, was his gift: possibly, he may have been drawn to New Haven by 
a hereditary appreciation of academic learning, as well as by the new busi- 
ness-life growing out of the first establishment of the college here ; the 
very year in which he is first heard of in New Haven was that of the re- 
moval of the Collegiate School from Saybrook, and its beginning here, to be 
known — from the next year onward — as Yale College. 

Crossing, now, to the shores of England, whither the personal history of 
this old New- Havener carries us, we take with us, as our chief thread of 
connection, some records, still existing in a Bible which belonged to 
William Diodate in the year 1728, in his own hand-writing, which inform us 
that his father's name was John, and his mother the eldest daughter of John 
Morton, Esq., by Elizabeth, only child of John Wicker, and the wid- 
ow of Alderman Cranne (as we read) of London ; ami that he had a 
brother John, older than himself, and a sister Elizabeth. f In addition to 
these records, we have the accepted family-tradition that, after having been 
in America for some years, without communication with his relatives in the 

* Rev. Andrew Le Mcreier came to this country in 171"). and became the pastor of a 
French Protestant church in Boston. " lu 1732 he published a minute and Interesting his- 
tory of the Genera Church, in five books, L2mo., 200 pages; also, in the same volume, 
• A. Geographical and Political Account of the Republics of Geneva,' 76 pages." See New 
Engl. Hist, and Geneal. Register, xiii. 3l")-'J4. 

t The record Mauds thus: " William Diodate's Book, August 24, 1728. The owners of 
this Bible have been: I. Mr, John Wicker; '1. Alderman Cranne of London, who mar- 
ried his only child ; 3. John Morton, Esquire, her second husband ; t. Mr. John Diodate, 
wlio married his eldest daughter ; .">. John Diodate, M.D., bis eldest son; ti. Elisabeth 
Diodate, bis sister, and by hergiren to 7. William Diodate, her brother, Aug. y e 24, 1728, 
and by him given to his dear and only child [so fur in W, !>.*> band-writing] ; S. El 
beth Diodate, who was married July 26, 1714, to Mr. Stephen Johnston, vi Newark in Est 
Jersie, etc etc." 

1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry, 169 

old country, he at length went back, and found his father and brother had 
died, and that he himself had been supposed to be dead, so that his claims 
to property, as a member of the family, were set aside ; whereupon he ac- 
cepted from his sister, by way of compromise, an offer " to supply his store in 
New Haven with goods as long as she lived," which she did, not only during 
his lifetime, but afterwards, while his widow lived, who continued the busi- 
ness ; and we also have the will of the sister, under her married name of Eliza- 
beth Scarlett, dated Feb. 23, 1768, in which large bequests are made to the 
daughter of her deceased brother in New England and her children. These 
materials for tracing the ancestry of our subject were put into the hands of 
the distinguished American antiquary Col. Joseph L. Chester, long resident 
in London ; who added to them others, of great value, from wills and let- 
ters of administration recorded in Doctors' Commons, and from the records 
of several London Parishes, etc. 

Meanwhile, recourse was had, also, to a branch of the Diodati family 
still residing in Geneva, through the kind intervention of Rev. Dr. Leonard 
W. Bacon, now of Norwich, Conn., formerly a sojourner in that city — 
which led to the discovery there of a large mass of most interesting family- 
papers, distinctly showing the Diodatis to have been an old Italian family, 
tracing back their history to Lucca, in the Middle Ages, and marking the 
race as one of high rank, in all its generations, with so many individual 
names of distinction belonging to it as have rarely appertained to a single 
family ; preserving, too, in honor, the memory of an English offset, though 
without knowledge of the American branch. We owe the privilege of using 
these papers chiefly to Mr. Gabriel C. Diodati, of Geneva, who most 
courteously met and furthered the inquiries of our friend Mr. Bacon, be- 
sides assisting us otherwise. This friend also sent us a Life of John Dio- 
dati (Vie de Jean Diodati, Theologien Genevois, 1576-1649) by E. de 
Bude, Lausanne, 1869 — from which we have derived further aid in tracing 
William Diodate's descent. We have drawn, also, from a Dutch mono- 
graph : Jean Diodati, door Dr. D. G. J. Schotel, 's Gravenhage, 1844, to 
which De Bude refers for details, which is, evidently, the basis of his own 
publication, and for which the author had the use of family-papers. David 
L. Gardiner, P^sq., connected with the Diodati family by his marriage, 
lately a resident of Geneva, now of New Haven, has also aided our 

Our information from all sources harmonizes so satisfactorily that no 
essential fact would seem to be wanting. But the settlement of the nearer 
ancestry of our subject is mainly due to a happy combination suggested by 
Col. Chester. 

The most ancient records of the Diodatis tell us that the first of their 
race who settled in Lucca, Cornelio by name, came there from Coreglia in 
the year 1300.* Whether he came as one of the nobility, or the old landed 
proprietors, to throw the weight of his influence on that side, in the great 
strife for power in the Italian cities, between those who held the soil and 
those whose claims to consideration were based only on the possession of 
wealth acquired by commerce, we are not informed. But, inasmuch as within 
the last twenty years of the 13th century, according to Sismondi,f that strife 
for power had ended with the absolute exclusion of the nobility from all 

* Corejdia is a small castle-town with dependent territory, on the torrent-worn declivity- 
of the Appenines, about twenty miles north of Lucca : s. Repetti, Dizion. Geogr. Fisico.' 
Storico del a Toscana, i. 796 ff. 

t Histoire des Republiques Italiennes du Moyen Age, iv. 164. 

VOL. XXXV. 15* 

170 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

control in the republics of Italy ; and as we find the representative of the 
fourth generation of Diodatu of Lucca, named Michele, to have been an 
Ancient, or one of the Supreme Signoria, four times Gonfalonier, i. a the 
Chief Magistrate of the republic, and a Decemvir in 1370 (the v.-rv 
year of a revival of popular liberty iii Lucca, after fifty-si* yean of servi- 
tude through the prevalence of the Ghibelline party), while his father, 
All i88andn >, seems to be remembered only as a physician — the probability 
is that what led to the original settlement of tin- family in Lucca was no 
ambition to assert prescriptive right, but rather that oew sense of widening 
opportunity for the improvement of one's condition and culture, which then 
animated Italian city-life, and was destined, under the favoring circum- 
stances of the age, to bring upon the theatre of history all those names 
which have added most to the glory of Italy in art and learning. 

The year 1300, indeed, is memorable not only as marking an important 
political and social crisis, but as a noteworthy epoch in the history of Ita- 
lian architecture, painting and poetry. From 1204 to 1.'300, the year in 
which he died, Arnolfo was directing the construction of the Santa Maria 
del Fiore, the cathedral-church of Florence, of which the dome was after- 
wards completed by Brunelleschi ; about the year 1300, Andrea Pisano 
was at work on his gates of the Baptistery of Pisa ; Giotto, too, was pass- 
ing from his shepherd-life, to carry into the art of painting a new inspira- 
tion derived from converse with simple nature ; and that same year was the 
time when Dante wended his way amid the soul-harrowing and soul-absorb- 
ing scenery of the regions of the dead. Evidently, the age was preeminent 
for intellectual movement ; and it is not a little interesting to associate with 
this movement, as we so naturally may, the coming in of our Diodatis to take 
part in the city-life of Lucca, who were, in generations to come, not only 
there but in foreign lands, to prove themselves an eminently stirring race, 
by public services, literary, professional, civil, military and diplomatic, in 
eminent positions in State aud Church, almost always on the side of liberty 
and truth. 

Passing over the son of the Decemvir of 1370, Dr. Nicole Diodati, who 
died in 1442, we come to a generation of fifteen children of his. by mar- 
riage with Francesca di Poggio, among wdiom the third by birth, named 
Michele, born in 1410, who married Caterina Buonvisi, was a professor in 
Padua and Pisa — probably of medicine, and afterwards a physician in 
Lucca, where he was pensioned on 300 livres by the city : and another, 
Antonio, born in 141 G, held the office of Ancient, and was Gonfalonier in 

The race seems to have been continued only through Alessandro, son of 
the Professor Michele, born in 1459 ; his son Geronimo, born in 1465, who 
was an eminent literary man, and nine times Ancient, having died childless, 
and no descendants of his third son, Antonio, who was three times Ancient 
and four times Gonfalonier, being named. Alessandro was repeatedly Gon^ 
falonier from 1494; the mother of his children was Angela Balbani, whom 
he married in 1510, she being then fifteen years old, and he fifty-one. 
Now began those encroachment^ upon the fair domain of liberty and culture 
in Italy by foreign powers, which culminated in the overthrow i>f Italian 
independence under the Emperor Charles 5th in the middle of the L6th 
century. But with this new political influence from beyond the Alps there 
came, also, the seeds of evangelical truth; and u in the first half y^\' the 
16th century," by the blessing of Grod upon the zealou> labors i^i the eru- 
dite and devout Peter Martyr Yennigli, says De Bude, "no city of Italy 

1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. 171 

counted so many devoted evangelical Christians as the capital of the repub- 
lic of Lucca ; " # and a reformed church was founded there, which the Dio- 
dati family was known to favor, though, apparently, without an open de- 
parture from the old fold until a somewhat later period. 

In 1541, the Emperor Charles 5th and Pope Paul 3d had their memora- 
ble interview at Lucca on the affairs of Germany, the emperor being then 
in the mood to favor Protestantism for his own ambition's sake ; when Mi- 
chele Diodati, one of several sons of the last named Alessandro, born in 
1510, was Gonfalonier, and, as the family-tradition runs, lodged the empe- 
ror in his palace, i. e. the palace of the Signoria. Just then was born to 
the chief magistrate of the republic his third son, by his wife Anna, daugh- 
ter of Martino Buonvisi ; the emperor, continues the tradition of the family, 
stood godfather to this child, baptized by the pope, and gave him his own 
name, together with the lordship of two counties, and a quartering from 
the imperial arms, and, on his departure, left behind him for the child one 
of his insignia of diamonds which he wore about his neck.| This Carolo 
Diodati was sent in his youth to Lyons, to serve an apprentisage in one of 
the banking-houses of the Buonvisi, his mother's family ; became a fre- 
quenter of the reformed preaching there, and at heart a Protestant ; but 
the massacre of St. Bartholomew drove him out of France, and he took 
refuge in Geneva, where he was tenderly received and entertained by the 
pastor of the church of Italian refugees, already established there, Nicolo 
Balbani, was admitted into the church, became a citizen of Geneva on the 
29th of December, 1572, and contracted a second marriage with Marie 
daughter of Vincenzo Mei,$ by whom he had four sons, Joseph, Theodore, 
Jeau and Samuel, and three daughters, Anne, Marie and Madeleine. 

* De Bude, p. 10. 

t In J. B. Rietstap's Armorial General, Gondo, 1861, we find the following : " Deodati 
— Lucques, Suisse, Neerl. Part: au 1 de gu. un lion d'or; au 2 fasce d'or et de gu. ; C: le 
lion, iss. ; D: Deus dedit." A family-document preserved at Geneva informs us with re- 
spect to Giulio Diodati, grandson of a brother of that Michele who entertained the Empe- 
ror Charles in his palace, that " L'Empereur [Ferdinand 2d] pour reconnoitre les grands 
et importants services qu'il lui avait rendus, le fit comte, et que, si'l ne se marioit pas, le 
titre passeroit a ses collateraux, et permit a la famille d'augmenter leurs armes d'une dou- 
ble aigle Imperiale " — forming, accordingly, the background and crest in a blazon of the 
Diodati arms which is attached to a Patent of Joseph 2d, presently to be mentioned. An 
older coat, identical with Rietstap's description, except that the left of the shield, in he- 
raldic language, is barry of six pieces, instead of fesse or and gules, is still to be seen, in 
stone, over the door of a palace in Lucca, now known as the Orsetti, which must, there- 
fore, have been the old home of the family ; and the point of difference here indicated may 
show, perhaps, what was the quartering granted by Charles 5th. The family in Geneva, at 
the present time, use the arms of which an engraving is given with this paper, substan- 
tially the same with the blazon in the Patent of Joseph 2d, though slightly differing from 
that in the execution of details, and believed by the family to be so far more correct: the 
terms of the grant to Giulio Diodati by Ferdinand 2d would seem to authorize any 
branch of the family to use the imperial double eagle as part of their arms. 

% From a note already printed in the Register for April, 1878, is extracted the following 
account of the Mei family, given by one of the family of May. 

" The Mey family of Lucca is entirely alien to us, as is easily proved by the difference of 
name (theirs being Mey or Mei, ours dei Maggi) and of origin (they coming from Lucca, 
we from Brescia), by the different coats of arms (their escutcheon being divided into two 
parts, the upper of deep blue, the lower of deep yellow, with a hunted wild-boar in the 
middle), and by the entire absence of associations. . . . There came from the Republic 
of Lucca [in January, 1735] a document signed by the Grand Chancellor, which contained 
the testimony of the Government of Lucca that the Mei family was counted as one of the 
nobility, that several members of it had been Grand Councillors, Ancients and Gonfalo- 
niers, among others, Blaise, Laurence, Emile and Philippe. It was added that on the 21st 
of January, 1628, there had been made a catalogue of the noble families of Lucca, in which 
the Meis were included. . . . The Mei family expatriated itself fram Lucca in the middle 
of the sixteenth century, for religion's sake. Biagio (Blaise) Mei established himself in 
1544 as a merchant at Lyons. His son Vincenzo, married to a daughter of Martino 
Bernardini, came to Geneva in 1550, together with one of his relatives named Cesare, who 

17l' William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

Bat, before we jiiirMic the fortunes of this branch of the family, which 
especially interests as, on account of descendants of the name in Eng- 
land and America, three other lines claim our notice. First, Michele 
the Gonfalonier of L541 had a brother Nicol6, born in 1512, who 
married Blisabeta daughter of Geronimo Arnolfini, and by her had a son, 
Pompeio, born in L542, "qui Pompeins" to quote a family-document 

" Catholica jiejerata I-'ide, (ieiievam se contulit." Pompeio WM married 
in Italy to Laura daughter of Giuliano Calandrini. and settled at Genera 
with his wife and mother in lf>75* all having previously joined the 
reformed congregation which originated at Lucca under Peter .Martyr, 
and having been compelled to quit their native land, with other families, by 
the new zeal of Piua 5th in league with Philip 2d.f As to the descend- 
ants of Pompeio Diodati, beside a son Eli, who became an eminent jurist, 
he had a son Alessandro, who vras a distinguished physician, at one 
time physician in ordinary to Louis 13th of France, who himself had 
a son Jean, and a grandson Gabriel; and in 1719 this Gabriel re- 
ceived from Louis loth, " by the grace of God King of France aud 
Navarre," a patent still preserved in the family, recognizing the Diodatis 
as one of the most ancient and noble families of Lucca, which for several 
centuries had held the honors and dignities peculiar to nobility, and allied 
itself with noble families in Lucca and Geneva, without having ever dero- 
gated from its dignity ; and empowering them, accordingly, to hold certain 
lands in the Pays de Gex, which tli2y could not enjoy without the royal 
grant. Possibly these lands are the same, or in part the same, which, as 
we shall see, had been bequeathed by a grandson of the namesake of Charles 
5th, who had died thirty-nine years before, a bachelor, to whichever of his 
nephews should go to Geneva to live : neither of them having fulfilled this 
condition, and his will not having provided for the case, the bequest lapsed ; 
and a royal grant may have been, consequently, applied for, in favor of a 
collateral branch of the family- In the latter half of the last century, 

had been of the Grand Council of Lucca from 1544 to 1548, and twice acted as Ancient. The 
wife of Cesare was named Pellegrina Galganetti. In 1560 Vincenzo Mei became a citizen 
of Geneva, where other families of Lucca, the Torrettini, Micheli, Bnrlamachi and the Pas- 
savanti, had settled contemporaneously with the Meis. Lucca had been for >ome time the 
last refuge of the Gospel in Italy, am! it was from this city that the Jesuits drove away the 
families that maintained the most independence, and which were, in part, also of the 
noblest stocks of Italy. Vincenzo Mei became a member of the Grand Council of Geneva 
in 1568. Horatio was one of his six children, who, on the 1st of January, 1596, wis called 
to Berne to make an attempt to establish the silkworm in the Canton de Vaud. This same 
Horatio is reckoned among the celebrities of Lvons as a merchant or manufacturer of silk 
stuffs ; I think he was also made a citizen of Berne. After some time the Meis became 
extinct in Geneva ; the last of the name in Lucca, of the male line, Ornofrio, bishop of 
Bisignano, died in 1664." 

The Vincenzo Mei here named is doubtless the father of Marie M. who was married to 
Carolo Diodati. 

* Schotel, p. 125. 

t "The emigrations began from the year 1555. They were favored bv the habit of trav- 
elling, at different times in the year, to which the Liiccans were compelled bv their multi- 
plied commercial relations. Among the first to exile themselves were Vmcei. M 
rhilippo Rustic!, Paolo Arnolfini, Nicolb Balbani, Francesco Micheli, Maria Ma/zei, 

Cbristoforo Trenta, Guglielmo Balbani, Scipione Calandrini, Vincenso del Murat ri, and 
their families, who were followed successively by Paolo Blinntoli, Simone Simoni, 
Salratore Pranceschi, Antonio Liena, Giuseppe Jova and Virginio Sbarra. The BuonrU i, 

the Diodatis, the Saladinis, the Ccnamis, the Turrctini, ami many Others, did not leave 
till later." — Kvnard. Lucca ct lei Burlamacrhi, Parte, 1848, p. 95. This writer well add*, 

p. 202: " In exiling her children Lucca degraded hersell just in proportion as Genera was 

exalted in opening to them her Kates, The lite of the one ot these two republic 
to pa^ into that of the other. The cardinal GiuliO Spinola, bishop o{' Lucca, was him- 
self alarmed at thi^ decadence, when in 1679 he wrote to theLuccan refugees in Genera, 

to beg them to return to their country." 

1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry, 173 

however, a lineal descendant of one of those nephews built the castle of 
Vernier, in the bailiwick of Gex — probably, therefore, on the Gex estate 
of the Diodatis, which, at his death, was sold, and soon after passed, by a 
second sale, to the Naville family, who hold it now. The builder of the 
Diodati villa, a little way up lake Leman from Geneva, which was occupied 
by Lord Byron, and is still in the family, was a Gabriel Diodati, probably 
the same who received this grant from Louis 15th. The line of direct 
descent from Pompeio Diodati came to an end, by the death of Count Jean 
Diodati, in 1807.* 

Next is to be noted, that Pompeio Diodati had a brother Nicold, who, in 
the family-records, appears as having attained to high dignities under the 
new order of things in Italy (though at one time, apparently, an emigrant 
to Geneva for religion's sake),f and had, beside many other children, two 
sons, Giovanni and Giulio, of whom the former became a Knight Templar 
and Prior of Venice, and the latter a " Summus Copiarum Praefectus," or 
Major General, of the Emperor Ferdinand 2d, the Catholic, the leader of 
the Catholic party in the beginning of the Thirty Years' War, as appears- 
from the inscription on a monument in the Church of St. Augustiue in 
Lucca. This branch of the family, also, is now extinct. 

Another branch of the family which retained its hold upon the old home 
in Italy, and possessed a long inheritance of worldly honors, came of Otta- 
viano Diodati, a brother of the namesake of the Emperor Charles 5th, born 
in 1555, who married, at Genoa, Eleonora di Casa Nuova. He himself 
was Gonfalonier in 1G20 ; his son, Lorenzo, held the same dignity in 1651 ; 
his grandson Ottaviano, in 1G69; his great-grandson Lorenzo was repeat- 
edly Gonfalonier and minister to various European courts ; his great-great- 
grandson Ottaviano, having been, first, in holy orders, was afterwards Sena- 
tor and Ancient ; and the son of this last Ottaviano, another Lorenzo, was 
" Praefectus Militum," or General, to Charles 3d of Spain, whose reign 
covered the years from 1759 to 1788. During the sixteenth century the- 
republic of Lucca still maintained its independence, but under a republican 
form of government aristocracy ruled ; the seventeenth century, under the 
malign influence of Spanish absolutism, was a time of universal moral, 
intellectual and political death to Italy, which Lucca could not escape by 
attempting, as she did, to hide herself from observation under an enforced 
silence, with a law forbidding the publication of any facts of her history ; 
and the same reserve and withdrawal from all active concern for the na- 
tional honor, was even more marked as the eighteenth century came and 
passed 4 Such are the historical facts in the light of which the honors of 
the Diodatis during this period are to be interpreted. The generalship 
under Charles 3d of Spain is also significant, as showing that one of the 
family, at that time, was ready to sacrifice even what little remained of the 
life of his country to the will of the alien oppressor. The second Lorenzo* 
of this branch had also, already, allied himself with Spain, for his wife was 
Isabella daughter of a noble Catalan named Bellet. In this connection 
may be mentioned, further, that " there is in the possession of the family 

* This Count Diodati was born in 1732, and is doubtless the " Count Deodati, ambassa- 
dor from the Elector of Saxony," who had an interview with John Adams at Paris, in 
1784, in which he warned him of the ingratitude of republics, ending with the words: 
" Your virtue must be very heroical, or your philosophy very stoical, to undertake all those 
adventures, with your eyes open, for such a reward." Evidently, he had lost the patriotic 
traditions of his family.— See Works of John Adams, ix. 614-15. 

t De Bude, p. 116 ; and Schotel, p. 7. 

X Hist. d. Republ. Ital., xvi. 207 ff., 220, 274, 284 ff. 

174 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

[in Geneva] a superb folio, bound in crimson velvet, of fourteen pages of 
vellum, with the imperial seal of Joseph 2d [176">- ( J0] hanging from it in 
a gilt box, which recites the dignities of the Diodati family in magnifi- 
cent terms, and confirms to it the title of Count of the Empire. One 
of the pages is occupied with a fine illumination of the family-arms, the 
shield being placed on the imperial eagle.* 

Returning, now, to take up the thread of our story where we dropped it, 
at the mention of the names of the children of Carolo Diodati, the name- 
sake of the Emperor Charles 5th — as to his daughters, they allied them- 
selves, severally, with the families Burlamaqui, OfFredi and Pellissari, all 
doubtless fellow-exiles with the Diodatis ; and that is all we know of the 
female line of Carolo's posterity. Of the sons we are told of the fortunes of 
only two, Theodore and Jean. Theodore Diodati, born in 1574 at Geneva, 
being educated as a physician, went early to England, where he is heard of, 
says Professor Masson, in his introduction to Milton's Latin Elegies, " as 
living, about the year 1609, near Brentford, in professional attendance on 
Prince Henry, and the Princess Elizabeth [afterwards Queen of Bohe- 
mia]."! He received the degree of Doctor of Medicine at Leyden, Oct. 
6, 1615, and was admitted a Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians 
in London, Jan. 24, 1616-17. He became an eminent practitioner, " much 
among persons of rank," residing in London, apparently, to the age of 
seventy-six, his burial having been in the parish-church of St. Bartholo- 
mew the Less, Feb. 12, 1650-1. "The naturalized London physician," 
says Masson, " is to be fancied, it seems, as a cheery, active veteran, with 
courtly and gallant Italian ways to the last."t He was twice married, 
first to an English " lady of good birth and fortune," by whom he had 
three children ; and afterwards to another English lady, who brought him 
" goods and estate," survived him, and was his executrix. The children 
of Dr. Diodati were Philadelphia, buried at St. Anne's, Blackfriars, Aug. 
10, 1638 ; John, "mentioned," as Col. Chester says, "in the will of Eliz- 
abeth Cundall (widow of Henry Cundall, the partner of Burbage in the 
Globe Theatre), dated September, 1635 ;" and Charles, the well-known 
youthful companion and bosom-friend of Milton, whose life and charactei 
are delineated, in connection with those of Milton, in so very interesting 
manner, by means of the joint researches of Professor Masson and Col. 
Chester, in the former's Life of Milton and in his edition of Milton's Poet- 
ical Works ; to whom Milton addressed two of his Latin sonnets, and wh( 
was the subject of his Epitaphium Damonis. Specially note-worthy, ii 
the relations of the two friends, is the contrast between Milton's studious 
gravity and the blithesome cheerfulness of Diodati, whom " one fancies,' 
says Masson, "as a quick, amiable, intelligent youth, with something oi 
his Italian descent visible in his face and manner."§ This Charles " was 
born about 1609," says Col. Chester, "as he was matriculated at Oxford, 
from Trinity College, Feb. 7, 1622-3, aged thirteen at his last birth-day :"' 
and to the same diligent antiquary we owe the discovery of the date of his 
death, in August, 1638, his burial having been at St. Anne's. Blackfriars, 
Aug. 27, 1638, only seventeen days after that of his sister. "Letters of 

* Letter of Rev. L. \V. Bacon, dated Feb. 18. 1875. A beautiful photograph-copy of this 
patent of nobility is in the possession of the writer. The patent i> dated at Vienna, Octo- 
ber l. l ::;:*. 

f '1 he Poetical Works of John Milton, ed. . . . by David Masson, ii. 324. 

t David Masson'ss Life of John Milton, ii. 81, note. 

$ Ibid. i. 80. 

1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry, 175 

administration on his estate, in which he is described as a bachelor, were 
granted to his brother John in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Oct. 
3, 1638." John (grandfather of our William), the brother of Charles, was 
married at St. Margaret's, Westminster, July 28, 1635, to Isabel Under- 
wood, who died and was buried in June, 1638, leaving a son Richard, who 
was baptized June 29 of the same year. Philadelphia and Charles, though 
unmarried at the time of their death, were not living with their father, but, 
as Col. Chester has shown, at a " Mr. Dollam's" in Blackfriars; which is 
explained by the supposition of a family-feud consequent upon the second 
marriage of their father, a fact plainly enough alluded to, indeed, in one 
of the Latin letters of Milton addressed to his friend in 1G37: " quod, nisi 
bellum hoc novercale vel Dacico vel Sarmatico infestius sit, debebis pro- 
fecto maturare, ut ad nos saltern in hyberna concedas."* Nor is there any 
child, or grandchild, named in the will of the old physician, who makes a 
nephew Theodore his residuary legatee ; so that either all his direct de- 
scendants had died before him, or he carried the family-quarrel with him 
to his grave; and the latter appears to be the fact. In England, it may 
be well to mention, the family-name was variously corrupted, being written 
as Deodate, Dyodat and Diodate, which last is the American form. 

Another son of the namesake of Charles 5th was the Rev. Jean Diodati, 
born in Geneva in 1576, whose home was in that city during the whole of 
his life of seventy-three years, but whose fame and influence were all over 
Europe while he lived, and of a nature not to perish with the lapse of time, 
like those honors which fell, as we have seen, to others of his race. The 
main points in his life, and his principal works, have been often noticed ; 
yet with less of living portraiture of character than could be desired, ex- 
cept in the recent publication of De Rude, of which the title has been 
already given. His education was in the Academy of Geneva, under such 
men as Beza and Casaubon, and so rapid was his progress that he became 
a doctor of theology before the age of nineteen, and soon after succeeded 
Casaubon as professor of Hebrew, and in the old age of Beza assisted to 
fill his place. Already in the year 1603, when he was only twenty-seven 
years old, he presented to the Venerable Company of Pastors of Geneva 
his Italian version of the Bible, a work which was highly esteemed by his 
most learned contemporaries, and has never yet been superseded. | 

But Jean Diodati was far from beinsj a man of learning alone : he had 
too much of Italian fervor of temperament, and was too deeply imbued 
with the Christian spirit, not to wish to take a part in spreading the faith 
which he could not but nourish by the study of the Scriptures ; and his 
attention was most naturally directed, in a special manner, to his beloved 
native land. Venice was the outpost which he aspired to take possession 
of for the cause of Reform, where a great hostility to the Papal See, in 
consequence of the excommunication of the Republic by Paul 5th, the 
potent influence, though secret, of the celebrated Fra Paolo Sarpi, the en- 
couragement of the English ambassador Wotton, and other circumstances, 
seemed to have opened the way. More or less, during the years from 1605 

* Charles Symmons's Prose Works of John Milton, vi. 117. 

f Diodati seems to have spared no labor to perfect his work in successive editions : the 
younger Buxtorf wrote of him that his authority as an interpreter of Scripture had great 
weight, inasmuch as he was chiefly occupied, all his life, " in examinando sensu textus 
sacri, atque Bibliis vertendis :" s. Schotel, p. 21 ; and the English editor of his Annotations, 
in 1651, said that " in polishing and perfecting them, in severall editions, he hath laboured 
ever since " he first finished them. 

176 William Diodate and Ids Italian Ancestry. [April, 

to 1 G 1 0, our Dio(l:iti was engaged in this enterprise, and in that time ho 
twice visited Venice in person. His plans, however, failed, and ire refer to 
the undertaking more for the light which it, throws upon the character of 
the man than for any historical importance attaching to it. Between him- 
self ami Sarpi (of whom he says, evidently with impatience, that his "in- 
comparable learning was diluted with such a scrupulous prudence, and so 

little enlivened and sharpened by fervor of spirit, although accompanied hy 

a very upright and wholly exemplary life," that he judged him incapable 

of any boldness of action, to effect an entrance for the truth), there would 
appear to have been little affinity of spirit. Yet his enterprise and cour- 
age were not the fruit of inconsiderate self-confidence. " I shall be very 
careful," lie wrote to Du Plessis Mornay, in France, with respect to his 
plans for Venice, w not to oppose a barrier to the very free operation of the 
Divine Spirit, either by the consideration of my own incapacity, or by ap- 
prehension of any danger. I am sure that God. who beyond my hopes 
and aspirations used me in the matter of His Scriptures, so opportunely 
for this great work, with happy success, as the judgments of diverse distin- 
guished persons, and your own among others, lead me to believe, will also 
give me a mouth, and power and wisdom, if need be, to serve in these pa 
for the advancement of His kingdom and the destruction of great Babylon." 

On his return for the last time from Venice, Jean Diodati was first for- 
mally consecrated to the ministry of the Word, for which there is reason 
to believe he was especially fitted. k, IIis eloquent voice," it has been said. 
" his impressive delivery, and his profound convictions, produced such 
an effect upon his numerous hearers that they were strengthened in their 
belief, corrected in their conduct, renovated in their sentiments;" and 
though it was " not without many apprehensions and much awe," as he 
wrote to Du Plessis Mornay, that he assumed the responsibility of a preach- 
er, yet, as such, he was ever distinguished by a noble boldness, which 
Innocent 10th is said to have felt the force of, to his own correction, on the 
report of a sermon of Diodati, in which he had declared the Church of 
Koine to be scandalously governed by a woman, meaning Donna Olympia. 

One of the chief marks of distinction received by our Genevese divine, 
and which is next to be noticed in the order of time, was his appointment, 
jointly with Tronchin, to represent Geneva at the Synod of Dort, in 1618— 
19; and here he comes before us in a somewhat new light. There had 
been doubt about inviting any delegates from the chief seat of Calvinistia 
doctrine, to avoid an appearance of partiality in calling them to take part 
in judging of the orthodoxy of the Remonstrants ; nor could there have 
been chosen two men less disposed to any compromise in matters of theo- 
logical opinion, apparently, than our Diodati and his colleague. Neither 
that tenderness of sympathy for errorists, nor that broader mental habit of dis- 
crimination between the essential and the unessential, which we have reason 
to suppose belonged to Diodati by nature and through the influence of his 
special training in Biblical study, seems to have preserved him from a cer- 
tain hardneS8 of resistance to the plea for toleration, or at leasl lor a liberal 
and charitable judgment, without prejudice, of those who could not conscien- 
tiously swear by Calvin. Such is the view which Brandt's '• History of the 
Reformation and other Ecclesiastical Transactions in and about the 1. 

Countries," gives us of Diodati as he appeared at the Synod of Dort. 

From Dort, Diodati went to England, doubtle88, in part, to visit his 
brother Theodore. 

From MasSOD we learn, further, that "besides his celebrity as professoi 

1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. Ill 

of theology, city-preacher, translator of the Bible into Italian, and author 
of several theological works, Diodati was celebrated as an instructor of 
young men of rank sent to board in his house. About the year 1630," 
he adds, " there were many young foreigners of distinction pursuing their 
studies in Geneva, including Charles Gustavus, afterwards king of Sweden, 
and several princes of German Protestant houses, and some of these appear 
to have been among Diodati's private pupils."* We only mention further, 
as included in this period, that Milton, in 1639, on his return from Italy, 
to use his own words, was " daily in the society of John Diodati, the most 
learned professor of theology,"! from whom he probably first heard of the 
death of his friend Charles, the nephew of the divine. The death of the 
Rev. Jean Diodati occurred in 1649. 

This distinguished divine married Madeleine daughter of Michel Burla- 
maqui,:!: at Geneva, in Dec, 1600 ; by whom he had nine children, five sons 
and four daughters. Of the sons, who alone concern us here, one was Theo- 
dore, made Doctor of Medicine at Leyden, Feb. 4, 1643, and admitted 
Honorary Member of the Royal College of Physicians of London in De- 
cember, 1664; who resided in London, though not, as it seems, in the prac- 
tice of his profession, but as a merchant : in the letters of administration 
on his estate, granted July 24 1680, he is called " Doctor in Medicine and 
Merchant." He had no children, and bequeathed most of his property — 
including two estates " in the bailiwick of Gex, one in the village and 
parish of Fernex, the other in the village and parish of Vernier, within 
a league of Geneva," reserving a life-interest in the real estate to a 
sister Renee — to three nephews named Philip, John and Ralph ; with 
these provisos, however : " if either revolt from the Reformed Religion 
in which he was brought up, I disinherit him," and " if all said neph- 
ews die without issue, then my estate to go to build a hospital for poor 
strangers at Geneva." The real estate was to pass, eventually, to 
whichever one of his nephews should go to Geneva to live, of whom he 
mentions Ralph as most likely so to do ; and the property must not be 
sold, but kept in the family. We also find the following item in his will : 
" There is also at Geneva, in my sister Renee Diodati her keeping, a copy 
of the French Bible of the translation of my deceased father, reviewed 
and enlarged by him with divers annotations, since the former copy which 
was printed before his death, which I doe esteeme very much, and I will 

* Massou's Life of Milton, i. 778. 

t Ibid. 

% A granddaughter of the Francesco B. who conspired to liberate the republics of Tus- 
cany in 1546, and sacrificed his life to his patriotism : s. Hist. d. Republ. Ital., xvi. 128 flf., 
and Schotel, pp. 11-12. 

She had a sister Renee— so named by the celebrated Renee Duchess of Ferrara, who was 
her godmother — who married, first, Cesar Balbani, and, afterwards, Theodore Agrippa 
d'Aubigne, the grandfather of Frangoise d'Aubigne Marchioness de Maintenon: s. Schotel, 
pp. 12, 92. Jean Jacques Burlamaqui, author of the well-known " Principes dc la Loi Natu- 
relle et Politique," was a cousin of the wife of Rev. John Diodati, and appears to have 
married a sister of his. A touchingly simple narrative of dangers and escapes, privations 
and succors, experienced by the family of Michel Burlamaqui, father of Madeleine and 
Renee, in passing from Italy, by the way of France, to their final resting-place in Geneva, 
which was written by Renee in Geneva, is given by Schotel (pp. 85-95) from family- 
archives. At one time they were sheltered in a palace of the Duchess of Ferrara at Mon- 
targis, where Renee was born. Again, being in Paris during the massacre of St. Bartholo- 
mew, the very palace of the Duke of Guise, through the intervention of some Roman Cath- 
olic relatives, became their place of refuge. Afterwards, in the house of M. de Bouillon, 
temptations to a denial of their faith, by conformity to the usages of the old church, beset 
them ; but from these, too, they escaped unscathed. Finally, after years of moving from 
place to place, they reached Geneva, stripped of all earthly goods, but rich in the treasure 
of a good conscience, and " extremely joyous and consoled." 
VOL. XXXV. 16 

1 i 8 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

that it be printed, etc." Another son of the Rev. Jean Diodati was 
Charles who also went to England, on wli »se . on the 13th of Au- 

gust, L 651, letters of administration were granted "to Theodore Diodati 
next of kin " — evidently his brother Theodore — styling him "of St. Mary 
Magdalen, OKI Fish Street, London, bachelor." A third son. named Sam- 
uel, "became a merchant in Holland," whither he went in 1658; he lived 
Bingle and died in 1676. Another son was named Marc, who also died 
without descendants, in 1641, at Amsterdam. 

The only son through whom the line of direct descent from the Gene- 
vese divine was perpetuated, was Philippe, who studied theology, first un- 
der his father and other learned professors of Geneva, and afterwards at 
Montauban in France; went to Holland, and was in L651 installed pastor 
of the Walloon Church of Ley den. He married Elizabeth daughter of 
Sebastien Francken, alderman of Dort and counsellor of the Provincial 
Court of Holland ; with whom lie lived a happy married life of live years, 
and died Oct. G, 1659. Four sons were born to him, of whom one died in 
infancy, and the other three were Philippe Sebastien. Rodolphe and Jean, 
the three nephews of the Theodore just named, whom he made, as we have 
seen, his principal legatees. Philippe settled in Holland ; he administered, 
however, in England, in 1680, on his uncle Theodore's estate, with his bro- 
ther Jean. In the record of Doctors' Commons he is called Doctor of 
Laws. He married Lidia Blankert, and was a counsellor at Rotterdam. 
Ralph, or Rudolphe, it seems, did not go to Geneva to live, as his uncle 
expected: he went to the East; married on the Mauritius Catherine 
Saaijmaus of that island ; was at one time Chief of the Dutch East India 
Company in Japan ; and died at Batavia. 

The only other son of Philippe Diodati was Jean, born at Leyden July 
28, 1G58, wdio, after passing a commercial apprentisage at Dort, embarked 
for Batavia in the island of Java, in May, 1679, to establish himself as a 
merchant there. On the 2d of April, 1680 — probably, therefore, in India 
— he married Aldegonda Trouvers (Travers?), of a prominent Irish family, 
as is said, by whom he had several children ; and died in 1711 at Surat, 
where his remains are said to have reposed beneath a " superb monument," 
erected to his memory by his daughters.* His wife had died in 1698. 

Two of the children of Jean Diodati by Aldegonda Trouvers were 
Philippe and Salomon, born at Dort in 1G86 and 1688, who both became 
associates of the Dutch East India Company at Batavia. The former died 
childless, at Batavia, on the 26th of January, 1733, bequeathing 75.000 
francs to the Cathedral of Dort, for the purchase of communion-plate. The 
latter, on the 7th of December, 1713, married Gertrude daughter of Jerome 
Slott, and in 1733 returned to Holland with his wife mid two sons. Martin 
Jacob and Antoine Josue, and settled at the Hague, where he died in 17 
Of these two sons, Martin established himself in Holland, and died without 
male descendants; the other, born in 1728, having studied theology at Ge- 
neva, went back to the Hague, and became chaplain to the King o( Hol- 
land. Later, he married Marie A in. re Rilliet of Geneva, and settled 
thei.'. He was the builder of the cattle of Vernier, already referred to, 
and lived there till he died, in 1791. He was a great amateur of the 
fine arts, and had his house always lull of artists ; and, in consequence 
of his expensive style of living, left his fortune very much diminished to 
his children, of whom he had eight, three sous and live daughters. But 

* De Biule, p. 298. 

1881.] William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. 179 

the name was transmitted by only one of the sons, named Jacques Amedee, 
whose son Edouard, professor in the Academy of Geneva and Librarian 
of that city, was the father of Mr. Gabriel C. Diodati and his two brothers, 
Messieurs Theodore and Aloys, of whom the first and last, the only sur- 
vivors, worthily maintain the honors of the family at Geneva at the present 

We have thus briefly sketched the history of this remarkable family; and 
all of the name appearing in English records have been mentioned in their 
places in the line of descent, down to and including the grandfather of Wil- 
liam Diodate ; unless a separate place could have been found for a John 
Diodati, who en^a^ed in business in London, being called a "Factor" in 
some entries concerning him, and on whose estate letters of administration 
were granted Feb. 25, 1G87-8, to his son John, his relict Sarah renounc- 
ing. But this person is identified by Col. Chester, after thorough research, 
with John the brother of Milton's friend, who buried his wife Isabel 
Underwood in 1638, as stated above, a son of his by a second marriage 
being the father of William. The identification is made necessary by the 
proved impossibility of finding any other place for John the " Factor" in 
the pedigree ; while the date of the birth of William's father corresponds 
with all the known dates of this John's life, supposing him one with the 
brother of Milton's friend of the same name. 

All that English records tell us of William Diodate's father is embraced 
in the following particulars. On the 14th of .May, 1 0.S2. a license was 
given him to marry Mercy Tilney, of St. Michael Bassishaw, London, be- 
in£ himself described, in the marriage-license, as ;i " bachelor, aged about 
22 [therefore born about 1660], with parents' consent:" and by this mar- 
riage he had four children, who all died in infancy. The wife died in the 
parish of St. Andrew, Undershaft, London, and was buried at Blackfriars, 
Sept. 1«S, 1689. On the 6th of January, 1689— 90, he had a license to marry 
Mistress Elizabeth Morton, of Tottenham, co. Middlesex, he being then 
described as " of St. Andrew, Undershaft, London, merchant, widower, 
aged about 30." The history of Elizabeth Morton, worked out by Col. 
Chester with much care and labor, is given by him in brief, as follows : 
"Rev. Adrian Whicker, vicar of Kirtlington, Oxfordshire (where he was 
buried 16 June, 1G1G), by his wife Jane (buried there 8 Dec. r 1C41), had 
several children, of whom the eldest son was John Whicker, born in St. 
Aldate's parish in the city of Oxford, who became a merchant in London, 
but at his death desired to be buried at Kirtlington. His will, dated 8 
Sept., 1660, was proved 12 Feb., 1GG0-1. By his wife Jane, who was 
buried at St. Olave, Hart Street, London, March 1, 1G37-8, he had five 
daughters, of whom three only survived. The second daughter, Elizabeth 
Whicker, was baptized at St. Olave, Hart street, 21 August, 1G23. She 
first married Richard Crandley, Alderman of London, who was buried at St. 
Olave, Hart street, 12 Dec, 1655. From his will it is evident that they had 
no children. She remarried John Morton, Gent., at St. Olave, Hart street, 
in July, 1658, and a female child (unnamed) was buried there 5 July, 1G59. 
They had also a son John Whicker Morton, who married Elizabeth Medli- 
cott. and died 18 May, 1693, and was buried at Tackley in Oxfordshire; 
and also a daughter Theodosia, who was her father's executrix, and then 
unmarried. Their only other daughter was Elizabeth, who married John 
Diodati." The general coincidence of these results of a search in English 
records respecting the Morton-marriage of John Diodati, with the facts 
already stated as derived from William Diodate's Bible, will not fail to be 

180 William Diodate and his Italian Ancestry. [April, 

noticed. But that Btatement la further duplicated l>y what we learn in Kng- 
land with regard to t he children born of this Morton-marriage, who 
there Been bo bave been three in Dumber, namely, John, William and Eliz- 
abeth. John, son of John and Elizabeth Diodati, was matriculated at Ox- 
ford, from Balliol College, April 6, 1709, aged L6 (he wras therefore born 
about L693) ; and graduated Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts, in 
course, and afterwards Bachelor of Medicine and Doctor of Medicine* He 
became a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of London Jam 
17lM. and Censor in 1720-7; and died May 23, 1727. unmarried. His 
will, dated May 1 ( J, and proved duly 27, 1727, left his whole estate, both 
real and personal, with the exception of a single legacy of £50, to b 
Elizabeth, then unmarried — coinciding with the tradition that William 
Diodate, on returning to England after the death of his brother John, when 
his father also had died, found himself disinherited. This .sister afterwards 
married a gentleman of the name of Scarlett — probably Anthony S.. whose 
will, dated May 8, 1750, and proved March 1, 1757, by his relict Eliza- 
beth, left his entire estate to her, '*as a testimony of the great love and 
most tender affection which " he had " for the best of wives." She died 
in 1768, her will having been proved April 13 of that year, with a codicil 
which she added February 22 of the same year, in which large legacies are 
given to " the children of" her " niece Elizabeth Johnson deceased, late 
wife of the Rev. Mr. Stephen Johnson of Lime, in Connecticut in New 
England."* This record brings us back to our subject, William Diodate, 
the only other child of John Diodati by his Morton-marriage, whose daugh- 
ter, as appears from his will in the New Haven records, was that Elizabeth 
Johnson, thus named in the will of her aunt Scarlett. 

It only remains to say that the son-in-law of William Diodate, Stephen 
Johnson, named in his will, a son of Nathaniel Johnson, Esq., of Newark, 
New Jersey, by his wife Sarah Ogden (descended from John Ogden, one of 
the Patentees of Connecticut, and founder of Elizabeth in New Jersey), 
was not unworthy to transmit the accumulated honors of the Diodati race 
to his descendants ; for, beside being an honored pastor, for forty years, 
over a single church, he was an eminent patriot — perhaps contributiii_ 
much as any other one person to bring on the Revolution, by his strong 
and impassioned articles in opposition to the stamp-act, written, published 
in New London papers of the day, and circulated, with the cooperation, 
and at the expense of his parishioner and intimate friend and counsellor 
John McCurdy, ten years before the actual breaking out of the war : which 
led to the banding together of the •" Sons of Liberty" in organized associa- 
tion, first in Connecticut and afterwards in other colonies; and on the 22d 
of May, 1775, when the conflict of war had begun, he asked leave of ab- 
sence from his people in order to accept the appointment of the Genera] 
A- embly of the colony to be chaplain to the regiment o^ Col. Parsons, 
which was afterwards present at the battle of Bunker Hill. The historian 

Bancroft says: "Of that venerable band who Dureed the flame of piety 

and civil freedom, none did better service than the American-born Stephen 
Johnson, the sincere and fervid pastor of the First Church of Lyme. 1 

* Mrs. Scarlett lent to them In her life-time, and left to them at her death, many rieh 
pieces of apparel, porcelain, silver-plate, and other elegant articles, many of which are still 
I - jed by their descendants. 

t Hist, of the United states, v. 820. Onr country's Indebted! hnson in the mat- 

ter of resistance to the stamp-act is fully recognized by Bancroft, as, for instance, In his 
lli-t., v. 868, where he calls him M the Incomparable Stephen Johnson of Lyme," and long 
\ Gordon in his Hist, of the Rise, Progress and Establishment of the independence of 
the United States, I. 166, if. 

1881.] Notes and Queries, 181 

His descendants, also, proved worthy of their inheritance : Diodate John- 
son, his son, a young clergyman cut off in his twenty-eighth year, was 
" eminent for genius, learning and piety ;" and his daughter Sarah, who 
became the wife of John Griswold, son of the first Governor Griswold of 
Connecticut by his wife Ursula Wolcott, handed down the precious legacy 
of " blood that tells," in cultured manners, warm affections, noble aspira- 
tions, and quick intelligence, betokening, in the case of some of the genera- 
tions which have succeeded, in no doubtful manner, the hereditary influ- 
ence of old Italian genius and temperament. 



College Chronicle. — Under this heading the New York World publishes a 
weekly series of articles on matters of interest connected with the various colleges 
in the United States. The idea is a good one, and the World's College Chronicler 
has the industry and ability to do it justice. No. 220 appeared in the World for 
Monday, Feb. 14, 1881. That and No. 218, Jan. 31, each contains, besides other 
matters^ an article of special value. The article in No. 218, entitled " Bibliogra- 
phy of Alumni," is a bibliographical account of the triennial and general cata- 
logues of the principal American colleges. That in No. 220, " Statistics of Gradu- 
ates," is thus noticed in the New York Nation, Feb. 21 : 

" The World's ' College Chronicle ' for Feb. 14 contains an elaborate tabulation 
from the larger catalogues of twenty-five American colleges, showing the total num- 
ber of degrees since their foundation ; the number of honorary degrees; the num- 
ber of alumni, living and dead ; and the various learned professions which they 
have adopted. These tables are not all brought up to a common date, and are other- 
wise defective as the sources of information were ; but they are instructive on at 
least one point. The ' alumni ' embrace those who have received the bachelor's 
degree for a four years' course, but, at Harvard and Yale, not bachelors of science 
or philosophy, as is usual at other colleges. Bearing this in mind, we notice that 
in 1880 Harvard, with 9,526 alumni, had bestowed (522 honorary degrees, and 
Yale, with 9,202 alumni, 923 ; while Princeton, with 4,837 alumni in 1875, had 
bestowed 769 honorary degrees, and Union, with 4,201 alumni in 1858, 548. Reck- 
oning these per annum, it appears that Harvard's average favors have been 2.6 ; 
Yale's, 5.2 ; Princeton's, 6 ; and Union's, 9. The total number of alumni of six col- 
leges reported to 1880 — viz., Harvard, Yale, Pennsylvania, Brown, Dartmouth and 
Williams — was 30,402 ; the number of their living alumni at that date was 14.074. 
Yale had some 600 more living alumni than Harvard. It is impossible to deduce 
any trustworthy conclusions as to the relative choice of professions." 

Barrett. — The first Humphrey Barrett, of Concord, in his will, 1662, and Mary 
his widow, in her will, 1663, both name a son John. The latter, Shattuck supposes 
to have been of Marlboro'. Savage and Hudson follow this authority. But public 
records establish that John Barrett, of Marlboro', had brothers William, of Cam- 
bridge, and Thomas, of Marlboro' (earlier of Cambridge). This latter, Thomas, 
in his will. Jan. 16, 1672 — near the date of his death — names his own brethren. 
John and William, and his sister Lydia Cheever ; and appoints said brothers, and 
Bartholomew Cheever, of Boston (husband of Lydia), his executors. They con- 
vey land, April 22, 1680, as such executors, the widow (" some time the wife and 
relict" of Thomas Barrett, of Marlboro', and now the wife of William Eager) 
releasing all her rights in said land. Thomas was married before 1660, and had 
three children. 

As Humphrey 1 had a son Thomas who was drowned in Concord in 1652 — Savage 
says 1660, but probate records show his error — leaving children Oliver and Mary, 
named as grandchildren by Humphrey in his will ; it follows that unless he had two 
sons named Thomas of nearly the same age and both living to maturity, John of. 
Marlboro' was not the son of Humphrey 1 of Concord. 

VOL. XXXT. 16* 

L82 Notes and Queries, [April, 

John :ui<[ Thomas of Marlboro 1 each left a i m bearing hii father's name ; and 
each was the last male <»f his line to bear the Borname. Inhere bare been nunu 

adantfl of both John and Thomas, however, by the marriages of their daugh- 
ters and granddaughters in the families of Bush, Rice, Taylor, Whitney, Tail 
Qleason, How and Felton. J. II. Barrett. 

Loulund, Ohio. 

Harvard Obsehyatort. — The following correction of an erroneous statement in 
relation to the establishment of this Observatory has been received by us for inser- 
tion in the RBGI8TXR : 

" In the ' Harvard Book,' Cambridge, 1875, Vol. I. p. 156, it is stated in a 
biography of President Everett, that ' the Harvard Observatory was established 
On it- present site in his administration.' This is a mistake. 

"In 1839 Mr. \V. 0. Bond was appointed Astronomical Observer to Harvard 
I Diversity, and took possession ol a house in Cambridge, prepared by President 
Quincy for a rudimentary Observatory. In 1842-43, the munificence of President 
Quincy's friends among the capitalists, chiefly of Boston, enabled him to purchase 
seven) 1 acres of land in Cambridge, and to found thereon the Sears Tower and a 
house for the observer, and to order a great Equatorial Telescope. In September, 
1844. Mr. Bond removed to the new Observatory, and May 8, 1845, there, assisted 
by his son, G. P. Bond, observed a transit of Mercury. 

" Before President Quincy resigned the office of president, in August, 1845, he 
completed the purchase of the Equatorial Telescope, and, although it was not fin- 
ished, paid for it. It arrived in Cambridge early in 1816. During these years 
Mr. Everett was United States Minister in England, and had no part in these arrange- 
ments. The Observatory and the Equatorial Telescope belong to the administration 
of President Quincy. — Seethe Annual Reports of the Treasurer of Harvard College.'''' 

Towns in tiie King's Province (ante, p. 124). — The names of the towns in the 
King's Province, or the Narraganset Country, now Washington County and part of 
Kent County, Rhode Island, were changed by the Commissioners of King James 
II. , June 23, 1686, by the following order passed by them at a court held that day 
at Major Richard Smith's, in Rochester : 

" Ordered, That the three towns now in the King's Province, shall be called, 
Rochester, the first and chief, formerly called Kingston. 

" Haversbam, the second, formerly called Westerly. 

" Dedfbrd, the third, formerly called Greenwich." — Bartlett's cd. Records of the 
Rhode Island Colony, iii. 201. 

The original names were resumed after the overthrow of Andros. 

Mkxotomy. — A curious form of this variously spelled word, the aboriginal name 
of Arlington, Mass., is "Anatomy," which appears in a deed recorded in 1801 
(Midd. Registry, 143 : 249). William R. Cutter. 

Lexington, Mass. 


Genealogical Queries. — I would be greatly obliged for information concerning 
the parentage of the following persons : 

Hannah, third wife and widow of Elnathan Jones, of Concord, Mass. They were 
married between 1732 and 1736. He died May 6, 1739. She next married. Oct. 3, 
1710, Cord Cordis, of Boston and Concord. She was a tory refugee, and died in St. 
Andrews Parish, London. Should also be glad to know the parents of Cord Cordis, 
of Boston, 1733. 

Hannah Winsor, who married Jonathan Gary, oi Charlestown, in 1675. 

Ruth Batchelder, wife of Dea. James Blake, of Dorchester; died L752,aged90 
years. Batchelder pedigree. Rioistbr, wvii. p, 364, shows a Ruth born 1669. 

Susanna, wile of John Harrison, ol Boston. Their daughter Susanna, horn 

March 28, ic>77. married Edward Gray, of Boston, a wealthy ropemaker. 

Wu Lewis Tucker, of UasOO, born 1643, BOO of .Mr. Kichard Tucker of that 

1881.] Notes and Queries. 183 

Thomas Holland, 'who by wife Ann had John, born Sept. 11, 1726, in Boston. 

William and wife Dorcas Fallass, probably married about 1723 ; had children 
baptized at Old South from 1724 to 1734. 

Susanna Cogswell, of Ipswich, who married Jeremiah Parsons, of Gloucester, 
Dec. 14, 1721. 

Abigail Younglove, of Ipswich, who married Jeffrey Parsons, Jr., of Gloucester, 
May 5, 1686. 

Deborah, born about 1667, who married Elder James Sayward, of Gloucester. He 
was son of Henry Sayward, of York. 

John Cunningham, of Gloucester, born about 1732, died Feb. 24, 1774, aged 42. 

Stephen Dana Marsh, born Nov. 12, 1827, died in Boston Oct. 23, 1867. 

I have nearly completed a genealogy of the descendants of Thomas Swift, of Dor- 
chester, and should be glad to communicate with any descendants of this family not 
already reached. The Rev. John Swift, of Acton, names grandchildren Hollis and 
Luther in his will of 1725. Were they children of his son Dr. John Swift of that 
place, and have they descendants ? Harrison Ellery. 

No. 1 Central Wharf, Boston. 

John Robtnson (son of Isaac, son of the Rev. John of Leyden) removed from 
Saconessst, Mass., to Connecticut, with his family in 1714. What town in Connec- 
ticut did he move to ? and what information can be given concerning his descend- 
ants? W. C. Robinson. 

New Haven, Ct. 

Woodbridge.— It is on record at Salem, that Mrs. Mary Woodbridge, of New- 
bury, widow, made oath 29 September, 1693, that she had not concealed or embez- 
zled any of the money, goods or chattells of Joseph Dole, late of Newbury deceased. 
Joseph Dole was born in 1657, to which fact neither Coffin nor Savage adds any- 
thing. Did he marry and leave a widow, who was in 1693 widow again of a sec- 
ond husband Woodbridge? W. S. Appleton. 

Boston, Mass. 

[Mrs. Mary Woodbridge was probably the widow of Thomas Woodbridge, of 
Newbury (Reg. xxxii. 294), but we do not know her relationship to Joseph Dole. 
Mr. Woodbridge died March 30, 1681, and she married about 1695 Joseph Coker. — 
Editor.] ' 

Gen. John Patterson. — Information in relation to this officer of the army of 
the Revolution is desired for a forthcoming work, " The Town of Farinington, 
Conn." William Henry Lee. 

261 Canal Street. New York. 

Temple. — There is a tradition that Robert Temple, who was of Saco, Me., before 
1660, had a son Robert who settled somewhere in the state of Maine. 

If any one can give information, from records or otherwise, in confirmation there- 
of, please to communicate to William Temple. 

Montvale, Middlesex Co., Mass. 

Waterman. — Lieut. Thomas Waterman, adjutant of Col. Israel Angell's Regi- 
ment, Rhode Island Brigade Continental Army. Who was he? Can any one tell ? 
New Bedford, Mass. William Henry Waterman. 

John Blake, " now of Wrentham, formerly of Sandwich, Mass.," in 1686 
(according to Suffolk Co. Deeds, vol. 16, p. 89), with Edward Pratt and others, 
make division of lands, previously bought of John Wampum, alias White, an In- 
dian of Assanawesock, then deceased. Query. — From whence came said John 
Blake, and what is known of him prior to and during his residence in Sandwich ? 
He is the progenitor of most of the name in Wrentham. His sons were Robert, 
Andrew, John and Isaac ; d. young. His wife was Bridget. What was her maiden 
name? He died May 25, 170.0. She died May 30, 1706. Perley Derby. 

Salem, Mass. 

184 Notes and Querii [April, 

Hill. — Who was Dither of [gnatius, James and William Hill, all of B<> 

Cheir widowed mother Sarah married secondly Edmund I if. 

Boston t Mass. \V. S. Applxtoh. 

[The < lenealogy of the Hill family, by the Rev. Moses Hill, ol Norwalk, Ct., d >- 
tioed in the I: . vol. xxxiv. p. 234, tildren of these names to William 

Hill, of Fairfield, Ct., who had a wile Sarah, and who died in L650. — ESditor.] 

ham. — Mr. Wyman, in his " Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown," 
that Cnpt. Nathaniel Gorham, of Charlestown, was "-'in ol Nathaniel, wl 
Dorcas Coffin, of Yarmouth." Is this correct? Was ho not the son of Stephen 
Qorham, who m. Elizabeth Gardiner in 1703? 

Cant. Nathaniel married Mary S >ley, of Charlestown, in 1730-7, and her mother 
was Dorcas Collin, daughter of Nathaniel, according to Wyman. II - i it Mr. 
Wyman confounded the genealogy of Capt. Nathaniel with that of his wife? 

Cambridge t Mass. Ctkus Woooman. 

Historical Intelligence. 

New HAMPSHIRE Bi-Centennial. — The New Hampshire Historical Society duly 
commemorated the 200th anniversary of the establishment of the first lawful 
government over the province, as it was then called, in the year 1080. The society 
selected Charles W. Tuttle, Esq,, of Boston, to deliver the historical address on the 
occasion, and held a special meeting in Portsmouth on the evening of Dec. 29, 1880, 
to hear the address delivered. The Hon. Charles 11. Bell, president of the society 
and governor elect of the state, presided. The society voted to print the addi 


(Jenealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all facte 
interest illustrating the family history or character be communicated, especially 
service under the U.S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with dates and places of birth, marrias 
residence and death. 

Hale. By the Hon. Robert S. Hale, LL.D., of Elizabeth, Essex Co., N. Y.— The 
family history of Thomas Hale, of Newbury, and his descendants, heretofore announc- 
ed in the Register (xxix. 100; xxxi. 99), will probably be ready for the press before 
the end of the current year. It will include female lines, but not in as full detail 
as male lines. Those who have delayed sending their records for the book should 
do so at once. 

Kenney. By John Spare, M.D., of New Bedford — Tt will contain all familie 
this name who have lived in Canton from 1714 to 1830, the dates of the arrival and 
extinction of this name in that territory. It is nearly complete. 

Miller. By Maj. Charles 1). Miller, of Newark. Ohio.— He has been many years 
tracing descendants of James Miller the Scotsman, Charlestown, Mass., admitted to 
first church Dec. 17, 1676; made freeman Ma\ 23, 1(»77 ; died July 11, 1690. His 
wife Mary joined the church Aug. 5, 1(577 ; baptized with children— James. Mary, 
Robert. Job, Abraham, Isaac, Mercy and Jane. Record of his lather's death, A 
1, loss, calls him "Sen."' " an aged Scotsman above 70." Would like informa- 
tion of immigration and descendants. 

Saveri/i Savory or Savory. By the Hon. A. W*. Savery, of Digby, Nova Scotia. — 
Judge Savery will give a genealogical record of the New England family bearing 
the above name, especially of the descendants oi Anthony and Thomas 
who were freeman of Plymouth in 1633, and, as far as p ftsible, ol R 5 . of 

Newbury, in L656, and an account of their progenitors in England. He respectfully 
requests from all of the name or connection such pertinent genealogical and other 
information as they may possess, especially biographical sketches of any who may 
have filled public situations, Legislative or otherwise. He would like to know the 
names of the earlier desoen lants ol the Anthony S., who was a townsman of Hart- 
mouth in 1686, and whether the name ol Solomon Savery can be found in the family 
about the beginning of the last century ; and whence came the John Sa\ery. who 

1881.] Societies and their Proceedings, 185 

some twenty years ago was governor of Peel Island, one of the Bonin group, a 
whaling station in the North Pacific. 

Spare. By John Spare, M.D.,of New Bedford, Mass.— It will contain all de- 
scendants of Samuel Spare (1683-1768) inclusive of names connected by marriage 
down to the present time. 

Staple or Staples. By James Staples, of Bridgeport, Ct. — Mr. Staples contem- 
plates a history or genealogy of this family. 

Waterman. By William Henry Waterman, of New Bedford, Mass. — Mr. Wa- 
terman is preparing a record, historical, biographical and genealogical, of the 
Waterman family of Rhode Island. He desires members of the family having 
records, items, &c, bearing upon the history of the family, to send him a copy. 


New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Mass., Wednesday, January 5, 1881. — The annual meeting was held at 
the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, this afternoon, at three o'clock. 

The president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., on taking the chair intro- 
duced the Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D., ex-governor of Vermont and vice-president of 
the society for that state, who made a few pertinent remarks The vice-president 
for Massachusetts, the Hon. George C. Richardson, also occupied a chair on the 

The recording secretary, David G. Haskins, Jr., read the record of the proceed- 
ings at the December meeting. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., chairman of the nominating committee, re- 
ported a list of officers and committees for the year 1881, and the persons nominated 
were unanimously elected, viz. : 

President. — Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., of Boston, Mass. 

Vice-Presidents. — Hon. Israel Washburn, LL.D., of Portland, Me. ; Hon. Jo- 
seph B. Walker, A.B., of Concord, N. H. ; Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D., of Benning- 
ton, Vt. ; Hon. George C. Richardson, of Boston, Mass. ; Hon. John R. Bartlett, 
A.M., of Providence, R. I. ; Hon. Marshall Jewell, A.M., of Hartford, Ct. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. — Ilis Excellency Rutherford B. Hayes, LL.D., Presi- 
dent of the United States ; Hon. Robert S. Hale, LL.D., of Elizabethtown, N. Y. ; 
William A. Whitehead, A.M., of Newark, N. J. ; William Duane, of Phila- 
delphia, Pa. ; Rev. Edwin A. Dalrymple, S.T.D., of Baltimore, Md. ; Hon. 
William A. Richardson, LL.D., of Washington, D. C. ; Hon. Thomas Spooner, 
of Cincinnati, Ohio ; Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, 111. ; Rev. Jo- 
seph F. Tuttle, D.D., of Crawfordsville, Ind. ; Lyman C. Draper, LL.D., of 
Madison, Wis. ; Rt. Rev. William S. Perry, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport, Iowa ; 
Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D., LL.D., of St. Louis, Mo.; Rt. Rev. William I. 
Kip, D.D., LL.D., of San Francisco, Cal. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Recording Secretary. — David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, Mass. 

Treasurer. — Benjamin Barstow Torrey, of Boston, Mass. 
• Historiographer. — Rev. Samuel Cutler, of Boston, Mass. 

Librarian. — John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Directors. — Hon. George C. Richardson, Boston; Hon Nathaniel Foster Safford, 
A. B., Milton; Hon. James W.Austin, A.M., Boston; Cyrus Woodman, A.M., 
Cambridge; J. Gardner White, A.M., Cambridge. 

Committee on Finance. — Henry Edwards, Boston, Chairman; Hon. Charles B. 
Hall, Boston ; Hon. Samuel C. Cobb, Boston; Hon. Alrah A. Burrage, Boston ; 
Addison Child, Boston ; Benjamin B. Torrey, Boston, ex-officio. 

Committee on Publication. — John Ward Dean, A.M., Chairman ; Rev. Lucius R. 
Paige, D.D., Cambridge; Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Boston ; Jeremiah Col- 
burn, A.M. , Boston ; William B. Trask, Boston ; Henry II. Edes, Boston ; Henry 
F. Waters, A.B., Salem. 

Committee on Memorials. — John Ward Dean, A.M., Chairman; Rev. Henry A. 
Hazen, A.M., Billerica ; J. Gardner White, A.M., Cambridge ; William B. Trask, 
Boston ; Daniel T. V. Huntoon, Canton ; Arthur M. Alger, LL.B., Taunton. 

Societies and their Proceedings* April, 

Committee on Heraldry.— Bon. Thomas 0. Amory, A.M. B ston, Chun-man: 
Abner 0. Goodell, Jr., A.M.. Salem ; Augustus T. Perkins, A.M.. B »too . « I 
B. Chase, A.M., B at m ; Walter Lloyd Jeffries, A.B., B e1 to ; John 0. J. Bi 
of I! ®1 m. 

( Library,— Jeremiah Colburn, A M., Boston, Chairman; Wil- 

liam B. Trask, Boston; Deloraine P. Oorey, Maiden; Willard S. Allen. A.M., 
Boston ; John T. Hassam, A.M.. Boston ; John W. Dean, B 

Committee on Paper* and Essays.— Rev. Doras Clarke, l).l>.. Chairman; I 
Increase N. Tarbox. D.D., Newton; Rev. David G. Haekins, S.T.D., Cambridge; 
William 0. Bates, Newton ; Charles 0. Coffin, Boston; Rev. Artemas B. Muzzey, 
A.M.. Cambridge ; Rev. Henry A. Hazen, A.M., of Auburodale. 

Col. Wilder, having, for the fourteenth time, been elected president of m the 

ety, proceeded to deliver his annual address, which IS printed in full in this number 
of the Register (ante, pp. 129-15). 

The following annual reports were presented : 

The Rev. Edmund F. Siafter, chairman oi the committee fur binding and index- 
ing the Ivnox Manuscripts, made an elaborate report. 

The Rev. Mr. Siafter, as corresponding secretary, reported that thirty-- 
resident and nine corresponding members have been added to the society durii e 
year. He also reported the usual correspondence relating to historical su 

William C. Bates, the historiographer pro tempore^ referred to the loss sustained 
by the society in the death of the Rev. Samuel Cutler, historiographer for five years 
and a half preceding. He then reported the number of members who have died 
during the past year, as far as known, to be forty-four. Their united ages are 3134 
years and 1 month, being an average of 71 years 2 months and 2-J days. Memo- 
rial sketches of deceased members have been prepared and printed in the Register 
as promptly as the space at command would allow. 

"Benjamin B. Torrey, the treasurer, reported the total income for the year I 
$3,209.48, and the current expenses $3,193.25, leaving a balance on hand of $ I 
The receipts for life-membership were $150.00, making the present amount of the 
fund £9,447.74. The amount of the fund for the support of the librarian is 
$12,703.13; of the Bradbury Fund, $2,500.00 ; of the Towne Memorial Fund, 
$5,155.18 ; of the Barstow Fund. $1,003.36; of the Bond Fund, $749.7*2; of the 
Cushman Fund, 6-1.09 ; and of the Sever Fund, s5,000.00 ; making a total for the 
several funds, in the hands of the treasurer, of $36,683.22. 

John W. Dean, the librarian, reported that 051 volumes and 3.807 pamphlets bad 
been added to the library during the year, of which 409 volumes and 3,687 pamph- 
lets were donations. The library now contains 10,591 volumes, and 51,998 

Willard S. Allen, in behalf of the committee on the library, reported that as in 
previous years the donations have been numerous and valuable. In the libra- 
the present time, will be found nearly all the genealogical works printed in this 
country, and many of those published in Europe, while good progress has been 
made in the acquisition of biographies and local histories published in this country. 

Jeremiah Colburn, in behalf of the publishing committee, reported that the K::g- 
ister to January, 1881, and the annual proceedings lor l^SO. had been issued under 
their charge since their last report. Two Other works, under the charge of other com- 
mittees, have been published, namely, the Towne Memorial Biographies, and the 
Proceedings Oct. 25, 1880, the Centenary of the Constitution of Massachusetts. 

The Rev. I )orus Clarke, D.D., chairman of the committee on papers and es 
reported that eight papers had been read before the society during the year. 

J. Gardner White, secretary of the committee on memorials, reported the 
pletion of the first volume of Memorial Biographies printed at the charge ol the 
Towne Memorial Fund. 

Thanks were voted to the president for his address, and the publishing committee 
were directed to print the address, with an abstract ot the other proceedings. 

New Bri nswick Historical Society. 

St, .John, N. />., Thursday. Nov. 25, 1880. — The annual meeting was helil this 

evening in the office of R. 0. .J. Dunn, Lawrence's Building, King Succt, tin- presi- 
dent, «T W. Lawrence, Esq., in the chair. 

The president then laid before the society a letter which he had written, as presi- 
dent of the Bociety, to the lieutenant governor of New Brunswick, sting 

1881.] /Societies and their Proceedings, 187 

the commemoration of the centenary of the landing of the loyalists at Parrtown 
and Carleton, now the city of St. John, by the erection by subscription of a hall 
for the use of the New Brunswick Historical Society, Art Union, Natural History 
Society and Free Library, as a memorial to the settlers of St John, the corner stone 
to be laid May 18, 1883. The semi-centennial of this event was observed with 
fitting ceremonies in 1833. 

A committee consisting of J. W. Lawrence, A. A. Stockton, W. P. Dole, Gilbert 
Murdock, James ilannay and G. Herbert Lee, to cooperate with the civil bodies in 
taking measures to erect a Loyalist Memorial as indicated in this letter. 

The election of officers then took place, and the following officers were chosen : 

President. — J. W. Lawrence. 

Vice-Presidents. — Gilbert Murdock, A. A. Stockton. 
Recording Secretary. — Thomas VV. Lee. 
Corresponding Secretary — G. Herbert Lee. 
Treasurer. — D. P. Chisholm. 
Librarian. — George C. Lawrence. 

Executive Committee. — James Hannay, W. P. Dole, J. C. Miles, D. H. Water- 
bury, R. C. J. Dunn. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Wednesday, Feb 2, 1881. — The society met at 2.30 P.M., the presi- 
dent, the Hon. James VV. Bradbury, in the chair. 

It was voted that the publications of the society hereafter shall be issued in two 
series : 1. Collections, to contain historical documents ; 2. Proceedings, to contain 
the papers and other transactions at the meetings ; and Hon. Israel Washburn, 
William Goold, Rev. Samuel P. Dike and Prof. Alpheus S. Packard were appoint- 
ed a committee to publish forthwith a volume of Proceedings. 

Hon. Rufus K. Sewail read a paper on " The Future Work of the Future Histori- 
an of Maine." 

In the evening the new rooms of the society in the Portland City Hall, to which 
its library has been removed from Brunswick, were opened by appropriate exercises. 
These apartments were previously occupied by the Portland Society of Natural 

President Bradbury delivered an address, which is printed in the Eastern Argus 
and Portland Press of Feb. 3. 

At the close of this address the Hon. Israel Washburn, chairman of the commit- 
tee of arrangements, made a brief speech, in the course of which he explained how 
it came about that the Maine Historical Society had returned to the home of its 
birth. Gen. John Marshall Brown then tendered the thanks of the society to the 
city for the rooms, a lease of which for ten years free of charge had been signed 
that afternoon. Mayor Senter responded in behalf of the city. 

Hon. William Goold followed with a paper giving a history of the lot on which 
the City Hall now stands, and of the buildings which had previously stood thereon. 

The meeting closed with remarks by the Hon. G. F. Talbot, Dr. William Wood, 
president of the Natural History Society, Gen. Samuel J. Anderson, president of 
the Board of Trade, and the Hon. Joseph Williamson, of Belfast. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass., Monday, Nov, 8, 1880. — A regular meeting was held this 
John Winthrop Ballantine read a paper on Gov. John Winthrop, his ancestor. 

Monday, Jan. 10. — The annual meeting was held this evening. 

James Henry Dean read a paper on John and Walter Deane, who were among the 
first settlers of Taunton. 

Reports from the treasurer and librarian indicated a good financial condition, and 
the publication of the Collections of the Society No. 2. Officers for the year were 
chosen as follows : 

President. — Hon. John Daggett, of Attleboro'. 

Vice-Presidents. — Rev. Mortimer Blake, D.D., Hon. Samuel L. Crocker, both of 

Recording and Corresponding Secretary. — Charles A. Reed, Esq., of Taunton. 
Treasurer.— Thomas J. Lothrop, of Taunton. 

188 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

Librarian. — Ebenezer C. Arnold, of Taunton. 

Historiographer. — William ES. Puller, of Taunton. 

Directors. — The above-named officers, and James Henry Dean, of Taunton; Rev. 
S. Hopkins Emery, of Taunton; Arthur M. Alger, ot Taunton ; Hon. John S. 
Brayton, of Fall River; Ellis Ames, of Canton; Gen. Ebenezer W. Peiroe, of 

Weymouth Historical Society. 

Weymouth, Mass., Wednesday, Jan. 5, 1881. — The annual meeting wp.s held this 
evening at Tufts Library, the president, Elias Richards, Esq., in the cbair. 

Rev. Anson Titus, Jr., the corresponding secretary, and Dea. Gilbert Nash, the 
recording secretary, made their annual reports. The report of the library commit- 
tee was also read by Dea. Nash. They are printed in full in the Weymouth Ga- 
zette, Jan. 21. 

The annual election then took place, and the following officers were elected, viz. : 

President. — Elias Richards. 
Vice-President. — John J. Loud. 
Corresponding Secretary. — Rev. Anson Titus, Jr. 
Recording Secretary. — Gilbert Nash. 
Treasurer. — William H. Clapp. 
Librarian. — Miss Carrie A. Blanchard. 
The above, with Rev. Lucien II. Frary, constitute the executive committee. 

Nominating Committee. — John J. Loud; Samuel W. Reed; Augustus J. Rich- 
Library Committee. — Gilbert Nash, F. W. Lewis, and Rev. Anson Titus, Jr. 

Gilbert Nash followed with a paper on " The Extinct Families of Weymouth." 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, Dec. 28, 1880. — A stated meeting was held this evening in 
the society's Cabinet, Waterman Street, the president, the Hon. Zachariah Allen, 
LL.D., in the chair. 

Hon. Abraham Payne read a paper on the History of "Windham County, Conn. 

New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. 

New York, N. Y., Friday, Jan. 14, 1881. — The annual meeting was held this 
evening at Mott Memorial Hall. 

Gen. James Grant Wilson read a paper on Millard Fillmore, Thirteenth Presi- 
dent of the United States. 

Messrs. David P. Holton, John L. Latting and Charles B. Moore were reelected 
trustees for three years. At a meeting of the trustees subsequently, the following 
gentlemen were elected officers of the society fjr the ensuing year : 

President. — Henry T. Drowne. 

Vice-Presidents. — Ellsworth Eliot, M.D , and Gen. James Grant Wilson. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Charles B. Moore. 

Recording Secretary. — Joseph 0. Brown. 

Treasurer — George II. Butler, M.D. 

Librarian. — Samuel Burhans, Jr. 

New Jersey Historical Society. 

Trenton, Thursday, Jan. 20, 1881. — The society met in the State Hou 

The following officers were elected for 1881 : 

President. — Samuel M. Ilamill. Lawrenccville. 

Vice-Presidents. — John T. Nixon, Trenton ; John Clement, Haddonfield ; Samu- 
el II. Pennington, M.D., Newark. 

Corresponding Secretary^— William A. Whitehead, Newark. 

Recording Secretary. — William Nelson. Paterson. 

Treasurer and Librarian. — Frederick W. Ricord, Newark. 

Executivi Committee, — Marcus L. Ward, Newark; John Hall, D.D., Trenton; 
Bamuel Allison, Yard ville ; N. Norris Halstead, Kearney ; Joel Parker, Freehold j 

1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 189 

Joseph N. Tuttle, Newark; George Sheldon, D.D., Princeton; David A. Depue, 
Newark ; Nathaniel Niles, Madison. 

Gen. William S. Stryker read an interesting paper on the history of the Trenton 
Barracks, built about 1758, and yet standing. 

On motion of Mr. Whitehead, resolutions were passed in favor of continuing the 
publication by the state of the New Jersey Archives, and also of indexes to the wills, 
deeds, and other ancient records and documents in the state archives. 

John F. Hageman then read a paper on " Religious Liberty in New Jersey." 

Thanks were voted to Gen. Stryker and Mr. Hageman for their papers. 

Kansas Historical Society. 

The Lawrence, Kansas, Daily Journal, Jan. 26, 1881, contains a historical ad- 
dress before this society at its annual meeting, by ex-Gov. Charles Robinson, in 
which he narrates the history of the settlement of Kansas, and the efforts by which 
it was made a free state. 


Prepared by Increase N. Tarrox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the memorial 
sketches which are prepared for the Register are necessarily brief 
in consequence of the limited space which can be appropriated. All 
the facts, however, he is able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the 
Society, and will aid in more extended memoirs for which the " Towne 
Memorial Fund" is provided. The first volume, entitled "Memorial 
Biographies," edited by a committee appointed for the purpose, has just 
been issued. It contains memoirs of all the members who died from the 
organization of the society to the close of the year 1852. A second volume 
is in press. 

Henry White, A.M., a corresponding member, was one of the best-beloved and 
most honored citizens of New Haven, Conn. In that town was he born, March 5, 
1803. Here he lived through his long life, and here he died Oct. 7, 1880. 

He was graduated at Yale College in 1821, at the a^e of eighteen, with the high- 
est honors of his class. In 1823 he became a tutor in the college, holding the office 
for two years. Soon after, he entered upon the profession of the law, in which he 
has been in the highest sense successful. We mean by this that his life has been 
full of business, while he has used his office only for the most just and honorable 
ends. He has been such a man as will always be found a real treasure in any com- 
munity ; one of those to whom men in perplexity go, feeling that they shall find a 
sure friend and wise counsellor. As a lawyer Mr. White made a specialty of real 
estate and trusts, and few men anywhere have been more sought for in this large 
and responsible department. He was a man of that noble christian type of which 
New England has reared many. During the long period of forty-three years, from 
1837 till his death, he filled the office of deacon in the Centre Church of New Ha- 
ven, one of the most important churches in New England. Here, for a long course 
of years, he was brought into intimate and friendly relations with Dr. Leonard 
Bacon. As pastor and delegate they have attended together many ecclesiastical 
councils, and it is rare to find a man wiser to give good advice on such occasions 
than was this distinguished layman. 

Mr. White became a corresponding member of our society Feb. 9, 1854, and 
though his life has been very busy, yet, amid the multiplicity of his cases, he has 
felt a real interest in our work and its results. 

In 1830 he was married to Miss Martha Sherman, daughter of Roger Sherman, 
Esq., of New Haven, granddaughter of the famous Roger Sherman of olden mem- 

VOL. XXXV. 17 

190 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

ory. By this marriage he bad seven sons, of whom six survive, and four of them 
chose the Legal profession. 

Being such a man as he was, it was almost inevitable that lie Bhould he called 
into many positions of public responsibility and trust. He was a corporate member 
of the American Board for a Long course of years. He was connected as president 
or director with the American College and Education Society from 1844 to L879. 
indeed, he was a director and counsellor in very many christian organizations, and 
it will be hard to find another man who will exactly fill his place in the various 
Spheres in which he acted. 

The Hon. William Henry Tuthill, of Tipton, Iowa, a corresponding member, 

was born in the city of New York, Dec. 5. 1808, and died at Tipton, Sept 3, 1880, 
The founder of tin; family on these shores settled in Southold, Long Island, in 1640. 
The father of William was James M., who was a merchant; and hi- mother was 
Emma Townsend. As a boy he enjoyed the advantages of the New York schools, 

and made rapid advances in his early studies, lie learned in his youth the art of 
copper and steel-plate engraving, and for a few years wrought at this trade. His 
health failing, he gave up the business as too sedentary and confining. At the time 
when the cholera first visited this country in 1832, being then twenty-four years 
old, he was actively emplo} 7 ed upon the Board of Health in New York, and made 
the record from day to day of the cases of the disease, lie was afterward for tome 
years a clerk in the Chemical Bank of New 7 York. 

In 1810 he turned from all these associations and employments to the far west, 
making his home in Tipton, Iowa, which was then almost unbroken prairie, lie 
first opened a store, but soon turned his attention to law studies, lie was admitted 
to the bar, Nov. 13, 1846, and two years later was permitted to practise in the 
U. S. courts. In 1855 he was elected judge of the Eighth District, and retained 
this office five or six years. He also commenced the banking business as early as 
1850, which he prosecuted with success, being known in Iowa as the Literary 

Judge Tuthill was interested in historical and genealogical pursuits, and was a 
great lover of books. He gathered a choice library of some 5000 volumes, which, 
since his death, has been sent to New York to be sold. • 

Among his published writings was an extended review of the famous Dred v 
decision, which was prepared and delivered as an address in Iowa in 1800. and is 
believed to have increased the republican vote in the state that year. He wrote 
some Historical Sketches for the '' Annals of Iowa," and he gave the public ad- 
dress at the gathering of the Tuthill family at Southold, Long Island, in IbGw . This 
address was published in the N. E. Historical and Genealogical Register for July, 
1808. He was made a corresponding member of our society May 14, L858. 

He was a man of small stature. Though of average height, his weight, in his 
latter years, was only about 108 lbs. 

Judge Tuthill was twice married, but had only one child, a son, who survives 
him. This is James William Tuthill. of Tipton, Iowa, from whose account the 
foregoing sketch has been chiefly compiled. 

William Brown Spooner, Esq., of Boston, a benefactor and life member, died at 
Boston, Oct. 28, 1880, aged 74 years. 

He was born at Petersham, Mass., April 20, 1806, son of Asa and Dolly (Brown) 
Spooner. His descent was from William Spooner, of Dartmouth, 1G37. his grand- 
father Wing Spooner being one of the minute men, and afterwards a captain in the 
revolutionary war. 

Mr. Spooner came to Boston about 1825 to seek his fortune, and found it in the 
hide and leather business, from which he retired in 1873. His first employment on 
coming to Boston was with Emerson & Jones. In 1830 he commenced businee 
himself, the firm being Simpkins & Spooner. On hifl retirement from a t 
business career he was at toe head of the firm of William B. Spooner & Co. Mr. 
Spooner in his long business experience had enjoyed the confidence ol the business 
community, and was selected as president ol the New England Shoe and Leather 

□ its formation, and was also a Commissioner oi' the State 
chusetts at the Centennial Exhibition, lie was a member of the house of represen 

tatives of Massachusetts in l s .">7 and 1858. \ business man ol sound judgment and 

sterling integrity, bis adi ioe and counsel were open Bought bv the young, and never 
in vain. His testimony was clear and open that each man had in his own conscience 

1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, 191 

a safe guide, and that for himself he had found honesty the only policy. Mr. Spooner 
was actively interested in all good works, and was an early anti-slavery worker, but 
to the temperance cause he gave his heartiest counsels and most active labors. He was 
president for several years of the Massachusetts Temperance Alliance, and was also 
one of the organizers of the Massachusetts Total Abstinence Society, and its presi- 
dent for ten years, until his death. He was not in favor of separate political action 
by temperance advocates, believing that " the cause of temperance must rest pri- 
marily on moral, educational and religious influences." He was also one of the 
original managers of the " Home for Little Wanderers," and a director in the Hide 
and Leather Bank of Boston. 

He married Lucy Huntington, a native of Connecticut, who survives. 

Mr. Spooner's benefactions are too numerous to be recalled in the space at our 
command ; his example is of too much value to the world to receive only a passing 
notice. Other societies in which he was actively interested will extend the renown 
to which Mr. Spooner is entitled as an upright merchant, a good citizen, a friend of 

His membership in the society is from Oct. 24, 1870. w. c. bates. 

John Taylor Clark, Esq., of Boston, a resident member, died in Dorchester, Oct. 
30, 1880, aged 55. 

He was born at Sanbornton, N. H., Sept. 19, 1825, the son of John EI. and Betsey 
Moore Taylor Clark. He received his education at the district schools of his native 
town, and assisted upon the farm and in the store of his father, who was a trader 
and post-master of what is now known as Clark's Corner. After two years further ex- 
perience in a country store (at Franklin, N. H.), Mr. Clark came to Bostonat theage 
of twenty, and found employment with Jarvis & Comery, dealers in crockery. Since 
that time Mr. Clark was continuously interested in this line of trade as an importer 
and wholesale dealer, under the firm name at first of Clark & Andrews, and later, 
until his death, as senior of the firm of Clark, Adams & Clark. 

He was greatly interested in the municipal government of Boston, and was a 
member of the board of Aldermen from 1872 to 1878 inclusive. During this time his 
judgment was much relied upon by his associates, and he served upon the most 
important committees during his terms of office, being chairman of the board for 
four years. 

In business circles he had warm friends, and possessed the respect and esteem of 
all his associates ; and in resolutions adopted on his death at a meeting of the im- 
porters and dealers in crockery-ware, he is spoken of as a most prominent and pub- 
lic-spirited member, " an earnest advocate of every worthy enterprise," and "an 
honor to the trade." 

He was much interested in Masonry, and had reached the thirty-third degree of 
the Scottish Rite, and was a member of the order of Knights Templars. 

Mr. Clark married Oct. 16, 1855, Elizabeth Weld Andrews, and leaves five daugh- 
ters and two sons. His residence had been on Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, for 
several years, but latterly at Savin Hill, Dorchester. 

He was admitted Dec. 9, 1875. w. c. b. 

Nathan Bourne Gibbs, Esq., of Boston, a life member, died in Boston Dec. 5, 
1880, aged 74 years. 

He was born in Sandwich, Mass., May 26, 1806, son of Nathan B. and Salome 
(Dillingham) Gibbs, of that town. He was educated at the common school, " with 
a few terms at the Sandwich Academy," and afterwards entered his father's store 
in his native place. He was also for several years engaged with his uncle Alexan- 
der Gibbs, in business in New Bedford. In 1835 his father-in-law Mr. Benjamin 
Burgess invited him to join him in business in Boston, which he did March 1, 1835, 
when the firm Benjamin Burgess & Sons was formed. His connection with this 
well-known firm continued till 1876, when Mr. Gibbs retired from active business. 

He was twice married, to sisters, daughters of Mr. Burgess. A widow and six 
adult children survive. 

Mr. Gibbs never held public office, but had held positions of trust in which his 
sound business judgment and careful integrity made him of great value to the in- 
terests entrusted to him. He was a director in the Tremont Bank, in the Boston 
Wharf Corporation, and a Trustee of the Suffolk Savings Bank. He was of a genial 
kindly disposition, and his friendship was highly valued by a wide circle. His 
mercantile career was successful and highly honorable. He was an upright, sin- 

192 Necrology oj Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

cere, honest man, and in the family a fond husband and kind father, a good example 
to his fellow man. His health had not been good for some time previous to his 
deatli, but he died suddenly from heart disease. 

He was admitted a member Dec. 6, 1870. w. c. b. 

The Rev. Frederick Augustus TViiitney, A.M., of Boston, Brighton District, a 
life member, died at his home, Gardner Street, Allston, Oct. 21, 1880, aged 68. 

He was bora at Quincy, Mass., Sept. 12, 1812, son of the Rev. Peter and Jane 
(Lincoln) Whitney, his descent being from John and Elinor Whitney, of Water- 
town, as follows : John, 1 Watertown, 1635-6; Richard 2 ; Moses 3 j; Moses 4 ; Rev. 
Aaron, 5 H. C. 1737 ; Rev. Peter, 6 of Northboro,' H. C. 1762 ; Rev. Peter, 7 H. C. 
1791. Rev. Peter 7 Whitney married April 30, 1800, Jane, daughter of Nathan 
Lincoln, by whom he had six children, and died suddenly (as had his father) March 
3, 1843. 

Frederick A., fifth child of theabove, was born at Quincy, Mass., Sept. 13, 1812 ; 
was graduated at Harvard University 1833, being the fourth generation in direct 
line graduating at Harvard. He continued his studies at Cambridge Divinity 
School, graduating in 1838. He was ordained pastor at the First Church, Brigh- 
ton, Feb. 21, 1844, and continued in the charge of this parish until 1858, since 
which time he had been engaged in literary and historical work. He belonged to a 
scholarly family, several of whom had been specially interested in historical mat- 
ters. His grandfather, Rev. Peter, 6 wrote the "History of Worcester County." 

Mr. Whitney's father was pastor at Quincy of the church where Presidents Ad- 
ams, father and son, were pew holders and worshippers. A memorial sketch of 
this '■' Old Church at Quincy " was one of the early published works of Mr. Whit- 
ney. He contributed articles to the Register, and presented to the library several 
of his printed addresses. Mr. Whitney was engaged in the preparation of a His- 
tory of Brighton, left uncompleted at his death ; a portion of this work is embod- 
ied in Drake's History of Middlesex County. 

His interest in education was evinced for several years as a member of the school 
board of Brighton, and as a trustee of the Holton Public Library (now a branch of 
the Boston Public Library) at that place, where may be found many published 
reports, memoirs and addresses from his pen. He was widely known and respected 
in the Unitarian denomination to which he belonged. 

Mr. Whitney married Jan. 11, 1853, Elizabeth Perkins Matchett, who survives 

His membership in this society is from Feb. 14, 1853. w. c. b. 

The Hon. Peleg Sprague, LL.D.,an honorary member, admitted March 28, 1855, 
died at his residence, Chestnut Street, Boston, Wednesday morning, Oct. 13, 1880, 
aged 87 years. 

He was born in Dusbury, Mass., on the family estate, April 28, 1793 ; was grad- 
uated at Harvard College with honors in 1812 ; and on taking his second degree in 
1815, he received the highest honor in English oratory. In 1847 his Alma Mater 
fittingly bestowed the honorary degree of LL.D. 

flavins chosen the profession of law, he prepared himself first under Judge Tho- 
mas, of Plymouth, then in the Litchfield Law School, and lastly in the office of the 
Hon. Levi Lincoln, at Worcester. He came to the Plymouth County bar in 1815, 
and shortly afterwards removed to Augusta, Me., when, after a practice of two 
years in that place, he settled in Ilallowell, where he speedily acquired distinction. 

In 1820-1 he was a member of the Maine legislature, then declined a reelection. 
He was next appointed district-attorney and judge-advocate, but resigned both 
offices after a brief incumbency. From 1825-9 was a representative in Congress, 
and from 1829-35 a senator in Congress. On completing bis senatorial term he re- 
moved to Boston, and continued to practise his profession till the winter of 1810, 
when impaired health compelled him to seek a change of climate in the warmer 
atmosphere of Florida. After an absence of several months he returned, and in 1841 
was chosen a presidential elector : and the same year he was appointed Judge of 
the District Court of the United States for Massachusetts, which office he resigned 
in 1865. Before bis appointment as judge, Harvard College offered him the chair 
of Ethics and Moral Philosophy ; but he declined. The Harvard Law School re- 

featedly sought Judge Sprague's services as professor of law, but without Buccess. 
le published ki Speeches aud Addresses" in 1858, and " Decisions " in 1861 aud 

1881.] Necrology of Historic , Genealogical Society. 193 

As a politician Judge Sprague ranked at the start as anti-Jackson, and though 
in after life not an extreme partisan, his leaning was always m opposition to the 
followers of that positive President. He continued deeply interested in political 
affairs to his last days, and was kept fully informed of passing events. His public 
life was b grand success ; his private life without spot or blemish ; and as lawyer 
and judge be was held in the highest esteem. !!<■ was a model of what may lie 
accomplished by a man of indomitable will under affliction ; for, from bis ooD 
days, he was troubled with a nervous affection of the eyes, causing him a great part 
of the time to be obliged to pursue bis studies by bearing only, being unable to 
read; but soon after he began to practise an improvement took place. 5 p alter 
he went upon tin; bench his trouble grew so much worse that he was obliged to 
darken the court-room during trials, and even had to keep his eyes closed in the 
presence of those addressing him. During his last days he became practically 
blind, and was obliged to depend on the BerviceS ol an attendant, with whom he 
mighi have been frequently seen on pleasant days enjoying a walk on the common. 

In August, 1818, Judge Sprague married Sarah, daughter of Mosee Deming, of 
Whitesboro'. N.Y., who at the death of her parents had become the ward of (ien. 
Joseph Kirkland. oi I tica . an eminent lawyer. Three sons and one daughter were 
the fruits of this union : — 1. Charles Franklin, died iu 1840, unmarried. '2. Seth 
Edward, lawyer, married Harriet B.. daughter of William Lawrence, and niece of 
Amos .and Abbott Lawrence, lie died in 1869, leaving three sons — William Law- 
rence, M.D., a graduate of Harvard College ; Charles Franklin, a graduate of Har- 
vard College, now a Student of the Harvard Law School, and Richard, an under 
graduate oi Harvard College. 3. Francis Peleg, M.D., married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of John Amory Lowell, of Boston. L Sarah, married G P. 1 pham, HOW 
a citizen ofNahant ; they have George P. Upham, dr., an ander-graduate of Har- 
vard, and one daughter. 

Judge Sprague was of the sixth generation from William 1 Sprague. who came 
from England in 1629 to Salem, aim 1 finally settled in Hingham, where he tilled va- 
rious town offices. His son, Sergt. Samuel,* born in 1640, removed to Marshfield, 
where he became a valued citizen, filling numerous offices, besides being the fourth 
and last secretary of the Old Colony. Samuel, 9 hi- son, settled in Duxbury, and 
was father of Phineas,* a prominent citizen, whose son. the Hon. Seth* X/>ra</ue, 
father of the deceased, was a prominent merchant of Duxbury, and many years in 
the Massachusetts senate and house of representatives. n. ellxrt. 

Thomas Carter Smith, Esq., a resident member, admitted 1816, died at his resi- 
dence in Brimmer Street, Boston, September 24, 1880, in his both year. 

He was born in Court Street, Boston, duly 14, 1796. In 1811 he entered the 
Counting room of Messrs. Hopes & l'ickman, to lit himself for a mercantile career ; 
but he soon relinquished this employment for a sea-faring life. From 1815 to 16 
he made many voyages to the East Indies, the Mediterranean and South America, 
first in the capacity of Captain's clerk and afterwards as captain. He was full of 
anecdotes of his experience during these many visits to other lands; was wont to 
tell of his capture by Creek pirates, and of the many distinguished persons he had 
met and known. Prominent among these was Lord Byron, who took a great fancy 
to this young and handsome American, then living in Leghorn. He at one time 
while abroad lived under the same roof with the Princess Pauline Bonaparte. At 
home his family occupied a high social position ; thus accustomed to mingle in cul- 
tivated and refined circles, he was well fitted to meet, and be well received by, emi- 
nent persons abroad. 

Asa businessman he was active, honest, sagacious ; and firm as a rock when con- 
vinced he was in the right. From 1849 to 18(i8 he was president of the Merchants' 
Insurance Company ; and from 1842 to 1880 treasurer of the Lewis Wharf Corpo- 
ration. These offices he filled to his credit, proving himself worthy of the trusts. 

He was a strong character; strong in his affections ; strong in his likings, and 
equally strong in showing his dislike of mean ways and mean people. Eminently 
domestic in his tastes, he loved wife and children tenderly. Not knowing actually 
what sickness was till very recently ; with a strong religious faith in the great truths 
which underlie all creeds; rarely talking of his religious experiences, — for he hated 
cant, it only remained that a happy death should fitly end what he often called 
" a singularly happy life." 

And death came, after this long and useful life, and found him ready and well 
prepared to enter upon that other life beyond the grave. So he passed away, with. 

VOL. xxxv. 17* 

L94 Necrology of Historic^ Genealogical Society, [April, 

little suffering or pain of ;my kind, repeating the old hymns and prayers he asad to 
sty yean ago, and went without a murmur. 

He married, in i-*:n, Frances, daughter of I Barnard, of Nantucket, who 

survives him with five children, \i/.. : 1. France* Barnard ^ married Th >mss I 1 
Townsend ; 2. Hannah; 3. Thomas Carter y married Mary Gelpi, oi N< 
and hue one son Thomas; 4. William Vincent % who. since his father's death, has 
imed the name ol Garter, married Alice, daughter of the Rev. John Farkmtn, 
and has one son Theodore Parkman ; 5. E xzabtth /la//. 

Mr. Smith's li: r the most respectable character, is traced to Thomas 1 

Smith, oi Cbarlestown, Mass., who is said to hare some from England about 1060, 
and married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Boylston. Their son Oapt. William, 
March 34, 1666-7, was a wealthy Bhipmaster and merchant ol Cbarlestown. Be 
dud June .*<, 1730. His wife was Abigail, daughter of Isaac Powle. Their - 
Isaac, 9 one of the wealthiest merchants and the largest shipowner of his day in 
Boston; also a large contributor of fands to carry on the Revolution, w i in 

1719 and died in 1787. He married Elizabeth Storer. The Rev. William .Smith, 
of Weymouth, II. 0. 1725, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Col. John Quincy, 
and whose daughter Abigail married President John Adams, was his brother. 
William, 4 son oi' Isaac, 3 born in 17.">5 ; II. 0. 1775 ; a soldier of the Revolution and 
merchant of Boston, married Hannah Carter, of Newburyport, and was lather of 
Thomas Carter 5 Smith. Mr. Smith's uncle, Rev. Isaac Smith, II. 0. 17G7, was 
preceptor of By field Academy. u. e. 

Edmund Bailey O'Callaghan, M.D., LL.D., a corresponding member of this 
society since May 9, 1854, died at New York. May 29, 1880, aged 83 years. 

He was born at Mallow, County of Cork, Ireland. February -J 1 .'. 1797. The young- 
est son of a " well-to-do" family, he received a liberal education, and spent two 
years at Paris pursuing his studies. Returning to his home, he shortly pi 
ed to Canada, arriving at Quebec in 1823, where he continued the study of med- 
icine, and was admitted to practice in 1827. He became well known as an ardent 
friend of Ireland and of Irishmen in Canada, and became the editor of the Vindica- 
tor, the organ of the patriots. He was a member of the Provincial Parliament in 
1835, and in the difficulties between the patriots and the government in 1837, he 
took a prominent part with Papineau and Perrault. He fled from Canada, having 
became obnoxious to the government by the vigor of his opposition, and a reward 
was offered for his capture. He came to New York, and was received and sheltered 
by Chancellor Walworth at Saratoga. 

Dr. O'Callaghan commenced the practice of medicine at Albany in 1838, and was 
in a short time appointed custodian oi' the historical manuscripts in the office of the 
secretary of state at Albany. His studious habits and historical taste led him to 
extensive research among the early records of the state, and for this purpose he 
learned the Dutch language, the early archives being in that language. His lirst 
published work, the result of these researches, was " The History oi' New Nether- 
lands." Numerous historical works followed from his pen. notably the " Jesuit 
Relations of Discoveries,' 7 •• Documentary History of New York," *' Commissary 
"Wilson's Orderly Book," " Orderly Book of Gen. John Bnrgoyne," " Journal^ 
the Legislative Assemblies of the State of New York.'" " American Bibles," " The 
Register of New Netherlands," " Voyages of the slavers of St. John and Arms," 
" Voyage of George Clarke to America," " Historical Manuscripts relating to the 
War of the Revolution,' 1 ''Laws and Ordinances of New Netherlands. 1638-1674.'' 

In 1870 Dr. O'Callaghan removed to New York city, and was engaged in pn 
ing for the press the " Proceedings of the Common Council of New York from 1071 
to lrtTO." This was printed but Qever published, the reaction from the Tweed gov- 
ernment Leading the authorities to ignore the work. 

Dr. O'Callaghan was confined to his room two years previous to his death. The 
degree of M.I), was conferred on him in 1846 by St. Louis University; and St. John's 
College, Fordham, N. Y., conferred upon him that of LL.D. He was a member of 
the New Fork Historical Society, and was admitted a corresponding member of 
this society May 9, 1864. w. c. b. 

Prof. William Ohanning Fowler, LL.D., s resident member admitted February 
[9 1963, died at Durham, Conn., Jan. 15, 1881, in his 88th year. 

He was born in what ih now Clinton, Conn, (formerly Killingworth), September 

1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, 195 

1, 1793. When he was four years old his parents removed to Durham, and in 1809 
they removed again to Madison, Conn. From his early boyhood he was an eager 
seeker after books. Considering Dr. Fowler's great age at his death, it is certainly 
remarkable that one of the instructors under whose tuition he fitted for college, Dr. 
Leonard Withington, of Newbury, Mass., should still be living. Young Fowler 
entered Yale College in 1812, and was graduated in due course in 1816. During a 
part of his senior year he was Rector of the Hopkins Grammar School. Alter his 

fraduation he spent a year as private tutor in the family of Maj. John Armistead, 

Returning to New Haven he was again made Rector of the Grammar School, and 
commenced the study of theology. In 1819 he was chosen tutor, and held this office 
nearly five years. In the year 1825 he was settled as pastor of the Congregational 
Church in Greenfield, Mass. In 1827 he was chosen Professor of Chemistry and 
Natural History in Middlebury College. lie accepted and continued in office eleven 
years. In 1838 he took the Professorship of Rhetoric, Oratory and Belles Lettres in 
Amherst College, remaining in office four years. He continued to reside at Am- 
herst until 1856, when he removed to Durham, Conn., where he died. In 1850 he 
represented the town of Amherst in the Massachusetts legislature. In 1864 he was 
a member of the Connecticut Senate. In the year 1852 he went abroad and visited 
many of the libraries in the old world. In the course of his advancing age his mind 
was kept busy by various studies, historical, literary and genealogical. Among his 
published pamphlets and volumes are the following : Sermon at the ordination of 
Rev. Robert Southgate, Woodstock, 1832; Discourse before the Vermont Coloniza- 
tion Society, Middlebury, 1834, pp. 34 ; English Grammar : The English Language 
in its Elements and Forms, N. Y., 1850, pp. 675 : Cultivation of the Taste — Address 
atMt. Holyoke Female Seminary, Amherst, 1850, pp. 31 ; Address on Music, pp. 8 ; 
The Clergy and Popular Education, pp. 14; Sermon at the Dedication of South 
Congregational Church, Durham, Amherst, 1848; Address before the Middlesex 
County Agricultural Society, Middletown, 1853, pp. 19; Condition of Success in 
Genealogical Investigation, illustrated in the Character of Nathaniel Chauncey ; 
Paper read before the N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, 1866, pp. 28. The fol- 
lowing are bound volumes : Memorials of the Chaunceys, Boston, 1858 ; History of 
Durham from 1662 to 1866, Hartford, 1866 ; Local Law in Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut, historically considered, Albany, 1872 ; Essays, Historical, Literary and 
Educational, Hartford, 1876 ; The Sectional Controversy, or passages in the politi- 
cal history of the United States, including the Causes of the War between the sec- 
tions, with certain results, New York, 1868. 

Prof. Fowler was descended from William Fowler, of Milford, Conn., and on his 
mother's side from President Charles Chauncey. In addition to his literary labors, 
above noticed, he was, in 1845, editor of tho University Edition of Webster's* 

Prof. Fowler was married July 21 , 1825, to Mrs. Harriet ( Webster) Cobb, daughter 
of Noah Webster, lexicographer, and widow of Edward Cobb, of Portland, Conn. 
She died March 30, 1844. They had four children, three sons and a daughter. 

The Rev. John Wadmngton, D.D., of London, England, a corresponding mem- 
ber of this society since Dec. 27, 1854, died in London, September 30, 1880, aged 69 

He was born at Leeds Dec. 10, 1810; educated at Airdale College, and ordained 
pa6tor of the Congregational Church, Stockport, May 23, 1833. In 1846 Dr. Wad- 
dington removed to South wark, where he remained until 1871, in charge of a Con- 
gregational society. 

In 1859 he visited this country and was present at the dedicatory services at Ply- 
mouth Rock, in which he took part. 

The degree D.D. was conferred by Williams College. Dr. Waddington had pub- 
lished several works on religious topics, his Congregational History in four volumes 
being the best known in this country. w. c. b. 

Dana Boardman Putnam, M.D., of Boston, Mass., a resident member, was born 
in Rumford, Me., Sept. 19, 1825, and died at his home, 59 Temple Street, Boston, 
of pneumonia, Feb. 11, 1881. 

He was the son of Jacob Putnam, also born in Rumford, June 6, 1794, and of 
Betsey Parker, born in Yarmouth, Me., March 4, 1794. He was ol the ninth gene- 
ration from John Putnam of Salem (1634), through his son Nathaniel. The early 

196 Necrology of Historic > Genealogical Society. [April, 

years of Dr. Putnam were spent in labor upon his father's farm. At the ai r e of 
twenty lie entered upon his studies preparatory to college, at first in the Maine 
Wesleyan Seminary, and afterward in Yarmouth Seminary. In l*is he entered 
Ji iwdoio College, and was graduated, in due course, in 1852. lie pursued his med- 
ical studies at Bowdoin College, at Jefti raon Medical College, Pa., and at the Mi di- 
cal ( lollege of ( toorgia, receii ing from each oi these two last Darned institutions the 
degree oi M.D. ; from the former in 1853, and from the latter in 1854. During his 
course of education he paid his own way, and that chiefly by teaching 6chool in 
the winters. 

As a physician he settled in Troup County, Georgia, in 1850, where he remained 
for sixteen years, having a large medical practice on an extended territory. The 
region over which he rode, day and night, was malarious, and his health suffered 
severely from these exposures. At Length came the war of the rebellion. Though 
he had endeavored to leave for the north before this contest began, he was dela; 
and was compelled to remain south during the years in which the Btruggle la-ted. 
In 1868 he came north with his family, and settled as a physician in Boston, where 
he has since resided. 

Dr. Putnam was united in marriage, December 19, 1851, to Iluldah Jane Manly, 
daughter of Richard Manly, of Alabama. By this union were five children, two 
sons and three daughters, who with their mother survive. Dr. P. was prominently 
connected with the Masons and Odd-Fellows, as also with the Sons of Temperance. 
He was a man of good culture, and used his pen freely, as occasion called, both in 
prose and verse. For one year (1855) he was Professor of Languages in the south- 
ern Military Academy at Fredoma, Alabama. 

For some years past he has given special attention to genealogical studies, and 
has been deeply interested in preparing a Putnam family tree. Upon this he 
has inserted the names of an immense number of that prolific race which sprang 
from John Putnam of Salem. He has gathered more than 2,000 names of the male 
descendants of John Putnam. 

Dr. Putnam was made a member of the society, Oct. 6, 1879. 

The Rev. Silas Ketchum, a resident member, was born in Barre, Yt., Dec. 4, 
1835. He was the son of Silas and Cynthia ( Doty) Ketchum. 

At the age of fifteen he learned the shoemaker's trade, and by its practice helped 
to support his invalid parents until the death of his father in 1855. His leisure 
time, forced out of late hours, was devoted to the study of hard earned books. He 
entered the Hopkinton Academy in the spring of 1856, and although his opportu- 
nities for study had been so limited, he was by no means an inferior scholar. Be- 
fore leaving the academy, he served as assistant teacher ; and, in 1858-59, he taught 
in the high school at Amherst. In May, 1860, he entered Appleton Academy. New 
Ipswich, and this was his last term at school. He married, April 4, 1860, 1 1 orgia 
Cevetia Hardy, daughter of Elbridge and Sarah (Stevens) Hardy, of Amherst, by 
whom he had two children — 1. George Crowd! ; 2. Edmund Silas. 

In the autumn of 1860 he entered Bangor Theological Seminary, and graduated 
in 1863. During the three years here he supported himself and family by working 
at his trade of shoemaking. He also pursued many studies outside of those required 
in the seminary. 

After graduating he taught for a short term in Nelson High School, while await- 
ing an engagement as pastor. In December, 1863, Mr. Ketchum commenced 
preaching at Wardsboro', Yt., remaining there until September, 1865. He was or- 
dained pastor of the Congregational Church at Bristol, N. H., Sept. 17. 1867, and 
remained thereuntil May k J. 1875. From July, 1875. till October, 1876. he was 
minister of the Congregational Church at Maplewood (Maiden), Mass. He preached 
at Henniker through the fall and winter of 1876-77. On the 15th of July. 1877, 
he commenced preaching to the Second Congregational Church, Windsor, Conn., 
and was installed its pastor May 1, 1879, where he continued to preach until a few 
Weeks previous to his death. He was highly esteemed as a faithful and self-sacri- 
ficing pastor. 

His love for literary pursuits began at an early age. As soon as he learned to 
read and write he began a diary on odds and ends of paper which he afterwards 
kept in note books. While at school he wrote Beveral creditable articles in pn 

and verse, and his school "compositions" were oi' superior merit. In 1860-61 he 

became a regular contributor to various papers and periodicals in New England. 

He published many works in book and pamphlet form. His greatest literary un- 

1881.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 197 

dertaking, a Dictionary of New Hampshire Biography, on account of failing health 
and for other reasons, was left uncompleted. His manuscripts were bequeathed by 
him to this society, and it is hoped that arrangements will be made for the comple- 
tion and publication of the work. 

He was an active member of various societies. In 1873 he became a member of 
the New Hampshire Historical Society, and Feb. 10, 1878, a resident member of 
this society. He was the leading spirit of the Philomathic Club, which became 
the nucleus of the N. H. Antiquarian Society. lie joined the Free Masons in 1864, 
and was chaplain of the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire, 1871-75. 

His last sermon was preached March 21, 1880, and he died in Boston, at the resi- 
dence of Mr. Gage, April 24 following. w. c. b. 

Col. James Hemphill Jones, U. S. Marines, a life member, was the son of Morgan 
and Mary (Hemphill) Jones, and was born at Wilmington, Delaware, May 6, 1821, 

He was educated at the high school at Ellington, Conn., and entered the revenue 
Bervice March 3, 1847, as second lieutenant, and afterwards the Marine Corps, 
where he rose to the rank of colonel. He was an ornament to the service and high- 
ly respected by his associates. 

Col. Jones was a man of cultivated tastes, fond of historical studies; and a most 
hospitable man, who delighted to give entertainments to his friends. His house was 
filled with valuable curiosities, pictures and other works of art. He was a gener- 
ous contributor to this and other libraries. He was a member of the Historical 
Society of Delaware, which society is indebted to him for valuable contributions to 
its library. He was admitted a member of this society Nov. 7, 1873, and had pre- 
pared an essay to be read before it on Napoleon at St. Helena, on which he had be- 
stowed much research. 

He married, September 27, 1842, Margaret Ross Patterson, who survives him. 
He died at his official quarters in the Charlestown navy-yard, April 17, 1880, after 
thirty-three years of service, during which he had passed through many active en- 
gagements on land and sea. His illness lasted but a few days, oeing a severe case 
of pneumonia. The funeral services were held Tuesday afternoon, April 20, at St. 
John's Church, Charlestown, of which he was junior warden, Rev. Thomas R. 
Lambert, D.D., officiating, assisted by Rev. Nathan 11. Chamberlain, and one other 
clergyman. The remains were taken to Wilmington, Del., where they arrived 
April 2, and were interred in the Wilmington and Brandywine Cemetery. 

A singular coincidence occurred shortly after this funeral. The brother of 
our member, Mr. William Hemphill Jones, having attended the ceremonies at 
Charlestown, died suddenly in Washington on the next Friday, April 27th. His 
death was caused by a severe cold contracted while attending the funeral of his 
brother. His own funeral took place on the Monday following, and was attended 
by many distinguished men. He was the one to whom Gen. Dix, then secretary of 
the treasury, gave his famous order : " If any one attempts to haul down the Amer- 
ican flag, shoot him on the spot." See Preble's "History of the United States 
Flag," page 399. w. c. b. 

John Scribner Jenness, A.B., of New York city, a corresponding member, was 
born in Deerfield, N. H., April 6, 1827, and died at Newcastle, N. H., August 10, 
1879, aged 52 years. 

He was the only son of Richard and Caroline (McClintock) Jenness. His father 
was born at South Deerfield, N. H., in 1801, and his mother at Portsmouth, N. H., 
in 1804. The ancestor of the family, Francis 1 Jennings, arrived in New Hampshire 
about 1665, and resided for the last forty-five years of his life at Rye, N. H. He mar- 
ried, 1671, Hannah Cox, daughter of Moses Cox, of Hampton. From them through 
Richard," 1 born 1686, Richard* born 1717, Richard* born 1747, Thomas, 5 born 
1772, and Richard, 6 his father, 1801, he traces his descent. 

Mr. Jenness graduated at Harvard College in 1845. In 1849 he entered upon 
the practice of law at Portsmouth, N. H., and removed from thence to the 
city of New York in 1851, where he continued in his profession until about 1870, 
visiting Europe however in the summers of 1860 and 1865. Most of the years 1873 
and 1874 were also spent with his family in Europe, and since his return his studies 
have been directed to literary and antiquarian pursuits. Among his published 
works is " A Historical Sketch of the Isles of Shoals," 1874 — an admirable little 
volume which soon reached a second and enlarged edition. In 1876 he edited and 
printed a collection of early documents relating to New Hampshire. Later, he 

198 Boole Notices. [April, 

printed for the use of bis friends, " N a the Fire! Planting of New Hamp- 

shire, and "ii the Piflcataqna Patents." In 1872 he issued for private circulation a 
" Memorial of the late Hon. Richard Jenness," with :i (genealogy of the •)> i 
family. Also, in 1866, a book of European travel. At the time of his decease lie 
ar advanced in the composition of a historical romance founded un events and 
characters in Acadia more than two centuries ag >. 

Mr. .Jelling bad a fine poetic taste. II' 1 was fond of music and mountain 
hilly that ol northern Europe. The literature he best knew, and 
enjoyed most, was the old English, and that of the north, the Scandinavian ; and 
in the Legendary history of Norway and the frontiers of Hungary, which he 
era! times \ isited, hi' was well versed. His library, a line one. w a- we with 

Scandinavian literature and with English local histories. He was p of a 

■wonderful memory, a quick perception, a strong intellect, with great enthusiasm 
and force of character. 

He married, February 9, 1866, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of William I. Pease, of 
New fork city, who, with three daughters, 1. Caroline McClintock^ 2. Mary Uali- 
bur/on, and 3. Clara Rosina, survived him. The widow has since died. 

He was admitted a corresponding member March 1, 1876. 


Elias Hasket Derby, A.M., of Boston, a resident member since May 11, 1874, 
died at Boston, March 31, 1880, aged 76. 

He was born at Salem, Sept. 24, 1803, a son of Elias H.* and Lucy (Brown) 
Derby, and descended from Roger 1 Derby, who emigrated from Tope nam, 
land, about 1605, and settled in Essex County, Mass., through Richard.- Ri< hard, 3 
Elias Hasket* Elias Hasket, 5 his father, who was born and bred in Boston, but 
later in life resided in Charlestown and Londonderry, N. H. A memoir of the first 
Elias Hasket Derby is published in the Lives of Eminent American Merchant 

Mr. Derby commenced his studies at the academy of Dr. Stearns, of Medford, 
then attended the Pinkerton Academy at Londonderry, X. 11.. and the Boston Latin 
School. He entered Harvard College and graduated with the Latin Salutat 
1824. He then studied law for a time in the office of Daniel Webster, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1826, where he attained a high position. He was much in- 
terested in railroads, being engaged as counsel in many important eases connected 
with their interests, and held the office of president of several railway companies. 
His interest and knowledge of various interests and public question- was very ex- 
tended and full. He was what we call a public-spirited man, contributing to maga- 
zines and newspapers his opinions upon many public questions. One of the last 
questions engaging his attention was that of the sewerage system of i'. 
Among other works he published, Two Months Abroad, l s ll ; The Catholic. 1856 : 
A Trip Across the Continent, known as the Overland Route to the Pacific, and 
several others. Mr. Derby had travelled through most of the states of our Union, 
and had been three times to Europe, travelling over the greater part of it. 

He married Eloise Floyd Strong, daughter of George W . Strong, of St. George's 
Manor, Long Island, afterwards an eminent lawyer of New York. 

Mr. Derby leaves four sons and one daughter — Dr. Hasket Derby, oculist; 
George Derby, counsellor at law ; Dr. Richard H. Derby, oculist, of New York ; 
Nelson Floyd Derby, architect, and Lucy Derby. w. c. b. 


Tiik EniTon requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each hook, with the amount to be added for .t by 


The North American Review. Edited by Allxn Thobndiki Ricb. [Published 
monthly by I). Appleton & Co., New York. Terms ; $5 no per annum.] 

The life of this leading and representative literary review, a long period 

in the histon of American letters. We speak oi' life as meaning vitality, and 

force, and influence and all these belong especially to the old •• North American.' 

1881.] Booh Notices. 199 

Established originally in 1815 by William Tudor, it soon became the organ of an 
association of the foremost literary gentlemen and scholars of Boston, and early 
received the aid of such brilliant writers of the time as William Tudor, Nathan 
Hale, Richard II. Dana, Edward T. Channing and Jared Sparks. It led a some- 
what varying life up to 1820, when the editorship was assumed by Edward Everett, 
who filled the position for four years. It then became the property of that distin- 
guished scholar and historian, Jared Sparks, by whom it was edited until 1830. 
The Review from its foundation received the contributions of the foremost scholars 
and writers in the country, while of that distinguished number of persons eminent 
for literary, scientific or professional learning who resided in the neighborhood of 
Boston, nearly all were contributors to its pages. Among these may be mentioned 
Chief Justice Shaw, John Adams, Josiah Quincy, Daniel Webster, Judge Story, 
Dr. Bowditch, William II. Prescott, Edward Everett, J. G. Palfrey, William Cul- 
len Bryant, Thcophilus Parsons, Caleb dishing and George Ticknor. In 1830 the 
Review passed under the editorial management of Hon. John G. Palfrey — the now 
venerable historian of New England — who conducted it for seven years. Among 
the distinguished contributors to its pages during this period were Admiral Davis, 
Lewis Cass, Rufus Choate, Prof. Cornelius C. Felton, Henry R. Schoolcroft and 
J. Lothrop Motley. In 1842 Mr. Francis Bowen became its editor, which service 
was rendered by him until 1854, when he was succeeded by Rev. Andrew P. Pea- 
body, who continued to edit it for a period of ten years. During this period the pages 
of the review were enriched by the contributions of George S. Ilillard, Richard H. 
Dana, Jr., Charles Francis Adams, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Charles Sumner, Ralph 
Waldo Emerson and Henry W. Longfellow. The more recent history of the Re- 
view, which embraces the successive editorial work of James Russell Lowell, Ed- 
ward L. Godkin and Allen Thorndike Rice, is familiar to all scholars ; and with 
this modern period new and vigorous writers are furnishing articles to its pages, 
which, as the years go on, will not suffer in comparison with the contributions of 
those brilliant and foundation writers who, in the early days of American litera- 
ture, made this grand old review the synonym of all that was scholarly, and able 
and profound in letters. During the past two years the review, in its monthly 
form — which we are far from approving — has treated in a manly way almost every 
vital subject of literature, social science and national polity. The names of some 
of its contributors are new, but they are becoming quite representative, while 
among them are not a few of the foremost scholars of the time — James Anthony 
Fronde, Goldwin Smith, Sir James E. Thorold Rogers, George Ticknor Curtis,' 
George S.Boutwell, David A. Wells, Francis Parkman, Richard H. Stoddard, Alex- 
ander Winchell, Henry W. Bellows. Of great and special value to all scholars of 
American history and antiquity, is the series of articles now publishing on the ru- 
ined cities of Central America, by M. Desire Charnay, illustrated by heliotype 
plates, and forming one of the most important contributions to American history 
that has appeared in late years. The introduction to this series by the editor, Mr. 
Rice, which appeared in the number for August last, is a fine example of compact, 
clear and brilliant writing. If less American than formerly in its choice of writers 
and treatment of subjects, and more international — and on this account less 
acceptable to a few readers — it must be remembered that American scholarship 
is more cosmopolitan, and treatment of all great questions bears a more intimate 
relation to the nations, than in the early days of our literature. While being 
somewhat international it is nevertheless truly American, and what is more is the 
North American Review of Bryant and Irving, Ticknor and Bancroft, Everett and 

[By Samuel L. Boardman, Esq., of Augusta, Me.] 

History of Newton, Massachusetts, Town and City, from its Earliest Settlement to 
the Present Time. 1030 to 1880. By S. F. Smith, D.D. Boston: The Ameri- 
can Logotype Company. 1880. [8vo. pp. xi.-|-851, with map and illustrations. 
Price $4.50 in cloth; $5.50 in Arabesque leather, and $6.50 in half calf. For 
sale by A. Williams & Co. ,283 Washington Street, Boston.] 

The beautiful city of Newton, with its picturesque scenery of hill, dale and river, 
its broad shady avenues, its handsome churches, public buildings and private es- 
tates, its neat and well-ordered general appearance, the lovely views on the Charles 
River, as it winds its serpentine coils around three sides of the town, recalling 
Longfellow's lines, 

200 Booh Notices. [April, 

" River ! That in silence windest 

Through the meadows bright and free, 
Till at night thy rest thou findest 
In the bosom of the sea !" 

These qualities, together with its quiet air of comfort and repose, might well inspire 
the eloquence of the poet or the skill of the painter, as well as the matter-of-fact 
description of the historian. Newton is in its modern garb one of the finest examples 
of Massachusetts taste, culture and wealth, as exhibited in the development of sub- 
urban cities ; and this fact, coupled with the remarkable natural beauty of its lo- 
cality, render it one of those lovely and attractive spots which the citizens of our 
old Commonwealth may justly look upon with pleasure and with pride. 

Newton has found an able chronicler in the person of the Rev. Dr. S. F. Smith, 
who, although he has not dwelt much upon the local beauty of his subject, has yet 
brought to bear upon it a commendable industry, which the seeker after local his- 
torical facts will readily appreciate. He has followed Dr. Paige to some extent in 
that author's history of Cambridge, the parent town of Newton. The early history 
and gradual progress of the latter through all the vicissitudes of fortune which 
usually mark the record of our provincial towns, is given with fidelity and justice. 
The various institutions of Newton are described in detail, and the public spirit of 
its citizens is well expressed in the following extract from a portion of the address 
of George H. Jones, Esq., on the occasion of the transfer of the Newton Free Li- 
brary to the city government, March 16, 1876, which Dr. Smith gives on page 680 : 

" The citizens of Newton have ever recognized that public benefits require public 
benevolence, and that the giving must precede the enjoyment of the benefit." 

Some other towns might adopt this idea with advantage. The series of remini- 
scences and sketches of the prominent public men of Newton is made an especial 
feature, and renders the volume of additional interest to the general reader. Por- 
traits of James F. Hyde, William Claflin, Seth Davis, Alden Speare, Otis Pettee, 
the Rev. Joseph Grafton. Alfred L. Baury, D. L. Furber, Barnas Sears, Marshall 
S. Rice, H. J. Ripley, Irah Chase, H. B. Hackett, J. Wiley Edmands, William B. 
Fowle, Alexander H. Rice, A. B. Ely, R. M. Pulsifer, and the author, are given, 
together with illustrations of the various public buildings, and a fac-simile of Dr. 
Smith's manuscript of his well-known hymn, " America." The book is printed in 
good style, and altogether adds another worthy volume to the growing list of town 

[By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq., of South Boston, Mass.] 

Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire: Session 1879-80: 
Vol. xxxii. Liverpool : Adam Holden, 48 Church Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 204.] 

This Society, formed in 1848, now, by a steady rate of progression, ranks among 
the most effective and important of similar societies in England, and probably has 
no superior in any one of them. Confining its researches and publications to mat- 
ters pertaining almost exclusively to the two counties named, it has already done 
a vast amount of good work, both as regards the general antiquities and early his- 
tory of the district, and the history of its important families. Its series of publica- 
tions contain much of interest to historical students on both sides of the Atlan- 
tic. The contents of the present volume are varied in character, but all of more 
or less permanent value, among which may be specially named an excellent account 
of the Clayton families of Cheshire and of Ireland, by Mr. J. Paul Ry lands, Cor- 
responding Member of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society. The number 
of Honorary Members is limited to thirty, and it may be mentioned that at the last 
election two Americans had this honor conferred upon them, in connection with Sir 
Bernard Burke and Mr. John Ruskin. 

[By Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., of London, England.] 

History of the Town of Antrim, New Hampshire, from its Earliest Settlement to 
June 27, 1877, with a brief Genealogical Record of all (he Antrim Families. By 
Rev. W. R. Cochrane, Pastor of the Presbyterian Church. Published by the Town. 
Manchester, N. II. : Mirror Steam Job Printing Press. 1880. [8vo. pp. xxiv.-f- 
791. With Portraits, Illustrations and Town Map.] 

The old town of Londonderry, N. II., of which Antrim is one of the numerous 
outgrowths, was in former days one of the most important towns in New Hamp- 
shire, only surpassed by that of Portsmouth. It was settled by some of the I 
material that came over previous to the Revolution — the thrifty and energetic 

1881.] Book Notices. 201 


Scotto-Irish colonists from Londonderry, Ireland, from which place the American 
settlement wan named. The gallant defence of Londonderry in the old country 
against the army of James II. and in the cause of King William III., in 1689, 18 
most vividly described by the Rev. Mr. Cochrane in his introductory chapter to this 
history of Antrim, and forms one of the most interesting feature's of the book. 
Those colonists were Protestants and Presbyterians ; but, though sharing the reli- 
gious beliefs of a Large portion of the Massachusetts people, were much misrepre- 
sented by the latter, who entertained a prejudice against them without reason ami 
without fact to justify it. The result of this was the loss to Massachusetts of a 
population which would have greatly vitalized and strengthened her power, but 
which sought in the wilderness of New Hampshire for the freedom here denied 
them. Thus established, Londonderry rapidly grew in strength and resources, and 
became the parent of numerous surrounding towns, Antrim being one. One oft 
settlements was made as far west as Cherry Valley, New fork. These towns have 
to some extent a common history, and the various vicissitudes incidental to a fron- 
tier life, exposed to Indian warfare, arc given by the author with care and accur 
He has also described at Borne length the complications and disputes arising from 
the question of jurisdiction and proprietary rights to the New Hampshire territory, 
between the descendants of Capt. John Mason and the Massachusetts authorities. 

Antrim, like Londonderry, derives in name from an Irish town. It ap| 
from Mr. Cochrane's description, to be very pleasantly located. It- inhabitants 
maintained their ancestral reputation for intelligence, thrift, energy and patriotism. 
When the Lexington alarm sounded the call to arm-, every male person Capabl 

bearing arms rushed to the front, a recor I scarcely paralleled in the history of any 

other town ; and this too when the settlement was in its infancy, the rude log ho 
scarcely Bnished and the farms hardly developed. The gallant General John Stark 
and Col. George Reid are instances, among numerous others, of the patriotism which 
this section of the country produced. 

Mr. Cochrane's introductory chapter is as full of interest as any in the volume, 
and readers who are in the habit of neglecting introductions will find they I 
missed much important matter by 8 I doing in this instance. The larger portion of 
the book is devoted t» genealogical matter, which appears to have been very tho- 
roughly written. Portraits of prominent citizens are given, together with illustra- 
tions ot churches and residences. Mr. Cochrane has added a valuable contribution 
to local history by this account of a people who contributed to establish and to make 
up their full share of the sturdy Xew England character. Ii is a subject for con- 
gratulation that the circle of these town histories is widening, as many an impor- 
tant fact is here discovered which has been the object of tedious and often fruitless 
research on the part of the more ambitious historian. 

[By Oliver B. Stcbbins, Esq.] 

Circulars of Information of the Bureau of Education 1880 Washington : 

Government Printing Office. 1880. [8vo. No. 1, pp. 27; No. 2, pp. Ill ; No. 
3, pp. 96 ; No. 4, pp. 100 ; No. 5, pp. 26.] 

In the Register for July last (xxxiv. SH9), the Circulars of this Bureau for the 
year 1870 were noticed. Those issued in 1880 are equally valuable. The subjects 
areas follows: No. 1, College Libraries as Aids to Instruction; No. 2, Proceedings 
of the National Education Association, Feb. 18-20, 1880; No. 3, Legal Rights of 
Children; No. 4, Rural School Architecture ; No. 5, English Rural Schools. 

The Journal of Education, Boston, Feb. 3, 1881, speaks of the Bureau as follows : 

" The growth of the National Bureau of Education is one of the most remarka- 
ble phenomena of the new order of affairs in Washington. In the face of congres- 
sional neglect, and too often of senseless opposition from North and South, it has 
increased under the intelligent and persistent efforts of Commissioner Eaton, till it 
is now in the condition of an overgrown boy trying to navigate in a suit of clothes 
that was a tight tit five years ago. It is to be hoped that President Garfield, who 
may almost be called the father of this Bureau, and is by all odds our most culti- 
vated president since the second Adams, will follow up the splendid initiative of 
President Hayes, and bring education so decisively to the front that our government 
will finally establish a distinct department to which the management of the proposed 
education land-fund shall be intrusted. But at present the Bureau of Education 
is the only place in the United States where the student can find a collection of doc- 
uments representing the condition of all peoples in this regard." 

VOL. XXXV. 18 

202 Booh Notices. [April, 

On Some Curiosities and Statistics of Parish Registers. By the Rev. "W. C. Plen- 
derlkatii. [H. V.x E. Ball, Printers, Devizes", Wiltshire, England. 8vo. pp. 36.] 
The establishment of parochial or parish Registers in England by royal authority 
in 1538, is one of the fruits of the Reformation in that Isle. Never has this act 
been disapproved. Parliament, on the Other hand, has several times inte md 

amended the Bystem, which is now quite perfect. 

For a period of nearly three hundred and fifty years, the births or baptisms, 
marriages and deaths, the three most important events in the lives of men and wo- 
men, are registered. Of these Registers there are now over eight hundred extant, 
which begin in 1538 and are continued to this day — precious memorials of our 

The Rev. Mr. Plenderleath, rector of Cherhill, co. Wilts, has prepared and print- 
ed a very interesting and useful historical sketch of the English system of Regis- 
tration, extending from the days of the Reformation to this time. His making a full 
index to his own parish records, led him to look into other parish records, and to 
make note of the many curious things he found there. He very justly concluded 
that his transcripts and statistics were worthy of being brought to the notice of 
antiquaries, and he might have added, of humorists, for it seems that not all is 
" serious " in the records 'of mortality. A great deal of information is contained 
in these few pages. 

[By Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston.] 

Collections of the Old Colony Historical Society, No. 2. Papers read before the 
Society, April 7, 1879, and January 12, 1880. [Society seal.] Taunton, Mass.: 
Published by the Society : Press of C. A. Hack & Son. 1880. [8vo. pp. 113.] 
The first paper in this pamphlet is by Charles A. Reed, and is entitled " The 
Province of Massachusetts Bay in the Seventeenth Century, with a Sketch of Capt. 
Thomas Coram, Founder of the Foundling JJospital in London." Coram was a resi- 
dent of New England in the latter part of the seventeenth and the beginning of the 
eighteenth century, most of the time residing in Taunton. Much interesting matter 
concerning him and the manners and customs in early days in the colon) 7 and the 
province of Massachusetts Bay will be found in this paper. 

The second paper is by the Hon. Henry Williams, entitled " Was Elizabeth Pool 
the First Purchaser of the Territory and Foundress of Taunton?" This is an able 
examination of the question. Every fact bearing upon it appears to have been col- 
lected and impartially stated, and the result dispels most of the romance which has 
heretofore invested the settlement of Taunton. Gov. Winthrop in his History of 
New England, under date of 1637, says that Miss Poole began a plantation in that 
year at " Tecticutt .... called after Taunton," and there is a reference to a pur- 
chase. by her from the Indians in 1037 in an Indian deed dated July 20, 1686 ; but 
all other records and documents of an early date appear to be against these state- 
ments. There is, however, some mystery hanging about her connection with the 
settlement of Taunton which we hope will be cleared up. 

Publications of the Civil-Service Reform Association, No. 1. Purposes of the Civil- 
Service Reform Association. [New York : 1881. 12mo. pp. 16.] 

The president of the Civil-Service Association is George William Curtis, and its 
secretary Richard L. Dugdale. Its location is 79 Fourth Avenue, New York city. 
Any one desiring to become a member can do so by sending two dollars, the annual 
fee, to the secretary, who will also furnish those who wish to circulate petitions 
to Congress for civil-service reform, with blanks for the purpose. 

The pamphlet before us shows the evils of the spoils system, and points out 
some practical remedies. 

The Boston Almanac and Business Directory, 1881, Vol. 46. [Engraving.] Samp- 
son, Davenport & Co. No. 155 Franklin Street, Boston. Price $1.00. [21mo. 
pp. 552.] 

The first of this scries was published in 1836 in a thin l8mo. of only SI pages. 
The present volume is more than six times as thick, and is improved in other re- 
spects. In our notice of the issue for 1862 (Register, xvi. 387), we gave a his- 
tory of this almanac. We then stated that " an index, properly prepared, ol mat- 
ters of permanent interest in the volumes from the commencement .... would 
reveal a mass of valuable information of the existence of which few are aware."' 
There have since been added nineteen volumes to the twenty-seven then published, 
and the valuable matter has been proportiouably increased. 

1881.] Booh Notices. 203 

Pennsylvania in the War of the Revolution, Battalions and Line, 1775-1783. Edit- 
ed by John Blair Linn [andl William H. Egle, M.D. Volume I. Harrisburg : 
Lane S. Hart, State Printer. 1880. [8vo. pp. 794.] 

Though our own state has neglected to print and thus place beyond the reach of 
accident the honored names of her officers and soldiers, who assisted in establishing 
the independence of our country, we are glad to see that some of the other states 
are not derelict in their duty in this respect. Massachusetts has rich materials in 
her archives illustrating not only the revolutionary war, but her earlier history also ; 
and yet, though she has been lavish in printing documents of ephemeral interest, 
she has done little within the past quarter of a century to preserve in print these 
invaluable papers, and thus disseminate among her people the proud record they 
bear to the worth of their ancestors. 

The book before us forms the tenth volume of the Pennsylvnia Archives now 
in the course of publication. This and the eleventh volume yet to be issued, will 
contain the names of the officers and soldiers from Pennsylvania in the Revolution- 
ary war, and the Orderly Books of the Pennsylvania line. The rosters of the several 
battalions and regiments are given separately, with a history of each prefixed. Nu- 
merous portraits and autographs of officers, plans of battles, etc., are given. It 
must have cost much time and labor to collect so full lists as are here given, to col- 
late the varying original rolls and correct the errors which are always found. The 
editors deserve great credit for the satisfactory manner in which they have per- 
ibrmed their task. Both of them have gained reputations as authors. Dr. Egle is 
the author of the History of Pennsylvania, noticed in the Register (xxxi. 136), 
and is a painstaking and thorough investigator of American history. We shall 
again refer to this work. 

Proceedings of the New England Methodist Historical Society at the First Annual 

Meeting, January 17, 1881. [Seal. Motto: " Occultus non Extinctus."] Boston: 

Society's Rooms, 36 Bromfielu Street. 1881. [8vo. pp. 24.1 

We fraternally and cordially welcome to the ever expanding field of history and 
of knowledge this new organization composed of members connected with one of 
the most respectable, rapidly developing and influential religious denominations of 
the country. The object of this association, in the words of its constitution, article 
2, " shall be to found and perpetuate a library of books, pamphlets and manu- 
scripts, and a collection of portraits and relies of the past; to maintain a reading 
room ; to preserve whatever shall illustrate the history and promote the interests of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church." Among its officers may be mentioned, ex-(iov. 
William Clarlin, LL.D., of Newton, President, and our friend and associate, Wil- 
lard S. Allen, A.M., of East Boston, librarian. May the progress and success of 
the society be commensurate with its laudable undertakings. 

[Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston.] 

Lancashire Inquisitions returned into the Chancery of the Duchy of Lancaster and 
now existing in the Public Record Office, London. Stuart Period, Part I.. I 
to 11 James 1. Edited by J. Paul Rylands, E.S.A. Printed for the Record So- 
ciety. 1880. [8vo. pp. 320.] 

This is the third volume of the publications of the Record Society of Lancashire 
and Cheshire, the first volume of which was noticed in April last (Register, 
xxxiv. 221). 

The value of Inquisitions as materials for genealogy is too well known to require 
any explanation. Those in this book have a peculiar interest to the people of New 
England, as many of her first settlers came from Lancashire, and the period here 
selected (1603-1614) is that just preceding their emigration. The abstracts here 
given were made from the original Latin by Mr. John A. C. Vincent. 

The editor, Mr. Rylands, has , prefixed an Introduction containing much inter- 
esting information concerning these records. A good index is driven. 


History of the Colony of New Haven to its Absorption into Connecticut. By Ed- 
ward E. Atwater. New Haven : Printed for the Author. 1881. [8vo. pp. ix. 
+611. Maps and Illustrations. For sale by Lee & Shepard and A. Williams & 
Co. Price $4.00.] 

The little colony of New Haven, with its half dozen towns, had such a brief in- 
dependent career that its existence is scarcely known save to a few diligent workers 
in the historic field. Its history, commencing in April, 1638, was terminated at the 
close of the year 1664, a period of little more than a quarter of a century, by its 

204 Booh Notices. [April, 

unconditional Burrender to its neighbor Connecticut, to avoid falling under the do- 
minion o\ New \ oik. Even in that short period, however, its influence was such as to 
have an important effect on the de8tiniesof the adjacent territory. If the New Ha- 
ven colony had not existed, it is probable that an attempt would have been made 
with a greater prospect of success, to make the Connecticut river the boundary be- 
tween New York and New England. Nor must we forget that it was to a son of one 
of its founders that we owe the second New England university, the influence of 
which has contributed so much to mould the life and character of many of our 
prominent men. 

The object of the author was to bring more fully to the view of " the community 
in which he lived " the history of this little colony, and well and worthily has he 
accomplished his design, not only to that community but to the general historical 
reader of New England. His two maps of New Haven and Milford are exceedingly 
interesting, as by them the landed property of each of the original settlers may be 
easily located. His description of the attempts to capture Goffe and Whalley by 
the regicide-hunters of Charles II., and the devices to shield these sturdy republi- 
cans by Gov. Leete and others, will be read with much pleasure. The entire work 
is written with care, thoroughness and ability. It is clearly printed and neatly 
bound, and altogether makes a very desirable volume and a worthy accession to 
our historical literature. 

[By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq., of Boston.] 

Light thrown by the Jesuits upon hitherto Obscure Points of Early Maryland Histo?'y. 
.... By Rev. Edward D. Neill. [8vo. pp. 9.] 

AVe have often borne testimony to the value of the labors of the Rev. Mr. Neill in 
American historical literature. The present paper was read last year before the 
Department of American History of the Minnesota Historical Society. Mr. Neill 
finds in the recently published " Records of the English Society of Jesus," new 
facts illustrating the early history of Maryland, and confirming the opinion pre- 
viously expressed by him, that the old story found in school histories and other 
works, that Maryland was " a Roman Catholic Colony and the first home of reli- 
gious liberty upon the continent of North America " is not true. 

Journal of the Voyage of the " Missionary Packet" Boston to Honolulu, 1826. 
By James Hunnewell. With Maps and Plates and a Memoir. Charlestown : 
1880. [Royal 4to. pp. 77. Edition 100 copies only.] 

The editor of this handsome book is Mr. James F. Hunnewell, son of the author 
of the journal here printed. It forms No. 8 of his " Privately Printed Works." 
Ten years ago Mr. Hunnewell was invited to write for the Register an account of 
his father and his voyage to Honolulu. That account was not prepared, however, 
till recently, and he has preferred to issue it as a separate work, with the journal in 
full to accompany it. 

The author of the journal was the commander of the " Missionary Packet." a 
small vessel of about forty tons, sent out by the American Board of Commissioners 
for Foreign Missions to the Sandwich Islands for the use of missionaries there. It 
sailed from Boston January 18, and arrived at Honolulu October 21, 182(5. making 
the passage in about nine months, including stoppages at several ports on the way. 

Gapt. Hunnewell resided four years in the Sandwich Islands, engaged in mercan- 
tile business, and then returned to Charlestown, which place he reached in April, 
1831. Here he resided till May, 1669, when he died at the ripe age of seventy-live. 

The book throws light upon the character and condition of the people of the 
Sandwich Islands half a century a<ro. It is illustrated by several well executed 
heliotypes, among them a drawing of the " Missionary Packet.'* a portrait of 
Capt. Hunnewell, a portrait of king Kamehameha I., and a view of Honolulu in 

New England Historic, Genealogical Society. Proceedings on the Twenty-Fifth Day 
of October t 1880, Commemorative of the Organization of the Government of Mas* 
sachuseits under the Constitution on the Twenty-Fifth !)<>>/ of October^ 1790, to- 
gether with thi Proceedings at the Stoic House anil at the City Hall on the Some 
Day. [Society's Seal.] Boston : The Society's House, 18 Somerset Street. L880, 
[8vo. pp. 67. Price 25 cts. | 
The 25th of Ootober last was the centenary of the Constitution o[ Massachus 

one hundred years having that day been completed since the organization of the 

1881.] Booh Notices. 205 

state government under a constitution. Gov. Long issued a proclamation on the 
18th of that month, recommending the people to take appropriate notice of the 
event. He also instituted a commemorative service at the State House, at which he 
made a brief speech, and ex-president Hopkins, of Williams College, made a 
fitting prayer. Flags were displayed and cannon were fired ; and the Old State 
House in Boston, where the state government had been organized in 1780, was deco- 
rated, by the city authorities, with flags and inscriptions. 

The New England Historic, Genealogical Society held a special meeting to com- 
memorate the event, which President Wilder opened by a brief speech, and at which 
Messrs. William W. Whcildon, Thomas 0. Amory and Nathaniel F. Safford read 
excellent papers on topics suggested by the occasion. The pamphlet before us con- 
tains the proceedings with the president's speech, the papers of Messrs. Wheildon, 
Amory and Safibrd in full, and some extracts from the Massachusetts records fur- 
nished by Mr. David Pulsifer, showing the transition from a provincial to a state 
government. It also contains the doings by the state and city in honor of the day, 
including Gov. Long's proclamation and speech, and Dr. Hopkins's prayer. Besides 
this, there are other matters, particularly an elaborate article by Mr. Wheildon, 
which appeared in the Sunday Herald, Oct. 3, 1880, calling attention to the event. 

Reply to Francis Brinley on the Claims of Hon. John P. Biyclow as Founder of the 
Boston Public Library. By Timothy digelow. Read before the Boston Antiqua- 
rian Club, May 11, 1880. Boston: Tolinan ft White, Printers, 389 Washington 
Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 50.] 

This is a caustic reply to a communication from the Hon. Francis Brinley, of 
Newport, R. 1., read at a previous meeting of the Boston Antiquarian Club, in 
which the claims of the friends of the Hon. John Prescott Bigelow that he was 
the founder of the Boston Public Library were controverted. The author, who is 
a nephew of Mr. Bigelow, and familiar with the incidents in his life, has been in- 
defatigable in collecting new facts bearing upon the point at issue. We think 
that the evidence here presented shows that the idea of giving the Bigelow Fund to 
the city for a public library originated with Mayor Bigelow himself, and that if 
this is considered the origin of the Public Library, of which however we have seri- 
ous doubts, the claims of his friends are well founded. 

Annals of the Town of Mendon from 1659 to 1880. Compiled by Joiin G. Metcalf, 
M.D., Member of the New England Historic, Genealogical, and American Anti- 
quarian Societies. Providence, R. I. : E. 1). Freeman & Co. 1880. [8vo. pp. 
vii.-f-723. Published by the Town.] 

This book is just what it purports to be, a vast storehouse of facts extending 
from the earliest settlement of Mendon to the present day, with such explanations 
as are requisite to render intelligible the subject matter. A repository of local 
wisdom, not interesting to the general reader, not a book to be read through twice, 
but one which will always be valuable to establish a mooted question, or fix a date. 
Its value to the general historian consists in its reference to those residents of Men- 
don who were connected with other towns. It forms one more " brick " for the 
general history of Massachusetts yet to come, when all the town histories shall 
have been written. But in every book-case in the town of Mendon this book should 
have an honored place ; the children should be taught to refer to it, and perpetu- 
ate the ancient landmarks of the town, and keep in remembrance the former days. 

Though the town records are silent concerning one great event in the history of 
Mendon, the attack on the place by the Indians, yet the compiler has carefully 
pointed to the sources of information contained in contemporaneous writings, so 
that the historic taste of the young may be encouraged and a love for research 

That great repository of town histories, so often drawn upon and yet so inexhaust- 
ible, the State Archives, have been patiently searched and pertinent matter has 
been accurately transcribed. 

The page of the book is not so elegant as the History of Andover, Mass. , and there 
are a few errors, probably typographical. In place of the picture of the " sword 
in hand money," which has no local connection with Mendon, we should much have 
preferred a copy of the ancient survey of 17J3, or a plan of Mendon with its sur- 
rounding towns. 

The absence of an index of names in any town history will reduce its usefulness 
one half. We know that the marriage of Mathias Puffer, who afterwards resided 
vol. xxxv. 18* 

206 Booh Notices, [April, 

in Milton, is somewhere in this book, but we shall never read the book through 
again to find it : life is too short; we must resign to the professional genealogist 

BUCb tasks. 

As the book was published by the town and not the compiler, the heliotypeof 

John G. Metcalf, M.D., is appropriately placed in the front of the book. 
[By Daniel T. V. Huntoon, Esq., of Canton, Mass.] 

Weymouth Historical Society. The Original Journal of General Solomon Lovell, 

kept during the Penobscot Expedition, 1779, with a Sketch of his Life by Gilbert 
together with the Proceedings of the Society for 1879-80. Published by 

the Weymouth Historical Society. 1681. [No. I. 8vo. pp. 127. With -1 Alber- 

types. Edition limited.] 

The value of local historical societies is shown in various ways. The field may 
be somewhat limited, but such a society developes well the history of its own local- 
ity. Its researches are of interest to the citizens and of value to future generations ; 
and also of rich worth to students of early genealogy and history. Such an organ- 
ization is the Weymouth Historical Society, in a town which dates its settlement 
back to 1022. Its organization has been recent, but its labors have been extended. 
It has made the Weymouth Gazette, the local weekly paper, its medium of commu- 
nication. But before us is its first publication in book form. It is the original 
Journal of one of Weymouth's prominent citizens, who was active in various parts 
of the Revolution, together with a sketch of his life and genealogy of his family. 
The first part of the volume is devoted to a resume of work of the the society from 
its organization until the close of the year 1880. The original journal has been in 
possession of the family, and the society, recognizing its interest, and the new Light 
which it threw upon the Penobscot expedition, has produced it for the historical 
public. Mr. Nash, the editor, has taken great pains in studying this unfortunate 
exploit, examining all the records in the archives of the Commonwealth bearing upon 
the subject, and silting the many statements made at the time. And though 
Gen. Lovell is his hero, yet he considers the claims made against him before his 
judgment is given. The exoneration of Lovell, who commanded the land forces, 
and the censuring, by the court of inquiry, of Commodore Saltonstall, who com- 
manded the ships of war, for the disastrous ending of the expedition, is dwelt upon 
with conciseness, yet with sufficient fulness to make this work one of authority 
among students of the revolutionary epoch of our nation's existence. This is the first 
publication of the Society, but it has begun well. The typographical work is of 
the first order. It has a superb index, embracing the names of subjects treated, places 
and individuals mentioned, and withal, foot-notes showing the sources of important 
information. Weymouth has a long history, and in due time we may hope its full 
development by this society. 

[By the Rev. Anson Titus, Jr., of Weymouth, Mass.] 

Reminiscences of Two Years with the Colored Troops. By J. 31. Addeman (late 
Captain Fourteenth II. 1. Heavy Artillery, Colored). Providence : N. Bangs 
Williams & Co. 1880. [Fcp. 4to. pp. 38, paper, price 50 cts.] 
This is the 7th number of the second series of li Personal Narratives of Events in 

the War of the Rebellion, being Papers read before the Rhode Island Soldiers' and 

Sailors' Historical Society." The first two numbers of this series were noticed in the 

Register (xxxiv. 222, 341) at the time of their appearance. 

The author of the present work is the Rhode Island Secretary of State. He has 

written an interesting narrative of his service as a captain of colored troops for two 

years in Louisiana. 

Society of the Fifty- First Regiment Pennsylrania Veteran Volunteers. Records of 
tin Proceedings of the First Annual Reunion, held at Xorristoicn, Pa., Sept. 17, 
1880. Harrisburg, Pa. : Lane S. Hart. 1880. [8vo. pp. 47.] 
This society was organized at Norristown on the 17th of September last by the 
surviving members of the regiment. The present pamphlet contains the proceed- 
ings, constitution and by-laws, with a list of the comrades present and the oration, 
which was delivered by Capt. J. Merrill Linn; a heroic poem by Mr. George N. Cor- 
son, and letters Irom distinguished persons who could not attend the reunion. The 
first colonel of this regiment, which did good sen ice in the war for the union, was 
John Frederick llaitranlt, SW08 a major-general and governor of Pennsylvania. 

1881.] Booh Notices. 207 

lnvcntio Fortunata. Arctic Explorations, with an Account of Nicholas of Lynn. 

Read before the American Geographical Society, Chickering Hall, May 15, 1880. 

Reprinted from the Bulletin of the Society. By B. F. De Costa. New York. 

1881. [8vo. pp. 30.] . 

William Blackstone in his Relation to Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Reprinted 

from The Churchman of September 25th and October 2d, 1880. [Motto.] By the 

Rev. B. F. De Costa. New York : M. 11. Mallory & Co. 1880. [12uio. pp. 24.] 

Here are two pamphlets by our valued correspondent, the Rev. B. F. De Costa, 
which have recently been issued. 

The first is on the history of early arctic explorations, with special reference to Ni- 
cholas of Lynn, who flourished in the reign of Edward 111. His " Inventio Fortuna- 
ta," referred to by writers soon after his day, but of which no copy is known to be in 
existence, is supposed by Mr. De Costa to be transformed into Juventius Fortuna- 
tus, and quoted as an author in the Life of Columbus attributed to Ferdinand Co- 
lumbus. Mr. De Costa, as our readers are aware, has given much time to research 
upon early maps and maritime discovery, and all that he writes upon these subjects 
is valuable. 

The pamphlet on William Blackstone, or as he spelled his own name, Braxton, 
the first settler of Boston, presents him to us vividly as a clergyman of the Episco- 
pal church. The first of the two articles here reprinted from the Chunk/, tan shows 
him as " The First Churchman oi Boston and the Founder of the City;' 1 the sec- 
ond, as " The First Churchman in Rhode Island and the Original Settler of the 

Fifth Report of the Record Commissioners. [City Seal.] Boston: Rockwell & 
Churchill, City Printers, No, 30 Arch Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 187.] 

A Report of the Record Commissioners containing (he Roxbury Land and Church 

Records. [City Seal.] Boston: Rockwell & Churchill 1881. [8vo. pp. 221.1 

We have here two more reports of the Record Commissioners (Registkr, xxxi. 

347; xxxii. 110 ; xxxiii. 264: xxxv. 100), which show that the Commissioners have 

no difficulty in finding valuable historical matter to print. 

The Fifth Report is a reprint of the articles which the late Nathaniel I. Bowditch 

furnished in 1855 to the Boston Evening Transcript, under the signature of 

" Gleaner," giving the history of certain estates in Boston. 
The contents of the next Report are shown by the title-page. The next volume, 

we are informed, will soon be issued, and will contain a continuation, from the sec- 
ond report, of the records of the oi< I town of Boston. 

We are glad to learn that the labors of the commissioners are appreciated by the 

city authorities as well as the public. 

Fragments from Remarks of Twenty- Five Years in Every Quarter of the Globe, on 
Electricity, Magnetism, Acrolilhs and Various other Phenomena of Nature. <SfC. 
dec. <5cc. By William Pringle Green, R. N. Sold at Egerton's Military Libra- 
ry, Whitehall. 1833. [8vo. pp. v.-|-vi.+24.] 
Though this is not a recent publication, it is noticed here as it contains some 

American genealogy not referred to in genealogical indexes. The author, Lieut. 

The History of the Morison or Morrison Family, with most of the " Traditions of the 
Morrisons " (Clan Mac Ghillemhuire) , Hereditary Judges of Lewis, by Capt. F. 
W. L. Thomas of Scotland, and a Record of the Descendants of the Hereditary 
Judges to 1880 ; a Complete History of the Morison Settlers of Londonderry, 
N. H., o/1719, and their Descendants, with Genealogical Sketches. Also of the 
Brentwood, Nottingham and Sanbornton, N. H., Morisons, and Branches of the 
Morisons who settled in Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Nova Scotia, and 
Descendants of the Morison of Preston Grange, Scotland, and other Families. 
By Leonard A.Morrison. [Motto.] Boston, Mass : A. Williams & Co., 283 
Washington Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 408. Price $3.] 

Genealogy of the Macdonald Family. Edition B. Comprising all Names obtained 
up to February, 1876. [Oblong quarto, pp. 123.] 

208 Book Notices. [April, 

Contribution* to the Early History of liryan McDonald and Family, settlers in 1689 
un Red ('/hi/ Creek, Mill Crook Hundred {or Township) , A \stte County , Dela- 
ware. Together with a Few Biographical Sketches ana Other Statistics of General 
Interest to their Lineal Descendants. Jiy Frank V. McDonald. A.B., Harvard 
University, Cambridge, Mass. Ban Francisco: Wmterburn & Co., Printers and 
Eleotrotypeie. 1870. [4to. pp. 65.] 

Supplimrnt No. 1 to Edition B of the MacDonald Genealogy, containing Records of 
tin Descendants ofJesst Peter, one of the Pioneer Settlers near Mackville, Wash- 
ington Count j/, Kentucky ; Together with a Few Remarks an the Early History of 
th' Peter Family, and whatever other Information of Value concerning this Bt 1 
of tin Name could be collected up to February 25, 1880. Compiled and Edited by 
Frank. V. Mc Donald, A. B., Harvard Law Student, Cambridge, 
Cambridge: John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1880. [Royal 4to. pp. 78.] 

A History of the Heard Family of Wayland, Mass. By Jons 11. Edwards. Illus- 
trated hy lleliotypes. [Motto.] Boston: Printed for Private Circulation. 1880. 
[8vo. pp. Gl.] 

The Lathrop Family Tree. Collected and Arranged by John Lathrop, Buffalo, 
N.Y. [Broadside.] 

Dolor Davis. A Sketch of his Life; with a Record of his Earlier Descendants. 
By Horace Davis. Printed for Private Distribution. 1881. [8vo. pp. 46.] 

Paine Family Records : A Journal of Genealogical and Biographical Information 
respecting the American Families of Payne, Paine, Payn, dfc. .New York : 1880. 
|8vo. pp. 202.] 

A Genealogical Register of the Descendants of Moses Cleveland of Woburn, Mass., 
an Emigrant in 1635, from England, with a Sketch of the Cleveland^ of Virginia 
and the Carolinas. By James Butler Cleveland, of Oneonta, N. Y. [Arms.] 
Albany, N. Y. : Munsell, Printer, 82 State Street. 1881. [Parti. 8vo. pp. 48.] 

The title of the first book on our list shows fully the contents of the volume. It 
is intended to present all that the author could obtain by the most assiduous re- 
search and correspondence concerning the genealogy of the various brandies of the 
Morrisons in this country, and also concerning their Scottish ancestry. A pam- 
phlet on the last subject by Capt. F. \V. L. (Thomas, R.N. , vice-president of the 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, entitled " Traditions of the Morrisons,' 1 is re- 
printed, with a few omissions, in full. The larger part of the book is devoted to 
the posterity of the Scotch Irish settlers of the name at Londonderry. X. 11., of 
whom there were several. Their descendants have done honor to the sturdy race 
from which they descended. The work is a model of industry, and is arranged in 
a clear and intelligible manner, besides having excellent indexes. There are twenty 
illustrations. One is a map of Londonderry, showing the residences of the Morri- 
son settlers and some of their descendants ; three are views of buildings, and the 
rest are portraits. 

The three books by Mr. McDonald on the McDonald family of Delaware, and the 
Peter family of Kentucky, do credit to the compiler. They contain much interest- 
ing biographical and genealogical matter relating to the branches of the two fami- 
lies to which they are devoted. They are well prepared and brought out in a line 
style, with excellent portraits and other illustrations. 

The Heard family, recorded in the next book, is descended from Zachariah Heard, 
who is found early in the last century in Cambridge, Mass., whence he removed t I 
Wayland. The first portion of the book is devoted to biographical sketches, and 
this is followed by systematically arranged genealogy. Other matter connected 
with the family is appended. It is illustrated by heliotype portraits. 

The Lathrop Family Tree is well executed. The date of publication is not given, 
but it was probably in 1867, as we find it her.- Btated that the lines given in this 
tree are "believed to be complete to January, l s <>7." From this family are de- 
scended many eminent men bearing this and other surnames. President Grant and 

Motley the historian arc sud to be descendants, and so is Qen. Benedict Arnold. 

The Davis genealogy is by the Hon. Horace Davis, {A' San Francisco, a member of 
Congress from Californis in the Ibrty-fifth and forty-sixth Congresses. We can tes- 
tify to the thoroughness with which he has made hi-; researches into the history of 
Dolor Davis, his immigrant ancestor. He gives 2? pages to his biography, m 
of which has never before appeared in print, and he has cleared up many obscure 
points about this subject. No attempt is made to give a complete genealogy, but 
what is given is full and precise as to names and dates, and is clearly arranged. 

1881.] Recent Publications. 209 

The first volume of the Paine Family Records has, since our last notice of this 
quarterly periodical (Register, xxxiv. 234), been completed by the publication of 
two more numbers (the seventh and eighth for May and August), a title-page and 
very full indexes. The publication of this work was commenced in November, 1878, 
by Dr. Paine, of New York city, who had before issued at Albany, 1857-59, eight 
numbers of a similar work. The January number of a new volume has since been 
issued, filled with interesting matters like its predecessors. 

The genealogy of the Cleveland family, of which the first number has just been 
issued, bids fair to be a most valuable work. Thirty years ago the late Professor 
Nehemiah Cleveland, LL.D., assisted by his brother-in-law, Rev. Oliver A. Taylor, 
undertook to prepare such a work. Their materials have been placed by these fam- 
ilies in the hands of the compiler of the present work, and they have probably assist- 
ed him materially in his labors. This number contains an account of the origin of 
the name and the early generations of the descendants of Moses 1 Cleveland. The 
work is arranged according to the plan used in the Register. 


Presented to the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, to March 1, 


I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

Address of His Excellency John D. Long to the two branches of the legislature of Mas- 
sachusetts, Jan. 6, 1881. Boston : Rand, Avery & Co., Printers to the Commonwealth, 117 
Franklin St. 1881. [8vo. pp. 58.] 

The Old and New Republican Parties ; their origin, similitude and progress from the 
administration of Washington to that of Rutherford B. Hayes. By Stephen M. Allen, 
surviving presiding officer of the Worcester Convention, July 20, 1854. Boston : Lee & 
Shepard, Publishers, 41 and 45 Franklin Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 343.] 

The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia. Notes upon a Denarius of 
Augustus Caesar. A paper read before the society Feb. 5, 1880, by Henry Phillips, Jr., cor- 
responding secretary. [Seal.] Reprinted from the American Journal of Numismatics. 
1880. [8vo. pp. 7.] 

The Young Folks' Cyclopaedia of Persons and Places, by John D. Champlin, Jr., with 
numerous illustrations. New York: Henry Holt & Company. 1881. [8vo. pp. 936. This 
is a companion volume to the author's " Young Folks' Cyclopaedia of Common Things," 
noticed in the Register, xxxiv. 425.] 

A Tour in Both Hemispheres ; or Travels around the World. By Eugene Vetromile, 
D.D., Apostolic Missionary. New York: D. & J. Sadler & Co., Publishers, 31 Barclay 
Street. 1880. [8vo. pp. 502.] 

Bibliography of Charlestown, Massachusetts, and Bunker Hill, by James F. Hunnewell. 
Boston : James R. Osgood & Company. m 1880. [8vo. pp. 100.] 

On giving Names to Towns and Streets. By James Freeman Clarke. Boston: Lock- 
wood, Brooks & Co., 381 Washington St. 1880. [8vo. pp. 19.] 

Memoir of Hon. Sumner Wilde, LL.D., Justice of Supreme Court of Massachusetts- 
(Read at Dartmouth Commencement, June, 1880, at the request of the alumni.) By Hon. 
Nathan Crosby, LL.D., of Lowell, Mass., of class of 1820. Concord, N. H. : Printed by 
the Republican Press Association. 1881. [8vo. pp. 26.] 

Address in Memory of Hon. Ira Perley, LL.D., late Chief Justice of the Supreme Judi- 
cial Court of New Hampshire, pronounced before the Alumni Association of Dartmouth 
College, June 23, 1880, by Charles H. Bell. Concord : Printed by the Republican Press As- 
sociation. 1881. [8vo. pp. 16.] 

American Journal of Numismatics and Bulletin of American Numismatic and Archaeo- 
logical Societies. January, 1881. [Seal.] Boston: Published by the Boston Numismatic 
Society. Quarterly. [8vo. pp. 72.] 

Old Times. A Magazine devoted to the preservation and publication of documents relat- 
ing to the early history of North Yarmouth, Maine Also genealogical records of the 

principal families and biographical sketches of the most distinguished residents of the town. 
Vol. 5, No. 2. Augustus W. Corliss, Yarmouth, Me. April 1, 1881. [8vo. pp. 649-694.] 

New York Tribune Extra, No. 79. Patriotism and Piety, the inspiration and guardian 
powers of the nation. A Thanksgiving sermon by the Rev. Dr. Henry W. Bellows. 1880. 
[8vo. pp. 7.] 

Anniversary and Historical Sermon preached in the Eliot Congregational Church, Law- 
rence, Mass., March 14, 1880, by Rev. John H. Barrows. Printed by George S. Merrill 
and Crocker, Lawrence. [8vo. pp. 29.] 

210 Recent Publications. [April, 

Finding List of the Providenco Public Library. 1880. [By W. B. Foster, librarian.] 
Providence : E. L. Freeman & Co., Printers to the State. 1880. [Svo. pp. 2l8.J 

The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia. Necrology for 1880. By 
Charles Henry Bart, historiographer. [Reprinted from the Proceedings for 1880. Phila- 
delphia, 1881. L« v0 - l'P- 12.] 

II. Other Publications. 
" The memorv of the just is blessed."— Proverbs x. 7. A Sermon preached in the First 
Reformed Church in Boston (Somerset Sr. near Beacon), by the pastor, Rev. James M. Gray, 
Nov. 14, 1880, in memorv of Rev. Samuel Cutler, founder and first pastor of that church. 
Published by request. Boston: J. W. Robinson, Printer, 64 Federal Street. 1880. [8vo. 
pp. 18.] 

A Sermon preached by Rev. J. M. Manning, D.D., before the American Board of Com- 
missioner for Foreign Missions, at the seventy-first annual meeting, held in Lowell, Mass., 
Oct. 5, 1880. Boston: Beacon Press, Thomas Todd, Printer, cor. Beacon and Somerset 
Streets. 1880. [8vo. pp. 18.] 

Celebration of the two hundred and fiftieth Anniversarv of the Settlement of Boston, 
Sept. 17, 1880. [Seal.] Boston: Printed by order of the City Council, md ccc l xxx. 
[Royal 8vo. pp. 172.] 

Annual meeting of the New London County Historical Society, with secretary's report. 
November 29, 1880. New London : Telegram Print, Green Street. [16mo. pp. 12.] 

Catalogus Senatus Academici et eorum qui munera et offieia gesserunt, quique aliquo 
gradu exornati fuerunt in Collegio Tuftensi, Medfordise in Republica Massachusettensis. 
Bostonne : Johanne S. Spooner, Typographo. md ccc l xxx. [8vo. pp. 23.] 

Our American Hash : a Satire in Prose and Verse, by John M. Dagnell, author of seve- 
ral epic and other lyrical, national and narrative poems. Illustrated. New York : Pub- 
lished by the author. 1880. [8vo. pp. 11.] 

Harvard University. Library Bulletin, No. 17. January 1st, 1881. Vol. II. No. 4. 
[8vo. pp. 94-128.] 

One hundred and fiftieth Annual Report, made September 29th, 1880, to the company of 
the Redwood Library and Athenaeum, Newport, R. I. Newport: Davis & Pitmau, Book 
and Job Printers. 1881. [8vo. pp. 16.J 

Collections of the Old Colonv Historical Society. No 2. Read before the Society Jan- 
uary 12, 1880. [Seal.] Taunton, Mass. : Published by the Society. Press of C. A. Hack 
& Son. 1880. [8vo. pp. 19.] 

The sixty-first Annual Catalogue of the officers and students of Colby University (Wa- 
terville College until 1867) for the academic year 1880-81. Waterville : Printed for the 
University. 1881. [8vo. pp. 39.] 

Did the Louisiana Purchase extend to the Pacific ocean ? and our title to Oregon ? By 
John J. Anderson, Ph.D. New York : Clark & Maynard, Publishers, 5 Barclay St. 1881. 
[8to. pp. 8.] 

State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Twenty-Seventh Annual Report. Submitted to 
the annual meeting, January 3, 1881. Gen. Simeon Mills in the chair. David Atwood, 
State Journal, Printer and Stereotyper. [8vo. pp 31.] 

Papers of the Historical Society of Delaware. III. Some account of William Usscliux 
and Peter Minuit, two individuals who were instrumental in establishing the first perma- 
nent colonv in Delaware, by Joseph J. Miekley. The Historical Society of Delaware, Wil 
mington. '1881. [8vo. pp. 27.] 

A Brief History of the Chicago Historical Society, together with Constitution and By- 
Laws, and list of Officers and Members. . . . [Seal.] Chicago: Fergus Printing Co. 
1881. [8vo. pp. 31.] 

No XI Records of the Proprietors of Worcester, Massachusetts. Edited by Franklin 
P Rice. In four parts. Part. III. [Seal.] Worcester, Mass. : The Worcester Society of 
Antiquity. 1881. U. S. A. CV. 8vo. pp. 153-240.] 

Memorial Record of the Fathers of Wisconsin, containing sketches of the lives and ca- 
reer of the members of the Constitutional Conventions of 1846 and 1847-8, with a history 
of early settlements in Wisconsin. Prepared by 11. A. Tcnney and David Atwood. Mad- 
ison, Wis. : Published by David Atwood. 1880. [8vo. pp. 399.] 

Proceedings of the twelfth and thirteenth annual meetings of the Now Hampshire Pros 
Association, held at Concord, N. IP, January 17, 1879, and January 19, 1SS0. Concord: 
Printed by the Republican Press Association. 1881. [8vo. pp. 24.] 

List of Members of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati, including a complete 
roll of the original members, with brief biographies compiled from the records Oj the Soci- 
ety and other original sources. [Seal.] Boston: Printed lor the Society. 1880. [8vo. 
pp. 91.] 

History of the Michigan State Reform School since its organization up to January 1st, 
1880. Lansing \ W. S. George &. Co., State Priutcrs and Binders. ISM). [8?0. pp. 14.] 

1881.] Recent Publications, 211 

Memorial Tribute. Livingston M. Glover, D.D., late pastor of the first Presbyterian 
Church, Jacksonville, Illinois. Printed at the office of the Daily Journal. 1880. [8vo. 
pp. 55.] 

The Michigan Association of Surveyors and Civil Engineers, organized at Lansing, March 
25, 1880. [8vo. pp. 19.] 

Reminiscences of Dr. Spurzheim and George Combe, and a review of the Science o 
Phrenology, from the period of its discovery by Dr. Gall to the time of the visit of George 
Combe to the United States, 1838, 1840. By Nahum Capen, LL.D. New York : Fowler & 
Wells, Publishers, 753 Broadway. Boston : A. Williams & Co. 1881. [8vo. pp. 262.] 

A Directory of the Charitable and Beneficent Organizations of Boston, together with 
" Legal Suggestions," " Health Hints," "Suggestions to Visitors," etc. Prepared by the 
Associated Charities. Boston : A. Williams & Co., 283 Washington Street. 1880. [8vo. 
pp. 182.] 

Memoir of Governor Andrew, with personal reminiscences, by Peleg W. Chandler. To 
which are added two hitherto unpublished literary discourses and the valedictory ad- 
dress. Boston : Roberts Brothers. 1880. [8vo. pp. 298.1 

Sketch of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society of Wilkesbarre, bv C. Ben 
Johnson. Reprinted from the " Sunday News-Dealer." Christmas edition. 1880. [8vo. 
pp. 7.] 

Catalogue of the officers and students of Williams College for the year 1880-81. Wil- 
liamstown, Mass.: James T. Robinson & Son, Book and Job Printers and blank-book 
manufacturers, North Adams, Mass. 1880. [8vo. pp. 37.] 

Reminiscences of Thomas Vernon, an American Loyalist : Royal Postmaster at Newport 
from about 1745 to 1775 or 76, and for twenty years Registrar of the Court of Vice-Admi- 
ralty. [8vo. pp. 51.] 

Charles Hammond and Academy Life. By Elbridge Smith. [Reprinted from Barn- 
ard's Journal of Education.] 

Eleventh Annual Reunion of the Association of the Graduates of the U. S. Military 
Academy at West Point, New York, June 17, 1880. East Saginaw, Mich. : E. W. Lyon, 
Publisher, Washington Avenue. 1880. [8vo. pp. 116.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of the Most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free 
and Accepted Masons of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. . . . Special Commu- 
nications, October 1, 1880, and December 4, 188U. Annual Communication, Dec. 8, 1880. 
Stated Communication, December 28, 1880 . . . Boston: Press of Rockwell & Church- 
ill, 39 Arch St. 1881. [8vo. pp. 285.] 

Contributions of the Old Residents' Historical Association. Lowell, Mass. Organization. 
December 21, 1868. Vol. II. No. 1. Lowell, Mass.: Stone, Bacheller & Livingston, 
Printers, No. 18 Jackson Street. 18>0. [8vo. pp. 108.] 

Seventieth Annual Report of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Mis- 
sions, presented at the meeting held at Lowell, Mass., Oct. 5-8, 1880. Boston: Printed at 
the Riverside Press, Cambridge. 1880. [8vo. pp. 138.] 

Worcester County Musical Association, twenty-third Annual Festival. Programmes of 
Concerts . . . Mechanics Hall, Worcester, Mass., Sept. 20, 21, 22, 23 and 24, 1880. 
[8vo- pp. 41.] 

Pierre Lestoile. Greece and the Times. Reprinted from Minerva for October, 1880. 
Rome : Office of Minerva, 56 Piazza Monticitorio. 1880. [8vo. pp. 20.] 

Brief Biographies of Ruling Elders in the First Presbyterian Church, Alleghany, during 
the first fifty years of its history, portions of which were read at the fiftieth anniversary of 
the church, February 26, 1880. " Bv Elliot E. Swift, D.D. Pittsburgh : Printed by Jackson 
& McEwen, cor. Wood Street and Third Avenue. 1880. [8vo. pp. 48.] 

The New German Crusade. A lecture by Robert Collver, delivered in the Church of 
the Messiah, New York, December 26, 1880. New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons, 182 Fifth 
Avenue. 1881. [8vo. pp. 21.] 

Third Report (1880) of Justin Winsor, Librarian of Harvard University. [8vo. pp. 13.] 
Complete Education ; an address delivered at the annual commencement of the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, July 1, 1880. By Rt. Rev. Samuel S. Harris, D.D., LL D., Bishop of 
Michigan. Ann Arbor, Michigan : Published by the Board of Regents, 1880. [8vo. pp. 16.] 

The fifth Half Century of the arrival of John Winthrop at Salem, Mass. Commemora- 
tive exercises by the Essex Institute, June 22, 1880. (From the Historical Collections of 
the Essex Institute.) Salem : Printed for the Essex Institute. 1880. [8vo. pp. 64.] 

Ancient Deeds from the Indians to the town of Dedham. Copied by William F. Hill, 
from the original deeds on file in the Town Clerk's office. Dedham, Mass. Reproduced 
with Hektograph, Feb. 1881. 

Report and Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical Society for the Year 1878. Vol. I, 
Halifax, N. S. : Printed at the Morning Herald Office. 1879. [8vo. pp. 140.] 

Memorial of Samuel Greene Arnold. [8vo. pp. 52.] 





Beadstrket, Samuel, died in Chai 
town District, Boston, Feb. 8, 1681, 

aged 88. 1 1'- was the only surviving 

child oi Samuel Harris and Blizal 
(WcM) Bradstreet, and was l> >rn in 
Oharlestown June 33, 1813. Be was 
a descendant in the seventh genera- 
tion from Gov. Simon Bradstreet I 
Register, viii. 317). 

Chase, Mrs. Sarah (Blunt), died at 
Portsmouth, N. 11., July 19, 1880, in 
the 80th year of her age. 

She was the second daughter of 
Robert Blunt, of Newcastle, N. II., 
and Elizabeth Sherburne, his wife. 
She was born March 9, 1705. On the 
11th of October, 1824, she was mar- 
ried to William Chase, son of Stephen 
Chase, Esq., of Portsmouth, and him- 
self ;i merchant of the old seaport, 
and by his death, Aug. 30, 1834, sur- 
vived her husband forty-six years. 

During this period of nearly half a 
century, Mrs. Chase lived in the old 
house, so long the dwelling of her 
husband's family, upon Court Street, 
in Portsmouth. Amiable, affectionate 
and devout, she cultivated through 
her long life every christian courtesy. 
Cheerful in disposition and charitable 
in word and deed, she was hospitable 
and considerate of all. 

By her death the last remaining 
link was broken which connected the 
descendants of Rev. Stephen Chase, 
of Newcastle (11. U. 1728), and of his 
son Stephen, of Portsmouth (H. U. 
1764), with the old homes of their 
race in these ancient towns. 

Kidder, Andrew Bradshaw, in Somer- 
ville, Mass., Feb. 25, 1881, aged 71 
years 1 month. 

Oswald, Miss Ann L., died in Phila- 
delphia, Feb. 1. aged 01. The Phila- 
delphia Sunday Dispatch, Feb. 6, 

gives this account of her : 

" She was the daughter of Colonel 

Eleazar Oswald, who, during his time, 
was one of the most prominent men in 
Philadelphia. An Englishman, of a 
good family, he sympathized with the 
imericans in the preliminary contro- 
versies with Great Britain before the 

Revolution. He came to America in 

1770. 11 • -•■:•». 1 under Arnold in his. 
invasion of Canada, was Captain at 
the capture of Tioonderoga, and led 
the forlorn hope at Quebec, where he 
was wounded in 1775. Be was lieu- 
tenant-colonel of Lamb's Artillery 
Regiment in 1777. was commended by 
Knox and Lee at the battle of Mon- 
mouth, and shortly afterward left the 
service, when he came to Philadelphia 
and established the Independent Gaza- 
t<n\ which, by his ability, he made 
the leading journal of the time. Be 
entered into business as publisher and 
printer, and was public printer for the 
state of Pennsylvania. In 1789 he 
Challenged Alexander Hamilton to fight 
a duel ; but the meeting was prev 
ed. In 1702 he was in England, went 
over to France, joined the French ar- 
my, in which he fought as colonel 
of a regiment of artillery at the battle 
of Jemappes. Subsequently he re- 
turned to this country and died in 
New York [of yellow fever. Oct. 1], 
1705 [aged 401. Miss I tewald has ; 
bably left no living cotemporary who, 
like herself, was a connecting link be- 
tween the Revolutionary period and 
the second century of the republic." 

She was buried Feb. 8 in the family 
vault of John A. McAllister, Esq., at 
Woodlands Cemetery. 

Stone, Miss Lucy Hall, died in South 
Boston. Mass., Dec. 15, 1880, in her 
00th year. She was a descendant of 
Gregory Stone, an early settler of Cam- 
bridge, and a daughter of Gregory and 
Lucy Stone, of Lincoln. >! as., where 
she was born July 14, 1791. 

WkntWORTH, Daniel. 5 in the line of 
Timothy, 4 Samuel. 3 Timothy, 1 and 
William. 1 at Berwick, Me., Dec. 18, 

1880, in his 80th year. He died upon 
the farm where he was born, and 
where his father and grandfather were 
born and died, ami which Timothy 1 
bought of Edward Doogood in 1705. 

lie was the last to die of the descend- 
ants of Elder William Wentworth the 

emigrant, in the male line oi' the fifth 

Errata.— Page 158, I. I, for Genealogical New England H 'and 

Genealogical Register. 1,1.32,/orto be sold, read and were sold by Bangs & 

uuec meneing March 7, 1881. Page 194, 1. 8 from bottom, for CBAini s ./Chun- 

for April 2 read April 21. 

JUST PUBLISHED, A truly National and Patriotic Book, interesting 

alike to the young and the old. 



Flag of the United States of America, 





SMitf) a Chronicle ■ 



By GEO. HENEY PREBLE, Rear-Admiral U.S.N. 

Illustrated with Ten Colored Plates, Two Hundred Engravings on Wood, and 

Maps and Autographies. 

The work comprises eight hundred and fifty royal octavo pages of text, and is illustrated by ten full-page 
colored plates of several hundred flags, and two hundred and fifty wood engravings of flags, maps, autographies 
of our national songs, &c. 

It should find a place in all public, social, and club libraries, and State and Government offices, and will 
be found useful and entertaining to ship-masters, pilots, yachtsmen, historical artists, and to the general reader 
as a work of reference. It is designed to inspire patriotism in the youth of our country. 

The price, bound in cloth, post-paid, to any part of the United States or Canada, is $7.00. 


283 "Washington Street, Boston, Mass., U. S. A. 
December 20, 1880. 


From the Neiv England Historical and Genealog- 
ical Register, January, 1880 (Abram E. Cutter, 


The author's enthusiasm for his subject, the 
length of time given to it, and the untiring in- 
dustry of research displayed, has brought a 
wealth of material to his command that must 
make the book a fountain to dravv from, as well 
as authority to look up to, for any future writer 
on this interesting theme. 

An important part of the text of the book 
is the chronicle of the symbols, flags, &c , of 
ancient and modern nations. The dust of many 
an old, forgotten tome must have been disturbed 
in gathering this mass of curious information. 

To one who has spent so many years under 
the folds of the flag, and who has kept step to 
the music of the Union upon the quarter-deck 
so much of that time, it is but natural that an 
account of the songs of our country should go 
with the history of its flag. Consequently 53 
pages are added at the end, wherein a great 
number of interesting facts are brought to- 
gether regarding our patriotic songs. 

There are other features in this valuable 
book that demand notice, as the most casual 
reader of even the titlepage will observe, but 
lack of space forbids touching upon them. It 
is to be hoped the book will find its way into 
many homes of our land, to diffuse its patriotic 

character it bean >h<>uld make it a necessity to 
all our count! \ nan. 

From The United Service for Dec. , 1880 (by Medi- 
cal Director Edward Shippen, U. S. N.). 
Admiral Preble has given us on every page 
something well worth recalling if previously 
known, or else something novel and Interesting 
which it behooves all Americana to be ac- 
quainted with. One is, moreover, attracted 
and favorably Impressed by the excellent paper 
and clear typography, and the promise is borne 

out when we come to read the book VI- 

thongh the great labor of this work has evi- 
dently been "a labor of love " with the author, 
we teel sure he will reap his reward, not only 
in seeing his book upon the shelves of all libra- 
ries, and the tables of all editors, the collections 
of all military posts, public schools, and grand 
army posts, but iu the consciousness that he 
has stirred within the breasts of young and old, 
wherever the star-spangled banner floats, a 
renewed love for the emblem of our sovereignty 
and prosperity. 

From The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and 
Biography, No. 3, Vol. IV., 1880. 

This is not only a " revised," but a materially 
enlarged, edition of Admiral Preble's well- 
known " Origin and Progress of the Flag of the 
United States," published by Munsell in 1872. 

The distinguished position in our service held 
by Admiral Preble, and his reputation as an 
author of historical and genealogical works, 
are sufficient warrant of the excellence of the 
volume under notice ; and the goodly size of the 
book, which is three hundred pages larger than 
wa9 promised, is satisfactory evidence of the 
fulness, not to say completeness, of the treatise. 

From The South Pacific Times, Callao, Pern, 1880. 

Rear-Admiral Preble, who will be remem- 
bered on this coast as in command of the 
American Pacific Fleet in 1877, has recently 
completed a revised, enlarged, and illustrated 
edition of his " History of the Flag of the United 
States of America," &c, every copy of the first 
edition of this splendid work, published in 1872, 

baring long since been disposed of. The pres- 
ent edition embraces the distinguished author's 
more recent accumulation of highly interesting 
data. It Is a work which should be in every 
pul.lic library, \is well as in the possession of 
all who claim to be well informed, and we predict 
lor it a very large and world-wide demard. 

From The American (Philadelphia), Nov. 6, 18?0. 
The evolution of Admiral Preble's " History 
of the Flag of the United States of America," 
from the short article printed in the Portland 
'•Advertiser-' in 1853, into a stately volume of 
more than eight hundred pages, with its hun- 
dreds of maps, colored plates, engravings, and 
autographies would make an interesting chapter 
of literary history. The new edition <,f this 
standard work is practically a new book, for 
though the general plan and arrangement have 
been retained, there have been corrected many 
errors insepai^ible from the issue of such a vol- 
ume; much new matter has been added, and 
not a little of the original text has been dis- 
carded. ... In this book and newspaper age, 
at least a hundred volumes are printed for one 
that appeared half a century ago, and when 
any important event occurs, the vastness and 
variety of information given in the press are 
phenomenal, — indeed are only rivalled by the 
utter irreconcilability of the several state- 
ments. . • . This is one of the difficulties with 
which a writer on such a subject as that chosen 
by Admiral Preble has to contend; to the 
Admiral's credit be it said he threads his way 
justly and sagaciously through the maze of 
myths embroidered upon the truth of his theme. 
. . . Still more interesting and valuable is the 
long chapter, enriched with numerous autog- 
raphies, devoted to our national and patriotic 
songs, though we should have liked to rind in 
the volume some mention of •' The Battle Cry of 
Freedom," which fairly earned a notice during 
the Civil War ; of a certain memorable copy of 
verses concerning a "flaunting lie;" and of 
those spirited lines on " Old Ironsides." How- 
ever, even in so large a volume, by so conscien- 
tious an editor, some things must be left out. 

The book will be forwarded, post-paid, by the publishers, A. Williams & Co, 
283 Washington Street, Boston, Mass., on the receipt of seven dollars, to any part of 
the United States or Great Britain, or to any country embraced in the Universal 
Postal Union. Or it can be purchased of 

G. P. Putnam's Sons New York. 

J. B. Lippincott £ Co Philadelphia, Penn. 

Cushings & Bailey Baltimore, Md. 

James J. Chapman Washington, D. C. 

Robert &A.BKE v<: Co Cincinnati. Ohio. 

Jansen, McClurg, & Co. . . . Chicago, Illinois. 

A. L. Bancroft & Co San Francisco, CaL 

Sampson Low & Co London, Eng. 



A Mayazine of Genealogy and Heraldry, /a/blished Quarterly in January, April, July and 

October, price 2s. Gd. Parts will be forwarded by mail on receipt of the price. 
Four volumes have been completed. Prices in cloth, Vol. I. 21s. ; Vols. II., HI. and 
IV. 15h. each. Parts of any volume can he supplied to complete sets. 
The Fifth Volume began with the number for January, 1881. 

Published by GEORGE! BELL & SONS, 

fork Street, CoyentT Garden, London, England. 
Communications for the Editor should be' addressed to George W.Marshall, Esq., LL.D., 
60 Onslow Gardens, London, S. VV. 

JI^T A. Williams & Co., 283 Washington Street, Boston, Mass., will supply the work to 
American subscribers at $1 a year, payable in advance. They Will also furnish vol. i. 
bound, at $8.50 ; vols, ii.'iii. and iv. hound, at £6 each ; 25 cent- a volume to be added if 
sent by mail. Single numbers, fit, post-paid. 


Published Quarterly by the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Montreal. 

|^" Subscription, $1.50 Canadian currency, per annum, in advance, payable to 
G. A. HOLMES, P. 0. Box 1310, Montreal, Canada. 

Tde American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal. — Devoted to Historic and Prehis- 
toric Archaeology. Published quarterly by Jameson ft Morse, ii;i Clark Street, Chicago, 
111. Terms $3 a year. Edited by the Rev. Stephen I). Pert, Clinton, Wisconsin. A 

ciate Editors: A. S. Gatschet, Washington, I). C. ; Prof. It. B. Anderson. Madison, 
Wis. ; Selah Merrill, D.D., Andover, Mass. ; liev. O. D. Miller, Nashua, X. 11. ; and Prof. 
John Avery, Brunswick, Me. 

The " American Antiquarian " and the '■ Oriental Journal," heretofore published by 
this firm and edited by Rev, Mr. Peet, have been united, and the new work combines the 
objects of both periodicals. 

Genealogy. — Pedigrees traced, family histories edited, and researches conducted by an 
Oxford graduate M.A., B.C.L., and Solicitor. Special attention paid to American Pedi- 
grees. Address W. P. W. Puillimore, 

6 Quality Court, Chancery Lane, 

London, England. 

Charles L. Woodward, 78 Nassau Street, New York, keeps a large #nd choice stock of 
books and pamphlets relating to the History, Antiquities, Linguistics, Biography and 
Genealogy, of all America, and is willing to sell them for what they are worth. Mr. \V\ 
would be glad to purchase at least two or three copies of any new Local History or 
Genealogy, at a fair trade discount. 

G. M. Elliott's Rare American Books — Concluded from last page of cover; 

Newton, Mass.— F. Jackson. ^Geneal.) 1854 7.50 i St. John, N. B.— Conwell. Cloth. 1877. 1.25 

Newton, Ms., 1630-1880— Smith, 8vo. p. 862. clo. 4.50 j Wenham, Ms.— Allen, pp. 220, clo. 1800 2.50 

New York Clergy. 50 Steel Pts., pp. 035. 1874 350 
Norwalk, Conn.— Hall [Genealogies]. Plates 3.50 
North Carolina— Wheeler. 2 vols., pp G1S. 1851 3.00 
Old South Church, Boston, History of— Burdett .50 
Patent Office Reports. [U.S.] 1700 to 1871 60.00 

Pennsylvania, History of— Cornell, pp. 570. 1876 3.00- 
Pennsylvania, Insurrection of 1744, pp. 336 2.00 

Peirce's Colonial Lists. 1881. Cloth 2.00 

Portland, Me., Illust. History of— Neal, pp. 160 .50 
Portsmouth, N. H., Annals of— N. Adams, 1825 4.00 
Reformed Church in America — Corwin. 3d ed. 

cloth. 1879. 18 Portraits, 22 views 3.00 

Ridgefield, Conn., Hist, of— Teller, pp. 251. 1878 1.50 
Salem, Ms., Annals of— Felt. Vol. 2 only. 1849 5.00 
Seymour, Conn.— Sharpe. 111. pp. 244. 1879 2.25 
South Carolina— D. Ramsay. Vol. 11. only. Bare 5.00 
Stanstead County, P. Q., Genealogies of 500 

Families— Hubbard & Lawrence, pp. 367. 1874 3.50 

West Boylston, Genealogical Keg. of. 1861 3.00 

West. States, Annals— J. M. Peck, pp. 818. 1851 5.00 
Windham County, Ct. — Larned, 2 v. clo. p. 1082 6.00 
Winthrop Me. — Thurston [Genealogies]. 1855 1.50 
Woodbury [Ancient], Conn., History and Gen- 
ealogy—Win. Cothren. 3 vols. 10.00 
Worcester County ,Mass. — P. Whitney, pp. 339. 
Sheets folded. Orig. Map. 1793. Very Rare 12.50 


Vols. XIV. to XX. New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg. 
Also, Oct. No. 1862, of same. 

Vols. I. and II. (or either vol.) of Savage's Genea- 
logical Dictionary. 

Chelmsford, Mass., Newspapers and publications. 

Lowell, Mass., Newspapers and Magazines. 

Priced Catalogue of "Americana," sent, post-paid, to any address. 


48 Central Street, Lowell, Ma 


If ORISON or Morrison Family. Bvo. pp. cloth 168. Portraits, &c. New, uncut. 1881 . $3.00 

: ■ Famllj in New England, Annals of. By K-B.Caveriy. l2mo. cloth, pp. 

rly Family, from A.D. 1116 to 1880. By Dr. a. M. and R, B. Caverly. Bvo. cloth, pp 3.00 

v w England Historical and Genealogical Register, 1M7 to 1**0, :;} vols, lialf turkey mor. fine set 150.00 
Another fine and complete set in numbers as issued, 34 vols. ..... . 

Dawson's Historical Magazine. 23 vols, complete in Nos. 1857-76. Rare .... 

Massachusetts Historical Society's Collections, 1792 to 1881. 16 volumes, half bound. Hare 150.00 

( ,1 \ 1. I LOGY. 

American Genealogies, Index to— Durrie, 1868 2. 00 
Belchertown, Mass.— Doolittle, 1 1862 2.00 

Bisbee Familv— W B. Lapham, pp, -is. 1876 1.00 
Burbank and Burbanck Families, pp. 26. i vM > .75 
( lapp Family— Ebenezer < l:i]>j >. cloth, pp. 520 1.00 
Colchester, Conn. Records— Tain tor, pp. 156, cl. 1.25 
Copp's Hill [Boston] Epitaphs— Bridgman. 1851 '5.50 
Corwin, Cm-win, Curwen Families, pp. 284. 1872 2.00 
Crosby Family— N. Crosby. Portraits. 1S77 1.50 
Dawson Family — C. C. Dawson. Ports, pp. 672 5 00 
Drake Family — S. G. Drake, pp. 61. Rare 3.50 

Eddy Family— J. W. Porter, pp. 72. 1877 1.00 

Eddy Famil) Tree— C. Eddy (pub. at.i.o-)). 1S80 1.50 
Edsons of Bridgewater, pp. 62. 1864. Rare 2.00 
Eliot Family— Eliot and Porter, p. 1st, h If mor. 3.00 
Eliot, John, the Apostle, and Lliots in England 

— Caverly. 12mo. boards, uncut, 1881, new 1.25 
Farringtfon Fam., Mass. and .Maine, pp. 24. 1880 .75 
Fanton Familv— W. L." Weaver, pp. 34. 18G7 l.oo' 
Fletcher Family. 8vo. cloth, p. 270. 187 1 3.50 

Fletcher Family Gathering. 1878 50 

Hadley. etc. (Mass.) Families- L. M. IV dt wood 2.50 
Harris, Win. Thaddeus, .Sketch of— Drake .26 

Harrison, Me.. Early Settlers of. pp. 138. 1^77 1.25 
Hatch Family— Fletcher, pp. 36, cloth. 1879 1.50 
Hazen Family— H. A. Hazen, pp. 7. uncut .75 

Ha/en Genealogy and Journal of Richard 

Hazzen, 1741 — II. A. Hazen, pp. 18. uncut 1.25 
Heraldry, Guide to— Montagu, pp. 75, cl. 1840 2.00 
Hinman's Early Puritans of Conn. pp. 88-1 15.00 

Same, No. 4, reprint, rare 5.00 

" No. 6 [Hinman Genealogy] 1.25 

Howe Family Gathering. 1871, pp. 46. Scarce 1.25 
Hull Family— O. Hull, pp. 30. 1863. Rare 1.00 

Huntington Family — E. IV Huntington, pp. 428 3.50 
Reyes Family of W. Boylston, p. 15. 1S57. Hare 1.00 
Lapham Family— Dr. W. IV Lapham. pp. 31 1.00 
Lawrence Kamilv— John Lawrence, 3rd and 4th 

eds. 2 vols. pp. 406. 1860-76. Rare 5.00 

Lawrence Family — John Lawrence, pp. 74. 1876 1.50 
Leonard Family— W. R. Deane, pp. 24. 185:j .50 
Morse Familv — Abner Morse. 1850. Very rare 15.00 
Mudge Ftimily— A. Mudge, pp. 443 1808 3.50 

Munroe Family — J. G. Locke, pp. 15. Port. 185! .7-~> 
Newell Family, cloth, p. 200. 1878 3.00 

New Eng. Hist. Gen. 80c. Memorial Biographies. 

Vol.1. 1845-52. 8vo. clo. pp. 533. 1881 2.25 

Pedigrees. Chauncey and Cotton Families, each .50 
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Sumner, Walter, Bradstreet, Pow- 
ers, Boyd, Chamberlain Fam's, each .35 
Peirce Family— F. W. Peirce, p. 41)0. 1870. Rare 6.00 
F. C. Pierce, p. 278. 1880 4.00 

Perkins Family— G. A. Perkins, pp 16. 1872 .:."> 
Porter Family — J. \V. Porter, pp. 344, cloth 3.00 
Reed Family— J. w. Reed, p. 596, clo. Pts. 1861 4. 00 
Rice Family— A. H. Ward. Cloth, pp. 370. Hare 5.00 
Kicker Family— Wm. B Lapham, pp. 20. 1877 1.00 
Rockwood Family. pp. 161, cloth. Boston. I860 .75 
Savage's Genealogical Diet. Vols. HI. and IV.12.00 

Same. Notes and Errata to— Dull, pp. 8 .75 

Shrewsbury [Mass.] Families— Ward, pp. 200 3.60 
Sprague Family, HIngham, pp. 68. 1828 Rare 10.00 
Stoddard Family— D. w. Patterson, pp. 06. 18732.50 
Tain tor Family— C. M. Talntor. 1847 1.2.'. 

Thayer Family, etc., Memorial, pp.280. 1836 5.00 
Tilley Family, Bvo., cloth, pp. 80 1.25 

Tyngsboro', Hass., Genealogies, eto. 1876 Ran 
Ward, \ 11 Memoir with Genealogy. 1- ..">o 

\\ Indhara (Ancient), Conn., Fam's— Weaver 
Woodbridge Family— M. K. Talcott. 1878 1.00 

Loo LL Histobt, 1 1 

American Annal — Holmes, 2 vols, 1805 

Amer, Antiq. 80c. Proceedings, ?o Vols. 

Amer. ^ntia. Soc. Collections, 7 vols. 1820-78 28.00 

American Pioneer. 2 vols. < In. 1843. Rnr son 

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Bami I \y Ols. Wants Portrait- 10.00 

Andover, Mass.— Abbot! pp. 204, bds. 3.50 

Andover, Mass.— Bailey, p. 650, clo. 1880. 20 111 
Arlington, Mass., History and Genealogies ol 3X0 
Baptists in America, pp. 476, cloth. 1836 
Belfast, Me., History of. pp. 066, doth. 1877 
Billerica, Mass. — John Farmer 1816. Reprint LOO 
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Boston, Hist, of 2d Ctiurch. clo., pp. 320. Its. 1.50 
Boston, Munic'l Hiat. of. 8 vo. Bheets, p. 444 3.50 
Boston, (East)— Sumner, pp. B01. Portraits 3.50 
Boston, (South) Hist. of. cloth, pp. 331. l».">7 2.50 
Boston Notions— Dearborn. Plate-. 1848. Rare 5.00 
Barley's U. s. Gazetteer, pp. 892, cloth. 1876 2.00 
Canadian Handbook [ Historic]. Plates, pp. 200 1.25 
Canada, History of— Wi throw, pp. 616; 1870 3.00 
Carlisle. Mass.. Hist. First Parish .75 

Charlestown, Mass. — F. Bartlett. 1814. Reprint 1.00 
Charlestown, Gen. and Estates of— \Vyman * 00 
Charlestown, Mass. — Frothingham. Nos. Rare 0.00 
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Cincinnati Directory, 1810. pp. 150, bds. uncut 
Colorado, A Summer in— Bowles, pp. 166 1.00 

Congregational Quarterly. 20 vols. Nos. com- 
plete. 70 Fort's. [Hist., Biog. and Geneal.] 25.00 
Connecticut Kvang'l Mag. 5 vols., calf. If 
Dublin, N.H. [with GenealogiesJ lilf. mor. rare 6.00 
Dunstable, Mass.— Elias Na.-ou, pp. :]in. 1877 3.00 
Dunstable (Old)— C. J. Fox. pp. 278, clo. 1846 3.50 
Duxbury, Mass.— Winsor. [Genealogies] p. 360 Loo 
Easthampton, Mass. [Genealogies.] Lyman 1.50 
I'a-thampton, Mass., Centennial. 1876. Cloth 
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Newport, N. IL. Directory and History. 1870 




Historical and Genealogical 



VOL. X X X V. — J U L Y, 1881 






t>64 Washington St. 



John Ward Dean, A.M. (Editor), Jeremiah Colboht, A.M., 
Lrcirs 11. Paige, D.D., William B. Trask, 

Edmund F. Slafter, A M., HknryH. Edes, 

Henry F. Waters, A.B. 


*** Illustrations: 

1. Portrait of the Rev SAMUEL CUTLER {to face page 213). 

2. Facsimile of the«autograph of Thomas Sharp, page 23 5. 

3. Facsimile of the autograph of John Browne, page 2-53. 

4. Facsimile of the autograph of Samuel Browne, page 2j3. 

I. Sketch of the Life of the Rev. Samuel Cutler. Bv the Rev. James M. 

Gray " 213 

II. Sudbury Documents. Com. by William B. Trask, Esq 218 

III. Letter of Jean Mascarene, 1687. Com. by Samuel E. Turner, A.M. . . 222 

IV. Marriages in West Springfield. (Continued.) Com. by Lyman H. Bagg, A.M. 228 
V. Maj. Pike's Land in Salisbury. Com. bv William B. Trask, Esq. . . . 232 

YI. Thomas Sharp's Letter, 1632. Com. hy William B. Trask, Esq. ... 233 

VII. Letters of Nicholas Moorey. Com. by Willia?n B. Trask, Esq. . . . 23") 

VIII. Longmeadow Families. (Continued.) Com. bv Willard S. Allen, A.M. . 236 

IX. The Harrison Family " 240 

X. The Rev. John Eliot's Record of Roxbury Church Members. (Continued.) 

Com. bv William B. Trask, Esq 241 

XL Letters Patent of Denization. Com. by John T. Hassam, A.M. . . . 218 

XII. John and Samuel Browne. Com. by William B. Trask, Esq 252 

XIII. Injury to William Good by the Witchcraft Delusion. Com. by Peter 

Thacher, A.M . 253 

XIV. The Family of Dimmer. By Col. Joseph L. Chester, LLD 254 

XV. Was Gov. Leverett a Knight ? 272 

XVI. Memoranda by Joseph Faravell. Com. by Samuel A. Green, M.D. . . 275 

XVII. Belief in Astrology in Neav England. Com. by John D. Champlin, Jr., A.M. 276 

XVIII. Notes and Queries : 

Notes. — Keayne; Newman and Stone, 277; Almost a Centenarian, 278. 

Queries. — Harris; Newton, Walker, Eliot and Wheeler; Waterman; Pier- 
pont; McClenachan, Drummond, Bell, 278; Ladd ; Little; Sears; Lee; Clark, 
Hancock, Tyng ; Alice Honour, 279; Rollins, Bowden; Ridland, 230. 

Replies.— JJwinell ; Blake and Batchelder, 280 ; Porter, 281. • 

Announcements — Middletown, Ct. ; Americans of Royal Descent; Genealo- 
gies in Preparation, 281 ; Town Histories in Preparation/ 282 . . . 277-282 

XIX. Societies and their Proceedings: 

New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 282 ; Canton Historical Society; 
Pocomtuck Valley Memorial Association, 283 ; Nova Scotia Historical Society ; 
Rhode Island Historical Society, 284; Virginia Historical Society; Archaeo- 
logical Institute of America, 285 282-285 

XX. Necrology of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society: ' 

William Lawton, Esq , 286; Thomas D. Quinc3 T , Esq., Rev. William Grigson, 
M.A., 287'; Rev. Alexander H Vinton, D.D., 288; William Makepeace, Esq. ; 
Samuel Webber, M.D., 289; Hon. John Sargent, 290; Amos Lawrence, Esq ; 
Rev. John A. Vinton ; J. B. Bright, Esq. ; Rev. Samuel Cutler, 291 286-291 

XXI. Book Notices 291-304 

XXII. List of Recent Publications 304-305 

XXIII. Deaths . 306 

Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society. — The 
first volume of this work, containing the biographies of forty-three members, or all who 
died during; the first eight years of the Society's existence, namely, from 1845 to 1852, in- 
clusive, has been published. It makes an octavo of 533 pages, printed on superior paper 
and handsomely bound. Price $2.25, or $2.47 by mail. Address John Ward Dean, 18 
Somerset St., Boston, Mass. 

Heraldic Journal. — In the Brinley sale a copy of this periodical sold for a high price. 
Full sets of the four years in original parts may be obtained from either of the Editors for 
twelve dollars a set. William 11. Whitmore, 48 Congress Street, 

William S. Appleton, 39 Beacon Street, 


Mt $cw-13uglaiul gtetonal ;uut (Sciualogial Agister. 

Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records of the 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and political life of the people of the United States, and particu- 
larly of New England, is published quarterly by the Now England Historic, Genealogical Society, 
Boston, on the first day of January, April, July ami October, at $3 a year in advance, or 7"> CtS, 
ft number. Each number contains not less than % octavo pages, with a portrait on steel. Address, 
John Ward Dean, Editor, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 

O* Entered at the Post-Office at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 




y&??l>6£^6 /y/^^C^y 




JULY, 1881. 


Historiographer of the New England Historic, Genealogical 


By the Rev. Jami:s M. okay, Boston. M 

THE family to which Mr. Cutler belonged was of puritan stock. 
His emigrant ancestor, John Cutler, originally of Hingham, 
England, appears among the persecuted adherents of one Rev. Rob- 
ert Peck, who " sold their possessions for half their value, and in 

16o7 removed with him to New England, and named the place of 
their settlement after their natal town." On his mother's side Mr. 
Cutler's lineage was coincident with that of the family of Hutchin- 
son, which early attained SO prominent a place in both the political 
and religious history of this country. Thomas Hutchinson, the 
great uncle of Mr. Cutler, a graduate of Harvard, was governor of 
the province of Massachusetts Bay in 1771, alter having held the 
offices of speaker of the General Court, Lieut. Governor and Chief 
Justice. He in turn was the fourth remove from the celebrated 
Anne Hutchinson, daughter of the Rev. Francis Mar! any, born in 
Alford, Eng., in 1591, but who, becoming interested in the preach- 
ing: of John Cotton and of her brother-in-law John Wheelwright, 
followed the former to this country with her husband in 1634. 

Samuel Cutler, the subject of this memoir, was born in Newbu- 
ryport, Mass., on the 12th of May, 1805. His father was for 
many years a merchant in that city, president of an insurance com- 
pany, and warden of the Protestant Episcopal Church, to which he 
was much attached. At fourteen years of age Samuel entered a 
store as clerk, but upon attaining his majority removed to Portland, 
Me., forming a copartnership in the dry goods business. In that 
city he continued to reside for a period of eight years. Here it was, 
to use his own expression, that " the Holy Spirit was exercised with- 
in him, giving him a more correct and exalted idea of God than he 
had ever entertained." It was the earnest gospel-preaching and con- 
sistent living of the consecrated and renowned Dr. Edward Pay son, 
which under God brought about this happy change. Whoever 
vol. xxxv. 19 

214 The Rev. Samuel Cutler. [July, 

knew both Dr. Payson and Mr. Cutler, must have been able to 
distinguish many traits in the one which reminded them of the 
other. Comparing Dr. Cummings'a memoir of Edward Payson 
with Mr. Cutler's private journal, I have been astonished at the sim- 
ilarity. The former in character and service was a noble model, 
the latter a worthy copy. 

The second copartnership which Mr. Cutler had formed in Port- 
land expired in February, 1834, at which time he came to Boston, 
connecting himself as partner with the importing and jobbing firm 
of Edward Clarke & Co., the relation being finally dissolved in 
1837-8. And now arrived the second important epoch in his his- 
tory. His heart had long said, " You may be useful as a minister of 
Jesus ;" and he now thought he heard God's voice proclaiming f ' This 
is the way, walk ye in it." The question of duty sorely troubled 
him. Flattering openings appeared in commercial life, and indica- 
tions were not wanting that such might be his proper sphere. He 
deprecated what he regarded as his few attainments and meagre abil- 
ity, but "he call of God could not be disregarded. "Can I prepare 
myself for the ministry?" he inquired ; to this the answer came, "If 
God has called you, He will enable you to prepare yourself; the 
five loaves will increase in the distribution ; the one talent may be 
multiplied if improved ; go on, and trust in the Lord." He went 
on. After much reflection, conferring only with his wife, and seek- 
ing the direction of Him without whose aid all our consultations 
are little worth, he came to his decision. "I trust," he writes, 
"that it is a correct decision, — and if so, may God give me grace 
to engage earnestly and perseveringly and prayerfully in the work 
of preparation for the ministry ; if in that ministry He will be 
pleased to make me an instrument of promoting His glory and of 
saving souls." Plow faithfully this prayer was answered and the 
work performed, scores of the redeemed declare, some in heaven 
and some on earth. 

On May 12th, 1841, Mr. Cutler was ordained in St. Paul's 
Church in Boston to the Diaconate by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Gris- 
wold of the Protestant Episcopal Church. In the following year he 
was ordained a Presbyter in St. Andrew's Church, Hanover, Mass., 
to the Rectorship of which he had been called. In this latter or- 
dination, Bishop Griswold was assisted by the Rev. John Woart of 
Christ Church, Boston, and the Rev. Thomas M. Clarke, then 
Rector of Grace Church, and now Bishop of Rhode Island. Mr. 
Cutler remained at Hanover more than thirty years ; which fact 
alone is more emphatic than any language possibly could be, in 
demonstration of the high value that his people placed upon his 
labors, and of their deep and abiding attachment to him as a man. 
His resignation in 1872 was accepted with unfeigned sadness. His 
departure from Hanover was a loss sustained not by his parish alone, 
but by the community at large. The "Abington Standard" of 

1881.] The Rev. Samuel Cutler. 215 

April, 1872, doubtless truthfully expressed the feelings of its read- 
ers, when, in an extended notice of Mr. Cutler's work of thirty 
years, it testified that he " was universally respected and beloved ; 
that the impress of his ministry would not soon be effaced ; that he 
would be followed by many good wishes, and long be held in re- 
spectful and affectionate remembrance." 

The fall of 1877 brought together in the city of Boston the Tri- 
ennial Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church. In some 
respects this was the most notable gathering in the history of that 
body. It witnessed the conclusion of the warmly contested battle, 
which had been waged within its communion between the high and 
the low Church parties for nearly or quite a quarter of a cen- 
tury. " The result of that long war was victory all along the line 
for the ritualistic advance," wrote John Henry Hopkins, D.D., 
one of the boldest and ablest representatives of the High Church 
party. "A victory so complete," he adds, "that the renewal of 
hostilities hereafter is hopeless." This the writer considers apparent 
even to a superficial observer; and men of Mr. Cutler's mould, 
therefore, felt that there was no longer a place within the Protest- 
ant Episcopal Church where they could honestly labor. His views 
of the truth were acquired in the extreme evangelical school. Was 
it not natural that he should look with dismay at what he considered 
to be a deflection in the Church of his love? In fact, this was the 
underlying cause of his resignation at Hanover, to which we have 
just referred. He was relieved, and his mind brought to a point 
however, by the result of this convention of 1877, when, after long 
and prayerful deliberation, he resigned his office as presbyter in the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. Hard was the struggle, bitter the 
anguish it cost, but M in the spirit with which John Winthrop 
and his Puritan companions, before leaving Yarmouth in 1630 for 
these western shores, bade an affectionate adieu to the Church of 
England, trusting in God to be with and to guide them, so with the 
prayer that the divisions and compromises in the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church might be overruled for the glory of God, he said, 
farewell ! " 

More than three score years and ten of his life had now been 
spent. Unremittingly he had wielded the Sword of the Spirit in the 
defence of the Truth for a third of a century. He carried the marks 
of conflict. Might he not have retired in glory and rested in peace? 
No one could have gainsayed such an act. But his work w r as not 
done. Coke at the age of seventy started to Christianize India ; 
might he not as well have yet a task to perform ? The Reformed 
Episcopal Church, organized by the more aggressive and zealous of 
his earlier colleagues, had been in existence three years. Ir was a 
strictly Protestant liturgical church ; canonically free from roman- 
izing errors, with an open pulpit, and sacramentarianism expunged. 
It was indeed — as he thought — the church of his fathers, the Pro- 

216 The Rev. Samuel Cutler. [J u ty> 

testant Episcopal Church of fifty years ago ! Its establishment in 

this, the intellectual and mercantile centre of New England, at once 
came the darling and holy ambition of his life. By the help of 
God he would give to it the benefit of his name, his experience and 
his faith ! The history of his subsequent efforts in Boston may be 
briefly narrated. On the 13th of November, 1877, his letter of 
resignation to the Bishop of this Diocese, appeared in print. On 
the A d\ent Sunday following, with a little band of devoted adher- 
ents, he inaugurated public services in the Freeman Place Chapel, 
under the constitution and canons of the Reformed Episcopal 
Church. This action is regarded as the crowning act of his life, the 
cap-sheaf of his history ! In many respects it partook of the char- 
acter of true heroism. Friends were few, and foes were many, but 
the invincible faith of Samuel Cutler neither required the encour- 
agement of the one, nor was dismayed by the derision of the 
other. He gave no heed to opposition. In the consciousness of 
right he was content, if need be, to stand alone ! During the two 
years in which he served as pastor of this little flock, his task was 
that of a conservator rather than a promulgator of their particular 
views, and when eighteen months ago, at his own request, his suc- 
cessor appeared, as the work began to develop and promise a hap- 
py result, he felt that at last he might die. His language was then, 
"Lord, now let thy servant depart." The day of happy release soon 
came. In the early spring of last year he was attacked by disease 
of a rheumatic nature, which defied the physician's skill. His 
death however was hastened, perhaps, by his own indisposition 
to remain. "All the days of his appointed time would he wait till 
his change came," but still he was anxious to go. *Why tarry so 
the chariot wheels?" he said ; " Come quickly, Lord Jesus, come ! " 
It was just before dawn on the morning of the 17th of July, 1880, 
that his spirit departed. The closing days and hours of his life were 
spent in testifying to the power and goodness of God. His suffer- 
ing was at times severe, yet not a murmur escaped ; the Atonement 
of Christ was the theme of his thought ; he often rehearsed the 
promises ; his faith never failed. Triumphantly resigning his 
strongest and tenderest ties, he glided away without a fear or a 
doubt into the fathomless, measureless ocean of God. " He came to 
his grave like as a shock of corn cometh in in his season." He was 
ripe for the kingdom. Ripe in years, ripe in his worldly relations, 
ripe in the fulfilment of the happiest dream of his life. That life 
closed without a cloud, 

" As sets the morning star, which g 
Not down behind the darkened West, nor hides 
Obscured among the tempests of tin* sky. 
But melts away into the light of Heaven." 

Mr, Cutler's influence extended greatly beyond his immediate 
circle of friends and acquaintances, lie was a copious writer — the 

1881.] The Rev. Samuel Cutler. 217 

author of several tracts and larger devotional works, and a frequent 
contributor to the periodical press. Among the larger devotional 
books from his pen maybe mentioned those entitled, "The Name 
Above Every Name," and "The Work of the Holy Spirit;" being 
doctrinal and practical meditations for every day in the year. Both 
of them, recently revised, are published by the American Tract 
Society. He was a promoter of private and public charities ; a 
director of the North End Mission ; interested in the American 
Bible and Tract Societies, the General Theological Library of Boston, 
and other similar institutions. 

On the 5th of November, 1869, he was admitted a resident mem- 
ber of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, and the 
following year constituted himself a life member. He took an ac- 
tive part in the affairs of the society, and made frequent contribu- 
tions to the library. During the absence of the recording secretary 
from the United States, Mr. Cutler was chosen secretary pro tem- 
pore, and performed the duties of that office from December, 1873, 
to June, 1874. At the annual meeting, January 6, 1875, he was 
chosen historiographer to succeed the lie v. Dorus Clarke, D.D. 
This office, for which he had peculiar qualifications, he held till his 
death, over five years and a half. In this time he wrote memorial 
sketches of more than one hundred and seventy-five deceased mem- 
bers, which were read at the monthly meetings of the society and after- 
wards printed in the Register. The readers of this work will 
agree with the writer, that they are models of concise biography, 
showing a painstaking accuracy and love of truth. 

Although Mr. Cutler was twice married, no living descendant sur- 
vived him; his only child — a son, born of his second wife — having 
died eleven years ago, at the age of thirty-three. The first marriage 
of Mr. Cutler took place August 31, 1829, with Julia A., daugh- 
ter of Levi and Lucretia Cutter, of the city of Portland, Maine. 
The second, June 19, 1833, with Elizabeth D., daughter of John 
and Deborah Gardner, of Exeter, N. H., who survives him. 

He was ever intensely active, earnest and aggressive in the cause 
of the Lord ; and like Hezekiah, " in every work that he began in 
the service of God, he did it with all his heart, and prospered." 
And yet he was a man of great prudence. No one could imagine 
him hasty, or rash, or unwise. It was his habit to deliberate long; 
to weigh cause and effect. He was conscientious to an extraordi- 
nary degree. The paramount question with him was not, " What is 
my policy?" but, " What is my duty ? " The personal sacrifice he 
made on leaving the old church to unite with the new, turned on a 
question of conscience ; so did his change from mercantile life to 
the humble and unremunerative work of the gospel. It would be 
almost superfluous to say to those who knew him that he was pure 
in his life. One can hardly conceive that he had ever an enemy, 
so considerate was he, and gentle, and true ! He was open handed 
vol. xxxv. 19* 

218 Sudbury Documents, [July, 

in charity, adopting early in life a rule to which he ever adhered, 
of appropriating a certain part of his annual income to the service 
of God. As freely as he received he cheerfully gave. "In water- 
ing others," he said "he became watered also himself." He was 
broad in spirit. Like the late Dr. Channing, whom in many re- 
spects he greatly revered, he distrusted sectarian influence. He 
never sympathized with modern high church views, and always held 
to the validity of the Christian ministry and ordinances as adminis- 
tered in Protestant churches of other names than his own. He was 
firm in the truth. Modern speculation never disturbed him so far 
as his own hope was concerned. He knew whom he believed. 
He was saddened by the rationalism and infidelity of the day be- 
cause of their effect upon others ; but as for himself he ever re- 
tained his hold upon the truth as to the Tri-unity of God, the neces- 
sity of the Atonement, the plenary Inspiration of the Scriptures, and 
Justification by Faith. These were the foundation stones of his spi- 
ritual building, than to deny which he would sooner have parted with 
his life ! He was not only firm in the truth, but steadfast in faith. 
Faith in his Saviour's ability and readiness to pardon his sin ; faith 
in the superintending Providence of God ; faith in the fulfilment of 
His every promise. Faith which produced a childlike submission, 
a patient endurance, an ever hopeful anticipation. " I have faith to 
believe," was his favorite, and perhaps most frequently uttered re- 
mark. It was that faith which grandly sustained him and encour- 
aged others in the work of the gospel. It has found its reward, let 
us hope, in the fulfilment of its own holy desires. 


Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

THE two papers, copied from the original, which follow, we 
consider to be of great importance, as they give additional 
light and information in regard to the Sudbury fight in 1676, which 
has been discussed in the pages of the Register by the Hon. 
George S. Boutwell, and by a Committee of the Society, chosen in 
1866, consisting of Frederic Kidder, Esq., and Gen. Adin B. 
Underwood. See Register, xx. 135, 341. 

Sudbury's Account of losses — 1676. 

An Accompt of Losse Susteined by Severall Inhabitants of y e towne of 
Sudbury by y e Indian Enemy y e 21 th Aprill 1676. 

li s d 

Mary Bacon formerly y e Relict of Ensigne Noyes . . 140: 00: 00 

Thomas Plympton . . ; . . . . 130: 00: 00 

Deacon John Haines 180: 00: 00 


Sudbury Documents. 


Serj : Josiah Haines 
Cap 1 : James Pendleton 
John Goodenow . 

William MoOl 

Edward Wright . 
Eliae Keyea 

John Smith 

Samuell How 

J\I r Pelham 

M" Thomas Steevene 

Corporal] Henry Rice 

John Allen 

James Rosse 

John ( rrout juh T 

Thomas Rice 
Widd Whale 
Henry ( tartice 
John Brewer 
Jacob Bfoores 
Henry Loker 
Joseph SreemaD 
Joseph ( rrayes 
Peter King 
Widd Habgood . 
Benjamin ( Irane 
Thomas Wedge 
John Blanford 
Thomas Brewes 
Richard Bark 
Thomas Reade 

Totall Si 




Lfi : 


050 : 






00: 00 
00: 00 

00: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 

oo: 00 
00: 00 
00: 00 

00: 00 




00: 00 
00: no 
00: <>0 
00: 00 



Besides y c uncovering y e Many booses A: Barnes, & Borne hundreds of 
Acres of lands which lay unimproved for feare of y c Enemy to Oar greate 
loss & Damage. 

Sudbury's Petition to the General Court, 1G7G. 

To y c Hon blc y c Governo 1- Dep* Governo r Magistrates & Deputies of y* 
Gen 11 Court assembled at Boston y° 11 th Octob r 1676 

The hum ble Petition of yo r : poore distressed Inhabitants of Sudbury 
Hmnb Sheweth 

That whereas yo r impoverished Petition" of Sudbury have received in- 
telligence of a large contribution sent out of Ireland by some pious, & well 
affected psons for y c releife of theire brethren in New-England distressed 
by y c hostile intrusion of y e Indian Enemy, and that upon this divers dis- 
tressed townes have presented a list of theire losses Susteined by fireing & 
plundering of theire Estates. Let it not seeme presumption in yo r poore 
Petition 1 " 3 to p r seut a list of what Damages we sustained by y e Enemies 
attempts hopeing that o r lott will be to be considered among Our bretheren 

220 Sudbury Documents. [July, 

of y e tribe of Joseph, being encouraged by an act of Our IIon ble Gen 11 
Court, that those who have Sustained considerable damage should make 
addresse to this p r sent Session. And is there not a reason for Our releife ? 
Not onely by reason of Our greate losses, but also for Our Service pf'orm- 
ed in repelling y c Enemy: let y e Most High have y e high praise due unto 
him, but let not y c unworthy Instruments be forgotten. Was there with Vs 
any towne so beset since y e warr began with twelve, or fourteene hundred 
fiirhtinir men, various Sagamores from all Parts with theire men of Amies 
& they resolved by Our mine to revenge y c releife which Our Sudbury Vol- 
unteers affoarded to distressed Malbrough in slaying many of y e I^nemy & 
repelling y e rest. The strength of Our towne upon y e Enemy's approach- 
ing it consisted of Eighty fighting men. True, many houses were fortified, 
& Garrison'd & tymously after y e Enemy's invasion, & fireing some Volun- 
teers from Watertown, & Concord & deserveing Cap 1 Wads worth with his 
force came to Our releife, which speedy & Noble service is not to be for- 
gotten. The Enemy well knowing Our grounds, passes, avenues, and situ- 
ations had neare surrounded Our towne in y e Morning early (Wee not 
knowing of it) till discovered by fireing severall disserted houses: the Enemy 
with greate force & fury assaulted Deacon Haines' house well fortified yet 
badly scituated, as advantagous to y e Enemy's approach & dangerous to y* 
Repellant, yet (by y e help of God) y e Garrison not onely defended y e place 
fro betweene five or six of y e clock in y e Morning till about One in y e After- 
noone but forced y e Enemy with considerable slaughter to draw-off. 

Many Observables worthy of Record hapned in this assault. Vizt: That 
noe man or woman seemed to be possessed with feare : Our Garrison-men 
kept not within their Garrisons, but issued forth to fight y e Enemy in their 
sculking approaches : We had but two of Our townes men slaine, & y l by 
indiscretion, none wounded ; The Enemy was by few beaten out of houses 
which they had entered & were plundering. And by a few hands were 
forced to a running flight which way they could : y e spoyle taken by them 
on y e East side of y e river was in greate p te recovered. 

Furthermore pmitt yo r hum ble Petitcon rs to present a second Motion, 
And let it be acceptable in y e eyes of this Our Grand Court Vizt : 

That whereas by an Act of Our late Gen 11 Court Ten rates are leavied 
upon Our towne amonting unto 200 lb : (as appeareth p warrant from Our 
Treasurer, which said sum was leavied by Our Invoyce taken in y e yeare 
before Our greate damage susteyned. It is y e humble & earnest request of 
yo r Petition" to commisserate Our Condition in granting to vs some abate- 
ment of y e said sum, for y e ensueing considerations. Vizt ffirst Our towne 
to pay full for theire estates then taken, which in greate pte they have now 
lost by y e Enemy's invasion may seem not to savour of pitty no not of 
equity. Secondly if y e service pformed at Sudbury (by the help of y e Al- 
mighty) whereby y c Enemy lost some say 100, some 105, some 120 and 
by that service much damage prevented from hapning to other places 
where by y c Country in generall was advantaged, reason requires some fa- 
vourable consideration to yo r servants of Sudbury. For if it be considered 
what it hath cost Our Country in sending out some forces some of which 
pties have not returned with y c certaine newes of such a number Blaine as 
with us, is it not reason 1 " that this service soe beneficiall should not be con- 
sidered with some reward which may most easily be essected [tic] by issue- 
ing forth an Act of yo r grace in a sutable abatem 1 of y e said Mini leavied. 
With y c conferring of a Barrell of Powder & sutable shott in regaurd that 
yo r Petioners have spent not onely their owne stock of either, but much of 


Sudbury Documents . 


y e Towne stock. To which humble & Equitable Motions if Our hou ble 
Court shall benignely condescend Yo u will deepely Oblidge yo r humble 
Petitioners not onely to pray for y e p r sence of y e Lord to be with yo u in 
all yo r arduous affaires with the blessing of Thalmighty upon all yo r under- 
takings but shall for Ever remaine Yo r humble Servants, 

Edm. Browne 
Edm Goodnow 
John Grovtt 
John Haines 
Josiah Haynes 
Thomas Read 
Peter King 
John Rvter sen r 
Joseph Noyes 
John Goodenow 
Matthew Gibs 
Thomas wedge 
Benjemen Crane 
Zacriah Maynord 
Joseph : Moore 
John Parminter 
Joseph parmeuter 

Peter noyes 
Jonathan Stanhope 
Edward wright 
Jebeth Browne 
John Grovt jun r 
Joseph Graves 
Tho: Walker 
John Blanford 
John Allen 
Henry Curtis 
Jacob Moores 
John Brewer 
James Ross 
Richard Burk 
John Smith 
Thomas Breves 
Samuell How 
Henery Loker 

In Answ r to the Petion" for Abatem* in their Last Ten Country Rates 
by reason of their Losses in Estates by the Como Enemy : wee vppon ex- 
ama finde y* in their Last Assesm' their estats falls short 4 lb . 9 s . : in 
their single Country Rate doe therfor Judge meet. s d Towne of Sudbury 
be Allow d £44: 10 8 out of their whole sume to their 10. Rates: & Re- 
ferring to their request for a Barrell of Powder &c. wee refer it to y e 
Courts determnacon. 

William Parke 
Hugh Mason 
John Wayte. 

The 'Deputyes approue of the ret. of this Committee in Answer to this 
9 pet. o r Hono rd magis ts Consenting hereto 

William Torrey Cleric. 

25 October 1676. Consented to by y e magis ts . 

Edward Rawson Secrey. 

[Endorsed :]— Sudbury's Petition.— Read w to the deputyes Read w th the 
magis ts & Reffered to the Deputyes first to Ans r it : 

Edw Ratvson sect 17 p Curia=En* 34. 

222 Letter of Jean Mascarene. [July, 


Communicated by Samue^ Epes Turner, A.M., of Baltimore, MJ. 

Letter to M. Devie, his Attorney, writ'en from the prison of the Hotel de ViUe y 

December 1, 1C87. 

[In the Register, vol. ix., pages 239-47, and vol. x., pages 
143-8, will be found some papers of the Mascarene family, with a 
tabular pedigree. The following letter of instructions and poem, 
in French, from the same collection, have been translated and fur- 
nished us by Mr. Turner. This letter is mentioned in one from 
Paul Mascarene to a relative dated "London, 30th Sept. 1763," 
which is printed in the article first referred to above. Those who 
wish to know the later history of Jean Mascarene will find it in the 
letter of Paul. lie was kept in prison till April, 1688, when he 
was carried to the frontiers of France and released, but forbidden 
to return to that country. He arrived in Geneva, April .10, 1688, 
from which place he removed to Utrecht, where he died April 6, 
1698, aged 38.— Editor.] 


I have cast my eyes upon you tp pray you to defend my rights and 
put them in evidence, because I know of no attorney more enlightened by 
study and by experience, more honorable, or less likely to be influenced by 
an ill-cjoverned and ill-advised religious zeal. 

I make profession of the Reformed Religion, and I am in prison accused 
of having violated the edict of the King, which forbids his subjects to de- 
part the kingdom. 

2. I was arrested at Agen the 20th or 21st of February in the year 
1686 (my wife with me) by the Lt. Chevalier de Gramond. lieutenant of 
dragoons, and conducted by him and several other officers, accompanied by 
soldiers, to the Logis de St. Jacques ; thence, after separation from my 
wife, I was led to the prison of the Presidial of Agen, with others that had 
been arrested. An hour later I was visited by a sergeant and a soldier of 
the Touraine regiment, who took my tablets from me after I hail opened 
them in the presence of the goaler. There was nothing in the tablets but 
a bit of card board on which a diagram was drawn. These tablets were 
taken to the officers in command of the troops then in Agen. 

3. Two or three days afterward I was examined by an official in a gown, 
who was addressed as " Lieutenant of the Presidial of Agen." I appealed 
from him to my natural judge, but although I had determined not to an- 
swer any of his questions, I could not restrain myself when he Bhowed me 
my tablets and 1 saw written in them a sonnet in the Gascon diale 
derision, as he said, of the conversions that were made. I presume that the 
officers of the Touraine regiment, through whose hands my tablets passed) 

had written it there. I contented my self with protesting thai I had neither 
Composed, Written, read nor heard mention of the said sonnet, and that it 
had been foisted into my tablets after 1 had handed them over to the ser- 

1881.] Letter of Jean Mascarene. 223 

geant and soldier, as I called both them and the gaoler to witness. My 
protest was recorded upon the sonnet itself. 

4. After a second hearing, some twelve or fifteen days later, during 
which I kept urging my appeal, I was sent to Castres, together with M. 
Dupuy, now a prisoner in the Conciergerie under the same charge with me. 
He was arrested the same day that I was, and it was then that I made his 

After we had been some days in the prison of Latoucandiere at Castres, 
M. Barbara, the criminal judge, proceeded to my hearing. 

5. He asked me if it were not true that I had left my house in Castres 
at the beginning of the summer of 1685, to go into the country. I replied 
that I had passed the summer with my wife at my farm near Angles, at- 
tending to my haying and harvesting, and enlarging my house, which had 
previously contained but one room, so as to pass comfortably one or two 
months there every summer. 

6. He asked me if after returning to Castres towards the end of the 
summer I had not again gone to my farm. I answered in the affirmative. 

7. He asked me why 1 had left my country house with my wife about 
the 10th or 12th of October. 1G85. I answered that my wife was then 
pregnant, expecting to be confined in seven or eight days, and was much 
alarmed at the rumors current that Castres and Angles were to be given 
up to the soldiery, as the neighboring towns had already been, and afraid 
that our house would be occupied by them. 

As it was impossible for me to reassure her, and I saw that her life and 
our child's life were in danger, I sought an asylum for her among some pea- 
sants in the mountains near Nove, where we passed part of the winter. 
Here she was delivered of a male child, which was named Jean Paul Mas- 
carene (he is now at Castres). 

8. He asked me why I had gone to Toulouse. I replied that the news 
that twenty of the Conismark {query, Konigsmark) regiment had sold my 
cottage and all the hay and straw on my farms, together with my furniture, 
and had been detailed in the night to arrest us, so increased my wife's fears 
that we were obliged to depart. This was the more necessary because we 
could no longer remain in that locality by reason of an ordinance of the 
Intendant which forbade harboring those of the Religion under the penalty 
of 500 livres fine. 

I said, moreover, that Article XII. of the edict of the King revoking the 
Edict of Nantes, gave us liberty to go into all the cities of the kingdom with- 
out molestation on occount of our religion. 

9. He asked me why I had not stayed at Toulouse, and why I had em- 
barked on the Garonne in the mail-boat. I answered that thinking it im- 
possible to remain in Toulouse with safety because I was well known there, 
I determined to go to cities where I was not known, where I could wait 
until it should please the King to ordain some abiding measures with refer- 
ence to his subjects of the Religion called Reformed, for although it 
was forbidden by his Majesty to disturb them, nevertheless some persons 
abusedtheir power and seized the opportunity to persecute such as they 
had grudges against. That my wife could not then travel conveniently on 
horseback, because she was not fully recovered from an illness consequent 
upon her lying in, and hence I concluded to embark on the Garonne in the 
boat that runs regularly to Agen. Arrived at Agen I feared for my safety 
there, because I was known to Lt. de Romeus, a native of Castres, who 
commanded the troops quartered in the city by virtue of senior Captaincy, 

224 Letter of Jean Mascarene, [July, 

and because I saw several other officers who knew my wife and myself, and 
heard that people of the Religion had been arrested there. 

Thus 1 was compelled to embark at once on the boat for Bordeaux. "We 
were no sooner aboard, than the Lt. Chevalier de Gramond accosted me and 
asked if I did not profess the Religion called Reformed. On my replying 
that I did, he commanded my wife and myself in the King's name to follow 
him, and we obeyed. 

10. M. Barbara, the criminal judge, then asked me explicitly if it were 
not true that I had intended to depart the kingdom. I replied that I loved 
my country too well to leave it, unless forced to do so. 

11. He next asked me if I had not planned with M. Dupuy of Cara- 
man, M. de Moulens and wife, the Lt. Candier and wife, resident at Bruni- 
quet, three leagues from Montauban, and the Lt. Malabion (now at Cas- 
tres), to depart the kingdom. To this question I replied in the negative, 
and added that I did not know M. Dupuy or the Lt. Candier or his wife at 
all, and that I only knew M. de Moulens and wife by sight — that the three 
former lived at the distance of nine or ten leagues from my place of resi- 
dence, the latter at the distance of twelve or fifteen leagues. 

I acknowledged that on my arrival in Toulouse I had met the Lt. de 
Malabion, who told me that he was bound to the fair at Bordeaux with the 
horse that he was then riding (the horse belonged to the judge. M. Bar- 
bara). I was surprised afterwards to find the Lt. de Malabion on the boat, 
and asked him what he had done with his horse. 

12. The judge next asked me what was my object in going to Bordeaux. 
I replied that I went because I could not safely remain at Agen, and was 
in hopes to pass a few days there unnoticed and in quiet, at least during the 
fair, which was to begin in seven or eight days. (I intended to stop in La 
Reale or elsewhere in case I found the safety and rest that I was seeking.) 

Four of my tenants from different farms testified that I set out from my 
farm at Carrelle where I had passed the summer, but that they did not 
know whither I went. One of them said that I set out in the night with 
my wife. My testimony in that regard you will find in section 7. 

Two of the town council of Angles testified that a sergeant and twenty 
soldiers of the Conismark {query, Konigsmark) regiment, in command of a 
commissioned officer, went to my farm at Carrelle, and that one of them on 
his return to Angles said that they had not found me. See again my testi- 
mony in section 7. 

A certain Darraquy tutor in a gentleman's family testified that when I 
was asked by the gentleman with whom he lived whether I would not change 
my religion, I replied that I was convinced of the truth of my religion and 
hoped to be faithful to it all my life. I not only admitted this fact to M. 
Barbara when he confronted me with this witness, but I told him that if he 
would take the trouble to ask me the same question, I should ever make 
the same reply. 

li\ judgment rendered in the month of April, 1G8G, M. Dupuy and my- 
self were sentenced to the galleys for life, our property was confiscated and 
a fine of a thousand pounds imposed to be paid into the royal treasury. 

Later we had to appear before the Parliament of the Presidency of Tou- 
louse, and some days thereafter we were separated. M. Dupuy remained 
at the Conciergerie, while I was transferred to the prison of the Hotel de 
Ville, from which 1 write to you. 

A year after, viz. .May 7th of the present year. L687, we had a hearing at 
La Lelette, where the Councillors of the Chamber of Parliament asked me 

1881.] Letter of Jean Mascarene. 225 

some questions concerning the matters specified above, but occupied most of 
the time of the hearing in discussing affairs that have nothing to do with 
our present business. 

Although my religion passes for a crime, and I know well that but 
for my religion I should not be in my present condition, I make bold to jus- 
tify this so-called crime, and choose rather to be the criminal that I am than 
to recover all that I have lost. 

All discussion apart, I am persuaded of the truth of my religion, my con- 
science refuses what is offered me, and I have an uncontrollable aversion to 

It is my opinion that all that can bring us to embrace any religion is the 
knowledge that we have of God and of what he has done for us, the love and 
gratitude that we feel towards him, our recognition and our love of truth, 
our fear of infinite and eternal misery, and our hope of perfect and eternal 

In all my hearings I omitted mention of an affair in which my wife was 
concerned, that gave us good reason to fear seizure and maltreatment. You 
will perhaps consider its bearing upon my case important, and hence it will 
not be improper for me to digress here. 

I married Marguerite de Salavy three years ago. Four years ago a certain 
young man named Calvet gave her a blow in the public street. On account 
of this insult a warrant was issued for his arrest, and he was arrested and 
carried to the prison of La Toureaudiere, where the relatives and friends of 
the said Mile, de Salavy, now my w r ife, were obliged to stand guard over 
him, because the gaoler would not be responsible for his safe keeping by 
reason of the insecurity of the prison and his fear of the said Calvet. lie 
was tried before the proper officials at Castres, and sentenced to six years 
in the galleys. This sentence was about to be carried into execution, when 
by the decree of the Parliament, issued upon his appeal, it was commuted 
and he was sentenced to beg Mile. Salavy's pardon in her house at Castres, 
in the presence of such persons as she should choose, and was banished the 
city and faubourgs for one year. 

The father of the said Calvet was consul of Castres in 1685, when the soldiers 
came there, and as it was a time when those who had authority abused it to 
satisfy their private animosities, he boasted that the first fifty dragoons that 
entered Castres should be detailed to plunder our property and persecute us 
at our small farm at Carrel les, w T here we then were, and where our only 
shelter was one room. Picture to yourself the feelings of a woman ex- 
pecting to be confined in two or three days, on hearing such news as this. 

The same, Calvet was afterwards the cause of our quitting the place where 
my wife was brought to bed. He happened to meet on his road a man from 
the farms of Poussines, and inquired of him particularly my whereabouts, 
saying that he was one of my intimate friends and wished to know where I 
was in order to offer me his services and pass a few days with me. We 
learned that he had gone to Castres to inform his father the Consul that all 
he had to do was to send the soldiers, and that they could not fail to secure 
our persons this time as they had failed before. He had already had the 
satisfaction of seeing our property seized and made away with. 

From the data that I have given you, and from the other points that shall 
be furnished if we have time, please make up a brief, putting all other busi- 
ness aside as long as necessary for attention to this, because the Procureur 
General spoke to my Procureur, M. Manou, to-day, of bringing the case up 

VOL. XXXV. 20 

226 Letter of Jean Mascarene, [July, 

soon, and out trial may take place on Saturday next Nevertheless, we 
most take time enough to have the brief printed and to distribute it. 

[f there is need of our having :i personal interview, I beg you will come 
to Bee me here, assuring you that whatever time you employ in my behalf 
shall cot be time lost to you. If there are any expenses to be met other 
than for the trial of the case, I pray yon advise the bearer of thii letter, for 
I am resolved to use all the influence of my friends and connections, all that 
I can claim of them and all thai is left to me, to make good my defence, 
Leaving the issue to the will of God. If I must suffer, I -hall suffer more 
patiently knowing that I have not to blame myself for neglect in any re- 
spect. To my thinking it is as much a man's duty to sacrifice his possessions 
to save his life, as it is to sacrifice both life and possessions to save his soul. 

I am, Sir, 
Your very humble and very obedient servant, 

Mascarem . 

I do not remember, Sir, that there was anything said in the course of 
my trial about the Lt. Calvet referred to in the summary that I sent you 
of my case, because it never entered my head that M. Barbara could im- 
pose any penalty upon me, and I was accordingly at no great pains to jus- 
tify my actions. If, however, you think that matter of some importance, I 
can prove what I advance as follows. 

It is on record that Lt. Calvet was consul in 168G. The reasons that 
he and his son had for ill feeling towards my wife and myself are evident 
from the sentence recorded in the ordinances of Castres, which condemned 
the latter to the gallevs at the suit of Marguerite de Salavv. now my wife, 
and from the arrest of judgment upon his appeal recorded at the Chamber 
of Parliament, which changed the penalty and condemned him to ask her 
pardon, and to banishment for one year. The threats which he publicly 
made can likewise be proved. To the best of my recollection, when I sat 
in the prisoner's dock in the Chamber of Parliament on May 7th of the 
present year, 1G87, one of the judges asked a question that bore so directly 
upon this matter that I made mention of it ; but of this I cauuot be sure. 

The Sr. Barbara condemned me on the presumption that my desire to 
go to the neighborhood of Bordeaux and my embarking on the Garonne 
were due to an intention to depart the kingdom. But my journey was 
made for another reason, and was due to the persecution of a private 

What right had he to condemn me out of his imagination ? Even if his 
theory had grouud, it would be at most but putting it that I had the inten- 
tion of departing the kingdom, and I have always heard say that intentions 
are not punished in France. 

I was arrested at Agen forty or fifty leagues from the frontier, and you 
might say in the heart of the kingdom. Admitting that I had such inten- 
tion, I should have had plenty of time to change my mind, ami might rea- 
sonably have done so, knowing as I did that even since the edict vt the 
King revoking the Edict of Nantes, those who professed the Religion called 
Reformed could remain in all the cities of the kingdom without being mo- 
lested on account of their -religion, There was nothing then to fear but 
the resentment of individuals ami the malice of those who abused their 

It is clear that M. Barbara took pari against me from the fact that when 
my three neighbors were brought to confront me (1 think they were the 

1881.] Letter of Jean Mascarene. 227 

first witnesses produced), it was discovered that he had couched their depo- 
sitions in his own words according to his own fancy, instead of using the 
words of the witnesses. When he read the deposition of the first witness, 
it was worded somewhat as follows : " Such an one, shoemaker, deposes 
that Sr. Mascarene set out from his house in Castres to go to his country 
house in order not to change his religion according to the will of the King." 
The witness was much astonished and exclaimed that that was not what he 
had testified — that he had said that I set out from Castres to go into the 
country with my family, but what the business was that called me away 
he did not know, not having the gift of divination so as to be aware of what 
passed in my mind. Sr. Barbara threatened in my presence to put him in 
irons and to hang him, but the witness persisted, and declared that though 
he should hang for it he would only testify to what he knew, whereupon 
Sr. Barbara corrected the record of his testimony. 

As he had treated the depositions of the other two witnesses in the 
same way (they were then waiting in another room in the prison), under 
pretence that my presence at the correction of the testimony of the first 
witness had annoyed him, he sent me into another room before calling them 
in. The record of their testimony afterward had nothing to say as to the 
design with which I left Castres. 

The truth of what I affirm will appear from the erasures that will be 
found in the original trial papers. 

My name is Jean Mascarene. I am a native of Castres. At the time 
of my first hearing I was about twenty-six years old. I was twenty-seven 
years old the 26th day of April last. 

[The Metre is that of the Original.] 


IN 1687. 

Oh King of Kings, oh Sovereign Power divine, 
In thee alone I trust. Thine ear incline, 
Show forth in me thy all resistless might 
Before thy foes, and shame them with the sight. 

And to my heart be given 

Sustaining strength from heaven 

From thee, its very source, 

That neither trip nor fall 

Arrest my walk in all 

Yet left me of my course. 

My mid career of life they roughly stay 
And shut me from the blessed light of day, 
And fouler means ere long they may employ 
To shake my courage and my faith destroy. 

Within these gloomy walls, 

Where everything appals, 

As through the dark I peer 

No hope can 1 descry. 

Each moment to my eye 

Presents new forms of fear. 

Weakness and error are within me met 
To turn me from the path that I have set. 
Deign with thy spirit so to point the way 
That nought can tempt my feeble steps astray. 

In thought of coming bliss 

May I lose sight of this, 

228 Marriages in West Springfield, [July, 

The world, which I resign ; 
Though bound and girt with ill, 
The marty's crown be still 
Held uj) to me — be mine. 

Well Satan knows that Buch a sacrifice 
Prom out his hands must snatch the wished-for prize. 
lie bids me hence transgress my country's laws, 
And thinks to filch the justice from my cause. 

Oh, Lord, his plane confound 

And bring them all to ground. 

The blindest then shall see 

How thy pure, holy word 

Doth suffer wrong in me. 

Thee have I followed, thee would follow still, 
To live without thee have nor strength nor will. 
Behold thy creature's cheerful offering, 
Peace, liberty and life, my all I bring. 

1 know that but thy nod 

Thy power bounds, Oh God, 

And that thy providence, 

Though all mankind oppose, 

Can shield me from my foes, 

Secure me from offence. 

But though thy hand rend not this massy wall. 
Nor ope these doors, nor draw these bolts, but fall 
On me, and but strike off these galling chains 
To give in death release from all my pains, 

Yet let me not repine, 

Assist my strength with thine, 

Grant steadfast faith and bold, 

My trembling hope to stay, 

And on the awful day 

My constancy uphold. 


Contributed by Lyman H. Bagg, A.M., of New York, N. Y. 
[Continued from toI. xxxi. page 2S4.] 

Noadiah Smith & Tirzah Taylor both of West Springfield were joined 
in Marriage 27 th May 17*7. 

Azahel Colton of Longmeadow & Sarah Lankton of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage June 5, 1787. 

Stephen Bliss Junior of Wilbraham and Clara Leonard of West Spring- 
field were joined in Marriage June y* 7 th 17n7. 

Solomon Lee of Westfield and Anna Lamb of West Springfield were 
joined in Marriage 21 June 17S7. 

The foregoing return of Marriages was made by Mr. Sylvanus Gris- 


The Intention of Marriage between Mr. John Lanckton and Mrs. Agnei 

Smith both of West Springfield was entered June 80 th and published July 
I, L787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Stephen Olda & Rachel Church 

both of West Springfield was entered 80 th June and published July 1. L787. 

1881."] Marriages in West Springfield, 229 

The Intention of Marriage between Doct r Seth Lathrop of West Spring- 
field & Miss Anna Abbott of Ellington was entered July 5 th & published 

The Intention of Marriage between Israel Lanckton of West Springfield 
and Elizabeth Bacon of Suffield was entered Aug. 3 d and published the 4. 

The Intention of Marriage between Benjamin Lilie of Suffield & Anna 
Phillips of West Springfield was entered August 4 th and published y e same 
Day 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Calvin Steward of Blandford and 
Eleanor Taylor of West Springfield was entered September 1 st , 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Charles McKinstry & Elizabeth 
Taylor both of West Springfield was entered and published Septem 1 " lG th 

The Intention of Marriage between James Rising Junior of West Suf- 
field and Sena King of West Springfield was entered September the 13 th 
1787 & y e 16 th of the same Month published. 

The Intention of Marriage between Thomas Taylor & Clarissa Bagg 
both of West Springfield was entered Septem r 15 th & published the 16 th 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Joseph Rice of Granby in Con- 
necticut & Miss Abigail Smith of West Springfield was entered & publish- 
ed September 28 th 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Daniel Babcock of Middlefield & 
Jerusha Taylor of West Springfield was entered Septem 1- 5 th . 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Raneford Rogers of Morristown 
in New Jersey and Belinda Flower of West Springfield was entered Octo- 
ber the 13 th & published y c 14. 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Abner Miller of West Spring- 
field and Miss Lois Edwards of Northampton was entered and published 
Octo r y e 29 th 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Isaac Morley and Elizabeth Stock- 
well both of West Springfield was entered Nov r 10. & published the 11 th 

The Intention of Marriage between Eli Ball and Lucy Worthington 
both of West Springfield was entered November 22 d & published y e 25. 

The Intention of Marriage between Abraham Ripley & Phebe Bliss both 
of West Springfield was entered November 22 d & published y e 25 th 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between William Alley and Martha Bagg 
both of West Springfield was eutered Nov 1- 30 th & published December 2 d 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Seth Adams and Miss Lydia 
Taylor both of West Springfield was entered Dec r 1. and published y e 2 d 

The Intention of Marriage between Capt. John Williston and Mrs. Sarah 
Horsford both of West Springfield was entered Dec 1- 1. and published y e 
2 d 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Charles Ball Jun r and Merah Miller 
both of West Springfield was entered December 5 th & published y e 10 th 

The Intention of Marriage between Elisha Fowler of West Springfield 

vol. xxxv. 20* 

230 Marriages in West Springfield, [July, 

and Olive Woodward of* Worthington was entered Dec r 8 th and published 
the 16 th 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Isaac Bearde & Sarah Pepper 
both of West Springfield was entered and published Jan. 3 d 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Abner Ferre of Little Hoosuck & 
Tirzah Chapin of West Springfield was entered Jan y 3 d & published the 
6 th 17-ss. 

The Intention of Marriage between Aaron Bush of Westfield and Mar- 
tha Judd of West Springfield was entered Jan y 10 th and published the 13 th 
1788. [M. Feb. 4.] 

The Intention of Marriage between Simon Brooks of West Springfield 
and Hannah Owen of Southampton was entered January 18th and pub- 
lished the 20 th 1788. 

Return of Mr. Lathrop. 

Ithamar Jones & Thankfull Day were joined in Marriage February 21, 

Heindrick Wilner of Springfield and Mary Hay ward of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage March 22, 1787. 

Stephen Day and Sophia Bagg both of West Springfield were joined in 
Marriage July 12, 1787. 

Luke Parsons Jun r & Esther Jones both of West Springfield were join- 
ed in Marriage Sept. 27, 1787. 

Thomas Taylor & Clarissa Bagg both of West Springfield were joined 
in Marriage Nov r 1, 1787. 

Calvin Steward of Blandford and Eleanor Taylor of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage JNov r 8 th 1787. 

Daniel Babcock of Middlefield and Jerusha Taylor of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage Decem r 4, 1787. 

William Alley and Martha Bagg both of West Springfield were joined 
in Marriage December 17 th 1787. 

Cap n Jn° Williston & Mrs. Sarah Horsford both of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage December 20, 1787. 

Charles Ball junior & Merab Miller both of West Springfield were join- 
ed in Marriage Feb y 4, 1788. 

Silence Day Daughter of Eli Day and Lydia Day was born January the 
first 1787. 

The Intention of Marriage between David Remington of West Spring- 
field and Lovisa Hockum of Westfield was entered February the 9 th and 
published the same Day 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Justin Day of Essex a Town in the 
State of Vermont and Rhoda Day of West Springfield was entered Feby. 
9 th and published the same Day. 

The Intention of Marriage between Cap" [Preserved?] Leonard of West 
Springfield and Mrs. Mary Ilarrad (I suppose Harwood) of Westford was 
entered March 1 st and published y°2 d 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between lleinan Worthington & Martha 
Barber both of West Springfield was entered March the first & published 
the •-" 1788. 

The [ntention of Marriage between Frederick Palmer & Abigail M c In- 
tier both of West Springfield was entered March 9 th & published the 10 th 

The Intention of Marriage between Grove Barker and Persis Miller 
both of West Springfield was entered March 15 th and published. 

1881.] Marriages in West Springfield. 231 

The Intention of Marriage between Jeremiah Carrier Junior of West 
Springfield and Sarah Ball of Northampton was entered March 18 th and 
published the 2.3, 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Jonathan Church of Springfield & 
Theodosia Morley of West Springfield was entered April 5 th & published 
tli« sixth 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Julius Appleton and Delight Mor- 
gan both of West Springfield was entered April 19 th & published the 20 th 

The Intention of Marriage between Charles Hart & Margaret Cooper 
both of West Springfield was entered April 25 th & published the 26 th 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Daniel Day & Ali Granger both of 
Wt. Springfield was entered May 3. & published y e 4 th 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Thomas Bagg of West Spring- 
field & Eunice Sackett of Westfield was entered May the 10 th & published 
the 11 th 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Henry Rogers Jun r and Rebekah 
Day both of West Springfield was entered May 17, and published the 18, 

Daniel Ashley son of Lt. Benj. a Ashley & Mrs. Ruth Ashley was born 
May 12 th 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between n Billings of Conway and Caro- 
lina Adams of West Springfield was entered July — & published the 20 th 

The Intention of Marriage between Dudly Lamb of West Springfield and 
Bhoda Lee of Westfield was entered and published the 25 th October 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Perez Mirrick and Hannah Williston 
both of West Springfield was entered September 20 th & published the 21. 

I do hereby certify that on the 23d Day of Sept r 1788 David Smith & 

Clarissa Day both of South Iladley were joined in lawful Marriage by me. 

Attest Justin Ely Justice of the Peace West Springfield April, 1789. 

The Intention of Marriage between of West Springfield & Sarah 

Weller of Westfield was entered Nov r 22 d & published y e 23 d 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Cap" Joseph Day of West Spring- 
field & Mrs. Lois Lyman of Northampton was entered Nov r 21. & publish- 
ed the 23. 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Anson Williston of Springfield & 
Chloe Nelson of West Springfield was entered y e 20 th Novem r & published 
y e 23 d 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Daniel Ely and Joanna Day both of 
West Springfield was entered October 4 th and published the 5 th 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between Elijah Rogers and Lucy Smith both 
of West Springfield was entered the 28 th November & published y e 30 th 

The Intention of Marriage between Israel Williston jun r & Sophia Day 
both of West Springfield was entered the 29 th November & published the 
'30 th 1788. 

The Intention of Marriage between John Lee of West Springfield & 
Hannah Ward of Blandford was entered January the 23 d and published 
the 25 th 1789. 

The Intention of Marriage between Charles Leonard and Mercy Rem- 
ington both of West Springfield was entered February 7 th & published the 
8 th 1789. 

232 Maj. Robert Pike's Land in Salisbury. [July* 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Sylvan us Collins Griswold of 
Suffield and Miss Elizabeth Pheland of West Springfield was entered 
March 7 th 1789 & published the 8 th next following. 

William Mumford & Lucy Horton both of AVest Springfield the Inten- 
tion of Marriage between them was entered .March 21 st & published y e 22 d 

The Intention of Marriage between Justin Leonard and Theodosia Leon- 
ard both of West Springfield was entered March 28 th & published the 
29 th 1789. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ezekiel Kent & Desirable Allen 
both of West Springfield was entered September the 2G th & published the 
27 th 1789. 

The following persons were married on the Day of the Date affixed to 
their respective names. 

Justin Day of Essex in Vermont and Rhoda Day of West Springfield, 
Feb y 16, 1788. 

Simon Brooks of West Springfield and Hannah Owen of Southampton 
Feb y 21, 1788. 

Abner Ferry of Little Hoosuck and Tirzah Chapin of West Springfield 
March 3, 1788. 

Grove Barker & Persis Miller both of West Springfield April 3, 1788. 

Daniel Day & Abi Granger both of West Springfield, May 18, 1788. 

Henry Rogers Jun r and Rebecca Day both of West Springfield June 
12, 1788. 

Perez Mirick and Hannah Williston of West Springfield Sept. 30. 1788. 

Daniel Ely and Joanna Day both of West Springfield Octo r 15. 1788. 

William Brewster & Sarah Williston both of West Springfield Nov' 20, 

Israel Williston Jun r & Sophia Day both of West Springfield Decern" 17, 

Elijah Rogers & Lucy Smith both of West Springfield Dec r 25, 1788. 

Charles Hart & Margaret Cooper both of West Springfield March 12, 
1789. By me J. Lathrop. 

[To be continued.] 


Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

THE Deposition of Richard Smith aged 53 y rB or upwards & John Pres- 
see aged 55 y™ is as frblloweth 
Namely that in or about the y r 1G50 or 51. we these deponants did arive 
heere in this Country: & Towne of Salsbury w th o r mast' Maj 1 Robert Pike 
w th whome we y 1 yeare came from England ; & dwelt w th him many years 
alter not less than 10 or 12 concerned in it and about his affaires & busi- 
ness, & in all y l time nor since till of late did we ever heare it Questioned 
about the lllatts & meadow below m r Hooks by merrimack River between 
Mundays (reek & Hogg house creeke but y* it was alwayes called the ma- 
jors & no bodyes elce & it was by him & his order used ooenpyed possessed 

& peceably & quietly enjoyed w th out any disturbance that e\er we Baw or 
heard of we farther say that when we came into the Country ther was a 

1881.] Thomas Sharp's Letter from England, 1632. 233 

good rayle fence that did fence y* meadow & some upland of the majors 
that was next it into a pasture were he made use of both for ffeeding & 
mowing as it was capable or as he saw occasion it was fed by milch cows 
oxen & other cattell of his & by e his order w u, out controle or Question we 
farther Tesify that the bounds of the pasture as then bounded was merri- 
mack River in p l southerly mundays creek esterly & land called Blasdells, 
Rings & morrells or neer to it westerly & the fence went downe upon the 
northward side next the upland of John Rolfe & others & so came east- 
ward to the head of the s d mundays creeke where it stood many years after 
we came. 

We do farther Testify that much of it toward Merrimack River & mun- 
days creeke was then such as was of litle value for either mowing or feed- 
ing not capable of yeilding benefitt for severall years tho now far other 
wise We farther testify that the cows were milked in the fore mentioned 
pasture both evening & morning by Sarah Browne then servant in the 
house with us. 

They farther add that during theyr service & aboad w th majr Pike they 
had good occation & reason to observe & they never knew that any p r son 
made any use of the s d flatts but by maj r Pikes order or leave & that they 
know that this is the laud at present in controv r sy between Maj r Pike & 
Samuel weed. 

Sworne by both in Court at Newbury Sep* 27 th 1G93. 

p Stepii Sewall Cler. 
Copia vera Examined. 

Stephen Sewall Cler. 

[Endorsed:] Smith & Presse (No: 21) 


Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

rpHOMAS SHARP was one of the eighteen Assistants of the 
JL Massachusetts Company, who were chosen to that office, Oct. 
20, 1629. Among them were Sir Richard Saltonstall, Mr. Isaac 
Johnson, Mr. John Endecott, Mr. John Humfry, which four gen- 
tlemen, with Mr. John Winthrop, were the same day put in nom- 
ination for the important position of Governor of the Company, 
preparatory to the government being transferred to New England. 
The Court " having received extraordinary great commendacons " 
of Mr. Winthrop, " both for his integritie and sufficiencie, as being 
one every way well fitted and accomplished for the place of Governor," 
did with a general vote and a full consent, " by errecon of hands," 
choose him the Governor of said Company for " the ensuing year, to 
begin on this present day." Mr. Sharp was probably a passenger 
in the fleet with Gov. Winthrop. Two days after the formation at 
Charlestown of what is now the first church in Boston, he, with four 
others, joined it. This was on the first of August, 1630. Soon 
after, he was visited with a severe domestic affliction, which is thus 

234 Thomas Sharp's Letter from England, 1632. [July, 

related by Gov. Dudley, in his Letter to the Countess of Lincoln, 
written nine months after the arrival of the emigrants in the Bay. 
"Vpon the third of January," 1630-31, "dved the daughter of 
Mr. Sharpe, a godly virginne making a comfortable end, after a 
long sicknes. The plantation here received not the like loss of 
any woman since we came hether and therefore shee well deserves 
to be remembred in this place." A few weeks subsequently ano- 
ther calamity befell Mr. Sharp. On the 16th of March, w about 
noon," according to Gov. Winthrop (see his Journal, i. 48), 
"the chimney of Mr. Sharp's house in Boston took fire, (the splin- 
ters being not clayed at the top) and taking the thatch burnt it 
down, and the wind being N. W. drove the fire to Mr Colburn's 
house, being [blank] rods off, and burnt that down also, yet they 
saved most of their goods." Gov. Dudley has it, that the accident 
occurred on the 17th, and adds, " both whose howses, which were 
as good, and as well furnished as the most in the plantacon were in 
2 houres space burned to the ground together with much of their 
household stuff, apparell and other thinges as allsoe some goods of 
others who soiourned w th them in their howses." "For the preven- 
tion whereof," he continues, "in our new towne intended this somer 
to bee builded, wee have ordered that noe man there shall build his 
chimney with wood, nor cover his house with thatch, which was 
readily assented vnto, for that divers other howses have been burned 
since our arrivall (the fire allwaies beginninge in the woodden 

Later in his letter, Dudley writes, rf The shipp now waites but 
for wind, which when it blowes there are ready to go aboard therein 
for England Sr. Richard Saltonstall, Mr Sharpe, Mr Coddington 
and many others, the most whereof purpose to returne to vs againe, 
if God will." Mr. Coddington, and also the Rev. John Wilson 
who was one of the passengers in that vessel, returned, but Salton- 
stall and Sharp came not again. The ship set sail from Salem, on 
her outward voyage, April 1st, and arrived safely at London on the 
29th of the same month. 

Whether Mr. Sharp, on his return to England, took up his abode 
in Groton, the native place of Gov. Winthrop, we cannot tell, as 
his address is not given in the letter which follows. The inference 
is, that it was there or in its immediate neighborhood. 

Worthy S r 

if this Missiue safely arryve att Wynthropia, itt wyll fall vpon :i for- 
tune thatt I wyll nott envye ; and yett shall I have an happinesse thatt I 
much desire ; for then wyll ytt, faithfully present yow ami yo r aelfe w th 
mync harty Salutations, some happy occurrences have acquainted mee \v th 
yo r well-being, and I should rejoyoe, to bee certayne of yo* Bafe-being. for 
my (cares conclude the Salvages dilligent to Bute an opportunytye t<> their 
Nature-. I am as sorry to hcare, many reportea blemyshe the hopes 
of yo r plantation, as I am pleasd to bee wytnesse, of BeveraU desires to place 

1881.] Letters of Nicholas Moorey of Freetown. 235 

yo w at Grotton ; and had I the casting vote, yo w should bee there againe, 
w th out being seae sicke ; did I suppose, yow would ether bee served here, or 
would bee served by mee, yo w should have a warrant Dormant, vnder myne 
hand and seale to command mee, butt in regard that the first stand out of 
all probabyllytie, ceremonious offers shall nott crowd into this manuscript. 
I doubt nott, but thatt yo w sing the Songes of Syon in a strange land, and 
thatt yo w have brought forth thatt Peace, yo w travaild w th , w ch I wyshe 
multyplyed to yo w , to the height of all comforte ; lett o r mutuall prayers 
meete at the throne of grace ; and so in confidence thatt no Gulphe shall 
part vs, when wee must departe, I wyll rest, tyll my long Rest 



* h*M 

March the G th 

[Superscribed :] To my worthy and much respected frend m r John Win- 
thrope the Elder in new England 

whome God preserve 


Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

Freetown Decern 1 ": 7 th : 1719. 
Couzen Moorey 

I Had A Letter from you in the Sumer past And I Gaue you An 
Answer forthwith w ch : I hope you Rec d : w ch Might Be som e satisfac": you 
Are often in my thoughts I am Not for Wrighting a Long CataLogue But 
Hope with All Conueniencie Hopeing to see you & yours But Trust & Hope 
you Will Take All your Steps In the fear of the Almighty God As Know- 
ing In & through Jesus Christ is our Alone Saluation : wh n Attained is our 
onely Interest So Hopeing in your Station you Will Be Stedy & other 

236 Long-meadow Families, [July, 

things will Be Acled as y e Promise w ch : is our only Dependance : I am in 
Hast now I would Not Haue you spare Wrighting I shall Not I shall En- 
Large Wh n opportunty presents M 8 Coram : wife of Cap 1 Tom": Coram 
Was Aquainted With me in New England some years past: Who Was of 
a Good Hon™ 1 : family I Take My Leaue Remaining yours In Afection & 
Loue also to yours. ' Nicii 8 Moorey. 

[Superscribed :] To | M r Jn° Moorey In | London Liueing Near | 
Algate. Bricklayer. 

P r M r Jn° Milner. 

freetown October: 15 th : 1722. 
Couzen John Moorey : 

After Real Loue And Affection to you & yours at this time I am at 
Boston With y r Brother alias Couzen Thomas Smith Who Hath Been so 
Kind as to Uizet me And My Wife to Acceptance And Blesed Be God We 
Are Reasonable Well I Haue Giuen your Brother Alias Couzen Smith A 
Memorandum of My Will : & the Import thereof Which He Will Exhibit 
to you But if God spare My Life & Health I Will Come to England the 
first opportunity & se you & yours and Hope We shall Accommodate Mat- 
ers to your & Cozen Smiths satisfaction I Write to you in Short My Cou- 
zen Smith Giueth A Candid account of you And yours I Take my Leue 
Subscribeing your Affectionate Uncle Nich 8 : Moorey: 

answ d y e 13 th Ap 1 1723 
[Superscribed:] A Letter from | Nicho 8 Moorey of New England | to Jn° 
Moorey Dated 15 octo r . 1722. 


Communicated by Willard S. Allen, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from page 163.] 

1st Generation. Nathaniel Ely appears to have been one of the early 
settlers of the town of Springfield. He is said to have come from England 

and first to have settled in the town of in the southwestern part of 

Connecticut, and from thence to have removed to Springfield. The time 
of his death as recorded is Dec. 25, 1675. The widow Martha Ely died 
Oct. 23, 1683, supposed to have been his widow. The only child of 
Nathaniel at present known of, was Samuel, probably born before they 
came to Springfield. It further appears from records that Ruth Ely. pro- 
bably daughter of Nathaniel, was married to Jeremy Horton Oct. 3, 1661, 
and had one son Nathaniel Horton who settled in Enfield or Somers. He 
was born June 29, 16<;2. Ruth the mother died Oct. 12. 1 (■>('»•_>. 

2d Generation. Samuel Ely, son of Nathaniel and Martha, as is sup- 
posed, was married to Mary Day the 28th day of the 8th mouth, L6?9. 
Their children as recorded were— Samuel, born 1 day 1 month, L662, died 
22 day 1 mouth, L662. Joseph, born Aug. 2, L663. Samuel, born Nov. 
4, 1664, died Feb. 18, 1665. Mary, born March 29, 1« ;,; 7. died April L9, 
L667. Samuel, born May 9, L668. Nathaniel, born Jan. 18, 16,0. died 
March L6, L671. Jonathan, born July 1, 1672, died July 10, 1672. Na- 

1881.] Longmeadow Families. 237 

thaniel, born Aug. 25, 1674, died May, 1080. Jonathan, born Jan. 24, 
L676, died Feb. 27, 1670. Martha, born Oct. 28, 1G77, died Nov. 25, 
1677. John, born Jan. 18, 1G79. Mary, born June 20, 1081, died Dec. 

21, 1G81. Jonathan, born Jan. 21, 1683, died July 27, 175:5. .Mary, born 
Feb. 29, 1085. Ruth, born 1088. Samuel Ely the father died March 
17, 1G92. Joseph, Samuel and John had families and settled in West 
Springfield. Jonathan settled in Longmeadow. Mary the widow was 
married April 12, 1094, to Thomas Stebbins, son of Thomas and Hannah 
Stebbins, he dying Dec. 7, 1095. She, the widow Mary Stebbins, was 
married Dec. 1G, 1G9G, to John Coleman. 

3rd Generation. Joseph Ely, son of Samuel and Mary, married Mary 

. Their children — Joseph, born April 9, 1686. Mary, born Julv 25, 

1689. Martha, born July 16, 1691. Nathaniel, born Oct. 21, 1694 
Ruth, born Oct. 20, 1097. John, born March 17, 1701. Sarah, born Jan. 
8, 1704. John, born Juno 19, 1706. 

[Page 123.] 3rd Generation. Samuel Ely, son of Samuel and Mary, 
was married to Martha Bliss, daughter of Samuel Bliss, Sen., and Mary 
his wife. (Their children.) They if ere married Nov. 10, 1097. Martha, 
born Dec. 21, 1G98. Mary, born Feb. 14, 1700. Samuel, born Sept. 21, 
1701. Martha the mother died July 6, 1702. Samuel the father was mar- 
ried again, Dec. 7, 1704, to Sarah Bodortha. Their children — Sarah, born 
Aug. 30, 1705, died Jan. 5, 1789. Nathaniel, born Sept. 22, 170G. Jo- 
seph, born Oct. 4, 1709. Tryphene, born April 7, 1712. Levi, born Feb. 
12, 1715. Mary, April 5, 1717. 

3rd Generation. John Ely, son of Samuel and Mary Ely, was mar- 
ried Dec. 30, 1703, to Mercy Bliss, daughter of Samuel. Sen., and Mary 
Bliss. Their children — Abel, born Nov. 18, 1700. John, born Dec. 3, 
1707, died May 22. 1754. Reuben, born Jan. 12, 1710. Abner, born 
Sept. 20, 1711. Mercy, born Jan. 22, 1713. Caleb, born Nov. 25, 171 1. 
Rachel, born Nov. 11, 1710. Noah, born July 4. 1721. 

[Page 124.] 3rd Generation. Dea. Jonathan Ely, son of Samuel and 
Mary, was married to Lydia Hurt, daughter- of Jonathan and Lydia Unit, 
March 1G, 1709. Their children — Lydia, born May 25, 1710, died Jan. 
2, 1745. Elizabeth, born Nov. 30, 1711, died Oct, 10, 1808. Jonathan, 
born July 24, 1714, died Dec. 29, 1812. Nathaniel, born Sept. 1, 1716, 
died Dec. 26, 1799. Mary, born Sept. 14. 1719, died Nov. 24, 1797. 
Lydia was married to Jonathan Hale, Dec. 29, 1736. Elizabeth was mar- 
ried to Jonathan Ferry, published April 7, 1739. Mary married Deacon 
Aaron Colton, Nov. 27, 1746. Dea. Jonathan Ely the father died July 27, 
1753. Lydia the mother Dec. 14, 1707. 

4th Generation. John Ely, son of John and Mercy, was married Nov. 
15, 1733, to Eunice Colton, daughter of John and Joanna Colton. Their 
children — John, born April 6, 1735. Eunice, born Jan. 19, 1737, died 
Aug. 27, 1738. Justin, born Aug. 10, 1739. Eunice, born Aug. 31, 1741. 
Heman, born Jan. 8, 1744, died May 9, 1754. Rhoda, born May 12, 1746, 
died March 5, 1786. Amelia, born Dec. 26, 1750, died April 28, 1786. 
Eunice married the Hon. Roger Newberry, of Windsor. Rhoda married 
the Rev. George Colton, of Bolton, Oct. 7, 1766. Amelia married Dr. 
Jeremiah West, of Tolland, Feb. 8, 1781. John the father died May 

22, 1754. Eunice the mother was married again June 19, 1759, to Roger 
Wolcott, Esq., of East Windsor. After his death she was married again 
April 8, 1761, to Joel White, Esq., of Bolton, and died March 30, 1778. 
This family lived in W. Springfield. 

VOL. XXXV. 21 

238 Longmeadow Families* [July* 

4th Generation. Jonathan Ely, of Wilbraham, son of Dea. Jonathan 
and Lydia, of Longmeadow, was married to Esther Chapin, daughter of 
Henry and Esther Chapin, date of their publishment Oct. 18, 1740. Their 
children — Jonathan, born Sept. 14, 1741. Lydia, born March 22, 1744. 

Esther, born . Jonathan, born Oct. 1, 1746. Mercy, born Sept. 7, 

1748. Lydia, born April 11, 1751. Juda, born June 24, 1753. Henry, 

born May 15, 1755. Elizabeth, born . Jonathan Ely the father died 

Dec. 29, 1812. 

[Page 125.] 4th Generation. Dea. Nathaniel Ely, son of Dea. Jona- 
than Ely and Lydia his wife, was married Dec. 7, 1745, to Mary Esta- 
brook, daughter of the Rev. Samuel Estabrook, of Canterbury, Conn., and 
Rebecca his wife. Their children — Sarah, born Oct. 31, 1746, died Aug. 
4, 1750. Lydia, born June 2, 1748, died Feb. 19, 1781. Mary, born 
April 7, 1750, died Aug. 19, 1750. Nathaniel, born May 31, 1751, died 
June 18, 1808. Samuel, born June 28, 1753, died Nov. 22, 1774. Sarah, 
born Aug. 12, 1755, died Dec. 12, 1777. Ethan, born Oct. 15, 1757, died 
May 30, 1758. Mary the mother died January 13, 1759, aged 41 years. 
Dea. Ely the father was married again April 9, 1761, to Abigail Col ton, 
daughter of William and Mary Colton. Their children — Abigail, born 
Jan. 7, 1762. Ethan, born Feb. 13, 1764, died May 13, 18487 aged 84. 
William, born Aug. 14, 1765. Abigail the mother died December 22, 
1770, in her 46th year. Dea. Ely was married again, April 3, 1777, to Beu- 
lah Colton, daughter of Capt. Isaac Colton. She died April 24, 1786. 
Dea. Ely was married again, Nov. 15, 1787, to Martha Raynolds the widow 
of Dr. Samuel Raynolds, Esq., and daughter of the Rev. Stephen Wil- 
liams, D.D., and Abigail his wife. She died Feb. 18, 1825, age 92. Dea. 
Ely the father died Dec. 26, 1799, in his 84th year. Lydia married David 
White, of Longmeadow, Jan. 30, 1777. Samuel was educated at Yale 
College, graduated A.D. 1772, and died in a single state. Abigail mar- 
ried Elihu Colton, Dec. 6, 1787. William was educated at Yale College, 
graduated A.D. 1787, settled at Springfield in practice of law. 

[Page 126.] 5th Generation. Dea. Nathaniel Ely, son of Dea. Na- 
thaniel Ely and Mary his wife, was married Feb. 16, 1786, to Elizabeth 
Raynolds, daughter of Dr. Samuel Raynolds, Esq., of Somers, and Martha 
his wife. Their children— Mary, born Feb. 4, 1787, died Dec. 15, 1842. 
Samuel, born Aug. 5, 1789, died May 14, 1797. Elizabeth, born Nov. 7, 
1790. Beulah, born April 24, 1792, died Dec. 1838. Martha, born Dec. 
15, 1795. Dea. Nathaniel Ely the father died June 18, 1808. Mary the 
daughter was married Jan. 14, 1812, to Capt. David Mack. Beulah was 
married Dec. 10, 1811, to Timothy Goodwin, of Symsbury. 

5th Generation. Capt. Ethan Ely, son of Dea. Nathaniel Ely and Abi- 
gail his second wife, was married Jan. 6, 1791, to Hannah Burt, the daugh- 
ter of Jonathan and Hannah Burt. She died Dec. 24, 1829, age QQ. 
Their children— Ethan, born Nov. 24, 1791. Hannah, born Feb. 8, 1793. 
Abigail, born Dec. 20, 1794, died April 26, 1826. Sarah, born Sept. 8, 
1796. Jonathan, born June 10, 1798, died June 8, 1847. Hannah the 
mother died December 24, 1829. Ethan Ely died May 13, 1848, aged 84 

Ethan Ely, son of Ethan and Hannah Ely, was married October 13, 
1831, to Ann Cooley, daughter of Seth and Ann Cooley his wife. Ann, 
the wife of Ethan Ely, was born May 14, 1806, died May 26, 1835. 
Ethan Cooley, son of Ethan and Ann Ely, was born May 17, 1835. 

Ethan C. Ely, son of Ethan and Ann Ely his wife, was married Sept. 

1881.] Longmeadow Families. 239 

1, 1857, to Charity Rush, daughter of Levi Rush, of West field, born Aug. 

14, 1886. Their children— Mason Warren, horn Sept. 26, 1858. Ethan 
Cooley, born Oct. 3, 1801, died Aug. 6, 1862. [ Vacant to page 128.] 

Hervy Ellis, son of Lieut. Ellis, formerly of Stafford but last of 

Hon son, was married Jan. 8, 1802, to Jerusha Spencer, daughter of Israel 
and Ruth Spencer (seepage 195). Their children — Hervy, born Aug. 4, 
1802. Jerusha, born Aug. 4, 1805. Jerusha Ellis died Oct. 5, 1834, age 
55. Hervy the father died Nov. 3, 181<». 

Edmund Evarts, of Longmeadow, son of Benjamin and Abigail Evarts, 
of Gilford, Conn., was bom Aug. 22, 1771, was married Oct. 9, 1796, to 
Annis Booth, daughter of Joseph and Mary Booth, of Enfield. Their 
children — Mary, born Nov. 4, 1799, died Feb. 17. 1875. Nancy, bom 
July 31, 1801, died April 4, 1825. Joseph, bom June 18, 1804, died Nov. 
1, 1874. Nancy was married Dee. 30, 1828, to Jacob Colton, born " 
10,171)9. Edmund Evarts died April 22, L 849, age 77. Annis Evarts 
died Jan. 18 17, age 80. 

[P«f/e 129.] Thomas Field, son of Samuel and Sarah Field, of Hatfield, 
was married (Jet. 21, 171-'}, to Abigail Dickinson, of Springfield, daughter 
of Ilezekiah and Abigail P». Dickinson, born Dec 8, L692, died June 20, 
1775, aged 88. Their children — Abigail, bora Oct. 5, 1714, died Aug. 8, 
1777, age 63 years. Samuel, bom May L0, L718, died Aug. 10, 1721. 
Moses, bora Feb. 16, 1722, died March 7, 1815. Samuel, born Oct. 10, 
172o. Sarah, born Nov. 28, 1728, died April 19, 177:;. Simeon, born 
April 25, L781, died Jan. 7, 1801. Thomas Field the father at first set- 
tled in Hatfield, where his children were horn, except Simeon, who was 

born in Longmeadow. He died Feb. 1. 17 17. age 66 years. Abigail was 
married Nov. 14, 1754, to Abie! Abbot, of Windsor, and died without 
issue in Longmeadow. Samuel was educated at Yale College, graduated 
1745, and settled in Seabrook, Ct.. in the practice of physicks. Simeon 
settled at Enfield in the practice of physick. 

Capt. Moses Field, son of Thomas and Abigail Field, was married Sept 

15, 1748, to Rebecca Cooley, the daughter of Jonathan and Johanna 
Cooley. Their children — Rebecca, born Nov. 29, 1748, died December 
26, 1836. Elijah, born December 23, 1750, died December 31, 1767. 

Oliver, born Nov. 15, L752, died Jan. 15, 1801. Moses, born Feb. 9, L755, 

died Jan. 14, 1831. Diademia, born Oct. 9, 175 ; . Aaron, born June 24, 
1759, died Aug. 30, 17G0. Aaron, born June 2 1. 1761. Alexander, born 
Feb. 5, 1764, died June 8,1831. Sarah, born Feb. 21. 1766, died July 
12, 1777. Naomy, born May 22, died July 31, 1777. Rebecca was mar- 
ried to Azariah Wool worth, Nov. 25, 1773. Oliver was married to Ann 
Cooley, daughter of Caleb and Mary Cooley. Nov. 1, 1773. Moses mar- 
ried Lydia Champion, daughter of Dr. Reuben Champion and Lydia his 
wife, of West Springfield, Nov. 23, 1780. Diademia married Stephen 
Williams, March 4, 1788; he leaving her, she married again to Jacob 
Kibbe, of Monson, June 25, 1793, and died in that town. Aaron studied 
physic, married Flavia Burt, daughter of Capt David Burt, Feb. 10, 1784. 
They settled at Richmond, and had one child Sophia, born Dec. 24, 1784. 
He went to the southern states and died. She died at Longmeadow. 
Alexander married Flavia Colton, daughter of Samuel and Lucy Colton, 
Oct. 11, 1787. Rebecca the mother died Feb. 24, 1783. Capt. Moses 
Field married again, Nov. 1, 1783, to Lydia Champion, widow of Dr. Reu- 
ben Champion, of West Springfield, and she died May 1, 1809. He died 
March 7, 1815. Alexander died July 8, 1831. 

[To be continued.] 

240 The Harrison Family. [July, 


JOHN A. MCALLISTER, Esq., of Philadelphia, Pa., has sent 
us a copy of Poulsons American Daily Advertiser, Phila- 
delphia, September 26, 1822, containing the article which we copy 
below. Sabine, in his "Loyalists of the American Revolution," 
.520, gives this account of Joseph Harrison, the father of Miss 
Harrison, of Hull, England : 

lK Harhisox, Joseph. Collector of the Customs at Boston in 
1768, and after the seizure of Hancock's sloop in that year, was 
roughly treated by the mob, and pelted with stones. The windows 
of his house, which was adjacent to the Common, were also broken, 
and a large pleasure-boat belonging to him was dragged through 
the streets and burned near his residence, amidst loud shouts and 
huzzas. Peter Harrison was Collector of the port of New Haven, 
Connecticut, and died before June, 1775. The subject of this no- 
tice was in England, in 1777, with his wife and daughter." 

York Assizes, July 30. — Before Lord Chief Justice Abbott. 
Doe, Dem. Thomas, v. Acklam. 

This was a ease of tedious pedigree, to prove, that an American lady, 
Mrs. Thomas, was heiress-at-law to Miss Harrison, who died at Hull, iu 
1818, and left considerable property, without any testamentary disposition. 
Mr. Sergeant Ilullock stated the case, which he afterwards proved. Joseph 
Harrison had gone from York to America, and been comptroller of the cus- 
toms at Boston in 1775. Peter Harrison, his youngest brother, followed 
him to America, where he died, leaving four children, who all died without 
issue, except Elizabeth, who married Mr. James Ludlow, of which mar- 
riage Mrs. Thomas was the only surviving child. Miss Harrison, whose 
property was now in question, had been the daughter of Joseph Harrison, 
and none of the family or their descendants being now alive but Mrs. Tho- 
mas, she was clearly heiress-at-law. 

Captain Acklam, Colonel Le Blanc, T. "W. Ludlow, Counsellor at Law 
of New York, Miss Brentham, daughter of Admiral Breutham, were 

Mr. Sergeant Ilullock then handed a miniature picture of Mary Fran- 
ces Ludlow (Mrs. Thomas) when a child, which had been in the possession 
of Miss Harrison, observing, " My Lord, I put in the lady herself." 

The barristers looked very curiously at this picture. 

The Lord Chief Justice 1 said. " The lady is married, gentlemen." 

Mr. Scarlett admitted that the only point on which he could found an 
objection was the lady's being an alien. 

The Lord Chief Justice directed the jury to find a verdict for the plain- 
till', subject to the opinion of the Court as to the aliency. It was surprising 
to find a case so clearly made out at such a distance of time and place. 

1881.] Rev, John Eliot 's Record of Church Members. 241 



Transcribed by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 
[Continued from page 24.] 

m" 8 raary Dumer, the wife of m r Richard Dumer: she was a Godly wo- 
man but by the seduction of some of her acquaintans, she was led away 
into the new opinions in m nl Ilutchinsons time, & her husband removing 
to Nubery, she there openly declared herselfe, & did also (together w th 
othe" indeavour) seduce her husband, & p'swaded him to returne to Boston ; 
where she being young w th child, & ill ; m r Clark (one of the same opin- 
ions) vnskillfully gave her a vomit, w ch did in such maner torture & tor- 
ment her, w th the riseing of the moth r & other vyolences of nature y e she 
dyed in a most vncomfortable mailer : But we beleive God tooke her away 
in mercy, fro worse evil, w ch she was falling vnto. & we doubt not but she 
is gone to heaven.* 

[Elizabeth ?] Talmage the wife of willia Talmage. she was a g[r]ave 
matron a Godly woman, & after her husband was removed to Line after a 
few years she dyed & left a gracious savor behind her. 

Ann Shelly a maide servant she came to the Land in the yeare 1G32. & 
was married to [Richard] Foxallt a godly broth r of the church of Sit- 

Rebeckah Short a maide servant she came in the yeare 1G32. & was mar- 
ried to [Walter] Palmer! a godly man of charlestowne church. 

Judith Bugby the wife of Richard Bugbie.§ 

Florenc Carman the wife of John Carman. || 

Mary Blott a maide servant, she came in the yeare. 1632. & was after 
married to steward woodfordlf of this church, who after removed to Conec- 
ticott to Hartford church, where she lived in christian sort. 

William Hills, a man servant, he came over in the yeare. 1632. he mar- 
ried Fhillice Lyman the daughter of Richard liman, he removed to Hart- 
ford on conecticott, where he lived severall yeares, w th out giving such good 
satisfaction to the conscieces of the saints. 

Mary Gamlin a maide servant, daughter of Rob: Gamlin the Eld r . she 
came with her fath r in the yeare 1632. she was a very gracious maiden ; she 
dyed in m r Pinchons family of the small pox. in the yeare 1633. 

Robert Gamlin junio 1 he arrived at N.E. the 20 th of the 3 d month, he 

* The second wife of Mr. Dummer was Frances, widow of the Rev. Jonathan Burr, of 
Dorchester. They were married in 1644. She died Nov. 19, 1682, aged 70. Of the four 
children of Mr. Dummer by this connection, the eldest was Jeremiah, father of Jeremiah, 
author, councillor, member of the artillery company, &c. ; by trade a goldsmith, who served 
his time with John Hull. 

+ Richard Foxwell, one of the founders of the first church in Scituate, Mass., with the 
Rev. John Lothrop, Jan. 8, 1634. Register, ix. 279. 

% He was probably a younger brother of Abraham, of Charlestown, an abstract of whose-- 
will is given, Reg. vii. 338. Removed to Rehoboth, thence to Stonington, called Souther- 
ton, then a part of the county of Suffolk. "Will, Reg. xi. 39. See Bliss's Rehoboth, 25, 
27, 28, &c. Wheeler's History of the First Congregational Church, Stonington, Conn., 295. 

6 Died before 1636 ; his widow married Robert Parker. See Paige's Cambridge, 622. 

f| Removed to Long Island ; was one of the patentees of Hempstead. Thompson's Long 
Island, ii. 4. 

If Thomas Woodford. See Register, present volume, page 23. 

VOL. XXXV. 21* 

242 Rev. J(j/ui ElioCs Record of Church Members. [July, 

brought only one child, w ul ' was the sone of his wife by a former husband, 
hia name is John mayo, lie was but a child. 

Elizabeth his first borne, was borne about the 24 th of the 4' month: ano 
dni: L634. 

Joseph borne the lG th of the 10 th month ano. 1G3G. 

Benjamin borne the 20 th of the 6 1 month: L639. 

Elizabeth Gamlin the wife of Robert Gamlin junio*. 

Phillis Lyman the daughter of Richard Lyman, she came to the Land 
w th her fat h r ano L631. God wrought vpon her heart in this Land, she 
grew deafe ; w' '' disease increasing was a great affliction to her, she was 
married to willia Mills & lived with him at Hartford on Conecticot. 

John Moody.* he came to the Land in the yeare 1G33: he had no child- 
ren he had 2 men servants, y l were vngodly, especially one of them ; who 
in his passion would wish himselfe in hell: & vse desperate words, yet had 
a good measure of knowledg, these 2 servats would goe to the oister bank 
in a boate, & did, against the counsell of theire governo r where they lay all 
night ; & in the morning early when the tide was out, they gathe r ing oysters, 
did vnskillfully leave theire boate afloate In the verges of the chanell, & 
quickly the tide caryed it away so far into the chanell y* they could not 
come neare it, w ch made them cry out & hollow, but being very early & 
remote were not heard, till the water had risen very high vpon them to the 
armehols as its thought, & then a man fro Rockbrough meeting house hill 
heard them cry & call, & he cryed & ran w th all speed, & seing theire boate 
swam to it & hasted to them, but they were both so drowned before any 
help could possibly come, a dreadfull example of Gods displeasure against 
obstinate servats. 

Sarah Moody, the wife of John Moody. 

John Walkerf 

Elizabeth Hinds a maid servant, she came in the yeare 1633. she had 
some weaknesses, but upon the churches admonition repented, she was 
afterwards married to Alexander of Boston wheth r She was dismissed. 

Elizabeth Ballard, a maide servant, she came in the yeare 1633. & was 
soone after her comeing joyned to the church ; she was afterwards married 
to Robert Sever of this church, where she led a godly conversation.! 

John Porter. § 

Margret Porter the wife of John Porter. 

William Cornewell|| 

Joane Cornewell, the wife of Willia Cornewell. 

Samuel Basse.1T 

Ann Basse the wife of Samuell Basse. 

Nicholas Parker he came to N. E. in the yeare 1G33. about the 7* 
month: he brought two children, Mary, & Nicholas: Johauah his third 
child was borne the first of the 4* month. 1635. 

* Savage says, son of George, of Moulton, eo. Suffolk, Eng. John, removed soon to 
Hartford. Sarah, his widow, died at Hadley in 1671. 

f One of the disarmed, 1637; removed to Rhode Island; an early subscriber to the cov- 
enant of civil government j was at Portsmouth, ll. I., 1638, had a grantor* one hundred 
acres there in 1639. See Bartlett'fl Records of the Colony of Rhode Island, vol. i. 

+ Seaver Family, p. 2. Bbo. xxvi. 304. 

$ Another of the disarmed men, who went to Rhode Island, was an Assistant there. 
i;. I. Records. 

i; moved to Hartford 1639, thence to Middle-town about 1651, where he died Feb. 21, 
167N. Iliuniau's Early Puritan Settler* of Connecticut, 724. 

«l Went to Braintree 1640, died Dee. 30", 1694, aged 91. His wife died Sept. 5, 1693, aged 
9?. Thayer Family Memorial, 53. 

1881.] Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. 243 

he removed fro vs to the church of Boston. 

Ann Parker the wife of Nicholas Parker. 

Phillip Sherman, he came into the Land in the year 1633. a single man, 
& after married Sarah Odding, the daughter o the wife of John Porter, by 
a former husband, this man was of a melancholy temp, he lived honestly 
& comfortably among vs severall years, vpon a just calling went for Eng- 
land, & returned againe w th a blessing: But after his fath r in Law John Por- 
ter was so caryed away w th those opinions of familisme, & scizme, he follow- 
ed them and removed w th them to the Hand, he behaved himselfe sinfully 
in those matters (as may appeare in the story) and was cast out of the 

Margret Huntington widdow ;+ she came in the yeare 1633. her hus- 
band dyed by the way of the small pox, she brought children w th her. 

Thomas F\gge$ 

Mary Pigge the wife of Thomas Pigge. 

Samuel Finch§ 

Martha Parke,|| the wife of Willia Park. 

John Tatman. 

Thomas Willson*f[ he arrived in N. E. in the 4 th month ano 1633. he 
brought 3 children Humfry. Samuel. Joshua. 

Deborah borne, in the 6 e month. 1634. Lidea borne in the 9* month 1636. 
he had his house & all his substans consumed w th fire to his great impover- 
ishing, himself being fro home. he was a very weak man, yet was he 
out of affection to the psohs of some, led aside into error, scizme, & very 
proud & contemptuous caryage for w ch he was cast out of the church. 
& he went away w th m r wheelwright, But the Ld awakened his heart, so y' 
after years he returned & repented, & was reconciled to the church ; 
and recomended to the church of christ at [Exeter] 

Margery. Johnson the wife of John Johnson** 

Ann Wilson the wife of Thomas Wilson. 

Jasper Rawlingsft 

Joane Rawlings the wife of Jasper Rawlings. 

Joshua Hues, he came into the Land a single man ; about the 7* month 
of the yeare. 1633. & joyned to the church aboute halfe a yeare after, his 
wife being the daughter of [Henry] Gouldstone came the next Sumer & 
aboade at Watertowne, where she was adjoyned to the church ; & in the 

* General Recorder at Providence, R. I., 1648-1650, and one of the Commissioners for 
Portsmouth, 1656. 

f Wife of Simon Huntington. He married, probably, Margaret Baret, of Norwich, or 
its immediate vicinity, in England. Huntington Family, by Rev. E. B. Huntington, p. 59. 
She married afterward Thomas Stouschton, of Dorchester, removed to Windsor. 

+ Died Dec. 30, 1643. Will proved Sept. 12, 1641. Reg. hi. 78; viii. 55. His widow 
married Aug. 13, 1645, Michael Metcalf. Ibid. vi. 171. 

$ Died in Roxbury Jan. 27, 1673-4. Roxbury Church Records. 

|| Daughter of John Holgrave, of Salem. 

1i Went to Exeter, signed the combination in 1639. He returned to Roxbury, became 
reconciled to the church, then settled in Exeter. Will made Jan. 9, 1643-4, being, as he ex- 
presses it, in " my right witts." See Reg. ii. 384, with note. His widow Ann married 
next year John Legat, who with Edward Hilton and two others were witnesses to the will 
of Thomas Wilson. See Wentworth Family Plate facing page 71, vol. i. 

** Mr. Johnson was a man of distinction. He afterwards married Grace, widow of Bar- 
nabas Fawer, of Dorchester. He died Sept. 30, 1659. " John Johnson, Surveyor Generall 
of all y e armes, dyed and was buried y e day following." Roxbury Ch. Records. Will, 
Reg. ix. 224. 

ft Went to Wethersfield, returned and was of Roxbur3 r and Boston ; married Mary, 
widow of Thomas Griggs. Will proved June 13, 1667. See Reg. xvi. 56. 

244 Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. [July, 

8 th month 1G34 he married her: and she was then recomended to our 
church: his first borne son Joshua Ilewes was borne the 19 day of the 8 th 
month. 1G39. but dyed the 19 day of the 10 th month 1639. it dyed of con- 
vulsion fitts: 

I sank Johnson* 

Ralph Ilinningway.'f" a man servant. 

Sarah Odding. she was daughter in law to John Porter. & came w th her 
parents & was after married to Philip Sharman of this church. 

Thomas Hills a man servant, he came in the yeare. 1633. he lived 
among vs in good esteeme & Godly, & dyed about the 11* or 12* month. 
1634. and left a good savor behind him, he was a very faithfull & prudent 
servant, & a good christian, he dyed in m r Eliots family. 

Thomas Hale a single man. he lived but a short time w th vs, but he re- 
moved to Hertford on Conecticott, where God blessed him w th a good measure 
of increase of grace, he afterwards returned & maryed Jane. Lord, one of 
o r memb" aboute the 12 th month 1689. & the next spring returned to Con- 

Edward Riggs§ 

Walker the wife of John Walker 
Hues a maid servant. 

John Stow: he arrived at N. E, the 17 th of the 3 rd month auo. 1634. he 
brought his wife & 6 children: Thomas. Elizabeth. John. Nathaniel. Sam- 
uel. Thankfull. 

Elizabeth Stow the wife of John Stow, she was a very godly matron, a 
blessing not only to her family, but to all the church, & when she had lead 
a christian convsation a few years among vs, she dyed & left a good savor 
behind her. 

John Cumpton.|| 

Abraham NewellH he came to N. E. in the year 1634. he brought 6 
children Ruth. Grace. Abraham. John. Isaak. Jaakob. 

Sarah Burrell the wife of [John] Burrell.** 

Robert Potterft 

Isabell Potter the wife of Robert Potter. 

Elizabeth Howard a maide servant. 

Richard Pepper 

Mary Pepper the wife of Richard Pepper 

William Perkins!! 

* The well-known captain, killed in the Narraganset fight in 1675; married Elizabeth 
Porter, Jan. 20, 1636. 

f Married Elizabeth Hcwcs, July 5, 1634 ; his will proved Julv 11, 1678. She died Feb. 
2, 1684, aged 82. 

+ Savage says on his return he settled in Norwalk, 1654 ; not long after removed and 
perhaps closed his days at Charlestown, Mass. According to Wyman (Charlestown Gen. 
and Estates, 4-54) he married Mary Nash 14 (10) 1659, who was left his widow. 

§ His wife Elizabeth, who came with him, died, and he married April 5, 1635, Elizabeth 
Roosa, who died Sept 2, 1669. 

|| Removed to Boston, was disarmed 1637. Will of Susannah Compton, " widow of 
the Long since Departed John Compton," proved 12, 9, 1664. Reg. xiii. 153. 

U Buried, says the Church Records, June 15, 1672, aged 91. His widow, Frances, ac- 
cording to the Church Records, died Jan. 13, 1682, "neere lOOy. old." Daughter Qrace 
married Sept. 14, 1644, William Tov, of Boston, died April 11, 1712, in the 91st v ear of her 

** Will, Aug. 3, 1664. Reg. vi. 353. 

ft Buried Jan. 17, 1653. See Reg. xxxiii. 62. Roxburr Church Records. 

++ Savage says " he was a minister, but where educated is unheard, son of William, of 
Loudon," &C, 

1881.] Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members, 245 

Robert Sever* 

[Phebe?] Disborough, the wife of Walter Disborough.f 

Christopher Peaket a single man 

Edward Paison§ a man servant. 

Nicholas Baker.|| 

Joseph Weld elf 

Elizabeth Wise, a widdow. 

Thomas Bell.** 

Mr. Tho. Bell and his wife had letters of Dismission granted & sent to 
England an : 1654. 7 mo . 

Willia. Webb 

Adam Motttf 

Sarah Mott the wife of Ada Mott 

Richard Carder XX 

m ri8 Anna Vassaile the wife of Mr. Willia Vassaile.§§ her husband brought 
5 children to this Land, Judith, Francis, John, Margret Mary 

Laurenc Whittamore.j||| 

John Ruggles he came to N. E. in the yeare 1G35. & soone after his com- 
ing joyned to the church, he was a lively christian, knowne to many of the 
church, in old England, where many of the church injoyed society together: 
he brought his first borne John Ruggles w th him to N. E. & his second son 
was stillborne, in the 11 th month 1636. of w ch his wife dyed. 

Barbara Ruggles the wife of John Ruggles. she was a Godly christian 
woman, & joyned to the church w th her husband, the pow r of the grace of 
christ did much shine in her life & death, she was much afflicted w th the 
stone chollik, in w ch sicknesse she manifested much patiens, & faith ; she dyed 
in childbed, the 11 th month, 1636. & left a godly savor behind her. 

Isaak HeathlHT 

John AstwOod.*** 

Philip Eliot he dyed about the 22 d of the 8* month: 57. he was a man 
of peace, & very f^ithfull, he was many years in the office of a Deakon w ch 
he discharged faithfully, in his latter years he was very lively, usefull & 
active for God, & his cause, the Lord gave him so much acceptance in the 
hearts of the people y* he dyed under many of the offices of trust y* are usu- 
ally put upon men of his rank, for besids his office of a Deakon, he was a 
Deputy to the Gen: Court, he was a comissioner for the govnm' of the 

* Register, xxvi. 303-323. Sparer Family, published 1872. 

t Report of the Record Commissioners, 1881, containing the Roxbary Land and Church 


X Married Dorcas French, Jan. 3, 1636 ; he died May 22, 1666. Will, Reg. xv. 126. 

§ Married Ann Parke, Aug. 20, 1640; 2d Mary Eliot, Jan. 1, 1642; removed to Dor- 
chester. Edward, H. C. 1677, his son by wife Mary. 

|| Hingham, 1635 ; fourth minister in Scituate, 1660, died Aug. 26, 1678, aged 68. See 
Am. Quar. Reg. viii. 148. 

U Brother of Rev. Thomas; wife Elizabeth, 2d Barbara Clap. Will, Reg. vii. 33. His 
widow married Anthonv Stoddard. 

** Gave estate to the Grammar School. See inventory, proved July 4, 1655, by Ann Bell, 
his widow. Reg. xv. 40. 

ft Went to Hingham. Savage says he was from Cambridge, England; was in Ports- 
mouth, R. I., as early as 1638. 

XX Disfranchised ; one of the grantees with Robert Potter and others, of the town of 
Warwick, R. 1. 

$$ One of the Assistants of the Governor and Company, Mass. Bay. 

j| || Wife Elizabeth. Savage says of Sanstead Abbey, co. Herts ; gave estate to free school. 
Roxbury Church Records, day 18, mo. 9, 1644, buried " Laurence Whittamore, an an- 
cient christian of 80 years of age." His wife died mo. 12, day 13, 1642. 

HIT Ruling Elder. Wife Elizabeth ; he died Jan. 21, 1660. Will, Reg. x. 264. 

*** Representative and Assistant of the Colony ; died in London. 


246 Rev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. [July, 

Towno, lie was one of the 5 men to order the prudential affairs of the 
towne ; and he was chosen to be Feofee of the publike Schoole in Rox- 
bur\ . 

Elizabeth Bowis 

Martha Astwood the wife of John Astwood. 

Jasper Gun.* 

Thomas Bircharde 

John Cheny he came into the Land in the yeare 16.35. he brought 4 
children, Mary, Martha, John, Daniel. Sarah his 5* child was borne in the 
last month of the same yeare 1635, cald February, he removed, from o r 
church to Newbery the end of the next suer. 1636. 

Martha Cheny the wife of John Cheny : 

Mary Norrice a maide. She came into the Land, she was daughter to 
M r Edward Norrice,f who came into the land. and was called & or- 

dained to be Teacher to the church at Sale m where he served the Lord 

Henry Bull a man servant he came to the Land [163o] he lived honest- 
ly for a good season, but on the suddaine (being weake and affectionate) 
he was taken & transported w th the opinions of familisme, & running in 
that scizme he fell into many, & grosse sins of lying &c (as may be seene in 
the story), for w ch he was excomunicate, after w ch he removed to the Ilaud.t 

Mr. Thomas Jenner.§ 

Bell the wife of Thomas Bell. 

James How|| 

[Elizabeth] How the wife of Jams How. 

[Mary] Birchard, the wife of Thomas Birchard. 

John Graveslf he arrived in the 3 d month. 1633. he brought 5 children 
John. Samuel. Jonathan. Sarah. Mary, his wife quickly dyed, & he maryed 
Judith,** a maid servantt, by whom his first child Haiiah was borne about 
the end of the 7 th month. 1636. 

M r John • 

Mary Swaine a maide servant, her father lived at watertowne, & did re- 
move w th them to Conecticott ; wheth r we recomended her & she after did 
marrie to one at Newhaven, & she was dismissed to y* church : 

Jane Lorde a maide servant, she came over in the yeare she lived a 

Godly life among vs; & in the year 1640 she was married to Thomas 

* Removed to Hartford, sometime a physician, afterward at Milford. Savage. 

t March 18, 1640, he was ordained at Salem as colleague with Hugh Peters. In 1636 he 
published in London a treatise in which he combats the errors of " Traskisme," so railed, 
as held by Rev. John Traske, who in a reply the same year vindicates " The Trve Gospel " 
"from the Reproach of a New Gospel." From this book we learn that Mr. Norris's con- 
gregation embarked for New England previous to the date of publication (1636), and that 
he intended to accompany them, but did not do so. He followed them; but this was not 
till after 1638, as he published a book at London that year, being a rejoinder to Rev. Mr. 

X Governor of the Colony 1685 and 9; died Jan. 9, 1693-4; wife Elizabeth. 

$ Minister awhile in Weymouth and in Saco. Letter of Eliot, 3 Mass. Hist. Coll. iv. 144. 
Winthrop, i. 250. 

|| Wife Elizabeth, only daughter of John Dane, Ipswich. Reg. viii. 148. " May 19** 
[1702] Mr. James How, a good Man of Ipswich, HU years old, is buried." Sewall's Diary, 
Ifass. Hist. Coll. 5th series, vi. 66. Mr. Sow's ago, however, was only about '.'7, as in a 
deposition in 1066, he gave hi> age as being then 61. 

U Will, Nov. 1, 1644. Reo. iii. 21 

** " Judith Allward, in Decembei , 1635," bo the Town Records read. This name may have 
been Ballard, and Judith possibly a sister to Elizabeth, who married Robert beaver, see p. 
242 of this article, and Rboxstbb, xwi. 304. 

tf Wife Rhoda. Will, Reg. viii. 282 ; xxxi. 104. 


1881.] llev. John Eliot's Record of Church Members. 24tl 

Hale, one of this church, who removed to Hartford on Conecticott, where 
they lived well approved of the saints. 

Giles. Paison, a single man. he married o r sister Elizabeth Dowell. 

Edward Porter he came in the yeare. 1636. he brought two children w th 
him: John about 3 years ould & Willia aboute a year ould: his 3 d child 
Elizabeth was borne in o r church in the 10 th month of the yeare 1637 his 
4 th child Hanah was borne in the 9 th month, of o year 1639. 

Elizabeth Eliot the wife of Phillip Eliot. 

[Frances] Newell the wife of Abraham Newell 

Elizabeth Dowell a maide servant, she was maried to o r bro. Giles 

Phillis Pepper a maide servant. 

Robert Williams* 

Judith Weld the second wife of m r Thomas Weld 

Samuel Hagbournef 

Elizabeth Williams the wife of Robert Williams 

Katteren Hagbourne, the wife of Samuel Ilagbourne. 

Abraham How. 

How, the wife of Abraham How. 

Arthur Geary. $ 

Geary the wife of Arthur Geary 

Thomas Ruggles§ he came to N. E. in the yeare 1637. he was eld f 
broth 1 " to John Ruggles ; children of a Godly fath* ; he joyned to the 
Church soone after his coming being as well knowne as his broth 1 " his first 
born sofie. dyed in England his second son John was brought over a servant 
by Phillip Eliot: & he brought two oth r children w th him: Sarah, & Sam- 
uell : he had a great sicknesse the yeare after his coming, but the Lord 
recoverd him in mercy. 

Mary the wife of Thomas Ruggles. she joyned to the Church w th her 
husband & approved her selfe a Godly christian, by a holy, & blamelesse 
conv'ation being conv'ted, not long before theire coming from England. 

Edward Bridges. 

[Elizabeth] Johnson the wife of Isaak Johnson. 

Christian Spisor a maide servant. 

W u Rhoda Gore the Wife of M r John Gore 

Rachel write a maide servant, she was married to o r broth r John Lea- 

Johaiia Boyse a maide 

Thomas Mihillf 

Mihill the wife of mihill 

Mathew Boyse^* 

Boyse the wife of Boyse. 

[To be continued.] 

* From Norwich, co. Norfolk, England, it is said, with wife Elizabeth, and married after 
wards Margaret, widow of John Fearing, of Hingham. 

f Will, Reg. ii. 261 ; his widow, according to Savage, married April 14, 1644, Gov. Tho- 
mas Dudley, afterward, in 1663, Rev. John Allin, of Dedham. 

t Will, Reg. xv. 248. Proved Jan. 30, 1666. 

6 Will, Reg. hi. 265; widow, married Mr. Roote. 

|| John Levins and Rachel Wright were married July 5, 1639. — Roxbury Records. 

Ii He was the father of the Rev. Thomas Mighill, H. C. 1663, minister of Scituate, Mass. 

** He was afterwards of Rowley, but as early as 1657 returned to England. He was 
the father of the Rev. Joseph Boyse, of Dublin, an author of some repute, who was born 
in Leeds, England, Jan. 14, 1659-60, and died in Dublin, Ireland, Nov. 1728.— See Regis- 
ter, xii. 65-7. 

21* Letters Patent of Denization. [July* 


Recokded Lib. 11, Fol. 212, ra the Suffolk Registry of Deeds 


Communicated by John T. IIassam, A.M., of Boston. 

JACOBUS Secundus Dei Gratia Ang^. Scotiae franciae et Hyberniae 
Rex fidei Defensor xc a . Omnibus ad qvos Presentes Literal Nostras Per- 
venerint Salutem Sciatis qvod nos pro Diversis Bonis causis et consideration- 
ib\ nos ad Presentes specialiter moventibus de gratia Nostra Special] et ex 
certa Scientia et Mero Motu Nostris concessimus ac per Presentes pro nobis 
Hseredibus et Successoribus nostris concedimus Dilectis Nobis Petro Alix 
Clerico Margaretoe Uxori ejus Johanni Petro et Jacobo Liberis Suis Phy- 
lippo Arbunnot Johanni Arbandy Jacobo Asselme Clerico Jonse Arnaud 
Susannas Uxori ejus Eleazaro Abrahamo Jona? et Janae Liberis Suis Jacobo 
Anry Ludovico Allaire Maria? Aubertin Mariae Annae Aubertin Isaaco 
Abrahamo Petro Assaily Carolo Ardessoif Janae Uxori ejus Petro Johan- 
ni et Janrc Liberis Suis Johanni Barberiae Petro et Johanni Petro Liberis 
ejus Jacobo Bailergean Paulo Boyd Oseaa Belin Oseae filio ejus Jacobo 
Breon Annae Bureau Elizabethan et Marine Annas Liberis ejus Thomae 
Bureau Annae Uxori ejus Gabrieli et Petro Boulan^ier Georgio Bovd 
Aaman Bonum Petro Billon Nicolao Bournett Jacobo Augusto Blondel 
Maria? Bibal Samueli Bonsac francisco Brincuman Johanni Bernard Petro 
Bernardan Johanni Brtiohmer Jacobo Brus;inner Isaaco Bonmett Samueli 
Jacobo et Benigno Liberis ejus ffriderico Blancart Henrico Bustin INIat- 
thaeo Bustin Josepho Bailhon Esteras Bernon Gabrieli Marias Esterae et 

* In the Register for April, 1878 (xxxii. 181), the writer began what was intended to 
be a scries of abstracts of early Suffolk deeds. The effort which was shortly afterward 
made to induce the County Commissioners to print in full the earlier records, the fir>r result 
of which is the recently printed " Suffolk Deeds, Lib. I.," rendered these abstracts un- 
necessary, and their publication was discontinued. These " Letters Patent of Denization," 
however, recorded Lib. 14, fol. 212, affect so many families and are so interesting to the 
genealogist, that it has been thought best to print them here entire. 

It was not until this article was all in type that the writer had. for the first time, an op- 
portunity of consulting Agnew , s French Protestant Exiles, London, 1871 (1.46). The 
author of that book introduces lists of these and other Huguenot refugees as follows : 
•• Numerous lists of the reigns of Charles II., James II., William and Mary, and William 
III., I now present to my readers, copied by myself from the Patent Rolls. As to the 
learned reader's opinion of my accuracy as a copyist, I rely on such a reader's indulgent 
consideration of the difficulty of spelling out the names. The letters i, m. n, and u. sepa- 
rately and combined, and also the letters c and t, may have been sometimes blundered, the 
old style of penmanship not sufficiently distinguishing them. The documents are in Latin, 
the Christian names have usually the termination of the dative ease: Jacobo seems to 
stand for Jacob and James, so that the translation of it is usually conjectural." lie adds 
In a foot-note, " The Camden Society Lists are printed from copies belonging to the late 
Mr. Peter Levesquc. I have thought it would he a i:o^d service to take copies afresh from 
the Patent Rolls. With regard to the lists belonging to the reigns of Charles II. and 
James II., I have had the advantage <»f the Camden Society volume for comparison and 
correction. Where I differ from the learned editor as to the spelling of names. 1 am of 
Opinion that my spelling is correct, not neccv-arily as to orthography, hut as a literal copy 

of what the government scribe wrote." 

The writer of this article has preserved with equal care the exact spelling of these 
names as they appear in the Suffolk records, and the discrepancies— large in number even 
When we consider the unsettled orthography of the time in which they were written — which 
the reader will discover in the printed lists, arc due to (Inferences in the MS. records from 
which they were taken. (T. the Camden Society volume entitled " Lifts of Foreign Pro- 
testants and Aliens resident in Engkmd t 1618-1688," edited by William Durrant Cooper, 
F.S.A., London, 1862, p. 18. 

1881.] Letters Patent of Denization. 249 

Jacobo Liberia ejus Jacobo Barbot Petro Bourdett Johanni Bourdett Ste- Barachin Ludovico Barachin Isaaco Beaulieu Samueli Bruffeau Jo- 
hanni Beaufils Davidi Beausanqvet Theophilo BelloDger Elizaeo Badnett 
Georgio Basement Clerico Marias Uxori ejus Petro Boytoult Catharinae Ux- 
ori ejus Catharinae et Magdalenae liberis ejus Abrahamo Binett Magdalenae 
Uxori ejus Judithas filiae ejus Johanni Petro Boy [ ] Johanni Boyde- 

chesne Abrahamo Christiern Marias Uxori ejus Marthas et Magdalenae Libe- 
ria Suia Petro Christiern Bernardo Condert Bernardo Benjamino etJanae Li- 
beris ejus Davidi Charles [saaco Converse Anna- Uxori ejus Johanni Colom 
Annie Uxori ejus Antonio Johanni Marthae et Mariae Liberia Suis Jacobo 
Collivaux Janae Uxori ejus Charlottae filiae Sua: Amaud Cazanbieth Janae 
Uxori ejus Danieli Chevalier Susannas Uxori ejus Danieli et Jacobo Liberis 
suis Johanni Baptistae Chovard Petro Chaaqveau Samueli Cooke Thomae 
Chauvin Charlottae Uxori ejua Thomae francisco et Catharinae Liberis Suis Jo- 
hanni Coutris Jacobo Crochon Petro Sane et Hesterae (hefd'hotell Petro 
Caron Petro Chafelon Paulo Charron Anna' Uxori ejus Marqvis Carmelo 
Georgio Chabott Paulo de Brissac Samueli de la Coulere Mariae Uxori ejus 
Judithas et Margaritas filiabus suia Janae de Carjennea Petro et Janae Liberis 
ejus Danieli en Condray Magdalenae Uxori ejus Danieli lilio Suo Paulo de 
Pont Gabrieli de Pont Johanni de Diorae Abrahamo et Danieli de Doav^ae 
Isaaco de Dognel Racheli Uxori eju8 Carolo et Isaaco liberie ejua Josiae l)u- 
vall Petro Davau francisco Desae Mariae Uxori ejus Raymundoet Petro Libe- 
ris suis Johanni Mendez da Casta Johanni de la Hay Johanni Thomae Carolo 
Mosi Adriano et Petro liberis ejus -Johanni Doublet Marthae Uxori ejus Davidi 
Jacobo et Mariae Liberis Suis Petro Daude Isaaco Del amer Johanni De- 
conning Catharinae et Marthae filiabus suis Isaaco et Mariae de Mountmayor 
Johanni de la Place Loviae Uxori ejus Johanni de Beaulieu Jacobo de 
Bors et Maria- Uxori ejua Jacobo Gideon de Siqve Ville Clerico Henrico 
le gay de Pussy Phylippo de la Loe Clerico Abrahamo Bueno . Henriqvez 
Abrahamo Duplex Susanna' Uxori ejus Jacobo Gideoni Georgio et Susan- 
nas liberis Suis Petro Grede francisco francia Mariae de la fuge Catharinae 
Elizabethae Magdalenae Maria.' Margaritas et Annas liberis ejus Mosi de 
Pommara Magdalenae Uxori ejus .Mosi et Susanna' Liberia suis Johanni 
Dreilliet Johanni de Cazaliz Petro Dumas Abrahamo Dugard et Eliza- 
bethas Uxori ejus Gerhardo de Wyck Samueli del Maige Solomoui Eyme 
Dyonisio ffelles Johanni ffenmull Andrea* ffanema Arnaud ffrances Annas 
Uxori ejus et Arnaud lilio suo Rene frleury Petro ffouutaine Clerico Su- 
sannas Uxori ejus Jacobo Ludovico Benigno Annas Susannas et Esteras 
liberis suis Johanni ffargeon Isaaco ffarcy Petro ffleurisson Johanni ffallett 
Andreas et Johanni ffraiffneau Danieli flleureau ilrancisco Guerin Magdal- 
enas Uxori ejus ffrancisco et Anna' Liberis Suis Nicolao Guerin Ludovico 
Galley Paulo Granstell Clerico Samueli Georges Eleazaro Grunard Hen- 
rico Guichenet Ludovico Galland Racheli Uxori ejus Josepho Guicheret 
Claudio Groteste Clerico Jacobo Garon Isaaco Gariner Gulielmo Guillon 
Danieli Gorsin Johanni Gurzelier Andreas Gurzelier Petro Goisard Jacobo 
Martell Gonlard Gulielmo Gony Johanni Gravelot Catharinae Uxori ejus 
Matheo Gelien Isaaco Hamou Johanni Harache Johanni Hobert Eliza- 
bethas Uxori ejus Johanni Samueli Elizabethas et Marias Liberis Suis Ma- 
rias et Susannas Hardovin Mosi Hervien Esteras Uxori ejus Johanni et 
Marthas Liberis Suis Antonio Hulin Antonio Julien Janas Uxori ejus 
Annas Susannas Marias et I^steras filiabus suis Henrico Jourdin Ludovico 
Igon Esteras Uxori ej s . Esteras et Mariae liberis suis Charlott Justell An- 
dreas Jansen Antonio Juliot Antonio et Abrahamo liberis ejus Jacobo Jous- 
vol. xxxv. 22 

250 Letters Patent of Denization. [April, 

sett Mariae Joly Johanni Laura Antonio Chevreux Simoni Petro ct Marias 
Laurenl Jacobo le hond Jacobo Lovia Abrahamo filio ejus Esaye le Bour- 
geois Henrico le Conte Johanni et Roberto le Plaistrier Helenae le frank 
de marieres Johanni lombard Clerico franciscae Qxori ejus Danieli et Phy- 
lippo liberia suis Danieli le febvre Adriano Lernoult Pen-" S Johanni le 
Plaistrier Cbarlottse Uxori ejus Abrahamo et Janae Liberia Suis francisco 
le Cam Clerico Gabrieli le Byteux Benjamino L Homme dien Samueli le 
Gondii Ann;r CTxori ejus Magdalenae filiae Suae francisco le Sombre Michaeli 
leGoudu Annae Qxori ejus Thomae Matthaeoet Johanni Liberis Buis Jacco- 
bo Baruh Conrada Johanni Longlache Marias Uxori ejus Mariae et Man; 
filiabus Suis Johanni Petro la Serie fferdinando Mendez Samueli Metaj 
Clerico Phylippo Martineo Susannae Metayer Samueli Ludovico Marias 
Anmv et Racheli Liberisejus Johanni Marin Clerico Elizabeth- Qxori ejus 
Marthas et Susanna' Liberis suis Petro Morean franciscae Qxori ejus Samu- 
eli Elizabethae Maria' Annae et Marias Liberis suis Carolo Mor< 
Marias Annas Uxori ejus Danieli et Henriettas Liberia suis Jonae Mar- 
chais Judithas Uxori ejus et Isaaco filio Suo Ambrosio et Isaaco Minett 
Nicolao Montelz Magdalenae Qxori Petro Marion Solomoni Monnereau 
Judithse et francisco Morett Petro Montelz Michaeli Marcy Michaeli 
Johanni Petro et Isabellas liberis suis Stephano Mignau rsaaco Martin Pe- 
tro et Maria? Moreau ffrancisco Magnall Danieli Mussard Petro Montbal- 
lier de la Salle Danieli Mogrin Margaretae Uxori ejus Roberto Myre Jaco- 
bo Manpetit Susannas Uxori ej 9 . Maria' Mannett Petro Mercier Susannas 
Uxori ejus Petro Jacobo Susannas et Annae liberis suis lovise March et 
Johanni filio ejus Abrahamo Baruh Henriqvez Johanni Nolleau Eleazaro 
Nezerau Judithae Uxori ejus Esterae Judithae et Helenae iiliabus suis Johan- 
ni Pages Solomoni Pages Clerico Samueli Payen Petro Phelippaux Jo- 
hanni Papin ffrancisco Papin Aroni Pereira Petro Pain Margaretae Uxori 
ejus Davidi Papin Annas Uxori ejus Davidi et Susannae Liberis Suis Jacobo 
Pelisson Adriano Perreau Simoni Pausin Johanni Pron Petro Pratt Abra- 
hamo Page Gulielmo Portaile Margaretae Uxori ejus Gulielmo ffrancisco 
Hectori Marias et Gabrieli Liberis Suis Jacobo Pinneau Jacobo Paiaable 
Danieli Paillett Mosi Palot Marthae Uxori ejus Stephano Peloqvin Al- 
phonao Rodriguez Johanni La Roche Johanni et Petro Reme Jacobo 
Roussell Petro Esprit Radisson Stephano Rivonleau Petro Roy Susannas 
Uxori ejus Eleazaro Johanni Danieli et Susanna' liberis suis Gabrieli R 
mondon Paulo Rapillard Adamo Rounne Annae Uxori ejus Adamo Jacobo 
et Petro liberis suis Ludovico Rame Raymundo Rev Abrahamo Renaud 
Antonio Ron— an Elizabethae francisco et Onuphrias liberis ejus franc- 
Robert Samueli Sasportas Petro Sanaeau Petro Sigum Petro alio ejus I 
rolo Senegal Stephano Sevrin Matthaso Simon Racheli Uxori ejua Mat- 
thaso filio suo Alexand'o Siegler francisco Sanzeau franciscae Uxori .jus 
Abrahamo Danieli Petro et Jacobo Liberis suis Johanni Saulnier Mattlueo 
Savary Stephano Savary Lucae et Matthaso liberis ejus Joauaa Sonlart 
Elizabethae Uxori ejus Paulo Senal Marias Tonschard Davidi Thibault Mar- 
garetae Ternac Cranci8C0 et Anna' Liberis ejus Johanni Thierry Petro Than- 

vill Abrahamo Tourtelot Jacobo Mosi et Johanni Liberis ejus Johanni 
Thomas Aroni Testas Clerico Petro Tousant Petro Vailable francisco I rig- 

neau el Janae Qxori ejua Mare,. Vernons Clerico Antonio Vareillea Johanni 
van Lenterau Gabrieli Verignii francisco Van Rignaud Davidi Villianne 
Marias Vv,.nett Johanni Sansom et Maria- liberisejus Marias Lerpun 
Jacobo Mongin Nicolao Hende tl'rancisco de Beaulieu Susannas de Bean- 
Lieu Henrico et Henriettas liberis eju8 in Partibus Transmarinis natis q. 


1881.] • Letters Patent of Denization. 251 

ipsi Sint et Erint et eorum qvislibet sit et erit Indigena et Ligeus Nostrus 
et Haeredum et Successorum Nostrorum Regum Anglia; ac qvod Haeredes 
Sui et eorum Cujuslibet Respective sint et erint Ligei Nostri Haeredum et 
Successor) Nostrorum ac qvod tarn ipsi qvam Haeredes sui in Omnibus Tra- 
jectinis Reputentur habeantur ac gubernentur tanqvam iideles Ligei Nostri 
infra Predictum Regnum Nostrum Angliae Oriundi et qvod ipsi et eorum 
qvislibet Respective et Haeredes Sui omnes ac omnimod) ac Actiones Sectas 
et Qvserelas cujuscunqve sint Generis naturae sive Speciei in qvibuscunqve 
locis curiis ac jurisdictionibus Nostris in Regno Nostro Anglia? ac alibi in- 
fra Dominia Nostra babere Exercere Eisqve Uti et Gaudere et in iisdem 
Placitare et Implacitari Respondere et Responderi Defendere ac defendi 
Possint et Valeant Possit et Valeat in Omnibus ac per Omnia sicut aliqvis 
Ligeus Nostrus aut Aliqvi fideles Subditi Nostri in dicto Regno Nostro 
Anglia? Nati sive Oriundi et Insuper qvod Separales Persona? Pra?dicta? et 
eorum qvislibet et Haeredes sui Respective Terras Tenementa Redditus Re- 
versioner et Servitia et Alia Ilaereditamenta Qvaecunqve infra Dictum Reg- 
num Nostrum Anglia? et Alia Dominia perqvisere Recipere capere babere 
Tenere Emere et Possidere ac eis Uti et Gaudere sibi et Hseredibus Suis 
Respective in Perpetuum vel alio qvocunqve modo eaqve Dare Vendere 
Alienare et Legare cuicunqve Persona? sive Qvibuscunqve Personis sibi 
Placuerint vel Placuerit ad Libitum Suum Valeant et Possint Valeat et Pos- 
sit licite et impune acadcolibere Qviete integre ac Pacifice Sicut aliqvi fide- 
les Ligei Nostri infra Regnum Nostrum Anglia? Oriundi ac qvod ipsi et 
Haeredes Sui Respective libere et licite Clamare Retinere et Gaudere Possint 
et Valeant Maneria Terras Tenementa Redditus et Haeredimenta Qvaecun- 
qve sibimet ipsis vel eorum qvolibet per nos aut per aliqvas Personas qvas- 
cunq aut per aliqvam Personam qvamcunqve antehac Datas concessas sive 
assignatas aut in posterum dandas concedendas sive assignandas adeo libere 
qviete integre et pacifice sicut aliqvis fidelis Liege us Noster infra Dictum 
Regnum Nostrum anglia? Oriundus ac qvod Persona? Pra?dicta? ac qvod 
Haeredes sui Respective Omnes et omnimodas Libertates franchisas et 
Privileffia Re™ Nostri An<dia? et alior) Dominioruin Nostrorum libere 
qviete et Pacifice babere et Possidere eisqve Uti et Gaudere Possint et 
Valeant tanqvam fideles ligei Nostri infra Dictum Nostrum Regnum Aug*. 
Nati absqve Perturbatione Molestatione impedimento Vexatione Clameo 
sive Gravamine qvocunqve Nostri Haeredum aut Successorum Nostrorum 
aut Mimstroruni aut Oinciarioruin Nostrorum aut Aliorum qvorumcunqve 
aliqvo Statuto Actu Ordinatione sive Provisione Regni Nostri Praedicti in 
Contrarium inde autebac facto Edito Ordinato Sive Proviso aut aliqva 
Alia Re Causa vel Materia qvacunqve in Contrarium non Obstante Atta- 
men Volumus ac per Presentes Personis Pra?dictis et eorum qvolibet Re- 
spective Pra?cipimus qvod ipsi et Haeredes Sui Respective Homagium et 
Liegeantiam nobis Haeredibus et Successoribus Nostris faciant et Lott et 
Scott prout alii Ligei Nostri faciunt et Contribuunt Solvant et Contribuant 
ut est Justum et qvod ipsi et Ha?redes Sui Respective Solvant Solumodo 
nobis Ha?redib s et Successoribus nostris Custumam et Subsidium p r o Rebus 
et Marcbandizis Suis prout Indigena? Solvant et Solvere Debent et qvod 
ipsi et Haeredes Sui Respective Omnes et Singulas Ordinationes Acta 
Statuta et Proclamationes Regni Nostri Anglia? tarn Edita qvam in Poste- 
rum Edenda Teneant et iisdem Obedientes Sint et Erint juxta formam Le- 
gum et Statutorum in ea parte aliqvo Statuto actu Ordinatione sive Pro- 
visione in Contrarium inde non Obstante et non Obstante Statuto in Par- 
liamento Domina? Elizabetha? nuper Reginae Ang^. Anno Regni Sui Qvin- 

252 John and Samuel Browne, Salem, 1629. [July, 

to Tento Edito et Proviso Proviso semper efc Volumus qvod Separales 
Persona Predict) et families Suae qvas nunc habent vol in posterum liabe- 
ant Respective Continuabunt et Residentes Erint infra Regnum Nostrum 
Ang». nut alibi intra Dominia Nostra In Cujus Rei Testimonium has Lite- 
ms Nostras fecimus fieri Patentes Teste Meipso apud Westmouasterium 
Qvinto Die Januarii Anno Regni Nostri Tertio 

per Breve cle Privato Sigillo 

Broad Seal of Eng d Appendant Duplicat) 

The foregoing Patent was Recorded this 20 th . of. July. 1G88 at the De- 
sire of M r Gabriel Bernon one of the Partys therein mentioned 

by Me Tho Dudley Cler. 


Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

STUDENTS of early American history are generally conversant, 
we presume, with the story of the two brothers, John and Sam- 
uel Browne, " the lawyer and the merchant," the former being an 
Assistant, who were joined with other members to be a Council ot 
the Massachusetts plantation or colony, of whom Enclicot was con- 
firmed as Governor. Soon after their arrival here, if not previous- 
ly, differences of an ecclesiastical nature arose. The Brownes and 
others set up Episcopacy, maintaining views at variance with the 
two ministers, Skelton and Hm'innson, who did not "use the book 
of common prayer," and were non-conformists. "Their speeches 
and practises tending to mutiny and faction," as it was alleged, 
" the governor told them, that New England was no place for such 
as they ; and therefore he sent them both back for England, at the 
return of the ships the same year." 

The article here printed settles the question, nearly, as to the 
time of arrival in England, and gives the name of the vessel in 
which they sailed. 

Mr. Felt (Hist. Salem, i. 66) has fac-similes of the autographs 
of the two Brownes, "taken from the Colony Eecords. The ter- 
mination of the surnames is worn away," he says, " but the defi- 
ciency is supplied by the like which precedes, except the final c." 
The document which we print has perfect autographs, and fac-simi- 
les of those are here given. 

For further information in regard to the Brownes, see the follow- 
ing works: Suffolk Deeds, Lib. i., pages xiii., xxii., xxiii. ; 
Young's Chronicles of Jf((ssachnsetts ; Transactions and Collec- 
t ion* of the American Antiquarian Society, in. ', Morton's Me- 
morial, 147. 

1881.] William Good and Salem Witchcraft. 253 

Whereas we John Browne & Samuell Browne haue certayne Chestes & 
truncks & other goods in the Bhippe called the Talbott, if we shall haue 
libertye to take them out of the sayd Bhippe, we doe hereby promise, that 
if the Comittee (w ch was appoynted betweene the Company of Massachu- 
setts baye in Newe England & \ r s the last Court) shall order vs to paye for 
the fraight of tin; sayd goodes, then we will paye the sayd freight vnto the 
Trer 11 of the said Company* at what tyme y* shalbe appoynted, And like- 
wise if they shall order that we shall paye any thing for o r passage home- 
wards bounde, we will paye the same in like manner what shalbe awarded, 
in witnes whereof we haue herevnto subscribed o r handes this 2S ih daye of 
September 1G2 ( J 

[Endorsed:] A note of m r Samuell & John Brownes to pay freight for 
back bownd if it bee agreed so by the Comittee 



Communicated by Peteb Thaohbr, A.M., of Boston. 

ALL of tbc following petition except tlie last line is in tbe hand 
writing of William Good. For Upham's opinion of Good, 
see his "Salem Witchcraft," volume ii. page 481. 

To the Honourable Committee 

The humble representation of Will™ Good of the Damage sustained by 
him in the year 1G92, by reason of the sufferings of his family upon the 
account of supposed Witchcraft. 

1. My wife Sarah Good was In prison about four months & then Exe- 

2. a sucking child dyed in prison before the Mothers Execution. 

3. a child of 4 or 5 years old was in prison 7 or 8 months and being 
chain'd in the dungeon was so hardly used and terrifyed that she hath ever 
siuce been very chargeable having little or no reason to gouern herself — 
And I leave it unto the Honourable Court to Judge what damage I have 
sustained by such a destruction of my poor family — And so rest 

Your Honours humble servant- 

Salem Sept. 13: 1710 William Good. 

30 lb proposed for to be allowed 

vol. xxxv. 22* 

254 The Family of Dummer. [July, 

l>v Col. Joseph Lemuel Chester, LL.D., of London. 

Communicated by Prof. Edward E. Salisbury, LL.D., of New Haven, Conn. 

ri^IUS monograph is from a volume of "Family Memorials" in 
X preparation by Prof. Salisbury, and intended to be privately 

The existence of the family of Dummer (in the early periods spelt va- 
riously Dinner, Dumere, Dummer, Dummere, Dumar, Domer, Dommer, 
etc.) is directly traced, through the public records, to as early a date as 
the beginning of the 12th century. Ralph de Dummera (supposed to be 
a son of Henry de Domera, living 7 & 28 Hen. I., 1107-1128). living 
in 1148 and dead before 1205, married Agnes de la Penne, heiress of 
Penne, in the county of Somerset, which place was afterwards known as 
Penne-Domer, and still exists as Pendomer, situated about four miles from 
Yeovil in tliat county. She was living as late as 1205, but died before 
1212. They had three sons, of whom Geoffry, the youngest, became a 
priest, and was parson of Dummer iu Hampshire. Robert de Dummer, 
the second son, married and left issue, but his line terminated in an heir- 
ess about the middle of the 14th century. Henry de Dummer, the eldest 
son and heir, also married and had issue two daughters, and an only son, 
Sir William de Dummer, living 1213-1243, who married Sibilla, sister of 
Hubert de Caune, lord of the manor of Drayton, co. Hants. Their son 
Sir John de Dummer, living 12G8-1320, has an effigy still existing in Pen- 
domer church, a magnificent example of its kind, cross-legged, and in a 
complete suit of ring-mail. He married the sister of Sir William Payne!, 
Baron Paynel, and had three sons, of whom Richard left no issue, and the 
line of John terminated in coheiresses early in the 15th century. Thomas 
de Dommer, the eldest son, succeeded to the family estate in Dummer, iu 
Hampshire (that of Pendomer going to his younger brother John, whose 
grandson and last heir male sold it in 1408). He died in 131 G, his wife 
Joan surviving. They had two sons, John who died without issue, and 
Thomas de Dummer who was a minor in 1318, and was still living in 1349. 
He left an only daughter and heir, Ellen, who married, first, Sir Nicholas 
Atte More, and secondly, William Farley, who was living in 1395. By her 
first husband she had one son, Thomas At More, alias Dommer, who left 
one son, Henry Dummer, living in 1428, whose son Robert Dummer v. 
lord of the manor and patron of the church of Dummer, co. Hants, in 1450 
and 1462. He left two sons, of whom George died before 1510, leaving 
an only daughter who married Thomas Tottishurst, of the county of Kent. 
Henry Dummer of Dummer, the surviving son. married twice, and died in 
1516. By his second wife, Alice Franklin, he had a daughter Margaret, 

and a BOD, John Dummer, who died 1st January, 1570-1, having had two 

sons who died in infancy, and leaving two daughters, Rose, married to John 
Edmonds of London, and Joane, who was married at Dummer, 5th Octo- 
ber, 1561, to John Cocke of that place, where she was buried iu 1 GOO, and 

1881.] The Family of Dummer. 255 

he in 1013. Henry Dummer, by his first wife, the daughter of Thomas 
Starling, had a son and heir, Richard Dummer, living in 1524-5, who had 
a daughter Joane and a son John, who both died without issue, and another 
son William At More alias Dummer, who was born 13th Feb., 1508-9. He 
was for fifty years clerk of the Lord Mayor's Court, and Comptroller of the 
Chamber of London, and was finally buried at Dummer on the 11th of July, 
1593. He married Kinborough, daughter of Edmund Brydges of Lon- 
don, and had an only son, Richard, who died in his infancy. 

The only monuments of the family existing, or known to have ever existed, 
in Dummer Church, were evidently put up by this person in his life-time, as 
the date of his death was never filled in. On a brass plate inserted in the 
east wall of the chancel are the effigies of a man and a little boy, the latter 
kneeling behind the former. The wife's effigy, without children, has dis- 
appeared, the matrix only remaining. 

The arms in a shield are as follows : 

Quarterly, I. and IV 2 bars between 6 Martlets (for Atmore), II. 

billety .... a crescent for .difference (for Duimner), III a cross 

engrailed (for Caune). 

Underneath is the following inscription : 

" Within this toumbe lycthe buryed y e bodye of William at Moore al's Dommer 
Esquyre borne the xiiith daye of Februarye Anno 1508 : ho served y citye of Lon- 
don in y office of one of y e Clearkes of the Lo: Maiors Court and Con^troler of y° 
Chaumber of London 50 yeares and above and died the of A° he maryed Kin- 
borowe Daughter of Edmunde Brydgea of LondO Draper & had issue betwene them 
a sonne who died in his infancie." 

On the pavement below the above is the following on another brass plate 
let into a slab of Purbeck marble: 

" I, William at Moore, Dominer calde, do here intoumbed lye, 
And Lordship this and of thys Churche the patronage had I : 
Myne aunccstors inc long before weare owners of the same, 
Obtayn'd by matche w th Dommer's lieire whereof they tookey c name; 
W ch name and livingc here on earthe as from them 1 posseste, 
So nowe in earth like them I am for wormes beooumbe a guestc : 
Thus (reader) death on me hath wrought that to mankynd is due, 
And like of thee by nature's course is sure for to ensue." 

Execrable as poetry, these lines are important, as they furnish the wri- 
ter's own testimony as to the manner in which he became a Dummer. 

This William was the last of the name who possessed the manor or lord- 
ship of Dummer, which at his death passed, probably by some limitation 
in the entail, to some person so distantly connected with the family that the 
character of such connection cannot be ascertained. He, it will be seen, was 
not a genuine Dummer, but the last of seven generations of Atmores. His 
immediate predecessors had called themselves only Dummer, while he used 
both surnames, but gave his own coat of arms the precedence, using that 
of Dummer only as a quartering. In those days the heraldry of tomb- 
stones meant something, and the shield which he caused to be put upon his 
monument tells his true history. He was entitled to quarter the Dummer 
coat through his heiress-ancestress who married the first Sir Nicholas At- 
more, and she also brought with her that of Caune, her great-grandmother 
being an heiress. He might, if he had chosen, also have quartered the 
coat of Penne, the first ancestress from whom he could positively trace his 

The name of Dummer disappears from the Dummer registers after his 

2T)G The Family of ' Dummer. [July, 

death, and. bo far as can be ascertained, tlie entire rare in the male line of 
the Dummers of Pendomer became extinct The surname crops np oo 
sionallv. however, in deeds and wills and other records of the period, bat it 
is impossible to identity the persons bearing it. in any in i <m- 

nect them with each other. The probability is that, as in tfa of At- 

morc, ether persons married Dummer daughters, it' not heir* md 

assumed their name. That sucli was the case in the history of the family 
I am dow about to discuss is very certain. It will probably be news to the 
descendants of the Dummers of New England that their ancient patrony- 
mic was not Dummer at all, hut such is the inevitable result from the ex- 
tensive researches I have made amoug the old wills, public records, Manor 
Court rolls, etc. etc., of the period, and every step in the pedigree I am 
about to present is proved by evidence that is indisputable. My only re- 
gret is that no effort, and I have spared none, enables me to determine pre- 
cisely who was the first Dummer of the family. There is a gap that can- 
not be bridged. 

There was a certain John Dummer who was Propositus or Reeve of the 
borough of Overton in Hampshire, in 1471, and who was amerced in that 
borough in the 21st of King Henry VII., 1505-6. Who he was. where 
he came from, or when he died, I have been unable to ascertain, and can 
no where find any other reference to him. 

I. A little later, viz., in 1523, there appears at Owslebury, in the same 
county, a Richard Pyldren, or Pyldrem, who died before February, 1540-1, 
and was buried at Owslebury. He was a freeholder of Overton above- 
mentioned, and is variously called, in the Manor Court rolls and other 
records, " Richard Pyldren alias Dorner," " Richard Dummer alias Pyl- 
dren," and " Richard Pyldrem alias Dummer." His wife Matilda, or 
Maude, survived him, and was living at Owslebury in 1545, as " Mawde 
Pillgryme," and in 1549 as " Mawde Pildrem," but was buried at Owsle- 
bury, according to her son's will, before 24th August, 1559. Whether her 
maiden-name was Pyldren, and her husband assumed it on their marriage, 
or whether she was a Dummer and he had added her patronymic to his 
own, and, if so, whether she was a daughter and heiress of the John Dum- 
mer of Overton above named, are questions that my most anxious searches 
do not enable me to answer, and it is not probable that they ever can be 
answered. But as her sons and grandson continued to use the name of Pyl- 
dren before that of Dummer, and as, although at some distance from Owsle- 
bury, they continued to be freeholders of Overton, and as this Richard and 
Matilda gave the name of Joint to the only two sons they had. there 
may be a fair presumption that Matilda was the daughter and heiress 
of John Dummer of Overton, and that her husband, first assuming her 
surname as an alias, finally dropped his own altogether, or rather 
that his descendants did. The conjecture however is not susceptible of 
proof absolute, and it can only be reasoned from analogy that the assump- 
tion of a second surname by Pyldren, as in the case of Atinoiv. "\\a> due 
to the fact that he had " matched witli Dummer's heir." 

At all events, this Richard Pyldren and Maude his wife were the ear- 
liest ancestors, of whom we can be absolutely certain, of the Dummers of 
New England, and of Bishopstoke and elsewhere in Hampshire. They 
left two sons, both named John, and evidently no other children. One of 

these Johns, whether the elder or younger cannot be determined, was mar- 

ri« -d at Newton Valence. Hants, 5th October, 1541, to Joane, daughter of 

Robert Smith of that place, and Agatha his wife. They are mentioned in 

1881.] The Family of Dummer. 257 

the will of her mother, Agatha Smith, dated 23d September, 1558, as be- 
ing then issueless, and they evidently died without issue, as none are named 
in the will of her husband John Pyldren, which was dated 24th August, 
1559. He directed to be buried at Owslebury, near his father and mother, 
and gave a small legacy to his brother John. The rest of his estate he gave 
to his wife Joane, whom he made his executrix, and she proved the will 
at Winchester, on the 3d of June, 15G1. In one of the old records of 1544 
this John is named as " John Pyldrime or Pilgryme alias Domer." I 
have never met with this name in this form any where else, and the proba- 
bility is that, if it had been perpetuated, it would have settled down into 
Pilgrim, which was subsequently not an uncommon name. 

II. The other son of Richard and Maude Pyldren alias Dummer, viz. 
John Pyldren, or Pyldryn, as he continued to be called in the lists of Free 
Renters at Overton, as late as 1542, subsequently resided at Durley, in 
Hants, about five miles southward from Owslebury. As his will is the 
earliest that can be discovered of the ancestors of the Dummers of New 
England, and as it is a curious example of the orthography of the period, 
I here give it verbatim et literatim : 

11 In the name of God Amen I John Pyldren of Derly within the countye of 
South 1 , Housbandman, beinge syke of bodye but thankes be unto God hole of mynde 
& memory, done here make and ordayne my Inst wyll & testament in manar & forme 
foloing. In the fyrste day of December in the seventeth yere of the rayne of our 
Boverayne ladye the quene Elyzabeth, by the grace of god quene of lngland, France 
& Ireland, delfendar of the fayth etc. Item, Fyrste 1 geve and beiiuethe my sole 
unto all myghty God, and my bodye to be buryed in the church or church-yeard of 
Dyrley, at the dyscretyon of my executors. Item, I geve unto the Trenyte churche 
of Winchester iiii d . Item, I give unto my wiflfc Als [Alice] my best bed and all 
that thereto belongeth. Item, I also geve to my sayd wyne my best kowe and a brasse 
pott ii plattars. Item, I geve to my son in lawe Richard White won quarter of 
barley well & klene tryd & wymber. Item, I geve to my son in lawe Wyllyam Col- 
broke won quarter of good barley. Item, I geve unto my son inlawesRychard White's 
son Robart won kowe boloke of a year old. Item, I geve unto my godson Thomas 
White one kowe bolok of a yere old. Item, I geve to my godson Raynold Staverby 
xii' 1 . Item, I give and bequethe to every on of my god-children els ii' 1 a pece. Item, 
I geve among the pore pepull of Dyrley ii boshels of whete, to be dystrebuted in bred 
at the dyscretyon of my executors. Item, I geve to the chappell of Dorley xii' 1 . Item, 
I geve to every on of my servants xii' 1 . Item, all the rest of my goods and katayls 
unbequethed, my debtes payd & my fyneral dyschardgd, I give unto my son John 
and my son Thomas, wliome I do we make & ordayne my goyntte and sole executors 
of this my last will and testament. Overseers of this my wyll Henry Staverton, 
gentylman, & Richard Cossen of Wyntershull. Item 1 wyll that ether of them 
shall have v s for their paynes. 

Witnesses to this my wyll : 
Henry Staverton 
Richard Cosen 
Thomas Abraham of Bets 
John Crouchar " " " 

The will was proved at Winchester, on the 11th of December, 1574, by 
both executors. The inventory of the personal effects of the testator is thus 
headed : 

" The Inventory of all the goodes & kateyls of John Pyldryn of Dyrley 
within the countye of Southe., Yeman, dysesecl, taken and preseid the sev- 
enthe day of December, and in the xvii th yere of the Raygne of our sove- 
rayn Ladye Elyzabethe," etc. The sum total was £76. 14. 0, a very re- 
spectable sum for the period. 

As the will was dated on the 1st and proved on the 11th of December, 
1574, there can be little doubt that his wife Alice survived him ; but who 

258 The Family of Dummer. [July? 

she was, and what became of her, I have been entirely unable to ascertain. 
Of their children, beyond what is said in the will, I can only add that the 
two daughters were named Joane and Margery ; but which married Rich- 
ard White and which William Colebrook I cannot say. They evidently 
had another daughter, who died in her father's lifetime, as "Alice daughter 
of John Dummer was buried at Durley on the 29th of December, 15 08 ;" 
and it may be suspected that " Alice Dummer, widow," who was buried 
there on the 15th of December, 1G03, was his widow — but of this one can- 
not be certain. His own burial is not in the Durley register, and he may 
have been buried at Owslebury, the register of which parish previous to 
1G76 is hopelessly lost. It may be that the family was called Dummer at 
Durley, but that, when he came to make his will, he thought it necessary 
to use only his own family-name of Pyldren. In such case it is quite probable 
that it was his widow Alice who was buried at Durley in 1603. But no 
will of hers can be found under either name, and this matter must therefore 
remain uncertain. 

John Dummer, the eldest son, continued at Durley, and was the ances- 
tor of the Dummers of that place, who never afterwards used the surname 
of Pyldren at all ; but, as they are of no account in this history, I proceed 
to that of the younger son, viz. : 

III. Thomas Pyldrim alias Dommer, as he appears in the early Manor 
Court rolls of Bishopstoke, Hants. He was sometime of Allington in 
South Stoneham, and afterwards of Swathling in North Stoneham, both 
in Hants, not far from Durley and Bishopstoke, which are all indeed with- 
in a circle of a few miles. He appears as lessee of Swathling-farm 20th 
January, 1608-9. On the 19th of September, 1620, he settled a rent- 
charge of forty shillings per annum, out of his land in Bishopstoke, for the 
use of the poor in that parish. His wife Joane joined with him in this set- 
tlement, but who she was, or when she died, I have been unable to ascer- 
tain. No will of herself or her husband is to be found. They are not in 
the Principal Registry either at London or Winchester, and were probably 
proved in the Court of the Peculiar of Basingstoke, the records of which 
Court, except a few odds and ends that are deposited at Winchester, have 
not been seen within the memory of man. It is believed that they were 
destroyed during the civil wars of the 17th century, or else hidden away 
for safe keeping, and eventually lost. This Thomas was living 24th Sept., 
1625, but died before 11th March, 1625-6, the dates of two of the Manor 
Courts of Bishopstoke, as appears by the rolls. According to the state- 
ment of his daughter Mary (the " M. D." of the Genealogy printed on page 
xxi. of the Introduction to the 1st vol. of the " Diary of Samuel Sewall "), 
he was buried in Bishopstoke Church, and there is no reason to doubt the 
statement, but it cannot be corroborated, as the Bishopstoke registers now 
in existence do not begin until 1661, with the exception of a few entries 
on the fly-leaves, probably unofficial, and there is no monument for him. 

Their children occur in the Court-rolls precisely in the order in which 
they are named by " M. D." in the statement referred to, with the excep- 
tion of the " two Williams," of whom I find no positive trace in this 
country. She stated that one of them " left one son, which hath children 
living," and it is possible that the visit of Samuel Sewall to Titchfield, 
9th March, 1688-9 (see Diary, I. 298), when he dined with his "cousin 
Thomas Dummer," was to these relatives. The only trace I find of these 
Titchfield Dummers is in the will of Robert Dummer of Fairthorne, in the 
parish of Titchfield, Hants, yeoman, without date, but proved at Win- 

1881.) The Family of Dummer. 259 

Chester, L2th March, 1663 I. He left a wife Mercy, and bods John, Ste- 
phen and William, all under age. One of the witnesses to this will was 
Thomas Dummer. The appearance of the two christian names of Wil- 
liam and Thomas, as well as the others of John and Stephen, all the com- 
mon family-names, Beems to indicate that they were the descendants of the 
William named by u M. I).," but J have found nothing further about any 

of (hem. 

The scope of this narrative is primarily confined to the descendants of 

the fourth son, Stephen Dummer, but, as the histories of all of them are 

more or less intimately connected, and as they serve to illustrate to some 
extent the "Sewall Diary," I propose to nan-ate as briefly as possible what 
I have discovered about the others, commencing with the eldest son, viz.: 

1. John Dummer^ who succeeded to his fath< Swathling, 

where he continued to live until his death. He made his will on the 29th 
of dune, 1 G62, describing himself as John Dummer the elder, of Swathli 
in the parish of South Stoneham, co. Southampton, gentleman. It may 
be noted in passing that he app< ars to have been the first of the line who 
dropped altogether the real patronymic of Pildren, ami also the firs! who 
Btyled himself a " Gentleman," as he undoubtedly was. The following 
a full abstract of the will : 

To the poor of South Stoneham £3, and of v i 80 Rhillings. — To 

Thomas my eldest son my lands and leas a in Swathling, and Poliate in South 
Stoneham. — To John my second b m my free land called Bauden'a Land, in the Tith- 
ing of Allington in South Stoneham aforesaid, & to his heirs and assigns forever, 
he paying £100. to his said elder brother Thomas. — To Ivhuundjny y 

mly, 1 having already settled an estate on him. — L\> my eldest daughter Ann, 
i oi Richard Chemish- £200, for the use of herself and children. — To Dorothy 
lizabeth my daughters, each .110, and to each of my grandchildren £3.- 
Walter Smith of Fairthorne 10 shillings — All residue t » my said a ins Thomas and 
John, whom 1 make my joint executors. 

The will was proved at Winchester, by both executors, on tl h of 

January, 1 662-3. The total sum of the inventory of th 
was £522. 9. 8, quite a large sum for a man of his position at that period. 

His wile had evidently died before him, but, as the parish-register of 
South Stoneham now existing does not begin until just after his death, in 
16G3, I am unable to ascertain even her christian name. In th:t ter, 

however, under date of 26th August, L667, is this entry: " Memorandum — 
that upon Monday, August 26th, 1 buried the corpse of old Smyth, uncle unto 
Mr Dummer of Swathling, in tin' church-yard of South Stoneham." The 
Mr. Dummer referred to was of course the eldest son Thomas, who had 
succeeded to Swathling, and if "old Smyth" was his uncle, in the strict 
application of the word., it could have been only as his mother's brother, 
and the Mr. Smyth so disrespectfully mentioned may have been the Walter 
Smith to whom Thomas Dummer's father left the small legacy of 10 shil- 
lings. He may have been a disreputable old man, of whom the incumbent 
of that date did not feel bound to speak more respectfully. The children 
of this John Dummer were as follows: 

(1.) Thomas Dummer, eldest son, and one of his father's executors, suc- 
ceeded to the Swathling estate. lie married at Durley, Hants, on the 2d 
of April, 1659, his cousin-german Mary Dummer, youngest daughter of 
his uncle Thomas Dummer. (She was the " M. D." of the " Sewall 
Diary.") By her he had an only son, John Dummer, who was baptized 
at Durley on the 27th of February, 1660-1, admitted to Winchester Col- 

260 The Family of Dummer, [July, 

I I'tli August, 1675, died unmarried on the 13th, and was buried at 
South Stoneham on the L7th, of March, 1683-4, His is the earliest Dum- 
mer monument in the church of South Stoneham, and the inscription reads 
thus: " Here lieth the body of John Dummer, only son of Thomas Dum- 
mer, of Swathling, Gent., and Mary his wife. JL- died March \'-'>. 1G83, 

I 22." 

They bad also an only daughter, and eventually heir, Susanna, who was 
born the 3d, and baptized at South Stoneham the 9th, of September, I 
and married there on the 27th of December, 1688, to Robert And: 
gent., who through her succeeded to the Swathling estate. He died in his 

59th year, on the 19th of August, 1719. and was buried the 21st at South 
Stoneham, where lie has a monument with this inscription : 

" 11. S. E. Robert Andrews, of Swathling, Gent., who married Susanna sole 
daughter of Thomas Dummer sen r , of Swathling, Gent., by whom he had two 
Dummer and Robert, and four daughters, Mary, Susanna, Martha and Elizabeth : 
obiit 1!) of August, anno oetatis 59, salutis 1719. The Rev' 1 Dummer Andrews 
M.A., the eldest son, obiit M et 18, anno a>tatis 68, salutis 1700." 

This son, Rev. Dummer Andrews, was baptized at South Stoneham 
15th September, 1092, matriculated at Oxford, from Queen's College, loth 
December, 1709, and was B.A. 5th June, 1713, and M.A. 16th April. 1710. 
He was buried at Soutli Stoneham 22d Oct., 17 GO. Dying unmarried he 
left his estates to Dummer, only son of his brother Robert Andrew-. His 
will, dated 23d June, 175.'], was proved in the Prerogative Court of Can- 
terbury 29th June, 1701. He named his brother and sisters then living, 
his niece Mrs. Mary Luson of London, widow, his niece Mrs. Eliza- 
beth White, of Romsey, Hants, and her son John AVhite, and his 
daughter Mrs. Philadelphia Carter. Beyond this his will is of no in- 
terest to this narrative. The other son, Robert Andrews, was living 
at the date of his brother's will, 2.'Jd June, 175.3, with a wife Susanna, 
an only son Dummer, and two daughters, Susanna and Elizabeth. Be- 
yond this I have not sought to trace them. 

Of the daughters, Mary Andrews, the eldest, was baptized at South 
Stoneham, 20th May, 101)1. She married, in or before 1717, John Storke 
of Rumsey, merchant (eldest son of John Storke who had married her 
kinswoman Mary Nelson, as will be seen hereafter), who, according to the 
monument at Rumsey, died 30th November, 1724, aged 55. Their daugh- 
ter Susanna Storke married, after 23d June, 175:). John Reeks, and pn I 
the will of her uncle Rev. Dummer Andrews 29th January. 1761. 

Susanna Andrews, the second daughter, was baptized at South Stone- 
ham 5th April, 1694. She died unmarried on the 19th of August, I 
aged 7 1, and was buried at South Stoneham. 

Martha Andrews, the third daughter, was born 18th May, and baptized 
at South Stoneham, 11th June, 1695. She died young, before her father. 

Elizabeth Andrews, the youngest daughter, was baptized at South Stone- 
ham 30th October, 1696. She married Rev. John Norris, M.A., R 
of Langford, co. Wilts, whom sin; survived. She 1 died 5th November] 
), aged 1, and was buried at South Stoneham with her ancest 

Robert Andrews, gent., the father of these children, made his will on 

,ii of November, 1717. and it was proved at Winchester, by his wid-' 
ow Susanna, on the 9th May. 1720. She made her will on the L8th of 
June, 1720. audit was proved at Winchester on the 1 3th of July, 1722, 
by her daughter Susanna Andrews. There is nothing in either of them 
beyond the facts already detailed, and they need not. therefore, be recited. 

1881.] The Family of Dummer. 261 

Thomas Dummer, of Swathling, of whom we are treating, eldest son of 
.John Dummer of Swathling, made his will on the loth of January, 1688-0, 
describing himself as a Gentleman. The following is a full abstract of it: 

To my wife Mary, my moiety of housing and land in West Wittering, co. Sus- 
sex, belonging to the Cathedral Church of Chichester, also my leasehold-estate in 
Houne, with remainder to my daughter Susanna. — To my said wife Mary, my lease- 
hold-estate in Swathling, belonging to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, for her life, 
with remainder to my said daughter Susanna. — To my said daughter Susanna, 
my freehold-land in Swathling and elsewhere, but, if she die without husband or 
issue, then remainder to my said wife for life, remainder to Thomas, son of my 
brother Edmund Dummer, and the heirs of his body, remainder, in default thereof, 
to Richard, another son of my said brother Edmund Dummer, remainder to Corne- 
lius Dummer, another son of my said brother Edmund, and to his heirs forever. — To 
Samuel Carter my kinsman, £10, and to his sister Hester Carter, £5. — To Mary 
Dummer, daughter of Thomas Dummer, formerly living at Chicknell, £10. — All re- 
sidue to my said wife and daughter equally, and I make them my joint executrices. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 
10th of December, 1690, by the relict Mary, and the daughter Susanna, 
wife of Robert Andrews. 

Thomas Dummer was buried in the Church of South Stoneham, on the 
21st of March, 1688-9. The inscription on his monument is as follows : 

" Here lyeth the Body of Thomas Dummer, senior, of Swathling, Gent., who 
died March 17, 1688, in his 69th year." 

Why his will was not proved in London until nearly two years after his 
death, may be explained on the presumption that it was immediately proved 
in the Peculiar Court of his neighborhood, the records of which are lost, 
and that subsequently ifr became necessary to prove it also in London. His 
widow Mary survived him more than thirty years, and was buried at South 
Stoneham on the 4th of June, 1720. She has no monument, nor can any 
will of hers be found. Probably she left none, as she must have lived to 
extreme old age, certainly beyond eighty. 

It has been always said that the three emigrants to New England, Rich- 
ard, Stephen and Thomas Dummer, were brothers, but this is an evident 
mistake so far as the last is concerned. The age of the Thomas who went 
out in the " Bevis " is given as 19, in the well known list of passengers by 
that vessel, but that list contains other irreconcileable statements. It is 
absolutely certain that Joane, daughter of Thomas Dummer, brother of 
Richard and Stephen, married Thomas Nelson as early as 1645 ; and there- 
fore equally certain that she was not the daughter of a man who had emi- 
grated in 1638 at the age of 19. My impression is that Thomas, the bro- 
ther of Richard and Stephen, never went to New England at all, but that 
Richard, on his return to New England in 1638, took with him the wife and 
children of Stephen (who had remained in New England), and also Joane, 
daughter of their brother Thomas, and Thomas the son of their brother 
John, the same Thomas whose history we are now discussing, who would 
have been about 19 in 1638, and that he afterwards returned to England, 
as did his uncle Stephen, and others of the family. This conclusion seems 
to be sustained by the fact that there appears to be no trace of Thomas 
Dummer in New England after 1650, when his name occurs in the list of 
the original settlers of Salisbury. 

We now return to the second son of John Dummer of Swathling, viz. : 

(2.) Rev. John Dummer, who was admitted to Winchester College 25th 
September, 1637, and became Fellow of New College, Oxford, in 1644. 
He did not take his degree of M.A. until 20th September, 1660. He was 
vol. xxxv. 23 

262 The Family of Dummer. [July, 

instituted to the Rectory of Hardwick, co. Bucks, on the 6th of May, 1GG9, 
which post he retained until his death on the 15th of May, 1694, at the 
age of 73. A Latin inscription to his memory, but of no further genea- 
logical interest, will be found in the 3d vol. of Lipscomb's History of Buck- 
inghamshire, on page 369. He died unmarried. He made his will on the 
13th of January, 1689-90, describing himself as "John Dummer, Clerk, 
Hector of I had wick, co. Bucks." The following is a full abstract: 

To my nephew Edmond Dummer, Jr., son of my brother Edmond Dummer of 
Swathling, co. Southampton, all my land and estate which I received from my 
father, known as Barnes Land in South Stoneham in said county, and to the heirs 
male of his body, with remainder to John, second son of my said brother Edmond, 
remainder to Thomas, third son of my said brother Edmond. — To the Vicar and 
Churchwardens of South Stoneham, out of said lands, 40 shillings per annum, half 
for the poor of the village of Swathling, & half for the poor of YVest End in the 
Tithing of Allington, both in said parish. — To my sister Ann Chemish, £20. To 
each of the children of my brothers and sisters, £5. — I give my lands, etc., in Whit- 
church, co. Bucks, to New College, Oxford, they to pay for the use of the poor of 
Hardwick aforesaid 20 shillings per annum for ever, and a Fellow of that College 
to preach a sermon every 30th of January, in the nave of Hardwick Church, in 
memory of the martyr King Charles the First. — To my cousin Richard Dummer, 
son of my brother Edmund Dummer of Swathling, all my books, gowns, and cas- 
socks. — To my cousin Jane Carter, widow, now resident with me, £20., and to her 
daughter Hester, and to her two sons Thomas and Samuel Carter, each £5. — To my 
cousin Mary Dummer, daughter of my cousin Edmund Dummer, late of Chatham 
but now of London, near the Tower, £20, when of full age. — To my cousin Mary 
Dummer, only sister of said Edmund Dummer, £5. — To each of my brothers and 
sisters, 5 guineas. — I appoint as joint executors my dear nephews John and Thomas, 
sons of my brother Edmund Dummer of Swathling. — Overseers, my dear and much 
honoured friends, William Oldys, Dr. of Laws and Chancellor of Lincoln, and Mr. 
Stephen Penton, sometime Principal of St. Edmund's Hall in Oxford. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 1st 
of August, 1694, by said Thomas Dummer, one of the executors named, 
power being reserved for John Dummer, the other. 

The chief importance of this will is that it enables us to identify the Car- 
ters, as will be seen hereafter. 

The third and youngest son of John Dummer of Swathling was 

(3.) Edmund Dummer, of Swathling, who married Barbara, daughter of 
Richard Cornelius of Southampton, merchant. They were both buried at 
South Stoneham, he on the 17th of January, 1701-2, in his 79th year, and 
she on the 27th of March, 1706, in her 71st year. She left no will, or at 
least none is to be found. His will is dated 17th October, 1698, and he 
described himself as of Swathling, Gentleman. The following is a full 
abstract : 

To my dear wife the use of all my goods, stock and household stuff, for her life. 
— To Thomas my son, my messuage or tenement in East street, in the parish of All 
Saints in the town of Southampton, and to his heirs forever. — To Richard and Cor- 
nelius my sons, each £250 ; and to them equally, my messuage or tenement in the 
parish of St. Mary, in Southampton aforesaid. — To my cousin John Hunt, of Lye 
Heath, in the parish of Southwick, £5. — To my sister Ann Kemish, 20 shillings 
per annum for life. — All residue to my sons Edmund and Thomas Dummer, and I 
make them my executors. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 
18th of December, 1704 (probably having been before proved in one of 
the local courts of which the records are lost), by the son Thomas, power 
being reserved for the son Edmund. The inscription on the monument at 
South Stoneham is as follows : 

1881.] 1 he Family of Dummer. 263 

"In memory of Edmund Dummer of Swathling, Gent., who died the 15th of 
January, 1701, aged 78 ; and also in memory of Barbara his wife, daughter of Richard 
Cornelius, of South* 011 , Merchant, who died" the 22d day of March, 1705, aged 70 : 
They had 8 sons (Richard, Edmund, John, Thomas, Charles, Richard, Cornelius, 
and Henry), and, after having happily spent 40 years in a marriage-stato, were 
here interred." 

Their children were as follows: 

[1.] Richard, who was baptized at North Stoneham, Gth July, 1662, and 
died young, before 1672, but his burial is not recorded, either at North or 
South Stoneham. 

[2.] Edmund Dummer, who was baptized at Sooth Stoneliam 22d Sep- 
tember, 16G3. He was a member of Lincoln's Inn, and on the Gth of 
Juno, 17<»C), was appointed to the Government-post of Clerk of the Great 
Wardrobe, lie married late in life, viz. 16th May, 1715 (when lie was in 
hi- 53d year), at St. James, Westminster, Leonora-Sophia, daughter of Sir 
AVilliam Dutton-Colt, Knight. (She was in her 2 1th year at her marriage, 
having been born at Zell, in Germany, where her father was an Ambassa- 
dor, on t lie 21th of September. 1691, and was baptized the 26th, in the 
French Church there. She remarried in July. 1729, Denis Bond, Esq., of 
Grange, co. Dorset, and. dying 26th March, L766, was buried on the 3d of 
April following, in the Temple Church. London.) Edmund Dummer died 
on the 23d of May, 172 1, aged 60. The inscription on his monument at 
South Stoneham is as follows : 

" M. S. Edmundi Dummer, de Swathling in agro Ilantoniensi, Armigeri, de Hos- 
pitii Lincolniensis Barrasterii, Qui e Leonora Sophift uxore, Gulielmi Dutton Colt, 
militis, apud Hannoveram olim legati, iilia, liberos qninque, duos silicet nlios et 
tres filias, suseepit. E quibos Johannem, Mariam et Elizabethans superstites reli- 
quit. Edmundo et Catheriiue infantibus, que ah iis pins sibi ipsi pnestari mal- 
uit parens, supreina officia executus est, suoruin dum vixit amans, ainicis charus, 
vicinis hospes, clientibus audiit fidus, notis omnibus desideratus, obiit 10 Calcndas 
Junii, anno aetatis 61, Domini 1724." 

His will is a long one, but, as it contains some important identifications, 
and as he becomes an interesting personage in this history in another mat- 
ter to be presently discussed, I give a full abstract of it. It was dated 15th 
October, 1720, and he described himself as of Swathling, co. Southampton, 

To be buried under the seat where I usually sit in the parish-church of South 
Stoneham, or near my dear father and mother, as my executors shall see fit. — I give 
all my manors, lands, & tenements in the county of Southampton, London, & coun- 
ty of Middlesex, or elsewhere in England, to my brother-in-law Thomas Shipman, 
Merchant [really no relation, but his wife's half brother, son of her mother by her 
former husband — see Col. Chester's " Westminster Abbey Registers," p. 24 text, 
and note 3], and John Baines of the Inner Temple, London, Esq., in trust for my 
dear brother Thomas Dummer, for his life, with remainder to my nephew Thomas 
Lee Dummer, until the child with which my wife is now enceinte (if a son) shall 
reach the age of 21, when he is to have the same, but, if he die before that age, or 
without issue, then to said Thomas Lee Dummer for life, with remainder to my 
daughter Mary and the child of which my wife is enceinte (if a daughter), and to 
the longest liver of them. — To my said daughter Mary, and my said unborn child (if 
a daughter), each £5000. at the age of 21 or marriage. — For a school at North 
Stoneham, £300., and £5 per annum towards the maintenance of a school-master. — 
(Makes provisions for maintaining and educating four or more children of his 
daughter Mary, or of the unborn child (if a daughter), and three of the boys are to 
take the surname of Dummer, and the fourth that of Cornelius, in memory of his 
own dear mother deceased.) — If said daughter (or daughters) have no issue, then 
said four boys to be selected from among the children of my relations John Hunt, 
Richard Hunt, [blank] Bartlet, and of my late aunts [blank] Kemish and Anne 

264 The Family of Dummer. [July, 

Bear, deceased [this was a blunder of the writer of the will, or more likely a failure 
of memory on the part of the testator, for the name of his aunt Kemish was Anne, 
and that of his aunt Beare was Elizabeth ; as he evidently could not give his aunt 
Kemish 'a christian name, he appears to have confused the two], being kindred of 
my father's side ; and of Margaret Doit, John Norborne,and Barbara Fry, deceased, 
being kindred of my mother'sside. — If necessary, my estates in London, Essex, and 
Middlesex to be sold. — To my cousin John Norborne, £10. — To Thomas iSteggall, 
(jient., £10. — To the poor of North and South Stoneham, £40. — I intend by other 
means to signify my reasons why the heirs of my cousin Andrews, widow, lately 
deceased, have no reason to expect any profit or advantage of my labors. — I give 
£300. for the erection of monuments for my father and mother & my brothers, where 
they lie interred, and I will that the corpse of my late dear brother Charles, deceas- 
ed, be carried from the vault of St. Dunstan in the West, London, and interred 
where my father, mother & brothers lie. 

Codicil, dated 9th May, 1724. Whereas since making my will I have had two child- 
dren by me begotten of the body of my wife, now living, viz. John and Elizabeth, 
said John, being the child of which my wife was then enceinte, will now inherit 
my estate. — To my said daughter Elizabeth £5000. at the age of 21 or marriage. — 
To my kinsman Thomas Dummer, now living with me as clerk, £40. — To Mary & 
Joane, be they widows or wives, and to John their brother, all children of my aunt 
Kemish, each £10. — All settlements and agreements, before and since marriage, 
with my dear wife, to be fully performed. — I make my brother Thomas Dummer my 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on the 5th 
of June, 1724, by the executor named. His children by his wife Leonora 
Sophia were as follows : 

Edmund, who died in infancy. 

Mary, born 11th May, 1717, who married at St. Paul's Cathedral, London, 
11th July, 1749, John Bond, of Grange, co. Dorset, Esq., who died 
30th May, and was buried 5th June, 1784, at Steeple, co. Dorset. 
She died the 3d of October, 1787, and was buried the 10th with 
her husband. 
Catharine, who died an infant, and was buried at South Stoneham 20th 
Feb., 1719-20. 

John Dummer, who was born in Dec, 1720. He matriculated at Oxford, from 
Wadham College, 23d November, 1738, but took no degree. He 
died, unmarried, on the 5th, and was buried at South Stoneham on 
14th, February, 1748-9. His estates, which w r ere very considerable, 
went to his two surviving sisters, as his next heirs. He left no will, 
but letters to administer his estate were granted by the Preroga- 
tive Court of Canterbury 17th March, 1748-9, to his sister Eliza- 
beth Knightley, his mother Mrs. Bond having renounced adminis- 

Elizabeth, baptized at Lincoln's Inn Chapel, 30th Sept., 1722. She was 
married at St. George's, Hanover Square, 20th Dec, 1740, to Val- 
entine Knightley, Esq., Lord of the Manor of Fawsley in North- 
amptonshire, who died the 2d and was buried the 10th of May, 
1754, at Fawsley. She died the 11th of August, 1760, leaving 
issue. On his shield Mr. Knightley bore the Dummer-arms on an 
escutcheon of pretence. 
This Edmund Dummer must not be forgotten, as we shall have to do with 

him again in discussing the question of the Dummer coat of arms. His 

oexl brother, viz., 

[3.] John Dummer, was baptized at South Stoneham ~ 5th October, 1665. 

lie became a surgeon, and died, unmarried, in his father's life-time, being 

buried at South Stoneham 29th November, 1697. The inscription on his 

monument is as follows : 

1881.] The Family of Bummer. 265 

" In memory of John Dummer, third son of Edmund Dummer, of Swathling, 
Gent., and Barbara his wife, who died the 25th day of November, 1697, aged 32." 

He made his will on the day before his death, describing himself as of 
North Stoneham, Chirurgeon. The only bequest was a legacy of £50, the 
interest of which was to be distributed every Good Friday forever among 
the poor of North Stoneham. 

His father proved the will in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 
the 15th of December, 1697. 

The next son of Edmund and Barbara Dummer was 

[4.] Thomas Dummer, who was born about 1GG7. He became a Barris- 
ter of the Inner Temple, and in 170G was appointed Deputy Keeper of 
the Great Wardrobe, which office he held until his death. He married, 
about 1712, Isabella-Dorothea, only daughter of Thomas Holland, Esq. 
(son and heir of Sir John Holland, 1st Baronet of Quiddenham, co. Nor- 
folk), who died in his father's life-time. She died, evidently, in child-bed 
of her only child. The inscription on her monument at South Stoneham 
is as follows : 

" Under this marble resteth the body of Isabella Dorothea, wife of Thomas Dum- 
mer, of the flnner Temple, London, Esq., Deputy to the Most Noble John, Duke of 
Montagu, Master of the Great Wardrobe, the only daughter of Thomas Holland, 
Esq r . (son and heir of Sir John Holland, late of Quidenham, in the county of Nor- 
folk, Bart.), who died the 11th day of July, 1713, in the 40th year of her age." 

Her husband survived her more than thirty-six years. The inscription 
on his monument at South Stoneham is as follows : 

11 Here lyeth Thomas Dummer, Esq., who was a Deputy of the Great Wardrobe 
forty-three years : he died the 26 th day of September, 1749, in the 82d year of his 

lie made his will on the Slstof July, 17 17, describing himself as "of the 
Inner Temple, London, Esquire, Deputy to the Most Noble Prince John. 
Duke of Montagu, Master of His Majesty's Great Wardrobe." The follow- 
ing is a full abstract: 

To be buried near my late dear wife in the chancel of the parish-church of South 
Stoneham, in the county of Southampton. — Whereas, since my said wife's death, I 
settled the manors and farms of More Court, Great Kembridge & Lockerly, in said 
county, on my son Thomas Lee Dummer, the only child left me by my said dear wife, 
and as I have not married again, all nry real estate will descend to him. I now give 
him all my personal estate, he paying the £12,000, which I covenanted to settle at 
his marriage with Mrs. Elizabeth Penton on their younger children. — To Mr. Rich- 
ard Port, and to Mrs Elizabeth Beare & Mrs. Sarah Beare, daughters of Mr. Gil- 
bert Beare, of Winchester, deceased, each 20 guineas. — I appoint my said son Tho- 
mas Lee Dummer my executor. 

Codicil, dated 29th August, 1747. — £10 per annum to be given to Mr. Bartholo- 
mew towards the education of his son at the Grammar School, and, if he send him 
to the University of Oxford, then £20 per annum for seven years. 

2 d Codicil, dated 29 th Feb- V , 1747-8.— In my daughter's jointure- settlement the 
lands at East Norton, in co. Leicester, were omitted, and I desire that some other 
estate of mine, or an annuity of the same value, viz. £120. 13. 2., be settled on her for 
life. — To each of my nieces, the Lady Holland and her two sisters Isabella and Char- 
lotte Holland, a mourning-ring of the value of 50 guineas. — To widow Perrior half 
a crown weekly for her life. — To Lettice Garlick, £12. per annum for life. — To Phil- 
lip Rousselon, £20 per annum for life. — To Barbara Fry, £10 per annum for life, 
according to the writing I gave to Mrs. Barbara Richards, the same to be paid out 
of the Manor of Northam. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on the 24th 
of November, 1749, by the son Thomas Lee Dummer, Esq. 

This only son, Thomas Lee Dummer, matriculated at Oxford, from Brase- 
yol. xxxv. 23 

2GG The Family of Dummer. [July, 

nose College, 11th April, 1728, aged 15, and for some extraordinary rea- 
son WIS created M.A. only three \ <;tr- later, viz. 28th .May. 1 7 .J 1 . lie was a 
Fellow of the Royal Society. He subsequently purchased Cranbury Park, 
it Otterbourne in Hampshire, and was M. P. for Newport, Isle of Wight. 
He and his wife are sufficiently further described in the following inscription 
on their monument at South Stoneham : 

" Close to this wall lie interred the remains of Thomas Lee Dummer, Esq., of 
Cranbury in this County, F.R.S. He was the only bod and heir of the late Tho- 
mas Dummer, Esq., Deputy of His Majesty's Great Wardrobe. He died October 
6 th , 17(>5, aged 53. Also in the name vault are deposited the remains of Elizabeth 
Dummer, his wife, daughter of John Penton, Esq., of Winchester. She died April 
6th, 1766, aged 53." 

They had an only daughter, Elizabeth, who died in childhood, and was 
buried at South Stoneham, 17th June, 1746 ; and an only son, Thomas 
Dummer, who succeeded to Cranbury Park. He married, 5th June, 1766, 
Harriot, third daughter of Sir Cecil Bisshopp, oth Baronet of Parham, by 
his wife Anne, second daughter of Hugh Boscawen, 1st Viscount Falmouth, 
but had no issue. (She survived him, and remarried Nathaniel Dauce, the 
artist, third son of George Dauce, the celebrated architect, who assumed 
the additional surname of Holland, and was created a Baronet 27th Nov., 
1800. Sir Nathaniel Dauce-Holland died 15th Oct., 1811, in his 76th year. 
and was buried in the nave of Winchester Cathedral. She survived him 
nearly fourteen years, and, dying 12th June, 1825, in her 84th year, was 
buried with her first husband at South Stoneham [Burke states that there was 
an intermediate marriage with Thomas Chamberlaine, but no evidence of 
such marriage can be found].) The inscription on the monument of Tho- 
mas Dummer at South Stoneham is as follows : 

" The remains of Thomas Dummer, Esq., of Cranbury in this County, are depos- 
ited in the same vault with his father and mother : He was only son and heir of 
Thomas Lee Dummer, Esq. : he died June 3d, 1781, aged 41." 

He was the last male descendant of John Dummer of Swathlin^, eldest 
son of Thomas Pyldrym alias Dummer, of whose line we are now treating. 

[5.] Charles Dummer, the next son of Edmund and Barbara Dummer, 
was baptized at North Stoneham, 13th January. 1669-70. He died un- 
married about 1698, and was buried at St. Dunstan in the West, London, 
but, agreeably to the direction in his brother Edmund's will, his remains 
were removed to South Stoneham. His next brother was 

[6.] Richard Dummer (2d of the name), who was baptized at North 
Stoneham 15th February, 1671-2. He was admitted to Winchester Col- 
lege 25th August, 1685, and matriculated at Oxford, from Trinity College, 
Pith Dec. 1691. He was B.A. 7th June, 1695, and M.A. 25th June, 1698. 
He became Vicar of South Stoneham, and was collated a Prebendary of 
LlandafT, 4th June, 1700. He died unmarried, and was buried at South 
Stoneham, 3d August, 1705. The inscription on his monument is as 
follow - : 

" In memory of the Rev' 1 Richard Dummer, A.M., sixth son of Edmund Dum- 
mer of Swathling, Gent., and Barbara his wife, who dyed the 31st of July, 1705, 
aged 34." 

His next brother was 

[7.] Come/ins Dummer, who WW baptized at North Stoiiehem. 3d Sept., 

1674. He died, unmarried, at Valencia in Spain, and letters to administer 

his estate were granted by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 11th Oct., 

1881.] The Family of Dummer. 267 

1706, to his brother Thomas. He was described as late of the city of 
Winchester, and probably had gone abroad for his health, but possibly on 
business. His next brother was 

[8.] Henry Dummer, who was baptized at North Stoneham, 22d Nov., 
1677, and buried at South Stoneham 18th Nov., 1680. He was the young- 
est child of Edmund and Barbara Dummer. 

We now return to the sisters of Thomas, John, and Edmund Dummer, 
daughters of John Dummer, son of Thomas Pyldrym alias Dummer. They 
were three in number. 

Anne, the eldest daughter, married, before June, 1662, Richard Chemish, 
as he is called in her father's will, or Kemish, as in those of her brothers. 
She was living as late as 17th Oct., 1698, but died before 15th Oct., 1720. 
In 1724 her children living were John Kemish, and Mary and Joane, ap- 
parently married. I have found nothing further about them. 

Dorothy, second daughter, married, at East Tisted, Hants, 25th April, 
1650, John Hunt, of Southwick, Hants, and had a son John living in 1698. 

Elizabeth, third and youngest daughter, appears to have married Robert 
Beare, and to have left a son Gilbert Beare, who had issue living in 1747. 

We now proceed with the history of the second son of Thomas Pyldrym 
alias Dummer, viz. : 

2. Richard Dummer, with which, however, I have little to do, as the 
later portions of it belong almost entirely to New England. He is said 
to have been born at Bishopstoke about 1598, but this, owing to the loss of 
the early Bishopstoke parish-register, cannot be verified. In the list of 
the passengers by the " Be vis," heretofore referred to, his age is given as 
40 in 1638. The only record I find of him in England is that in 1631, 
previous to his first going to New England, he settled a rent-charge of 
40 shillings per annum, out of his lands in Bishopstoke, to the use of the 
poor of that parish forever. It was a generous thing to do as he was 
taking leave of his old neighbors, and speaks well for his character. That 
he paid a subsequent visit to England is proved by the fact that in 1650-1 
he proved, in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, the will of Thomas Nel- 
son, husband of his niece Joane. 

The only records I have found relating to any of his descendants refer 
to his grandson, the well known Jeremy Dummer, and his great-grand- 
daughter Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Dummer and Elizabeth Ruggles. 

Among certain records, kindly searched for and transcribed for me by 
Mr. Henry F. Waters, Salem, Mass., from the Probate Registry of Mid- 
dlesex County at East Cambridge, are the following : 

" Daniel Rogers, of Littleton, Clerk, appointed Administrator on the estate of 
Elizabeth Dummer, daughter of Samuel Dummer, late of Wilmington, deceased 
intestate, who also is deceased intestate, 1st September, 1740. 

" Memorandum : the wife of the Rev. Mr. Daniel Rogers, who was Samuel Dum- 
mer Esquire's widow, and mother of said Elizabeth Dummer, holds her thirds or 
right of dower in all the above mentioned and appraised housing and lands [refer- 
ring to the Inventory]. 'Tis said there is an estate in England that belonged to the 
aforesaid Elizabeth Dummer, at the time of her decease, but what it is is not yet 
come to knowledge." 

The record I have found evidently refers to that unknown estate in Eng- 
land, probably certain property at Bishopstoke, which had descended to her 
from her great-grandfather Richard Dummer. 

268 The Family of Dummer. [July, 

On the 27th of August, 1741, letters to administer the estate of Elizabeth 
Dummer, spinster, of Littleton, in New England, were granted by the Pre- 
rogative Court of Canterbury, to Thomas Hutchinson, Esq., the lawful 
attorney of Elizabeth Rogers, heretofore Dummer, wife of the Rev. Daniel 
Rogers, Clerk, the natural and lawful mother and next of kin of the de- 
ceased, for the use and benefit of said Elizabeth Rogers alias Dummer, 
now residing in New England. 

As to Jeremy Dummer, it is well known that he died in England on 
the 19th of May, 1739. He was buried at West Ham in Essex, and the 
inscription on the monument (a slab now close to the door of the vestry) is 
as follows : 

" The Remains 

Jeremiah Dummer 

of New England, Esq r , 

distinguished by his excellent life 

probity and humanity. 

His age 58. 


I am not sure whether his will has ever been printed in the United 
States, and, as it contains at least one name connected hereafter with this 
narrative, I append a full abstract of it. It is dated on the 7th of June, 
1738, and he described himself as Jeremy Dummer (and so signed it), late 
Agent of His Majesty's Provinces of Massachusetts and Connecticut in 
New England, and now resident at Plaistow in Essex, in the kingdom of 
Great Britain. The opening paragraph I quote verbatim : 

" In the chief place, and before all things, 1 do on this solemn occasion commend 
my soul to Almighty God, and render Him infinite thanks for the many blessings 
with which He has been pleased to fill up the short scene of my life, firmly confid- 
ing in the Benignity of His nature, that he won't afflict me in another world for some 
follys I have committed in this, in common with the rest of mankind, but rather 
that he will graciously consider the frail and weak frame which he gave me, and 
remember that I was but dust." I desire my executors kindly to invite to my fu-. 
neral all such New England Gentlemen as shall be in London at the time of my 
decease, and to give to each a ring of the value of 20 shillings, without my name 
on it, but only this motto, which I think : " Nulla retro via." — To Mrs Kent, where 
I now live, and to Mrs Mary Stephenson, lodging in the same house, each £100. and 
a ring. — To my worthy countryman Henry Newman, Esq., £20. — To Miss Hook 
Jacob, £20. — To my good kinswoman Mrs Lloyd of New England, formerly Pernber- 
ton and Campbell, £100. — To Dudley Woodbridge, of Barbadoes, £50., for the plea- 
sure I had in his company when in England. — To Commissioner Pearse of the Navy 
his eldest son by his former wife, £20. — To Mrs Burr of New- England, a £50. New 
England bill, and, in case of her death, the same to her children, as an acknowledge- 
ment of a civility I received from her husband at the College (I mean that Burr who 
was schoolmaster of Charlestown) . — To Colonel & Captain Mandell, Swedes in Lon- 
don, each 10 guineas. — To Stephen Whatley, of Gray's Inn, Gent., my little library. 
— To my brother Dummer of Newberry, £20., New England money, to distribute 
among the poor Indian squaws that may come a begging at his door. — To my sister 
Dummer, her husband's picture set in gold, which will be found in my scrutore. — 
The bulk of my estate I am content should go according to the Act of Assembly in 
New England for distributing the estates of intestates. — To Francis Wilks, Esq., 
the diamond ring I usually wear, and to Mr Samuel Storko my gold watch, and 
I desire them to be my executors. 

Codicil, dated 8 th April, 1739. Whereas I executed a deed on the 20th of March 
last to Dorothy Kent and Francis Wilks, conveying to said Mrs Kent a house in 
Clarges street, in consideration of the trouble I have given her during a long fit of 
sickness, I now revoke the legacy of £100. to her in my will. 

1881.] The Family of Bummer. 269 

This will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 1st 
of June, 1739, hy hoth executors, the hitter of whom, Samuel Storke, will 
be again heard of as this narrative proceeds. The will was evidently a 
holograph, or written at the dictation of the testator. 

This ends all that I have to say respecting Richard Dummer of New 
England, and I now proceed to the history of the third son of Thomas 
Pyldrym alias Dummer, viz. : 

3. Thomas Dummer. who is usually said to have gone to New England 
in 1638, and to have afterwards returned, which I believe not to have been 
the case. As 1 have shown before, he could not have been the Thorn 
who sailed in the " Bevis " in 1G38, at the age of 19, as he had a daughter 
old enough to be married in 1644. He inherited from his father the es- 
tate at Chicknell (sometimes called Dummer Park) in North Stoneham, 
where he died in 1650. Bis will, as of Chicknell, Gentleman, was dated 
12th April in that year, and the following is a full abstract of it : 

To the parishes of North and South Stoneham and of Bishopstoke, each 26 shil- 
lings and 8 pence for the use of the poor. — To my wife, iJ 10. — To four ef my daugh- 
ters, viz. Susan, Hester, Jane and Mary, each £200. at her age oi 21 or marriage. — 
To my eldest daughter, Joane Nelson, widow, 20 shillings, and to her son and daugh- 
ter, Samuel and Mercy Nelson, my grandchildren, each £50. when 21. — To my sec- 
ond daughter, Margaret Clements, now in New England, and her child she now 
hath, each U'J.V — To Thomas, my only BOn, when of tin- Kfto ol 21 01 24, Bfl my ex- 
ecutors shall see fit, all my freehold-lands in North Stoneham, or elsewhere, with 
remainder to my said four unmarried daughters. — I appoint as my executors in 
trust my kinsman John Dummer of Townhill, Stephen Penton of Winchester, 
Robert Dummer of Durley, Thomas Dummer of Eairthorne and Stephen Dummer 
of Bishopstoke. 

The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, on the 
9th of November, 1650, by the said four Dummers named as executors, 
power being reserved for the said Stephen Penton. 

Of his wife or wives I know nothing. It may be presumed from the 
smallness of the bequest here made to his wife, and the absence of any other 
provision for or allusion to her, that she was his second wife, and not the 
mother of his children. 

The children of this Thomas Dummer were as follows : 

(1.) Thomas Dummer, only son, who was not of age at the date of his 
father's will, but must have become so very shortly after, as he evidently 
married late in that year 1650. He may, however, have married before 
attaining his majority, and it was probably at North Stoneham. Of his 
wife I know nothing beyond the facts afforded by the following inscription 
on her gravestone, on the floor of the nave of North Stoneham Church : 

" Here lyeth bvried the body of Joane Dvmmer, the wife of Thomas Dvmmer of 
Chicknell Hall in this parish, who departed this mortal life the 10 day of October 
in y e year of ovr Lord 1665." 

It may be suspected that Thomas Dummer did not maintain the reputa- 
tion of the family for thrift, for on the 8th of March, 1661—2, he sold the 
Chicknell estate, and it passed forever out of the possession of the family. 
He was himself buried at Romsey, Hants, on the 12th of December, 1665, 
but no will or record of administration of his estate is to be found. 

His children were as follows : 

[1.] Edmund Dummer, who was baptized at North Stoneham 28th Aug., 
1 65 1 . He obtained some Government-position, and was sometime of Chatham, 
and afterwards of London, near the Tower. On the 25th of June, 1692, 

270 The Family of Dummer. [July, 

he was appointed Surveyor of the Navy. He was buried at St. Andrew's, 
Holborn, 8th May, 1716, but no testamentary record of him can be found. 
By his wife Sarah, who was buried at St. Margaret's, Westminster, 20th 
Feb., 1713-14, he had a daughter Mary, baptized at St. Margaret's, West- 
minster, 28th July, 1680, and living 13th January, 1G89-90 ; a daughter 
Sarah, who was buried at Greenwich, 12th April, 1700 ; and a son Ed- 
mund, who was also buried at Greenwich, 30th March, 1701. 

[2.] Thomas Dummer, who was baptized at North Stoneham in 1655. 
He was afterwards of London, and sometimes called " Captain." He died 
on the 18th of February, 1727-8, in his 73d year, and was buried in the 
Church of St. Catherine, by the Tower of London. His wife Mary died 
on the 4th of March, 1742-3, also in her 73d year, and was buried with 
her husband. He was, so far as can be ascertained, the last male descendant 
of Thomas Dummer, third son of Thomas Pyldrym alias Dummer. (Both 
he and his brother Edmund will appear again hereafter in connection with 
the question of the Dummer arms.) 

His will, as of Marine [now Wellclose] Square, Gentleman, dated 10th 
January, 1725-6, was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 18th 
March, 1727-8, by his relict Mary, to whom he left all his estate, except 
£50 to his daughter, and £500 each to his five grandchildren, respectively, 
at the age of 21. Her will, dated 26th August, 1742, and proved in the 
same court 10th March, 1742-3, names only her own immediate relations 
and friends. The following legacies, however, refer to names already 
occurring or to occur in this narrative, and may be worth recording : 

" To my cousin Hester Fludd, daughter of the late Mr Henry Hull, or, if she be 
dead, then to her husband Mr Jonathan Fludd, or, if both be dead, then to their 
children, £50. — To the children of Thomas Carter, late of Southampton, deceased, 
and to their mother, and to my god-daughter Mrs Susanna Andrews, each a guinea. 
— To my said cousin Hester Fludd, £20. for the use of Mary Hull. — To Mrs Sarah 
Hull, widow, £10." 

They had but two children, viz., a daughter Rebecca, who was baptized 
at Portsmouth, Hants, 20th September, 1693, and buried there the 1st of 
October, 1697 ; and Mary, who married Rev. Ross Ley, Rector of St. 
Matthew, Friday street, London, and one of the Brothers of the Hospital 
of St. Catharine, who died 4th January, 1736-7, aged 56, and was buried 
in the Chapel of St. Catharine. She died 3d May, 1746, aged 57, and 
was buried with her husband. Their children were Thomas Ley, who died 
27th March, 1741, aged 30, and was buried at St. Catharine's ; William 
Ley, who was living 27th January, 1763, having had apparently only one 
son, William Ross Ley, who died an infant in 1742 ; Elizabeth, who died 
unmarried before 1742, aged 31 ; Rebecca, unmarried in 1735, afterwards 
the wife of Thomas Gwatkin ; and Mary, unmarried in 1735, but married 
before 1745 to John Eckley. 

[3.] John Dummer, baptized at North Stoneham in 1658, and 

[4.] Walter Dummer, baptized at NortJjL Stoneham in May, 1661. 

Of these two sons of Thomas and Joane Dummer I find no further trace. 
They probably died young. 

[5.] Mary, only daughter. She was living as such 13th January. 1689- 
90, named in the will of her cousin Rev. John Dummer of I lard wick, but 
I find nothing of her later. 

The six daughters of Thomas Dummer, third son of Thomas Pyldrym 
alias Dummer, were as follows : 

1881.] The Family of Dummer, 271 

(2.) Joane, whom I take to have been the passenger of that name in the 
" Bevis," in L638j accompanying her ancle Richard and the re I of the 
family. She became as early as L644 the second wife of Thomac N< Ison, 
of Rowley, in New England. His will was printed in the "New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register" for 1849, Vol. [II. pp. 267-8. This 
will was proved in England in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, -1st 
February, 1650-1, by the executor, his wile's uncle, Richard Dummer, 
who musi then have been on at least his second return-visit to his old home. 
Her two children, Mercy and Samuel, are mentioned in her father's will, 
and she and they were evidently then with him. She is -aid to have be 
still living at North Stoneham in 1659, but I do not find any positive trace 
of her, or of her son Samuel. Her daughter Mercy married John Storke, 
a wealthy clothier of Romsey, Hants, who was twice Mayor of that Cor- 
poration, by whom she had issue John, Thomas, Richard and Samuel 

Storke, and adaughter Mercy, who afterwards married Wheat Mercy 

Storke died 23d .May, 1702, and was buried the 25th, at Romsey. I 
Justice Sewall often mentions the family in his Diary, and, on the 15th 
of March, Kiss-!) (Vol. [. p. 300), her particularly a- w one of the most 
kind of all my relations." On the 9th of .March next following her death, 
1702 3, her husband remarried, at Romsey, Martha Baverstock, widow. 
He died on the I'.'th of December, 171 Land was buried on the 22d at 
Romsey. .John Storke, their eldest son. married .Mary Andrews, daughter 
of Robert Andrews and Susanna Dummer, as I have before related. lie 
died 30th November, 1724, aged 55, and was buried at Romsey. Another 
of their sons married a Dummer, as will be Been hereafter. Samuel 
Storke, their youngest Bon, became a merchant in London, where he died 
6th Sept., 1746, aged 59, but, according to his desire, was buried with his 
family at Romsey, On the 13th of the same month. 

The second daughter of Thomas Dummer, viz., 

^3.) Margaret . appears to have married in New England, 25th Decem- 
ber, L644, Job Clements. I find nothing of her beyond the fact that Bh< 
was named in her father's will, in 1650, as still living there. 

( 1.) Susan, and 

(5.) Hester. They were both named in their father's will as living in 
1650, but I am not able to identify them, positively, later. 

(().) Jane, who married ■ Carter, but of whom we otherwise never 

hear. She was named in the will of Thomas Dummer of Swathling, L5th 
Jan., 1688-9, with her son Samuel and daughter Hester. Her cousin Rev. 
John Dummer of Ilardwick, in his will, dated 13th January. 1689-90, 
mentions her as then living with him, and names her children, Thomas, 
Samuel and Hester. 

(7.) Mary, who married at Durley, 2d April, 1659, her cousin Thomas, 
son of John Dummer of Swathling. Her history has been given before. 
She was the " M. D." who furnished the Genealogy which is in the Intro- 
auction to the " Sewall Diary" before mentioned. It may he noticed that 
she mentioned her two sisters a#both named Jane. Probably the name of 
the first one was wrongly transcribed, for it is certain that the grandmother 
of Samuel Storke was Joane. 

[To be continued.] 

272 Was Gov. Leverett a Knight ? [July, 


AT the monthly meeting of the New England Historic, Genea- 
logical Society, May 5, 1880, the following letter from Mr. 
Tut tie was received and read : 

Letter of Charles W. Tuttle, Ph.D. 

Boston, May 4, 1880. 

Dear Sir : I have to regret that I shall not be able to attend the 
meeting of the society to-morrow, as I intended. 

For some time I have desired to submit to the consideration of the soci- 
ety a proposition looking to a solution of the question whether John Lev- 
erett, governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1673 to 1679, was 
knighted by Charles II. of England. His knighthood is frequently and 
solemnly affirmed as a historical fact in the pages of the Leverett Memo- 
rial, not excepting the title-page of that volume, as if it were unquestion- 

Mt impression is that this alleged act of the king never was made public 
till within fifty years past. At all events, this announcement must have 
been received with surprise by all who knew the history of the king and 
of the governor. No one was prepared to believe that Charles II. had any 
such regard for the Puritan Governor, the aider and abettor of Cromwell 
— in overthrowing the monarchy — as is implied by conferring on him 
knighthood, or that the Governor had any such regard for the Cavalier 
king and his court, as to induce him to accept it. And yet the contrar 
urged, among other things, to establish the fact of knighthood. 

The affirmative evidence is not strong ; it consists of a single letter of 
business from Mr. Secretary Williamson to Governor Leverett, dated in 
August, 1676, wherein the latter is styled a knight in the address; and 
also a document, now missing or lost, supposed to be the royal letters patent 
conferring this distinction. Strange this letter, wherein no mention is made 
of knighthood, except as it appears to the Governor's name in the address, 
should be preserved, and the important bulky Letters Patent creating him 
knight should be lost. 

This is a novel way of conferring as well as proving title to knighthood. 
As to the letter, no one who knows what a great blunderer the secretary 
was regarding American affairs and history, will attach any importance to 
that. How came the secretary, before and after, to forget that the Gov- 
ernor was a knight? If this method of proving right to a title were allow- 
able, one might easily prove, from his files of letters, a title as high as he 
might choose to lav claim, and as various -as his fancy could desire. II 
often docs blunder or design compliment as in a letter, with a title wholly 
inapplicable and foreign to ourselves! 

The negative evidence is strongly against this theory of knighthood in 

1676, or any other year in the reign of Charles II. 

Dining my historical researches concerning the conquest of Acadia by the 

Dutch in L674, 1 had occasion to ohsen c with much care the official lv'a- 
tion8— and I know of no other — between Charles II. and Governor Lew- 

1881.] Was Gov. Leverett a Knight ? 273 

rett the six years the latter was governor. At no time in this period was 
there anything but antagonism between them." The act of the Governor 
in the spring of 1 G75 in dispossessing the Dutch of Acadia, and thereby 
endangering the Peace of Westminster, was a matter for which he was under 
censure for several years afterwards at the Court of Charles II. 

In June, 1G76, hardly three months before it is claimed he was knight- 
ed, he treated very curtly in Boston the bearer of a royal letter which he 
read in council, without even removing his hat, scornfully remarking at the 
end that its contents were of little consequence. All this was reported at 
Court about the time the royal letters patent are alleged to have been 

Gov. Leverett, as chief magistrate of the colony, is only surpassed by 
the amiable, prudent and accomplished Winthrop. As a military com- 
mander he had no equal during the first, nor perhaps during the second 
charter. His administration is a conspicuous one; and his memory has 
always been held in esteem and veneration in New England. That he 
ever held any other relations with Charles 1 L than those known to his 
contemporaries, none will believe who examine into the matter. 

While I, as well as many others, am satisfied that he never was knighted 
by Charles II., as alleged, there are persons who believe otherwise, and 
continue to st} T le him a knight, thereby making confusion in our history. I 
venture to suggest that this important question be referred to the Commit- 
tee on Heraldry, with instructions to report their views at an early day. 

Faithfully yours, C. W. TuTTLB. 

To the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Tres't 

N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society. 

The subject was referred to the Committee on Heraldry, as sug- 
gested by Mr. Tuttle. We expected to have accompanied the letter, 
in this number, with the report of the committee, but we find that 
we shall be obliged to postpone its publication till the October 

Mr. Tuttle, when he wrote the above letter, had not seen the 
original of the official letter which he refers to, though he had made 
diligent search for it. He relied entirely on the printed copies, 
which give a false impression. It is but recently that we have as- 
certained the owner of the original document. The letter belongs 
to Leverett Saltonstall, Esq., who has loaned it to the editor of the 
Register. From it the following copy has been made by David 
Pulsifer, A.M. : 

Charles R. 

Trusty & Welbeloved, Wee greet you well. Whereas wee have been 
humbly informed by the petieon of John Wampas ah White, that he was 
about six months since put into prison here for a small debt, where he hath 
since remained to his utter ruine, & that he hath a certain parcell of land 
in Massachusetts bay, the which he hath held for many years, having taken 
the Oaths of Allegiance & Supremacy as our subject ; aud having humbly 
besought us to interpose With you, that he may bee restored to his s d lauds, 
or have liberty to sell the same for his present reliefe & the payment of his 
debts, Wee taking into our gracious consideracon the miserable condition of 
vol. xxxv. 24 

274 Was Gov. Leverett a Knight t [July, 

the pet r have thought fitt to recomend him to you, that he may have Justice 
done him & whal favour the matter will fairly beare. And soe Wee bid 

you farewell. Given Att our Court att Whitehall the 22 th day of August 

1676 in the 28 th yeare of our reigne 

By his Ma ties comand. Williamson. 

[The letter fills one page of a folio foolscap sheet, and except the signa- 
tures of Charles II. and Secretary Williamson, is in the hand writing of a 
clerk. It is addressed, in the same hand writing, on the outside of the letter 
after it was folded :] 

To Our Trusty and Welbeloved 
S r John Leveritt Kn* governour 
of Massachusetts bay in new 

[Underneath the address is a line in another hand writing, probably a 
memorandum of the receipt of the letter by Gov. Leverett. A portion of 
the writing is obscure, but it looks like :] 

Reed y 9 l'er 7. 2. jvarl i677 

[Savage (Winthrop's New England, ii. 245) reads it, " Received 2 June 

1677 ;" and the editors of the 32d volume of the Massachusetts Historical 
Collections (page 223) read it, " Received 2 Jan. 1677."] 

This letter has been printed twice before, namely, in 1854, in the 
Massachusetts Historical Collections, vol. xxxii. page 223 : and in 
1856 in the Leverett Memorial, page 83 ; but in both copies the 
address is printed above the sign manual of the king, whereas in 
the original letter it is on the outside, and appears no where else. 

Last year we sent a copy of Mr. Tuttle's letter to Col. Chester, 
of London, the eminent antiquary, and desired him to ascertain 
whether there was any record of the letter in England. The follow- 
ing reply was received : 

124 Southwark Park Road, 
London, S. E., England, 29 Sept. 1880. 
Dear Mr. Dean, 

I returned from the seaside last week, and have since looked into 
the matter about which you wrote on the 25th August. There was consid- 
erable difficulty in finding the document, as you gave no reference. It is in 

" Colonial Entry Books 

Plantations General 

Vol. 93. A.D. 1663-1684," 
at folio 150. It is undated, but follows a letter dated 29th March, 1676, 
and precedes one dated 14th Dec. 1676. This volume is only an Entry 
Book containing copies of letters written by Secretary Williamson. (See 
my Westminster Abbey Registers, p. 249.) 

In the margin is : 

" To S r John Leveritt gov r of Massachusetts." 

At the end of the letter : 

" To our Tr. &c. S r John Leveritt, Knt. gov r of Massachusetts bay in 
New England." 

1881.] Memoranda of Joseph Farwell of Groton. 275 

The explanation I would suggest is that Williamson was notoriously a 
careless man, and that this was one of his blunders. It seems absolutely 
certain that Leverett never was knighted, or there would be evidence of the 
fact in other quarters. Sincerely yours, 

Jos. L. Chester. 


Communicated by Samuel A. Giieex, M.D., of Boston. 

THE following memoranda are taken from a small note-book kept 
by Joseph Farwell, of Groton, which has been lent me by 
Frederic Kidder, Esq., of Melrose, Mass. The first entries were 
made in the year 1710, and relate to work done by Farwell. On the 
fly-leaf is written, "Joseph fFarwell his book if I it luse and you 
it find giuc it me for it is mine." The next leaf contains "An 
acompt of y e Berth of Joseph farwells Childeren," as follows : 

Joseph farwell Born August: 5 : 1G9G 
Thomas farwell Horn October : 11 : 1G98 
Hannah farwell Born May : 6: 1701 
Elisabeth farwell Horn December: 31 : 1704 
Edward farwell Born July : 12: 17<)G 
Mary farwell Horn Feb ry : 1 : 1709 
John farwell Horn June : 23 : 1711 

Sarah farwell born feb ry the 2G tl1 and died July the 4 th 1721 
Joseph Farwell the son of Joseph and Hannah Farwell was born the : 
24: 5: 1G70 

Near the middle of the book the following record is found, in 
another hand waiting : 

The Birth of the Children of Joseph Farwell and Mary Farwell who 
wear Married Dece m y e 24 : 1719. 

Anna Farwell Born February y c 19 th 1721 
Isaac Farwell Born March y e G th 1723 
Joseph Farwell Born September y c 20 tlx 172") 
Jonathau Farwell Born May y e 15 th 1730 
Thomas Farwell Born July y e 31 th 1733 
Olive Farwell Born June y e *24 th 17.*!."> 
Mary Farwell Born September y e 4 th 1738 
Susannah Farwell Born August y e 8 th 1742 

Jon 1 Farwell Departed Life Nou m y e 29 17G1 being 30 years & 14 Days 

Isaac Farwell son of Joseph and Mary Farwell Dep d May y e 18 th 1740 
Being 17 year two months and 12 Days old 

Joseph Farwell Juner son of Jo 9 & Mary Dep* August. y e 27. 1758 be- 
ing 32 years 11 months and 7 Days old 

The following notes are found in different leaves, scattered 
throughout the book, as they were left blank by the original writer : 

276 Belief in Astrology in New England. [July, 

Joseph Farwell his Book 1745 

March y e 10 th 1745 Our men went out of Groton for Cap Prtoon aud 
the City was taken y e 18 day of June 1745 

August y e 4 th 1745 We Began to sing the psalms in the meeting house 
by Course [subsequently the following was written underneath'] and sang them 
throw August y e 30 th 1752 and began and sung the first psalm the first 
Sabbath in September 1752 [and in another place] And sung the Last 
psalm the Last Sabbath in March 1760 and began and sang the first 
psalm y e first Sabbath in April 1760 

May 10 th 1749 pece was proclam d in Boston in New England 

Groton June y e 21) 1750 I was c[h]ose in* the office of a deacon in the 
first Church in Groton a for said and on the first Sabath July 1750 waited 
on that Duty 

in Groton January the 22, 1750-1 their was a grate storm of Rain and 
wind to that Degree that it Blew down 4 Barns and one house and Rent 
a Grate Number of Barns and other Buldings to that Degree that the oldest 
person Now Living Cant Rember the Like 

May the 22 d 1754 we Began to Rais our New meeting House and fin- 

JO o 

ished it on Satterday the 25 th 

May y e 30 th 1754 Our Solders went out of Groton to Boston in order 
forts Cumber Land 

August y e 18 1754 vpon the Lords Day mrs Sarah Dicxinson was 
taken into our Church the first person that was taken into the Church in 
the New meeting House 

November y e 15 1754 the first Sacrement of the Lords supper was 
Administred in the New meeting House 

November: y e 18 th 1755. their was a tearable Earth quake about 20 
minets after 4 in the morning. 

on Munday the 26 of July 1756 my house was burnt down and the most 
of my house hold s[t]uff" burnt up [subsequently the following was written] 
and on Wedensday the 24 of Nouember we mov d into the New house 

May y e 24 1758 Cap* thomas Lawrance went out of groton in order for 
Canada and was slain in battle the 20. Day of July 1758 

August. y e 10 1763 peace was proclaimed in Boston with the French. 

March y e 28. 1766 Zachariah Longley was chosen a Deacon in y e first 
Church in Groton. 

December y c 30. 1773 Isaac Farnsworth and Ben a Bancroft wear cho- 
sen Deacons in the Church of Groton. 

Apriel y e 19 th 1775, the Reggulars Came to Concord & kil d two men & 
our men followed them to Charlstown & kil d and wounded and took Cap- 
tive Betwen three & 400 


Communicated by John D. Champlin, Jr., A.M., of New York City. 

FT! HE belief in astrology prevalent among our ancestors two centuries 

JL ago, is well illustrated in the following family record, where the hour 

and minute of each child's birth, as well as the planetary influence under 

which it took place, is carefully noted. This custom of recording the pre- 

1881.] Notes and Queries. 217 

cise time of birth is still followed by many who arc ignorant that it was 
formerly done to enable the astrologers to construe! a horoscope or nativity 

of the person, from which to foretell the events of his life. Thus the usage 

lias survived the memory of its origin. 

The Christopher Champlin, who so carefully preserved the record of his 
family, was the son of Christopher,* bod of Geoffrey or Jeffrey 1 Champlin, 
of Portsmouth, Newport and Westerly, R. L His wife Elizabeth was the 
daughter of George* Denison of Westerly, son of George* of Stonington, 
Conn., son of William 1 of Roxbury, Mass. 

Christopher Champlin horn Scp r 96* 1684 

Elizabt tli Champlin bis wife horn S«p n"> 1699 

The above said Cnristopher Champlin departed this life Oct 230 1734 and Eliza- 
beth his wife departed this life Nov ye 92P* 17 id 

The ages "I their children 

Christopher was born Nov ye .'><>"' 39 min past 7 in ye morning 1707 $ 

Joseph was horn Aug ye l 1 ' 1 : 1709 at 8 o'clock in jre morning O 

Elijah was hon. Jul v ye 20 th 1711 Died Feb ye 18« ' 1719-13 

Ann was horn Marco ye 29 th : 171 1 Planetary hour $ 

George was horn Feb I5 tt 17 16 Planetary hour o 

Elizabeth was horn .Ian io' !i I7l8=«19 Planetary hour 9 

Thankful was born March 27* 1721 Planetary hour J Died Oct: 1725 

Lydia was born Nov ye 10 th 1723 Planetary hour $ DiedOci 1725 

Elijah was horn May ye 23-1726 Planetary hour U Died .March ye 10 t!l 1789 

Jabez was horn Aug ye ."i ' 1728 on the 7 th day of ye (reek 

Oliver was horn May ye 12 tt 1730 on ye 3 l day of ye week 

Mary was born June ye 29* 1731 on ye 3 d Ja